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Head injuries: Neurodegenerative disease in rugby union players

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Rugby Player [22/05/2015] A new article publishing online in the Quarterly Journal of Medicine has reported the first case showing an association between exposure to head injuries in rugby union players and an increased risk in neurodegenerative disease. Head injuries: Neurodegenerative disease in rugby union players - Read more

What happens when multiple sclerosis patients stop taking their medication?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Multiple Sclerosis awareness ribbon [22/05/2015] New research led by NYU Langone Medical Center examines what happens when a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) who is clinically stable stops taking their medication. The international, multi-site study found almost 40 percent of patients had some disease activity return when they stopped taking their meds.What happens when multiple sclerosis patients stop taking their medication? - Read more

Microclinics help keep Kenyan HIV patients in care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children on Mfangano Island [21/05/2015] A team led by researchers from UC San Francisco, Organic Health Response, and Microclinic International is reporting results of a study that showed significant benefits of microclinics -- an innovative intervention that mobilized rural Kenyan HIV patients' informal social networks to support their staying in care.Microclinics help keep Kenyan HIV patients in care - Read more

On film: Body's 'serial killers' destroying cancer cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Cytotoxic T cell [21/05/2015] A dramatic video has captured the behaviour of cytotoxic T cells - the body's 'serial killers' - as they hunt down and eliminate cancer cells before moving on to their next target.On film: Body's 'serial killers' destroying cancer cells - Read more

New risk factor for pregnancies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Premature born baby [20/05/2015] Women who were born preterm have a higher risk of giving birth to preterm children, according to a study, published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, from researchers of the CHU Sainte-Justine and the University of Montreal.New risk factor for pregnancies - Read more

Soft-tissue engineering for hard-working cartilage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cultured bone cells on a fiber scaffold [20/05/2015] Advance in 3-D printing could have broad applications: An international study points the way toward wider, more effective use of biocompatible materials in repairing human tissues. Focusing on the difficult case of restoring cartilage, which requires both flexibility and mechanical strength, the researchers investigated a new combination of 3-D printed microfiber scaffolding and hydrogels.Soft-tissue engineering for hard-working cartilage - Read more

Heart attack: Differences between women and men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Heart in the human body [19/05/2015] There is a statistically significant difference in how women and men are treated following a heart attack. These gender differences are reflected in the rate of risk factor control, which was lower in women, and in the rate of hospital readmission for a further heart attack, which was higher in women than in men. The conclusions are reported in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.Heart attack: Differences between women and men - Read more

Text messages can help boost teen birth control compliance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young girl holding a mobile [19/05/2015] Sending teen girls periodic text messages reminding them to follow through on their clinic appointments for periodic birth control injections can go a long way toward improving timing and adherence to contraception in an age group that is notoriously noncompliant, according to a small study from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.Text messages can help boost teen birth control compliance - Read more

Gel filled with nanosponges cleans up MRSA infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nanospongegel [18/05/2015] Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego developed a gel filled with toxin-absorbing nanosponges that could lead to an effective treatment for skin and wound infections caused by MRSA.Gel filled with nanosponges cleans up MRSA infections - Read more

Testosterone: More isn't always better

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Men running [18/05/2015] A study by UCSB anthropologists connects increased diabetes risk and higher levels of testosterone to prostate enlargement.Testosterone: More isn't always better - Read more

Dye could prevent infection during bone-repair surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An OR nurse directs a lamp [15/05/2015] A green dye that sticks to bone grafts becomes antimicrobial with the flick of a light switch and could help reduce the risk of infections during bone-reconstruction surgeries.Dye could prevent infection during bone-repair surgery - Read more

Test could identify resistant tuberculosis faster

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Display showing DNA analysis [15/05/2015] The time needed to genetically sequence the bacteria causing tuberculosis (Mtb) from patient samples has been reduced from weeks to days using a new technique developed by a UCL-led team. This could help health service providers to better treat disease, control transmission of this infection, and monitor outbreaks.Test could identify resistant tuberculosis faster - Read more

How cancer tricks the lymphatic system into spreading tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A trojan horse [13/05/2015] Swollen lymph nodes are often the earliest sign of metastatic spread of cancer cells. Now cancer researchers and immunologists at Sweden's Karolinska Institutet have discovered how cancer cells can infiltrate the lymphatic system by 'disguising' themselves as immune cells (white blood cells).How cancer tricks the lymphatic system into spreading tumors - Read more

Who benefits from a catheter - and who does not?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A bag for the collection of urine [13/05/2015] A new detailed guide gives doctors and nurses information to help decide which hospital patients may benefit from a urinary catheter - and which ones do not. That should help spare patients the pain, embarrassment, and potentially serious side effects that can come with having a catheter placed - which may bring more risk than benefit to the patient.Who benefits from a catheter - and who does not? - Read more

Faster skin biopsies without anesthesia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tiny skin wound is sewn up [12/05/2015] Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Institute for Health Research of the Hospital "Ramón y Cajal" (IRYCIS have patented a new device for performing skin biopsies. With this new tool a skin biopsy can be performed with fewer instruments and the length of the procedure is shortened from thirty minutes to less than five.Faster skin biopsies without anesthesia - Read more

