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49 percent of patients withhold clinically sensitive information

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lock and chains around a keyboard [19/12/2014] In the first real-world trial of the impact of patient-controlled access to electronic medical records, almost half of the patients who participated withheld clinically sensitive information in their medical records from some or all of their health care providers.49 percent of patients withhold clinically sensitive information - Read more

GPs should be more open when referring patients for cancer investigations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician talking to a patient [18/12/2014] GPs should consider a more overt discussion with patients when referring them for further investigation of symptoms which may indicate cancer.GPs should be more open when referring patients for cancer investigations - Read more

Complications from blood transfusions more common than previously reported

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hanging, empty blood bags [16/12/2014] Two studies shed new light on the prevalence of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO), the number one and two leading causes of blood transfusion-related deaths in the United States.Complications from blood transfusions more common than previously reported - Read more

Patients do not understand risks of unnecessary antibiotics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician informs a patient about his description [16/12/2014] Over prescription of antibiotics is a major factor driving one of the biggest public health concerns today: antibiotic resistance. In a first-of-its-kind study, research led by the George Washington University suggests that public health educational materials may not address the misconceptions that shape why patients expect antibiotics, driving doctors to prescribe them more.Patients do not understand risks of unnecessary antibiotics - Read more

Correcting myths about the flu vaccine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician vaccinates sceptically looking woman [08/12/2014] With health systems in the U.S., U.K., and around the world trying to increase vaccination levels, it is critical to understand how to address vaccine hesitancy and counter myths about vaccine safety.Correcting myths about the flu vaccine - Read more

Genetic marker may help predict success of kidney transplants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Kidneys [02/12/2014] Kidneys donated by people born with a small variation in the code of a key gene may be more likely, once in the transplant recipient, to accumulate scar tissue that contributes to kidney failure, according to a study led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. Genetic marker may help predict success of kidney transplants - Read more

Euthanasia – A Human Right?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2014] Several weeks ago on November 1, 2014, 29-year-old Brittany Maynard, who suffered from terminal brain cancer, took drugs to end her life surrounded by her family. This was preceded by months of despair and anguish, but also by love and a lust for life as the young woman describes in several videos she recorded to fight for the right to die with dignity.Euthanasia – A Human Right? - Read more

Making Your Own End-of-Life Decisions: “All options of palliative care, pain management and continued life need to have been explained to the patient“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2014] How does a physician handle a patient, who wants to die and what rights do I actually have as a patient? Legal practitioners do not automatically answer these and other questions. We talked about this subject with MD-PhD Ralf Jox from the Institute of Ethics, History and Theory of Medicine at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany.Making Your Own End-of-Life Decisions: “All options of palliative care, pain management and continued life need to have been explained to the patient“ - Read more

Membrane reduces scarring in damaged blood vessels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood vessel with a narrowing, blood flow [01/12/2014] When blood vessels are damaged through surgery, it can trigger an endless cycle of scarring and repair. Now, a new surgical membrane delivers the healing action of vitamin A.Membrane reduces scarring in damaged blood vessels - Read more

“When patient monitoring becomes too intensive, it violates human dignity and human rights“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2014] Modern medical technology shortens and makes care processes easier, while it ensures the safety of patients at the same time. However, monitoring or electronic sensors for remote surveillance keep being accompanied by ethical violations. Patients feel like they are being watched and in the worst-case scenario, robbed of their freedom and autonomy. “When patient monitoring becomes too intensive, it violates human dignity and human rights“ - Read more

Researchers study impact of power prosthetic failures on amputees

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Powered prosthetic device [27/11/2014] Powered lower limb prosthetics hold promise for improving the mobility of amputees, but errors in the technology may also cause some users to stumble or fall. New research examines exactly what happens when these technologies fail, with the goal of developing a new generation of more robust powered prostheses.Researchers study impact of power prosthetic failures on amputees - Read more

"Preventive precautions": Averting dementia

[14/11/2014] Ever since Alois Alzheimer was the first person to describe a type of dementia exactly 150 ago, research has been tireless in counteracting numerous types of dementia. It becomes more and more apparent: certain risk factors weigh heavily in the development of dementia. "Preventive precautions": Averting dementia - Read more

Cyber Medical Systems: Integrating intensive care units

[14/11/2014] Medical data acquisition and integration are becoming a greater focal point in treatment and therapy. The MEDICA HEALTH IT FORUM was dedicated to the topic of cyber medical systems. A roundtable discussion explained the advantages and benefits of these systems for intensive care units and operating rooms. Cyber Medical Systems: Integrating intensive care units - Read more

When hearing aid users listen to music, less is more

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman with headphones [14/11/2014] The type of sound processing that modern hearings aids provide to make speech more understandable for wearers may also make music enjoyment more difficult, according to a new study by the University of Colorado (CU) Boulder.When hearing aid users listen to music, less is more - Read more

A medical lab for the home

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microchip at a fingertip [13/11/2014] Fraunhofer FIT demonstrates a mobile wireless system that monitors the health of elderly people in their own homes, using miniature sensors. Besides non-invasive sensors this platform integrates technology to take a blood sample and to determine specific markers in the patient's blood.A medical lab for the home - Read more

Mini gadget for your ear: wearable device measures body temperature

[13/11/2014] Wearables have become essential in medicine, competitive and leisure sports. Hence, what belongs together will come together in D. Eng Johannes Kreuzer’s lecture at the MEDICINE + SPORTS CONFERENCE. Mini gadget for your ear: wearable device measures body temperature - Read more

Computer game could help visually-impaired children live independently

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Screenshot of the game [12/11/2014] Developed by a team of neuroscientists and video game designers from the University of Lincoln, UK, and the WESC Foundation, one of the UK's leading specialist schools for visually impaired children, the Eyelander game features exploding volcanoes, a travelling avatar and animated landscapes. They hope the game could hold the key to helping visually-impaired children lead independent lives.Computer game could help visually-impaired children live independently - Read more

Cystic Fibrosis: "The basic research over the past 20 years pays off for a small group of patients"

[12/11/2014] Cystic fibrosis is a disease that affected patients need to live with for the rest of their lives. Thanks to successful therapies, life expectancy has increased over the past few years. As a result, many patients are not able to find specialized care as adults. MEDICA.de spoke about this subject with Professor Manfred Ballmann, Medical Director of the DRK Pediatric Clinic in Siegen, Germany.Cystic Fibrosis: "The basic research over the past 20 years pays off for a small group of patients" - Read more

Disaster response: "It is very important that civilian and military organizations collaborate"

[12/11/2014] Military meets industry – DiMiMED, the International Conference on Disaster and Military Medicine, takes place for the second time at MEDICA. We spoke with CPT Stephanie Smith of the Canadian Field Hospital who will talk there about the operations of the Disaster Assistance Response Team tomorrow.Disaster response: "It is very important that civilian and military organizations collaborate" - Read more

Integrated devices in patient care

[12/11/2014] New technologies like patient monitoring with integrated devices make patient care a lot easier. The potential that is hiding here has not been exhausted yet. At the MEDICA CONNECTED HEALTHCARE FORUM, Björn Peters, exceet Secure Solutions, and Jaap Vossen, Swisscom, explained the benefits of machine-to-machine (M2M) and Internet of Things (IoT) solutions for medicine. Integrated devices in patient care - Read more

NEBIAS: The world’s most advanced bionic hand

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two men at arm wrestling, one wearing a prosthesis [11/11/2014] A prosthetic hand, which provides a sense of touch acute enough to handle an egg, has been completed and is now exploited by the NEBIAS project after 10 years of EU-funded research. The world’s most advanced bionic hand was tested with the help of amputee Dennis Aabo Sørensen who was able to grasp objects intuitively and identify what he was touching, while blindfolded.NEBIAS: The world’s most advanced bionic hand - Read more

Genetics: “We try to simplify diagnosis for rare diseases“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/11/2014] Sometimes your TV is actually right and diagnosing an illness is really a puzzle. This is the case with rare diseases for example, which only affect a small portion of the population. Physicians are then confronted with the problem of not having enough experience with a specific illness and its symptoms to be able to make a diagnosis.Genetics: “We try to simplify diagnosis for rare diseases“ - Read more

World Diabetes Day: Healthy living with diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yogurt with fruits [10/11/2014] A healthy lifestyle is essential . Therefore, this year’s World Diabetes Day (November 14th) takes place under the motto "Healthy eating begins with breakfast". Since 2006, the second official UN awareness day unites the global diabetes community and appeals to the awareness of diabetes.World Diabetes Day: Healthy living with diabetes - Read more

Medical professionals can step into their patients’ shoes now

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man putting business shoes on [04/11/2014] A pioneering piece of technology will allow users to experience the world through the eyes of a person with Young-Onset Parkinson’s disease- which could revolutionize the way carers and medical staff treat people with the degenerative condition.Medical professionals can step into their patients’ shoes now - Read more

Older adults at risk of delirium after surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man with oxygen mask [04/11/2014] New research reports that preoperative pain and depressive symptoms in older adults place them at greater risk of delirium following surgery. According to the findings, both pain and depression are independent and interactive risk factors for delirium, suggesting a cumulative effect.Older adults at risk of delirium after surgery - Read more

More penalties on the way for hospitals that treat the poor?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dollar bill, stethoscope on an insurance form [03/11/2014] New policy targeting hospital readmissions for COPD may hurt vulnerable patients, lung disease experts say.More penalties on the way for hospitals that treat the poor? - Read more

New test could identify infants with rare insulin disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Diabetes device [24/10/2014] A rare form of a devastating disease which causes low blood sugar levels in babies and infants may now be recognised earlier thanks to a new test developed by researchers from The University of Manchester. New test could identify infants with rare insulin disease - Read more

Wearable interface to make prosthetics more comfortable

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bubble actuator [24/10/2014] UT Arlington researchers have been awarded a $744,300 grant from the Department of Defense Peer Reviewed Orthapaedic Research Program to create an adaptive interface that fits between a prosthetic and a patient's limb so that the fit and comfort of the prosthetic are improved.Wearable interface to make prosthetics more comfortable - Read more

Cause of Ageing Remains Elusive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nematode worm with its mitochondria fluorescing in yellow [23/10/2014] A report by Chinese researchers in the journal Nature a few months ago was a small sensation: they appeared to have found the cause for why organisms age. An international team of scientists, headed by the University of Bonn, has now refuted a basic assumption of the Nature article. The reasons for ageing thus remain elusive. Cause of Ageing Remains Elusive - Read more

Scientists discover hidden subpopulation of melanoma cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Intensity-colored image of blood flow in a PECAM1-positive tumor [23/10/2014] UNC School of Medicine researchers have pinpointed a set of intriguing characteristics in a previously unknown subpopulation of melanoma cancer cells in blood vessels of tumors. These cells, which mimic non-cancerous endothelial cells that normally populate blood vessels in tumors, could provide researchers with another target for cancer therapies.Scientists discover hidden subpopulation of melanoma cells - Read more

'Smart' bandage emits phosphorescent glow for healing below

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: the transparent liquid bandage [22/10/2014] Inspired by a desire to help wounded soldiers, an international, multidisciplinary team of researchers led by Assistant Professor Conor L. Evans at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Harvard Medical School (HMS) has created a paint-on, see-through, "smart" bandage that glows to indicate a wound's tissue oxygenation concentration.'Smart' bandage emits phosphorescent glow for healing below - Read more

Hospitals converting to for-profit status show better financial health, no loss in quality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic of a hospital [22/10/2014] Switching from nonprofit to for-profit status appears to boost hospitals' financial health but does not appear to lower the quality of care they provide or reduce the proportion of poor or minority patients receiving care, according to a new study from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and Brigham and Women's Hospital. Hospitals converting to for-profit status show better financial health, no loss in quality - Read more

See-through, one-atom-thick, carbon electrodes powerful tool to study brain disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: 16-electrode transparent array [21/10/2014] Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine and School of Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have used graphene -- a two-dimensional form of carbon only one atom thick -- to fabricate a new type of microelectrode that solves a major problem for investigators looking to understand the intricate circuitry of the brain.See-through, one-atom-thick, carbon electrodes powerful tool to study brain disorders - Read more

Supercomputers link proteins to drug side effects

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Drug Side Effects [21/10/2014] New medications created by pharmaceutical companies have helped millions of Americans alleviate pain and suffering from their medical conditions. However, the drug creation process often misses many side effects that kill at least 100,000 patients a year. Supercomputers link proteins to drug side effects - Read more

New research center to focus on family caregivers of elderly and disabled

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elderly woman and family caregiver [20/10/2014] More than 65 million family caregivers in the US help 12 million seniors and people with disabilities to live at home. While family caregivers save the federal government billions each year in long-term care services, these caregivers aren't getting much support in return, said principal investigator Sandy Magaña, professor of disability and human development at University of Illinois at Chicago.New research center to focus on family caregivers of elderly and disabled - Read more

Inventing a healthier future

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/10/2014] Innovation in medical technologies is booming. That is why MEDICA and COMPAMED attract such huge audiences each year, and an increasing number of exhibitors. New technologies are combining material science, electronics, engineering and biochemistry. With an increasing number of us living longer, the market for healthcare appliances has ever greater potential.Inventing a healthier future - Read more

'Virtual breast' could improve cancer detection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Virtual Breast [02/10/2014] Next to lung cancer, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women, according to the American Cancer Society. That’s why so many medical professionals encourage women to get mammograms, even though the tests are imperfect at best: only a minority of suspicious mammograms actually leads to a cancer diagnosis.'Virtual breast' could improve cancer detection - Read more

Gene interacts with stress and leads to heart disease in some people

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man screaming and grabbing his head [02/10/2014] A new genetic finding from Duke Medicine suggests that some people who are prone to hostility, anxiety and depression might also be hard-wired to gain weight when exposed to chronic stress, leading to diabetes and heart disease.Gene interacts with stress and leads to heart disease in some people - Read more

Children with autism are more sedentary than their peers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy with autism sitting and drawing [01/10/2014] A new Oregon State University (OSU) study of children with autism found that they are more sedentary than their typically-developing peers, averaging 50 minutes less a day of moderate physical activity and 70 minutes more each day sitting.Children with autism are more sedentary than their peers - Read more

Endoscopists recommend frequent colonoscopies, leading to its overuse

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bowel [01/10/2014] A retrospective study led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), has found an overuse of colonoscopies for colorectal cancer screening and surveillance. The study demonstrated that endoscopists commonly recommended shorter follow-up intervals than established guidelines support, and these recommendations were strongly correlated with subsequent colonoscopy overuse. Endoscopists recommend frequent colonoscopies, leading to its overuse - Read more

Laboratory in Space: Hot on the Trails of Cartilage Degradation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2014] On November 10, 2014, astronaut Alexander Gerst will return to Earth from the International Space Station (ISS). He is not just anxiously expected by his family, but also by Dr. Anna-Maria Liphardt from the Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopedics at the German Sport University Cologne Laboratory in Space: Hot on the Trails of Cartilage Degradation - Read more

'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: (Example image) hand with plaster [30/09/2014] A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer, reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign study.'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health - Read more

Simple test can help detect Alzheimer's before dementia signs show

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elderly woman at the computer [30/09/2014] York University researchers say a simple test that combines thinking and movement can help to detect heightened risk for developing Alzheimer's disease in a person, even before there are any telltale behavioral signs of dementia.Simple test can help detect Alzheimer's before dementia signs show - Read more

Calming down immune cells could hold key to melanoma treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Melanoma [29/09/2014] Cancer Research UK scientists at The University of Manchester found that chemical signals produced by a type of immune cell, called macrophages, also act as a survival signal for melanoma cells.Calming down immune cells could hold key to melanoma treatment - Read more

First mouse model for ALS dementia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mouse [29/09/2014] The first animal model for ALS dementia, a form of ALS that also damages the brain, has been developed by Northwestern Medicine scientists. The advance will allow researchers to directly see the brains of living mice, under anesthesia, at the microscopic level. This will allow direct monitoring of test drugs to determine if they work.First mouse model for ALS dementia - Read more

US: 34 percent of severely injured patients undertriaged

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman is treated in an ambulance [25/09/2014] According to the American College of Surgeons' Committee on Trauma, patients with severe injuries should be treated at level I or level II trauma centers. Those centers have the resources to provide the best care for those patients.US: 34 percent of severely injured patients undertriaged - Read more

Cancer: which patients are most likely to delay hospice enrollment?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an enrollment form [24/09/2014] The findings of a Penn Medicine study may influence national quality assessment programs and improve transitions from active treatment to hospice care sooner.Cancer: which patients are most likely to delay hospice enrollment? - Read more

Patients: 'just-in-time' management in the clinic

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patients in the waiting room [23/09/2014] Using a pain clinic as a testing ground, researchers at Johns Hopkins have shown that a management process first popularized by Toyota in Japan can substantially reduce patient wait times and possibly improve the teaching of interns and residents.Patients: 'just-in-time' management in the clinic - Read more

Cancer: palliative care denied to many patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an old patient's hand [22/09/2014] Many patients with advanced, incurable cancer do not receive any palliative care, reveals new research. The findings are astonishing as they come at the same time as 15 new oncology centres in Europe, Canada, South America and Africa are being awarded the prestigious title of 'ESMO Designated Centre of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care.'Cancer: palliative care denied to many patients - Read more

Exercise before school may reduce ADHD symptoms in kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy riding a bike [12/09/2014] Paying attention all day in school as a kid isn't easy, especially for those who are at a higher risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A new study from Michigan State University and University of Vermont researchers shows that offering daily, before-school, aerobic activities to younger, at-risk children could help in reducing the symptoms of ADHD in the classroom and at home.Exercise before school may reduce ADHD symptoms in kids - Read more

Steroid hormone to fight age-related diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Caenorhabditis elegans [12/09/2014] Through the study of the roundworm, Caenorhabditis elegans, the team led by Hugo Aguilaniu has discovered a hormone that enhances longevity and reduces fertility, thus reproducing the effects of an extreme diet. Steroid hormone to fight age-related diseases - Read more

Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Twins [11/09/2014] International research involving the University of Adelaide has found that the risk of preterm birth could be halved for a specific group of "super high-risk" twin pregnancies. The results could help to save babies' lives throughout the world and prevent serious health complications after birth.Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies - Read more

Researchers identify a new target for treating heart failure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Picture: Heart Rate [10/09/2014] As a heart fails, losing its ability to squeeze blood through the circulatory system, the body releases a neurohormone that interferes with the heart's best chance to improve contractility, a team of Temple University School of Medicine researchers show in a study.Researchers identify a new target for treating heart failure - Read more

Milestone reached in work to build replacement kidneys in the lab

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Kidneys [09/09/2014] Regenerative medicine researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have addressed a major challenge in the quest to build replacement kidneys in the lab. Working with human-sized pig kidneys, the scientists developed the most successful method to date to keep blood vessels in the new organs open and flowing with blood. The work is reported in journal Technology.Milestone reached in work to build replacement kidneys in the lab - Read more

Researchers discover a key to making new muscles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Muscles [08/09/2014] A new study finds that cyclic bursts of a STAT3 inhibitor can replenish muscle stem cells and promote their differentiation into muscle fibers. The findings are an important step toward developing and maintaining new muscle to treat muscle diseases.Researchers discover a key to making new muscles - Read more

Surgical safety checklists: patient safety to check off

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/09/2014] You find out after surgery that the left knee was treated instead of the right one. Although such mistakes rarely happen, they can have serious consequences – both for the patient and the image of the physician and the hospital.Surgical safety checklists: patient safety to check off - Read more

Healthy sleep duration linked to less sick time from work

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man switching off alarm clock [05/09/2014] New research suggests that sleeping 7 to 8 hours per night is associated with the lowest risk of absence from work due to sickness. The results underscore the importance of the “Sleep Well, Be Well” campaign of the National Healthy Sleep Awareness Project.Healthy sleep duration linked to less sick time from work - Read more

More than one third of booked operations are re-booked

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Calender sheet with days marked off [04/09/2014] More than one third of all planned orthopaedic surgery procedures are re-booked, postponed or cancelled completely. The most common reasons are cancellation at the patient’s own request or emergency cases having to be prioritized. These are the findings of a study carried out by the Sahlgrenska Academy in association with Sahlgrenska University Hospital.More than one third of booked operations are re-booked - Read more

A prescription for better stroke care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drug prescription form and stethoscope [03/09/2014] Stroke patients are 70 per cent more likely to continue taking their stroke prevention medications one year later if they have a prescription in hand when discharged – according to researchers at St. Michael's Hospital and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES).A prescription for better stroke care - Read more

Health and migration

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Passport in a hand [01/09/2014] Migration has a significant influence on the health sector, including in Austria. The healthcare sector faces challenges due to migrants' different social status, background and gender, according to Christine Binder-Fritz and Anita Rieder from the Institute of Social Medicine at the Centre for Public Health at the Medical University of Vienna Vienna.Health and migration - Read more

ICD home monitoring: cost compares, reimbursement lags

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician talking to an elderly patient [01/09/2014] Roughly a decade since the start of telemonitoring capabilities in implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs), the first financial assessment of the impact of home monitored follow-up estimates the cost to physicians, hospitals and insurance providers is the same as traditional in-office monitoring, according to a new study.ICD home monitoring: cost compares, reimbursement lags - Read more

