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'Pulse' technology may replenish skin's collagen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye and skin of a woman [02/07/2015] A team of Tel Aviv University and Harvard Medical School researchers has devised a non-invasive technique that harnesses pulsed electric fields to generate new skin tissue growth.'Pulse' technology may replenish skin's collagen - Read more

Does radiation from X-rays and CT scans really cause cancer?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray of a child's head [02/07/2015] In recent years, there has been widespread media coverage of studies purporting to show that radiation from X-rays, CT scans and other medical imaging causes cancer. But such studies have serious flaws, including their reliance on an unproven statistical model, according to a recent article in the journal Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment. Does radiation from X-rays and CT scans really cause cancer? - Read more

Patients with recurrent depression have smaller hippocampi

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Grapic: Brain [01/07/2015] The brains of people with recurrent depression have a significantly smaller hippocampus - the part of the brain most associated with forming new memories - than healthy individuals, a new global study of nearly 9,000 people reveals.Patients with recurrent depression have smaller hippocampi - Read more

Researchers map important enzyme in the fight against cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Grapic: Cancer cell [01/07/2015] Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have discovered what regulates an enzyme that is central to the growth of cancer tumours. This could be of great value to future cancer treatment.Researchers map important enzyme in the fight against cancer - Read more

Increasing regulation of care service makes sector less attractive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elderly woman and caregiver [30/06/2015] Over 1.5 million people currently work in the care sector in the UK. However, health and social care sector have experienced challenges in recent years as a result of austerity measures in the public sector which has had implications for the pay and pensions of those working in the sector. With growing demands and fewer resources, the issue of workforce planning has become increasingly critical.Increasing regulation of care service makes sector less attractive - Read more

Umbilical cord 'milking' improves blood flow in preterm infants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Preterm born baby [30/06/2015] A technique to increase the flow of blood from the umbilical cord into the infant's circulatory system improves blood pressure and red blood cell levels in preterm infants delivered by Cesarean section, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.Umbilical cord 'milking' improves blood flow in preterm infants - Read more

Earlier and easier detection of colorectal cancer?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The process of detecting cancer in tissue samples [29/06/2015] Chemists at Caltech have developed a new sensitive technique capable of detecting colorectal cancer in tissue samples.Earlier and easier detection of colorectal cancer? - Read more

New conductive ink for electronic apparel

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Printing process on textile [29/06/2015] University of Tokyo researchers have developed a new ink that can be printed on textiles in a single step to form highly conductive and stretchable connections. New conductive ink for electronic apparel - Read more

Diabetic blindness: Best source of stem cells to block vision loss

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [26/06/2015] Researchers have taken a significant step forward in their efforts to use stem cells to block vision loss caused by diabetic retinopathy, a condition that affects millions of people with diabetes.Diabetic blindness: Best source of stem cells to block vision loss - Read more

First human with prosthetic leg that can feel

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with prothesis and a bike [26/06/2015] An Austrian team of researchers has successfully fitted a human being with a leg prosthesis that sends feelings to its wearer. The study results indicate that it greatly increases safety when in motion.First human with prosthetic leg that can feel - Read more

Disabled people pilot a robot with their thoughts

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Roboter with picture of a patient on it [25/06/2015] Multi-year research project aims to give a measure of independence to paralyzed people. This technology has shown that it works well and is easy to use.Disabled people pilot a robot with their thoughts - Read more

Fructose produces less rewarding sensations in the brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRI image of the brain [25/06/2015] Fructose not only results in a lower level of satiety, it also stimulates the reward system in the brain to a lesser degree than glucose. This may cause excessive consumption accompanied by effects that are a risk to health, report researchers from the University of Basel.Fructose produces less rewarding sensations in the brain - Read more

Brain scans of passengers who experienced nightmare flight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain scan [24/06/2015] A group of passengers who thought they were going to die when their plane ran out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean in August, 2001 have had their brains scanned while recalling the terrifying moments to help science better understand trauma memories and how they are processed in the brain. Brain scans of passengers who experienced nightmare flight - Read more

Users to fine-tune hearing aids themselves

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man and woman fine-tuning a hearing aid [24/06/2015] More than 20 per cent of people with hearing aids use their devices for less than one hour a day because of problems they encounter with tuning the settings. But now users can participate in fine-tuning their devices themselves.Users to fine-tune hearing aids themselves - Read more

Diabetes: Smart insulin patch

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Insulin patch [23/06/2015] Painful insulin injections could become a thing of the past, thanks to a new invention from researchers at the University of North Carolina and NC State, who have created the first "smart insulin patch" that can detect increases in blood sugar levels and secrete doses of insulin into the bloodstream whenever needed. Diabetes: Smart insulin patch - Read more

New composite material as CO2 sensor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Small chip between pincers [23/06/2015] A new material changes its conductivity depending on the concentration of CO2 in the environment. The researchers who developed it have utilized the material to produce a miniature, simply constructed sensor.New composite material as CO2 sensor - Read more

Access to electricity is linked to reduced sleep

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman trying to sleep [22/06/2015] New research comparing traditional hunter-gatherer living conditions to a more modern setting shows that access to artificial light and electricity has shortened the amount of sleep humans get each night. The Research is the first study to document this relationship in the field.Access to electricity is linked to reduced sleep - Read more