Is diet or exercise the best way to reduce diabetes risk?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A runner ties his shoes next to a green smoothie [12/05/2015] Saint Louis University associate professor of nutrition and dietetics Edward Weiss, Ph.D, and colleagues found that, though people often think of the benefits from exercise, calorie restriction and weight loss as interchangeable, it appears that they may all offer distinct and cumulative benefits when it comes to managing Type 2 diabetes risk. Is diet or exercise the best way to reduce diabetes risk? - Read more

Hack of teleoperated surgical robot reveals security flaws

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgical robot moves rubber blocks on pegboard [11/05/2015] Teleoperated robots, which are controlled by a human who may be in another physical location, are expected to become more commonplace as the technology evolves. They are ideal for situations that are dangerous for people: fighting fires in chemical plants, diffusing explosive devices or extricating earthquake victims from collapsed buildings.Hack of teleoperated surgical robot reveals security flaws - Read more

Social network experiments to improve public health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Plastic human dolls representing a network [11/05/2015] In a novel experiment, researchers found that certain public health interventions work best when key "influencers" in a face-to-face social network are exposed to the program. What's surprising, they say, is that those key influencers are not the most socially connected people in the network.Social network experiments to improve public health - Read more

Fighting pathogenic bacteria with homing beacon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Alphamers attracting antibodies [08/05/2015] With the threat of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens growing, new ideas to treat infections are sorely needed. Researchers report preliminary success testing an entirely novel approach - tagging bacteria with a molecular "homing beacon" that attracts pre-existing antibodies to attack the pathogens. The study is published by the Journal of Molecular Medicine.Fighting pathogenic bacteria with homing beacon - Read more

Light in sight: Potential therapy for acquired blindness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: retina of a blind mouse [08/05/2015] Scientists from the Universities of Bern in Switzerland and Göttingen in Germany have succeeded in restoring vision to blind mice. They have developed a molecular light switch as a potential therapy for acquired blindness. Light in sight: Potential therapy for acquired blindness - Read more

Mobile phone microscope automates detection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Schematic of the CellScope Loa device [07/05/2015] A research team led by engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, has developed a new mobile phone microscope that uses video to automatically detect and quantify infection by parasitic worms in a drop of blood. This next generation of UC Berkeley's CellScope technology could help revive efforts to eradicate debilitating diseases in Africa. Mobile phone microscope automates detection - Read more

Researchers reverse bacterial resistance to antibiotics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor focusing a culture dish [07/05/2015] The rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a growing problem in the United States and the world. New findings by researchers in evolutionary biology and mathematics could help doctors better address the problem in a clinical setting. Researchers reverse bacterial resistance to antibiotics - Read more

How cardiac arrhythmias develop

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart alert on a cardiogram [06/05/2015] Cardiac arrhythmias affect a high proportion of the aging population. Mitochondria are the "powerhouses of the cells", and scientists in Cologne have now shown that even a few heart cells with reduced mitochondrial function are sufficient to trigger arrhythmias.How cardiac arrhythmias develop - Read more

Patient information speeds across the digital highway

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hands of doctor at the keyboard [06/05/2015] Trauma surgeons are able to send radiological images and findings from one hospital to another in the space of a few seconds – securely and in compliance with data protection laws. Well over 1,000 cross-sectional images are created during a whole-body computed tomography (CT) scan of a severely injured person.Patient information speeds across the digital highway - Read more

Clean care is safer care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Using sanitizer [05/05/2015] Right hand hygiene is one of the simplest, but also most important measures to protect yourself and others from dangerous infections. In hospitals, not only the patient but also medical and nursing staff are protected by hand hygiene.Clean care is safer care - Read more

Detecting skin cancer quickly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman controlling dermascanner on a display [05/05/2015] Melanoma is aggressive and life-threatening. If it is not detected early, the prospects of recovery drop. Screening is complicated, though. Together with several project partners, Fraunhofer researchers have developed an assistance system that helps dermatologists with diagnosis.Detecting skin cancer quickly - Read more

EHR may not improve outcomes in ischemic stroke patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Electronic health record sheet [05/05/2015] Electronic health records may be necessary for a more high-tech and transparent health care system, but hospitals with electronic health records for ischemic stroke patients did not demonstrate better quality of care or clinical outcomes for those patients when compared to similar hospitals without electronic health records. EHR may not improve outcomes in ischemic stroke patients - Read more

MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015: Medical Expertise Meets Technical Know-How

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Traing course participants in front of microskopes [05/05/2015] The connection between science and medical technology produces fascinating results that are of great benefit to patients. These results will be the focus of the MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE taking place November 16 to 19 in Düsseldorf, in parallel with MEDICA, the world´s largest trade fair for medical technology. MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015: Medical Expertise Meets Technical Know-How - Read more

Dementia: Screening older adults by telephone

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An older man talking on a mobile phone [04/05/2015] Nearly two-thirds of older adults were willing to undergo telephone screening for dementia, according to a new study from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research and the Regenstrief Institute. Willingness to be screened by phone did not differ by sex, age or race.Dementia: Screening older adults by telephone - Read more

Rapid method for typing of C. difficile could limit outbreaks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A petri dish with bacterial colonies [04/05/2015] The Public Health Agency of Sweden has developed a method of typing that can allow laboratories to faster establish the presence of hospital outbreaks of the intestinal bacterium Clostridium difficile.Rapid method for typing of C. difficile could limit outbreaks - Read more

