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Longer colonoscopies linked to lower cancer rate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Female physician with colonoscope [28/08/2015] If a colonoscopy seems like the type of thing you'd like to get done with quickly, think again. Research by a Veterans Affairs team has confirmed that longer-lasting colonoscopies are associated with lower cancer rates.Longer colonoscopies linked to lower cancer rate - Read more

Robotically steered flexible needles navigate in tissue

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two medical needles [28/08/2015] Robotically steering flexible needles can reach their intended target in tissue with sub-millimetre level accuracy. This has been demonstrated by the doctoral research of Momen Abayazid, who is affiliated with the research institute MIRA of the University of Twente.Robotically steered flexible needles navigate in tissue - Read more

Gut feeling restored by growth outside the body

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pieces of gut tissue in the lab [27/08/2015] University of Manchester scientists have bridged a gap between two separate pieces of small intestine kept alive outside the body, in an advance which could have implications for surgery in human adults and babies.Gut feeling restored by growth outside the body - Read more

The great escape: Why awareness of mortality can be bad for health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An emergency exit sign [27/08/2015] People with low self-esteem use a variety of escape mechanisms to avoid thinking about their own mortality, new research reveals.The great escape: Why awareness of mortality can be bad for health - Read more

How newts can help osteoarthritis patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A newt with gills [26/08/2015] Scientists at the University of York have taken a leaf out of nature's book in an attempt to develop effective stem cell treatment for osteoarthritis, a condition which affects millions of people in the UK alone.How newts can help osteoarthritis patients - Read more

One in 5 over-65s who drink alcohol do so at unsafe levels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An older man drinking beer [26/08/2015] One in five older people who drink alcohol are consuming it at unsafe levels - over 21 units of alcohol for men and 14 units for women each week - according to a study by King's College London. The research in inner-city London, published in BMJ Open, found these unsafe older drinkers are more likely to be of higher socioeconomic status.One in 5 over-65s who drink alcohol do so at unsafe levels - Read more

Chestnut leaf extract disarms deadly staph bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman collects leafs in the forest [25/08/2015] Leaves of the European chestnut tree contain ingredients with the power to disarm dangerous staph bacteria without boosting its drug resistance, scientists have found.Chestnut leaf extract disarms deadly staph bacteria - Read more

Tests to measure internal bleeding may not be reliable

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand holds a vial of blood [25/08/2015] A recently-published study found that while internal bleeding may be uncommon as a result of taking blood thinners, the normal coagulation tests physicians use to check for the side effect of bleeding may not be reliable.Tests to measure internal bleeding may not be reliable - Read more

New clinical standards for emergency nurse practitioners

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor and nurse look at a tablet [24/08/2015] Dr Jane O'Connell, Australia's first endorsed nurse practitioner specializing in emergency care, is leading the way in re-defining the role specialty nurse practitioners play in the health system. She has published the first set of clinical practice standards for emergency nurse practitioners.New clinical standards for emergency nurse practitioners - Read more

Potential biomarker for pre-diabetes discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Sign with the words [24/08/2015] Researchers from Virginia Tech made the connection by analyzing blood samples taken from 40 participants enrolled in the diaBEAT-it program, a long-term study run by the Fralin Translational Obesity Research Center.Potential biomarker for pre-diabetes discovered - Read more

Cellphone data can track infectious diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphones lying next together [21/08/2015] Tracking mobile phone data is often associated with privacy issues, but these vast datasets could be the key to understanding how infectious diseases are spread seasonally. Cellphone data can track infectious diseases - Read more

Trojan horse: paradigm shift in multidrug resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Trojan horse is attacked by bacteria [21/08/2015] Bacteria are pretty wily creatures. Take for example, an organism such as Salmonella, which which are killed by antibiotics in lab tests, but can become highly resistant in the body. A researcher discovered an unexpected resistance mechanism in pathogenic bacteria that may warrant changes in the way antibiotics are developed, tested and prescribed. Trojan horse: paradigm shift in multidrug resistance - Read more

Divide and rule: a tumor's strategy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: cancer cells [20/08/2015] Researchers supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation have discovered how aggressive cells can invade healthy tissue during the earliest stage of tumor development. This opens up new ways of attacking cancer at its root.Divide and rule: a tumor's strategy - Read more

Reducing resistance to chemotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse injects chemotherapeutic drug [20/08/2015] Scientists at VIB and KU Leuven have shown that blocking the PHD1 oxygen sensor hinders the activation of p53, a transcription factor that aids colorectal cancer (CRC) cells in repairing themselves and thus resisting chemotherapy. Chemotherapy resistance remains a major clinical issue in the treatment of CRC. Reducing resistance to chemotherapy - Read more

Finding biomarkers for early lung cancer diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor analyzing a scan of a lung [19/08/2015] Despite decades of warnings about smoking, lung cancer is still the second-most common cancer and the leading cause of death from cancer in the U.S. Patients are often diagnosed only when their disease is already at an advanced stage and hard to treat. Researchers are trying to change that, by identifying biomarkers that could be the basis of early tests for lung cancer.Finding biomarkers for early lung cancer diagnosis - Read more

MRI scanners can steer tumor busting viruses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRI scanner [19/08/2015] Scientists from the University of Sheffield have discovered MRI scanners, normally used to produce images, can steer cell-based, tumor busting therapies to specific target sites in the body.MRI scanners can steer tumor busting viruses - Read more