Pediatric Anesthesia: “I would object to a specialty medical training”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2014] When very young children already need to be in the operating room, it’s not just the parents that are concerned. This type of situation is a special challenge for the entire operating team, because children are always very special patients – especially since they are not just simply small grown-ups! Pediatric Anesthesia: “I would object to a specialty medical training” - Read more

A novel pathway for prevention of heart attack and stroke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Different words like stroke and heart [22/08/2014] A recent study could pave the way for preventing brain and cardiac ischemia induced by atherosclerosis. Finnish researchers have found that the low-expression variant of fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), which is particularly common among Finns, reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke. The finding revealed a new way to customise a potentially preventive drug for atherosclerosis.A novel pathway for prevention of heart attack and stroke - Read more

Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman using an isulin pen [21/08/2014] Scientists from The University of Manchester have discovered that insulin can protect the cells of the pancreas from acute pancreatitis – a disease for which there is currently no treatment. Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis - Read more

Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the brain [20/08/2014] Investigators at the University of Southampton have discovered that two new vaccines can prevent the transmission of meningitis bacteria from person to person. The vaccines do this by reducing 'carriage' of the responsible bacteria in the nose and throats of the population.Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent - Read more

Potential drug therapy for kidney stones

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kidney stones [18/08/2014] A new study suggests that a class of drugs approved to treat leukemia and epilepsy also may be effective against kidney stones, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report. The drugs are histone deacetylase inhibitors, or HDAC inhibitors for short. Potential drug therapy for kidney stones - Read more

Model predicts COPD hospital readmission

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician listens to a patient's chest [15/08/2014] Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have identified predictors of early rehospitalization among patients hospitalized for complications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Model predicts COPD hospital readmission - Read more

New tool to evaluate doctor's bedside manner

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician with patient and relative [15/08/2014] The best way to improve a doctor's bedside manner may lie in a new tool that evaluates and helps medical residents improve their communication and other soft skills to become better doctors, according to a new study led by Women's College Hospital's Dr. Tim Dwyer.New tool to evaluate doctor's bedside manner - Read more

England: Community pharmacies could help tackle poor health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman and pharmacist [14/08/2014] Community pharmacies could play a vital role in tackling major public health concerns such as obesity and smoking because the vast majority of people in England live within easy walking distance, say researchers.England: Community pharmacies could help tackle poor health - Read more

Pioneering online treatment for people with Bipolar Disorder

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Person using a laptop outside [13/08/2014] The first effective web-based treatment for Bipolar Disorder based on the latest research evidence has been developed by psychologists.Pioneering online treatment for people with Bipolar Disorder - Read more

Multi-resistant bacteria want to conquer the world

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2014] Bacteria lurk everywhere: on the skin, in the intestines and in every puddle. Most of them that are hanging out in the human body are good bacteria. But not all of them. Those pathogens that exhibit resistance and are thus very hard to combat are the most dangerous kind. Their spread threatens people all over the world.Multi-resistant bacteria want to conquer the world - Read more

Monitoring pulse after stroke may prevent second stroke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Person measuring another one's pulse [25/07/2014] New research suggests that regularly monitoring your pulse after a stroke or the pulse of a loved one who has experienced a stroke may be a simple and effective first step in detecting irregular heartbeat, a major cause of having a second stroke.Monitoring pulse after stroke may prevent second stroke - Read more

Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: Sign advertizing organ donation [23/07/2014] Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles - Read more

Diabetes mellitus: dangerous consequences, good prevention options

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/07/2014] Diabetes is a lifestyle disease that could result in dangerous consequences for the individual patient and the entire society. However, you can successfully stop this disease with targeted prevention methods.Diabetes mellitus: dangerous consequences, good prevention options - Read more

Death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Look inside an ambulance [18/07/2014] When a medical emergency strikes, our gut tells us to get to the nearest hospital quickly. But a new study suggests that busier emergency centers may actually give the best chance of surviving – especially for people suffering life-threatening medical crises.Death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers - Read more

Teaching the brain to reduce pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A foot about to step on needles [16/07/2014] People can be conditioned to feel less pain when they hear a neutral sound, new research from the University of Luxembourg has found. This lends weight to the idea that we can learn to use mind-over-matter to beat pain.Teaching the brain to reduce pain - Read more

Electronic health records make clinical trials less expensive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A medical team using electronic health records [14/07/2014] Using electronic health records to understand the best available treatment for patients, from a range of possible options, is more efficient and less costly for taxpayers than the existing clinical trial process, a new study shows.Electronic health records make clinical trials less expensive - Read more

Regular nutrition screenings in geriatric health assessment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man eating a pear [08/07/2014] As older adults typically have one or more chronic health conditions that can affect dietary intake, malnutrition has been identified as a serious problem. This has given rise to the recommendation that nutrition screenings be a mandatory part of the comprehensive geriatric analysis (CGA).Regular nutrition screenings in geriatric health assessment - Read more

New tool helps guide brain cancer surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mass spectrometer [04/07/2014] A tool to help brain surgeons test and more precisely remove cancerous tissue was successfully used during surgery, according to a Purdue University and Brigham and Women's Hospital study.New tool helps guide brain cancer surgery - Read more

Hepatitis C may help transplant patients adapt to new liver

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:  Liver [03/07/2014] Transplant patients can develop tolerance to new livers even if they have hepatitis C, according to a new study led by King’s College London and the University of Barcelona. Contrary to what was previously thought, infected patients are not at greater risk of organ rejection and their heightened immune response may actually help the body to adapt to a new liver. Hepatitis C may help transplant patients adapt to new liver - Read more

Seeing your true colors: standards for hyperspectral imaging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hyperspectral imaging [03/07/2014] Today, doctors who really want to see if a wound is healing have to do a biopsy or some other invasive technique that can really only offer information about a small area. A technology called hyperspectral imaging offers doctors a noninvasive, painless way to discriminate between healthy and diseased tissue.Seeing your true colors: standards for hyperspectral imaging - Read more

Efforts to cut unnecessary blood testing bring major decreases in health care spending

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:  Glass tube filled with blood [02/07/2014] Researchers at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center used two relatively simple tactics to significantly reduce the number of unnecessary blood tests to assess symptoms of heart attack and chest pain and to achieve a large decrease in patient charges.Efforts to cut unnecessary blood testing bring major decreases in health care spending - Read more

Fat is the best medicine: ”Adipose tissue contains many multipotent stem cells, approximately 500 times more than bone marrow“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2014] The not so popular “love handles“ could revolutionize medicine in the near future. In cooperation with the University of Rostock (Professor Hermann Seitz), the human med AG Company currently seeks to develop a device that is able to gently remove adipose tissue during surgery and subsequently isolate stem cells. Fat is the best medicine: ”Adipose tissue contains many multipotent stem cells, approximately 500 times more than bone marrow“ - Read more

Most people with type 1 diabetes do not use diabetes devices to get long-term data

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring blood sugar [01/07/2014] Almost 70 percent of adults with Type 1 diabetes never use their blood glucose self-monitoring devices or insulin pumps to download historical data about their blood sugar levels and insulin doses – information that likely would help them manage their disease better. These new survey results show that only 12 percent of patients regularly review their past glucose and insulin pump data at home.Most people with type 1 diabetes do not use diabetes devices to get long-term data - Read more

Researchers call for patients who receive home nutritional care to have emergency plans

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two men lock a window with wood [30/06/2014] On the heels of the 2014 hurricane season, researchers are calling for home parenteral and enteral nutrition (HPEN) consumers and their homecare providers to have a comprehensive emergency preparedness plan (EPP) to ensure that special needs are met during the time of a disaster. Researchers call for patients who receive home nutritional care to have emergency plans - Read more

TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medical Report Tuberculosis written on a typewriter [30/06/2014] Tuberculosis infection among people taking corticosteroid pills may be underestimated, new research suggests. Current guidelines for what constitutes a positive TB skin test among corticosteroid pill users may not be capturing all those who are infected, said Dr. Nicholas Vozoris, a respirologist in the Tuberculosis Program at St. Michael's Hospital. TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills - Read more

For cancer patients, new tool predicts financial pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Empty pockets [23/06/2014] Cancer care has a new side effect. Along with the distress that comes with a cancer diagnosis and the discomforts of treatment, more patients now have to deal with "financial toxicity," the expense, anxiety and loss of confidence confronting those who face large, unpredictable costs, often compounded by decreased ability to work.For cancer patients, new tool predicts financial pain - Read more

Monitor for glaucoma: Sensor in eye could track pressure changes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the final device [20/06/2014] University of Washington engineers have designed a low-power sensor that could be placed permanently in a person’s eye to track hard-to-measure changes in eye pressure. The sensor would be embedded with an artificial lens during cataract surgery and would detect pressure changes instantaneously, then transmit the data wirelessly using radio frequency waves.Monitor for glaucoma: Sensor in eye could track pressure changes - Read more

Combining treatments boosts some smokers' ability to quit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hands breaking a cigarette [18/06/2014] Combining two smoking cessation therapies is more effective than using just one for male and highly nicotine-dependent smokers who weren't initially helped by the nicotine patch, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.Combining treatments boosts some smokers' ability to quit - Read more

Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bowel [18/06/2014] Fecal microbiota transplantation --- the process of delivering stool bacteria from a healthy donor to a patient suffering from intestinal infection with the bacterium Clostridium difficile --- works by restoring healthy bacteria and functioning to the recipient's gut, according to a study published this week.Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions - Read more

Recreational soccer can treat type 2 diabetes patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older men playing soccer [16/06/2014] Studies show that 24 weeks of twice-weekly recreational soccer training sessions lower blood pressure and improves heart function in men with high blood pressure and men with type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, men with type 2 diabetes lost 12 percent of their abdominal fat and reduced their blood sugar 20 percent more than inactive control subjects.Recreational soccer can treat type 2 diabetes patients - Read more

Disinfection caps successful in CLABSI prevention

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand of a hospital patient with a central line [11/06/2014] Thanks to the simple use of an alcohol-impregnated cap, Loyola University Medical Center achieved a 68 percent decrease in the overall number of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) over a 12-month period.Disinfection caps successful in CLABSI prevention - Read more

Appeal of well-being applications often short-lived

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphone and three small meals [10/06/2014] According to a doctoral thesis by Kirsikka Kaipainen from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, online and mobile applications for stress management and healthy eating reach a large number of users but their appeal tends to be short-lived.Appeal of well-being applications often short-lived - Read more

Night owls may be more sedentary, less motivated to exercise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Owl at night [06/06/2014] A new study suggests that night owls are more sedentary and feel that they have a harder time maintaining an exercise schedule.Night owls may be more sedentary, less motivated to exercise - Read more

Relief to glaucoma patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [05/06/2014] Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and the Singapore Eye Research Institute (SERI) have jointly developed a new nanomedicine that will allow glaucoma patients to do away with daily eye drops.Relief to glaucoma patients - Read more

Prototype electrolyte sensor to provide immediate read-outs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ronen Polsky holds a prototype of a microneedle fluidic chip device [04/06/2014] Patients trying to navigate today's complex medical system with its costly laboratory analyses might prefer a pain-free home diagnostic device, worn on the wrist, that can analyze, continuously record and immediately remedy low electrolyte levels. Prototype electrolyte sensor to provide immediate read-outs - Read more

Researchers discover hormone that controls supply of iron in red blood cell production

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microscopic image of erythroblasts [03/06/2014] A UCLA research team has discovered a new hormone called erythroferrone, which regulates the iron supply needed for red blood-cell production.Researchers discover hormone that controls supply of iron in red blood cell production - Read more

Signglasses system opens the universe to deaf students

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man wearing signglasses [02/06/2014] Ordinarily, deaf students are left in the dark when they visit a planetarium. With the lights off, they can't see the ASL interpreter who narrates their tour of outer space. With the lights on, they can't see the constellations of stars projected overhead. That's why a group at Brigham Young University (BYU) launched the "Signglasses" project.Signglasses system opens the universe to deaf students - Read more

Sports and Cancer: No Panacea, but a Necessary Aid

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/06/2014] When are sports healthy, how often should you engage in sports and what effect do sports have on the body – over the past few decades, there were always different answers to these questions. Many studies that were conducted in the past however confirm the assumption that sports and exercise always support health, even if someone is already sick.Sports and Cancer: No Panacea, but a Necessary Aid - Read more

Kidney transplant patients live longer than those in hemodialysis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patients' arm and dialysis tube [27/05/2014] A first-ever study from a large Canadian centre found that kidney transplant recipients lived longer and had better treatment success than patients on intensive home hemodialysis, but also had an increased risk of being hospitalized within the first year.Kidney transplant patients live longer than those in hemodialysis - Read more

Pulsed electrical fields destroy antibiotic-resistant bacteria infecting burn injuries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brown Mouse [22/05/2014] Application of a technology currently used to disinfect food products may help to get around one of the most challenging problems in medicine today, the proliferation of bacteria resistant to antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs. Pulsed electrical fields destroy antibiotic-resistant bacteria infecting burn injuries - Read more

Quality in health care: "It is about the welfare of treated patients"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/05/2014] Measuring quality in health care is not easy. Controlling it doesn’t just provide challenges for the medical sector, but also for policy makers. This is why measuring and representation systems for quality in hospitals as well as improvement concepts are being developed at the IGES Institute.Quality in health care: "It is about the welfare of treated patients" - Read more

Molecule linked to aggressive pancreatic cancer offers potential clinical advances

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The word cancer in red [21/05/2014] Mayo Clinic researchers say a new study provides key insights into the most aggressive form of pancreatic cancer, which is one of the deadliest human cancers.Molecule linked to aggressive pancreatic cancer offers potential clinical advances - Read more

Understanding aspirin's effect on wound healing offers hope for treating chronic wounds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor treats a wound on an arm [20/05/2014] In addition to its known capacity to promote bleeding events, aspirin also inhibits wound healing. New research now describes how aspirin acts on key skin cells called keratinocytes, delaying skin repair at wound sites. A better understanding of this process offers hope for the development of drugs to encourage wounds to heal.Understanding aspirin's effect on wound healing offers hope for treating chronic wounds - Read more

Heart Disease: Aspirin or No Aspirin?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aspirin pills [15/05/2014] A study involving the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation shows that a simple test to measure plaque in the arteries of the heart may help doctors better determine who will and will not benefit from use of aspirin therapy to prevent heart disease.Heart Disease: Aspirin or No Aspirin? - Read more

Especially for Smokers: Early Menopause Ups Heart Failure Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sign reading Menopause [14/05/2014] Women who go through menopause early—at ages 40 to 45—have a higher rate of heart failure, according to a new study published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS). Smoking, current or past, raises the rate even more. Especially for Smokers: Early Menopause Ups Heart Failure Risk - Read more

Study: Low-fat Diet Helps Fatigue in People with MS

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Basket with fruits [09/05/2014] People with multiple sclerosis (MS) who for one year followed a plant-based diet very low in saturated fat had much less MS-related fatigue at the end of that year — and significantly less fatigue than a control group of people with MS who didn't follow the diet, according to an Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) study.Study: Low-fat Diet Helps Fatigue in People with MS - Read more

Women: New Software Aids Breast Cancer Risk Assessment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pink grafics of women with breast cancer [09/05/2014] Researchers of the Universitat Politècnica de València, in collaboration with the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Institute of Health Carlos III, ISCIII, in Spanish) and the Foundation for the Health and Biomedical Research of the Comunitat Valenciana (Fisabio), have developed DMScan, new software to aid breast cancer risk assessment. Women: New Software Aids Breast Cancer Risk Assessment - Read more

Women: Researchers Identify Potential New Strategy to Treat Ovarian Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ovaries [07/05/2014] Scientists studying cancerous tumour tissues in a laboratory believe they have identified a potential new strategy to treat ovarian cancer – which affects around 7,000 women in the UK each year.Women: Researchers Identify Potential New Strategy to Treat Ovarian Cancer - Read more

Research Sees Overlap: Genes Altered in Schizophrenia, Autism, Intellectual Disability

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genes [06/05/2014] A multinational team of scientists presents new evidence supporting the theory that in at least some cases of schizophrenia, autism and intellectual disability (ID), malfunctions in some of the same genes are contributing to pathology. Research Sees Overlap: Genes Altered in Schizophrenia, Autism, Intellectual Disability - Read more

Skin Cancer: Successful Blockade

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [06/05/2014] Using a new active substance, scientists from the University Hospital of Würzburg have managed to stop the growth of skin cancer cells. Further tests are now required to see whether this inhibitor can be used in treatment and whether it also has a growth-inhibiting effect on the tumor cells of other types of cancer. Skin Cancer: Successful Blockade - Read more

Duration And Severity: Diabetes Associated With Brain Atrophy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman injects insulin [05/05/2014] Type 2 diabetes may be associated with brain degeneration, according to a new multicenter study. The study also found that, contrary to common clinical belief, diabetes may not be directly associated with small vessel ischemic disease, where the brain does not receive enough oxygenated blood.Duration And Severity: Diabetes Associated With Brain Atrophy - Read more

Immune Cells: Low Cholesterol Slows HIV Progression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aids Sign [05/05/2014] Scientists at the University of Pittsburgh have identified why some HIV-infected people experience much slower disease progression, even without medication, and it has to do with cholesterol levels in specific immune cells.Immune Cells: Low Cholesterol Slows HIV Progression - Read more

Medical Apps: Functionality and Safety is Key

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/05/2014] Successful communication is most important in medicine. The most modern channels have been utilized in this area for quite some time now. Medical apps need to meet several requirements at once. For their use to pay off, they need to be beneficial for prevention or therapy. And to ensure a safe application, they also need to be both technically and medically flawless.Medical Apps: Functionality and Safety is Key - Read more

mHealth Alliance: “Mobile health has the potential to improve healthcare for millions”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/05/2014] Whether in remote areas or in a large city – people everywhere need good healthcare. Thanks to mobile health, more and more people can get medical help, even in poor regions of the world.mHealth Alliance: “Mobile health has the potential to improve healthcare for millions” - Read more

Mobile Assistance Systems: “The device automatically notifies if something isn’t right”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/05/2014] Staying active and mobile when you are old – who doesn’t want that? People suffering from dementia can often only dream about that. The fear of not finding your way back home or not getting any help in an emergency severally restricts many affected people in the way they live their lives. Yet there are many people, who could still independently participate in life despite mild dementia. Mobile Assistance Systems: “The device automatically notifies if something isn’t right” - Read more

Surgery: Patients Report High Satisfaction with Pain Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient having pain [02/05/2014] An international research group with members from the University of Basel, several EU countries, Israel and the USA, analyzed patient satisfaction with pain treatment after surgery.Surgery: Patients Report High Satisfaction with Pain Treatment - Read more

Infants: New Disease Gene for Early Infantile Epilepsy Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Structure of the HCN1 channel [30/04/2014] A severe form of epilepsy in infants is caused by hitherto unknown mutations of the HCN1 ion channel. The changes in the genetic material are de novo mutations, i. e. they are not present in the parents. This is reported by a German-French research team. Infants: New Disease Gene for Early Infantile Epilepsy Found - Read more

Long-Term Study: Midlife Occupational Physical Activity Limits Mobility in Old Age

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man carries wood [25/04/2014] Strenuous occupational physical activity in midlife increases the risk of mobility limitation in old age, whereas leisure-time physical activity decreases the risk. This is found in a study which followed up 5,200 public sector employees for 28 years. The study was conducted at the Gerontology Research Center in Finland and the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health.Long-Term Study: Midlife Occupational Physical Activity Limits Mobility in Old Age - Read more

Economy: How Clinics Can Ease Health Cost Burdens

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Stethoscope and money [24/04/2014] Health clinics that can provide primary care for low-income patients may ease the financial burden on both hospitals and insurance companies while improving patient health, researchers have concluded.Economy: How Clinics Can Ease Health Cost Burdens - Read more

AAL: Improving the Human-Robot Connection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with robot Charlie [23/04/2014] Researchers are programming robots to communicate with people using human-like body language and cues, an important step toward bringing robots into homes.AAL: Improving the Human-Robot Connection - Read more

Paraplegia: Spinal Stimulation Helps Four Patients Regain Voluntary Movement

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient moving his legs [22/04/2014] Four people with paraplegia are able to voluntarily move previously paralyzed muscles as a result of a novel therapy that involves electrical stimulation of the spinal cord, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes of Health and the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation.Paraplegia: Spinal Stimulation Helps Four Patients Regain Voluntary Movement - Read more

Physicians: Why Vitamin D Deficiency Diagnoses Surged

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vitamin D [17/04/2014] New research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center suggests that physicians are ordering vitamin D deficiency screening tests for preventive care purposes rather than after patients develop conditions caused by decreased bone density.Physicians: Why Vitamin D Deficiency Diagnoses Surged - Read more

New Methods: Tracking the HI Virus with High-resolution Microscopy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aidssign [11/04/2014] Experts from science and industry are working on new methods of microscopy and advancing microscopy technology to improve our ability to study and understand the molecular processes of HIV infection. New Methods: Tracking the HI Virus with High-resolution Microscopy - Read more

