Main content of this page

Anchor links to the different areas of information in this page:

You are here: MEDICA Portal. MEDICA Magazine.

Articles

Epilepsy: Surgery effective for more than 15 years

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray image of a skull [29/01/2015] Brain surgery for otherwise hard-to-treat epilepsy is effective for up to 15 years, according to a new survey by Henry Ford Hospital physicians.Epilepsy: Surgery effective for more than 15 years - Read more

HIV: Persistent adaptability

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [29/01/2015] Drug-resistant HIV viruses can spread rapidly. This is the conclusion of a study conducted as part of the SWISS HIV Cohort Study, which is supported by the SNSF. Only the continuous introduction of new drugs can stop the virus from getting the upper hand.HIV: Persistent adaptability - Read more

Aortic dissection: Changing patterns in patient care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Stent is placed inside a blood vessel [28/01/2015] Cardiothoracic surgeons have long played a central role in the care of patients with aortic dissection, a life-threatening condition that in the past was treated only with open surgery or medicines.Aortic dissection: Changing patterns in patient care - Read more

Five strategies to write medical review articles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor writing with a pen [28/01/2015] Review articles in medical journals inform and enlighten physicians and other readers by summarizing the research on a given topic and setting the stage for further studies.Five strategies to write medical review articles - Read more

ICU: Patients on ventilators often able to communicate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand and pen on a writing pad [27/01/2015] A new study reveals that more than half of patients in intensive care units (ICU) using ventilators to help them breathe could benefit from assistive communication tools.ICU: Patients on ventilators often able to communicate - Read more

Practicing nursing care in a virtual world

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman wearing Oculus Rift headset [27/01/2015] Oculus Rift, a gaming headset, can help teach nurses how to communicate better, researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology have found.Practicing nursing care in a virtual world - Read more

Cancer: Dismissing 'trivial' symptoms could delay diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient talking to a physician [26/01/2015] People who dismiss their symptoms as trivial or worry about wasting the doctor's time may decide against going to their GP with red-flag cancer warning symptoms, according to a Cancer Research UK study published in the British Journal of General Practice.Cancer: Dismissing 'trivial' symptoms could delay diagnosis - Read more

Dragnet for epilepsy genes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgical specimen of brain tissue [26/01/2015] An international team of scientists together with the University of Bonn Hospital have taken a new path in the research into causes of epilepsy: The researchers determined the networks of the active genes and, like a dragnet, looked for the "main perpetrators" using a computer model.Dragnet for epilepsy genes - Read more

World Cancer Day (February 4th): "Not beyond us"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Official logo of World Cancer Day [26/01/2015] "Not beyond us" – this is the motto of World Cancer Day 2015. It means that the knowledge we have collected about cancer already contains a lot of solutions that we can and should use in the battle against the deadly disease.World Cancer Day (February 4th): "Not beyond us" - Read more

Antibiotic use by travelers may add to global spread of superbugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tablets lying around a sun bed [23/01/2015] Taking antibiotics for diarrhea may put travelers visiting developing parts of the world at higher risk for contracting superbugs and spreading these daunting drug-resistant bacteria to their home countries.Antibiotic use by travelers may add to global spread of superbugs - Read more

Device lowers blood pressure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Person measuring blood pressure at the wrist [23/01/2015] A new device has been shown to significantly lower blood pressure among patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure, compared to those treated with usual drug measures - according to research from Queen Mary University of London. Device lowers blood pressure - Read more

New preservation system for organ transplantation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: doctors transplanting an organ [22/01/2015] A new preservation system that pumps cooled, oxygen-rich fluid into donor livers not only keeps the organs in excellent condition for as long as nine hours before transplantation, but also leads to dramatically better liver function and increases survival of recipients, according to a series of animal studies. The system could be tested with transplant patients later this year. New preservation system for organ transplantation - Read more

Only half of teenage girls receive HPV vaccine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: girl being skeptic of injection [22/01/2015] It's a virus that is responsible for almost all cases of cervical cancer but a new study by University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston researchers indicates that only about half of the girls receive the vaccine at the recommended age to best protect themselves.Only half of teenage girls receive HPV vaccine - Read more

Possible new general anesthetics discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: doctor of anesthesia in OR [21/01/2015] Penn Medicine researchers, in a continuation of their groundbreaking work to better understand how anesthesia works in the body, have found the first new class of novel anesthetics since the 1970s. Their findings detail the processes through which the group uncovered these compounds.Possible new general anesthetics discovered - Read more

Wearable sensor clears path to long-term EKG

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: electrode sensor [21/01/2015] Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new, wearable sensor that uses silver nanowires to monitor electrophysiological signals, such as electrocardiography (EKG) or electromyography (EMG). The new sensor is as accurate as the "wet electrode" sensors used in hospitals, but can be used for long-term monitoring.Wearable sensor clears path to long-term EKG - Read more