How cancer cells alter bone tissue

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: cancer cells [18/08/2015] Migrating tumour cells produce a protein that aids them to set up home in bones, as University of Freiburg researchers show.How cancer cells alter bone tissue - Read more

The trick comes with age: being less tired

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older couple sleeping together in bed [18/08/2015] The elderly are doing something right. New research into the effects of age on sleep suggests our older community sleep less, but report better quality sleep, and feel more awake during the day.The trick comes with age: being less tired - Read more

BigStorage: New approaches for dealing with Big Data

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with a notebook on his knees [17/08/2015] Big Data is a major factor driving knowledge discovery and innovation in our information society. However, large amounts of data can only be used efficiently if algorithms for understanding the data are available and if these algorithms can also be appropriately applied in highly scalable systems with thousands of hard drives.BigStorage: New approaches for dealing with Big Data - Read more

Mini X-ray source with laser light

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: 3D-image of a fly [17/08/2015] Physicists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and the TU München have developed a method using laser-generated X-rays and phase-contrast X-ray tomography to produce three-dimensional images of soft tissue structures in organisms.Mini X-ray source with laser light - Read more

Mobile technology may improve health behaviors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man measures his heart rate via watch and app [14/08/2015] Smartphone applications and wearable sensors have the potential to help people make healthier lifestyle choices, but scientific evidence of mobile health technologies' effectiveness for reducing risk factors for heart disease and stroke is limited, according to a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Mobile technology may improve health behaviors - Read more

Using online health forums to serve underserved communities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vagelis Hristidis [14/08/2015] University of California, Riverside researchers recently published a paper on how people use social media and online health forums can help reach underserved communities and prevent the spread of misinformation.Using online health forums to serve underserved communities - Read more

Bioengineers advance computing technique for health care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: cell samples in a cluster analysis tool [13/08/2015] Rice University scientists have developed a big data technique that could have a significant impact on health care. Bioengineer Amina Qutub designed an algorithm called "progeny clustering" that is being used in a hospital study to identify which treatments should be given to children with leukemia.Bioengineers advance computing technique for health care - Read more

Contrast agent spotlights tiny tumors and micrometastases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: contrast agent detects metastasis [13/08/2015] Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent that detects much smaller aggressive breast cancer tumors and micrometastases than current agents can identify. Contrast agent spotlights tiny tumors and micrometastases - Read more

Nanospheres deliver high chemotherapy doses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Tumor in the body [12/08/2015] Scientists have designed nanoparticles that release drugs in the presence of a class of proteins that enable cancers to metastasize. That is, they have engineered a drug delivery system so that the very enzymes that make cancers dangerous could instead guide their destruction. Nanospheres deliver high chemotherapy doses - Read more

The brain is not as cramped as we thought

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A big purple cube next to a small brown one [12/08/2015] To study the fine structure of the brain, scientists must use electron microscopes. However, the tissue must first be fixed to prepare it for this high magnification imaging method. This process causes the brain to shrink; as a result, microscope images can be distorted. Scientists have now solved the problem by using a technique that rapidly freezes the brain, preserving its true structure. The brain is not as cramped as we thought - Read more

Best practices in hospital care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse doing a survey with a patient [11/08/2015] Based on responses to questionnaires and letters sent to CEOs and medical personnel from a nationwide sample of 53 hospitals, Johns Hopkins investigators have identified a handful of best practices they say are most likely to give patients a positive hospital experience, a sense of satisfaction and the feeling they come first.Best practices in hospital care - Read more

Hygiene: More evidence needed to clean hospital rooms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: dialysis machine [11/08/2015] Tray tables, bed rails, light switches, and toilets: All are common vectors for swapping germs between patients and health care workers. While a new systematic overview points to several promising cleaning tactics of these "high-touch surfaces," there's a lack of evidence as to which is the most effective at reducing healthcare-associated infections (HAIs).Hygiene: More evidence needed to clean hospital rooms - Read more

A single genetic mutation causes autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Little boy is drawing a butterfly [10/08/2015] Last December, researchers identified more than 1,000 gene mutations in individuals with autism, but how these mutations increased risk for autism was unclear. Now, University of North Carolina Health Care (UNC) School of Medicine researchers are the first to show how one of these mutations disables a molecular switch in one of these genes and causes autism.A single genetic mutation causes autism - Read more

Improving health information exchange in ERs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurses running with a patient lying in hospital bed [10/08/2015] An emergency physician-led workgroup has published five primary and seven secondary recommendations about how to maximize the value of health information exchange (HIE) in emergency departments. Improving health information exchange in ERs - Read more

Neurological disease: 'Hidden epidemic' through modern living?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Motorway in a city covered by smog [07/08/2015] Modern living could be responsible for an 'almost epidemic' increase in neurological brain disease, according to new research from Bournemouth University.Neurological disease: 'Hidden epidemic' through modern living? - Read more

Novel fly model of motor neuron degeneration

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fluorescent image of a fly's leg [07/08/2015] Researchers at the Babraham Institute and University of Massachusetts Medical School in the United States have developed a new model to study motor neuron degeneration and have used this to identify three genes involved in the neurodegeneration process.Novel fly model of motor neuron degeneration - Read more

Artificial blood vessels become resistant to thrombosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Function of a blood clot dissolving graft [06/08/2015] Scientists from ITMO University developed artificial blood vessels that are not susceptible to blood clot formation. The achievement was made possible by a new generation of drug-containing coating applied to the inner surface of the vessel.Artificial blood vessels become resistant to thrombosis - Read more