New Prediction Model: Patient Survival after Paracetamol-related Liver Failure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills [10/04/2014] In the UK paracetamol toxicity is the most common cause of ALF and has a high mortality rate. It is estimated that 150 to 200 deaths and 15 to 20 LTs occur as a result of poisoning each year in England and Wales. New Prediction Model: Patient Survival after Paracetamol-related Liver Failure - Read more

Anxiety: Health Workers Inadequately Trained to Treat Minority Ethnic Groups

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Question mark over people [09/04/2014] Health professionals are suffering from severe professional anxiety because they are being inadequately trained to treat minority ethnic groups – with their treatment often based on cultural stereotypes, research has found.Anxiety: Health Workers Inadequately Trained to Treat Minority Ethnic Groups - Read more

Epidemic in Europe: Researchers Map the Risks of New Virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word dengue from a newspaper [08/04/2014] The risk of dengue fever beginning to spread in Europe is imminent. According to researchers from Umeå University, this is no longer just an issue for the scientific community but also for politicians and policy makers, who need to be prepared and develop preventive measures.Epidemic in Europe: Researchers Map the Risks of New Virus - Read more

Tumor DNA: Blood Test Could Detect Solid Cancers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood [07/04/2014] A blood sample could one day be enough to diagnose many types of solid cancers, or to monitor the amount of cancer in a patient's body and responses to treatment. Previous versions of the approach, which relies on monitoring levels of tumor DNA circulating in the blood, have required cumbersome and time-consuming steps to customize it to each patient or have not been sufficiently sensitive.Tumor DNA: Blood Test Could Detect Solid Cancers - Read more

Hospital: Low ICU Staffing Levels Affect Patient Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: ICU [04/04/2014] Patients in Intensive Care have a better chance of survival if there are more doctors and nurses working on the unit, new research shows.Hospital: Low ICU Staffing Levels Affect Patient Survival - Read more

USA: 1 Billion Dollars Worth of Brain Scans for Headache Sufferers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Headache [02/04/2014] One in eight visits to a doctor for a headache or migraine end up with the patient going for a brain scan, at a total cost of about $1 billion a year, a new University of Michigan Medical School study finds.USA: 1 Billion Dollars Worth of Brain Scans for Headache Sufferers - Read more

Diabetes: Good Self-Management Helps to Reduce Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Sugar face [01/04/2014] People with type 2 diabetes who report good self-management behavior have a reduced mortality risk. This was the result of a population-based study conducted by scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München emphasizing the great importance of patient behavior in the diabetes treatment process.Diabetes: Good Self-Management Helps to Reduce Mortality - Read more

Humor: Cartoons to Cope with Chronic Conditions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cartoon [31/03/2014] Researchers from the University of Southampton have shown that cartoons could be a beneficial way of educating patients and empowering them to cope better with their long term conditions.Humor: Cartoons to Cope with Chronic Conditions - Read more

Stroke: Patients May Benefit from New Routines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Graphic of a head in slices [28/03/2014] "Having a stroke can be a devastating experience, and those affected by one often feel that their lives are turned upside down. For many patients, life after a stroke is therefore about reestablishing life as it was before the stroke. But this is very rarely possible and thus a source of frustration for stroke patients," says ethnologist Michael Andersen from University of Copenhagen.Stroke: Patients May Benefit from New Routines - Read more

Menkes Disease: Using PET Scanning to Evaluate Therapies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: PET image [27/03/2014] Scientists at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies have used PET imaging to visualize the distribution in the body of copper, which is deregulated in Menkes disease, a genetic disorder, using a mouse model. This study lays the groundwork for PET imaging studies on human Menkes disease patients to identify new therapy options.Menkes Disease: Using PET Scanning to Evaluate Therapies - Read more

Point-of-Need Analysis: Diagnosis on the Home Couch

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man making a blood sugar test at home [25/03/2014] Sakari Kulmala, Professor of Analytical Chemistry at Aalto University (Finland), is developing analytical equipment with applications ranging from health care to the identification of counterfeit products.Point-of-Need Analysis: Diagnosis on the Home Couch - Read more

Health from Space: "The secrets of an astronaut's health and fitness"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/03/2014] He is kind of a "Bones" McCoy, since he keeps astronauts fit: Dr. Simon Evetts leads the Medical Projects and Technology team within the Medical Support Office of the European Astronauts Centre in Cologne, Germany. MEDICA.de talked to him about sports in universe, space technology and the benefits for us earthlings.Health from Space: "The secrets of an astronaut's health and fitness" - Read more

Alzheimer’s: How a Small Worm May Help the Fight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blue Roundworm [19/03/2014] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Biology of Ageing in Cologne have found that a naturally occurring molecule has the ability to enhance defense mechanisms against neurodegenerative diseases. Feeding this particular metabolite to the small roundworm C. elegans helps clear toxic protein aggregates in the body and extends life span. Alzheimer’s: How a Small Worm May Help the Fight - Read more

Prostate Cancer: PSA-testing and Early Treatment Decrease Risk of Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Old patient and doctor [18/03/2014] Mortality in prostate cancer is lower in areas with frequent use of PSA testing compared with areas with little testing shows a study published online today in Journal of the National Cancer Institute by researchers from Umeå University, Sweden and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.Prostate Cancer: PSA-testing and Early Treatment Decrease Risk of Death - Read more

Emergencies: Trauma Center Closures Increase Odds of Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ambulance [17/03/2014] Injured patients who live near trauma centers that have closed have higher odds of dying once they reach a hospital, according to a new analysis by UC San Francisco researchers.Emergencies: Trauma Center Closures Increase Odds of Death - Read more

Hepatitis C: Gene Variants Protect Against Relapse

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hepatitis virus [14/03/2014] Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, have identified a gene, which explains why certain patients with chronic hepatitis C do not experience relapse after treatment. The discovery may contribute to more effective treatment.Hepatitis C: Gene Variants Protect Against Relapse - Read more

Psychology: New Gene for Bipolar Disorder Discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: In the lab [13/03/2014] Under the direction of scientists from the University of Bonn Hospital, the Central Institute of Mental Health of Mannheim and the University of Basel Hospital, an international collaboration of researchers discovered two new gene regions which are connected with the prevalent disease.Psychology: New Gene for Bipolar Disorder Discovered - Read more

Brain Scans: Plaques Forecast Cognitive Impairment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain images [12/03/2014] Brain imaging using radioactive dye can detect early evidence of Alzheimer's disease that may predict future cognitive decline among adults with mild or no cognitive impairment, according to a 36-month follow-up study led by Duke Medicine.Brain Scans: Plaques Forecast Cognitive Impairment - Read more

Smoking: Smokers' Brains Biased Against Negative Images

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smoking [11/03/2014] What if the use of a product influenced your perception of it, making you even more susceptible to its positive aspects and altering your understanding of its drawbacks? This is precisely what happens with cigarettes in chronic smokers, according to a recent study by the Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal and Université de Montréal.Smoking: Smokers' Brains Biased Against Negative Images - Read more

Alzheimer's: Blood Test Identifies Those At-risk for Cognitive Decline

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood test [10/03/2014] Researchers have discovered and validated a blood test that can predict with greater than 90 percent accuracy if a healthy person will develop mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease within three years.Alzheimer's: Blood Test Identifies Those At-risk for Cognitive Decline - Read more

Waiting for a Donor Heart: Motion Prolongs Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient and doctors [07/03/2014] For many people with advanced cardiac insufficiency, a heart transplant may be their only hope. But waiting for a donor heart to come along is a race against time. Patients who remain active and stay in good shape psychologically can significantly increase their chances of surviving this period.Waiting for a Donor Heart: Motion Prolongs Survival - Read more

Prostate Cancer: Cholesterol-metabolism as a New Treatment Approach

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Image [06/03/2014] Researchers have discovered a link between prostate cancer aggressiveness and a compound called cholesteryl ester accumulated in lipid droplets inside single cancer cells, findings that could bring new diagnostic and treatment methods.Prostate Cancer: Cholesterol-metabolism as a New Treatment Approach - Read more

Vision: Off with Your Glasses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Glasses [06/03/2014] Researchers of Tel Aviv University's Goldschleger Eye Research Institute have discovered new evidence that correlates crowding in the fovea — a small part of the retina responsible for sharp vision — and the brain's processing speed. These findings could greatly alter earlier models of visual crowding, which emphasized peripheral impairment exclusively.Vision: Off with Your Glasses - Read more

Healthcare: Promise of Value-based Payments in Remains Unproven

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient and doctor [05/03/2014] After a decade of experimentation with reforms that give health providers financial incentives to improve performance, relatively little is known about how to best execute such strategies or judge their success, according to a new RAND Corporation report.Healthcare: Promise of Value-based Payments in Remains Unproven - Read more

Seminars for Physicians: “Physicians are obligated to continue their education for the safety of their patients“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/03/2014] Continuing education is an integral part of the medical profession, because research continuously delivers new findings that sooner or later make their way into patient treatments. How does an event need to be organized to provide the highest level of benefit for the participants? MEDICA.de spoke with Eva Ningel, Managing Director for beta seminare bonn berlin GmbH (bsbb). Seminars for Physicians: “Physicians are obligated to continue their education for the safety of their patients“ - Read more

Half a Kilo: Strawberries Lower Cholesterol

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Strawberries [28/02/2014] A team of volunteers ate half a kilo of strawberries a day for a month to see whether it altered their blood parameters in any way. At the end of this unusual treatment, their levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides reduced significantly, according to the analyses conducted by Italian and Spanish scientists.Half a Kilo: Strawberries Lower Cholesterol - Read more

Research: Fructose Not Responsible for Increase in Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Liver [27/02/2014] Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common chronic liver disease in developed countries, affecting up to 30 per cent of their populations. Research: Fructose Not Responsible for Increase in Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - Read more

Acetic Acid: Vinegar Kills Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vinegar pouring over a spoon [27/02/2014] The active ingredient in vinegar, acetic acid, can effectively kill mycobacteria, even highly drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an international team of researchers from Venezuela, France, and the US.Acetic Acid: Vinegar Kills Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacteria - Read more

European Hospitals: Better Nurse Staffing and Education Reduces Patient Deaths

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Word Nurse [26/02/2014] The results of a study in 9 European countries is documenting that hospital nurse staffing and the proportion of nurses with bachelor’s education are associated with significantly fewer deaths after common surgery.European Hospitals: Better Nurse Staffing and Education Reduces Patient Deaths - Read more

Study: Hypnosis Therapy Shown to Decrease Fatigue Levels in Breast Cancer Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sign reading Hypnosis [20/02/2014] Breast cancer patients receiving radiotherapy showed decreased fatigue as a result of cognitive behavioral therapy plus hypnosis (CBTH), according to a study. Study: Hypnosis Therapy Shown to Decrease Fatigue Levels in Breast Cancer Patients - Read more

Assisted Suicide: Women More Likely to Receive Help Than Men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two female hands holding each other [20/02/2014] Organisations involved in assisted suicide help women die more frequently than men. In addition, those living alone, the divorced and well-educated people make above-average use of assisted suicide. This has been demonstrated by a study supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF).Assisted Suicide: Women More Likely to Receive Help Than Men - Read more

Resourcefulness: How Moms with Children on Life-Sustaining Devices Stay Healthy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Familiy with five children [19/02/2014] Moms of children on life-sustaining devices embrace tips for managing over-stressed lives, CWRU pilot study finds.Resourcefulness: How Moms with Children on Life-Sustaining Devices Stay Healthy - Read more

Implant: Metal in the Heart is Non-hazardous to Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An occluder [19/02/2014] Materials Scientists at the University of Jena examined implants made of nickel-titanium alloy in a long-term study.Implant: Metal in the Heart is Non-hazardous to Health - Read more

High Cholesterol: Deciding about Options to Statins Together

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor and patient [17/02/2014] Clinicians and patients should use shared decision-making to select individualized treatments based on the new guidelines to prevent cardiovascular disease, according to a Mayo Clinic physician.High Cholesterol: Deciding about Options to Statins Together - Read more

Blood Flow: New Imaging Technique Can Diagnose Common Heart Condition

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Graphic of blood [14/02/2014] A new imaging technique for measuring blood flow in the heart and vessels can diagnose a common congenital heart abnormality, bicuspid aortic valve, and may lead to better prediction of complications. Blood Flow: New Imaging Technique Can Diagnose Common Heart Condition - Read more

UK: Thatcher's Policies Condemned for Causing 'Unjust Premature Death'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Union Jack, Red Bus, Signs of London [13/02/2014] Dr Alex Scott-Samuel and colleagues from the Universities of Durham, West of Scotland, Glasgow and Edinburgh, sourced data from over 70 existing research papers, which concludes that the former prime minister's legacy "includes the unnecessary and unjust premature death of many British citizens, together with a substantial and continuing burden of suffering and loss of well-being."UK: Thatcher's Policies Condemned for Causing 'Unjust Premature Death' - Read more

Study: Detection of Down Syndrome during Pregnancy Improves for Younger Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl with Down Syndrome [12/02/2014] New figures from the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register (NDSCR) based at Queen Mary University of London, reveal the proportion of Down syndrome cases diagnosed antenatally has increased in younger women. Furthermore, Down syndrome diagnoses are occurring earlier in pregnancy for women of all ages.Study: Detection of Down Syndrome during Pregnancy Improves for Younger Women - Read more

Medical Devices: High-Tech Prosthetics and Orthotics Offer Active Life-Style

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with prosthesis running [12/02/2014] Thanks to advanced technologies, those who wear prosthetic and orthotic devices are now able to break previous activity boundaries. People with amputations now have prosthetic devices that allow them to engage in and function more effectively in a wider range of daily activities, exercise, sports, and even extreme sports, such as long-distance snowshoeing and ice climbing.Medical Devices: High-Tech Prosthetics and Orthotics Offer Active Life-Style - Read more

New Chip: Cochlear Implants With No Exterior Hardware

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with magnifying glass [11/02/2014] Researchers at MIT's Microsystems Technology Laboratory (MTL), together with physicians from Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary (MEEI), have developed a new, low-power signal-processing chip that could lead to a cochlear implant that requires no external hardware. The implant would be wirelessly recharged and would run for about eight hours on each charge.New Chip: Cochlear Implants With No Exterior Hardware - Read more

Genome Sequence: Scientists Invent Advanced Approach to Identify New Drug Candidates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Chemical structure [11/02/2014] In research that could ultimately lead to many new medicines, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a potentially general approach to design drugs from genome sequence. As a proof of principle, they identified a highly potent compound that causes cancer cells to attack themselves and die.Genome Sequence: Scientists Invent Advanced Approach to Identify New Drug Candidates - Read more

Study: Seven New Genetic Regions Linked to Type 2 Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with syringe [10/02/2014] Seven new genetic regions associated with type 2 diabetes have been identified in the largest study to date of the genetic basis of the disease.Study: Seven New Genetic Regions Linked to Type 2 Diabetes - Read more

Medical Tourists: Oversea Treatment without Sufficient Knowledge

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Plane [05/02/2014] A team of researchers has found that British people travelling abroad for medical treatment are often unaware of the potential health and financial consequences they could face.Medical Tourists: Oversea Treatment without Sufficient Knowledge - Read more

Radiology and Technology: "Numerous phantom studies have been conducted that prove the advantages of this new CT system"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/02/2014] Radiologists usually do their work after oncologists when it comes to cancer treatment. Yet modern radiology also provides treatments at this point. MEDICA.de spoke with Professor Stefan Schönberg, Director of the Institute of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine at the University Medical Center Mannheim, Germany, about the use of a new computer tomograph and its benefits for patients.Radiology and Technology: "Numerous phantom studies have been conducted that prove the advantages of this new CT system" - Read more

Brain Doping: New Interdisciplinary Research Group

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Network [31/01/2014] The transfer of knowledge on pharmacological neuroenhancement has become the focus of a new interdisciplinary research group at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU). Brain Doping: New Interdisciplinary Research Group - Read more

Hospital: New Data Contradict Current Recommendations for Management of Breast Biopsy Abnormalities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Graphic of woman with lost breast [30/01/2014] Contrary to existing understanding, long-term follow-up of patients with two types of breast tissue abnormalities suggests that both types of abnormalities have the same potential to progress to breast cancer, according to a new study. Findings from this study could improve clinical management of patients with breast tissue abnormalities.Hospital: New Data Contradict Current Recommendations for Management of Breast Biopsy Abnormalities - Read more

China: Reliance on Lower-paid Contract Nurses May Compromise Patient Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse [30/01/2014] Economic and health system reforms in China in recent decades have dramatically reduced the number of traditional hospital nursing jobs, known as "bianzhi" or "iron rice bowl" positions, which are guaranteed for life. China: Reliance on Lower-paid Contract Nurses May Compromise Patient Care - Read more

Baldness: Converting Adult Human Cells to Hair-follicle-generating Stem Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hair shafts [29/01/2014] If the content of many a situation comedy, not to mention late-night TV advertisements, is to be believed, there's an epidemic of balding men, and an intense desire to fix their follicular deficiencies. Baldness: Converting Adult Human Cells to Hair-follicle-generating Stem Cells - Read more

Cancer: Cracks in the Cellular Transport System Can Be Key to a New Generation of Therapies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microtubules [29/01/2014] Researchers from Warwick Medical School have discovered a critical point of failure in the microscopic transport system that operates inside every cell in the human body.Cancer: Cracks in the Cellular Transport System Can Be Key to a New Generation of Therapies - Read more

Coaching: Researchers Motivate Diabetics to Adopt Healthy Lifestyle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mouth with toothbrush [28/01/2014] By means of so-called health coaching, researchers at the University of Copenhagen have helped a large group of diabetics to markedly improve their oral health. The patients assume responsibility for their own bodies and boost their self-efficacy through motivational health coaching, taking a different approach to conventional health campaigns and one-way communication. Coaching: Researchers Motivate Diabetics to Adopt Healthy Lifestyle - Read more

Multiple Sclerosis: Boosting Vitamin D Could Slow Progression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sun in the sky [27/01/2014] A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden finds that testing for human papilloma virus (HPV) allows for longer time between screening tests when compared to cytology-based testing.Multiple Sclerosis: Boosting Vitamin D Could Slow Progression - Read more

Birth: How Much Does it Cost to Have a Baby in a Hospital?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby in a suit holding a dollar [17/01/2014] Women giving birth in California can face a huge cost difference in their hospital bills, according to a new UC San Francisco study. Birth: How Much Does it Cost to Have a Baby in a Hospital? - Read more

Technical Devices: The Cyborgs Era Has Started

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Human hand touches robot hand [15/01/2014] Medical implants, complex interfaces between brain and machine or remotely controlled insects: Recent developments combining machines and organisms have great potentials, but also give rise to major ethical concerns.Technical Devices: The Cyborgs Era Has Started - Read more

“Gender-specific adjustments in clinical diagnostics and therapy can be expected”

[15/01/2014] In Western civilization, equality of women and men has been a topic for many years and is already being successfully implemented in many areas, even if many obstacles still need to be overcome – the introduction of quotas for women in boardrooms, just to mention one of them. “Gender-specific adjustments in clinical diagnostics and therapy can be expected” - Read more

Study: Gene Variation Associated With Brain Atrophy in Mild Cognitive Impairment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain Scan [14/01/2014] The presence of a gene variant in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is associated with accelerated rates of brain atrophy, according to a new study.Study: Gene Variation Associated With Brain Atrophy in Mild Cognitive Impairment - Read more

Study: At-home Test Can Spot Early Alzheimer's

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Test [13/01/2014] The Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination (SAGE test), which takes less than 15 minutes to complete, is a reliable tool for evaluating cognitive abilities, say researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. Study: At-home Test Can Spot Early Alzheimer's - Read more

Medical Devices: Improving Prosthetics for Soldiers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Soldier [13/01/2014] Walter Voit, assistant professor of materials science and engineering and mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at Dallas, has been awarded $1 million to create medical devices that will lead to greater control of prosthetics in wounded soldiers.Medical Devices: Improving Prosthetics for Soldiers - Read more

Contagious Heart Disease: "The Virus Manipulates the Host Cell on Different Levels"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/01/2014] Heart diseases can be triggered by special viruses that affect the cardiac muscle. Preventive drugs could definitely be developed – if the virus does not mutate. Contagious Heart Disease: "The Virus Manipulates the Host Cell on Different Levels" - Read more

Study Approach: Surgical Trials Mean More Safety in the Operating Room

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2014] Whether a surgical suture is better applied manually or with a surgical stapler can be determined through trial and error. Determining which method guarantees patient safety best should also not just be based on a surgeon’s experience. Controlled studies are the method of choice to assess both well-proven and new techniques in the operating room. Study Approach: Surgical Trials Mean More Safety in the Operating Room - Read more

Breast Cancer Risk: Angelina Jolie's Preventive Mastectomy Raised Awareness, But Not Knowledge