Bone stem cells shown to regenerate bones and cartilage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: osteochondroretricular stem cells visualized in red [20/01/2015] Cells, called osteochondroreticular (OCR) stem cells, were discovered by tracking a protein expressed by the cells. Using this marker, researchers at Columbia University Medical Center found that OCR cells self-renew and generate key bone and cartilage cells, including osteoblasts and chondrocytes. Bone stem cells shown to regenerate bones and cartilage - Read more

Tiny 'microcapsules' could repair osteoarthritis damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: tiny microcapsule containing CNP [20/01/2015] A new 'microcapsule' treatment delivery method developed by researchers at Queen Mary University of London could reduce inflammation in cartilage affected by osteoarthritis and reverse damage to tissue. The research was funded by Arthritis Research UK and the AO Foundation. Tiny 'microcapsules' could repair osteoarthritis damage - Read more

Is it possible to reset our biological clocks?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with a clock in her hand [19/01/2015] Imagine being able to easily get over all of the discomfort and problems of jet lag or night-shift work. Science is not quite there, but recent work by Marc Cuesta, Nicolas Cermakian and Diane B. Boivin from the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and McGill University has opened new therapeutic avenues for improving the synchronization of the body's different biological clocks. Is it possible to reset our biological clocks? - Read more

Success for first tumor tissue samples biobank

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man working in a laboratory [19/01/2015] SPECTAcolor's successful start has demonstrated its viability to facilitate next generation cancer clinical trials. It has been successfully implemented across 19 clinical centers located in nine countries in Europe, has now recruited over 500 patients since its launch in September 2013, and the observed frequency of mutations is similar to that in previous colorectal cancer clinical trials. Success for first tumor tissue samples biobank - Read more

Do vascular diseases deliver clues to treat Alzheimer's?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Iconic man on a seesaw between heart and brain [16/01/2015] A growing body of research suggests that the most common cause of dementia in older people is a mix of vascular and Alzheimer's-related brain abnormalities, and that approximately half of people who die with Alzheimer's also have evidence of strokes in their brains.Do vascular diseases deliver clues to treat Alzheimer's? - Read more

Tattoo monitors glucose levels without needle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patch with printed electronics on an arm [16/01/2015] Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego have tested a temporary tattoo that both extracts and measures the level of glucose in the fluid in between skin cells. This first-ever example of the flexible, easy-to-wear device could be a promising step forward in noninvasive glucose testing for patients with diabetes.Tattoo monitors glucose levels without needle - Read more

Cardiac specialists recommend donor heart allocation changes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hands with surgical gloves hold a symbolic heart [15/01/2015] A group of leading cardiac specialists has proposed new guidelines for the allocation of donor hearts to patients awaiting transplant. The changes are aimed at improving the organ distribution process to increase the survival rate of patients awaiting transplant and posttransplant.Cardiac specialists recommend donor heart allocation changes - Read more

Cone snail venom holds promise for medical treatments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man holding a cone snail in his hand [15/01/2015] The venom is extraordinary complex mixture of compounds with medicinal properties. They could be used to treat cancer and addictions.Cone snail venom holds promise for medical treatments - Read more

Designing effective health messages

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cartoons showing health messages [14/01/2015] Is it better to tell people about the harms of certain health decisions or about the benefits of positive health related decisions? Studies that delve into this very question have differing results. A new paper just published by Cornell Food & Brand Lab, finds that the type of health messaging that is most effective might vary depending on certain characteristics of the target audience.Designing effective health messages - Read more

Social Media could impact on quality of conference presentations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Letters on wood cubes spelling [14/01/2015] A new pilot study into the impact of Twitter on conferences suggests that social media may impact on quality of presentations as speakers receive real-time feedback.Social Media could impact on quality of conference presentations - Read more

Do viruses make us smarter?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young female student with a laptop and a book [13/01/2015] A new study from Lund University in Sweden indicates that inherited viruses that are millions of years old play an important role in building up the complex networks that characterize the human brain.Do viruses make us smarter? - Read more

Optimistic people have healthier hearts

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Happy couple bathed in sunlight [13/01/2015] People who have upbeat outlooks on life have significantly better cardiovascular health, suggests a new study that examined associations between optimism and heart health in more than 5,100 adults.Optimistic people have healthier hearts - Read more

Healthcare: eLearning as good as traditional training

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Computer key with the word [12/01/2015] Electronic learning could enable millions more students to train as doctors and nurses worldwide, according to research.Healthcare: eLearning as good as traditional training - Read more

May contain nuts. But how much is too much?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Peanuts [12/01/2015] In a new study, researchers from the University of Manchester identified the level of five of the most common food allergens which would cause a reaction in only ten percent of people who are sensitive to them.May contain nuts. But how much is too much? - Read more

Researchers grow functional tissue-engineered intestine from human cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: model of an intestine [09/01/2015] A new study by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles has shown that tissue-engineered small intestine grown from human cells replicates key aspects of a functioning human intestine. The tissue-engineered small intestine they developed contains important elements of the mucosal lining and support structures and even tiny or ultra-structural components like cellular connections. Researchers grow functional tissue-engineered intestine from human cells - Read more