Global vaccine-development fund could save lives and money

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Syringe filled with a dollar note [06/08/2015] Ebola is a preventable disease, and yet a safe and effective vaccine has not been deployed. As with many vaccines, financial barriers persist: pharmaceutical companies see high costs with limited market potential, and government support is lacking.Global vaccine-development fund could save lives and money - Read more

NICU admissions increase for normal birth weight and term infants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Newborn in an incubator [05/08/2015] Neonatal intensive care units were originally created for newborns who are extremely ill and/or underweight, but a Dartmouth study finds that NICU admission rates are increasing for newborns of all weights. In effect, NICUs are increasingly caring for normal, or near normal, birth weight and term infants.NICU admissions increase for normal birth weight and term infants - Read more

Surprising new view on the causes of cerebral palsy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRI images of children's brains [05/08/2015] In a new game-changing Canadian study, a research team from The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) has uncovered strong evidence for genetic causes of cerebral palsy that turns experts' understanding of the condition on its head.Surprising new view on the causes of cerebral palsy - Read more

Non-surgical approach helps paralyzed people move their legs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man's legs move with electrodes attached [04/08/2015] In a study conducted at UCLA, five men who had been completely paralyzed were able to move their legs in a rhythmic motion thanks to a new, noninvasive procedure that stimulates the spinal cord.Non-surgical approach helps paralyzed people move their legs - Read more

Tool helps public health agencies prioritize health risks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The words [04/08/2015] Public health agencies across the globe are challenged with preventing the spread of chronic diseases while dealing with limited funds and devastating budget cuts. Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri has applied the Public Health Index (PHI) model, to help the Brazilian government identify and prioritize health risks affecting its population.Tool helps public health agencies prioritize health risks - Read more

NIST PET phantoms bring new accuracy to medical scans

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A calibration phantom in a PET scanner [03/08/2015] Teaming with a medical equipment company, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated the first calibration system for positron emission tomography (PET) scanners directly tied to national measurement standards.NIST PET phantoms bring new accuracy to medical scans - Read more

Pain: a question of balance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with strong headaches [03/08/2015] Pain is usually caused by inflammation in the body. Scientists from the University of Würzburg have now demonstrated that one of the responsible substances simultaneously has a pain-relieving function. Their discovery is a promising target for new therapy.Pain: a question of balance - Read more

Evolutionary war between microorganisms affecting human health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: petri dish with a bacteria in it [31/07/2015] Health experts have warned for years that the overuse of antibiotics is creating "superbugs" able to resist drugs treating infection. But now scientists at Indiana University and elsewhere are finding evidence that an invisible war between microorganisms may also be catching humans in the crossfire.Evolutionary war between microorganisms affecting human health - Read more

Scientists create functional liver cells from stem cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Stem cells in green and red [31/07/2015] The liver plays a critical role in human metabolism. This organ is responsible for drug breakdown and is therefore the first to be injured due to overdose or misuse. Evaluating this drug-induced liver injury is a critical part of pharmaceutical drug discovery and must be carried out on human liver cells. Regretfully, human liver cells can only be isolated from donated organs.Scientists create functional liver cells from stem cells - Read more

Patient 2.0, heal thyself!

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man using a tablet [30/07/2015] Researchers in Denmark explain how the new paradigm of a digital healthcare system, as it matures, is putting the picture of the doctor-patient relationship in an entirely new frame and not always in a positive way.Patient 2.0, heal thyself! - Read more

Real-time imaging of lung lesions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung adenocarcinoma is marked in green [30/07/2015] More than 80,000 people undergo resection of a pulmonary tumor each year, and currently the only method to determine if the tumor is malignant is histologic analysis. A new study reports that a targeted molecular contrast agent can be used successfully to cause lung adenocarcinomas to fluoresce during pulmonary surgery. This enables real-time optical imaging and the identification of cancer cells.Real-time imaging of lung lesions - Read more

"Cancer Driver Gene" reduces metastasis in prostate cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Drawing of bladder and prostate [29/07/2015] A gene that is responsible for cancer growth plays a totally unexpected role in prostate cancer. The gene Stat3 is controlled by the immune modulator interleukin 6 and normally supports the growth of cancer cells."Cancer Driver Gene" reduces metastasis in prostate cancer - Read more

Toxin from salmonid fish has potential to treat cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fish is swimming in the water [29/07/2015] Pathogenic bacteria develop killer machines that work very specifically and highly efficiently. Scientists from the University of Freiburg have solved the molecular mechanism of a fish toxin that could be used in the future as a medication to treat cancer. Toxin from salmonid fish has potential to treat cancer - Read more

New devices are driving improvement in stroke treatment outcomes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Stent is passed through an artery [28/07/2015] In the last decade, Intra-Arterial (IA) stroke therapy has gained notable momentum as an effective and safe treatment option for patients. Two new studies further reinforce the value and progress of IA treatment with conclusions that the innovative new devices that facilitate this approach are reducing treatment times, improving outcomes and decreasing mortality rates. New devices are driving improvement in stroke treatment outcomes - Read more

Specific cardiovascular risk factors predict Alzheimer's disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Glass of alcohol, a cigarette and a cup of coffee [28/07/2015] Specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity and diabetes, are associated with smaller regional brain volumes that may be early indicators of Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Specific cardiovascular risk factors predict Alzheimer's disease - Read more

