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Gene variant: heart disease risk factor for women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Woman holding her heart [24/07/2014] Historically, it was thought that heart disease was a men's-only disease, however, data has shown that post-menopausal women are just as likely as men to get heart disease and are less likely to be adequately diagnosed and treated. New research from Western University brings to light a genetic basis for heart disease in women and helps to identify which women are more prone to heart disease.Gene variant: heart disease risk factor for women - Read more

Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A dust mite [24/07/2014] If you’re allergic to dust mites (and chances are you are), help may be on the way. Researchers at the University of Iowa have developed a vaccine that can combat dust-mite allergies by naturally switching the body’s immune response. Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies - Read more

Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: Sign advertizing organ donation [23/07/2014] Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles - Read more

Preventing foodborne illness, naturally - with cinnamon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of yellow cinnamon oil [23/07/2014] Seeking ways to prevent some of the most serious foodborne illnesses caused by pathogenic bacteria, two Washington State University scientists have found promise in an ancient but common cooking spice: cinnamon.Preventing foodborne illness, naturally - with cinnamon - Read more

Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Helical trajectory followed by swimming bacterial cells [22/07/2014] When it comes to swimming, the bodies of some bacteria are more than just dead weight, according to new research from Brown University.Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers - Read more

Human platelets from next-generation bioreactor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A woman donating blood [22/07/2014] Scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have developed a scalable, next-generation platelet bioreactor to generate fully functional human platelets in vitro. The work is a major biomedical advancement that will help address blood transfusion needs worldwide.Human platelets from next-generation bioreactor - Read more

More people in the UK complaining about their doctors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A man is throwing a complaint in a box [21/07/2014] Report analyses the rise in doctor fitness to practice complaints made by the public to the General Medical Council.More people in the UK complaining about their doctors - Read more

New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of a HIV virus [21/07/2014] The most critical barrier for curing HIV-1 infection is the presence of the viral reservoir, the cells in which the HIV virus can lie dormant for many years and avoid elimination by antiretroviral drugs. Very little has been known about when and where the viral reservoir is established during acute HIV-1 infection, or the extent to which it is susceptible to early antiretroviral therapy (ART).New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir - Read more

World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Face of a young woman [21/07/2014] Look twice first and then act! This year’s World Hepatitis Day takes place under the motto “Think again.” World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2014 - Read more

Antivirals underprescribed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Doctor who explains the use of medicine to her patient [18/07/2014] Patients likely to benefit the most from antiviral therapy for influenza were prescribed these drugs infrequently during the 2012-2013 influenza season, while antibiotics may have been overprescribed. The findings suggest more efforts are needed to educate clinicians about the appropriate use of antivirals and antibiotics in the outpatient setting.Antivirals underprescribed - Read more

Death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Look inside an ambulance [18/07/2014] When a medical emergency strikes, our gut tells us to get to the nearest hospital quickly. But a new study suggests that busier emergency centers may actually give the best chance of surviving – especially for people suffering life-threatening medical crises.Death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers - Read more

Cases of superbug significantly rise in southeastern US

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse and patient at intensive care unit [17/07/2014] Cases of the highly contagious, drug-resistant bacteria, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), have increased fivefold in community hospitals in the Southeastern United States, according to a new study.Cases of superbug significantly rise in southeastern US - Read more

Study maps EU school food policies for the first time

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: School children eating lunch together [17/07/2014] As part of the European Commission's efforts to help reduce childhood obesity, the Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre (JRC), has published the first comprehensive report on school food policies in Europe.Study maps EU school food policies for the first time - Read more

3D printed anatomy marks a new era for medical training

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Anatomy of the upper part of the body [16/07/2014] The creators of a unique kit containing anatomical body parts produced by 3D printing say it will revolutionize medical education and training, especially in countries where cadaver use is problematical. 3D printed anatomy marks a new era for medical training - Read more

Teaching the brain to reduce pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A foot about to step on needles [16/07/2014] People can be conditioned to feel less pain when they hear a neutral sound, new research from the University of Luxembourg has found. This lends weight to the idea that we can learn to use mind-over-matter to beat pain.Teaching the brain to reduce pain - Read more

Researchers invent nanotech microchip to diagnose type-1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Woman who syringes insulin [15/07/2014] An inexpensive, portable, microchip-based test for diagnosing type-1 diabetes could improve patient care worldwide and help researchers better understand the disease, according to the device's inventors at the Stanford University School of Medicine.Researchers invent nanotech microchip to diagnose type-1 diabetes - Read more

Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood under microscope [15/07/2014] The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step further. A group led by University of Wisconsin-Madison stem cell researcher Igor Slukvin reports the discovery of two genetic programs responsible for taking blank-slate stem cells and turning them into both red and the array of white cells that make up human blood.Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood - Read more

Electronic health records make clinical trials less expensive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A medical team using electronic health records [14/07/2014] Using electronic health records to understand the best available treatment for patients, from a range of possible options, is more efficient and less costly for taxpayers than the existing clinical trial process, a new study shows.Electronic health records make clinical trials less expensive - Read more

