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Liver: Pocket-sized ultrasound device reduces need for further testing

Graphic: Liver [27/04/2015] Results from a study presented at The International Liver Congress 2015 demonstrate that the use of a pocket-sized ultrasound device (PUD) helps to reduce the need for further testing in both the inpatient and outpatient setting. Liver: Pocket-sized ultrasound device reduces need for further testing - Read more

Scientists develop first liquid nanolaser

Photo: Two people look at a laser point [27/04/2015] Northwestern University scientists have developed the first liquid nanoscale laser. And it's tunable in real time, meaning you can quickly and simply produce different colors, a unique and useful feature. The laser technology could lead to practical applications, such as a new form of a "lab on a chip" for medical diagnostics.Scientists develop first liquid nanolaser - Read more

Cloth masks - dangerous to your health?

Photo: A japanes man wearing a surgical mask [24/04/2015] The widespread use of cloth masks by healthcare workers may actually put them at increased risk of respiratory illness and viral infections and their global use should be discouraged, according to a University of New South Wales (UNSW) study.Cloth masks - dangerous to your health? - Read more

Diabetes: Nanotech-enabled moisturizer speeds wound healing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A pot of ointment next to a healed wound [24/04/2015] A new high-tech but simple ointment applied to the skin may one day help diabetic patients heal stubborn and painful ulcers on their feet, Northwestern University researchers report.Diabetes: Nanotech-enabled moisturizer speeds wound healing - Read more

A recipe for long-lasting livers

Graphic: Model of human body with liver highlighted [23/04/2015] People waiting for organ transplants may soon have higher hopes of getting the help that they need in time. Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology have developed a new technique that extends the time that donor organs last and can also resuscitate organs obtained after cardiac arrest.A recipe for long-lasting livers - Read more

No consistent standards in children's hospital environments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A colorfully painted hospital room for children [23/04/2015] The sound, light and temperature levels in pediatric hospital wards often vary, highlighting the lack of consistent environmental standards, according to a new study.No consistent standards in children's hospital environments - Read more

Blindness: Technology may improve management of leading causes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [22/04/2015] A new research demonstrates that technology invented by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University's Casey Eye Institute can improve the clinical management of the leading causes of blindness. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography could largely replace current dye-based angiography in the management of these diseases.Blindness: Technology may improve management of leading causes - Read more

Breast tumor: Metastasis risk linked by molecule's movement

Photo: Microscope image [22/04/2015] Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have discovered a molecular mechanism that connects breast tissue stiffness to tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. The study may inspire new approaches to predicting patient outcomes and halting tumor metastasis.Breast tumor: Metastasis risk linked by molecule's movement - Read more

Chemobrain: Cancer diagnosis affects cognitive function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman leans against a wall, tired [21/04/2015] Breast cancer patients often display mild cognitive defects even before the initiation of chemotherapy. A new study by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) in Munich researchers now attributes the syndrome to post-traumatic stress induced by diagnosis of the disease.Chemobrain: Cancer diagnosis affects cognitive function - Read more

Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics?

Photo: A green maple leaf [21/04/2015] A concentrated extract of maple syrup makes disease-causing bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics, according to laboratory experiments by researchers at McGill University.Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics? - Read more

More people discuss end-of-life wishes with loved ones

Photo: Older couple, the woman cares for the man [20/04/2015] Discussing end-of-life wishes with loved ones can be difficult, but new research from the University of Missouri shows more individuals are engaging in advance care planning. Advance care planning includes discussing end-of-life care preferences, providing written end-of-life care instructions and appointing a durable power of attorney for health care.More people discuss end-of-life wishes with loved ones - Read more

New treatment for Barrett's oesophagus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The shape of a stomach cut out of flames [20/04/2015] New research from the University of Warwick and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW) NHS Trust could transform treatments and diagnosis for a common digestive condition which affects thousands of patients.New treatment for Barrett's oesophagus - Read more

Autoimmune process causes rejection of secondary corneal transplants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A blue eye [17/04/2015] UT Southwestern Medical Center ophthalmologists have identified an important cause of why secondary corneal transplants are rejected at triple the rate of first-time corneal transplants.Autoimmune process causes rejection of secondary corneal transplants - Read more

Tango dancing benefits Parkinson's patients

Photo: A couple dancing tango [17/04/2015] Dancing the Argentine tango could have potential benefits for people at certain stages in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), according to findings in a new study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital - The Neuro, McGill University and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre.Tango dancing benefits Parkinson's patients - Read more

Does eating out cause high blood pressure?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A large burger served with potato wedges [16/04/2015] A recent study on university-going young adults, by researchers from the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore (Duke-NUS), is the first ever to show an association between meals eaten away from home and high blood pressure.Does eating out cause high blood pressure? - Read more

Stronger muscles make bone development healthier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A girl dressed up as superhero lifts weights [16/04/2015] Scientists at the University of Southampton have shown that higher muscle mass is strongly linked with healthier bone development in children. Researchers also found no relationship between fat mass and bone development, indicating it is not an important factor in childhood skeletal strength.Stronger muscles make bone development healthier - Read more