Identifying risk for pulmonary complications with scoring system

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man attached to mechanical ventilation [27/07/2015] Physicians have developed an analytical tool to identify surgical patients at risk for costly respiratory complications. This tool may help hospitals avoid those complications and their related costs as Medicare and commercial payers exert increasing pressure on them by eliminating payment for patient complications that occur after operations and may extend hospital stays.Identifying risk for pulmonary complications with scoring system - Read more

Sleep makes our memories more accessible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man in bed trying to turn off the alarm [27/07/2015] Sleeping not only protects memories from being forgotten, it also makes them easier to access, according to new research from the University of Exeter and the Basque Centre for Cognition, Brain and Language. The findings suggest that after sleep we are more likely to recall facts which we could not remember while still awake.Sleep makes our memories more accessible - Read more

Earlier diagnosis of chest tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two women in front of a computer monitor [24/07/2015] Researchers led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have developed new diagnostic criteria to enable clinicians to distinguish malignant cancerous chest cavity masses from those caused by fungal histoplasmosis infection.Earlier diagnosis of chest tumors - Read more

Iron-containing inflammatory cells in Alzheimer's brains

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Tree with a face looses it's leaves [24/07/2015] Examining post-mortem tissue from the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease, Stanford University School of Medicine investigators identified what appear to be iron-containing microglia -- specialized scavenger cells that sometimes become inflammatory -- in a particular part of the hippocampus, a key brain structure whose integrity is critical to memory formation.Iron-containing inflammatory cells in Alzheimer's brains - Read more

Biomarkers in blood shown to be indicators of brain damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood viales [23/07/2015] Researchers have shown that the levels of two proteins present in blood and cerebrospinal fluid increase significantly at different time points following traumatic brain injury (TBI), confirming their potential value as biomarkers of trauma-related brain damage.Biomarkers in blood shown to be indicators of brain damage - Read more

New material forges the way for 'stem cell factories'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man holding a vial [23/07/2015] If you experience a major heart attack the damage could cost you around five billion heart cells. Experts at The University of Nottingham have discovered the first fully synthetic substrate with potential to grow billions of stem cells. The research could forge the way for the creation of 'stem cell factories' - the mass production of human embryonic (pluripotent) stem cells.New material forges the way for 'stem cell factories' - Read more

Diabetes: Noninvasive device could end daily finger pricking

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man using the measuring device [22/07/2015] A new laser sensor that monitors blood glucose levels without penetrating the skin could transform the lives of millions of people living with diabetes.Diabetes: Noninvasive device could end daily finger pricking - Read more

Printing implants with the laser

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Three-dimensional structures made of the form memory alloy nickel-titanium [22/07/2015] Whether for individual micro-implants or for micro-implants with medicine depots – additive processes are ideally suited for manufacturing such components. In the project “REMEDIS”, scientists at the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) have established a highly automated laser melting process to produce or coat implants made of platinum, nickel-titanium (NiTi) or stainless steel. Printing implants with the laser - Read more

"Pill on a string" could help spot early signs of cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cytosponge 'pill on a string' [21/07/2015] A "pill on a string" developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge could help doctors detect oesophageal cancer - cancer of the gullet - at an early stage, helping them overcome the problem of wide variation between biopsies, suggests research published in the journal Nature Genetics."Pill on a string" could help spot early signs of cancer - Read more

Researchers discover possible reason for drug resistance in breast tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Tumor cell [21/07/2015] HER2 membrane proteins play a special role in certain types of breast cancer: amplified levels of HER2 drive unrestricted cell growth. HER2-tailored antibody-based therapeutics aim to prevent cancer cell growth. However, two-thirds of HER2 positive breast cancer patients develop resistance against HER2-targeting drugs. The reason for this is not yet understood.Researchers discover possible reason for drug resistance in breast tumors - Read more

Obesity prevention needed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Adipose child [20/07/2015] The chance of an obese person attaining normal body weight is 1 in 210 for men and 1 in 124 for women, increasing to 1 in 1,290 for men and 1 in 677 for women with severe obesity, according to a study of UK health records led by King's College London.Obesity prevention needed - Read more

Personalized care for aortic aneurysms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood vessels in the human chest [20/07/2015] Researchers at the Aortic Institute at Yale have tested the genomes of more than 100 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms, a potentially lethal condition, and provided genetically personalized care. Their work will also lead to the development of a "dictionary" of genes specific to the disease, according to researchers. Personalized care for aortic aneurysms - Read more

Knee replacement: in-person and telerehabilitation comparable

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physiotherapy exercise for the knee [17/07/2015] Patients who received rehabilitation instructions via video teleconference, or "telerehabilitation," following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery had comparable outcomes to patients who received in-person physical therapy.Knee replacement: in-person and telerehabilitation comparable - Read more

Observing brain network dynamics to diagnose Alzheimer's

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Different brain scans lined up [17/07/2015] New research provides insights into how the brain organizes itself, and sets the stage for early diagnosis of neurological disorders like Alzheimer's, in which these certain brain networks break down.Observing brain network dynamics to diagnose Alzheimer's - Read more

Action and reform for scientific reproducibility needed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman writing in a lab book [16/07/2015] Public concern about reproducibility is legitimate and scientists must respond effectively, says task force for scientific reproducibility from the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB).Action and reform for scientific reproducibility needed - Read more