Injected vaccine could help eradicate polio

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: a syringe is filled with vaccine [14/07/2014] Re-introducing a type of polio vaccine that fell out of favor in the 1960s could hasten eradication of the disease, according to new research. The study suggests that the injected polio vaccine (IPV) could provide better and longer lasting protection against infection if used in combination with the more commonly used live oral polio vaccine (OPV). Injected vaccine could help eradicate polio - Read more

Protein pushes breast cancer cells to metastasize

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Precaution against breastcancer with mammography [11/07/2014] Using an innovative tool that captures heretofore hidden ways that cells are regulated, scientists at Rockefeller University have identified a protein that makes breast cancer cells more likely to metastasize.Protein pushes breast cancer cells to metastasize - Read more

Study reveals protective role for specialized cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Professor David Lo with a student [11/07/2014] Research in the UCR School of Medicine laboratory of David Lo found that certain cells of the epithelium have a potentially important role in immune surveillance – creating an electrostatic repulsion field to microbial invasion.Study reveals protective role for specialized cells - Read more

Blocking cells' movement to stop the spread of cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: cell [10/07/2014] Insights into how cells move through the body could lead to innovative techniques to stop cancer cells from spreading and causing secondary tumors, according to new UCL research. Scientists discovered that cells can change into an invasive, liquid-like state to readily navigate the narrow channels in our body. Blocking cells' movement to stop the spread of cancer - Read more

Malaria: New details about an old pathogen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Mosquito stings and transfers malaria [10/07/2014] A previously unknown type of gene regulation involving the malaria pathogen has been discovered by an international team of researchers. Scientists from the University of Würzburg were among the party. It remains to be seen whether the discovery will lead to the development of new drugs. Malaria: New details about an old pathogen - Read more

Metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: a microscope with which DNA is examined [09/07/2014] A research team at the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta have discovered a new way by which metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA, the basis of our genetic code. The findings may have important implications for the understanding of many common diseases, including cancer.Metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA - Read more

Parkinson‘s disease: genetic defect triggers damages in neurons

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Change of the brain at Parkinson's patients [09/07/2014] Genetic variants in a gene referred to as GBA1 (glucocerebrosidase) are associated to an increased risk for Parkinson’s. Researchers of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) and the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research have now pinpointed the consequences that genetic variations in GBA1 have on neurons.Parkinson‘s disease: genetic defect triggers damages in neurons - Read more

Finding real value in big data for public health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: An asian woman holding Big Data in her hands [08/07/2014] Media reports of public health breakthroughs made possible by big data have been largely oversold, according to a new study.Finding real value in big data for public health - Read more

Regular nutrition screenings in geriatric health assessment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man eating a pear [08/07/2014] As older adults typically have one or more chronic health conditions that can affect dietary intake, malnutrition has been identified as a serious problem. This has given rise to the recommendation that nutrition screenings be a mandatory part of the comprehensive geriatric analysis (CGA).Regular nutrition screenings in geriatric health assessment - Read more

'Nanojuice' could improve how doctors examine the gut

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of coloured nanjuice [07/07/2014] It may help diagnose irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease and other gastrointestinal illnesses.'Nanojuice' could improve how doctors examine the gut - Read more

Researchers uncover new knowledge about our intestines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the interstines and small intestines [07/07/2014] Researchers from DTU Systems Biology have mapped 500 previously unknown microorganisms in human intestinal flora as well as 800 also unknown bacterial viruses, also called bacteriophages, which attack intestinal bacteria.Researchers uncover new knowledge about our intestines - Read more

New health services needed for rise in 100-year-olds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Old Asian woman smiling [04/07/2014] Over 35,000 people lived to 100 years or more in England over the last ten years, with a large proportion subsequently dying from frailty exacerbated by pneumonia, according to a new study by King's College London. With the number of centenarians set to grow, end-of-life care needs to be tailored to the increasing frailty in this age group, warn the King's palliative care researchers.New health services needed for rise in 100-year-olds - Read more

New tool helps guide brain cancer surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mass spectrometer [04/07/2014] A tool to help brain surgeons test and more precisely remove cancerous tissue was successfully used during surgery, according to a Purdue University and Brigham and Women's Hospital study.New tool helps guide brain cancer surgery - Read more

Hepatitis C may help transplant patients adapt to new liver

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:  Liver [03/07/2014] Transplant patients can develop tolerance to new livers even if they have hepatitis C, according to a new study led by King’s College London and the University of Barcelona. Contrary to what was previously thought, infected patients are not at greater risk of organ rejection and their heightened immune response may actually help the body to adapt to a new liver. Hepatitis C may help transplant patients adapt to new liver - Read more

Seeing your true colors: standards for hyperspectral imaging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hyperspectral imaging [03/07/2014] Today, doctors who really want to see if a wound is healing have to do a biopsy or some other invasive technique that can really only offer information about a small area. A technology called hyperspectral imaging offers doctors a noninvasive, painless way to discriminate between healthy and diseased tissue.Seeing your true colors: standards for hyperspectral imaging - Read more