Patients test drive pacemaker before choosing permanent implant

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: No Pacemaker Sign [22/06/2015] Patients are test driving a pacemaker outside the skin before deciding whether to have a permanent implant, reveals novel research presented by Professor Michael Giudici, director of arrhythmia services in the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics.Patients test drive pacemaker before choosing permanent implant - Read more

Longer breaks between shifts promote nurses' recovery from work

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two nurses care for an old woman in hospital bed [19/06/2015] Reducing short breaks between shifts helps nurses recover from work, according to a new study from Finland. The study analyzed the effects of longer rest and recovery periods between shifts on heart rate variability, which is an indicator of recovery.Longer breaks between shifts promote nurses' recovery from work - Read more

Placenta-on-a-chip to better understand pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Little girl kisses the belly of a pregnant woman [19/06/2015] National Institutes of Health (NIH) researchers and their colleagues have developed a "placenta-on-a-chip" to study the inner workings of the human placenta and its role in pregnancy. The device was designed to imitate, on a micro-level, the structure and function of the placenta and model the transfer of nutrients from mother to fetus. Placenta-on-a-chip to better understand pregnancy - Read more

Optical Coherence Tomography: Removing brain tumor safer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Technique is used in the brain [18/06/2015] Brain surgery is difficult for good reason: When removing a tumor, for example, neurosurgeons walk a tightrope as they try to take out as much of the cancer as possible while keeping crucial brain tissue intact. Now Johns Hopkins researchers have developed an imaging technology that could provide surgeons with a color-coded map of a patient’s brain showing which areas are and are not cancer.Optical Coherence Tomography: Removing brain tumor safer - Read more

Restoring natural immunity against cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Histological section of two mouse melanomas [18/06/2015] Scientists at the Institut Pasteur and Inserm have successfully increased the infiltration of immune cells into tumors, thus inducing the immune system to block tumor growth. In an article published in Nature Immunology, the scientists show that, in combination with existing immunotherapies, this process efficiently destroys cancer cells.Restoring natural immunity against cancer - Read more

Novel source of X-rays for imaging purposes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Thorsten Naeser standing next to the lasersystem [17/06/2015] Physicists at LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics have validated a novel laser-driven means of generating bright and highly energetic X-ray beams. The method opens up new ways of imaging the fine structure of matter.Novel source of X-rays for imaging purposes - Read more

World spends more than $200 billion to make countries healthier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor holding a stethoscope on a globe [17/06/2015] Global health financing increased significantly after 2000, when the United Nations established the Millennium Development Goals, which included a strong focus on health. This trend in funding has only recently started to change, according to new research by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington. World spends more than $200 billion to make countries healthier - Read more

New mechanism that attacks viral infections discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: green virus [16/06/2015] An innovative mechanism that the innate immune system uses to control viral infections has been uncovered by researchers at the University Medical Centers in Mainz and Freiburg. Central to this is the discovery that two different but related elements of the immune system can act together in concert to fight, for example, rotavirus infections. New mechanism that attacks viral infections discovered - Read more

100 g of chocolate daily linked to lowered stroke risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pieces of chocolate [15/06/2015] Eating up to 100 g of chocolate every day is linked to lowered heart disease and stroke risk, finds research published online in the journal Heart. There does not seem to be any evidence for cutting out chocolate to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, conclude the researchers.100 g of chocolate daily linked to lowered stroke risk - Read more

Autoimmunity: New immunoregulation and biomarker

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Green cells with cell core [15/06/2015] Clinicians at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have elucidated a mechanism involved in determining the lifespan of antibody-producing cells, and identified a promising new biomarker for monitoring autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis and lupus erythematosus.Autoimmunity: New immunoregulation and biomarker - Read more

Mini-breast grown in petri dishes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Detail of breast epithelial cells [15/06/2015] About 70.000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year in Germany alone. Despite significant progress in the treatment of common types of breast cancer, some aggressive subtypes of the disease are poorly understood and remain incurable. A new experimental model opens new avenues for mammary gland biology and basic breast cancer research. Mini-breast grown in petri dishes - Read more

Artificial pancreas system for children with type 1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [12/06/2015] A Montréal research team, co-supervised by Dr. Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret from the IRCM and Dr. Laurent Legault from the Montreal Children's Hospital, undertook the first paediatric outpatient study to compare three alternative treatments for type 1 diabetes.Artificial pancreas system for children with type 1 diabetes - Read more

Women with lupus and APS: Risk of reduced fertility and pregnancy complication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnant woman lying on a couch [12/06/2015] New recommendations by EULAR for women's health and pregnancy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and/or antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) were presented at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015). Women with lupus and APS: Risk of reduced fertility and pregnancy complication - Read more

Comorbid conditions associated with worse cancer survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Grahpic: Lungs in the human body [11/06/2015] Lung cancer patients with comorbid conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, or congestive heart failure had a higher risk of death than lung cancer patients without comorbid conditions.Comorbid conditions associated with worse cancer survival - Read more