T cell receptor ensures Treg functionality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Researcher Christoph Vahl in his laboratory [09/01/2015] T cells play an important role in the immune system, destroying pathogens and controlling the body's immune responses. Every T cell has its own special T cell receptor (TCR) on its surface that only recognizes one specific substance. To protect the body, the majority of these autoreactive cells are destroyed before they fully mature.T cell receptor ensures Treg functionality - Read more

How bacteria control their size

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRSA uniform in size [08/01/2015] Staphylococcus aureus are so uniform in size they look like they were made in a factory. How do the bacteria manage to keep their size so uniform? Scientists have traditionally studied bacteria in large numbers, not individually. Working with tens of millions of cells in a culture flask, they tracked their growth by looking at how much the cells dimmed light passing through a tube. How bacteria control their size - Read more

Worsening trends in headache management

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man massaging his head [08/01/2015] Each year more than 12 million Americans visit their doctors complaining of headaches, which result in lost productivity and costs of upward of $31 billion annually. A new study by researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) suggests some of that cost could be offset by physicians ordering fewer tests and an increased focus on counseling about lifestyle changes.Worsening trends in headache management - Read more

Early blood glucose control lengthens life in people with type 1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: glucose monitoring tool [07/01/2015] People with type 1 diabetes who intensively control their blood glucose early in their disease are likely to live longer than those who do not, according to research funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings are the latest results of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) and its follow-up, the Epidemiology of Diabetes Control and Complications (EDIC) study. Early blood glucose control lengthens life in people with type 1 diabetes - Read more

Importance of bowel cancer screening

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: red marked bowel in human body [07/01/2015] Almost 40 percent of people who have abnormal results from bowel cancer screening tests and are referred for further investigation ignore their next screening invitation two years later, according to a Cancer Research UK study. In contrast, just 13 percent of those who had a normal result did not continue with screening. Importance of bowel cancer screening - Read more

'Glowing' new nanotechnology guides cancer surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Nanoparticle carries drug into cancer cell [06/01/2015] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed a new way to selectively insert compounds into cancer cells - a system that will help surgeons identify malignant tissues and then, in combination with phototherapy, kill any remaining cancer cells after a tumor is removed.'Glowing' new nanotechnology guides cancer surgery - Read more

Novel biomarker could help pathologists assessing tumors during surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two doctors during surgery [06/01/2015] Researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) reported the discovery of a novel cellular biomarker that could make it comparatively easy for cancer surgeons to determine if a patient has a potentially lethal mutation in a protein called p53, the most powerful of the body's natural tumor suppressors and often called "the guardian of the genome."Novel biomarker could help pathologists assessing tumors during surgery - Read more

Predicting superbugs' countermoves to new drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Petri dish with bacteria inside [05/01/2015] With drug-resistant bacteria on the rise, even common infections that were easily controlled for decades are proving trickier to treat with standard antibiotics. Researchers have developed a computer program called OSPREY to predict how MRSA will adapt to a new experimental drug ahead of time, before the drug is tested on patients.Predicting superbugs' countermoves to new drugs - Read more

Researchers target the cell's 'biological clock'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Cancer cells in the body [05/01/2015] Cell biologists at UT Southwestern Medical Center have targeted telomeres with a small molecule called 6-thiodG that takes advantage of the cell's 'biological clock' to kill cancer cells and shrink tumor growth. Researchers target the cell's 'biological clock' - Read more

49 percent of patients withhold clinically sensitive information

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lock and chains around a keyboard [19/12/2014] In the first real-world trial of the impact of patient-controlled access to electronic medical records, almost half of the patients who participated withheld clinically sensitive information in their medical records from some or all of their health care providers.49 percent of patients withhold clinically sensitive information - Read more

New class of synthetic molecules mimics antibodies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Function of Syams [19/12/2014] A Yale University lab has crafted the first synthetic molecules that have both the targeting and response functions of antibodies.New class of synthetic molecules mimics antibodies - Read more

'Radiogenetics' seeks to remotely control cells and genes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Colorful cellular structures [18/12/2014] It is the most basic of ways to find out what something does, whether it is an unmarked circuit breaker or an unidentified gene - flip its switch and see what happens. New remote-control technology may offer biologists a powerful way to do this with cells and genes.'Radiogenetics' seeks to remotely control cells and genes - Read more

GPs should be more open when referring patients for cancer investigations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician talking to a patient [18/12/2014] GPs should consider a more overt discussion with patients when referring them for further investigation of symptoms which may indicate cancer.GPs should be more open when referring patients for cancer investigations - Read more

Children: Open bone breaks can heal safely without surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy with a colorful cast around the arm [17/12/2014] Many children who sustain so-called open bone fractures in the forearm or lower leg can, and do, heal safely without surgery, according to the results of a small study led by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.Children: Open bone breaks can heal safely without surgery - Read more