Efforts to cut unnecessary blood testing bring major decreases in health care spending

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:  Glass tube filled with blood [02/07/2014] Researchers at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center used two relatively simple tactics to significantly reduce the number of unnecessary blood tests to assess symptoms of heart attack and chest pain and to achieve a large decrease in patient charges.Efforts to cut unnecessary blood testing bring major decreases in health care spending - Read more

Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Parents playing with their daughter [02/07/2014] Parents who have a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are about one third less likely to have more children than families without an affected child, according to a study led by a UC San Francisco researcher.Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids - Read more

Bionic pancreas controls blood sugar levels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Components of the bionic pancreas [01/07/2014] The latest version of a bionic pancreas device has been successfully tested in two five-day clinical trials – one in adults, the other in adolescents – that imposed minimal restrictions on patient activities.Bionic pancreas controls blood sugar levels - Read more

Most people with type 1 diabetes do not use diabetes devices to get long-term data

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring blood sugar [01/07/2014] Almost 70 percent of adults with Type 1 diabetes never use their blood glucose self-monitoring devices or insulin pumps to download historical data about their blood sugar levels and insulin doses – information that likely would help them manage their disease better. These new survey results show that only 12 percent of patients regularly review their past glucose and insulin pump data at home.Most people with type 1 diabetes do not use diabetes devices to get long-term data - Read more

Researchers call for patients who receive home nutritional care to have emergency plans

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two men lock a window with wood [30/06/2014] On the heels of the 2014 hurricane season, researchers are calling for home parenteral and enteral nutrition (HPEN) consumers and their homecare providers to have a comprehensive emergency preparedness plan (EPP) to ensure that special needs are met during the time of a disaster. Researchers call for patients who receive home nutritional care to have emergency plans - Read more

TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medical Report Tuberculosis written on a typewriter [30/06/2014] Tuberculosis infection among people taking corticosteroid pills may be underestimated, new research suggests. Current guidelines for what constitutes a positive TB skin test among corticosteroid pill users may not be capturing all those who are infected, said Dr. Nicholas Vozoris, a respirologist in the Tuberculosis Program at St. Michael's Hospital. TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills - Read more

Air pollution controls linked to lower death rates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A powerplant during nighttime [27/06/2014] National and state air pollution controls that went into effect in the early 1990s coincide with decreasing death rates from emphysema, asthma and pneumonia among people in North Carolina, according to a study led by Duke University researchers.Air pollution controls linked to lower death rates - Read more

Chemical strategy hints at better drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man taking drops from a drug bottle [27/06/2014] By swapping replacement parts into the backbone of a synthetic hormone, UW–Madison graduate student Ross Cheloha and his mentor, Sam Gellman, have built a version of a parathyroid hormone that resists degradation in laboratory mice.Chemical strategy hints at better drugs - Read more

eHealth may help prevent HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphone in the hands of a man [26/06/2014] While many HIV prevention interventions have traditionally been delivered face-to-face, a study from Columbia University School of Nursing suggests that digital outreach efforts delivered via text messages, interactive games, chat rooms, and social networks may be an effective way to reach at-risk younger men.eHealth may help prevent HIV - Read more

Immune system: not even cell death can stop the alarm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Confocal microscopy image of macrophages [26/06/2014] Even after a cell dies, components of the immune system remain active and continue to fuel inflammatory reactions. An international team of researchers under the direction of scientists from the Institute of Innate Immunity at the University Hospital of Bonn has discovered how this incredible form of communication works.Immune system: not even cell death can stop the alarm - Read more

Dementia: long-term care must be improved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an older patient's hand [25/06/2014] As millions of Americans struggle to help loved ones with dementia, policymakers should consider more ways to improve long-term services and supports for the soaring numbers of people with the debilitating condition and their caregivers, a new RAND Corporation study says.Dementia: long-term care must be improved - Read more

Mediterranean diet: children less likely to be overweight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mediterranean fish dish [25/06/2014] A study of eight European countries shows that children consuming a diet more in line with the rules of the Mediterranean one are 15% less likely to be overweight or obese than those children who do not.Mediterranean diet: children less likely to be overweight - Read more

Nanoscale composites improve MRI

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Silicon mesoporous particles, aka SiMPS [24/06/2014] Submicroscopic particles that contain even smaller particles of iron oxide could make magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a far more powerful tool to detect and fight disease.Nanoscale composites improve MRI - Read more

New hybrid circuit for future electronics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hybrid CNT/IGZO circuits [24/06/2014] A new flexible and energy-efficient hybrid circuit using carbon nanotubes has big implications for the future of electronics.New hybrid circuit for future electronics - Read more

Automating laboratory-on-a-chip to cut health-care costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Digital Microfluidic BioChip [23/06/2014] Computer programming language automates "laboratory-on-a-chip" technologies and has potential to improve and reduce cost of healthcare.Automating laboratory-on-a-chip to cut health-care costs - Read more