Ultrasound accelerates skin healing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holds an ultrasound head [16/07/2015] Healing times for skin ulcers and bedsores can be reduced by a third with the use of low-intensity ultrasound, scientists from the University of Sheffield and University of Bristol have found. This is particularly effective for treating diabetics and the elderly.Ultrasound accelerates skin healing - Read more

Donor funds fall short for key global health functions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A jar with donated dollars [15/07/2015] As experts debate the slow response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and call for better international coordination, a new analysis estimates that $22 billion was spent on global health aid in 2013, yet only a fifth of this went toward such global imperatives as research on diseases that disproportionally affect the poor, outbreak preparedness and global health leadership.Donor funds fall short for key global health functions - Read more

How the lung repairs its wounds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician is looking at a lungs' X-ray [15/07/2015] In collaboration with colleagues from the Max Planck Institute (MPI) of Biochemistry, scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München have now, for the first time, gained detailed insights into the dynamic remodeling of the tissue during lung repair.How the lung repairs its wounds - Read more

Co-payments tied to drug resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A dollar note showing from a jeans pocket [14/07/2015] The high out-of-pocket costs for antimicrobial drugs in many developing countries are leading to an increase in drug-resistant pathogens, according to a study by Stanford University researchers.Co-payments tied to drug resistance - Read more

More understanding of hospital weekend death risk needed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Empty foyer of a hospital [14/07/2015] Two academics from the University of Warwick say more research is needed to understand why patients are more likely to die in hospital at the weekend.More understanding of hospital weekend death risk needed - Read more

Less work hours do not improve surgical patient safety

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young surgeon sleeping in a wheelchair [13/07/2015] Work hour restrictions for resident physicians, revised nationally four years ago largely to protect patients against physician trainees' fatigue-related errors, have not had the desired effect of lowering postoperative complication rates in several common surgical specialties, according to new study results.Less work hours do not improve surgical patient safety - Read more

New guidelines for treating diabetic retinal degeneration

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Damaged retina of a diabetes patient [13/07/2015] The Department of Ophthalmology and Optometry at MedUni Vienna was chosen by the European Society of Retina Specialists (EURETINA) to coordinate the development of up-to-date treatment and diagnostic guidelines of diabetic retinal degeneration.New guidelines for treating diabetic retinal degeneration - Read more

Geometry of brain's outer surface correlates with genetic heritage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Image of brain [10/07/2015] Researchers at the University of California, San Diego and the School of Medicine have found that the three-dimensional shape of the cerebral cortex – the wrinkled outer layer of the brain controlling many functions of thinking and sensation – strongly correlates with ancestral background.Geometry of brain's outer surface correlates with genetic heritage - Read more

How intracellular signaling regulates growth factor production

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Cutting cells [10/07/2015] Now, researchers from German Leibniz Institute for Age Research (FLI) and Harvard University, US, showed that the factor-precursor-producing cells themselves determine if and when cleavage may occur. This is decided by intracellular signaling. Interfering with defined signaling in cells producing cancer growth factors could be developed into a new way of cancer treatment.How intracellular signaling regulates growth factor production - Read more

Cultural and economic factors affect antidepressant use

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drugs [09/07/2015] Public attitudes towards mental illness and levels of healthcare spending may explain the huge variation in antidepressant use across Europe, according to a new study by researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King's College London.Cultural and economic factors affect antidepressant use - Read more

Disrupting cells' 'powerhouses' can lead to tumor growth

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cells [09/07/2015] Cancer cells defy the rules by which normal cells abide. They can divide without cease, invade distant tissues and consume glucose at abnormal rates. Now a study by University of Pennsylvania researchers implicates defects in mitochondria, the energy-production centers of cells, as playing a key role in the transition from normal to cancerous.Disrupting cells' 'powerhouses' can lead to tumor growth - Read more

Online program helps people with chronic pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient and two doctors [08/07/2015] Washington State University researchers have found that people can manage chronic pain and reduce their reliance on opioids through an Internet-based program that teaches non-medical alternatives like increased physical activity, thinking more positively and dealing with emotions.Online program helps people with chronic pain - Read more

Therapeutic nitric oxide from air with an electric spark

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nitric oxide (NO) generator [08/07/2015] Treatment with inhaled nitric oxide (NO) has proven to be life saving in newborns, children and adults with several dangerous conditions, but the availability of the treatment has been limited by the size, weight and complexity of equipment needed to administer the gas and the therapy's high price. Now a research team has developed a lightweight, portable system that produces NO from the air.Therapeutic nitric oxide from air with an electric spark - Read more

COPD: Imaging could improve treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Images of lungs [07/07/2015] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) provide important information on the symptoms and exercise capabilities of people with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a new study published online in the journal Radiology. Researchers said the findings point the way to better treatment for some COPD patients.COPD: Imaging could improve treatment - Read more

Heart attack treatment hypothesis 'busted'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with heart attack [07/07/2015] Researchers have long had reason to hope that blocking the flow of calcium into the mitochondria of heart and brain cells could be one way to prevent damage caused by heart attacks and strokes. But in a study of mice engineered to lack a key calcium channel in their heart cells, Johns Hopkins scientists appear to have cast a shadow of doubt on that theory.Heart attack treatment hypothesis 'busted' - Read more