Imaging reveals: Bacterial biofilms associated with colon cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fluorescent image of biofilms on cancer tissue [17/12/2014] Since the first "catalog" of the normal bacterial makeup of the human body was published in 2012, numerous connections between illness and disturbances in the human microbiota have been found. Now scientists report yet another: Cancerous tumors in the ascending colon are characterized by biofilms, which are dense clumps of bacterial cells encased in a self-produced matrix.Imaging reveals: Bacterial biofilms associated with colon cancer - Read more

Complications from blood transfusions more common than previously reported

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hanging, empty blood bags [16/12/2014] Two studies shed new light on the prevalence of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO), the number one and two leading causes of blood transfusion-related deaths in the United States.Complications from blood transfusions more common than previously reported - Read more

Patients do not understand risks of unnecessary antibiotics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician informs a patient about his description [16/12/2014] Over prescription of antibiotics is a major factor driving one of the biggest public health concerns today: antibiotic resistance. In a first-of-its-kind study, research led by the George Washington University suggests that public health educational materials may not address the misconceptions that shape why patients expect antibiotics, driving doctors to prescribe them more.Patients do not understand risks of unnecessary antibiotics - Read more

Male and female breast cancers are not identical

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man holding a hand over his breast [15/12/2014] Results of the EORTC10085/TBCRC/BIG/NABCG International Male Breast Cancer Program conducted in both Europe and in the United States found significant improvement in survival for men with breast cancer, but this improvement was not as good as that observed for women.Male and female breast cancers are not identical - Read more

Taming the inflammatory response in kidney dialysis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Structure of a complex molecule [15/12/2014] Frequent kidney dialysis is essential for the approximately 350,000 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in the United States. But it can also cause systemic inflammation, leading to complications such as cardiovascular disease and anemia, and patients who rely on the therapy have a five-year survival rate of only 35 percent.Taming the inflammatory response in kidney dialysis - Read more

Controlling obesity with potato extract

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two hands holding potatoes [12/12/2014] A simple potato extract may limit weight gain from a diet that is high in fat and refined carbohydrates, according to scientists at McGill University. The results of their recent study were so surprising that the investigators repeated the experiment just to be sure.Controlling obesity with potato extract - Read more

Drawing lessons from Philadelphia's large-scale ob unit closures

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: [12/12/2014] What does it mean for expectant mothers and hospitals when there are large-scale closures of maternity units? A new study led by researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia provides an inside view from hospital staff members in Philadelphia, where 13 out of 19 obstetric units closed in a 15-year period.Drawing lessons from Philadelphia's large-scale ob unit closures - Read more

Nanotechnology against malaria parasites

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Erythrocytes in a bloodvessel [11/12/2014] Malaria parasites invade human red blood cells, they then disrupt them and infect others. Researchers at the University of Basel and the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute have now developed so-called nanomimics of host cell membranes that trick the parasites.Nanotechnology against malaria parasites - Read more

Yeast cells are first known to cure themselves of prions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yeast cells under the microscope [11/12/2014] Yeast cells can sometimes reverse the protein misfolding and clumping associated with diseases such as Alzheimer's, according to new research from the University of Arizona.Yeast cells are first known to cure themselves of prions - Read more

Brain depends on gut bacteria for protection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-Ray showing three different mice [10/12/2014] With the abundance of information available about eating right, no one could question the capacity of your brain to protect your digestive tract. But a recent study shows that the intestines may in turn be protecting the brain, long before you are old enough to surf health and nutrition websites.Brain depends on gut bacteria for protection - Read more

York research spotlights male healthcare attitudes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man balancing an apple on a book [10/12/2014] A researcher at the University of York, studying male attitudes towards self-managing long-term healthcare issues, has discovered that self-management support is better received by men if it does not threaten aspects of masculine identity.York research spotlights male healthcare attitudes - Read more

Experience counts with radiation therapy for head and neck cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-Ray of head and neck area [09/12/2014] When it comes to specialized cancer surgery, it is generally true that the more experienced the surgeon, the better the outcome. The same might hold true for radiation therapy used to treat head and neck cancer, according to a new study.Experience counts with radiation therapy for head and neck cancer - Read more

Fewer deaths related to RSV than previously thought

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy with a cough in bed [09/12/2014] It is a virus that has long been characterized as dangerous and even deadly, but new research shows infant deaths from respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are actually quite uncommon in the 21st century.Fewer deaths related to RSV than previously thought - Read more

Correcting myths about the flu vaccine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician vaccinates sceptically looking woman [08/12/2014] With health systems in the U.S., U.K., and around the world trying to increase vaccination levels, it is critical to understand how to address vaccine hesitancy and counter myths about vaccine safety.Correcting myths about the flu vaccine - Read more

Technology to help patients with chronic liver disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Stomach, liver and intestines [08/12/2014] The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Research Foundation is pleased to announce that Ashish Nimgaonkar, MBBS, MTech, MS, from John Hopkins University, has received the inaugural AGA-Boston Scientific Career Development Technology & Innovation Award. This award is graciously supported by a grant from Boston Scientific, a leading innovator of medical solutions.Technology to help patients with chronic liver disease - Read more