New obesity treatment prevents bone loss

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yoghurt [11/06/2015] Using the intestinal hormone GLP-1 in obesity treatment prevents the loss of bone mass otherwise frequently associated with major weight loss. This is the finding of a new study from the University of Copenhagen, Hvidovre and Glostrup Hospital. According to the researchers behind the study, the results may have a significant bearing on future obesity treatment.New obesity treatment prevents bone loss - Read more

Brain lesions in children challenging to diagnose

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Image of brain [10/06/2015] Brain lesions in children can be especially challenging to diagnose, according to a report by a multidisciplinary team of Loyola University Medical Center physicians. Lesions include tumors, abnormal blood vessel formations and abscesses and inflammation due to infections.Brain lesions in children challenging to diagnose - Read more

Plasma makes wounds heal quicker

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Scientifists of the project [10/06/2015] Many people suffer from skin disorders. Open wounds are a particularly acute problem, especially among the elderly. PlasmaDerm, a new medical technology solution, uses plasma to facilitate faster healing of wounds.Plasma makes wounds heal quicker - Read more

World Blood Donor Day, 14 June 2015

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man's arm during blood donation [10/06/2015] The slogan of World Blood Donor Day 2015 already says it all: Accident victims or patients undergoing difficult or lengthy surgery need blood transfusions to save their lives. This is why, at June 14th, recipients of donated blood all around the world say: "Thank you for saving my life!"World Blood Donor Day, 14 June 2015 - Read more

Aneurysms may recur years after endovascular treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood vessel [09/06/2015] Endovascular treatment (EVT) of intracranial aneurysm is effective in preventing long-term bleeding, but may be followed by aneurysm recurrences in a significant proportion of cases, according to a new magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) study.Aneurysms may recur years after endovascular treatment - Read more

New approach for treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dr. Claudia Staab-Weijnitz and Prof. Oliver Eickelberg [09/06/2015] Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München, in collaboration with an international team, have identified a potential novel drug target for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a dangerous chronic lung disease. They elucidated a new mechanism of fibrosis formation that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of the disease.New approach for treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis - Read more

Only half of men can remember their last medical check-up

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man visiting physician [08/06/2015] A new national survey about men and their cars, commissioned by Orlando Health, found that more than 80 percent of men could remember the make and model of their first car, but only about half could remember the last time they went to the doctor for a check-up.Only half of men can remember their last medical check-up - Read more

Strokes steal 8 years' worth of brain function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Images of brain [08/06/2015] Having a stroke ages a person's brain function by almost eight years, new research finds - robbing them of memory and thinking speed as measured on cognitive tests. In both black and white patients, having had a stroke meant that their score on a 27-item test of memory and thinking speed had dropped as much as it would have if they had aged 7.9 years overnight.Strokes steal 8 years' worth of brain function - Read more

Does a hospital stay set patients up for sepsis?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman lying in bed with a stomach ache [05/06/2015] Can a routine hospital stay upset the balance of microbes in our bodies so much that it sets some older people up for a life-threatening health crisis called sepsis? A new University of Michigan and VA study suggests this may be the case.Does a hospital stay set patients up for sepsis? - Read more

Seamless closure of surgical incisions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Grey female eye in close-up [05/06/2015] Tel Aviv University researcher brings groundbreaking fiber-optic laser system to the world of corneal transplants.Seamless closure of surgical incisions - Read more

Patient information too high for patients' literacy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: People with question marks in front of their faces [03/06/2015] More than 90 per cent of educational materials written for kidney disease patients are higher than an average patient's literacy, according to a new study published in the June issue of the National Kidney Foundation's American Journal of Kidney Diseases.Patient information too high for patients' literacy - Read more

Host microbiota keep the brain healthy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Grapic: Image of a microglia [02/06/2015] The gut’s microbiome has an impact on the brain’s immune response throughout life, with a possible effect on the course of diseases affecting the brain. Researchers at the University Medical Center Freiburg have uncovered these effects in mice.Host microbiota keep the brain healthy - Read more

How does human behavior lead to surgical errors?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgical team in the operation theater [02/06/2015] Why are major surgical errors called "never events"? Because they should not happen - but do. Mayo Clinic researchers identified 69 never events among 1.5 million invasive procedures performed over five years and detailed why each occurred.How does human behavior lead to surgical errors? - Read more

Microendoscope could eliminate unneeded biopsies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cells in a biopsy sample under the microscope [02/06/2015] In a clinical study of patients in the United States and China, researchers found that a low-cost, portable, battery-powered microendoscope developed by Rice University bioengineers could eventually eliminate the need for costly biopsies for many patients undergoing standard endoscopic screening for esophageal cancer.Microendoscope could eliminate unneeded biopsies - Read more

Device to measure liver function in potential donors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The device that measures liver function [01/06/2015] A portable, finger-probe device successfully measured liver function in brain dead adult organ donors, a finding that could change the way organs are assessed and save thousands of dollars per transplant, a UCLA study has found.Device to measure liver function in potential donors - Read more

New model for identifying total hip replacement candidates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A total hip replacement prosthesis [01/06/2015] Researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy have designed a new model to help doctors and patients decide whether or not to proceed with total hip replacement surgery. The researchers have also surveyed patient wellbeing after surgery: patients with high education achieve greater outcome scores, while those with antidepressant prescriptions do not.New model for identifying total hip replacement candidates - Read more