For cancer patients, new tool predicts financial pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Empty pockets [23/06/2014] Cancer care has a new side effect. Along with the distress that comes with a cancer diagnosis and the discomforts of treatment, more patients now have to deal with "financial toxicity," the expense, anxiety and loss of confidence confronting those who face large, unpredictable costs, often compounded by decreased ability to work.For cancer patients, new tool predicts financial pain - Read more

Hope for medical imaging? With light echoes, the invisible becomes visible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Images of a MRI [20/06/2014] Scientists at the University of Bonn and the University of British Columbia (Vancouver, Canada) have developed a novel camera system which can see around the corner without using a mirror. Using diffusely reflected light, it reconstructs the shape of objects outside of the field of view. Hope for medical imaging? With light echoes, the invisible becomes visible - Read more

Monitor for glaucoma: Sensor in eye could track pressure changes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the final device [20/06/2014] University of Washington engineers have designed a low-power sensor that could be placed permanently in a person’s eye to track hard-to-measure changes in eye pressure. The sensor would be embedded with an artificial lens during cataract surgery and would detect pressure changes instantaneously, then transmit the data wirelessly using radio frequency waves.Monitor for glaucoma: Sensor in eye could track pressure changes - Read more

Combining treatments boosts some smokers' ability to quit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hands breaking a cigarette [18/06/2014] Combining two smoking cessation therapies is more effective than using just one for male and highly nicotine-dependent smokers who weren't initially helped by the nicotine patch, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.Combining treatments boosts some smokers' ability to quit - Read more

Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bowel [18/06/2014] Fecal microbiota transplantation --- the process of delivering stool bacteria from a healthy donor to a patient suffering from intestinal infection with the bacterium Clostridium difficile --- works by restoring healthy bacteria and functioning to the recipient's gut, according to a study published this week.Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions - Read more

Blood product sterilization taken too far?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of blood [17/06/2014] Certain processes used to sterilize blood products could potentially cause serious health issues in transfusion recipients, according to an international study led by Dr. Patrick Provost of Université Laval's Faculty of Medicine and the CHU de Québec Research Center.Blood product sterilization taken too far? - Read more

Right rehabilitation lets paralyzed rats grip again

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Grasping sequence of rats in comparison [17/06/2014] After a large stroke, motor skills barely improve, even with rehabilitation. An experiment conducted on rats demonstrates that a course of therapy combining the stimulation of nerve fiber growth with drugs and motor training can be successful.Right rehabilitation lets paralyzed rats grip again - Read more

Caffeine affects boys and girls differently after puberty

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Different cups of coffee [16/06/2014] Caffeine intake by children and adolescents has been rising for decades, due in large part to the popularity of caffeinated sodas and energy drinks, which now are marketed to children as young as four. Despite this, there is little research on the effects of caffeine on young people. Caffeine affects boys and girls differently after puberty - Read more

Recreational soccer can treat type 2 diabetes patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older men playing soccer [16/06/2014] Studies show that 24 weeks of twice-weekly recreational soccer training sessions lower blood pressure and improves heart function in men with high blood pressure and men with type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, men with type 2 diabetes lost 12 percent of their abdominal fat and reduced their blood sugar 20 percent more than inactive control subjects.Recreational soccer can treat type 2 diabetes patients - Read more

Infant nutrition and development of type 1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man feeding an infant with a bottle [13/06/2014] Splitting the cow’s milk proteins in a formula does not prevent the start-up of the disease process of type 1 diabetes in predisposed children, shows a large international study. However, these results do not exclude the possibility that the early dietary modification may affect the latter phase in the disease process and so prevent the actual illness.Infant nutrition and development of type 1 diabetes - Read more

Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging low for most children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an infant and looking at X-rays [13/06/2014] Children with heart disease are exposed to low levels of radiation during X-rays, which do not significantly raise their lifetime cancer risk. However, children who undergo repeated complex imaging tests that deliver higher doses of radiation may have a slightly increased lifetime risk of cancer, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging low for most children - Read more

A paralyzed person to kick off the World Cup

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Gordon Cheng with CellulARSkin [12/06/2014] According to researchers in the Walk Again Project, all systems are go for a bold demonstration of neuroscience and cognitive technology in action: On June 12, during the opening of the FIFA 2014 World Cup in Brazil, a paralyzed person wearing a brain-controlled robotic exoskeleton is expected to make the first kick of the football championship.A paralyzed person to kick off the World Cup - Read more

How to make statewide health campaigns more effective

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Scales with a stethoscope [12/06/2014] Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found that adding evidence-based weight loss strategies to a statewide wellness campaign improves weight loss outcomes among participants.How to make statewide health campaigns more effective - Read more

Disinfection caps successful in CLABSI prevention

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand of a hospital patient with a central line [11/06/2014] Thanks to the simple use of an alcohol-impregnated cap, Loyola University Medical Center achieved a 68 percent decrease in the overall number of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) over a 12-month period.Disinfection caps successful in CLABSI prevention - Read more

Multiple sclerosis: new description and understanding

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A tablet showing the words [11/06/2014] Multiple sclerosis manifests itself in many different ways and different courses. A recent effort to fine-tune descriptions – or phenotypes – of MS was undertaken by an international team of leaders in MS research and clinical care.Multiple sclerosis: new description and understanding - Read more