European Immunization Week – April 20-25, 2015

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccine [15/04/2015] There is still no vaccine against HIV. But there is one against measles and rubella. The diseases could still not be eradicated in the world regardless. Therefore, the World Health Organization WHO calls regularly to vaccinate children against these highly contagious diseases.European Immunization Week – April 20-25, 2015 - Read more

Heart attack: High risk in divorced women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman holding her breast [15/04/2015] Divorced women suffer heart attacks at higher rates than women who are continuously married, a new study from Duke Medicine has found. A woman who has been through two or more divorces is nearly twice as likely to have a heart attack when compared to their stably-married female peers, according to the findings.Heart attack: High risk in divorced women - Read more

Heart cells regenerated in mice

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart cells [15/04/2015] As opposed to blood, hair or skin cells that can renew themselves throughout life, our heart cells cease to divide shortly after birth, and there is very little renewal in adulthood. New research provides insight into the question of why the mammalian heart fails to regenerate, on one hand, and demonstrated, in adult mice, the possibility of turning back this fate.Heart cells regenerated in mice - Read more

Mental rehearsal helps prepare for trauma patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Flow chart showing 4 steps of action [14/04/2015] In the same way athletes mentally visualize races long before lacing up, doctors and other members of trauma resuscitation teams should map out mental blueprints, and then communicate their strategy to all team members involved in caring for patients, a new study suggests.Mental rehearsal helps prepare for trauma patients - Read more

Spinal surgery: Right on target

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray of the spine with marked vertebrae [14/04/2015] Because the spine is made up of repeating elements that look alike, surgeons can mistakenly operate on the wrong vertebra. To avoid this, Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a software program that works seamlessly with currently available procedures to assist a surgeon's determination of which vertebra is which.Spinal surgery: Right on target - Read more

MIPT researchers grow cardiac tissue on 'spider silk' substrate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: green fluorescent heart tissue cells [13/04/2015] Genetically engineered fibers of the protein spidroin, which is the construction material for spider webs, has proven to be a perfect substrate for cultivating heart tissue cells, MIPT researchers found. They discuss their findings in an article that has recently come out in the journal PLOS ONE. MIPT researchers grow cardiac tissue on 'spider silk' substrate - Read more

New guidance on contact precautions for hospital visitors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Washing hands under a valve [13/04/2015] Leading infectious diseases experts have released new guidance for healthcare facilities looking to establish precautions for visitors of patients with infectious diseases. The guidance looks to reduce the potential for healthcare visitors in spreading dangerous bacteria within the healthcare facility and community.New guidance on contact precautions for hospital visitors - Read more

Cardiac arrest: Selenide protects heart muscle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart model [10/04/2015] Damage to heart muscle from insufficient blood supply during cardiac arrest and reperfusion injury after blood flow is restored can be reduced by nearly 90 percent if selenide, a form of the essential nutrient selenium, is administered intravenously in the wake of the attack, according to a new preclinical study by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.Cardiac arrest: Selenide protects heart muscle - Read more

Multiple sclerosis: A riddle of the blood-brain barrier solved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Loop with a script Multiple Sclerosis [10/04/2015] The creation and progression of multiple sclerosis present scientists with many riddles. Now researchers from the universities of Würzburg and Amsterdam have succeeded in resolving an apparent contradiction in the findings to date. Their work will contribute to a better understanding of the impact of treatments at the so-called blood-brain barrier.Multiple sclerosis: A riddle of the blood-brain barrier solved - Read more

Fighting HIV with antibodies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ampoule with medication [09/04/2015] An international team of scientists has now tested a new generation of antibodies in humans for the first time. They have demonstrated that these broadly neutralising antibodies significantly reduce the number of human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) in infected patients’ blood.Fighting HIV with antibodies - Read more

Low-frequency magnetic fields and development of Alzheimer's disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microscope image [09/04/2015] Low-frequency alternating magnetic fields such as those generated by overhead power lines are considered a potential health risk because epidemiological studies indicate that they may aggravate, among other things, neurodegenerative disorders. However, a recent study has produced no evidence that these fields can cause exacerbation or accelerated disease development in relevant mouse models.Low-frequency magnetic fields and development of Alzheimer's disease - Read more

Novel tissue substitute made of high-tech fibers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: High-tech fibrous material [08/04/2015] Regenerative medicine uses cells harvested from the patient’s own body to heal damaged tissue. Fraunhofer researchers have developed a cell-free substrate containing proteins to which autologous cells bind and grow only after implantation.Novel tissue substitute made of high-tech fibers - Read more

Synchronization of the womb's clock with mother's body clock

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnant woman on a sofa [08/04/2015] If you are trying to have a baby, a good night's sleep is more important than ever. A new research report appearing in The FASEB Journal shows that the womb has its own "body clock" that needs to synchronize with the mother's body clock to ensure optimal conditions for fetal growth and development. Synchronization of the womb's clock with mother's body clock - Read more

Computer model: How our livers will store fat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Liver [07/04/2015] Computer model developed to predict how 'T09' causes the liver to store fat could be used to predict liver fat storage for other drugs and conditions.Computer model: How our livers will store fat - Read more