Bioactive gel to treat knee injuries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The confocal image shows chondrogenic progenitor cells [30/04/2015] A University of Iowa orthopedics research team is working on a solution with hopes it will result in a minimally invasive, practical, and inexpensive approach for repairing cartilage and preventing osteoarthritis.Bioactive gel to treat knee injuries - Read more

High-tech textiles – more than just clothes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Special socks for diabetics [30/04/2015] High-tech textiles must fulfill a number of functions and meet many requirements. That is why the Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC dedicated some major developing work to this most intriguing research area.High-tech textiles – more than just clothes - Read more

Gastric band and weight management therapies offer similar benefits

Photo: Overweight family [29/04/2015] Clinical trial highlights effectiveness and tradeoffs of intensive treatments for people with type 2 diabetes who invest sufficient time and energy.Gastric band and weight management therapies offer similar benefits - Read more

New material for creating artificial blood vessels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood vessel with erythrocytes [29/04/2015] Blocked blood vessels can quickly become dangerous. It is often necessary to replace a blood vessel – either by another vessel taken from the body or even by artificial vascular prostheses. Together, Vienna University of Technology and Vienna Medical University have developed artificial blood vessels made from a special elastomer material, which has excellent mechanical properties.New material for creating artificial blood vessels - Read more

How to short circuit hunger

Photo: Person with measuring tape [28/04/2015] Anyone who has ever tried to lose weight knows that it's no fun to feel hungry. In fact, the drive to tame gnawing hunger pangs can sabotage even the best-intentioned dieter. But how exactly is it that fasting creates these uncomfortable feelings - and consuming food takes them away? How to short circuit hunger - Read more

Team discovers new mechanism behind malaria progression

Graphic: Electron microscope image [28/04/2015] A team of researchers from four universities has pinpointed one of the mechanisms responsible for the progression of malaria, providing a new target for possible treatments.Team discovers new mechanism behind malaria progression - Read more

Liver: Pocket-sized ultrasound device reduces need for further testing

Graphic: Liver [27/04/2015] Results from a study presented at The International Liver Congress 2015 demonstrate that the use of a pocket-sized ultrasound device (PUD) helps to reduce the need for further testing in both the inpatient and outpatient setting. Liver: Pocket-sized ultrasound device reduces need for further testing - Read more

Scientists develop first liquid nanolaser

Photo: Two people look at a laser point [27/04/2015] Northwestern University scientists have developed the first liquid nanoscale laser. And it's tunable in real time, meaning you can quickly and simply produce different colors, a unique and useful feature. The laser technology could lead to practical applications, such as a new form of a "lab on a chip" for medical diagnostics.Scientists develop first liquid nanolaser - Read more

Cloth masks - dangerous to your health?

Photo: A japanes man wearing a surgical mask [24/04/2015] The widespread use of cloth masks by healthcare workers may actually put them at increased risk of respiratory illness and viral infections and their global use should be discouraged, according to a University of New South Wales (UNSW) study.Cloth masks - dangerous to your health? - Read more

Diabetes: Nanotech-enabled moisturizer speeds wound healing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A pot of ointment next to a healed wound [24/04/2015] A new high-tech but simple ointment applied to the skin may one day help diabetic patients heal stubborn and painful ulcers on their feet, Northwestern University researchers report.Diabetes: Nanotech-enabled moisturizer speeds wound healing - Read more

A recipe for long-lasting livers

Graphic: Model of human body with liver highlighted [23/04/2015] People waiting for organ transplants may soon have higher hopes of getting the help that they need in time. Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology have developed a new technique that extends the time that donor organs last and can also resuscitate organs obtained after cardiac arrest.A recipe for long-lasting livers - Read more

No consistent standards in children's hospital environments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A colorfully painted hospital room for children [23/04/2015] The sound, light and temperature levels in pediatric hospital wards often vary, highlighting the lack of consistent environmental standards, according to a new study.No consistent standards in children's hospital environments - Read more

Blindness: Technology may improve management of leading causes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [22/04/2015] A new research demonstrates that technology invented by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University's Casey Eye Institute can improve the clinical management of the leading causes of blindness. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography could largely replace current dye-based angiography in the management of these diseases.Blindness: Technology may improve management of leading causes - Read more

Breast tumor: Metastasis risk linked by molecule's movement

Photo: Microscope image [22/04/2015] Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have discovered a molecular mechanism that connects breast tissue stiffness to tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. The study may inspire new approaches to predicting patient outcomes and halting tumor metastasis.Breast tumor: Metastasis risk linked by molecule's movement - Read more

Chemobrain: Cancer diagnosis affects cognitive function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman leans against a wall, tired [21/04/2015] Breast cancer patients often display mild cognitive defects even before the initiation of chemotherapy. A new study by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) in Munich researchers now attributes the syndrome to post-traumatic stress induced by diagnosis of the disease.Chemobrain: Cancer diagnosis affects cognitive function - Read more

Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics?