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Oliver Stone, Angelina Jolie and Colin Farrell [19/12/2013] Angelina Jolie heightened awareness about breast cancer when she announced in a New York Times op-ed that she had undergone a preventive double mastectomy. But a study led by researchers in the University of Maryland School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health reveals that Jolie's story did not unfortunately translate into increased understanding of breast cancer risk. Breast Cancer Risk: Angelina Jolie's Preventive Mastectomy Raised Awareness, But Not Knowledge - Read more

Promising: Personalized Vaccine for Most Lethal Type of Brain Tumor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain tumor [18/12/2013] Patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated with an experimental vaccine made from the patient's own resected tumor tissue showed an improved survival compared with historical patients who received the standard of care alone, according to an analysis of a phase 2 trial of this vaccine.Promising: Personalized Vaccine for Most Lethal Type of Brain Tumor - Read more

Biological Tissues: Revolutionary Method for Gluing Gels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Gluing gel [18/12/2013] Researchers have discovered an efficient and easy-to-use method for bonding together gels and biological tissues. Biological Tissues: Revolutionary Method for Gluing Gels - Read more

Brain: Chemical Ratios Help Predict Developmental Delays in Preterm Infants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain of infant [17/12/2013] Researchers have identified a potential biomarker for predicting whether a premature infant is at high risk for motor development problems, according to a new study.Brain: Chemical Ratios Help Predict Developmental Delays in Preterm Infants - Read more

Sleeping Sickness: Silencing Signals Sent by Parasite Could Aid Fight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Image of parasite [16/12/2013] A new discovery by scientists could help combat the spread of sleeping sickness.Sleeping Sickness: Silencing Signals Sent by Parasite Could Aid Fight - Read more

Health System: Broader Health Insurance Linked to Better Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Waiting room [13/12/2013] Compared with other New England states, health status and preventive care improved in Massachusetts after reform - especially for poor and near-poor.Health System: Broader Health Insurance Linked to Better Care - Read more

Cancer: Large Differences in Survival between European Countries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: People [10/12/2013] Cancer survival still varies widely between European countries despite major improvements in cancer diagnosis and treatment during the first decade of the 21st century, according to the latest EUROCARE-5 reports covering over 50% of the adult and 77% of the childhood population of Europe. Cancer: Large Differences in Survival between European Countries - Read more

Hospital Construction: “Single rooms are private and at the same time efficient”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/12/2013] Are hospital patients merely cured by medicine? Or does maybe architecture support the healing, too? A hospital does not have to be built like a typical hospital: Its planning can enable patients to access family, privacy and normalcy. Fears are taken away from the patient and the process of healing is supported.Hospital Construction: “Single rooms are private and at the same time efficient” - Read more

New Online Platform: The Oracle of the T Cell

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:Virtual T-Cell [06/12/2013] A new online platform predicts how the human immune system reacts to foreign substances.New Online Platform: The Oracle of the T Cell - Read more

Hospital: Geriatric Care May Help Older Patients after Car Accident

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elderly patient and doctor [05/12/2013] Older patients who received extra geriatric care following a traumatic injury were able to return to roughly two thirds more daily activities than those without a consultation, according to a new study led by researchers from the University of Michigan Health System and University of California, Los Angeles.Hospital: Geriatric Care May Help Older Patients after Car Accident - Read more

Cancer: Researchers Find Shape-shifting Stops Migrating Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fried Egg [05/12/2013] Like a car with a front and back end, a steering mechanism and an engine to push it forward, cancer cells propel themselves through normal tissues and organs to spread cancer throughout the body. Researchers at Mayo Clinic in Florida have managed to turn these cells into shapes like a round fried egg and an exaggerated starfish that sticks out in many directions — both of which cannot now move.Cancer: Researchers Find Shape-shifting Stops Migrating Cells - Read more

South Africa: Study Highlights Massive Benefits of HIV Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Map of africa and pills [04/12/2013] Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the treatment of HIV infection has saved 2.8 million years of life in South Africa since 2004 and is projected to save an additional 15.1 million years of life by 2030, according to a new study. South Africa: Study Highlights Massive Benefits of HIV Treatment - Read more

Living With Chronic Pain: The Daily Struggle With a ‘New self’

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man holding his neck in pain [03/12/2013] A new study, funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Services and Delivery Research (HS&DR) Programme, systematically searches for, and makes sense of, the growing body of qualitative research on musculoskeletal pain to help understand the experiences of patients suffering from chronic pain.Living With Chronic Pain: The Daily Struggle With a ‘New self’ - Read more

Children: Air Pollution and Genetics Combine to Increase Risk for Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Text Autism [02/12/2013] Exposure to air pollution appears to increase the risk for autism among people who carry a genetic disposition for the neurodevelopmental disorder, according to newly published research led by scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC).Children: Air Pollution and Genetics Combine to Increase Risk for Autism - Read more

Virtual training: "Students gladly accept the flexible learning option"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2013] Instead of just sitting in front of a microscope, Bavarian medical students now also sit at the computer and categorize different tissue types. This is made possible by a project between the Universities and the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS. MEDICA.de spoke with Associate Professor Thomas Wittenberg about the benefits of virtual training.Virtual training: "Students gladly accept the flexible learning option" - Read more

"The way things currently look, red tape will increase even more"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/11/2013] The current revision of the Medical Devices Regulation in Brussels will not please everyone. The rearrangement is too confusing, the rules are far too complicated for everyday work, the persons concerned say. The real goal, to improve the patients safety, would not be reached. MEDICA.de spoke with Jan Wolter, Head of Medical Technology, SPECTARIS German Hightech Industry Association."The way things currently look, red tape will increase even more" - Read more

Disabilities: NIH Funds Development of Novel Robots to Assist People

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Robotic ankle exoskeleton control [22/11/2013] Three projects have been awarded funding by the National Institutes of Health to develop innovative robots that work cooperatively with people and adapt to changing environments to improve human capabilities and enhance medical procedures. Disabilities: NIH Funds Development of Novel Robots to Assist People - Read more

Early Data: Potential of Investigational Bioengineered Vessel as Dialysis Graft

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vessel [22/11/2013] An investigational, man-made blood vessel used in vascular grafts for kidney dialysis patients may potentially show encouraging early results among study patients in Poland, according to preliminary data reported Wednesday by a researcher at Duke Medicine.Early Data: Potential of Investigational Bioengineered Vessel as Dialysis Graft - Read more

Breast Biopsy: Age Affects Short-term Quality of Life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with pink top [21/11/2013] More than 500,000 women in the U.S. have a breast biopsy each year. In the percutaneous method, a physician uses a needle to remove several small samples from the area of interest for pathological analysis. Percutaneous biopsies are associated with fewer complications than the surgical approach, but there are still significant short-term side effects, including pain and emotional distress.Breast Biopsy: Age Affects Short-term Quality of Life - Read more

'Virtual Reality Hands': Helping Stroke Survivors to Recover Hand Function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hands [20/11/2013] "Virtual reality hands" — controlled by stroke survivors' thoughts — could help them recover use of their hands and arms, according to a small study. 'Virtual Reality Hands': Helping Stroke Survivors to Recover Hand Function - Read more

Children: Researchers Identify Main Genes Responsible for Asthma Attacks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with asthma [18/11/2013] An international team has identified the genes that put some children at particularly high risk of serious asthma attacks, including one not previously suspected of being implicated in the disease. In the long term, these new findings are expected to help improve treatment options for the disease, which represents a high cost for families and society alike.Children: Researchers Identify Main Genes Responsible for Asthma Attacks - Read more

Sore Throat: New Test Cuts Antibiotic Use by Nearly a Third

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sore throat [12/11/2013] A new 'clinical score' test for patients with sore throats could reduce the amount of antibiotics prescribed and result in patients feeling better more quickly.Sore Throat: New Test Cuts Antibiotic Use by Nearly a Third - Read more

eHealth Tools: A Way to Decrease In-Person Physician Visits

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphone Use [11/11/2013] Will the growing use of health information technology (IT) and electronic-health (e-health) applications impact the future demand for physicians? Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health think so.eHealth Tools: A Way to Decrease In-Person Physician Visits - Read more

Public Health: Better Tests Needed to Improve Patient Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Petri dishes [08/11/2013] Despite advances in diagnostic technology, there is an urgent need for tests that are easy to use, identify the bug causing an infection and provide results faster than current tests, according to a report from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). Public Health: Better Tests Needed to Improve Patient Care - Read more

Genetic Pathway: Conduit to Pediatric Tumor Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with no hair smiling [07/11/2013] Investigators at Johns Hopkins have found a known genetic pathway to be active in many difficult-to-treat pediatric brain tumors called low-grade gliomas, potentially offering a new target for the treatment of these cancers.Genetic Pathway: Conduit to Pediatric Tumor Treatment - Read more

African Sleeping Sickness: New Treatment Comes Closer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Graphic [06/11/2013] Researchers at Umeå University have identified drugs targeting infections of the parasite Trypanosoma brucei and are thereby well on the way to find a cure against African sleeping sickness.African Sleeping Sickness: New Treatment Comes Closer - Read more

Type 2 Diabetes: Optimal Care with Obesity

Photo: Prof. Schepp [06/11/2013] Diabetes mellitus type 2 is among the so-called “lifestyle“ diseases. According to the World Health Organization WHO, 347 million people worldwide are living with diabetes. Ninety percent of them have type 2 diabetes.Type 2 Diabetes: Optimal Care with Obesity - Read more

Endometriosis: Risk Linked to 2 Pesticides

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman holding her stomach in pain [05/11/2013] A study, led by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, has found that two organochlorine pesticides are associated with an increased risk of endometriosis, a condition that affects up to 10 percent of reproductive-age women. Endometriosis: Risk Linked to 2 Pesticides - Read more

Hybrid Operating Rooms: There Isn’t Just One Solution

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/11/2013] As minimally invasive as possible – that is how today’s surgeries are supposed to be. This is also often possible thanks to modern image converters, whether this pertains to heart or herniated disc surgery. Hybrid Operating Rooms: There Isn’t Just One Solution - Read more

MEDINE by LUG: Perfect Over-Head Lighting System for Medical Interiors

[04/11/2013] Hospitals, clinics and other medical points are adapting to the new attitude in the healthcare policy – patientcentric model forces the owners of the medical care institutions to modernize the equipment and use only the latest technologies to ensure high standard of healthcare services.MEDINE by LUG: Perfect Over-Head Lighting System for Medical Interiors - Read more

HPV Vaccine: One Dose May Be Enough to Prevent Cervical Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Syringe [04/11/2013] Women vaccinated with one dose of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine had antibodies against the viruses that remained stable in their blood for four years, suggesting that a single dose of vaccine may be sufficient to generate long-term immune responses and protection against new HPV infections, and ultimately cervical cancer, according to a new study.HPV Vaccine: One Dose May Be Enough to Prevent Cervical Cancer - Read more

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Timely Treatment Reduces Disability 2 Years Out

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Joints [31/10/2013] Delaying treatment for rheumatoid arthritis could greatly increase the likelihood that patients will suffer joint damage and experience disability two years out, according to a new study from Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City.Rheumatoid Arthritis: Timely Treatment Reduces Disability 2 Years Out - Read more

Survey: Doctors Face Moral Dilemmas in Health Care System

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dilemma [29/10/2013] A survey among rheumatologists finds many face moral dilemmas when trying to do what is best for their patients in the current health care environment.Survey: Doctors Face Moral Dilemmas in Health Care System - Read more

PET: Pain Processes in Tennis Elbow Illuminated

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Imaging tennis elbow [29/10/2013] Physiological processes in soft tissue pain such as chronic tennis elbow can be explored using diagnostic imaging methods. This is demonstrated by researchers from Uppsala University.PET: Pain Processes in Tennis Elbow Illuminated - Read more

Portable Vision Screening Devices: Accurately Identify Vision Problems in Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Infant with glasses [25/10/2013] Portable screening devices allow pediatricians to successfully screen children for vision problems, including amblyopia, according to an abstract presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference and Exhibition.Portable Vision Screening Devices: Accurately Identify Vision Problems in Children - Read more

Study: Increased Life Expectancy among Family Caregivers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two women [24/10/2013] Contradicting long-standing conventional wisdom, results of an analysis of data previously gathered on more than 3,000 family caregivers suggests that those who assist a chronically ill or disabled family member enjoy an 18 percent survival advantage compared to statistically matched non-caregivers.Study: Increased Life Expectancy among Family Caregivers - Read more

Clinical Trials: Successful Strategy to Expand Patient Participation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient in Hospital [24/10/2013] Clinical trials are key to finding new cancer treatments, but with patient participation hovering around 5 percent, new strategies are needed to boost enrollment, particularly to study the rare cancers that have so few cases.Clinical Trials: Successful Strategy to Expand Patient Participation - Read more

Flu Shot: Halve Risk Of Heart Attack or Stroke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccine [23/10/2013] The flu vaccine may not only ward off serious complications from influenza, it may also reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke by more than 50 per cent among those who have had a heart attack, according to new research led by Dr. Jacob Udell, a cardiologist at Women's College Hospital and clinician-scientist at the University of Toronto. Flu Shot: Halve Risk Of Heart Attack or Stroke - Read more

Colon Cancer: Screening Guidelines May Miss 10 Percent

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Colon Cancer [23/10/2013] For people with a family history of adenomas (colon polyps that lead to colon cancer), up to 10 percent of colorectal cancers could be missed when current national screening guidelines are followed. Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States and the second deadliest.Colon Cancer: Screening Guidelines May Miss 10 Percent - Read more

“We established a professionally independent, transparent quality oncology audit”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/10/2013] Quality improvement and management play an ever-increasing role in medicine. This affects not only patient safety, but also the treatment process. The independent certification of a treatment network is a tool to raise the success of treatments. It also creates a positive image in the eyes of patients and healthcare payers.“We established a professionally independent, transparent quality oncology audit” - Read more

Pertussis: Teen Vaccinations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with doctor [21/10/2013] Widespread vaccination of adolescents for pertussis was associated with lower rates of infant hospitalizations for the respiratory infection than would have been expected had teens not been inoculated according to new research.Pertussis: Teen Vaccinations - Read more

Emergency: Minority of Stroke Victims Sees Doctor Soon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ticking clock [15/10/2013] In a study of over 270 patients newly diagnosed with minor strokes or transient ischaemic attack (TIA), only a minority sought medical help within the timeframe recommended by the Royal College of Physicians.Emergency: Minority of Stroke Victims Sees Doctor Soon - Read more

Narcolepsy: How the Muscles Accidentally Fall Asleep

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man sleeping [11/10/2013] Scientists at the University of Toronto shed light on the brain mechanisms behind a debilitating sleep disorder.Narcolepsy: How the Muscles Accidentally Fall Asleep - Read more

Quality of Life: Bone Care for the Postmenopausal Woman

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman talking to a doctor [10/10/2013] According to a report published by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), women may expect to live longer but their quality of life will be jeopardized if action to protect their bone health is not taken. Quality of Life: Bone Care for the Postmenopausal Woman - Read more

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Resistant to Drug Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Collage of medical topics [09/10/2013] Cancer researchers of the Max Delbrück Center Berlin-Buch, have identified a molecular mechanism of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) that causes the disease to progress and become resistant to drug treatment. In a study, Doctor Marina and Professor Achim Leutz report that these two processes in CML are directly associated with each other due to crosstalk between two cellular signaling pathways. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Resistant to Drug Treatment - Read more

Use of Evidence-based Behavioral Strategies: Evaluating Mobile Weight Loss Apps

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with a huge belly [08/10/2013] In a new study published by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, UMass Medical School behavioral psychologist and weight loss expert Doctor Sherry Pagoto, and colleagues find that mobile apps to help people lose weight are lacking when it comes to strategies for changing behaviors. Use of Evidence-based Behavioral Strategies: Evaluating Mobile Weight Loss Apps - Read more

Pregnancy: Effect of Air Pollution and Psychological Distress

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnant Woman [07/10/2013] Maternal psychological distress combined with exposure to air pollution during pregnancy have an adverse impact on the child's behavioural development, according to researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health. Pregnancy: Effect of Air Pollution and Psychological Distress - Read more

Molecules: Promise for New Anti-flu Medicines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Chemical compound [04/10/2013] A new way to attack flu viruses is taking shape in laboratories at Rutgers University, where scientists have identified chemical agents that block the virus's ability to replicate itself in cell culture.Molecules: Promise for New Anti-flu Medicines - Read more

Complex Diseases: New Genetic Map

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Complex Diseases [02/10/2013] Now, scientists from the University of Chicago have created one of the most expansive analyses to date of the genetic factors at play in complex diseases—by using diseases with known genetic causes to guide them.Complex Diseases: New Genetic Map - Read more

Infections: Specialists Save Lives and Money

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cough [30/09/2013] Study finds patients benefit from improved outcomes and shorter hospital stays when a specialist for infectious diseases is involved in treatment for severe infections.Infections: Specialists Save Lives and Money - Read more

Drugs: First Real-Time Detector For IV Delivery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Detector [26/09/2013] Today, computerized smart systems can deliver drugs intravenously in exact volumes to hospital patients. However, these systems cannot recognize which medications are in the tubing nor can they determine the concentration of the drug in the tubing.Drugs: First Real-Time Detector For IV Delivery - Read more

Type 1 Diabetes: New Islet Cell Transplant Procedure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Diabetes [26/09/2013] The latest approach to islet transplantation, in which clusters of insulin-producing cells known as islets are transplanted from a donor pancreas into another person's liver, has produced substantially improved results for patients with type 1 diabetes.Type 1 Diabetes: New Islet Cell Transplant Procedure - Read more

Stress: Great Strain for Parents with Chronically Ill Child

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Ill Child [25/09/2013] The extra demands on parents of chronically ill children cause stress that affects the whole family, according to a systematic review conducted by Case Western Reserve University researchers that also explored what factors in the child's care most contribute to the added strain.Stress: Great Strain for Parents with Chronically Ill Child - Read more

Blood Pressure: Automated Telephone Calls Improve Control

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Telephone [17/09/2013] Patients who received automated telephone calls inviting them to get their blood pressure checked at a walk-in clinic were more likely to have controlled hypertension than patients who did not receive calls.Blood Pressure: Automated Telephone Calls Improve Control - Read more

Antibiotics: New Strategy Could Reduce Inappropriate Use

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Antibiotics [10/09/2013] Researchers have developed a new strategy for prescribing antibiotics that could reduce patient harm and help combat the rise in antibiotic resistance.Antibiotics: New Strategy Could Reduce Inappropriate Use - Read more

Heart: Finger's Pulse to Measure Stiffness in the Aorta

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aortas [06/09/2013] A University of Iowa physiologist has a new technique to measure the stiffness of the aorta, a common risk factor for heart disease. And it can be as simple as measuring the pulse in your finger.Heart: Finger's Pulse to Measure Stiffness in the Aorta - Read more

Cataract: People After Surgery Live Longer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient [06/09/2013] People with cataract-related vision loss who have had cataract surgery to improve their sight are living longer than those with visual impairment who chose not to have the procedure, according to an Australian cohort study.Cataract: People After Surgery Live Longer - Read more

HIV: Predicting Treatment Response More Accurately

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient [03/09/2013] A new statistical model calculates the genetic evolution of the HI virus in individual patients. Knowing the possible evolutionary paths allows for more accurate predictions if the AIDS pathogen is likely to develop a resistance to a drug and thus if the treatment is likely to become ineffective in a specific patient.HIV: Predicting Treatment Response More Accurately - Read more

Finances: Chronic Illness and Food Insecurity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Salad [02/09/2013] Research findings provide direct evidence that people with chronic diseases are more likely to be food insecure - that is suffering from inadequate, insecure access to food as a result of financial constraints.Finances: Chronic Illness and Food Insecurity - Read more

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Nurses Manage the Disease Well

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse and patient [29/08/2013] Patients attending clinical nurse specialist clinics do not get inferior treatment to that offered by consultant rheumatologists, the results of a major new clinical trial have revealed.Rheumatoid Arthritis: Nurses Manage the Disease Well - Read more

Heart Attacks: Drug Dosing for Older Patients Should Differ

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills [20/08/2013] Older heart patients present unique challenges for determining the optimal dosages of medications. A new study from researchers at Duke Medicine offers some clarity about the use of drugs that are used to treat patients with heart attacks.Heart Attacks: Drug Dosing for Older Patients Should Differ - Read more

Blood: Risk Calculator for Venous Thromboses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood [19/08/2013] A venous thrombosis, the occlusion of a vein, can result in a pulmonary embolism. Researchers at the Medical University Vienna have now developed a “risk calculator” that enables doctors to estimate this risk more accurately.Blood: Risk Calculator for Venous Thromboses - Read more

Treatments: Testimonials May Cause Poor Consumer Choices

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Testimonial [19/08/2013] Medical testimonials present powerful personal stories and useful information, but they can also be dangerous to your health if distracting, irrelevant information leads to inappropriate treatment decisions.Treatments: Testimonials May Cause Poor Consumer Choices - Read more

Biomedicine: Protein Profile of Tumor Cells Decoded

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Protein signatures [09/08/2013] Since proteins are responsible for converting somatic cells into tumor cells, scientists have now decoded the proteome of 59 tumor cell lines – and have found new ways to explain why cancer drugs do not have the same effect on all patients.Biomedicine: Protein Profile of Tumor Cells Decoded - Read more