Germany's largest telemedicine project goes online

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient and the Saxony's minister of health [06/07/2015] One of Germany's largest telemedicine undertakings has officially started its pilot run in Dresden on July 1. On the occasion of the kick-off of the innovative, open telemedicine service "CCS Telehealth Ostsachsen", Saxony's minister of health, Barbara Klepsch (CDU), symbolically handed over a specially equipped tablet computer for aftercare at home to a patient.Germany's largest telemedicine project goes online - Read more

Using bacterial 'fight clubs' to find new drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: flask filled with liquid culture media [06/07/2015] That is the conclusion of a team of Vanderbilt chemists who have been exploring ways to get bacteria to produce biologically active chemicals that they normally hold in reserve. These compounds are called secondary metabolites. Using bacterial 'fight clubs' to find new drugs - Read more

First-ever possible treatments for MERS

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The word MERS surrounded by other words [03/07/2015] As the South Korean epidemic of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) continues unabated, researchers have raced to find treatments for the deadly virus, which has killed more than 400 people since it was first discovered three years ago in Saudi Arabia. First-ever possible treatments for MERS - Read more

Obese teens in study less likely to use contraception

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Adipose child [03/07/2015] A study of nearly 1,000 teens found that sexually active obese adolescents were significantly less likely to use contraception than normal weight peers, putting them at higher risk of unintended pregnancy.Obese teens in study less likely to use contraception - Read more

'Pulse' technology may replenish skin's collagen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye and skin of a woman [02/07/2015] A team of Tel Aviv University and Harvard Medical School researchers has devised a non-invasive technique that harnesses pulsed electric fields to generate new skin tissue growth.'Pulse' technology may replenish skin's collagen - Read more

Does radiation from X-rays and CT scans really cause cancer?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray of a child's head [02/07/2015] In recent years, there has been widespread media coverage of studies purporting to show that radiation from X-rays, CT scans and other medical imaging causes cancer. But such studies have serious flaws, including their reliance on an unproven statistical model, according to a recent article in the journal Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment. Does radiation from X-rays and CT scans really cause cancer? - Read more

Patients with recurrent depression have smaller hippocampi

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Grapic: Brain [01/07/2015] The brains of people with recurrent depression have a significantly smaller hippocampus - the part of the brain most associated with forming new memories - than healthy individuals, a new global study of nearly 9,000 people reveals.Patients with recurrent depression have smaller hippocampi - Read more

Researchers map important enzyme in the fight against cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Grapic: Cancer cell [01/07/2015] Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have discovered what regulates an enzyme that is central to the growth of cancer tumours. This could be of great value to future cancer treatment.Researchers map important enzyme in the fight against cancer - Read more

Increasing regulation of care service makes sector less attractive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elderly woman and caregiver [30/06/2015] Over 1.5 million people currently work in the care sector in the UK. However, health and social care sector have experienced challenges in recent years as a result of austerity measures in the public sector which has had implications for the pay and pensions of those working in the sector. With growing demands and fewer resources, the issue of workforce planning has become increasingly critical.Increasing regulation of care service makes sector less attractive - Read more

Umbilical cord 'milking' improves blood flow in preterm infants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Preterm born baby [30/06/2015] A technique to increase the flow of blood from the umbilical cord into the infant's circulatory system improves blood pressure and red blood cell levels in preterm infants delivered by Cesarean section, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.Umbilical cord 'milking' improves blood flow in preterm infants - Read more

Earlier and easier detection of colorectal cancer?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The process of detecting cancer in tissue samples [29/06/2015] Chemists at Caltech have developed a new sensitive technique capable of detecting colorectal cancer in tissue samples.Earlier and easier detection of colorectal cancer? - Read more

New conductive ink for electronic apparel

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Printing process on textile [29/06/2015] University of Tokyo researchers have developed a new ink that can be printed on textiles in a single step to form highly conductive and stretchable connections. New conductive ink for electronic apparel - Read more

Diabetic blindness: Best source of stem cells to block vision loss

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [26/06/2015] Researchers have taken a significant step forward in their efforts to use stem cells to block vision loss caused by diabetic retinopathy, a condition that affects millions of people with diabetes.Diabetic blindness: Best source of stem cells to block vision loss - Read more

First human with prosthetic leg that can feel

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with prothesis and a bike [26/06/2015] An Austrian team of researchers has successfully fitted a human being with a leg prosthesis that sends feelings to its wearer. The study results indicate that it greatly increases safety when in motion.First human with prosthetic leg that can feel - Read more

Disabled people pilot a robot with their thoughts

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Roboter with picture of a patient on it [25/06/2015] Multi-year research project aims to give a measure of independence to paralyzed people. This technology has shown that it works well and is easy to use.Disabled people pilot a robot with their thoughts - Read more

Fructose produces less rewarding sensations in the brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRI image of the brain [25/06/2015] Fructose not only results in a lower level of satiety, it also stimulates the reward system in the brain to a lesser degree than glucose. This may cause excessive consumption accompanied by effects that are a risk to health, report researchers from the University of Basel.Fructose produces less rewarding sensations in the brain - Read more

Brain scans of passengers who experienced nightmare flight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain scan [24/06/2015] A group of passengers who thought they were going to die when their plane ran out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean in August, 2001 have had their brains scanned while recalling the terrifying moments to help science better understand trauma memories and how they are processed in the brain. Brain scans of passengers who experienced nightmare flight - Read more

