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'Electronic nose' sniffs C. diff infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mass spectrometer and research team [02/09/2014] A fast-sensitive "electronic-nose" for sniffing the highly infectious bacteria C. diff, that causes diarrhea, temperature and stomach cramps, has been developed by a team at the University of Leicester.'Electronic nose' sniffs C. diff infection - Read more

Education and dog-friendly neighborhoods against obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman and dog at a walk [02/09/2014] A study from the University of Liverpool has recommended investing in dog owner education and facilities as a strategy to target physical inactivity and problems such as obesity in both people and their pets.Education and dog-friendly neighborhoods against obesity - Read more

Health and migration

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Passport in a hand [01/09/2014] Migration has a significant influence on the health sector, including in Austria. The healthcare sector faces challenges due to migrants' different social status, background and gender, according to Christine Binder-Fritz and Anita Rieder from the Institute of Social Medicine at the Centre for Public Health at the Medical University of Vienna Vienna.Health and migration - Read more

ICD home monitoring: cost compares, reimbursement lags

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician talking to an elderly patient [01/09/2014] Roughly a decade since the start of telemonitoring capabilities in implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs), the first financial assessment of the impact of home monitored follow-up estimates the cost to physicians, hospitals and insurance providers is the same as traditional in-office monitoring, according to a new study.ICD home monitoring: cost compares, reimbursement lags - Read more

Arthritis patients failing to take effective medication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Pain places in joints caused by arhtritis [29/08/2014] Large numbers of people with severe rheumatoid arthritis are failing to take expensive medication as prescribed, according to a new multi-centre study led by researchers in Manchester.Arthritis patients failing to take effective medication - Read more

Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy [29/08/2014] Manchester scientists are working out how to safely increase the radiotherapy dose given to lung cancer patients – potentially offering improved local control and survival.Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy - Read more

Breakthrough could resolve serious skin infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bacterial infection on the skin [28/08/2014] Los Alamos National Laoratory and partners test ionic liquids to break bacterial biofilm layer and save lives. This work could have especially useful applications for military medical treatments where soldiers in the field can be exposed to bacterial infections that are particularly difficult to treat.Breakthrough could resolve serious skin infections - Read more

New Method Opens Door to Therapy with Human Muscle Stem Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Muscle fiber fragment with human muscle stem cells [28/08/2014] Stem cells are essential for the repair of muscle damage, but all attempts to manipulate human muscle stem cells for therapy have thus far failed. Now reseachers have shown how this might work. They developed a method in which they did not isolate the muscle stem cells, but rather cultivated, proliferated and transplanted them along with their muscle fibers. New Method Opens Door to Therapy with Human Muscle Stem Cells - Read more

Eating disorders increases risk of autoimmune diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring tape around the belly [27/08/2014] Finnish researchers have observed an association between eating disorders and several autoimmune diseases with different genetic backgrounds. These findings support the link between immune-mediated mechanisms and development of eating disorders.Eating disorders increases risk of autoimmune diseases - Read more

Widespread adoption of robot-assisted cancer surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Endoscopic surgery [27/08/2014] A new study reveals that the US has experienced widespread adoption of robot-assisted prostate removal surgery to treat prostate cancer in recent years. The BJU International study also found that while such surgeries are more expensive than traditional surgeries, their costs are decreasing over time.Widespread adoption of robot-assisted cancer surgery - Read more

Cutting the liver piece by piece

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Laparoscopy of the liver [26/08/2014] New surgical methods give hope to patients with cancer that has spread from the intestine to the liver. The disease can be changed from terminal to chronic by cutting the liver piece by piece using keyhole surgery.Cutting the liver piece by piece - Read more

Medicaid reimbursements may affect cancer screening rates among beneficiaries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor is talking to a patient [26/08/2014] A recent study has found that in states with higher Medicaid payments for office visits, Medicaid beneficiaries were more likely to be screened for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer. The findings may help policy makers address barriers to access to care and improve the use of recommended cancer screening services.Medicaid reimbursements may affect cancer screening rates among beneficiaries - Read more

Neuroscience and big data

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Neural pathways in the brain [25/08/2014] Scientists can now monitor and record the activity of hundreds of neurons concurrently in the brain, and ongoing technology developments promise to increase this number manifold. However, simply recording the neural activity does not automatically lead to a clearer understanding of how the brain works.Neuroscience and big data - Read more