Appeal of well-being applications often short-lived

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphone and three small meals [10/06/2014] According to a doctoral thesis by Kirsikka Kaipainen from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, online and mobile applications for stress management and healthy eating reach a large number of users but their appeal tends to be short-lived.Appeal of well-being applications often short-lived - Read more

Making artificial vision look more natural

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye overlaid with transparent images [10/06/2014] In laboratory tests, researchers have used electrical stimulation of retinal cells to produce the same patterns of activity that occur when the retina sees a moving object. Although more work remains, this is a step toward restoring natural, high-fidelity vision to blind people, the researchers say.Making artificial vision look more natural - Read more

Night owls may be more sedentary, less motivated to exercise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Owl at night [06/06/2014] A new study suggests that night owls are more sedentary and feel that they have a harder time maintaining an exercise schedule.Night owls may be more sedentary, less motivated to exercise - Read more

Researchers move small-molecule drugs through blood-brain barrier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Head made of jigsaws [06/06/2014] Researchers at Mayo Clinic have demonstrated in a mouse model that their recently developed synthetic peptide carrier is a potential delivery vehicle for brain cancer chemotherapy drugs and other neurological medications.Researchers move small-molecule drugs through blood-brain barrier - Read more

Relief to glaucoma patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [05/06/2014] Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and the Singapore Eye Research Institute (SERI) have jointly developed a new nanomedicine that will allow glaucoma patients to do away with daily eye drops.Relief to glaucoma patients - Read more

Saturated fat intake may influence a person's expression of genetic obesity risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Butter [05/06/2014] Limiting saturated fat could help people whose genetic make-up increases their chance of being obese. Saturated fat intake may influence a person's expression of genetic obesity risk - Read more

First European Study: How the environment and genetics impact our DNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Different histone modifications [04/06/2014] The impact of the environment on our genetic makeup has long been a topic of discussion. Now a European consortium (EURATRANS) headed by Professor Norbert Hübner of the Max Delbrück Center (MDC) has taken the opposite approach. First European Study: How the environment and genetics impact our DNA - Read more

Prototype electrolyte sensor to provide immediate read-outs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ronen Polsky holds a prototype of a microneedle fluidic chip device [04/06/2014] Patients trying to navigate today's complex medical system with its costly laboratory analyses might prefer a pain-free home diagnostic device, worn on the wrist, that can analyze, continuously record and immediately remedy low electrolyte levels. Prototype electrolyte sensor to provide immediate read-outs - Read more

Leptin influences brain cells that control appetite

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hamburger and french fries [03/06/2014] Twenty years after the hormone leptin was found to regulate metabolism, appetite, and weight through brain cells called neurons, Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that the hormone also acts on other types of cells to control appetite.Leptin influences brain cells that control appetite - Read more

Researchers discover hormone that controls supply of iron in red blood cell production

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microscopic image of erythroblasts [03/06/2014] A UCLA research team has discovered a new hormone called erythroferrone, which regulates the iron supply needed for red blood-cell production.Researchers discover hormone that controls supply of iron in red blood cell production - Read more

First 3D Model of a Synapse

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: 3D model of a synapse [02/06/2014] A glance into a new world for neuroscience: research team from Göttingen led by Prof. Dr. Silvio O. Rizzoli present the first scientifically accurate 3D model of a synapse. First 3D Model of a Synapse - Read more

Signglasses system opens the universe to deaf students

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man wearing signglasses [02/06/2014] Ordinarily, deaf students are left in the dark when they visit a planetarium. With the lights off, they can't see the ASL interpreter who narrates their tour of outer space. With the lights on, they can't see the constellations of stars projected overhead. That's why a group at Brigham Young University (BYU) launched the "Signglasses" project.Signglasses system opens the universe to deaf students - Read more

Better imaging tool for tracking MS

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Imaging the brain [30/05/2014] Imaging scientists at Western University's Robarts Research Institute have developed a better way to track the progression of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) from its earliest stages.Better imaging tool for tracking MS - Read more

Fighting cancer with dietary changes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman eating a salad [30/05/2014] Calorie restriction, a kind of dieting in which food intake is decreased by a certain percentage, has been touted as way to help people live longer. New research suggests that there may be other benefits, including improving outcomes for breast cancer in women. Fighting cancer with dietary changes - Read more

Combined approach to map atherosclerotic arteries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Micro tomography of arteries [28/05/2014] A new method allows calcified and constricted blood vessels to be visualized with micrometer precision, and can be used to design containers for targeted drug delivery.Combined approach to map atherosclerotic arteries - Read more

Identifying counterfeit medicines on the internet

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: White pills on top of green dollar bills [28/05/2014] Researchers at the University of Montreal have developed an improved chemical analysis method that is more efficient and faster in detecting counterfeit medicines, which have skyrocketed in recent years.Identifying counterfeit medicines on the internet - Read more