Colorful nano-guides to the liver

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Scheme of a nanoparticle [05/12/2014] Jena scientists have been successful in producing highly specific nanoparticles. Depending on the bound dye the particles are guided to the liver or to the kidney and deliver their payload of active ingredients directly to the targeted tissue. The dyes also enable the tracking of the transport processes by intravital microscopy or, in a non-invasive way, by multi spectral optoacoustic tomography.Colorful nano-guides to the liver - Read more

Joint European implementation strategy for Systems Medicine published

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Signpost with the word [05/12/2014] After a two year cross-disciplinary consultation process the Coordinating Action Systems Medicine (CASyM) published its European implementation strategy (roadmap) for Systems Medicine.Joint European implementation strategy for Systems Medicine published - Read more

2D images as the new tool for cancer prevention

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: 2D images identify gastric cancer-prone mutations [04/12/2014] Portuguese researchers have developed a new method, which from images of a protein in a population of cells quantifies its distribution (how much there is, and where in the cell) for that population. The discovery by researchers João Sanches, Raquel Seruca and colleagues has important medical implications since the cellular location of a protein is directly linked to its function.2D images as the new tool for cancer prevention - Read more

Common knee surgery may lead to arthritis and cartilage loss

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vertical tear of the medial meniscus [04/12/2014] A popular surgery to repair meniscal tears may increase the risk of osteoarthritis and cartilage loss in some patients, according to research presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). The findings show that the decision for surgery requires careful consideration in order to avoid accelerated disease onset, researchers said. Common knee surgery may lead to arthritis and cartilage loss - Read more

Researchers control adhesion of E. coli bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: E Coli [03/12/2014] A research team from Kiel University (CAU) and Goethe University Frankfurt have jointly created a synthetic surface on which the adhesion of E. coli bacteria can be controlled. Researchers control adhesion of E. coli bacteria - Read more

Scientists create new tool for exploring cells in 3D

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: HIV Cell [03/12/2014] Researchers can now explore viruses, bacteria and components of the human body in more detail than ever before with software developed at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI). In a study published online ahead of print December 1 by the journal Nature Methods, the researchers demonstrated how the software, called cellPACK, can be used to model viruses such as HIV.Scientists create new tool for exploring cells in 3D - Read more

3-D mammography improves cancer detection in dense breasts

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: 3-D mammography [02/12/2014] A major new study being presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) has found that digital breast tomosynthesis, also known as 3-D mammography, has the potential to significantly increase the cancer detection rate in mammography screening of women with dense breasts.3-D mammography improves cancer detection in dense breasts - Read more

Genetic marker may help predict success of kidney transplants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Kidneys [02/12/2014] Kidneys donated by people born with a small variation in the code of a key gene may be more likely, once in the transplant recipient, to accumulate scar tissue that contributes to kidney failure, according to a study led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. Genetic marker may help predict success of kidney transplants - Read more

Membrane reduces scarring in damaged blood vessels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood vessel with a narrowing, blood flow [01/12/2014] When blood vessels are damaged through surgery, it can trigger an endless cycle of scarring and repair. Now, a new surgical membrane delivers the healing action of vitamin A.Membrane reduces scarring in damaged blood vessels - Read more

Technique allows ultrasound to penetrate bone, metal

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Ultrasound waves piercing different materials [01/12/2014] Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a technique that allows ultrasound to penetrate bone or metal, using customized structures that offset the distortion usually caused by these so-called "aberrating layers."Technique allows ultrasound to penetrate bone, metal - Read more

China: Climate change will slow fight against infectious diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ricefields filled with muddy water [28/11/2014] China has made significant progress increasing access to tap water and sanitation services, and has sharply reduced the burden of waterborne and water-related infectious diseases over the past two decades. However, researchers from Emory University found that climate change will blunt China's efforts at further reducing these diseases in the decades to come.China: Climate change will slow fight against infectious diseases - Read more

Obesity fuels silent heart damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring tape that forms a heart [28/11/2014] Using an ultrasensitive blood test to detect the presence of a protein that heralds heart muscle injury, researchers from Johns Hopkins and elsewhere have found that obese people without overt heart disease experience silent cardiac damage that fuels their risk for heart failure down the road.Obesity fuels silent heart damage - Read more

Researchers study impact of power prosthetic failures on amputees

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Powered prosthetic device [27/11/2014] Powered lower limb prosthetics hold promise for improving the mobility of amputees, but errors in the technology may also cause some users to stumble or fall. New research examines exactly what happens when these technologies fail, with the goal of developing a new generation of more robust powered prostheses.Researchers study impact of power prosthetic failures on amputees - Read more

Weight and eating habits in Parkinson’s disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse helps an old woman to eat [27/11/2014] A review of the scientific literature on Parkinson’s disease, conducted by SISSA research scientists, shows that even the non-motor symptoms associated with the disease can contribute to the changes in body weight seen in patients, including those subjected to deep brain stimulation.Weight and eating habits in Parkinson’s disease - Read more