Challenges ahead for European clinical trials

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man working in a laboratory [29/05/2015] The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), in collaboration with the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), expressed their views on the EU Clinical Trials Regulation in an official position paper recently published in Annals of "Oncology".Challenges ahead for European clinical trials - Read more

Our brains prepare us to be social while resting

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl looking to her side [29/05/2015] A new study by University of California - Los Angeles (UCLA) neuroscientists sheds light on why Facebook is such a popular diversion for people who feel like taking a break. Their research shows that even during quiet moments, our brains are preparing us to be socially connected to other people.Our brains prepare us to be social while resting - Read more

Chip under the skin for more precise medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Little chip held between two fingers [28/05/2015] The future of medicine lies in ever-greater precision, not only when it comes to diagnosis but also drug dosage. The blood work that medical staff relies on is generally a snapshot indicative of the moment the blood is drawn before it undergoes hours - or even days - of analysis.Chip under the skin for more precise medicine - Read more

Diagnosing cancer with bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Five cups of yogurt [28/05/2015] Engineers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) have devised a new way to detect cancer that has spread to the liver, by enlisting help from probiotics - beneficial bacteria similar to those found in yogurt.Diagnosing cancer with bacteria - Read more

Changing diagnosis codes will challenge emergency medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor writing diagnosis down [27/05/2015] Emergency medicine faces special challenges during this fall's changeover in how medical diagnoses are coded. Nearly a quarter of all emergency room (ER) clinical encounters could pose difficulties.Changing diagnosis codes will challenge emergency medicine - Read more

Testing antibiotic-resistant bacteria with a chip

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Schematic of the antibiotic susceptibility testing device [27/05/2015] We live in fear of 'superbugs': infectious bacteria that don not respond to treatment by antibiotics, and can turn a routine hospital stay into a nightmare. A 2015 Health Canada report estimates that superbugs are a "serious and growing issue." Each year two million people in the U.S. contract antibiotic-resistant infections, and at least 23,000 people die as a direct result.Testing antibiotic-resistant bacteria with a chip - Read more

Herpes viruses in action

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with herpes virus on her lips [26/05/2015] How herpes viruses bring the molecular biology of human cells into disarray: Scientists from Würzburg, Cambridge, and Munich present new findings in "Nature Communications", casting doubt on previous knowledge in the field. Herpes viruses in action - Read more

Preventing diabetes-associated blindness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood vessels in the retina [26/05/2015] Reporting on their study with lab-grown human cells, researchers at The Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland say that blocking a second blood vessel growth protein, along with one that is already well known, could offer a new way to treat and prevent a blinding eye disease caused by diabetes.Preventing diabetes-associated blindness - Read more

Head injuries: Neurodegenerative disease in rugby union players

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Rugby Player [22/05/2015] A new article publishing online in the Quarterly Journal of Medicine has reported the first case showing an association between exposure to head injuries in rugby union players and an increased risk in neurodegenerative disease. Head injuries: Neurodegenerative disease in rugby union players - Read more

What happens when multiple sclerosis patients stop taking their medication?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Multiple Sclerosis awareness ribbon [22/05/2015] New research led by NYU Langone Medical Center examines what happens when a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) who is clinically stable stops taking their medication. The international, multi-site study found almost 40 percent of patients had some disease activity return when they stopped taking their meds.What happens when multiple sclerosis patients stop taking their medication? - Read more

Microclinics help keep Kenyan HIV patients in care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children on Mfangano Island [21/05/2015] A team led by researchers from UC San Francisco, Organic Health Response, and Microclinic International is reporting results of a study that showed significant benefits of microclinics -- an innovative intervention that mobilized rural Kenyan HIV patients' informal social networks to support their staying in care.Microclinics help keep Kenyan HIV patients in care - Read more

On film: Body's 'serial killers' destroying cancer cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Cytotoxic T cell [21/05/2015] A dramatic video has captured the behaviour of cytotoxic T cells - the body's 'serial killers' - as they hunt down and eliminate cancer cells before moving on to their next target.On film: Body's 'serial killers' destroying cancer cells - Read more

New risk factor for pregnancies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Premature born baby [20/05/2015] Women who were born preterm have a higher risk of giving birth to preterm children, according to a study, published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, from researchers of the CHU Sainte-Justine and the University of Montreal.New risk factor for pregnancies - Read more

Soft-tissue engineering for hard-working cartilage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cultured bone cells on a fiber scaffold [20/05/2015] Advance in 3-D printing could have broad applications: An international study points the way toward wider, more effective use of biocompatible materials in repairing human tissues. Focusing on the difficult case of restoring cartilage, which requires both flexibility and mechanical strength, the researchers investigated a new combination of 3-D printed microfiber scaffolding and hydrogels.Soft-tissue engineering for hard-working cartilage - Read more

Heart attack: Differences between women and men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Heart in the human body [19/05/2015] There is a statistically significant difference in how women and men are treated following a heart attack. These gender differences are reflected in the rate of risk factor control, which was lower in women, and in the rate of hospital readmission for a further heart attack, which was higher in women than in men. The conclusions are reported in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.Heart attack: Differences between women and men - Read more