Kidney transplant patients live longer than those in hemodialysis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patients' arm and dialysis tube [27/05/2014] A first-ever study from a large Canadian centre found that kidney transplant recipients lived longer and had better treatment success than patients on intensive home hemodialysis, but also had an increased risk of being hospitalized within the first year.Kidney transplant patients live longer than those in hemodialysis - Read more

Measuring fine dust concentration via smartphone

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand holding smartphone, cars in the background [27/05/2014] Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) are developing a sensor that can be connected easily to smartphones. In the future, users are to take part in drawing up a pollution map via participatory sensing. The precision of the map will be the higher, the more people will take part.Measuring fine dust concentration via smartphone - Read more

8th COMPAMED Spring Convention - "Medical Technology To Go" - Trend Report

( Source: Preview of the leading trade fair for suppliers to the medical technology industry )

[26/05/2014] Solutions from the field of micro system engineering help to make faster, more flexible and smarter medical devices. 8th COMPAMED Spring Convention - "Medical Technology To Go" - Trend Report - Read more

Neurostimulation in the media and academic literature

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A skull with electrical plugs [26/05/2014] A new report by Institut de recherches cliniques de Montreal (IRCM) ethics experts raises important questions and concerns about transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Over the past several decades, neurostimulation techniques such as tDCS have gradually gained favor in the public eye.Neurostimulation in the media and academic literature - Read more

Streptococcal bacteria to fight colon cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Illustration of a colon tumor [26/05/2014] Researchers at Western University (London, Canada) have shown how the bacteria primarily responsible for causing strep throat can be used to fight colon cancer.Streptococcal bacteria to fight colon cancer - Read more

Genetic switching element in stem-cell research

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Illustration of a man cutting DNA with scissors [23/05/2014] Slight modifications in their genome sequences play a crucial role in the conversion of pluripotent stem cells into various differentiated cell types. A team at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich has now identified the factor responsible for one class of modification.Genetic switching element in stem-cell research - Read more

Novel optical brain scanner as alternative in imaging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two people show freedom of movement in the DOT [23/05/2014] Scientists have advanced a brain-scanning technology that tracks what the brain is doing by shining dozens of tiny LED lights on the head. This new generation of neuroimaging compares favorably to other approaches but avoids the radiation exposure and bulky magnets the others require.Novel optical brain scanner as alternative in imaging - Read more

Functional nerve cells from skin cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mature nerve cells generated from human cells [22/05/2014] A new method of generating mature nerve cells from skin cells could greatly enhance understanding of neurodegenerative diseases, and could accelerate the development of new drugs and stem cell-based regenerative medicine. Functional nerve cells from skin cells - Read more

Pulsed electrical fields destroy antibiotic-resistant bacteria infecting burn injuries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brown Mouse [22/05/2014] Application of a technology currently used to disinfect food products may help to get around one of the most challenging problems in medicine today, the proliferation of bacteria resistant to antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs. Pulsed electrical fields destroy antibiotic-resistant bacteria infecting burn injuries - Read more

Molecule linked to aggressive pancreatic cancer offers potential clinical advances

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The word cancer in red [21/05/2014] Mayo Clinic researchers say a new study provides key insights into the most aggressive form of pancreatic cancer, which is one of the deadliest human cancers.Molecule linked to aggressive pancreatic cancer offers potential clinical advances - Read more

Protein sharpens salmonella needle for attack

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Picture of tissue infected by salmonella [21/05/2014] A tiny nanoscale syringe is Salmonella’s weapon. Using this, the pathogen injects its molecular agents into the host cells and manipulates them to its own advantage.Protein sharpens salmonella needle for attack - Read more

World Multiple Sclerosis Day - 05/28/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Multiple Sclerosis Ribbon laid over a face [21/05/2014] “One day …” with these words a lot of wishes start that were voiced by people with MS. They are collected at the website of World MS Day 2014.World Multiple Sclerosis Day - 05/28/2014 - Read more

A better way to treat ACE inhibitor angioedema in the ED

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Emergency Department [20/05/2014] Investigators at the University of Cincinnati have found a safe and effective treatment for life-threatening angioedema attacks in the emergency department.A better way to treat ACE inhibitor angioedema in the ED - Read more

Understanding aspirin's effect on wound healing offers hope for treating chronic wounds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor treats a wound on an arm [20/05/2014] In addition to its known capacity to promote bleeding events, aspirin also inhibits wound healing. New research now describes how aspirin acts on key skin cells called keratinocytes, delaying skin repair at wound sites. A better understanding of this process offers hope for the development of drugs to encourage wounds to heal.Understanding aspirin's effect on wound healing offers hope for treating chronic wounds - Read more

Microchip-like technology allows single-cell analysis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microchip [19/05/2014] A U.S. and Korean research team has developed a chip-like device that could be scaled up to sort and store hundreds of thousands of individual living cells in a matter of minutes. The system is similar to a random access memory chip, but it moves cells rather than electrons. Microchip-like technology allows single-cell analysis - Read more