Patients: New Tool Helps Detect Delirium

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor and patient [08/08/2013] Researchers have developed a two-minute assessment tool to help hospital staff predict a patient’s risk of delirium, a change in mental cognition characterized by severe confusion and disorientation that can prolong hospital stays.Patients: New Tool Helps Detect Delirium - Read more

Neuropathy: MRI-safe Devices for Pain Implanted

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRI [07/08/2013] Neurosurgeons at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center are among the first in the United States to successfully implant an MRI-safe spinal cord stimulator to help patients suffering from chronic back or limb pain.Neuropathy: MRI-safe Devices for Pain Implanted - Read more

Scans: New Distinctions in Resting and Active Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain [07/08/2013] A boost in the speed of brain scans is unveiling new insights into how brain regions work with each other in cooperative groups called networks. Scientists at Washington University and the University of Chieti, Italy, used the quicker scans to track brain activity in volunteers at rest and while they watched a movie.Scans: New Distinctions in Resting and Active Brain - Read more

Hypertension Patients: New Inhalable Gene Therapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Inhalation [06/08/2013] The deadly condition known as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which afflicts up to 150,000 Americans each year, may be reversible by using an inhalable gene therapy, report an international team of researchers led by investigators at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.Hypertension Patients: New Inhalable Gene Therapy - Read more

Communication: The Doctor Will Email You Now

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Computer [06/08/2013] Patients like it and so do health organizations, but electronic communications in clinical care will likely not be widely adopted by primary care physicians unless patient workloads are reduced or they are paid for the time they spend phoning and emailing patients, both during and after office hours.Communication: The Doctor Will Email You Now - Read more

Biochemistry: Distinct Brain Disorders Biologically Linked

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genes [05/08/2013] A team of researchers have shown that schizophrenia and a disorder associated with autism and learning difficulties share a common biological pathway. This is one of the first times that researchers have uncovered genetic evidence for the underlying causes of schizophrenia.Biochemistry: Distinct Brain Disorders Biologically Linked - Read more

Proteins: Structure of NatA Deciphered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: NatA [05/08/2013] A team of researchers from Philadelphia and Norway has determined the structure of an enzyme complex that modifies one end of most human proteins and is made at elevated levels in numerous forms of cancer.Proteins: Structure of NatA Deciphered - Read more

Transplants: Bigger Lungs May Be Better

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lungs [02/08/2013] When it comes to lung transplants, bigger may be better. That is the main finding from a University of Iowa study, which found that oversized lungs lead to improved survival following lung transplants, particularly among patients receiving double-lung transplants.Transplants: Bigger Lungs May Be Better - Read more

Precancerous Lesions: New 3-D Colonoscopy Eases Detection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: 3-D image [02/08/2013] Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed a new endoscopy technology that could make it easier for doctors to detect precancerous lesions in the colon. Early detection of such lesions has been shown to reduce death rates from colorectal cancer, which kills about 50,000 people per year in the United States.Precancerous Lesions: New 3-D Colonoscopy Eases Detection - Read more

Transplantation Medicine: Rapid Test Checks the Immune System

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2013] Patients often wait years for an organ transplant. Even when they finally receive an organ, it is still not certain whether it is going to be rejected by the patient’s own immune system or becomes threatened by infection.Transplantation Medicine: Rapid Test Checks the Immune System - Read more

Transplantations: Making as Many Organs Viable as Possible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2013] Implants can be used to heal and replace many parts of the human body, but these technologies are limited: organs are too complex to copy. Patients often need a donor organ to survive. But nowadays there are more and more potential recipients for organs and less and less willing donors. Medical technology thus has the task to make as many organs as possible viable for donation.Transplantations: Making as Many Organs Viable as Possible - Read more

Heart Failure: New Treatment Makes Heart "Softer"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart and lung [24/07/2013] The cardiologist Diana Bonderman from the Department of Internal Medicine II at the Medical University of Vienna has demonstrated the effectiveness of a substance that and makes the heart "softer".Heart Failure: New Treatment Makes Heart "Softer" - Read more

Public Health: Electronic Records Support Immunization

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Folder [22/07/2013] The structured, timely sharing of records enables more accurate care and more cohesive data for informing public health policy.Public Health: Electronic Records Support Immunization - Read more

Hospitals: Boosting Medical Safety Innovation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Data sheet [10/07/2013] As health care personnel race to improve the quality of their care to save lives and prevent unneeded harm, a new study indicates there is more they can do to learn about what errors are occurring and why.Hospitals: Boosting Medical Safety Innovation - Read more

Public Health: Aging Population and Emergency Departments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Waiting room [09/07/2013] As the population gets older, and the baby boomers begin to enter their 60's and 70's, one might assume that the number of trips to the emergency department will also increase.Public Health: Aging Population and Emergency Departments - Read more

Older Patients: Tailoring Diabetes Treatment Yields Dramatic Results

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood sugar investigation [09/07/2013] More than a quarter of over 70s with type 2 diabetes could benefit simply from improving communication and education in the clinic, new research has revealed. A study led by the University of Exeter Medical School found that 27 percent achieved better glycaemic control through individualised care alone.Older Patients: Tailoring Diabetes Treatment Yields Dramatic Results - Read more

MRI: Sugar Makes Cancer Light-up

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tumour cells [08/07/2013] A new technique for detecting cancer by imaging the consumption of sugar with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been unveiled by scientists of the University College London. The breakthrough could provide a safer and simpler alternative to standard radioactive techniques and enable radiologists to image tumours in greater detail.MRI: Sugar Makes Cancer Light-up - Read more

Cells: Technological Breakthrough for Better Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Path of drugs [08/07/2013] Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed the first method for directly measuring the extent to which drugs reach their targets in the cell. The method could make a significant contribution to the development of new, improved drug substances.Cells: Technological Breakthrough for Better Drugs - Read more

Spinal Cord Stimulation: “We were able to restore motor function in paraplegic rats”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/07/2013] Spinal cord injuries are dangerous and often end in paraplegia. The severed nerve connections between the brain and musculoskeletal system lead to paralysis and thus restrict many patients. Current treatment options are limited to surgical intervention and subsequent rehabilitation.Spinal Cord Stimulation: “We were able to restore motor function in paraplegic rats” - Read more

Thyroid Cancer: Rising Most Rapidly Among Insured Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Thyroid examination [05/07/2013] The rapid increase in papillary thyroid cancer in the US may not be linked to increase in occurrence, instead it may be linked to an increase in the diagnosis of pre-cancerous conditions and to a person's insurance status.Thyroid Cancer: Rising Most Rapidly Among Insured Patients - Read more

Dietary Supplements: Improving Doctor-patient Communication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Supplements [04/07/2013] Dietary supplements like vitamins, minerals or herbs carry risks, including potentially adverse interactions with prescription drugs, and some people may even use them in place of conventional medications. Primary care physicians should communicate pros and cons to patients.Dietary Supplements: Improving Doctor-patient Communication - Read more

Infections: Holding Multi-Resistant Bacteria in Check

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elisabeth Memmel and Jürgen Seibel [03/07/2013] In the fight against multi-resistant bacteria, University of Würzburg chemists may have achieved a major breakthrough. With a trick, they induced the bacteria to change their cell surface. This reduced the risk of infection dramatically.Infections: Holding Multi-Resistant Bacteria in Check - Read more

IT & Security: “The use of mobile devices in hospitals is grossly negligent”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/06/2013] By now, mobile devices are constant companions for many people. However, we often do not consider that cell phones or tablets send signals that may impact other technical devices in their operation. This can have fatal consequences for patients in a hospital.IT & Security: “The use of mobile devices in hospitals is grossly negligent” - Read more

Multiple Sclerosis: Enhanced White Blood Cells Heal Mice

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Damaged cells [03/06/2013] Genetically engineered immune cells seem to promote healing in mice infected with a neurological disease similar to multiple sclerosis (MS), cleaning up lesions and allowing the mice to regain use of their legs and tails.Multiple Sclerosis: Enhanced White Blood Cells Heal Mice - Read more

Parkinson’s Disease: Proteins in Migration

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A neuronal fiber [28/05/2013] Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) in Bonn have developed a new animal model that provides important clues on the mechanisms of Parkinson’s disease.Parkinson’s Disease: Proteins in Migration - Read more

Catheter: Efficacy and Safety in Asian Patients Confirmed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Asian man and woman [27/05/2013] Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is effective and safe in Asian patients, according to early experience based on first results from a multicentre Asian registry.Catheter: Efficacy and Safety in Asian Patients Confirmed - Read more

Cancer Research: New Molecule as a Tumour Killer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cells [22/05/2013] Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and Lund University, Sweden, have bioengineered a novel molecule which has been proven to successfully kill tumour cells.Cancer Research: New Molecule as a Tumour Killer - Read more

Diarrhea: Results in Developing Oral Vaccin

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with diarrhea [22/05/2013] The University of Gothenburg Vaccine Research Institute (GUVAX) announces successful results in a placebo controlled phase I study of an oral, inactivated Escherichia coli diarrhea vaccine.Diarrhea: Results in Developing Oral Vaccin - Read more

Healthcare: Breakup of Physician Drug Company Relationship Cut Cost

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor and drug company concultant [21/05/2013] A new report suggests that improved health care and significant reductions in drug costs might be attained by breaking up the age-old relationship between physicians and drug company representatives who promote the newest, more costly and often unnecessary prescription drugs.Healthcare: Breakup of Physician Drug Company Relationship Cut Cost - Read more

Public Health: 50 Percent Increase in ICU Admissions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient hand [15/05/2013] A study of the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services (SPHHS) researchers offers an in-depth look at hospitals nationwide and admissions to intensive care units (ICU). The study finds a sharp increase — nearly 50 percent — in ICU admissions coming from United States’ emergency departments.Public Health: 50 Percent Increase in ICU Admissions - Read more

Cells: Tumor-activated Protein Promotes Cancer Spread

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Metastasis [15/05/2013] Researchers at the University of California report that cancers physically alter cells in the lymphatic system – a network of vessels that transports and stores immune cells throughout the body – to promote the spread of disease, a process called metastasis.Cells: Tumor-activated Protein Promotes Cancer Spread - Read more

Stress: Persistent Pain Has a Neurobiological Basis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman has pain [03/05/2013] A new study led by University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers is the first to identify a genetic risk factor for persistent pain after traumatic events such as motor vehicle collision and sexual assault.Stress: Persistent Pain Has a Neurobiological Basis - Read more

Leukemia: High Treatment Costs Harming Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood clots [29/04/2013] The increasing cost of treatments for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the United States has reached unsustainably high levels and may be leaving many patients under- or untreated because they cannot afford care, according to a study.Leukemia: High Treatment Costs Harming Patients - Read more

Health Insurance Survey: 84 Million People Were Uninsured

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Waiting room [26/04/2013] Eighty-four million people ― nearly half of all working-age adults in the United States ―went without health insurance for a time last year or had out-of-pocket costs that were so high relative to their income they were considered underinsured, according to the Commonwealth Fund 2012 Biennial Health Insurance Survey.Health Insurance Survey: 84 Million People Were Uninsured - Read more

Brain: Atrophy Associated with Multiple Sclerosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain [25/04/2013] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of atrophy in an important area of the brain are an accurate predictor of multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a new study. According to the researchers, these atrophy measurements offer an improvement over current methods for evaluating patients at risk for MS.Brain: Atrophy Associated with Multiple Sclerosis - Read more

Medical Interns: Very Little Time at Patient Bedside

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor at computer [24/04/2013] Medical interns spend just 12 percent of their time examining and talking with patients, and more than 40 percent of their time behind a computer, according to a new Johns Hopkins study.Medical Interns: Very Little Time at Patient Bedside - Read more

Surgical Complications: Greater Hospital Profit-margins

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Operation [17/04/2013] Privately insured surgical patients who had a complication provided hospitals with a 330 percent higher profit margin than those without a complication, according to new research from Ariadne Labs.Surgical Complications: Greater Hospital Profit-margins - Read more

Patients with Tetraplegia: New Method Restores Grip Function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand graphic [11/04/2013] A new method in which a number of operations are performed simultaneously can provide people with tetraplegia with a better grip function and the ability to open their hand. This method also shortens the patient’s rehabilitation period by at least three months, reveals a doctoral thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Patients with Tetraplegia: New Method Restores Grip Function - Read more

Medical Textiles: “Most germs are spread through hand contact, not through textiles”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2013] Whether it’s implants, medical drape sheets or surgeons’ attire – medicine relies on textiles every day. Their main task is to protect patients and physicians from infection. Even though most germs are not transmitted through textiles, they have to meet hygiene requirements.Medical Textiles: “Most germs are spread through hand contact, not through textiles” - Read more

Diabetes: Insulin Pumps Impact Quality of Life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Insulin pump [27/03/2013] Being treated for diabetes with an insulin pump, an aid that is attached to the body to provide a continuous supply of insulin, has a strong impact on a person’s quality of life. The pump can be a lifeline, but also a bothersome shackle. This is shown in a unique long-term study performed at the Dalarna University, Sweden in collaboration with the Uppsala University and Umeå University.Diabetes: Insulin Pumps Impact Quality of Life - Read more

Hip Surgery: More Complications Than Previously Reported

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hip damage [26/03/2013] Outcomes after surgery have always been difficult to determine. Now a new case study on more than 500 hip procedures highlights that complication rates may be even higher than previous reports, researchers say.Hip Surgery: More Complications Than Previously Reported - Read more

Physical Therapy: Just as Effective as Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physical therapy for the knee [25/03/2013] A new study showing that physical therapy is just as effective as surgery in patients with meniscal tears and arthritis of the knee should encourage many health care providers to reconsider their practices in the management of this common injury.Physical Therapy: Just as Effective as Surgery - Read more

Multiple Sclerosis: The Thalamus Moves into the Spotlight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Thalamus [25/03/2013] A growing body of research by multiple sclerosis (MS) investigators at the University at Buffalo (UB) and international partners is providing powerful new evidence that the brain’s gray matter reflects important changes in the disease that could allow clinicians to diagnose earlier and to better monitor and predict how the disease will progress.Multiple Sclerosis: The Thalamus Moves into the Spotlight - Read more

Research Advances: Preventing Dangerous Blood Clots

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood clots [22/03/2013] New research from the University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center may help clinicians determine which patients are at highest risk for post-surgical blood clots in the legs or lungs.Research Advances: Preventing Dangerous Blood Clots - Read more

Hip Implant Patients: Unexplained Pain by Tissue Damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hip implant [20/03/2013] The cause of unexplained pain among metal-on-metal hip implant patients is more likely to be tissue damage than wear of the implant, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) researchers have found.Hip Implant Patients: Unexplained Pain by Tissue Damage - Read more

Flu: Predicting Hotspots for Future Outbreaks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Flu [18/03/2013] This year's unusually long and rocky flu season would be nothing compared to the pandemic that could occur if bird flu became highly contagious among humans, which is why researchers of the University of California – Los Angeles (UCLA) and their colleagues are creating new ways to predict where an outbreak could emerge.Flu: Predicting Hotspots for Future Outbreaks - Read more

Reducing Tumor Growth: Stronger Effect of Local Chemotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Researchers [15/03/2013] Reducing the growth of a tumor by localized delivery of cancer medication can be achieved by using a combination of ultrasound, temperature-sensitive nanoparticles and MRI. This is shown by Mariska de Smet of Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e).Reducing Tumor Growth: Stronger Effect of Local Chemotherapy - Read more

CyberKnife: “It is currently the only system that is routinely used worldwide to compensate for breathing-induced motion”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/03/2013] Even if the name “CyberKnife” is reminiscent of a scalpel and surgery, the precision radiation performed by the robotic radiosurgery system is a non-invasive treatment option for many tumor patients. Aside from precision robotics as it is also known in the automotive industry, the CyberKnife features an image guidance system and respiratory compensation technology.CyberKnife: “It is currently the only system that is routinely used worldwide to compensate for breathing-induced motion” - Read more

Laser Scalpel: Current Research Promises Gentle Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/03/2013] [Intro:] The Picosecond Infrared Laser (PIRL), which was developed at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), is intended to precisely cut down to the cell when used as a laser scalpel. During surgery, it avoids injuries to nerves or blood vessels and barely leaves any scarring.Laser Scalpel: Current Research Promises Gentle Surgery - Read more

Tumor: Bioelectric Signals Detect Early Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tumor [04/02/2013] Biologists at Tufts University School of Arts and Sciences have discovered a bioelectric signal that can identify cells that are likely to develop into tumors.Tumor: Bioelectric Signals Detect Early Cancer - Read more

Medical Personnel: Intimately in Tune with the Latest Technology

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2013] Progress in medical fields has been enormous. The skills physicians and other medical personnel acquired during their studies or training is no longer sufficient for their daily job routine. Medical technology in particular is constantly evolving. Many colleges and universities have discovered this market niche and offer continuing education in medical technology.Medical Personnel: Intimately in Tune with the Latest Technology - Read more

Cardiologists: Simple Steps Lower Risk of Heart Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Walking in the office [31/01/2013] February is American Heart Month, a perfect time to remind people that small steps can reduce their risk of heart disease, the main death cause of men and women. Mayo Clinic cardiologists offer several simple tips to reduce the risk.Cardiologists: Simple Steps Lower Risk of Heart Disease - Read more

Poor Sleep in Old Age: Brain Prevented from Storing Memories

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man sleeping [29/01/2013] The connection between poor sleep, memory loss and brain deterioration as we grow older has been elusive. But for the first time, scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have found a link between these hallmark maladies of old age.Poor Sleep in Old Age: Brain Prevented from Storing Memories - Read more

HIV: Fast Mobile Testing via Cloud

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Finger-pricked whole blood [29/01/2013] An innovative lab-on-a-chip checks a patient's HIV status anywhere in the world with just a finger prick. It also synchronizes the results automatically and instantaneously with central health-care records.HIV: Fast Mobile Testing via Cloud - Read more

Health Care: Digital Diagnostic Tools Lead to Patient Dissatisfaction

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor and patient [28/01/2013] A University of Missouri researcher says the increased use of computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) leads to greater patient dissatisfaction and could increase noncompliance with preventative care and treatment recommendations.Health Care: Digital Diagnostic Tools Lead to Patient Dissatisfaction - Read more

Management: Success for Primary Care Networks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Stethoscope and calender [28/01/2013] A newly-released study on early adoptees of the Primary Care Network (PCN) initiative proposes that their success lies with three key elements: strong leadership, a redefined, inclusive workspace and allowance for creative discord.Management: Success for Primary Care Networks - Read more

Nano Medicine: Controlled and Targeted Release of Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nanocontainer [25/01/2013] Researchers have discovered a method that allows for the controlled release of an active agent on the basis of a magnetic nanovehicle. The research, conducted as part of the National Research Programme "Smart Materials", opens up new possibilities for the development of targeted treatments, which are more efficient and trigger fewer side effects.Nano Medicine: Controlled and Targeted Release of Drugs - Read more

Rotavirus: Vaccinating Children Protects Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccination [24/01/2013] Pediatric rotavirus vaccination also indirectly protects unvaccinated adults from the highly contagious cause of severe diarrhea and vomiting, suggests a new study. The findings suggest pediatric immunization against the virus may be more cost effective than previously thought, given rotavirus-related health care costs among adults.Rotavirus: Vaccinating Children Protects Adults - Read more

Hypertension: Black Patients Not Prescribed Diuretics Enough

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring blood pressure [23/01/2013] A research study of more than 600 black patients with uncontrolled hypertension found that less than half were prescribed a diuretic drug with proven benefit that costs just pennies a day, report researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College.Hypertension: Black Patients Not Prescribed Diuretics Enough - Read more

Implants: Unsafe High-risk Medical Devices on the Market

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hip joint [23/01/2013] Technological advancements in medicine have allowed patients suffering from musculoskeletal conditions such as hip and knee pain to regain mobility and live relatively pain-free. But some "high risk" surgical devices that have been approved by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are not required to go through clinical trials.Implants: Unsafe High-risk Medical Devices on the Market - Read more

Schizophrenia: New Findings on Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Head pain [22/01/2013] A new study from Lund University in Sweden and Stanford University in the United States shows that the average life expectancy of men and women with schizophrenia is 15 years and 12 years shorter respectively than for those who do not suffer from the disease.Schizophrenia: New Findings on Mortality - Read more

Gender Medicine: Women Suffer from the Male Patient Pattern

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/01/2013] Gender medicine was born in the U.S. in the 90s. Since 2003, German researchers have also been focusing on gender differences for therapies. When it comes to a heart attack for instance, men generally complain about chest pain. Women on the other hand describe several symptoms, which often results in a delayed diagnosis.Gender Medicine: Women Suffer from the Male Patient Pattern - Read more

Kidney Failure: Irregular Heart Beat Elevates Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kidney [21/01/2013] Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research have found that the risk of kidney failure is greater for people with chronic kidney disease who also have atrial fibrillation, one of the most common forms of irregular heart rhythm in adults.Kidney Failure: Irregular Heart Beat Elevates Risk - Read more