Photo: A green maple leaf [21/04/2015] A concentrated extract of maple syrup makes disease-causing bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics, according to laboratory experiments by researchers at McGill University.Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics? - Read more

More people discuss end-of-life wishes with loved ones

Photo: Older couple, the woman cares for the man [20/04/2015] Discussing end-of-life wishes with loved ones can be difficult, but new research from the University of Missouri shows more individuals are engaging in advance care planning. Advance care planning includes discussing end-of-life care preferences, providing written end-of-life care instructions and appointing a durable power of attorney for health care.More people discuss end-of-life wishes with loved ones - Read more

New treatment for Barrett's oesophagus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The shape of a stomach cut out of flames [20/04/2015] New research from the University of Warwick and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW) NHS Trust could transform treatments and diagnosis for a common digestive condition which affects thousands of patients.New treatment for Barrett's oesophagus - Read more

Autoimmune process causes rejection of secondary corneal transplants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A blue eye [17/04/2015] UT Southwestern Medical Center ophthalmologists have identified an important cause of why secondary corneal transplants are rejected at triple the rate of first-time corneal transplants.Autoimmune process causes rejection of secondary corneal transplants - Read more

Tango dancing benefits Parkinson's patients

Photo: A couple dancing tango [17/04/2015] Dancing the Argentine tango could have potential benefits for people at certain stages in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), according to findings in a new study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital - The Neuro, McGill University and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre.Tango dancing benefits Parkinson's patients - Read more

Does eating out cause high blood pressure?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A large burger served with potato wedges [16/04/2015] A recent study on university-going young adults, by researchers from the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore (Duke-NUS), is the first ever to show an association between meals eaten away from home and high blood pressure.Does eating out cause high blood pressure? - Read more

Stronger muscles make bone development healthier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A girl dressed up as superhero lifts weights [16/04/2015] Scientists at the University of Southampton have shown that higher muscle mass is strongly linked with healthier bone development in children. Researchers also found no relationship between fat mass and bone development, indicating it is not an important factor in childhood skeletal strength.Stronger muscles make bone development healthier - Read more

European Immunization Week – April 20-25, 2015

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccine [15/04/2015] There is still no vaccine against HIV. But there is one against measles and rubella. The diseases could still not be eradicated in the world regardless. Therefore, the World Health Organization WHO calls regularly to vaccinate children against these highly contagious diseases.European Immunization Week – April 20-25, 2015 - Read more

Heart attack: High risk in divorced women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman holding her breast [15/04/2015] Divorced women suffer heart attacks at higher rates than women who are continuously married, a new study from Duke Medicine has found. A woman who has been through two or more divorces is nearly twice as likely to have a heart attack when compared to their stably-married female peers, according to the findings.Heart attack: High risk in divorced women - Read more

Heart cells regenerated in mice

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart cells [15/04/2015] As opposed to blood, hair or skin cells that can renew themselves throughout life, our heart cells cease to divide shortly after birth, and there is very little renewal in adulthood. New research provides insight into the question of why the mammalian heart fails to regenerate, on one hand, and demonstrated, in adult mice, the possibility of turning back this fate.Heart cells regenerated in mice - Read more

Mental rehearsal helps prepare for trauma patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Flow chart showing 4 steps of action [14/04/2015] In the same way athletes mentally visualize races long before lacing up, doctors and other members of trauma resuscitation teams should map out mental blueprints, and then communicate their strategy to all team members involved in caring for patients, a new study suggests.Mental rehearsal helps prepare for trauma patients - Read more

Spinal surgery: Right on target

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray of the spine with marked vertebrae [14/04/2015] Because the spine is made up of repeating elements that look alike, surgeons can mistakenly operate on the wrong vertebra. To avoid this, Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a software program that works seamlessly with currently available procedures to assist a surgeon's determination of which vertebra is which.Spinal surgery: Right on target - Read more

MIPT researchers grow cardiac tissue on 'spider silk' substrate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: green fluorescent heart tissue cells [13/04/2015] Genetically engineered fibers of the protein spidroin, which is the construction material for spider webs, has proven to be a perfect substrate for cultivating heart tissue cells, MIPT researchers found. They discuss their findings in an article that has recently come out in the journal PLOS ONE. MIPT researchers grow cardiac tissue on 'spider silk' substrate - Read more

New guidance on contact precautions for hospital visitors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Washing hands under a valve [13/04/2015] Leading infectious diseases experts have released new guidance for healthcare facilities looking to establish precautions for visitors of patients with infectious diseases. The guidance looks to reduce the potential for healthcare visitors in spreading dangerous bacteria within the healthcare facility and community.New guidance on contact precautions for hospital visitors - Read more

Cardiac arrest: Selenide protects heart muscle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart model [10/04/2015] Damage to heart muscle from insufficient blood supply during cardiac arrest and reperfusion injury after blood flow is restored can be reduced by nearly 90 percent if selenide, a form of the essential nutrient selenium, is administered intravenously in the wake of the attack, according to a new preclinical study by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.Cardiac arrest: Selenide protects heart muscle - Read more

Multiple sclerosis: A riddle of the blood-brain barrier solved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Loop with a script Multiple Sclerosis [10/04/2015] The creation and progression of multiple sclerosis present scientists with many riddles. Now researchers from the universities of Würzburg and Amsterdam have succeeded in resolving an apparent contradiction in the findings to date. Their work will contribute to a better understanding of the impact of treatments at the so-called blood-brain barrier.Multiple sclerosis: A riddle of the blood-brain barrier solved - Read more

Fighting HIV with antibodies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ampoule with medication [09/04/2015] An international team of scientists has now tested a new generation of antibodies in humans for the first time. They have demonstrated that these broadly neutralising antibodies significantly reduce the number of human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) in infected patients’ blood.Fighting HIV with antibodies - Read more