Vaccine activates the immune system response against Ebola

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ebola [07/04/2015] The initial results of a clinical Phase I trial of a potential vaccine against the dreaded Ebola virus are now available at the Hamburg-Eppendorf University Medical Center (UKE). As this trial was being conducted, scientists in Geneva (Switzerland), Lambaréne (Gabon), and Kilifi (Kenya) were also testing the “rVSV-ZEBOV” vaccine on a total of 158 healthy adult volunteers.Vaccine activates the immune system response against Ebola - Read more

Combining magnetism and light to fight cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two tumor samples in comparison [02/04/2015] By combining magnetic nanoparticles and photosensitizers that are simultaneously and remotely activated by external physical stimuli (a magnetic field and light), scientists at the Laboratoire Matière et Systèmes Complexes (CNRS/Université Paris Diderot) and the Laboratoire Physicochimie des Electrolytes et Nanosystèmes Interfaciaux (CNRS/UPMC), obtained total tumor regression in mice.Combining magnetism and light to fight cancer - Read more

Nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels guide 3-D neural structure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blue nerve cells with red nuclei [02/04/2015] Damage to neural tissue is typically permanent and causes lasting disability in patients, but a new approach has recently been discovered that holds incredible potential to reconstruct neural tissue at high resolution in three dimensions.Nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels guide 3-D neural structure - Read more

Diagnosing infectious diseases at the point-of-care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The LabDisc device from the DISCOGNOSIS project [01/04/2015] A new "lab-on-a-disc" technology developed by an EU project research team can diagnose malaria and other febrile infectious diseases simultaneously in just an hour - allowing faster point-of-care treatment and precise drugs administration that could save thousands of lives.Diagnosing infectious diseases at the point-of-care - Read more

Mountain rescue: Can resuscitation be delayed?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An evac helicopter lands in a skiing area [01/04/2015] A team of researchers lays the foundation for new resuscitation guidelines for severely hypothermic patients in cardiac arrest.Mountain rescue: Can resuscitation be delayed? - Read more

Lessons to be learned from Ebola epidemic

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman using hand desinfectant [31/03/2015] While the international response to the Ebola epidemic that started in early 2014 included unprecedented measures that appeared to be gaining control of the outbreak by the end of the year, the past year has also revealed critical weaknesses in the global public health system.Lessons to be learned from Ebola epidemic - Read more

No benefit through health information exchange?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tablet showing the word [31/03/2015] Health information exchanges are supposed to improve the speed, quality, safety and cost of patient care, but there is little evidence of that in existing health information exchange benefit studies.No benefit through health information exchange? - Read more

Causes of hospital readmissions after joint replacements

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray image of a knee joint [30/03/2015] A new study from researchers at NYU Langone's Hospital for Joint Diseases identifies common causes of hospital readmissions following total hip and knee arthoplasty procedures. By finding these common causes, researchers believe quality can be increased and hospital costs decreased.Causes of hospital readmissions after joint replacements - Read more

Why drug for type II diabetes makes people fat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring tape and pills [30/03/2015] Medication used to treat patients with type II diabetes activates sensors on brain cells that increase hunger, causing people taking this drug to gain more body fat, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Oregon Health and Science University, Georgia Regents University and Charlie Norwood Veterans Administration Medical Center.Why drug for type II diabetes makes people fat - Read more

Crossing fingers can reduce feelings of pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with fingers crossed [27/03/2015] How you feel pain is affected by where sources of pain are in relation to each other, and so crossing your fingers can change what you feel on a single finger, finds new University College London (UCL) research.Crossing fingers can reduce feelings of pain - Read more

When clocks are set forward, life satisfaction declines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Clock with roman numeral [27/03/2015] According to a recent study based on data from the SOEP and the UK study Understanding Society, people’s life satisfaction declines when they lose an hour to daylight savings time.When clocks are set forward, life satisfaction declines - Read more

Good bone, bad bone

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: OsteoProbe indentation tool [26/03/2015] For people taking glucocorticoids such as prednisone, the increased risk of bone fracture is a well-documented side effect. Used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including autoimmune diseases and allergies, glucocorticoids are known to cause rapid deterioration in bone strength. Scientists explore a new parameter of bone quality that measures strength instead of density.Good bone, bad bone - Read more

Improving communication for better patient care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor talking to patient lying in hospital bed [26/03/2015] Coordinating patient care between hospital clinicians and primary-care physicians is a significant challenge due to poor communication and gaps in information-sharing strategies, according to a study led by physicians at the School of Medicine of the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.Improving communication for better patient care - Read more

Scientists coax stem cells to form 3-D mini lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung organoid [25/03/2015] Scientists have coaxed stem cells to grow the first three-dimensional mini lungs. Previous research has focused on deriving lung tissue from flat cell systems or growing cells onto scaffolds made from donated organs. Scientists coax stem cells to form 3-D mini lungs - Read more

Tuberculosis research takes off

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tuberculosis bacterium in green and orange [25/03/2015] For 80 years there was essentially a lull in tuberculosis research. Indeed, the last scientific breakthrough in 1921, the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine, still forms the central pillar of tuberculosis prevention. Now, scientists call for a global strategy for the development of new tuberculosis vaccines.Tuberculosis research takes off - Read more

MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015 sheds light on the future of surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/03/2015] Medical technological systems that require medical expertise and technological know-how to be closely linked will be the primary focus at the MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE, the informational platform for medicine and medical technology. MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015 sheds light on the future of surgery - Read more