Text messages can help boost teen birth control compliance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young girl holding a mobile [19/05/2015] Sending teen girls periodic text messages reminding them to follow through on their clinic appointments for periodic birth control injections can go a long way toward improving timing and adherence to contraception in an age group that is notoriously noncompliant, according to a small study from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.Text messages can help boost teen birth control compliance - Read more

Gel filled with nanosponges cleans up MRSA infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nanospongegel [18/05/2015] Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego developed a gel filled with toxin-absorbing nanosponges that could lead to an effective treatment for skin and wound infections caused by MRSA.Gel filled with nanosponges cleans up MRSA infections - Read more

Testosterone: More isn't always better

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Men running [18/05/2015] A study by UCSB anthropologists connects increased diabetes risk and higher levels of testosterone to prostate enlargement.Testosterone: More isn't always better - Read more

Dye could prevent infection during bone-repair surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An OR nurse directs a lamp [15/05/2015] A green dye that sticks to bone grafts becomes antimicrobial with the flick of a light switch and could help reduce the risk of infections during bone-reconstruction surgeries.Dye could prevent infection during bone-repair surgery - Read more

Test could identify resistant tuberculosis faster

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Display showing DNA analysis [15/05/2015] The time needed to genetically sequence the bacteria causing tuberculosis (Mtb) from patient samples has been reduced from weeks to days using a new technique developed by a UCL-led team. This could help health service providers to better treat disease, control transmission of this infection, and monitor outbreaks.Test could identify resistant tuberculosis faster - Read more

How cancer tricks the lymphatic system into spreading tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A trojan horse [13/05/2015] Swollen lymph nodes are often the earliest sign of metastatic spread of cancer cells. Now cancer researchers and immunologists at Sweden's Karolinska Institutet have discovered how cancer cells can infiltrate the lymphatic system by 'disguising' themselves as immune cells (white blood cells).How cancer tricks the lymphatic system into spreading tumors - Read more

Who benefits from a catheter - and who does not?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A bag for the collection of urine [13/05/2015] A new detailed guide gives doctors and nurses information to help decide which hospital patients may benefit from a urinary catheter - and which ones do not. That should help spare patients the pain, embarrassment, and potentially serious side effects that can come with having a catheter placed - which may bring more risk than benefit to the patient.Who benefits from a catheter - and who does not? - Read more

Faster skin biopsies without anesthesia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tiny skin wound is sewn up [12/05/2015] Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Institute for Health Research of the Hospital "Ramón y Cajal" (IRYCIS have patented a new device for performing skin biopsies. With this new tool a skin biopsy can be performed with fewer instruments and the length of the procedure is shortened from thirty minutes to less than five.Faster skin biopsies without anesthesia - Read more

Is diet or exercise the best way to reduce diabetes risk?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A runner ties his shoes next to a green smoothie [12/05/2015] Saint Louis University associate professor of nutrition and dietetics Edward Weiss, Ph.D, and colleagues found that, though people often think of the benefits from exercise, calorie restriction and weight loss as interchangeable, it appears that they may all offer distinct and cumulative benefits when it comes to managing Type 2 diabetes risk. Is diet or exercise the best way to reduce diabetes risk? - Read more

Hack of teleoperated surgical robot reveals security flaws

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgical robot moves rubber blocks on pegboard [11/05/2015] Teleoperated robots, which are controlled by a human who may be in another physical location, are expected to become more commonplace as the technology evolves. They are ideal for situations that are dangerous for people: fighting fires in chemical plants, diffusing explosive devices or extricating earthquake victims from collapsed buildings.Hack of teleoperated surgical robot reveals security flaws - Read more

Social network experiments to improve public health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Plastic human dolls representing a network [11/05/2015] In a novel experiment, researchers found that certain public health interventions work best when key "influencers" in a face-to-face social network are exposed to the program. What's surprising, they say, is that those key influencers are not the most socially connected people in the network.Social network experiments to improve public health - Read more

Fighting pathogenic bacteria with homing beacon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Alphamers attracting antibodies [08/05/2015] With the threat of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens growing, new ideas to treat infections are sorely needed. Researchers report preliminary success testing an entirely novel approach - tagging bacteria with a molecular "homing beacon" that attracts pre-existing antibodies to attack the pathogens. The study is published by the Journal of Molecular Medicine.Fighting pathogenic bacteria with homing beacon - Read more

Light in sight: Potential therapy for acquired blindness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: retina of a blind mouse [08/05/2015] Scientists from the Universities of Bern in Switzerland and Göttingen in Germany have succeeded in restoring vision to blind mice. They have developed a molecular light switch as a potential therapy for acquired blindness. Light in sight: Potential therapy for acquired blindness - Read more

Mobile phone microscope automates detection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Schematic of the CellScope Loa device [07/05/2015] A research team led by engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, has developed a new mobile phone microscope that uses video to automatically detect and quantify infection by parasitic worms in a drop of blood. This next generation of UC Berkeley's CellScope technology could help revive efforts to eradicate debilitating diseases in Africa. Mobile phone microscope automates detection - Read more