Neural Activity: High-speed imaging method captures entire brain activity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microlens array [19/05/2014] Researchers at the Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) and the Max F. Perutz Laboratories (MFPL) in Vienna, Austria, collaborated with scientists at the MIT to create an imaging system that reveals neural activity throughout the entire nervous system of living animals. Neural Activity: High-speed imaging method captures entire brain activity - Read more

Endocrine disruptors impair human sperm function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman buying bottled water [16/05/2014] Ultraviolet filters, preservatives, and plasticizers may be responsible for fertility problems: A plethora of endocrine-disrupting chemicals interfere with human sperm function in a way that may have a negative impact on fertilization.Endocrine disruptors impair human sperm function - Read more

Researchers find new molecule to treat asthma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman using asthma spray [16/05/2014] Study identifies a novel molecule that prevents the symptoms associated with allergen-induced asthma.Researchers find new molecule to treat asthma - Read more

Heart Disease: Aspirin or No Aspirin?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aspirin pills [15/05/2014] A study involving the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation shows that a simple test to measure plaque in the arteries of the heart may help doctors better determine who will and will not benefit from use of aspirin therapy to prevent heart disease.Heart Disease: Aspirin or No Aspirin? - Read more

Work: Fumes May Have Permanent Effect on Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Respiratory protection icon [15/05/2014] People who are exposed to paint, glue or degreaser fumes at work may experience memory and thinking problems in retirement, decades after their exposure, according to a recent study.Work: Fumes May Have Permanent Effect on Brain - Read more

Especially for Smokers: Early Menopause Ups Heart Failure Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sign reading Menopause [14/05/2014] Women who go through menopause early—at ages 40 to 45—have a higher rate of heart failure, according to a new study published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS). Smoking, current or past, raises the rate even more. Especially for Smokers: Early Menopause Ups Heart Failure Risk - Read more

Absorber Systems: Mechanically and Visually Perfect Seams

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man welds  textiles with a new device [14/05/2014] As part of the research project "Absorber systems for the laser welding of textiles", scientists at the Hohenstein Institute and the DWI Leibnitz Institute for Interactive Materials have developed new absorber systems for laser welding technical textiles in the infrared spectrum. The researchers have already used them to weld all kinds of different textile materials.Absorber Systems: Mechanically and Visually Perfect Seams - Read more

Hands: Human Microbiome More Diverse than Previously Thought

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand with compost [13/05/2014] Microbial samples taken from populations in the U.S. and Tanzania reveal that the microbiome of the human hand is more varied than previously thought, according to new research. The findings suggest that the microbiome varies depending on location and lifestyle.Hands: Human Microbiome More Diverse than Previously Thought - Read more

Neurology: Medical Marijuana to Treat Certain Brain Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Marijuana plants [13/05/2014] A review by the American Academy of Neurology on the use of medical marijuana in brain diseases finds certain forms of medical marijuana can help treat some symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), but do not appear to be helpful in treating drug-induced (levodopa) movements in Parkinson’s disease.Neurology: Medical Marijuana to Treat Certain Brain Diseases - Read more

Hypertension: Implantable Cuff with Electrodes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Implantable cuff, cent coin [12/05/2014] Freiburg researchers develop new method for lowering high blood pressure without side effects.Hypertension: Implantable Cuff with Electrodes - Read more

Diagnoses: Software to Design a Lab in Your Pocket

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood glucose testing [12/05/2014] To make diagnosis, physicians may take a sample of blood, send it to the lab and wait for results. In the near future, however, doctors may be able to run those tests almost instantly on a piece of plastic about the size of credit card.Diagnoses: Software to Design a Lab in Your Pocket - Read more

Study: Low-fat Diet Helps Fatigue in People with MS

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Basket with fruits [09/05/2014] People with multiple sclerosis (MS) who for one year followed a plant-based diet very low in saturated fat had much less MS-related fatigue at the end of that year — and significantly less fatigue than a control group of people with MS who didn't follow the diet, according to an Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) study.Study: Low-fat Diet Helps Fatigue in People with MS - Read more

Women: New Software Aids Breast Cancer Risk Assessment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pink grafics of women with breast cancer [09/05/2014] Researchers of the Universitat Politècnica de València, in collaboration with the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Institute of Health Carlos III, ISCIII, in Spanish) and the Foundation for the Health and Biomedical Research of the Comunitat Valenciana (Fisabio), have developed DMScan, new software to aid breast cancer risk assessment. Women: New Software Aids Breast Cancer Risk Assessment - Read more

Behavior: Ants Provide New Insight for Brain Research

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ant brain [08/05/2014] How does the absolute or relative size of the brain or of particular brain centers influence behavior? Researchers at the University of Würzburg’s Biocenter studied this question in leaf-cutting ants and obtained surprising results. Behavior: Ants Provide New Insight for Brain Research - Read more

Laboratory: Bone marrow-on-a-chip Unveiled

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Enigneered bone marrow [08/05/2014] The latest organ-on-a-chip from Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering reproduces the structure, functions and cellular make-up of bone marrow, a complex tissue that until now could only be studied intact in living animals.Laboratory: Bone marrow-on-a-chip Unveiled - Read more