Brain: One Form of Neuron Turned into Another

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain [21/01/2013] A new finding by Harvard stem cell biologists turns one of the basics of neurobiology on its head – demonstrating that it is possible to turn one type of already differentiated neuron into another within the brain.Brain: One Form of Neuron Turned into Another - Read more

Guided Care: Better Quality of Care for Chronically Ill

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Caregiver and a patient [18/01/2013] Patients who received Guided Care, a comprehensive form of primary care for older adults with chronic health problems, rated the quality of their care much higher than patients in regular primary care, and used less home care, according to a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins University.Guided Care: Better Quality of Care for Chronically Ill - Read more

Blood Test: Identifying Trauma Patients at Risk of Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood test [18/01/2013] A simple, inexpensive blood test performed on trauma patients upon admission can help doctors easily identify patients at greatest risk of death, according to a new study by researchers at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City.Blood Test: Identifying Trauma Patients at Risk of Death - Read more

HIV: Treatment Strategy Could Save 1 Billion Dollars

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: HIV [16/01/2013] Replacing the combination of brand-name, antiretroviral drugs currently recommended for control of HIV infection with soon-to-be-available generic medications could be saved 1 billion Dollars a year but may diminish the effectiveness of HIV treatment.HIV: Treatment Strategy Could Save 1 Billion Dollars - Read more

Patients: Weight Gain After a Knee Replacement Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Knees [16/01/2013] Patients who undergo knee replacement surgery may be at risk of gaining more weight than their peers who have not had the surgery, according to a five-year study led by a Virginia Commonwealth University professor.Patients: Weight Gain After a Knee Replacement Surgery - Read more

Intensive Care: Physical Therapy Benefits Hospitals’ Balance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physical Therapy [14/01/2013] In a study evaluating the financial impact of providing early physical therapy for intensive care patients, researchers found that the up-front costs are outweighed by subsequent financial savings.Intensive Care: Physical Therapy Benefits Hospitals’ Balance - Read more

Good Communication: The Key to Medication Adherence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient and doctor [10/01/2013] Study shows patients who give their doctors high marks in communication more likely to fill prescriptions. The work suggests preparing doctors to be better communicators may help improve medication adherence and ultimately health outcomes.Good Communication: The Key to Medication Adherence - Read more

Genomics: Costs of Bringing Research Into Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genomics [09/01/2013] Genomic research is widely expected to transform medicine, but progress has been slower than expected. Critics argue that the genomics "promise" has been broken – and that money might be better spent elsewhere.Genomics: Costs of Bringing Research Into Care - Read more

Health: Italian Immigrants Live Longer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Italian food [08/01/2013] Immigrants from Italy live longer than members of their host country. However, the risk of mortality is considerably higher for their offspring than their Swiss counterparts. More exposed to the influences of the host country, the second generation detaches itself from the healthy southern, as a study conducted by the University of Zurich’s Institute of Social and Preventative Medicine reveals.Health: Italian Immigrants Live Longer - Read more

The Pain Puzzle: How Morphine Increases Pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Morphine [07/01/2013] For individuals with agonizing pain, it is a cruel blow when the gold-standard medication actually causes more pain. Adults and children whose pain gets worse when treated with morphine may be closer to a solution, based on a research.The Pain Puzzle: How Morphine Increases Pain - Read more

Muscles: Cholesterol Medicine Affects Energy Production

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medicine [04/01/2013] Up to 75 per cent of patients who take statins to treat elevated cholesterol levels may suffer from muscle pain. Scientists at the Center for Healthy Aging at the University of Copenhagen have now identified a possible mechanism underlying this unfortunate side effect.Muscles: Cholesterol Medicine Affects Energy Production - Read more

Superbugs: Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor Enhances Disinfection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Superbugs [03/01/2013] Infection control experts at The Johns Hopkins Hospital have found that a combination of robot-like devices that disperse a bleaching agent into the air and then detoxify the disinfecting chemical are highly effective at killing and preventing the spread of multiple-drug-resistant bacteria, or so-called hospital superbugs.Superbugs: Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor Enhances Disinfection - Read more

Personalized Medical Devices: Adapting Technologies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/01/2013] Patient specific optimization of medical devices is meant to increase compatibility with the organism and therefore improve the functionality of equipment, systems and components. That is why instead of a “one size fits all” approach, medical devices are being developed in “mass customization“.Personalized Medical Devices: Adapting Technologies - Read more

Cancer Patients: Relapse Through Drug Shortage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drugs in the USA [02/01/2013] A national drug shortage has been linked to a higher rate of relapse among children, teenagers and young adults with Hodgkin lymphoma enrolled in a national clinical trial, according to research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.Cancer Patients: Relapse Through Drug Shortage - Read more

US Hospitals: Study Reports Racial Disparities in Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl in Hospital [02/01/2013] When researchers investigated the link between racial disparities and appendicitis outcomes in children, they found that the type of hospital —community, children's or county— affects the patients’ odds of developing a perforated appendix.US Hospitals: Study Reports Racial Disparities in Treatment - Read more

Brain: Silent Stroke Can Cause Parkinson's Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRI images [20/12/2012] Scientists at The University of Manchester have for the first time identified why a patient who appears outwardly healthy may develop Parkinson's disease.Brain: Silent Stroke Can Cause Parkinson's Disease - Read more

Telestroke Networks: Cost-effective for Hospitals, Good for Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient in hospital [18/12/2012] Telestroke networks that enable the remote and rapid diagnosis and treatment of stroke can improve the bottom line of patients and hospitals, researchers report.Telestroke Networks: Cost-effective for Hospitals, Good for Patients - Read more

Genes: Heart Cells Become 'Biological Pacemakers'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart cells [17/12/2012] Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute researchers have reprogrammed ordinary heart cells to become exact replicas of highly specialized pacemaker cells by injecting a single gene (Tbx18) – a major step forward in the search for a biological therapy to correct erratic heartbeats.Genes: Heart Cells Become 'Biological Pacemakers' - Read more

Report: Massive Shifts in the World Health Landscape

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: World Health [14/12/2012] Globally, health advances present most people with a devastating irony: avoid premature death but live longer and sicker. That is one of the main findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010).Report: Massive Shifts in the World Health Landscape - Read more

Physicians: One in Four Uses Social Media Daily

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician on computer [11/12/2012] A new survey shows that about one in four physicians uses social media daily or multiple times a day to scan or explore medical information, and 14 percent use social media each day to contribute new information, according to the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.Physicians: One in Four Uses Social Media Daily - Read more

New Drug: Risk from Bone Marrow Transplant Halved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Immune cells [11/12/2012] A new class of drugs reduced the risk of patients contracting a serious and often deadly side effect of lifesaving bone marrow transplant treatments, according to researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.New Drug: Risk from Bone Marrow Transplant Halved - Read more

Surgery: Checklist Can Reduce Costly Complications

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgical team [10/12/2012] As the nation grapples with surging health care costs, researchers have confirmed two simple cost-effective methods to reduce expensive postoperative complications — communications team training and a surgical checklist.Surgery: Checklist Can Reduce Costly Complications - Read more

High-cost Care: Hospices Restrict Patient Enrollment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse and patient [10/12/2012] In a national survey of enrollment policies at hospices, researchers have found that the majority of hospices in the United States have at least one enrollment policy that could restrict access for terminally ill Medicare patients with high-cost medical needs.High-cost Care: Hospices Restrict Patient Enrollment - Read more

Quarterly Medical Co-pays Abolished: “The health insurance companies will be compensated”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/12/2012] It annoys patients, physicians and the medical staff in Germany: the quarterly medical co-pay. After nine years, on January 1, 2013, it will now be abolished again much to the delight of all involved. However, this decision raises some concerns. MEDICA.de asked Christian Albrecht, spokesperson for the German Federal Ministry of Health, what consequences the abolition bears.Quarterly Medical Co-pays Abolished: “The health insurance companies will be compensated” - Read more

Cancer: Drag-and-drop DNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pharmaceutical molecules [07/12/2012] Using a simple "drag-and-drop" computer interface and DNA self-assembly techniques, researchers have developed a new approach for drug development that could drastically reduce the time required to create and test medications.Cancer: Drag-and-drop DNA - Read more

Neuroscience: Ultrasound Can Stimulate Different Sensations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ultrasound [07/12/2012] A century after the world’s first ultrasonic detection device, Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists have provided the first neurophysiological evidence for something that researchers have long suspected: ultrasound applied to the periphery, such as the fingertips, can stimulate different sensory pathways leading to the brain.Neuroscience: Ultrasound Can Stimulate Different Sensations - Read more

Health Insurance: Finding Physicians May Be Problematic

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Accept or refuse [06/12/2012] Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is expected to result in up to 50 million currently uninsured Americans acquiring some type of health insurance coverage. However, newly insured patients may have trouble finding primary care physicians.Health Insurance: Finding Physicians May Be Problematic - Read more

Seeing: New Technique for Stem Cell Therapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Disc of biodegradable material [06/12/2012] Researchers from the University of Sheffield show a new method for producing membranes to help in the grafting of stem cells onto the eye, mimicking structural features of the eye itself. Seeing: New Technique for Stem Cell Therapy - Read more

Shift Work: Reducing Workplace Accidents and Illnesses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sleeping workers [05/12/2012] An international team of sleep researchers has developed the world's first screening tool to help reduce workplace accidents and illnesses, including cardiovascular disease and cancer, caused by shift work.Shift Work: Reducing Workplace Accidents and Illnesses - Read more

Public Funding: What Counts as a Disease?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Qustionary [04/12/2012] While some states of the human body are clearly considered diseases, others are not. But the classification influences whether treatment can be funded publicly. The Finnish FIND Survey tried to shed some light on this distinction among health care professionals, politicians and laypeople.Public Funding: What Counts as a Disease? - Read more

Mechanism After a Stressful Event: "The dynorphin opioid receptor system decreases the intensity of stress memory“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/12/2012] Forgetting stressful events isn’t always easy, especially when they have been deeply committed to human memory. Scientists at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin have now discovered a mechanism that inhibits the ability to forget fear after a stressful incident. They demonstrated in experiments that subsiding fear does not happen if not enough dynorphin is dumped in the brain. Mechanism After a Stressful Event: "The dynorphin opioid receptor system decreases the intensity of stress memory“ - Read more

Patients: More Involvement in Decision-Making Necessary

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor with patient [30/11/2012] Everywhere, there is a clear need for the systematic improvement of patient safety. Patient safety cannot be improved by simply making new rules. A new model of adaptive safety-management is already being used at Vaasa Central Hospital in Vaasa, Finland.Patients: More Involvement in Decision-Making Necessary - Read more

End-of-Life Care: Experts Offer Tips to Resolve Conflicts

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Old hand and young hand [28/11/2012] It's one of the toughest questions patients and their loved ones can discuss with physicians: When is further medical treatment futile? The conversation can become even more difficult if patients or their families disagree with health care providers' recommendations on end-of-life care.End-of-Life Care: Experts Offer Tips to Resolve Conflicts - Read more

MEDICA 2012: „We are very pleased with the fair. We had lots of visitors at our stand every day”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/11/2012] CompuGroup Medical is one of the biggest exhibitors on MEDICA from the field of medical IT. In this year again, they have presented their products and solutions at a shared stand in hall 15. In the concluding interview from the last fair day, Volker Hess, Head of Marketing & Communications CER of CompuGroup Medical, told MEDICA.de that he is very pleased with the way the trade fair has gone.MEDICA 2012: „We are very pleased with the fair. We had lots of visitors at our stand every day” - Read more

Heart Attack: Hope for Regeneration Through Progenitor Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mouse heart cells [21/11/2012] A research team of the Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB has discovered cell surface markers that enable the identification and isolation of living functional cardiovascular progenitor cells (CPCs).Heart Attack: Hope for Regeneration Through Progenitor Cells - Read more

Diabetes: Options for Leaders to Reduce Costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Insulin test [16/11/2012] Alliance to Reduce Disparities in Diabetes calls for national decision makers to consider local experience in reducing disparities in diabetes as health reform implementation advances.Diabetes: Options for Leaders to Reduce Costs - Read more

Brain: How Social Isolation Disrupts Myelin Production

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Isolated man [15/11/2012] Animals that are socially isolated for prolonged periods make less myelin in the region of the brain responsible for complex emotional and cognitive behavior, researchers at the University at Buffalo say.Brain: How Social Isolation Disrupts Myelin Production - Read more

Nutrition: Limiting Carbs Reduces Risk for Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fastfood [15/11/2012] An experimental diet with carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinner could benefit people suffering from severe and morbid obesity, according to new research at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.Nutrition: Limiting Carbs Reduces Risk for Diabetes - Read more

Schizophrenia: Genetic Networks Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Graphic of schizophrenia [14/11/2012] New computational analysis identifies gene networks affected in schizophrenia and shows that schizophrenia and autism share related genetic networks, each composed of hundreds of genes.Schizophrenia: Genetic Networks Identified - Read more

Women: Early Stress Linked to Later Anxiety

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Desperate girl [13/11/2012] High levels of family stress in infancy are linked to differences in everyday brain function and anxiety in teenage girls, according to new results of a long-running population study by University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists.Women: Early Stress Linked to Later Anxiety - Read more

Hepatitis C: A ‘Finger’ Pointing the Way to New Medication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: HCV-infected cells [12/11/2012] Researchers at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany, have discovered new drug leads that are efficient against resistant virus like HCV.Hepatitis C: A ‘Finger’ Pointing the Way to New Medication - Read more

Social Media: Physicians Fail to Disclose Conflicts of Interest

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor on computer [12/11/2012] As the use of Twitter and other social media by physicians and patients rises, more and more physicians seem to forget to do what many consider crucial for building doctor-patient trust: disclose potential conflicts of interest.Social Media: Physicians Fail to Disclose Conflicts of Interest - Read more

Diagnostics: Collaboration for the Developing World

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Virus in sight [09/11/2012] The International Diagnostics Centre (IDC), a global research collaboration hub, at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) will to undertake innovative research on new diagnostic tests to diagnose patients faster, more accurately and cost effectively.Diagnostics: Collaboration for the Developing World - Read more

Migraine Research: "Migraine is a complex disorder"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/11/2012] A global collaboration of scientists with participation by a team of researchers from the Headache and Pain Center Kiel (“Schmerzklinik Kiel”) has decoded four new gene locations whose changes significantly increase the risk of migraines. Recently in the world’s largest migraine study, the genes of more than 5,000 migraine patients were being examined and compared to 7,000 control persons. Migraine Research: "Migraine is a complex disorder" - Read more

Hospital Mortality Rates: Financial Incentives May Improve

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Foot [08/11/2012] New research into controversial pay-for-performance schemes has suggested they may help to save the lives of National Health Service (NHS) patients. A “significant” fall in mortality rates for certain conditions emerged in a study into the use of incentives at hospitals in the North West of England.Hospital Mortality Rates: Financial Incentives May Improve - Read more

More Effective Treatment: Cancer Data in The "Cloud"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cancer graphic [07/11/2012] Storing music and photos on distant computers via "cloud" technology is nothing new. But Johns Hopkins researchers are now using this tactic to collect detailed information from thousands of cancer cell samples.More Effective Treatment: Cancer Data in The "Cloud" - Read more

Heart Disease: Cardiac Bypass Surgery Superior

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Model of human heart [06/11/2012] Adults with diabetes and multi-vessel coronary heart disease who underwent cardiac bypass surgery had better overall heart-related outcomes than those who underwent an artery-opening procedure to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, according to the results from an international study.Heart Disease: Cardiac Bypass Surgery Superior - Read more

Tiny Needle: Chance for Diabetics to Scuba Dive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Diver [31/10/2012] A tiny needle in subcutaneous fat keeps track of glucose levels. The data are transmitted wirelessly to a monitor or directly to an insulin pump. An alarm then goes off if glucose levels are too high or low. Researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy have evaluated a method that can make it less risky for diabetics to scuba dive.Tiny Needle: Chance for Diabetics to Scuba Dive - Read more

Public Health: Ethnic Disparities in Breast Cancer Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: African american woman [30/10/2012] Disparities in survival after breast cancer persisted across racial/ethnic groups even after researchers adjusted for multiple demographics, such as patients' education and the socioeconomic status of the neighborhood in which they lived, according to a study.Public Health: Ethnic Disparities in Breast Cancer Survival - Read more

Leukemia: Therapeutic Targets Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Leukemia cells [30/10/2012] New insight into the aggressive behavior of certain adult B-acute lymphoblastic leukemias has provided researchers with a potential new prognostic biomarker and a promising new therapeutic target.Leukemia: Therapeutic Targets Identified - Read more

Children with Cancer: Hispanic Caregivers Impacting Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with cancer [29/10/2012] Language barriers and the immigration status of caregivers appear to impact the care of Hispanic children with cancer and affect the experience of the families within the medical system, according to a study.Children with Cancer: Hispanic Caregivers Impacting Care - Read more

Parkinson’s Disease: Stimulating Brain Cells with Light

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nerve cells [29/10/2012] Introducing a light-sensitive protein in transgenic nerve cells or transplanting nerve cells into the brains of laboratory animals to combat Parkinson’s disease – these events may sound like science fiction but they are soon to become a reality in Lund University in Sweden.Parkinson’s Disease: Stimulating Brain Cells with Light - Read more

Healthcare Interventions: Experts Call for More Rigorous Evidence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/10/2012] Leading clinicians and health researchers from across Europe say much greater emphasis must be placed on the scientific evidence for the effectiveness of treatments and other healthcare interventions to ensure patients receive the best care available.Healthcare Interventions: Experts Call for More Rigorous Evidence - Read more

Europe: Improving Medical Research Education

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/10/2012] Fostering and improving medical research education is crucial to biomedical research and clinical patient treatment, and as such it has been identified as the main challenge in every joint European Science Foundation (ESF) - European Research Medical Councils (EMRC) strategy report. Europe: Improving Medical Research Education - Read more

Nanotechnology: Feeling the Force of Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/10/2012] The research group of Professor Roderick Lim in collaboration with Doctor Cora-Ann Schönenberger from the University of Basel, reveal how the unique nanomechanical properties of breast cancer cells are fundamental to the process of metastasis.Nanotechnology: Feeling the Force of Cancer - Read more

Healthcare Workers: Feedback Helps to Clean Hands

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/10/2012] A major three-year trial led by researchers at the University College London, in partnership with the Health Protection Agency, has shown that giving one-to-one feedback to healthcare workers makes them twice as likely to clean their hands or use soap.Healthcare Workers: Feedback Helps to Clean Hands - Read more

Health Care Services: Strategy for "Choosing Wisely"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/10/2012] Cutting the expenses associated with "low-value" medical tests and treatments – such as unnecessary imaging tests and antibiotics for viral infections that won't benefit from them – will require a multi-pronged plan targeting insurance companies, patients, and physicians, according to a study of the University of Pennsylvania.Health Care Services: Strategy for "Choosing Wisely" - Read more

Children: Electronic Devices Linked to Poor Sleep And Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/10/2012] Children who bask in the nighttime glow of a TV or computer do not get enough rest and suffer from poor lifestyle habits, new research from the University of Alberta has shown.Children: Electronic Devices Linked to Poor Sleep And Obesity - Read more

Nursing: Fewer Patient Deaths After Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/10/2012] Patients treated in magnet hospitals (specially designated for their nursing excellence) had 14 percent lower odds of death than those in non-magnet hospitals in a four-state study of 564 hospitals led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.Nursing: Fewer Patient Deaths After Surgery - Read more

Hospital Hygiene: “Hands are playing the most important role in conveying pathogens“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/10/2012] According to the German Federal Ministry of Health (Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, BMG) there are around 600,000 hospital infections every year in Germany alone, which result in 15,000 deaths. According to the Federal Ministry of Health, 20 to 30 percent of the infections and deaths would be preventable by adhering to well-known rules of hygiene.Hospital Hygiene: “Hands are playing the most important role in conveying pathogens“ - Read more

No Advantage: Blood Stem Cells Versus Bone Marrow

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/10/2012] Doctor Claudio Anasetti of the Department of Blood & Marrow Transplant at Moffitt Cancer Center, and colleagues from 47 research sites conducted a two-year clinical trial comparing two-year survival probabilities for patients transplanted with peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow stem cells from unrelated donors.No Advantage: Blood Stem Cells Versus Bone Marrow - Read more

World Osteoporosis Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/10/2012] World Osteoporosis Day was observed annually on 20 October, and launches a year-long campaign dedicated to raising global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease.World Osteoporosis Day - Read more

Uterus: Cost-effective Treatment for Endometrial Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/10/2012] A common birth control device is effective in treating early-stage endometrial cancer in morbidly obese and high-risk surgery patients, said Georgia Health Sciences University Cancer Center researchers, and could lead to a cost-effective treatment for all women with this cancer type.Uterus: Cost-effective Treatment for Endometrial Cancer - Read more

Breast Cancer: Epigenetic Difference Explains the Different Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/10/2012] The research team led by Manel Esteller of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) has identified an epigenetic change in the twin who will develop breast cancer but not in the healthy one.Breast Cancer: Epigenetic Difference Explains the Different Risk - Read more