Users to fine-tune hearing aids themselves

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man and woman fine-tuning a hearing aid [24/06/2015] More than 20 per cent of people with hearing aids use their devices for less than one hour a day because of problems they encounter with tuning the settings. But now users can participate in fine-tuning their devices themselves.Users to fine-tune hearing aids themselves - Read more

Diabetes: Smart insulin patch

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Insulin patch [23/06/2015] Painful insulin injections could become a thing of the past, thanks to a new invention from researchers at the University of North Carolina and NC State, who have created the first "smart insulin patch" that can detect increases in blood sugar levels and secrete doses of insulin into the bloodstream whenever needed. Diabetes: Smart insulin patch - Read more

New composite material as CO2 sensor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Small chip between pincers [23/06/2015] A new material changes its conductivity depending on the concentration of CO2 in the environment. The researchers who developed it have utilized the material to produce a miniature, simply constructed sensor.New composite material as CO2 sensor - Read more

Access to electricity is linked to reduced sleep

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman trying to sleep [22/06/2015] New research comparing traditional hunter-gatherer living conditions to a more modern setting shows that access to artificial light and electricity has shortened the amount of sleep humans get each night. The Research is the first study to document this relationship in the field.Access to electricity is linked to reduced sleep - Read more

Patients test drive pacemaker before choosing permanent implant

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: No Pacemaker Sign [22/06/2015] Patients are test driving a pacemaker outside the skin before deciding whether to have a permanent implant, reveals novel research presented by Professor Michael Giudici, director of arrhythmia services in the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics.Patients test drive pacemaker before choosing permanent implant - Read more

Longer breaks between shifts promote nurses' recovery from work

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two nurses care for an old woman in hospital bed [19/06/2015] Reducing short breaks between shifts helps nurses recover from work, according to a new study from Finland. The study analyzed the effects of longer rest and recovery periods between shifts on heart rate variability, which is an indicator of recovery.Longer breaks between shifts promote nurses' recovery from work - Read more

Placenta-on-a-chip to better understand pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Little girl kisses the belly of a pregnant woman [19/06/2015] National Institutes of Health (NIH) researchers and their colleagues have developed a "placenta-on-a-chip" to study the inner workings of the human placenta and its role in pregnancy. The device was designed to imitate, on a micro-level, the structure and function of the placenta and model the transfer of nutrients from mother to fetus. Placenta-on-a-chip to better understand pregnancy - Read more

Optical Coherence Tomography: Removing brain tumor safer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Technique is used in the brain [18/06/2015] Brain surgery is difficult for good reason: When removing a tumor, for example, neurosurgeons walk a tightrope as they try to take out as much of the cancer as possible while keeping crucial brain tissue intact. Now Johns Hopkins researchers have developed an imaging technology that could provide surgeons with a color-coded map of a patient’s brain showing which areas are and are not cancer.Optical Coherence Tomography: Removing brain tumor safer - Read more

Restoring natural immunity against cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Histological section of two mouse melanomas [18/06/2015] Scientists at the Institut Pasteur and Inserm have successfully increased the infiltration of immune cells into tumors, thus inducing the immune system to block tumor growth. In an article published in Nature Immunology, the scientists show that, in combination with existing immunotherapies, this process efficiently destroys cancer cells.Restoring natural immunity against cancer - Read more

Novel source of X-rays for imaging purposes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Thorsten Naeser standing next to the lasersystem [17/06/2015] Physicists at LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics have validated a novel laser-driven means of generating bright and highly energetic X-ray beams. The method opens up new ways of imaging the fine structure of matter.Novel source of X-rays for imaging purposes - Read more

World spends more than $200 billion to make countries healthier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor holding a stethoscope on a globe [17/06/2015] Global health financing increased significantly after 2000, when the United Nations established the Millennium Development Goals, which included a strong focus on health. This trend in funding has only recently started to change, according to new research by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington. World spends more than $200 billion to make countries healthier - Read more

New mechanism that attacks viral infections discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: green virus [16/06/2015] An innovative mechanism that the innate immune system uses to control viral infections has been uncovered by researchers at the University Medical Centers in Mainz and Freiburg. Central to this is the discovery that two different but related elements of the immune system can act together in concert to fight, for example, rotavirus infections. New mechanism that attacks viral infections discovered - Read more

100 g of chocolate daily linked to lowered stroke risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pieces of chocolate [15/06/2015] Eating up to 100 g of chocolate every day is linked to lowered heart disease and stroke risk, finds research published online in the journal Heart. There does not seem to be any evidence for cutting out chocolate to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, conclude the researchers.100 g of chocolate daily linked to lowered stroke risk - Read more

Autoimmunity: New immunoregulation and biomarker

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Green cells with cell core [15/06/2015] Clinicians at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have elucidated a mechanism involved in determining the lifespan of antibody-producing cells, and identified a promising new biomarker for monitoring autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis and lupus erythematosus.Autoimmunity: New immunoregulation and biomarker - Read more

Mini-breast grown in petri dishes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Detail of breast epithelial cells [15/06/2015] About 70.000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year in Germany alone. Despite significant progress in the treatment of common types of breast cancer, some aggressive subtypes of the disease are poorly understood and remain incurable. A new experimental model opens new avenues for mammary gland biology and basic breast cancer research. Mini-breast grown in petri dishes - Read more

Artificial pancreas system for children with type 1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [12/06/2015] A Montréal research team, co-supervised by Dr. Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret from the IRCM and Dr. Laurent Legault from the Montreal Children's Hospital, undertook the first paediatric outpatient study to compare three alternative treatments for type 1 diabetes.Artificial pancreas system for children with type 1 diabetes - Read more