Low-frequency magnetic fields and development of Alzheimer's disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microscope image [09/04/2015] Low-frequency alternating magnetic fields such as those generated by overhead power lines are considered a potential health risk because epidemiological studies indicate that they may aggravate, among other things, neurodegenerative disorders. However, a recent study has produced no evidence that these fields can cause exacerbation or accelerated disease development in relevant mouse models.Low-frequency magnetic fields and development of Alzheimer's disease - Read more

Novel tissue substitute made of high-tech fibers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: High-tech fibrous material [08/04/2015] Regenerative medicine uses cells harvested from the patient’s own body to heal damaged tissue. Fraunhofer researchers have developed a cell-free substrate containing proteins to which autologous cells bind and grow only after implantation.Novel tissue substitute made of high-tech fibers - Read more

Synchronization of the womb's clock with mother's body clock

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnant woman on a sofa [08/04/2015] If you are trying to have a baby, a good night's sleep is more important than ever. A new research report appearing in The FASEB Journal shows that the womb has its own "body clock" that needs to synchronize with the mother's body clock to ensure optimal conditions for fetal growth and development. Synchronization of the womb's clock with mother's body clock - Read more

Computer model: How our livers will store fat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Liver [07/04/2015] Computer model developed to predict how 'T09' causes the liver to store fat could be used to predict liver fat storage for other drugs and conditions.Computer model: How our livers will store fat - Read more

Vaccine activates the immune system response against Ebola

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ebola [07/04/2015] The initial results of a clinical Phase I trial of a potential vaccine against the dreaded Ebola virus are now available at the Hamburg-Eppendorf University Medical Center (UKE). As this trial was being conducted, scientists in Geneva (Switzerland), Lambaréne (Gabon), and Kilifi (Kenya) were also testing the “rVSV-ZEBOV” vaccine on a total of 158 healthy adult volunteers.Vaccine activates the immune system response against Ebola - Read more

Combining magnetism and light to fight cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two tumor samples in comparison [02/04/2015] By combining magnetic nanoparticles and photosensitizers that are simultaneously and remotely activated by external physical stimuli (a magnetic field and light), scientists at the Laboratoire Matière et Systèmes Complexes (CNRS/Université Paris Diderot) and the Laboratoire Physicochimie des Electrolytes et Nanosystèmes Interfaciaux (CNRS/UPMC), obtained total tumor regression in mice.Combining magnetism and light to fight cancer - Read more

Nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels guide 3-D neural structure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blue nerve cells with red nuclei [02/04/2015] Damage to neural tissue is typically permanent and causes lasting disability in patients, but a new approach has recently been discovered that holds incredible potential to reconstruct neural tissue at high resolution in three dimensions.Nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels guide 3-D neural structure - Read more

Diagnosing infectious diseases at the point-of-care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The LabDisc device from the DISCOGNOSIS project [01/04/2015] A new "lab-on-a-disc" technology developed by an EU project research team can diagnose malaria and other febrile infectious diseases simultaneously in just an hour - allowing faster point-of-care treatment and precise drugs administration that could save thousands of lives.Diagnosing infectious diseases at the point-of-care - Read more

Mountain rescue: Can resuscitation be delayed?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An evac helicopter lands in a skiing area [01/04/2015] A team of researchers lays the foundation for new resuscitation guidelines for severely hypothermic patients in cardiac arrest.Mountain rescue: Can resuscitation be delayed? - Read more

Lessons to be learned from Ebola epidemic

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman using hand desinfectant [31/03/2015] While the international response to the Ebola epidemic that started in early 2014 included unprecedented measures that appeared to be gaining control of the outbreak by the end of the year, the past year has also revealed critical weaknesses in the global public health system.Lessons to be learned from Ebola epidemic - Read more

No benefit through health information exchange?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tablet showing the word [31/03/2015] Health information exchanges are supposed to improve the speed, quality, safety and cost of patient care, but there is little evidence of that in existing health information exchange benefit studies.No benefit through health information exchange? - Read more

Causes of hospital readmissions after joint replacements

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray image of a knee joint [30/03/2015] A new study from researchers at NYU Langone's Hospital for Joint Diseases identifies common causes of hospital readmissions following total hip and knee arthoplasty procedures. By finding these common causes, researchers believe quality can be increased and hospital costs decreased.Causes of hospital readmissions after joint replacements - Read more

Why drug for type II diabetes makes people fat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring tape and pills [30/03/2015] Medication used to treat patients with type II diabetes activates sensors on brain cells that increase hunger, causing people taking this drug to gain more body fat, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Oregon Health and Science University, Georgia Regents University and Charlie Norwood Veterans Administration Medical Center.Why drug for type II diabetes makes people fat - Read more

Crossing fingers can reduce feelings of pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with fingers crossed [27/03/2015] How you feel pain is affected by where sources of pain are in relation to each other, and so crossing your fingers can change what you feel on a single finger, finds new University College London (UCL) research.Crossing fingers can reduce feelings of pain - Read more

When clocks are set forward, life satisfaction declines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Clock with roman numeral [27/03/2015] According to a recent study based on data from the SOEP and the UK study Understanding Society, people’s life satisfaction declines when they lose an hour to daylight savings time.When clocks are set forward, life satisfaction declines - Read more