Microtechnology industry more eager to invest

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Diagram of development in European microtechnology industry [24/03/2015] The European microtechnology industry has recently been more eager to invest than in previous years. In the annual economic data survey, which the IVAM Microtechnology Network has conducted in February 2015, almost a third of the participating companies stated that they have invested more in 2014 than in the year before. Microtechnology industry more eager to invest - Read more

Patients want more information about medical imaging risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor holding MRI image [24/03/2015] A substantial gap exists between patient expectations and current practices for providing information about medical imaging tests that use radiation, according to a new study published online in the journal Radiology. Researchers said the findings highlight a need for better communication as medicine enters an era of patient-centered care.Patients want more information about medical imaging risk - Read more

'Missing culprit' in heart failure identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Presure compared [23/03/2015] Working with lab animals and human heart cells, scientists from Johns Hopkins and other institutions have identified what they describe as "the long-sought culprit" in the mystery behind a cell-signaling breakdown that triggers heart failure.'Missing culprit' in heart failure identified - Read more

Strengthening the immune system’s fight against brain cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Model of cancer cell [23/03/2015] When cancer strikes, it may be possible for patients to fight back with their own defenses, using a strategy known as immunotherapy. According to a new study published in Nature, researchers have found a way to enhance the effects of this therapeutic approach in glioblastoma, a deadly type of brain cancer, and possibly improve patient outcomes.Strengthening the immune system’s fight against brain cancer - Read more

Life-saving treatments learned from war being missed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sad looking old man [20/03/2015] Trauma is responsible for more global deaths annually than HIV, malaria and tuberculosis combined. Yet healthcare systems in many countries are missing out on life-saving treatments learnt on the battlefield, according to a review by King's College London and published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Life-saving treatments learned from war being missed - Read more

Trapping malaria mosquito mums before they lay eggs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mosquito [20/03/2015] In a world first, researchers have found that a naturally occurring chemical attracts pregnant malaria-transmitting mosquitoes - a discovery which could boost malaria control efforts. Trapping malaria mosquito mums before they lay eggs - Read more

New microarray-based tool offers potential to provide fast, reliable assessment of vaginal health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Uterus [19/03/2015] A new microarray-based tool, called VaginArray, offers the potential to provide a fast, reliable and low-cost assessment of vaginal health and diagnoses of infections. The research is published ahead of print March 2, in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.New microarray-based tool offers potential to provide fast, reliable assessment of vaginal health - Read more

Researchers show how fatty acids can fight prostate cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Omega 3 [19/03/2015] Washington State University researchers have found a mechanism by which omega-3 fatty acids inhibit the growth and spread of prostate cancer cells. The findings, which are at odds with a 2013 study asserting that omega-3s increase the risk of prostate cancer, point the way to more effective anti-cancer drugs. Researchers show how fatty acids can fight prostate cancer - Read more

'Smart bandage' detects bedsores before they are visible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smart bandage [18/03/2015] Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, are developing a new type of bandage. Thanks to advances in flexible electronics, the researchers have created a new "smart bandage" that uses electrical currents to detect early tissue damage from pressure ulcers, or bedsores, before they can be seen by human eyes - and while recovery is still possible. 'Smart bandage' detects bedsores before they are visible - Read more

Does my App look big in this?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman holding a tablet [17/03/2015] The joint European Forum for Good Clinical Practice (EFGCP) and MedTech Europe Working Party announced the launch of its Workshop Report and resulting “Roadmap for Medical Device Development in Europe.” Does my App look big in this? - Read more

Life-threatening illnesses: Old blood as good as fresh blood

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood bag [17/03/2015] Just like milk and many other foods, blood used for transfusions is perishable. But contrary to popular belief, new research shows that blood stored for three weeks is just as good as fresh blood - findings published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.Life-threatening illnesses: Old blood as good as fresh blood - Read more

Neurons: Regeneration in a hostile environment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cross section of rat spinal cord [16/03/2015] Damage to the spinal cord rarely heals because the injured nerve cells fail to regenerate. The regrowth of their long nerve fibers is hindered by scar tissue and molecular processes inside the nerves. An international team of researchers now reports that help might be on the way from an unexpected quarter.Neurons: Regeneration in a hostile environment - Read more

New antibody therapy improves psoriasis symptoms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A sample from one psoriasis patient [16/03/2015] Only a single treatment produced what researchers describe as 'rapid, substantial, and durable clinical improvement'.New antibody therapy improves psoriasis symptoms - Read more

MRSA can linger in homes, spreading among its inhabitants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand holding a petri dish with bacterial cultures [13/03/2015] Households can serve as a reservoir for transmitting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).MRSA can linger in homes, spreading among its inhabitants - Read more

UK regulation of total hip replacement devices

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The ball segment of a hip replacement device [13/03/2015] A new study from the University of Warwick is calling for more UK compulsory regulation of devices used in hip replacements to reduce the need for further traumatic and expensive surgery.UK regulation of total hip replacement devices - Read more

How tablets and smartphones strain joints and muscles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man wearing a black suit with red light dots [12/03/2015] Spending hours on a computer or sending lots of text messages on a mobile phone can result in a stiff neck and sometimes even a strained thumb. Computer scientists in Saarbrücken have developed a procedure that simulates in a lifelike manner which muscles and joints are put under particular strain when using IT devices.How tablets and smartphones strain joints and muscles - Read more