Researchers reverse bacterial resistance to antibiotics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor focusing a culture dish [07/05/2015] The rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a growing problem in the United States and the world. New findings by researchers in evolutionary biology and mathematics could help doctors better address the problem in a clinical setting. Researchers reverse bacterial resistance to antibiotics - Read more

How cardiac arrhythmias develop

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart alert on a cardiogram [06/05/2015] Cardiac arrhythmias affect a high proportion of the aging population. Mitochondria are the "powerhouses of the cells", and scientists in Cologne have now shown that even a few heart cells with reduced mitochondrial function are sufficient to trigger arrhythmias.How cardiac arrhythmias develop - Read more

Patient information speeds across the digital highway

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hands of doctor at the keyboard [06/05/2015] Trauma surgeons are able to send radiological images and findings from one hospital to another in the space of a few seconds – securely and in compliance with data protection laws. Well over 1,000 cross-sectional images are created during a whole-body computed tomography (CT) scan of a severely injured person.Patient information speeds across the digital highway - Read more

Clean care is safer care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Using sanitizer [05/05/2015] Right hand hygiene is one of the simplest, but also most important measures to protect yourself and others from dangerous infections. In hospitals, not only the patient but also medical and nursing staff are protected by hand hygiene.Clean care is safer care - Read more

Detecting skin cancer quickly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman controlling dermascanner on a display [05/05/2015] Melanoma is aggressive and life-threatening. If it is not detected early, the prospects of recovery drop. Screening is complicated, though. Together with several project partners, Fraunhofer researchers have developed an assistance system that helps dermatologists with diagnosis.Detecting skin cancer quickly - Read more

EHR may not improve outcomes in ischemic stroke patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Electronic health record sheet [05/05/2015] Electronic health records may be necessary for a more high-tech and transparent health care system, but hospitals with electronic health records for ischemic stroke patients did not demonstrate better quality of care or clinical outcomes for those patients when compared to similar hospitals without electronic health records. EHR may not improve outcomes in ischemic stroke patients - Read more

MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015: Medical Expertise Meets Technical Know-How

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Traing course participants in front of microskopes [05/05/2015] The connection between science and medical technology produces fascinating results that are of great benefit to patients. These results will be the focus of the MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE taking place November 16 to 19 in Düsseldorf, in parallel with MEDICA, the world´s largest trade fair for medical technology. MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015: Medical Expertise Meets Technical Know-How - Read more

Dementia: Screening older adults by telephone

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An older man talking on a mobile phone [04/05/2015] Nearly two-thirds of older adults were willing to undergo telephone screening for dementia, according to a new study from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research and the Regenstrief Institute. Willingness to be screened by phone did not differ by sex, age or race.Dementia: Screening older adults by telephone - Read more

Rapid method for typing of C. difficile could limit outbreaks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A petri dish with bacterial colonies [04/05/2015] The Public Health Agency of Sweden has developed a method of typing that can allow laboratories to faster establish the presence of hospital outbreaks of the intestinal bacterium Clostridium difficile.Rapid method for typing of C. difficile could limit outbreaks - Read more

Bioactive gel to treat knee injuries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The confocal image shows chondrogenic progenitor cells [30/04/2015] A University of Iowa orthopedics research team is working on a solution with hopes it will result in a minimally invasive, practical, and inexpensive approach for repairing cartilage and preventing osteoarthritis.Bioactive gel to treat knee injuries - Read more

High-tech textiles – more than just clothes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Special socks for diabetics [30/04/2015] High-tech textiles must fulfill a number of functions and meet many requirements. That is why the Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC dedicated some major developing work to this most intriguing research area.High-tech textiles – more than just clothes - Read more

Gastric band and weight management therapies offer similar benefits

Photo: Overweight family [29/04/2015] Clinical trial highlights effectiveness and tradeoffs of intensive treatments for people with type 2 diabetes who invest sufficient time and energy.Gastric band and weight management therapies offer similar benefits - Read more

New material for creating artificial blood vessels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood vessel with erythrocytes [29/04/2015] Blocked blood vessels can quickly become dangerous. It is often necessary to replace a blood vessel – either by another vessel taken from the body or even by artificial vascular prostheses. Together, Vienna University of Technology and Vienna Medical University have developed artificial blood vessels made from a special elastomer material, which has excellent mechanical properties.New material for creating artificial blood vessels - Read more

How to short circuit hunger

Photo: Person with measuring tape [28/04/2015] Anyone who has ever tried to lose weight knows that it's no fun to feel hungry. In fact, the drive to tame gnawing hunger pangs can sabotage even the best-intentioned dieter. But how exactly is it that fasting creates these uncomfortable feelings - and consuming food takes them away? How to short circuit hunger - Read more

Team discovers new mechanism behind malaria progression

Graphic: Electron microscope image [28/04/2015] A team of researchers from four universities has pinpointed one of the mechanisms responsible for the progression of malaria, providing a new target for possible treatments.Team discovers new mechanism behind malaria progression - Read more

Liver: Pocket-sized ultrasound device reduces need for further testing

Graphic: Liver [27/04/2015] Results from a study presented at The International Liver Congress 2015 demonstrate that the use of a pocket-sized ultrasound device (PUD) helps to reduce the need for further testing in both the inpatient and outpatient setting. Liver: Pocket-sized ultrasound device reduces need for further testing - Read more

Scientists develop first liquid nanolaser

Photo: Two people look at a laser point [27/04/2015] Northwestern University scientists have developed the first liquid nanoscale laser. And it's tunable in real time, meaning you can quickly and simply produce different colors, a unique and useful feature. The laser technology could lead to practical applications, such as a new form of a "lab on a chip" for medical diagnostics.Scientists develop first liquid nanolaser - Read more

Cloth masks - dangerous to your health?