Good bone, bad bone

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: OsteoProbe indentation tool [26/03/2015] For people taking glucocorticoids such as prednisone, the increased risk of bone fracture is a well-documented side effect. Used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including autoimmune diseases and allergies, glucocorticoids are known to cause rapid deterioration in bone strength. Scientists explore a new parameter of bone quality that measures strength instead of density.Good bone, bad bone - Read more

Improving communication for better patient care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor talking to patient lying in hospital bed [26/03/2015] Coordinating patient care between hospital clinicians and primary-care physicians is a significant challenge due to poor communication and gaps in information-sharing strategies, according to a study led by physicians at the School of Medicine of the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.Improving communication for better patient care - Read more

Scientists coax stem cells to form 3-D mini lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung organoid [25/03/2015] Scientists have coaxed stem cells to grow the first three-dimensional mini lungs. Previous research has focused on deriving lung tissue from flat cell systems or growing cells onto scaffolds made from donated organs. Scientists coax stem cells to form 3-D mini lungs - Read more

Tuberculosis research takes off

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tuberculosis bacterium in green and orange [25/03/2015] For 80 years there was essentially a lull in tuberculosis research. Indeed, the last scientific breakthrough in 1921, the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine, still forms the central pillar of tuberculosis prevention. Now, scientists call for a global strategy for the development of new tuberculosis vaccines.Tuberculosis research takes off - Read more

MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015 sheds light on the future of surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/03/2015] Medical technological systems that require medical expertise and technological know-how to be closely linked will be the primary focus at the MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE, the informational platform for medicine and medical technology. MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015 sheds light on the future of surgery - Read more

Microtechnology industry more eager to invest

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Diagram of development in European microtechnology industry [24/03/2015] The European microtechnology industry has recently been more eager to invest than in previous years. In the annual economic data survey, which the IVAM Microtechnology Network has conducted in February 2015, almost a third of the participating companies stated that they have invested more in 2014 than in the year before. Microtechnology industry more eager to invest - Read more

Patients want more information about medical imaging risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor holding MRI image [24/03/2015] A substantial gap exists between patient expectations and current practices for providing information about medical imaging tests that use radiation, according to a new study published online in the journal Radiology. Researchers said the findings highlight a need for better communication as medicine enters an era of patient-centered care.Patients want more information about medical imaging risk - Read more

'Missing culprit' in heart failure identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Presure compared [23/03/2015] Working with lab animals and human heart cells, scientists from Johns Hopkins and other institutions have identified what they describe as "the long-sought culprit" in the mystery behind a cell-signaling breakdown that triggers heart failure.'Missing culprit' in heart failure identified - Read more

Strengthening the immune system’s fight against brain cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Model of cancer cell [23/03/2015] When cancer strikes, it may be possible for patients to fight back with their own defenses, using a strategy known as immunotherapy. According to a new study published in Nature, researchers have found a way to enhance the effects of this therapeutic approach in glioblastoma, a deadly type of brain cancer, and possibly improve patient outcomes.Strengthening the immune system’s fight against brain cancer - Read more

Life-saving treatments learned from war being missed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sad looking old man [20/03/2015] Trauma is responsible for more global deaths annually than HIV, malaria and tuberculosis combined. Yet healthcare systems in many countries are missing out on life-saving treatments learnt on the battlefield, according to a review by King's College London and published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Life-saving treatments learned from war being missed - Read more

Trapping malaria mosquito mums before they lay eggs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mosquito [20/03/2015] In a world first, researchers have found that a naturally occurring chemical attracts pregnant malaria-transmitting mosquitoes - a discovery which could boost malaria control efforts. Trapping malaria mosquito mums before they lay eggs - Read more

New microarray-based tool offers potential to provide fast, reliable assessment of vaginal health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Uterus [19/03/2015] A new microarray-based tool, called VaginArray, offers the potential to provide a fast, reliable and low-cost assessment of vaginal health and diagnoses of infections. The research is published ahead of print March 2, in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.New microarray-based tool offers potential to provide fast, reliable assessment of vaginal health - Read more

Researchers show how fatty acids can fight prostate cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Omega 3 [19/03/2015] Washington State University researchers have found a mechanism by which omega-3 fatty acids inhibit the growth and spread of prostate cancer cells. The findings, which are at odds with a 2013 study asserting that omega-3s increase the risk of prostate cancer, point the way to more effective anti-cancer drugs. Researchers show how fatty acids can fight prostate cancer - Read more

'Smart bandage' detects bedsores before they are visible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smart bandage [18/03/2015] Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, are developing a new type of bandage. Thanks to advances in flexible electronics, the researchers have created a new "smart bandage" that uses electrical currents to detect early tissue damage from pressure ulcers, or bedsores, before they can be seen by human eyes - and while recovery is still possible. 'Smart bandage' detects bedsores before they are visible - Read more

Does my App look big in this?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman holding a tablet [17/03/2015] The joint European Forum for Good Clinical Practice (EFGCP) and MedTech Europe Working Party announced the launch of its Workshop Report and resulting “Roadmap for Medical Device Development in Europe.” Does my App look big in this? - Read more

Life-threatening illnesses: Old blood as good as fresh blood

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood bag [17/03/2015] Just like milk and many other foods, blood used for transfusions is perishable. But contrary to popular belief, new research shows that blood stored for three weeks is just as good as fresh blood - findings published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.Life-threatening illnesses: Old blood as good as fresh blood - Read more