Is Alzheimer's an autoimmune disease?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two male scientists working in a lab [12/03/2015] Brain levels of the lipid ceramide are high in Alzheimer's disease, and now scientists have found increased levels of an antibody to the lipid in their disease model.Is Alzheimer's an autoimmune disease? - Read more

Cellular scissors chop up HIV virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A group of 7 researchers in a lab [11/03/2015] Imagine a single drug that could prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, treat patients who have already contracted HIV, and even remove all the dormant copies of the virus from those with the more advanced disease.Cellular scissors chop up HIV virus - Read more

Three things that may reduce male fertility

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man taking pills while working [11/03/2015] Working in a physically demanding job, having high blood pressure, and taking multiple medications are among health risks that may undermine a man's fertility, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and Stanford University, Stanford, California.Three things that may reduce male fertility - Read more

Twitter predicts health insurance marketplace enrollment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A hash under the magnifying glass [10/03/2015] An increase in Twitter sentiment (the positivity or negativity of tweets) is associated with an increase in state-level enrollment in the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) health insurance marketplaces. This points to use of the social media platform as a real-time gauge of public opinion and provides a way for marketplaces to quickly identify enrollment changes and emerging issues.Twitter predicts health insurance marketplace enrollment - Read more

Vaccine skeptics not swayed by emotional scare tactics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman sceptically looks at syringe [10/03/2015] On the heels of a nationwide measles outbreak comes a report that campaigns aimed at scaring people about the consequences of non-vaccination might not be as effective as many think.Vaccine skeptics not swayed by emotional scare tactics - Read more

EDCs: annual costs exceed €150 billion

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A lot of blue plastic bottles [09/03/2015] A new economic analysis found exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) likely costs the European Union €157 billion ($209 billion) a year in actual health care expenses and lost earning potential.EDCs: annual costs exceed €150 billion - Read more

Higher tumor rates by exposure to electromagnetic fields

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Puzzled woman stares at her mobile phone [09/03/2015] Electromagnetic fields stimulate the growth of tumors in mice. This is the result of a new study by researchers from Jacobs University in Bremen, Germany, which was commissioned by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection.Higher tumor rates by exposure to electromagnetic fields - Read more

Biomarker for steatohepatitis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: The liver in human body [06/03/2015] 40 percent of people in the EU suffer from non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a disease which is becoming increasingly more frequent as a result of diabetes and excess weight. Currently, it is not possible to forecast the further course of the disease – right up to cirrhosis and cancer of the liver. In future, this should become possible using a Risk Score with different biomarkers.Biomarker for steatohepatitis - Read more

Protein booster may lead to better DNA vaccines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A syringe is filled with a vaccine [06/03/2015] Scientists have discovered a new way to manipulate how cells function, a finding that might help advance an experimental approach to improving public health: DNA vaccines, which could be more efficient, less expensive and easier to store than traditional vaccines.Protein booster may lead to better DNA vaccines - Read more

Breakthrough discovery in cancer treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Michail Sitkovsky and a colleague in his lab [05/03/2015] Michail Sitkovsky, an immunophysiology expert at Northeastern University, and his research colleagues have made a breakthrough discovery in cancer treatment. The new approach, some 30 years in the making, could dramatically increase the survival rate of patients with cancer, which kills some 8 million people each year.Breakthrough discovery in cancer treatment - Read more

Giant virus revealed in 3-D using X-ray laser

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Computerized view of a Mimivirus [05/03/2015] For the first time, researchers have produced a 3-D image revealing part of the inner structure of an intact, infectious virus, using a unique X-ray laser at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The virus, called Mimivirus, is in a curious class of “giant viruses” discovered just over a decade ago.Giant virus revealed in 3-D using X-ray laser - Read more

How much overdetection is acceptable in cancer screening?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman is going to be scanned in MRI [04/03/2015] People have highly variable views on how much overdetection is acceptable in cancer screening, finds a UK survey. The authors say invitations for screening "should include clear information on the likelihood and consequences of overdetection to allow people to make an informed choice."How much overdetection is acceptable in cancer screening? - Read more

Rhodopsin on track – Biological pigment aligns in double rows

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Cut stack of discs from a mouse rod photoreceptor [04/03/2015] Scientists from the caesar research center, an Institute of the Max Planck Society, have explained, with the help of electron microscopy, how the pigment rhodopsin is arranged in the rod cells of the retina. This question has long been subject of a heated scientific debate. Rhodopsin on track – Biological pigment aligns in double rows - Read more

Care model enhances recovery of ICU survivors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man lying in bed at ICU [03/03/2015] The Critical Care Recovery Center care model - the nation's first collaborative care concept focusing on the extensive cognitive, physical and psychological recovery needs of intensive care unit survivors - decreases the likelihood of serious illness after discharge from an ICU.Care model enhances recovery of ICU survivors - Read more