Dopamine leaves its mark in brain scans

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Display of BOLD signal [26/11/2014] BOLD signals in functional magnetic resonance imaging do not always reflect what nerve cells are doing: Researchers use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify which areas of the brain are active during specific tasks.Dopamine leaves its mark in brain scans - Read more

How a mutant gene can cause deafness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl puts a hearing aid into her ear [26/11/2014] Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how one gene is essential to hearing, uncovering a cause of deafness and suggesting new avenues for therapies.How a mutant gene can cause deafness - Read more

'Antibiogram' to help improve antibiotic use, effectiveness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: White blood cell eats MRSA [25/11/2014] Use of "antibiograms" in skilled nursing facilities could improve antibiotic effectiveness and help address problems with antibiotic resistance that are becoming a national crisis.'Antibiogram' to help improve antibiotic use, effectiveness - Read more

Hand dryers can spread bacteria in public toilets

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two hands under a hand dryer [25/11/2014] Modern hand dryers are much worse than paper towels when it comes to spreading germs, according to new University of Leeds research.Hand dryers can spread bacteria in public toilets - Read more

Complex jobs may protect memory and thinking later in life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Construction worker and architect [24/11/2014] People whose jobs require more complex work with other people, such as social workers and lawyers, or with data, like architects or graphic designers, may end up having longer-lasting memory and thinking abilities compared to people who do less complex work.Complex jobs may protect memory and thinking later in life - Read more

Fat a culprit in fibrotic lung damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man holding a printed iconic image of the lungs [24/11/2014] Excess fat in the lung may cause pulmonary fibrosis, an incurable lung disease. It is caused by scarring that seems to feed on itself, with the tougher, less elastic tissue replacing the ever moving and stretching lung, making it increasingly difficult for patients to breathe.Fat a culprit in fibrotic lung damage - Read more

A new tool for identifying onset of local influenza outbreaks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: doctor holding a syringe with flu vaccine [21/11/2014] Predicting the beginning of influenza outbreaks is notoriously difficult, and can affect prevention and control efforts. Now, just in time for flu season, researchers have devised a simple yet accurate method for hospitals and public health departments to determine the onset of elevated influenza activity at the community level.A new tool for identifying onset of local influenza outbreaks - Read more

Clock for brain waves

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Network of nerve cells [21/11/2014] Oscillations of brain activity influence our attention and many other mental functions. Tatjana Tchumatchenko from the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt and Claudia Clopath from Imperial College London have now developed a theoretical model that explains the origin of such oscillations in neural networks.Clock for brain waves - Read more

How new insight into cells could lead to better drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: immune cells [20/11/2014] A team at the Manchester Collaborative Centre for Inflammation Research, working in collaboration with global healthcare company GSK, investigated how different types of immune cells communicate with each other - and how they kill cancerous or infected cells.How new insight into cells could lead to better drugs - Read more

Technology against a flu outbreak

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor checking health of a man [20/11/2014] Contrary to what one might think, influenza epidemics are a natural occurrence, as they are produced by the constant mutation of the viruses leading to the appearance of new subtypes formed from recombination of whole areas of genes. Therefore, Mexican scientists designed a platform that assesses the knowledge that people have about the disease and provides tools to prevent contagion.Technology against a flu outbreak - Read more

Antibiotics get a “time-out”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Glas of water next to some pills [19/11/2014] Resistance to antibiotics is an important health concern that affects both the spread of infections, like Clostridium difficile, and the medication budget. Researchers at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) examined the effectiveness of adopting an antibiotic “time-out” during treatment, which involves regularly re-evaluating the treatment strategy as the clinical situation evolves.Antibiotics get a “time-out” - Read more

Ebola surveillance may become quicker and cheaper

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ebola virus under microscope [19/11/2014] A new method for examining the Ebola virus genome could make surveillance quicker and cheaper for West African nations, and help detect new forms of the virus. With over 13,000 cases and nearly 5,000 deaths in eight affected countries, the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the largest to date.Ebola surveillance may become quicker and cheaper - Read more

Drugs that protect organs during transplantation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: doctors during a transplantation [18/11/2014] Organs can become significantly damaged during transplantation, but a new article published in the BJS (British Journal of Surgery) offers a protective strategy that could keep them safe and allow them to function optimally after the procedure.Drugs that protect organs during transplantation - Read more

New insight into common cause of blindness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with glasses tries to read a description [18/11/2014] Scientists at The University of Manchester have identified an important new factor behind one of the major causes of blindness, which they hope could lead to new treatments. Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the major cause of blindness in the western world, affecting around 50 million people. It has been shown that sufferers are genetically predisposed to develop the condition. New insight into common cause of blindness - Read more