Neurons: Regeneration in a hostile environment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cross section of rat spinal cord [16/03/2015] Damage to the spinal cord rarely heals because the injured nerve cells fail to regenerate. The regrowth of their long nerve fibers is hindered by scar tissue and molecular processes inside the nerves. An international team of researchers now reports that help might be on the way from an unexpected quarter.Neurons: Regeneration in a hostile environment - Read more

New antibody therapy improves psoriasis symptoms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A sample from one psoriasis patient [16/03/2015] Only a single treatment produced what researchers describe as 'rapid, substantial, and durable clinical improvement'.New antibody therapy improves psoriasis symptoms - Read more

MRSA can linger in homes, spreading among its inhabitants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand holding a petri dish with bacterial cultures [13/03/2015] Households can serve as a reservoir for transmitting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).MRSA can linger in homes, spreading among its inhabitants - Read more

UK regulation of total hip replacement devices

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The ball segment of a hip replacement device [13/03/2015] A new study from the University of Warwick is calling for more UK compulsory regulation of devices used in hip replacements to reduce the need for further traumatic and expensive surgery.UK regulation of total hip replacement devices - Read more

How tablets and smartphones strain joints and muscles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man wearing a black suit with red light dots [12/03/2015] Spending hours on a computer or sending lots of text messages on a mobile phone can result in a stiff neck and sometimes even a strained thumb. Computer scientists in Saarbrücken have developed a procedure that simulates in a lifelike manner which muscles and joints are put under particular strain when using IT devices.How tablets and smartphones strain joints and muscles - Read more

Is Alzheimer's an autoimmune disease?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two male scientists working in a lab [12/03/2015] Brain levels of the lipid ceramide are high in Alzheimer's disease, and now scientists have found increased levels of an antibody to the lipid in their disease model.Is Alzheimer's an autoimmune disease? - Read more

Cellular scissors chop up HIV virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A group of 7 researchers in a lab [11/03/2015] Imagine a single drug that could prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, treat patients who have already contracted HIV, and even remove all the dormant copies of the virus from those with the more advanced disease.Cellular scissors chop up HIV virus - Read more

Three things that may reduce male fertility

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man taking pills while working [11/03/2015] Working in a physically demanding job, having high blood pressure, and taking multiple medications are among health risks that may undermine a man's fertility, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and Stanford University, Stanford, California.Three things that may reduce male fertility - Read more

Twitter predicts health insurance marketplace enrollment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A hash under the magnifying glass [10/03/2015] An increase in Twitter sentiment (the positivity or negativity of tweets) is associated with an increase in state-level enrollment in the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) health insurance marketplaces. This points to use of the social media platform as a real-time gauge of public opinion and provides a way for marketplaces to quickly identify enrollment changes and emerging issues.Twitter predicts health insurance marketplace enrollment - Read more

Vaccine skeptics not swayed by emotional scare tactics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman sceptically looks at syringe [10/03/2015] On the heels of a nationwide measles outbreak comes a report that campaigns aimed at scaring people about the consequences of non-vaccination might not be as effective as many think.Vaccine skeptics not swayed by emotional scare tactics - Read more

EDCs: annual costs exceed €150 billion

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A lot of blue plastic bottles [09/03/2015] A new economic analysis found exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) likely costs the European Union €157 billion ($209 billion) a year in actual health care expenses and lost earning potential.EDCs: annual costs exceed €150 billion - Read more

Higher tumor rates by exposure to electromagnetic fields

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Puzzled woman stares at her mobile phone [09/03/2015] Electromagnetic fields stimulate the growth of tumors in mice. This is the result of a new study by researchers from Jacobs University in Bremen, Germany, which was commissioned by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection.Higher tumor rates by exposure to electromagnetic fields - Read more

Biomarker for steatohepatitis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The liver in human body [06/03/2015] 40 percent of people in the EU suffer from non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a disease which is becoming increasingly more frequent as a result of diabetes and excess weight. Currently, it is not possible to forecast the further course of the disease – right up to cirrhosis and cancer of the liver. In future, this should become possible using a Risk Score with different biomarkers.Biomarker for steatohepatitis - Read more

Protein booster may lead to better DNA vaccines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A syringe is filled with a vaccine [06/03/2015] Scientists have discovered a new way to manipulate how cells function, a finding that might help advance an experimental approach to improving public health: DNA vaccines, which could be more efficient, less expensive and easier to store than traditional vaccines.Protein booster may lead to better DNA vaccines - Read more

Breakthrough discovery in cancer treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Michail Sitkovsky and a colleague in his lab [05/03/2015] Michail Sitkovsky, an immunophysiology expert at Northeastern University, and his research colleagues have made a breakthrough discovery in cancer treatment. The new approach, some 30 years in the making, could dramatically increase the survival rate of patients with cancer, which kills some 8 million people each year.Breakthrough discovery in cancer treatment - Read more

Giant virus revealed in 3-D using X-ray laser

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Computerized view of a Mimivirus [05/03/2015] For the first time, researchers have produced a 3-D image revealing part of the inner structure of an intact, infectious virus, using a unique X-ray laser at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The virus, called Mimivirus, is in a curious class of “giant viruses” discovered just over a decade ago.Giant virus revealed in 3-D using X-ray laser - Read more