New Method: Analyse How Cancer Cells Die

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A pencil eraser killing a red cell [07/05/2014] A team from The University of Manchester – part of the Manchester Cancer Research Centre - have found a new method to more efficiently manufacture a chemical used to monitor cancer cells. New Method: Analyse How Cancer Cells Die - Read more

Women: Researchers Identify Potential New Strategy to Treat Ovarian Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ovaries [07/05/2014] Scientists studying cancerous tumour tissues in a laboratory believe they have identified a potential new strategy to treat ovarian cancer – which affects around 7,000 women in the UK each year.Women: Researchers Identify Potential New Strategy to Treat Ovarian Cancer - Read more

Research Sees Overlap: Genes Altered in Schizophrenia, Autism, Intellectual Disability

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genes [06/05/2014] A multinational team of scientists presents new evidence supporting the theory that in at least some cases of schizophrenia, autism and intellectual disability (ID), malfunctions in some of the same genes are contributing to pathology. Research Sees Overlap: Genes Altered in Schizophrenia, Autism, Intellectual Disability - Read more

Skin Cancer: Successful Blockade

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [06/05/2014] Using a new active substance, scientists from the University Hospital of Würzburg have managed to stop the growth of skin cancer cells. Further tests are now required to see whether this inhibitor can be used in treatment and whether it also has a growth-inhibiting effect on the tumor cells of other types of cancer. Skin Cancer: Successful Blockade - Read more

Duration And Severity: Diabetes Associated With Brain Atrophy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman injects insulin [05/05/2014] Type 2 diabetes may be associated with brain degeneration, according to a new multicenter study. The study also found that, contrary to common clinical belief, diabetes may not be directly associated with small vessel ischemic disease, where the brain does not receive enough oxygenated blood.Duration And Severity: Diabetes Associated With Brain Atrophy - Read more

Immune Cells: Low Cholesterol Slows HIV Progression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aids Sign [05/05/2014] Scientists at the University of Pittsburgh have identified why some HIV-infected people experience much slower disease progression, even without medication, and it has to do with cholesterol levels in specific immune cells.Immune Cells: Low Cholesterol Slows HIV Progression - Read more

Wildlife: Increase in Rodent-borne Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Zebra [02/05/2014] Populations of large wildlife are declining around the world, while zoonotic diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans are on the rise.Wildlife: Increase in Rodent-borne Disease - Read more

Surgery: Patients Report High Satisfaction with Pain Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient having pain [02/05/2014] An international research group with members from the University of Basel, several EU countries, Israel and the USA, analyzed patient satisfaction with pain treatment after surgery.Surgery: Patients Report High Satisfaction with Pain Treatment - Read more

Infants: New Disease Gene for Early Infantile Epilepsy Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Structure of the HCN1 channel [30/04/2014] A severe form of epilepsy in infants is caused by hitherto unknown mutations of the HCN1 ion channel. The changes in the genetic material are de novo mutations, i. e. they are not present in the parents. This is reported by a German-French research team. Infants: New Disease Gene for Early Infantile Epilepsy Found - Read more

Women: Unemployment Common After Breast Cancer Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman who was dismissed [30/04/2014] Nearly one-third of breast cancer survivors who were working when they began treatment were unemployed four years later. Women who received chemotherapy were most affected, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.Women: Unemployment Common After Breast Cancer Treatment - Read more

Evolution: Development of HIV in North America

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: US flag and stethoscope [29/04/2014] A study tracing the evolution of HIV in North America involving researchers at Simon Fraser University has found evidence that the virus is slowly adapting over time to its human hosts. However, this change is so gradual that it is unlikely to have an impact on vaccine design.Evolution: Development of HIV in North America - Read more

Infections: Impact of Whooping Cough Vaccination Revealed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Coughing girl [29/04/2014] Comprehensive study shows effect of vaccination on spread and diversification of Bordetella pertussis.Infections: Impact of Whooping Cough Vaccination Revealed - Read more

Nutrition: Iron Consumption Can Increase Risk for Heart Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Red Meat [28/04/2014] A new study from the Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington has bolstered the link between red meat consumption and heart disease by finding a strong association between heme iron, found only in meat, and potentially deadly coronary heart disease.Nutrition: Iron Consumption Can Increase Risk for Heart Disease - Read more

Environment: Rural Microbes Could Boost City Dwellers' Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Harvest [28/04/2014] The greater prevalence of asthma, allergies and other chronic inflammatory disorders among people of lower socioeconomic status might be due in part to their reduced exposure to the microbes that thrive in rural environments, according to a new scientific paper.Environment: Rural Microbes Could Boost City Dwellers' Health - Read more

From 2015 on, MEDICA and COMPAMED with new dates from Monday to Thursday

( Source: Evenly filled and travel benefits to boot )

[09/04/2014] The world’s largest medical trade fair, MEDICA, and the leading international trade fair for suppliers of the medical technology industry, the COMPAMED, are always going to take place in November on the days running from Monday to Thursday from 2015 on and all days of the event are going to take place parallel to each other in Düsseldorf. From 2015 on, MEDICA and COMPAMED with new dates from Monday to Thursday - Read more