Photo: A japanes man wearing a surgical mask [24/04/2015] The widespread use of cloth masks by healthcare workers may actually put them at increased risk of respiratory illness and viral infections and their global use should be discouraged, according to a University of New South Wales (UNSW) study.Cloth masks - dangerous to your health? - Read more

Diabetes: Nanotech-enabled moisturizer speeds wound healing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A pot of ointment next to a healed wound [24/04/2015] A new high-tech but simple ointment applied to the skin may one day help diabetic patients heal stubborn and painful ulcers on their feet, Northwestern University researchers report.Diabetes: Nanotech-enabled moisturizer speeds wound healing - Read more

A recipe for long-lasting livers

Graphic: Model of human body with liver highlighted [23/04/2015] People waiting for organ transplants may soon have higher hopes of getting the help that they need in time. Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology have developed a new technique that extends the time that donor organs last and can also resuscitate organs obtained after cardiac arrest.A recipe for long-lasting livers - Read more

No consistent standards in children's hospital environments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A colorfully painted hospital room for children [23/04/2015] The sound, light and temperature levels in pediatric hospital wards often vary, highlighting the lack of consistent environmental standards, according to a new study.No consistent standards in children's hospital environments - Read more

Blindness: Technology may improve management of leading causes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [22/04/2015] A new research demonstrates that technology invented by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University's Casey Eye Institute can improve the clinical management of the leading causes of blindness. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography could largely replace current dye-based angiography in the management of these diseases.Blindness: Technology may improve management of leading causes - Read more

Breast tumor: Metastasis risk linked by molecule's movement

Photo: Microscope image [22/04/2015] Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have discovered a molecular mechanism that connects breast tissue stiffness to tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. The study may inspire new approaches to predicting patient outcomes and halting tumor metastasis.Breast tumor: Metastasis risk linked by molecule's movement - Read more

Chemobrain: Cancer diagnosis affects cognitive function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman leans against a wall, tired [21/04/2015] Breast cancer patients often display mild cognitive defects even before the initiation of chemotherapy. A new study by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) in Munich researchers now attributes the syndrome to post-traumatic stress induced by diagnosis of the disease.Chemobrain: Cancer diagnosis affects cognitive function - Read more

Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics?

Photo: A green maple leaf [21/04/2015] A concentrated extract of maple syrup makes disease-causing bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics, according to laboratory experiments by researchers at McGill University.Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics? - Read more

More people discuss end-of-life wishes with loved ones

Photo: Older couple, the woman cares for the man [20/04/2015] Discussing end-of-life wishes with loved ones can be difficult, but new research from the University of Missouri shows more individuals are engaging in advance care planning. Advance care planning includes discussing end-of-life care preferences, providing written end-of-life care instructions and appointing a durable power of attorney for health care.More people discuss end-of-life wishes with loved ones - Read more

New treatment for Barrett's oesophagus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The shape of a stomach cut out of flames [20/04/2015] New research from the University of Warwick and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW) NHS Trust could transform treatments and diagnosis for a common digestive condition which affects thousands of patients.New treatment for Barrett's oesophagus - Read more

Autoimmune process causes rejection of secondary corneal transplants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A blue eye [17/04/2015] UT Southwestern Medical Center ophthalmologists have identified an important cause of why secondary corneal transplants are rejected at triple the rate of first-time corneal transplants.Autoimmune process causes rejection of secondary corneal transplants - Read more

Tango dancing benefits Parkinson's patients

Photo: A couple dancing tango [17/04/2015] Dancing the Argentine tango could have potential benefits for people at certain stages in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), according to findings in a new study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital - The Neuro, McGill University and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre.Tango dancing benefits Parkinson's patients - Read more

Does eating out cause high blood pressure?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A large burger served with potato wedges [16/04/2015] A recent study on university-going young adults, by researchers from the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore (Duke-NUS), is the first ever to show an association between meals eaten away from home and high blood pressure.Does eating out cause high blood pressure? - Read more

Stronger muscles make bone development healthier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A girl dressed up as superhero lifts weights [16/04/2015] Scientists at the University of Southampton have shown that higher muscle mass is strongly linked with healthier bone development in children. Researchers also found no relationship between fat mass and bone development, indicating it is not an important factor in childhood skeletal strength.Stronger muscles make bone development healthier - Read more

European Immunization Week – April 20-25, 2015

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccine [15/04/2015] There is still no vaccine against HIV. But there is one against measles and rubella. The diseases could still not be eradicated in the world regardless. Therefore, the World Health Organization WHO calls regularly to vaccinate children against these highly contagious diseases.European Immunization Week – April 20-25, 2015 - Read more