New nanodevice defeats drug resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nanodevice, consisting of a hydrogel [03/03/2015] Chemotherapy often shrinks tumors at first, but as cancer cells become resistant to drug treatment, tumors can grow back. A new nanodevice developed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers can help overcome that by first blocking the gene that confers drug resistance, then launching a new chemotherapy attack against the disarmed tumors.New nanodevice defeats drug resistance - Read more

3-D printing offers method to deliver medication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: 3-D printer prints an object that looks like a flower [02/03/2015] 3-D printing could become a powerful tool in customizing interventional radiology treatments to individual patient needs, with clinicians having the ability to construct devices to a specific size and shape. That's according to a study being presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology's Annual Scientific Meeting. 3-D printing offers method to deliver medication - Read more

Ultrasensitive test for peanut allergies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: a pile of peanuts [02/03/2015] With an estimated three million people in the United States allergic to peanuts and tree nuts, having a more precise and reliable allergy test could prevent hospitalizations and allow for better monitoring of individuals suffering from peanut allergies.Ultrasensitive test for peanut allergies - Read more

Do long sleepers have an increased risk of stroke?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sleeping woman [27/02/2015] People who sleep more than eight hours a night may have an increased risk of stroke, according to a new study published in the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Do long sleepers have an increased risk of stroke? - Read more

Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D may control brain serotonin

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tablet with the formula of serotonin [27/02/2015] Although essential marine omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D have been shown to improve cognitive function and behavior in the context of certain brain disorders, the underlying mechanism has been unclear. In a new paper serotonin is explained as the missing link tying together why vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids might ameliorate the symptoms associated with a broad array of brain disorders.Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D may control brain serotonin - Read more

Cutting-edge technology optimizes cancer therapy with nanomedicine drug combinations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Schematic of a combination therapy [26/02/2015] UCLA bioengineers develop platform that offers personalized approach to cancer treatment. Cutting-edge technology optimizes cancer therapy with nanomedicine drug combinations - Read more

Scientists grow leg muscle from cells in a dish

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man in laboratory [26/02/2015] A team of researchers from Italy, Israel and the United Kingdom has succeeded in generating mature, functional skeletal muscles in mice using a new approach for tissue engineering.Scientists grow leg muscle from cells in a dish - Read more

Evolutionary approach reveals clues toward understanding the roots of schizophrenia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Pencil erases a signed gene [25/02/2015] In a new study appearing in Molecular Biology and Evolution, Mount Sinai researcher Joel Dudley has led a new study that suggests that the very changes specific to human evolution may have come at a cost, contributing to the genetic architecture underlying schizophrenia traits in modern humans. Evolutionary approach reveals clues toward understanding the roots of schizophrenia - Read more

Vitamin D deficiency linked more closely to diabetes than obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman sitting in the sun [25/02/2015] People who have low levels of vitamin D are more likely to have diabetes, regardless of how much they weigh, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.Vitamin D deficiency linked more closely to diabetes than obesity - Read more

Bio-inspired robotic sock promotes blood circulation and prevents blood clots in legs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient with robotic sock [24/02/2015] Patients who are bedridden or unable to move their legs are often at risk of developing Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), a potentially life-threatening condition caused by blood clots forming along the lower extremity veins of the legs. A team of researchers has invented a novel sock that can help prevent DVT and improve survival rates of patients.Bio-inspired robotic sock promotes blood circulation and prevents blood clots in legs - Read more

Quick test for Ebola

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ebola [24/02/2015] Simple paper strip can diagnose Ebola and other fevers within 10 minutes.Quick test for Ebola - Read more

Reducing energy efficiency boosts calorie burning in muscle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Colorized infrared images of mice after performing low-intensity exercise on a treadmill [23/02/2015] Injection that makes muscles less energy efficient may have potential as weight-loss therapy to treat obesity.Reducing energy efficiency boosts calorie burning in muscle - Read more

Teens increasingly sleep deprived

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sleeping teenage girl [23/02/2015] Sufficient sleep is critical for adolescent health, yet the number of hours slept per night has decreased among teenagers in the United States over the last 20 years. Teens increasingly sleep deprived - Read more

Molecular trigger of IBD discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Zebrafish fluorescing in green and red [20/02/2015] Cells lining the intestinal tract form a critical barrier, protecting our bodies from the billions of bacteria living in the gut. Breaches in this barrier are driven largely by a single signaling molecule called tumor necrosis factor (TNF), elevated amounts of which are associated with inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.Molecular trigger of IBD discovered - Read more

Parkinson’s: Growth factor for possible regenerative effects

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Two hands protecting a brain icon [20/02/2015] Researchers have long sought treatments that can slow the progression of Parkinson's disease. Current treatments have for decades been only symptomatic in nature, supplying the neurotransmitter dopamine, which the dying nerve cells can no longer produce.Parkinson’s: Growth factor for possible regenerative effects - Read more

Cancer: 90% approve of screening but uptake is lower

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Cancer-related words forming a cloud [19/02/2015] Nine in 10 people think that cancer screening is ‘almost always a good idea’ despite the fact that screening uptake is lower, a Cancer Research UK study in the British Journal of Cancer shows.Cancer: 90% approve of screening but uptake is lower - Read more

MRI: DVD helps patients to prepare

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman during an MRI scan [19/02/2015] A DVD designed to help people prepare for a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, including guidance on how to relax, led to more successful scans. The patients receiving the DVD also felt less anxious during the scan says a paper published in the British Journal of Health Psychology.MRI: DVD helps patients to prepare - Read more