Active asthma may significantly raise risk of heart attack

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man using his asthma inhaler [17/11/2014] Recent asthma symptoms or asthma that requires daily medication may significantly raise the risk of heart attack, according to two research papers presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014.Active asthma may significantly raise risk of heart attack - Read more

Bio-inspired bleeding control

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: synthetic platelets [17/11/2014] Stanching the free flow of blood from an injury remains a holy grail of clinical medicine. Controlling blood flow is a primary concern and first line of defense for patients and medical staff in many situations, from traumatic injury to illness to surgery. If control is not established within the first few minutes of a hemorrhage, further treatment and healing are impossible.Bio-inspired bleeding control - Read more

MEDICA and COMPAMED 2014: Medical Device Technology Providers benefit from Strong International Response – Tailwinds for Export Business

( Source: Final Press Release )

[15/11/2014] “The high number of international visitors has provided medical device technology providers as well as their suppliers at MEDICA and COMPAMED with tailwinds for propping up their export business,” says Joachim Schäfer, Managing Director at Messe Düsseldorf, summing up the events in the halls after four days.MEDICA and COMPAMED 2014: Medical Device Technology Providers benefit from Strong International Response – Tailwinds for Export Business - Read more

On the Trail of Proteins

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microscope [14/11/2014] Scientists from Heidelberg University in collaboration with researchers from the University of Gießen have succeeded in electrochemically detecting protein binding on semiconductor materials for the first time, thanks to a newly developed investigative method based on differences in electrical charge. On the Trail of Proteins - Read more

When hearing aid users listen to music, less is more

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman with headphones [14/11/2014] The type of sound processing that modern hearings aids provide to make speech more understandable for wearers may also make music enjoyment more difficult, according to a new study by the University of Colorado (CU) Boulder.When hearing aid users listen to music, less is more - Read more

A medical lab for the home

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microchip at a fingertip [13/11/2014] Fraunhofer FIT demonstrates a mobile wireless system that monitors the health of elderly people in their own homes, using miniature sensors. Besides non-invasive sensors this platform integrates technology to take a blood sample and to determine specific markers in the patient's blood.A medical lab for the home - Read more

Cockroach Cyborgs use microphones to trace sounds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cockroach Cyborg [13/11/2014] North Carolina State University researchers have developed technology that allows cyborg cockroaches, or biobots, to pick up sounds with small microphones and seek out the source of the sound. The technology is designed to help emergency personnel find and rescue survivors in the aftermath of a disaster.Cockroach Cyborgs use microphones to trace sounds - Read more

A new angle on infertility

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Negative pregnancy test [12/11/2014] Scientists discovered that a single mutation in the beta-catenin gene, which codes a protein known to be deeply involved in a number of developmental and homeostatic processes, can lead to infertility not through a disruption of the production of egg or sperm cells, but rather by leading to abnormalities in the morphology of the sexual organs, making natural reproduction impossible. A new angle on infertility - Read more

Computer game could help visually-impaired children live independently

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Screenshot of the game [12/11/2014] Developed by a team of neuroscientists and video game designers from the University of Lincoln, UK, and the WESC Foundation, one of the UK's leading specialist schools for visually impaired children, the Eyelander game features exploding volcanoes, a travelling avatar and animated landscapes. They hope the game could hold the key to helping visually-impaired children lead independent lives.Computer game could help visually-impaired children live independently - Read more

MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2014 eröffnet: Zukunftsweisendes Konzept

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/11/2014] 350 Referenten und 280 Veranstaltungen an vier Tagen: In Düsseldorf findet seit heute die MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE unter dem Motto „Wissenschaft trifft Medizintechnik“ statt. MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2014 eröffnet: Zukunftsweisendes Konzept - Read more

Family planning on the rocks: When social freezing can help family planning

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/11/2014] First a career, then kids: social freezing allows women to save their eggs and get pregnant later in life. The aim of these “egg banks” is to increase couples' flexibility in family planning.Family planning on the rocks: When social freezing can help family planning - Read more

NEBIAS: The world’s most advanced bionic hand

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two men at arm wrestling, one wearing a prosthesis [11/11/2014] A prosthetic hand, which provides a sense of touch acute enough to handle an egg, has been completed and is now exploited by the NEBIAS project after 10 years of EU-funded research. The world’s most advanced bionic hand was tested with the help of amputee Dennis Aabo Sørensen who was able to grasp objects intuitively and identify what he was touching, while blindfolded.NEBIAS: The world’s most advanced bionic hand - Read more

Project reduces 'alarm fatigue' in hospitals by 80 percent

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Monitor with ECG and the word [11/11/2014] Widespread adoption could increase patient safety nationally: The sound of monitor alarms in hospitals can save patients' lives, but the frequency with which the monitors go off can also lead to "alarm fatigue," in which caregivers become desensitized to the ubiquitous beeping.Project reduces 'alarm fatigue' in hospitals by 80 percent - Read more

Cellular extensions with a large effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman takes blood sample for sugar test [10/11/2014] Tiny extensions on cells, cilia, play an important role in insulin release, according to a new study. The researchers report that the cilia of beta cells in the pancreas are covered with insulin receptors and that changed ciliary function can be associated with the development of type 2 diabetes.Cellular extensions with a large effect - Read more