Women with lupus and APS: Risk of reduced fertility and pregnancy complication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnant woman lying on a couch [12/06/2015] New recommendations by EULAR for women's health and pregnancy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and/or antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) were presented at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015). Women with lupus and APS: Risk of reduced fertility and pregnancy complication - Read more

Comorbid conditions associated with worse cancer survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Grahpic: Lungs in the human body [11/06/2015] Lung cancer patients with comorbid conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, or congestive heart failure had a higher risk of death than lung cancer patients without comorbid conditions.Comorbid conditions associated with worse cancer survival - Read more

New obesity treatment prevents bone loss

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yoghurt [11/06/2015] Using the intestinal hormone GLP-1 in obesity treatment prevents the loss of bone mass otherwise frequently associated with major weight loss. This is the finding of a new study from the University of Copenhagen, Hvidovre and Glostrup Hospital. According to the researchers behind the study, the results may have a significant bearing on future obesity treatment.New obesity treatment prevents bone loss - Read more

Brain lesions in children challenging to diagnose

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Image of brain [10/06/2015] Brain lesions in children can be especially challenging to diagnose, according to a report by a multidisciplinary team of Loyola University Medical Center physicians. Lesions include tumors, abnormal blood vessel formations and abscesses and inflammation due to infections.Brain lesions in children challenging to diagnose - Read more

Plasma makes wounds heal quicker

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Scientifists of the project [10/06/2015] Many people suffer from skin disorders. Open wounds are a particularly acute problem, especially among the elderly. PlasmaDerm, a new medical technology solution, uses plasma to facilitate faster healing of wounds.Plasma makes wounds heal quicker - Read more

World Blood Donor Day, 14 June 2015

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man's arm during blood donation [10/06/2015] The slogan of World Blood Donor Day 2015 already says it all: Accident victims or patients undergoing difficult or lengthy surgery need blood transfusions to save their lives. This is why, at June 14th, recipients of donated blood all around the world say: "Thank you for saving my life!"World Blood Donor Day, 14 June 2015 - Read more

Aneurysms may recur years after endovascular treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood vessel [09/06/2015] Endovascular treatment (EVT) of intracranial aneurysm is effective in preventing long-term bleeding, but may be followed by aneurysm recurrences in a significant proportion of cases, according to a new magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) study.Aneurysms may recur years after endovascular treatment - Read more

New approach for treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dr. Claudia Staab-Weijnitz and Prof. Oliver Eickelberg [09/06/2015] Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München, in collaboration with an international team, have identified a potential novel drug target for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a dangerous chronic lung disease. They elucidated a new mechanism of fibrosis formation that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of the disease.New approach for treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis - Read more

Only half of men can remember their last medical check-up

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man visiting physician [08/06/2015] A new national survey about men and their cars, commissioned by Orlando Health, found that more than 80 percent of men could remember the make and model of their first car, but only about half could remember the last time they went to the doctor for a check-up.Only half of men can remember their last medical check-up - Read more

Strokes steal 8 years' worth of brain function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Images of brain [08/06/2015] Having a stroke ages a person's brain function by almost eight years, new research finds - robbing them of memory and thinking speed as measured on cognitive tests. In both black and white patients, having had a stroke meant that their score on a 27-item test of memory and thinking speed had dropped as much as it would have if they had aged 7.9 years overnight.Strokes steal 8 years' worth of brain function - Read more

Does a hospital stay set patients up for sepsis?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman lying in bed with a stomach ache [05/06/2015] Can a routine hospital stay upset the balance of microbes in our bodies so much that it sets some older people up for a life-threatening health crisis called sepsis? A new University of Michigan and VA study suggests this may be the case.Does a hospital stay set patients up for sepsis? - Read more

Seamless closure of surgical incisions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Grey female eye in close-up [05/06/2015] Tel Aviv University researcher brings groundbreaking fiber-optic laser system to the world of corneal transplants.Seamless closure of surgical incisions - Read more

Patient information too high for patients' literacy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: People with question marks in front of their faces [03/06/2015] More than 90 per cent of educational materials written for kidney disease patients are higher than an average patient's literacy, according to a new study published in the June issue of the National Kidney Foundation's American Journal of Kidney Diseases.Patient information too high for patients' literacy - Read more

Host microbiota keep the brain healthy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Grapic: Image of a microglia [02/06/2015] The gut’s microbiome has an impact on the brain’s immune response throughout life, with a possible effect on the course of diseases affecting the brain. Researchers at the University Medical Center Freiburg have uncovered these effects in mice.Host microbiota keep the brain healthy - Read more

How does human behavior lead to surgical errors?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgical team in the operation theater [02/06/2015] Why are major surgical errors called "never events"? Because they should not happen - but do. Mayo Clinic researchers identified 69 never events among 1.5 million invasive procedures performed over five years and detailed why each occurred.How does human behavior lead to surgical errors? - Read more

Microendoscope could eliminate unneeded biopsies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cells in a biopsy sample under the microscope [02/06/2015] In a clinical study of patients in the United States and China, researchers found that a low-cost, portable, battery-powered microendoscope developed by Rice University bioengineers could eventually eliminate the need for costly biopsies for many patients undergoing standard endoscopic screening for esophageal cancer.Microendoscope could eliminate unneeded biopsies - Read more

 
 

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