Cross-border intensive care medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Map of Europe in shades of blue [18/02/2015] Anyone who becomes seriously ill or has an accident while on holiday would like to be treated as well as they are at home. It is vitally important for the patient that the doctor has been well trained, in particular in intensive care medicine.Cross-border intensive care medicine - Read more

Transplantation of adrenal cells encapsulated in a bioreactor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Kidneys in the body [18/02/2015] If the function of the adrenal gland is disturbed it does not produce enough stress-adjusting messengers. The results are serious and cause life-threatening diseases. Till now academic medicine provides only limited. Researchers developed an artificial adrenal system in an animal model. This makes future human transplantation of adrenal cells possible. Transplantation of adrenal cells encapsulated in a bioreactor - Read more

Human neural stem cells restore cognitive functions impaired by chemotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient during a chemotherapy [17/02/2015] Human neural stem cell treatments are showing promise for reversing learning and memory deficits after chemotherapy, according to the researchers of the University of California, Irvine (UCI).Human neural stem cells restore cognitive functions impaired by chemotherapy - Read more

Tracking parasites with satellites

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Prof Archie Clements [17/02/2015] Scientists are teaming up to use satellite data to target deadly parasites to help predict patterns of parasitic diseases such as malaria, worms and hydatids.Tracking parasites with satellites - Read more

Hand washing focus in hospitals leads to dermatitis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Team of physicians washing their hands [13/02/2015] Researchers from the University's Institute of Population Health studied reports voluntarily submitted by dermatologists to a national database which is run by the University (THOR), between 1996 and 2012. Sixty percent of eligible UK dermatologists used this database which is designed to report skin problems caused or aggravated by work.Hand washing focus in hospitals leads to dermatitis - Read more

Stem cell transplants may work better than drug for multiple sclerosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Demyelination of a nerve [13/02/2015] The study involved 21 people whose disability due to multiple sclerosis had increased during the previous year even though they were taking conventional medications (also known as first-line treatments). The participants, who were an average age of 36, were at an average disability level where a cane or crutch was needed to walk.Stem cell transplants may work better than drug for multiple sclerosis - Read more

Engineered insulin could offer better diabetes control

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Insulin shot in front of sugar cubes [12/02/2015] MIT engineers hope to improve treatment for diabetes patients with a new type of engineered insulin. In tests in mice, the researchers showed that their modified insulin can circulate in the bloodstream for at least 10 hours. This could eliminate the need for patients to repeatedly monitor their blood sugar levels and inject insulin throughout the day.Engineered insulin could offer better diabetes control - Read more

Smartphone apps vs. wearable devices

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphone [12/02/2015] Although wearable devices have received significant attention for their ability to track an individual's physical activity, most smartphone applications are just as accurate, according to a new research letter in JAMA. Smartphone apps vs. wearable devices - Read more

Need for transplants rises in US

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgeons transplant an organ [11/02/2015] Surgeons and transplant centers nationwide increasingly have rejected hearts donated for transplantation despite a growing need for them, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Need for transplants rises in US - Read more

The radiation therapy of the future adjusts itself to the patient

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physicians and scientists working together [11/02/2015] Radiation therapy for cancer therapy usually lasts for several weeks. During this time, the situation of the patient changes often: bodyweight decreases, causing the tumor to shrink or change shape. In the worst case, the radiation can no longer fully hit the tumor, causing part of the radiation to reach and damage healthy tissue.The radiation therapy of the future adjusts itself to the patient - Read more

Do clothes make the doctor?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctors in scrubs and white coats [10/02/2015] What should doctors wear? And how does something as simple as their choice of a suit, scrubs or slacks influence how patients view them? A new analysis takes a comprehensive look - and finds that the answer isn't as simple as you might think. It also finds that doctors don't seem to be getting a lot of guidance on how to dress. Do clothes make the doctor? - Read more

Poor access to primary care results in poorer health for deaf people

Photo: Girl and woman signing [10/02/2015] Deaf people who sign have poorer health than the general population, according to a study led by researchers from the School for Social and Community Medicine at the University of Bristol, UK.Poor access to primary care results in poorer health for deaf people - Read more

Fluorescent probe tracks osteoarthritis development

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray image of osteoarthritic knees [09/02/2015] A fluorescent probe may make it easier to diagnose and monitor osteoarthritis, a painful joint disease. The disease is often detected late in development after painful symptoms occur. Earlier diagnosis might lead to better management and patient outcomes. A new study reports that a fluorescent probe tracked the development of osteoarthritis in male mice, brightening as the disease progressed. Fluorescent probe tracks osteoarthritis development - Read more

New method for minimally invasive tissue ablation surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Masson's trichromatic staining of the liver tissue [09/02/2015] A team of researchers that includes scientists from the Quinnipiac University and the University of California, Berkeley reports a new method for minimally invasive tissue ablation surgery that combines electrolysis with reversible electroporation. New method for minimally invasive tissue ablation surgery - Read more