How much overdetection is acceptable in cancer screening?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman is going to be scanned in MRI [04/03/2015] People have highly variable views on how much overdetection is acceptable in cancer screening, finds a UK survey. The authors say invitations for screening "should include clear information on the likelihood and consequences of overdetection to allow people to make an informed choice."How much overdetection is acceptable in cancer screening? - Read more

Rhodopsin on track – Biological pigment aligns in double rows

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Cut stack of discs from a mouse rod photoreceptor [04/03/2015] Scientists from the caesar research center, an Institute of the Max Planck Society, have explained, with the help of electron microscopy, how the pigment rhodopsin is arranged in the rod cells of the retina. This question has long been subject of a heated scientific debate. Rhodopsin on track – Biological pigment aligns in double rows - Read more

Care model enhances recovery of ICU survivors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man lying in bed at ICU [03/03/2015] The Critical Care Recovery Center care model - the nation's first collaborative care concept focusing on the extensive cognitive, physical and psychological recovery needs of intensive care unit survivors - decreases the likelihood of serious illness after discharge from an ICU.Care model enhances recovery of ICU survivors - Read more

New nanodevice defeats drug resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nanodevice, consisting of a hydrogel [03/03/2015] Chemotherapy often shrinks tumors at first, but as cancer cells become resistant to drug treatment, tumors can grow back. A new nanodevice developed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers can help overcome that by first blocking the gene that confers drug resistance, then launching a new chemotherapy attack against the disarmed tumors.New nanodevice defeats drug resistance - Read more

3-D printing offers method to deliver medication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: 3-D printer prints an object that looks like a flower [02/03/2015] 3-D printing could become a powerful tool in customizing interventional radiology treatments to individual patient needs, with clinicians having the ability to construct devices to a specific size and shape. That's according to a study being presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology's Annual Scientific Meeting. 3-D printing offers method to deliver medication - Read more

Ultrasensitive test for peanut allergies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: a pile of peanuts [02/03/2015] With an estimated three million people in the United States allergic to peanuts and tree nuts, having a more precise and reliable allergy test could prevent hospitalizations and allow for better monitoring of individuals suffering from peanut allergies.Ultrasensitive test for peanut allergies - Read more

Do long sleepers have an increased risk of stroke?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sleeping woman [27/02/2015] People who sleep more than eight hours a night may have an increased risk of stroke, according to a new study published in the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Do long sleepers have an increased risk of stroke? - Read more

Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D may control brain serotonin

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tablet with the formula of serotonin [27/02/2015] Although essential marine omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D have been shown to improve cognitive function and behavior in the context of certain brain disorders, the underlying mechanism has been unclear. In a new paper serotonin is explained as the missing link tying together why vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids might ameliorate the symptoms associated with a broad array of brain disorders.Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D may control brain serotonin - Read more

Cutting-edge technology optimizes cancer therapy with nanomedicine drug combinations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Schematic of a combination therapy [26/02/2015] UCLA bioengineers develop platform that offers personalized approach to cancer treatment. Cutting-edge technology optimizes cancer therapy with nanomedicine drug combinations - Read more

Scientists grow leg muscle from cells in a dish

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man in laboratory [26/02/2015] A team of researchers from Italy, Israel and the United Kingdom has succeeded in generating mature, functional skeletal muscles in mice using a new approach for tissue engineering.Scientists grow leg muscle from cells in a dish - Read more

Evolutionary approach reveals clues toward understanding the roots of schizophrenia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Pencil erases a signed gene [25/02/2015] In a new study appearing in Molecular Biology and Evolution, Mount Sinai researcher Joel Dudley has led a new study that suggests that the very changes specific to human evolution may have come at a cost, contributing to the genetic architecture underlying schizophrenia traits in modern humans. Evolutionary approach reveals clues toward understanding the roots of schizophrenia - Read more

Vitamin D deficiency linked more closely to diabetes than obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman sitting in the sun [25/02/2015] People who have low levels of vitamin D are more likely to have diabetes, regardless of how much they weigh, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.Vitamin D deficiency linked more closely to diabetes than obesity - Read more

Bio-inspired robotic sock promotes blood circulation and prevents blood clots in legs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient with robotic sock [24/02/2015] Patients who are bedridden or unable to move their legs are often at risk of developing Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), a potentially life-threatening condition caused by blood clots forming along the lower extremity veins of the legs. A team of researchers has invented a novel sock that can help prevent DVT and improve survival rates of patients.Bio-inspired robotic sock promotes blood circulation and prevents blood clots in legs - Read more

Quick test for Ebola

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ebola [24/02/2015] Simple paper strip can diagnose Ebola and other fevers within 10 minutes.Quick test for Ebola - Read more

Reducing energy efficiency boosts calorie burning in muscle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Colorized infrared images of mice after performing low-intensity exercise on a treadmill [23/02/2015] Injection that makes muscles less energy efficient may have potential as weight-loss therapy to treat obesity.Reducing energy efficiency boosts calorie burning in muscle - Read more

Teens increasingly sleep deprived

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sleeping teenage girl [23/02/2015] Sufficient sleep is critical for adolescent health, yet the number of hours slept per night has decreased among teenagers in the United States over the last 20 years. Teens increasingly sleep deprived - Read more

 
 

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