US preterm birth rate hits healthy people 2020 goal 7 years early

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Map of premature birth USA [10/11/2014] The national preterm birth rate fell to 11.4 percent in 2013 – the lowest in 17 years -- meeting the federal Healthy People 2020 goal seven years early. Despite this progress, the U.S. still received a "C" on the 7th annual March of Dimes Premature Birth Report Card because it fell short of the more-challenging 9.6 percent target set by the March of Dimes. US preterm birth rate hits healthy people 2020 goal 7 years early - Read more

World Diabetes Day: Healthy living with diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yogurt with fruits [10/11/2014] A healthy lifestyle is essential . Therefore, this year’s World Diabetes Day (November 14th) takes place under the motto "Healthy eating begins with breakfast". Since 2006, the second official UN awareness day unites the global diabetes community and appeals to the awareness of diabetes.World Diabetes Day: Healthy living with diabetes - Read more

Blocking mitochondrial fission: effective treatment for Parkinson's?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Schematic view of a mitochondrium [07/11/2014] A study led by a researcher from Plymouth University in the UK, has discovered that the inhibition of a particular mitochondrial fission protein could hold the key to potential treatment for Parkinson's Disease (PD).Blocking mitochondrial fission: effective treatment for Parkinson's? - Read more

High-speed 'label-free' imaging could reveal dangerous plaques

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Image taken with the new technology [07/11/2014] Researchers are close to commercializing a new type of medical imaging technology that could diagnose cardiovascular disease by measuring ultrasound signals from molecules exposed to a fast-pulsing laser.High-speed 'label-free' imaging could reveal dangerous plaques - Read more

Ages 18 to 26: new view in policy and research

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yound adults in classroom [06/11/2014] Young adults ages 18-26 should be viewed as a separate subpopulation in policy and research, because they are in a critical period of development when successes or failures could strongly affect the trajectories of their lives, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council.Ages 18 to 26: new view in policy and research - Read more

Biosimilar drugs could create billions in health care savings

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Capsules with leafs inside [06/11/2014] Introducing competing "biosimilar" versions of complex biologic drugs used to treat illnesses such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis could cut spending on biologics in the United States by $44 billion over the next decade, according to new analysis from the RAND Corporation.Biosimilar drugs could create billions in health care savings - Read more

Altered diagnosis has led to growth in autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician, girl and mother [05/11/2014] More than half of the increases in the Danish autism statistics can be explained by changes in the way diagnosis are made and cases registered. This is shown by a new study from Aarhus University which, for the first time, confirms a widespread hypothesis.Altered diagnosis has led to growth in autism - Read more

Lactose intolerant people at lower risk of certain cancers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Milk and cheese [05/11/2014] People with lactose intolerance are at lower risk of suffering from lung, breast and ovarian cancers, according to a new study by researchers at Lund University and Region Skåne in Sweden.Lactose intolerant people at lower risk of certain cancers - Read more

Medical professionals can step into their patients’ shoes now

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man putting business shoes on [04/11/2014] A pioneering piece of technology will allow users to experience the world through the eyes of a person with Young-Onset Parkinson’s disease- which could revolutionize the way carers and medical staff treat people with the degenerative condition.Medical professionals can step into their patients’ shoes now - Read more

Older adults at risk of delirium after surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man with oxygen mask [04/11/2014] New research reports that preoperative pain and depressive symptoms in older adults place them at greater risk of delirium following surgery. According to the findings, both pain and depression are independent and interactive risk factors for delirium, suggesting a cumulative effect.Older adults at risk of delirium after surgery - Read more

More penalties on the way for hospitals that treat the poor?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dollar bill, stethoscope on an insurance form [03/11/2014] New policy targeting hospital readmissions for COPD may hurt vulnerable patients, lung disease experts say.More penalties on the way for hospitals that treat the poor? - Read more

Sea sponge drug could boost breast cancer survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sponge at the seafloor [03/11/2014] The cancer drug eribulin, originally developed from sea sponges, could give women with advanced triple negative breast cancer an average of five extra months of life, according to research presented at the National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference in Liverpool.Sea sponge drug could boost breast cancer survival - Read more

High-intensity sound waves may aid regenerative medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Histotripsy Lesion Created in Bovine Liver Tissue [31/10/2014] Researchers at the University of Washington have developed a way to use sound to create cellular scaffolding for tissue engineering, a unique approach that could help overcome one of regenerative medicine's significant obstacles.High-intensity sound waves may aid regenerative medicine - Read more

Mediterranean diet may help protect kidney health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: family eating a mediterranean meal [31/10/2014] Eating fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, and heart-healthy fats linked with decreased risk of developing chronic kidney disease. A Mediterranean-style diet may significantly reduce the risk of developing chronic kidney disease, according to a new study.Mediterranean diet may help protect kidney health - Read more