Improving genome editing with drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An gemone made of paper in the hands of a woman [06/02/2015] One of the most exciting scientific advances made in recent years is CRISPR--the ability to precisely edit the genome of cells. However, although this method has incredible potential, the process is extremely inefficient. Fortunately, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have discovered a way to enhance the efficiency of CRISPR with the introduction of a few key chemical compounds.Improving genome editing with drugs - Read more

New source of cells for modeling malaria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor with sign [06/02/2015] In 2008, the World Health Organization announced a global effort to eradicate malaria, which kills about 800,000 people every year. As part of that goal, scientists are trying to develop new drugs that target the malaria parasite during the stage when it infects the human liver, which is crucial because some strains of malaria can lie dormant in the liver for several years before flaring up.New source of cells for modeling malaria - Read more

Kidney images reveal the secrets of how organ develops

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nephrons [05/02/2015] Striking images reveal new insights into how the kidney develops from a group of cells into a complex organ.Kidney images reveal the secrets of how organ develops - Read more

Large study of hypertension patients highlights key moments at which to intervene

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse with a patient [05/02/2015] In a new study published this week in the British Medical Journal, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) examined the outcomes of 88,000 adults with hypertension to pinpoint the precise high-blood-pressure level and critical time points at which intervening was tied to a decrease in the risk of death. Large study of hypertension patients highlights key moments at which to intervene - Read more

How the brain controls robotic grasping tools

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Head and brain of a person [04/02/2015] Grasping an object involves a complex network of brain functions. New findings from researchers at the University of Missouri suggest that the cerebellum, a region of the brain that has changed very little over time, may play a critical role. Findings could lead to advancements in assistive technologies benefiting the disabled.How the brain controls robotic grasping tools - Read more

Patients may avoid topic of work-related asthma for fear of losing jobs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with inhaler [04/02/2015] According to a new study published in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, the scientific publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), only 15 percent of employed adults with asthma discussed with their doctor how work might affect their condition.Patients may avoid topic of work-related asthma for fear of losing jobs - Read more

DNA nanoswitches reveal how life's molecules connect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Switch [03/02/2015] A complex interplay of molecular components governs almost all aspects of biological sciences. Understanding these bio-molecular interactions is critical for the discovery of new, more effective therapeutics and diagnostics to treat cancer and other diseases, but currently requires scientists to have access to expensive and elaborate laboratory equipment. DNA nanoswitches reveal how life's molecules connect - Read more

New metabolic biomarkers predict future cardiovascular diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Heart rate [03/02/2015] Four biomarkers in the blood are indicative of future cardiovascular disease risk independently of known risk factors. This opens up new possibilities for diagnosis and prevention of these diseases, such as heart attack or stroke, reports an international research team.New metabolic biomarkers predict future cardiovascular diseases - Read more

Anti-microbial coatings with a long-term effect for surfaces

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man in a clean, public bathroom [02/02/2015] Researchers at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials have now produced antimicrobial abrasion-resistant coatings with both silver and copper colloids with a long-term effect that kill germs reliably and at the same time prevent germs becoming established. The coatings are particularly suitable for the application on large and solid surfaces, on doorhandles and for textiles.Anti-microbial coatings with a long-term effect for surfaces - Read more

Study links deficiency of cellular housekeeping gene with aggressive forms of breast cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Tumor cell [02/02/2015] UT Southwestern Medical Center scientists have identified a strong link between the most aggressive type of breast cancer and a gene that regulates the body's natural cellular recycling process, called autophagy.Study links deficiency of cellular housekeeping gene with aggressive forms of breast cancer - Read more

Beer compound could help fend off brain disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A cold glass of beer [30/01/2015] The health-promoting perks of wine have attracted the spotlight recently, leaving beer in the shadows. But scientists are discovering new ways in which the latter could be a more healthful beverage than once thought.Beer compound could help fend off brain disorders - Read more

Communication is key to Emergency Department success

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Three paramedics talking [30/01/2015] The high-risk, rapidly changing nature of hospital Emergency Departments creates an environment where stress levels and staff burnout rates are high, but researchers at St. Michael's Hospital have identified the secret sauce that helps many emergency clinicians flourish - communication.Communication is key to Emergency Department success - Read more

Epilepsy: Surgery effective for more than 15 years

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: X-ray image of a skull [29/01/2015] Brain surgery for otherwise hard-to-treat epilepsy is effective for up to 15 years, according to a new survey by Henry Ford Hospital physicians.Epilepsy: Surgery effective for more than 15 years - Read more

HIV: Persistent adaptability

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [29/01/2015] Drug-resistant HIV viruses can spread rapidly. This is the conclusion of a study conducted as part of the SWISS HIV Cohort Study, which is supported by the SNSF. Only the continuous introduction of new drugs can stop the virus from getting the upper hand.HIV: Persistent adaptability - Read more

Aortic dissection: Changing patterns in patient care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Stent is placed inside a blood vessel [28/01/2015] Cardiothoracic surgeons have long played a central role in the care of patients with aortic dissection, a life-threatening condition that in the past was treated only with open surgery or medicines.Aortic dissection: Changing patterns in patient care - Read more

Five strategies to write medical review articles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor writing with a pen [28/01/2015] Review articles in medical journals inform and enlighten physicians and other readers by summarizing the research on a given topic and setting the stage for further studies.Five strategies to write medical review articles - Read more

 
 

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