Kidney Transplant Patients: Readmitted to Hospital Within 30 Days

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/10/2012] Three in 10 patients receiving a kidney transplant require readmission to the hospital within 30 days of discharge following surgery, according to a Johns Hopkins analysis of six years of national data.Kidney Transplant Patients: Readmitted to Hospital Within 30 Days - Read more

Infections: Antibiotic Resistance Is a Growing Concern

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/10/2012] As a result of concerns about antibiotic resistance, doctors in the United States are increasingly prescribing newer, more costly and more powerful antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections, one of the most common illnesses in women.Infections: Antibiotic Resistance Is a Growing Concern - Read more

HIV: Decline in Deaths for Most Men and Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/10/2012] Overall death rates due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection declined over time between 1993 and 2007 for most men and women by race/ethnicity and educational levels, with the largest absolute decreases for nonwhites, but rates remain high among blacks, according to a study.HIV: Decline in Deaths for Most Men and Women - Read more

Canada: Fast-tracked Drug Approvals Can Put Public at Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/10/2012] Drugs streamed into Health Canada's accelerated review process are more likely to be withdrawn from the market or earn a serious safety warning than those that undergo the standard review, according to a study of York University.Canada: Fast-tracked Drug Approvals Can Put Public at Risk - Read more

Breast Cancer: Faster Diagnosis Possible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/10/2012] A study from The George Washington University shows that patients can reduce potentially dangerous delays in the identification of breast cancer with the assistance of patient navigation services.Breast Cancer: Faster Diagnosis Possible - Read more

Diagnosis: New Way of Imaging Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2012] A new approach to lung scanning could improve the diagnosis and treatment of a lung disease that affects approximately 24 million Americans and is the country's third-highest cause of death.Diagnosis: New Way of Imaging Lungs - Read more

Public Health: Superheroes Needed to Tackle Timebomb

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2012] The research, an international collaboration from the Universities of Leeds, Alberta and Wisconsin, calls for government and policy makers to recognise the role that public health leaders can play in addressing these significant health challenges.Public Health: Superheroes Needed to Tackle Timebomb - Read more

Health Economics: State Deregulation of Open-heart Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/10/2012] The Certificate of Need, a form of state government regulation for open-heart surgery, has been designed to keep mortality rates and health care costs down. A new study suggests that neither is the case, but that deregulation is beneficial to patients.Health Economics: State Deregulation of Open-heart Surgery - Read more

Stroke: Telemedicine Can Save Lives and Reduce Disability

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/10/2012] Besides saving lives and health of stroke patients, the Canadian telestroke network would also cut health-care costs in all parts of the country, according to a major national study. This technology will provide optimal care to more Canadians, once it is expanded in all provinces.Stroke: Telemedicine Can Save Lives and Reduce Disability - Read more

Multiple Sclerosis: Rebuilding in The Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/10/2012] In patients suffering from multiple sclerosis, the brain is capable of compensating for certain disorders to some extent. How it does this has been examined in detail by medics from Würzburg University Hospital. Their findings may help to improve treatment.Multiple Sclerosis: Rebuilding in The Brain - Read more

Breast Cancer: MRI Technique Could Reduce Biopsies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/10/2012] Water diffusion measurements with MRI could decrease false-positive breast cancer results and reduce preventable biopsies, according to a new study. Researchers said the technique also could improve patient management by differentiating high-risk lesions requiring additional workup from other non-malignant subtypes.Breast Cancer: MRI Technique Could Reduce Biopsies - Read more

Medicines: Should Aspirin Be Used to Prevent Cancer?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/10/2012] Aspirin, the everyday drug taken by countless people around the world to ward off pain and reduce their risk of developing heart disease, may have a new trick up its sleeve – preventing cancer.Medicines: Should Aspirin Be Used to Prevent Cancer? - Read more

Public Health: Messages Can Influence Infectious Disease Stigmas

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2012] Crafting public health messages about a disease may create stigmas that influence how likely people are to endorse certain interventions, such as isolating infected persons, forcing treatment on them and mapping their location, according to a Penn State researcher.Public Health: Messages Can Influence Infectious Disease Stigmas - Read more

Rehabilitation: Robots Uncover Stroke Disabilities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2012] When it comes to stroke rehabilitation, it takes a dedicated team to help a person regain as much independence as possible: physicians, nurses, physiotherapists and others. Now, a University of Calgary research team had added a robot to help identify and customize post-stroke therapy.Rehabilitation: Robots Uncover Stroke Disabilities - Read more

Medicines: Making Headway on Beta-blockers and Sleep

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/09/2012] Over 20 million people in the United States take beta-blockers. Many of these same people also have trouble sleeping. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have found that melatonin supplementation significantly improved sleep in hypertensive patients taking beta-blockers.Medicines: Making Headway on Beta-blockers and Sleep - Read more

Appendicitis: Antibiotics Could Replace Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2012] Although the standard approach to acute appendicitis is to remove the appendix, a study at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, reveals that treatment with antibiotics can be just as effective in many cases.Appendicitis: Antibiotics Could Replace Surgery - Read more

Viruses: How Immune Cells Defend Themselves Against HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2012] A team of scientists led by virologists Professor Oliver T. Fackler and Professor Oliver T. Keppler from Heidelberg University Hospital, Germany, have decoded a mechanism used by the human immune system to protect itself from HIV viruses.Viruses: How Immune Cells Defend Themselves Against HIV - Read more

Nanochains: Exposing Cancer's Lethal Couriers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2012] Malignant cells that leave a primary tumor, travel the bloodstream and grow out of control in new locations cause the vast majority of cancer deaths. New nanotechnology developed at Case Western Reserve University detects these metastases in mouse models of breast cancer far earlier than current methods, a step toward earlier, life-saving diagnosis and treatment.Nanochains: Exposing Cancer's Lethal Couriers - Read more

World Heart Day: Heart Health Starts Earlier than You Think

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/09/2012] On World Heart Day, 29th September, the World Heart Federation is calling for people – specifically mothers who are gatekeepers to the home – to take action now to protect their own heart health, as well as that of their children and families to safeguard future generations.World Heart Day: Heart Health Starts Earlier than You Think - Read more

Blood Cancer: Double Assault on Tough Types of Leukemias

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/09/2012] Investigators at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine have identified two promising therapies to treat patients with acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMKL), a rare form of leukemia where the number of cases is expected to increase with the aging population.Blood Cancer: Double Assault on Tough Types of Leukemias - Read more

Fasting: “People take a reserved stance towards naturopathic procedures"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/09/2012] When people talk about fasting, they often mean caloric restriction in terms of a dietary regimen. Yet medically supervised fasting is so much more than this. Fasting has a positive effect on the human body in many different ways and could provide new perspectives for chronically sick people in the future. What mechanisms are behind all this – what is psychology and what is scientifically proven?Fasting: “People take a reserved stance towards naturopathic procedures" - Read more

Blood Protein: Dramatically Effective Against Strokes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/09/2012] Every two minutes someone in Germany suffers a stroke, yet there are hardly any effective treatments. Scientists from the University of Würzburg are now pursuing a new approach: inhibiting a blood protein seems to mitigate the negative consequences of strokes quite dramatically.Blood Protein: Dramatically Effective Against Strokes - Read more

Nanoparticles: Boosting Efficacy of Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/09/2012] Nanoparticles have shown great promise in the targeted delivery of drugs to cells, but researchers at the University of Georgia have refined the drug delivery process further by using nanoparticles to deliver drugs to a specific organelle within cells.Nanoparticles: Boosting Efficacy of Drugs - Read more

Disaster Medicine – Rescue Operations under Extreme Conditions

( Source: MEDICA-tradefair.com )

[20/09/2012] In case of a disaster, rescue teams have to act in a speedy and safe fashion – there is no room for uncertainties in such emergencies! That is why medical rescue teams and paramedics have to regularly participate in further training to practice for the safety required in case of an emergency.Disaster Medicine – Rescue Operations under Extreme Conditions - Read more

Transplantation: Half of Kidney Recipients Are Minorities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/09/2012] The largest United States multicenter study of living kidney transplant donor chains showed that 46 percent of recipients are minorities, a finding that allays previous fears that these groups would be disadvantaged by expansion of the donor pool through this type of exchange process.Transplantation: Half of Kidney Recipients Are Minorities - Read more

Hospital Facility Management – Successful Hospital Leadership

( Source: MEDICA-tradefair.com )

[20/09/2012] Maintaining quality of care in exceptional situations, planning the efficient use of floor space, managing building and renovation projects and the oversight of external service contractors are all responsibilities of a hospital facility manager.Hospital Facility Management – Successful Hospital Leadership - Read more

Postgraduate Training: Wound Experts in Greater Demand than ever

( Source: MEDICA-tradefair.com )

[20/09/2012] The number of chronic wounds increases and by now it has become clear that only special expert knowledge can help to counteract against this development. Therefore, uniform guidelines concerning wound care shall guarantee the optimum treatment of the patients.Postgraduate Training: Wound Experts in Greater Demand than ever - Read more

Smartphone: App Lets You Monitor Lung Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/09/2012] A new tool from researchers at the University of Washington, UW Medicine and Seattle Children's hospital lets people monitor their lung function at home or on the go simply by blowing into their smartphones.Smartphone: App Lets You Monitor Lung Health - Read more

Neurology: New Enzyme to Fight Alzheimer's Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/09/2012] An enzyme that could represent a powerful new tool for combating Alzheimer's disease has been discovered by researchers at Mayo Clinic in Florida. The enzyme — known as BACE2 — destroys beta-amyloid, a toxic protein fragment that litters the brains of patients who have the disease.Neurology: New Enzyme to Fight Alzheimer's Disease - Read more

World Alzheimer’s Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/09/2012] Dementia diseases affect more and more people - there are currently about 35 million patients worldwide. By 2050 the number will rise to an estimated 115 million. In order to raise attention for the situation of Alzheimer's patients, every year on 21 September, the World Alzheimer's Day takes place.World Alzheimer’s Day - Read more

COPD: The Mystery of The Third Signal

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/09/2012] At least three protective mechanisms defend the lungs against erroneous attacks by the body's own immune system. This was discovered by the Immuneregulation research group of Professor Dunja Bruder at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany.COPD: The Mystery of The Third Signal - Read more

Autism: Disorder of Neuronal Circuits is Reversible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/09/2012] People with autism suffer from a pervasive developmental disorder of the brain that becomes evident in early childhood. Peter Scheiffele and Kaspar Vogt, Professors at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel, have identified a specific dysfunction in neuronal circuits that is caused by autism. The scientists also report about their success in reversing these neuronal changes.Autism: Disorder of Neuronal Circuits is Reversible - Read more

Huntington: Learning Faster with Neurodegenerative Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/09/2012] People who bear the genetic mutation for Huntington’s disease learn faster than healthy people. The more pronounced the mutation was, the more quickly they learned. This is reported by researchers from the Ruhr- Universität Bochum. The team has thus demonstrated for the first time that neurodegenerative diseases can go hand in hand with increased learning efficiency.Huntington: Learning Faster with Neurodegenerative Disease - Read more

Shine and Rise: Light-Activated Reversal of Anesthesia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/09/2012] In a new study, a light-sensitive moiety has been added to propofol, a commonly used anesthetic, allowing its narcotic effect to be controlled by light. The compound also offers a possible route to the treatment of certain eye diseases.Shine and Rise: Light-Activated Reversal of Anesthesia - Read more

New Device: Electronic Jewelry for Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/09/2012] Bracelets and amulets are in the works at Dartmouth’s Institute for Security, Technology, and Society. Rather than items of mere adornment, the scientists and engineers are constructing personal mobile health (mHealth) devices — highly functional jewelry, as it were.New Device: Electronic Jewelry for Health - Read more

LED: The Dangers of Exposure to Light at Night

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/09/2012] A panel of world experts discussed “Light Pollution and its Ecophysiological Consequences” and shed light on the extent of the dangers and harm that night-time artificial lighting causes, emphasizing that it is the short wavelength illumination that we have come to know as “eco-friendly illumination” that is causing the most harm (primarily LED lighting).LED: The Dangers of Exposure to Light at Night - Read more

Stem Cells: Mending Kids' Broken Hearts

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/09/2012] Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, who are exploring novel ways to treat serious heart problems in children, have conducted the first direct comparison of the regenerative abilities of neonatal and adult-derived human cardiac stem cells.Stem Cells: Mending Kids' Broken Hearts - Read more

Devices: Scanner Prototype Represents Soft Tissue

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/09/2012] A promising approach for producing medical images with enhanced soft tissue visibility — grating-based x-ray phase contrast — has now advanced from bench-top studies to implementation in an in vivo preclinical computed tomography scanner.Devices: Scanner Prototype Represents Soft Tissue - Read more

Children: Access to Care Differ by Parents' Immigrant Status

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/09/2012] Health is an important part of development, with links to how children do cognitively and academically, and it's a strong predictor of adult health and productivity. A new study of low-income families in the United States has found that children's health and access to health care services differ according to the immigrant status of their parents.Children: Access to Care Differ by Parents' Immigrant Status - Read more

UK: Diabetes Problem in Minority Ethnic Populations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/09/2012] Half of all people of South Asian, African and African Caribbean descent will develop diabetes by age 80 according to a study of the Wellcome Trust and British Heart Foundation.UK: Diabetes Problem in Minority Ethnic Populations - Read more

Diagnosis: Biopsies May Overlook Esophagus Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/09/2012] University of Utah engineers mapped white blood cells called eonsinophils and showed an existing diagnostic method may overlook an elusive digestive disorder that causes swelling in the esophagus and painful swallowing.Diagnosis: Biopsies May Overlook Esophagus Disease - Read more

Information and Communication Technology:
IT comes to the bedside

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/09/2012] MEDICA.de spoke with Bernhard Calmer, Director of IT Sales Healthcare Germany for Siemens AG Medical Solutions and President and Chief Executive Officer of the German Association for Healthcare IT (bvitg e. V).Information and Communication Technology:
IT comes to the bedside -
Read more

Elderly: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Increases Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/09/2012] Untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality in the elderly, and adequate treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may significantly reduce this risk, according to a new study from researchers in Spain.Elderly: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Increases Mortality - Read more

Health System: Improving Care and Reducing Costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/09/2012] America's health care system has become too complex and costly to continue business as usual, says a new study from the Institute of Medicine. Inefficiencies, an overwhelming amount of data, and other economic and quality barriers hinder progress in improving health and threaten the nation's economic stability and global competitiveness.Health System: Improving Care and Reducing Costs - Read more

Preeclampsia: A Significant Long-term Health Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/09/2012] Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers have determined that preeclampsia is a significant risk factor for long-term health issues, such as chronic hypertension and hospitalizations later in life.Preeclampsia: A Significant Long-term Health Risk - Read more

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Minimally Invasive Surgery Works Well

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/09/2012] A minimally invasive procedure known as endovascular repair used for abdominal aortic aneurysms has a low rate of complications, even in high-risk patients such as those with kidney, heart or lung problems, a Mayo Clinic study shows.Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Minimally Invasive Surgery Works Well - Read more

Arthritis: Biologic Therapies Not Associated with Cancer Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/09/2012] Biologic therapies developed in the last decade for rheumatoid arthritis are not associated with an increased risk of cancer when compared with traditional treatments for the condition, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.Arthritis: Biologic Therapies Not Associated with Cancer Risk - Read more

Warning: E-cigarettes Can Damage the Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/09/2012] New research has shown that despite electronic cigarettes being marketed as a potentially safer alternative to normal cigarettes, they are still causing harm to the lungs. A new study has added new evidence to the debate over the safety of alternative nicotine-delivery products.Warning: E-cigarettes Can Damage the Lungs - Read more

Drug Addiction: Traumatic Childhood may Increase the Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/09/2012] Research from the University of Cambridge examines the link between a traumatic upbringing and personality traits which increase the risk of addiction. Drug Addiction: Traumatic Childhood may Increase the Risk - Read more

Sleeping Sickness: Bacterium Transforms into Weapon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/08/2012] Scientists of the Antwerp Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITG) opened a new front against the cause of sleeping sickness. This parasite is transmitted between humans by tsetse flies. The researchers learned a bacterium how to produce antibodies against the parasite.Sleeping Sickness: Bacterium Transforms into Weapon - Read more

Arrhythmia Treatment: Gaps Between Eastern and Western Europe

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/08/2012] The EHRA White Book by the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) reports on the current status of arrhythmia treatments in the 54 member of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) countries and has been published every year since 2008.Arrhythmia Treatment: Gaps Between Eastern and Western Europe - Read more

Infections: African Antimalarial Research Bears First Fruit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/08/2012] A recently discovered compound from the aminopyridine class, code named MMV390048, caused quite a stir at the Expert Scientific Advisory Committee (ESAC) of Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) meeting in Toulouse, France.Infections: African Antimalarial Research Bears First Fruit - Read more

USA: Medical Exemptions from School Vaccination Requirements

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/08/2012] In states where medical exemptions from vaccination requirements for kindergarten students are easier to get, exemption rates are higher, potentially compromising herd immunity and posing a threat to children and others who truly should not be immunized because of underlying conditions, according to a study.USA: Medical Exemptions from School Vaccination Requirements - Read more

Tracing the Causes: Vitamin B12 Deficiency

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/08/2012] Vitamin B12 is vital. In collaboration with colleagues from Canada, Germany and the United States, researchers from Zurich’s University Children’s Hospital and the University of Zurich have succeeded in decoding a novel cause of hereditary vitamin B12 deficiency. Tracing the Causes: Vitamin B12 Deficiency - Read more

Parkinson’s Disease: WalkMate System for Improving the Quality of Life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/08/2012] Tokyo Institut of Technology‘s researchers have developed an innovative, non-invasive therapeutic intervention that may improve the mobility, stability, and quality of life of Parkinson’s disease patients.Parkinson’s Disease: WalkMate System for Improving the Quality of Life - Read more

Nutrition: Improved Sperm DNA Quality in Older Men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/08/2012] A new study led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) found that a healthy intake of micronutrients is strongly associated with improved sperm DNA quality in older men. In younger men, however, a higher intake of micronutrients did not improve their sperm DNA.Nutrition: Improved Sperm DNA Quality in Older Men - Read more

Cancer: New Scanner Halves Radiation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/08/2012] Current cancer examinations involve high levels of radiation. Based on the Big Bang research in CERN, particle physicists at University in Oslo have created a brand new technology that combines the PET and MR medical imaging technologies. This combination involves much less radiation than current technology.Cancer: New Scanner Halves Radiation - Read more

UK: Inconsistent Consultant Websites Could Try Patients’ Patience

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/08/2012] There is a lack of consistency in the amount of information available to patients to help them make informed choices about their healthcare, say researchers at Northumbria University.UK: Inconsistent Consultant Websites Could Try Patients’ Patience - Read more

Hormones: Therapeutic Avenues for Parkinson's Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/08/2012] Body's own hormone shows promise in protecting dopamine, leading to possible treatments. Now, scientists at the University of Houston (UH) have discovered what may possibly be a key ingredient in the fight against Parkinson's disease.Hormones: Therapeutic Avenues for Parkinson's Disease - Read more

Risk of Suicide: Close Contact with Young People Has No Effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/08/2012] Researchers, doctors and patients tend to agree that during the high-risk period after an attempted suicide, the treatment of choice is close contact, follow-up and personal interaction in order to prevent a tragic repeat. Now, however, new research shows that this strategy does not work.Risk of Suicide: Close Contact with Young People Has No Effect - Read more

Early-Stage Follicular Lymphoma: Many Options and Good Outcomes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/08/2012] A University of Rochester Medical Center study challenges treatment guidelines for early stage follicular lymphoma, concluding that six different therapies can bring a remission, particularly if the patient is carefully examined and staged at diagnosis.Early-Stage Follicular Lymphoma: Many Options and Good Outcomes - Read more

United Kingdom: Public Health Needs a Radical Shake Up

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2012] Professor Gerard Hastings from the Institute for Social Marketing at the University of Stirling argues that marketing by multinational corporations "threatens our mental wellbeing, exacerbates inequalities, and encourages unsustainable consumption."United Kingdom: Public Health Needs a Radical Shake Up - Read more

Lung Cancer Treatment: Bruce Lee helps us to fight lung tumors”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2012] In many movies, Bruce Lee fights against different villains with Asian fighting methods. Even though scientists at the GSI Helmholz Center for Heavy Ion Research (GSI Helmholzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung) use other techniques to fight lung cancer, they work at least as effectively as the 70’s movie icon with their thorax model “Bruce Lee”.Lung Cancer Treatment: Bruce Lee helps us to fight lung tumors” - Read more

Alzheimer's Patients: Delirium and Long-term Cognitive Decline

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/08/2012] Patients with Alzheimer's disease who suffered episodes of delirium while hospitalized had a sharply increased rate of mental decline for up to five years after being hospitalized compared to those who did not have any such episodes, according to a study by researchers at the Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife.Alzheimer's Patients: Delirium and Long-term Cognitive Decline - Read more

Diabetic Patients: Investing in Quality of Care Reduces Costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/08/2012] University of Minnesota School of Public Health researchers have found that medical group practices can reduce costs for patients with diabetes by investing in improved quality of care.Diabetic Patients: Investing in Quality of Care Reduces Costs - Read more