Heart attack: High risk in divorced women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman holding her breast [15/04/2015] Divorced women suffer heart attacks at higher rates than women who are continuously married, a new study from Duke Medicine has found. A woman who has been through two or more divorces is nearly twice as likely to have a heart attack when compared to their stably-married female peers, according to the findings.Heart attack: High risk in divorced women - Read more

Heart cells regenerated in mice

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart cells [15/04/2015] As opposed to blood, hair or skin cells that can renew themselves throughout life, our heart cells cease to divide shortly after birth, and there is very little renewal in adulthood. New research provides insight into the question of why the mammalian heart fails to regenerate, on one hand, and demonstrated, in adult mice, the possibility of turning back this fate.Heart cells regenerated in mice - Read more

Mental rehearsal helps prepare for trauma patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Flow chart showing 4 steps of action [14/04/2015] In the same way athletes mentally visualize races long before lacing up, doctors and other members of trauma resuscitation teams should map out mental blueprints, and then communicate their strategy to all team members involved in caring for patients, a new study suggests.Mental rehearsal helps prepare for trauma patients - Read more

Spinal surgery: Right on target

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray of the spine with marked vertebrae [14/04/2015] Because the spine is made up of repeating elements that look alike, surgeons can mistakenly operate on the wrong vertebra. To avoid this, Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a software program that works seamlessly with currently available procedures to assist a surgeon's determination of which vertebra is which.Spinal surgery: Right on target - Read more

MIPT researchers grow cardiac tissue on 'spider silk' substrate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: green fluorescent heart tissue cells [13/04/2015] Genetically engineered fibers of the protein spidroin, which is the construction material for spider webs, has proven to be a perfect substrate for cultivating heart tissue cells, MIPT researchers found. They discuss their findings in an article that has recently come out in the journal PLOS ONE. MIPT researchers grow cardiac tissue on 'spider silk' substrate - Read more

New guidance on contact precautions for hospital visitors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Washing hands under a valve [13/04/2015] Leading infectious diseases experts have released new guidance for healthcare facilities looking to establish precautions for visitors of patients with infectious diseases. The guidance looks to reduce the potential for healthcare visitors in spreading dangerous bacteria within the healthcare facility and community.New guidance on contact precautions for hospital visitors - Read more

Cardiac arrest: Selenide protects heart muscle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart model [10/04/2015] Damage to heart muscle from insufficient blood supply during cardiac arrest and reperfusion injury after blood flow is restored can be reduced by nearly 90 percent if selenide, a form of the essential nutrient selenium, is administered intravenously in the wake of the attack, according to a new preclinical study by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.Cardiac arrest: Selenide protects heart muscle - Read more

Multiple sclerosis: A riddle of the blood-brain barrier solved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Loop with a script Multiple Sclerosis [10/04/2015] The creation and progression of multiple sclerosis present scientists with many riddles. Now researchers from the universities of Würzburg and Amsterdam have succeeded in resolving an apparent contradiction in the findings to date. Their work will contribute to a better understanding of the impact of treatments at the so-called blood-brain barrier.Multiple sclerosis: A riddle of the blood-brain barrier solved - Read more

Fighting HIV with antibodies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ampoule with medication [09/04/2015] An international team of scientists has now tested a new generation of antibodies in humans for the first time. They have demonstrated that these broadly neutralising antibodies significantly reduce the number of human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) in infected patients’ blood.Fighting HIV with antibodies - Read more

Low-frequency magnetic fields and development of Alzheimer's disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microscope image [09/04/2015] Low-frequency alternating magnetic fields such as those generated by overhead power lines are considered a potential health risk because epidemiological studies indicate that they may aggravate, among other things, neurodegenerative disorders. However, a recent study has produced no evidence that these fields can cause exacerbation or accelerated disease development in relevant mouse models.Low-frequency magnetic fields and development of Alzheimer's disease - Read more

Novel tissue substitute made of high-tech fibers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: High-tech fibrous material [08/04/2015] Regenerative medicine uses cells harvested from the patient’s own body to heal damaged tissue. Fraunhofer researchers have developed a cell-free substrate containing proteins to which autologous cells bind and grow only after implantation.Novel tissue substitute made of high-tech fibers - Read more

Synchronization of the womb's clock with mother's body clock

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnant woman on a sofa [08/04/2015] If you are trying to have a baby, a good night's sleep is more important than ever. A new research report appearing in The FASEB Journal shows that the womb has its own "body clock" that needs to synchronize with the mother's body clock to ensure optimal conditions for fetal growth and development. Synchronization of the womb's clock with mother's body clock - Read more

Computer model: How our livers will store fat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Liver [07/04/2015] Computer model developed to predict how 'T09' causes the liver to store fat could be used to predict liver fat storage for other drugs and conditions.Computer model: How our livers will store fat - Read more

Vaccine activates the immune system response against Ebola

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ebola [07/04/2015] The initial results of a clinical Phase I trial of a potential vaccine against the dreaded Ebola virus are now available at the Hamburg-Eppendorf University Medical Center (UKE). As this trial was being conducted, scientists in Geneva (Switzerland), Lambaréne (Gabon), and Kilifi (Kenya) were also testing the “rVSV-ZEBOV” vaccine on a total of 158 healthy adult volunteers.Vaccine activates the immune system response against Ebola - Read more

 
 

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