Physiotherapist – More than just a job

( Source: MEDICA-tradefair.com )

[20/08/2012] Physiotherapists mobilize after a hip surgery and limber people up after a sporting accident. Young and old put themselves faithfully in the hands of these experts and depend on the great education of therapists and their practical experience. Physiotherapist – More than just a job - Read more

Economy: Use of Retail Medical Clinics Continues to Grow

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/08/2012] Fast-growing retail medical clinics are attracting more older patients and delivering more preventive care, particularly flu shots and other vaccinations, according to a new study from the RAND Corporation.Economy: Use of Retail Medical Clinics Continues to Grow - Read more

Cartilage Repair: Nanoscale Scaffolds and Stem Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/08/2012] Johns Hopkins tissue engineers have used tiny, artificial fibre scaffolds thousands of times smaller than a human hair to help coax stem cells into developing into cartilage, the shock-absorbing lining of elbows and knees that often wears thin from injury or age.Cartilage Repair: Nanoscale Scaffolds and Stem Cells - Read more

Eyes: An Artificial Retina Restores Normal Vision

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/08/2012] Two researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College have deciphered a mouse's retina's neural code and coupled this information to a novel prosthetic device to restore sight to blind mice. The researchers say they have also cracked the code for a monkey retina and hope to quickly design and test a device that blind humans can use.Eyes: An Artificial Retina Restores Normal Vision - Read more

Pain Relief: Blocking Addiction of Heroin and Morphine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/08/2012] In a major breakthrough, an international team of scientists has proven that addiction to morphine and heroin can be blocked, while at the same time increasing pain relief.Pain Relief: Blocking Addiction of Heroin and Morphine - Read more

Urology: Self-referral Can Increase Distance for Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/08/2012] Men with prostate cancer in Texas may be driving more than three times farther than needed to obtain radiation oncology treatments for their cancer when treated at a urology-owned radiation oncology practice versus other facilities, according to a study.Urology: Self-referral Can Increase Distance for Treatment - Read more

Cancer Therapies: New Method May Allow Personalized Clinical Trial

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/08/2012] An approach, developed by investigators at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, shows that erlotinib – a targeted therapy that acts on a growth factor receptor mutated in some lung, brain and other cancers – does not simply kill tumor cells as was previously assumed.Cancer Therapies: New Method May Allow Personalized Clinical Trial - Read more

Leukoaraiosis: Altered Brain Function in Elderly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/08/2012] Researchers at the Mayo Clinic say a common condition called leukoaraiosis is not harmless. It is made up of tiny areas in the brain that have been deprived of oxygen and appear as bright white dots on MRI scans. It is a part of the aging process, but rather a disease that alters brain function in the elderly.Leukoaraiosis: Altered Brain Function in Elderly - Read more

Trauma Care: Spending More - No Higher Survival Rates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/08/2012] A large-scale review of national patient records reveals that although survival rates are the same, the cost of treating trauma patients in the western United States is 33 percent higher than the bill for treating similarly injured patients in the Northeast.Trauma Care: Spending More - No Higher Survival Rates - Read more

Patient-Physician Relationship: Role of Governments and Legislation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/08/2012] The American College of Physicians (ACP) recommends principles for the role of federal and state governments in health care and the patient-physician relationship.Patient-Physician Relationship: Role of Governments and Legislation - Read more

Project Artificial Heart: ”An absolutely reliable function has to be guaranteed over a long period of time“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/08/2012] It is the dream of those who are on the waiting list for a donor heart: an artificial heart that can be immediately implanted as needed and thus saves lives. ReinHeart is the name of the artificial heart system that is currently being developed at the Institute for Applied Medical Technology at RWTH Aachen University (AME). Project Artificial Heart: ”An absolutely reliable function has to be guaranteed over a long period of time“ - Read more

Medicaid: Poorest Americans at Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/08/2012] Health coverage for the poorest Americans could be in jeopardy in many states as a result of the United States Supreme Court's ruling last month on the Affordable Care Act, according to a new legal analysis.Medicaid: Poorest Americans at Risk - Read more

Liver: New Approach to Treat Acute Failure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/08/2012] Now the physicians of the Max Delbrück Center (MDC) Berlin, Germany, have developed a new treatment of liver failure approach based on a mouse model. In their current study the liver failure was reversed and the mice recovered completely. The researchers hope to soon be able to test their new approach in clinical trials.Liver: New Approach to Treat Acute Failure - Read more

Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/08/2012] In the United States, one in 10 children suffers from asthma. Researchers of the University of Cincinnati now report new evidence that exposure to three types of mold during infancy may have a direct link to asthma development during childhood.Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk - Read more

Early Treatment: Earning Potential for People with HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/08/2012] In a first-of-its-kind health campaign in Uganda, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show that adults with HIV who had less severe infections could work more hours per week, and their children were more likely to be enrolled in school.Early Treatment: Earning Potential for People with HIV - Read more

Nurse Staffing: Burnout Linked to Hospital Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2012] Nurse burnout leads to higher healthcare-associated infection rates (HAIs) and costs hospitals millions of additional dollars annually, according to a study of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.Nurse Staffing: Burnout Linked to Hospital Infections - Read more

Kinesio Tape: Well stuck on is half the cure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2012] Colorful, elastic, sticky – we are not talking about a new chewing gum here, but about Kinesio tapes. Physiotherapists increasingly use the colorful soft tape for pain treatment. MEDICA.de took a closer look.Kinesio Tape: Well stuck on is half the cure - Read more

Surgery: Kidney Removal and Erectile Dysfunction

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/07/2012] Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a link between patients who undergo total nephrectomy - complete kidney removal - and erectile dysfunction.Surgery: Kidney Removal and Erectile Dysfunction - Read more

Colorectal Operations: Safety Program Lowers Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/07/2012] A surgical patient safety program that combines three components — accurate outcome measurement, support of hospital leadership, and engaged frontline providers — reduces surgical site infections (SSIs) by 33 per cent in patients who undergo colorectal procedures, according to a new study.Colorectal Operations: Safety Program Lowers Infections - Read more

Hot Asphalt: Higher Cancer Rates in Roofers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/07/2012] A University of Colorado Cancer Centre study shows that roofers have higher PAH blood-levels after working a shift and that these high levels of PAHs are linked with increased rates of DNA damage, and potentially with higher cancer risk.Hot Asphalt: Higher Cancer Rates in Roofers - Read more

World Hepatitis Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/07/2012] On 28 July 2012 was World Hepatitis Day. The topic of this year was: “This is hepatitis… It’s closer than you think.”World Hepatitis Day - Read more

Immune System: Protective Role of Skin Microbiota

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/07/2012] A research team at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has found that bacteria that normally live in the skin may help protect the body from infection. As the largest organ of the body, the skin represents a major site of interaction with microbes in the environment.Immune System: Protective Role of Skin Microbiota - Read more

Intestinal Diseases: How Malnutrition Leads to Inflamed Intestines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/07/2012] Researchers at the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology in Vienna, Austria, have uncovered how malnutrition, affecting millions of people, leads to diarrhoea, inflamed intestines and immune system disorders.Intestinal Diseases: How Malnutrition Leads to Inflamed Intestines - Read more

Celiac Disease: Medical Follow-up Is Less Than Optimal

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/07/2012] Follow-up exams for patients with celiac disease are often inadequate and highly variable, according to a new study of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA).Celiac Disease: Medical Follow-up Is Less Than Optimal - Read more

Goal-directed Behaviour: Stress Hormones Switch Off Areas of The Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/07/2012] Cognition psychologists at the Ruhr-Universität together with colleagues from the University Hospital Bergmannsheil have discovered why stressed persons are more likely to lapse back into habits than to behave goal-directed.Goal-directed Behaviour: Stress Hormones Switch Off Areas of The Brain - Read more

Virtopsy: "We see findings we perhaps would not discover otherwise"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/07/2012] The virtual examination of a dead person’s body is a new field in forensic medicine. The procedure, also called virtopsy, performs the autopsy via computer and enables detailed insights into the body of a deceased. This way, injuries can be analyzed to scale from different angles.Virtopsy: "We see findings we perhaps would not discover otherwise" - Read more

Stroke: Experimental Drug May Extend Therapeutic Window

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2012] A team led by a physician-scientist at the University of Southern California (USC) has created an experimental drug that reduces brain damage and improves motor skills among stroke-afflicted rodents when given with federally approved clot-busting therapy.Stroke: Experimental Drug May Extend Therapeutic Window - Read more

Kawasaki Disease: Increased Risk of Adult Heart Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2012] Cedars-Sinai researchers have linked Kawasaki Disease, a serious childhood illness that causes inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body, with early-onset and accelerated atherosclerosis, a leading cause of heart disease in adults.Kawasaki Disease: Increased Risk of Adult Heart Disease - Read more

Ozone Standard: Reducing Mortality and Morbidity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/07/2012] Establishing a more stringent ozone standard in the United States would significantly reduce ozone-related premature mortality and morbidity, according to a new study.Ozone Standard: Reducing Mortality and Morbidity - Read more

Medicare: Revised Geographic Adjustments to Improve Payments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/07/2012] Changing the way that Medicare payments are adjusted to account for regional variations in the cost of providing care as recommended by a previous report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) would result in payment increases for some hospitals and practitioners and decreases for others.Medicare: Revised Geographic Adjustments to Improve Payments - Read more

Autism: Brain Scans Detect Early Signs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/07/2012] A new study shows significant differences in brain development in high-risk infants who develop autism starting as early as age 6 months. The findings reveal that this abnormal brain development may be detected before the appearance of autism symptoms in an infant's first year of life. Autism is typically diagnosed around the age of 2 or 3.Autism: Brain Scans Detect Early Signs - Read more

Agencies: Dangerous Caregivers for Elderly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/07/2012] Agencies place unqualified, possibly criminal caregivers in homes of vulnerable seniors. Study shows ways of prevention. Agencies: Dangerous Caregivers for Elderly - Read more

Weight Gain: High-fat Diet Increases Sleep Fragmentation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/07/2012] Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB) finds that prolonged exposure to a high-fat diet reduces the quality of sleep in rats.Weight Gain: High-fat Diet Increases Sleep Fragmentation - Read more

Strategy Limb Girdle and Muscular Dystrophies: New Gene Transfer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/07/2012] The challenge of treating patients with genetic disorders in which a single mutated gene is simply too large to be replaced using traditional gene therapy techniques may soon be a thing of the past. A Nationwide Children's Hospital study describes a new gene therapy approach capable of delivering full-length versions of large genes and improving skeletal muscle function. Strategy Limb Girdle and Muscular Dystrophies: New Gene Transfer - Read more

HPV Vaccine: Reducing Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/07/2012] The HPV vaccine not only has resulted in a decrease in human papillomavirus infection in immunized teens but also in teens who were not immunized. The study lead by the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center is believed to be the first to show a substantial decrease in HPV infection in a community setting as well as herd.HPV Vaccine: Reducing Infection - Read more

German Biobank Registry: “An overview for science and the public”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/07/2012] Every day, patients and test persons give blood or tissue samples. Every day this increases the material quantities and data volumes in biobanks. The German Biobank Registry (Das Deutsche Biobanken-Register) now gives scientists and the interested public an overall view of the national inventories.German Biobank Registry: “An overview for science and the public” - Read more

Debilitating Eyesight: Good News for Aging Eyes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/07/2012] Today’s senior citizens are reporting fewer visual impairment problems than their counterparts from a generation ago, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study. Debilitating Eyesight: Good News for Aging Eyes - Read more

Switzerland: Recommendations of Federal Office of Public Health Reinforced

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/07/2012] Several clinical trials have looked at whether the number of hip fractures and the horrendous costs associated with them can be reduced by administering prophylactic vitamin D. The results have been inconsistent. Researchers working with Heike Bischoff-Ferrari from the Centre on Ageing and Mobility at Zurich University have now produced a new overview of the data. Switzerland: Recommendations of Federal Office of Public Health Reinforced - Read more

Kids with Behaviour Problems: Tendency to be Bullied

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/07/2012] Students receiving special-education services for behavioural disorders and those with more obvious disabilities are more likely to be bullied than their general-education counterparts – and are also more likely to bully other students, a new study shows.Kids with Behaviour Problems: Tendency to be Bullied - Read more

Brain: Why Chronic Pain is All in your Head

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/07/2012] A new study shows for the first time that chronic pain develops the more two sections of the brain - related to emotional and motivational behaviour - talk to each other. The more they communicate, the greater the chance a patient will develop chronic pain. Brain: Why Chronic Pain is All in your Head - Read more

New Insights: Stress and Pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/07/2012] Expectant mothers who dealt with the strain of a hurricane or major tropical storm passing nearby during their pregnancy had children who were at elevated risk for abnormal health conditions at birth, according to a study led by a Princeton University researcher that offers new insights into the effects of stress on pregnancy. New Insights: Stress and Pregnancy - Read more

Computer Networks: "We can arrive considerably faster at the patient-specific mutations"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2012] Some scientific problems cannot be solved by using simple means. They require a fast “superbrain“ to be able to process and draw conclusions from extremely complex data. Now scientists at the Charité in collaboration with the Hasso-Plattner-Institute have launched a high-performance computer that could become important for personalized medicine. Computer Networks: "We can arrive considerably faster at the patient-specific mutations" - Read more

Research: Cognitive-behavioural Therapy Effective in Combating Anxiety Disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2012] Whether it is a phobia like spiders or a diagnosis such as obsessive compulsive disorder, new research by University of Houston finds patients suffering from anxiety disorders showed the most improvement when treated with cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in conjunction with a "transdiagnostic" approach – a model that allows therapists to apply one set of principles across anxiety disorders. Research: Cognitive-behavioural Therapy Effective in Combating Anxiety Disorders - Read more

Personalized Medicine: Patients on the wrong path

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2012] While many physicians immediately think of biomarkers, genetic fingerprinting and new possibilities for cancer treatments when they hear the key words personalized medicine, most patients view the issue differently. They rightly assume that means they receive a treatment that places them in the center – and not just their genes. Personalized Medicine: Patients on the wrong path - Read more

Study: Treating Diabetes Early and Intensively is Best Strategy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2012] Intensive early treatment of type 2 diabetes slows down progression of the disease by preserving the body's insulin-producing capacity, a UT Southwestern study has shown.Study: Treating Diabetes Early and Intensively is Best Strategy - Read more

Women: Treating Vitamin D Deficiency May Improve Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/06/2012] Women with moderate to severe depression had substantial improvement in their symptoms of depression after they received treatment for their vitamin D deficiency, a new study finds.Women: Treating Vitamin D Deficiency May Improve Depression - Read more

Women: Device Managed Effective Incontinence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/06/2012] A device developed by Loyola University Health System (LUHS) researchers used to prevent incontinence in women who undergo a common pelvic-floor surgery reduces symptoms but increases side effects in these patients.Women: Device Managed Effective Incontinence - Read more

Parkinson's Disease: Call for More Research

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/06/2012] When a neurologist and neurosurgeon believe deep brain stimulation may help a patient suffering from Parkinson’s disease they target either of two structures – the internal globus pallidus or the subthalamic nucleus – in an area of the brain that controls voluntary muscle movements.Parkinson's Disease: Call for More Research - Read more

Miniature Sensors: ”It can be used for many different applications“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/06/2012] Tracking magnetic particles through the human body – this is one potential application for a new sensor that was developed by Professor Franz Faupel and his team at the Christian Albrecht University of Kiel (CAU) in Germany. In a conversation with the project manager, MEDICA.de found out what makes it different from other sensors and what benefits it can have for medical technology. Miniature Sensors: ”It can be used for many different applications“ - Read more

Skin Cancer: Cause of Pain in the Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/06/2012] Apply the ointment, light on, light off – that is how easy it is to cure various forms of non-melanoma skin cancer. However, the majority of patients suffer severe pain during the so-termed photodynamic therapy. Why the treatment can be so painful has now been uncovered.Skin Cancer: Cause of Pain in the Treatment - Read more

Europe: Time to Act on COPD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/06/2012] The European COPD Coalition (ECC) is using the presence of a major international conference on lung health in Birmingham in England (COPD8) to call for lung testing to be a basic health right for all across Europe and better training for healthcare professionals.Europe: Time to Act on COPD - Read more

Auxiliary Means: Until the Prosthesis Fits

( Source: MEDICA-tradefair.com )

[20/06/2012] After accidents and amputations, prosthetics help in replacing missing body parts. However, for the devices to function optimally, they have to be fitted well to the wearer. A comprehensive process – from manufacturing to walking training. Auxiliary Means: Until the Prosthesis Fits - Read more

Antitoxin-strategy: May Help Target other Pathogens

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/06/2012] Researchers have unveiled a novel strategy for neutralising unwanted molecules and clearing them from the body. The strategy employs chains of binding agents, like “beads on a string”, which target two sites on one or more pathogenic molecules to neutralise their activity and promote their clearance by the body’s immune system.Antitoxin-strategy: May Help Target other Pathogens - Read more

Skin Disease: Psoriasis Increases Risk of Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/06/2012] Psoriasis is an independent risk for Type 2 Diabetes, according to a new study by researchers of the University of Pennsylvania, with the greatest risk seen in patients with severe psoriasis.Skin Disease: Psoriasis Increases Risk of Diabetes - Read more

Lung: Pathogens in Biofilm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/06/2012] People with the hereditary disease "cystic fibrosis" usually die as a result of chronic pulmonary infections. Scientists of the University of Basel have discovered that genetic modifications in a pathogen causing pneumonia help it to persist life-long in the lungs of a patient.Lung: Pathogens in Biofilm - Read more

Antioxidant: Protection Against Cardiovascular Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/06/2012] University of Minnesota Medical School researchers discovered an enzyme that, when found at high levels and alongside low levels of HDL (good cholesterol), can dramatically reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.Antioxidant: Protection Against Cardiovascular Disease - Read more

Polyps: Virtual Colonoscopy Equals Standard

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/06/2012] Computed tomographic colonography (CTC), also known as virtual colonoscopy, administered without laxatives is as accurate as conventional colonoscopy in detecting clinically significant, potentially cancerous polyps, according to a study.Polyps: Virtual Colonoscopy Equals Standard - Read more

Leukaemia: Marker Distinguishes More-Aggressive Form

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/06/2012] People newly diagnosed with chronic leukaemia must often wait to learn if they have a faster- or slower-progressing form of the disease. This study identified a molecular marker that quickly helps to distinguish which form a patient has. The findings could enable patients with aggressive disease to start treatment sooner.Leukaemia: Marker Distinguishes More-Aggressive Form - Read more

Prosthetic Hands: Development Stagnated for Twenty Years

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/06/2012] The development of body-powered prosthetic hands has stagnated for over twenty years. That is the main conclusion of a study by researchers from Delft University of Technology and the University of Groningen into this type of prosthesis.Prosthetic Hands: Development Stagnated for Twenty Years - Read more

Treatment: Web-based Tool Helps Children with Asthma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/06/2012] New study results from Seattle Children's Research Institute found that parents who used an interactive website to track their child's usage of asthma controller medications, improved compliance with asthma controller medication use.Treatment: Web-based Tool Helps Children with Asthma - Read more

Patients: Protected From Diabetic Eye Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/06/2012] Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Centre have completed a study of 158 people who have lived with type 1 diabetes (T1D) for 50 years or more with eye examinations and have concluded that a high proportion of this unique group of patients developed little to no diabetic eye disease over time.Patients: Protected From Diabetic Eye Disease - Read more

Large Waistlines: Increased Mortality Risk Older People

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/06/2012] Older people with large waistlines have a higher mortality rate than those with a slim waistline. This was shown in a new study conducted by the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Large Waistlines: Increased Mortality Risk Older People - Read more

Systems Biology: "There is an enormous automation in laboratory techniques"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2012] The function of systems biology is to treat organs and biological organisms as a whole. In doing so, researchers among other things examine interactions and different aspects of the human cell. This still young discipline creates interfaces to biology, mathematics and physics to be able to understand regulatory processes for cells, tissues and organisms and thus get an integrated idea.Systems Biology: "There is an enormous automation in laboratory techniques" - Read more

Health Risk: Air Pollution Linked to Chronic Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2012] Air pollution, a serious danger to the environment, is also a major health risk, associated with respiratory infections, lung cancer and heart disease. Now a Tel Aviv University researcher has concluded that not only does air pollution impact cardiac events such as heart attack and stroke, but it also causes repeated episodes over the long term.Health Risk: Air Pollution Linked to Chronic Disease - Read more

Huntington's Disease: Cell Contents for Controlling Toxicity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2012] New research into the cell-damaging effects of Huntington's disease suggests a potentially new approach for identifying possible therapeutic targets for treating the nerve-destroying disorder.Huntington's Disease: Cell Contents for Controlling Toxicity - Read more

Kidney Cancer: Immune Therapy Shows Promise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/06/2012] An antibody that helps a person's own immune system battle cancer cells shows increasing promise in reducing tumours in patients with advanced kidney cancer, according to researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre.Kidney Cancer: Immune Therapy Shows Promise - Read more