Polio: mutated virus breaches vaccine protection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Polio vaccine with an injection [25/08/2014] Thanks to effective vaccination, polio is considered nearly eradicated. Each year only a few hundred people are stricken worldwide. However, scientists of the University of Bonn, together with colleagues from Gabon, are reporting alarming findings: a mutated virus that was able to resist the vaccine protection to a considerable extent was found in victims of an outbreak in the Congo in 2010. Polio: mutated virus breaches vaccine protection - Read more

A novel pathway for prevention of heart attack and stroke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Different words like stroke and heart [22/08/2014] A recent study could pave the way for preventing brain and cardiac ischemia induced by atherosclerosis. Finnish researchers have found that the low-expression variant of fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), which is particularly common among Finns, reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke. The finding revealed a new way to customise a potentially preventive drug for atherosclerosis.A novel pathway for prevention of heart attack and stroke - Read more

Relaxing DNA strands by using nano-channels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Nano Channel [22/08/2014] With the widespread use of methods for DNA analysis and manipulation, it's certainly useful to find a way to unravel and relax the strands of this molecule that tends to form tangles spontaneously. One way is to use channels, or rather nano-channels, as Cristian Micheletti, SISSA research scientist, and Enzo Orlandini, of Padua University, did in a study.Relaxing DNA strands by using nano-channels - Read more

Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman using an isulin pen [21/08/2014] Scientists from The University of Manchester have discovered that insulin can protect the cells of the pancreas from acute pancreatitis – a disease for which there is currently no treatment. Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis - Read more

Pain treatments less effective for those with irritable bowel

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bowel [21/08/2014] Researchers have discovered that the immune system is defective in people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome, which is a major reason why sufferers have ongoing issues with pain.Pain treatments less effective for those with irritable bowel - Read more

Our genes determine the traces that stress leaves behind on our brains

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: The brain in our head [20/08/2014] Our individual genetic make-up determines the effect that stress has on our emotional centers. These are the findings of a group of researchers from the Medical University Vienna. Not every individual reacts in the same way to life events that produce the same degree of stress. Our genes determine the traces that stress leaves behind on our brains - Read more

Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the brain [20/08/2014] Investigators at the University of Southampton have discovered that two new vaccines can prevent the transmission of meningitis bacteria from person to person. The vaccines do this by reducing 'carriage' of the responsible bacteria in the nose and throats of the population.Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent - Read more

Increased rates of preventable deaths after urologic procedures

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgery team during operation [19/08/2014] In recent years, a shift from inpatient to outpatient surgery in the U.S. for commonly performed urologic procedures has coincided with increasing deaths following complications that were potentially recognizable or preventable. The finding indicates the importance of monitoring urologic surgery patients for potential complications.Increased rates of preventable deaths after urologic procedures - Read more

Risks of postoperative cognitive side effects

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Anesthetist working on a monitor [19/08/2014] Postsurgical cognitive side effects can have major implications for the level of care, length of hospital stay, and the patient's perceived quality of care, especially in elderly and fragile patients. A nationwide survey of Swedish anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists has found there is low awareness of the risks of cognitive side effects following surgery. Risks of postoperative cognitive side effects - Read more

Novel treatment strengthens bones

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Calcified bone under microscope [18/08/2014] An enzyme therapy may prevent skeletal abnormalities associated with the genetic disorder neurofibromatosis type-1, Vanderbilt investigators have discovered. The findings “suggest that we can make bone stronger and better by injecting this drug, and possibly prevent fractures in patients with neurofibromatosis.” Novel treatment strengthens bones - Read more

Potential drug therapy for kidney stones

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kidney stones [18/08/2014] A new study suggests that a class of drugs approved to treat leukemia and epilepsy also may be effective against kidney stones, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report. The drugs are histone deacetylase inhibitors, or HDAC inhibitors for short. Potential drug therapy for kidney stones - Read more

Model predicts COPD hospital readmission

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician listens to a patient's chest [15/08/2014] Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have identified predictors of early rehospitalization among patients hospitalized for complications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Model predicts COPD hospital readmission - Read more

New tool to evaluate doctor's bedside manner

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician with patient and relative [15/08/2014] The best way to improve a doctor's bedside manner may lie in a new tool that evaluates and helps medical residents improve their communication and other soft skills to become better doctors, according to a new study led by Women's College Hospital's Dr. Tim Dwyer.New tool to evaluate doctor's bedside manner - Read more

'Shape-shifting' material could help reconstruct faces

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Shape-shifting material [14/08/2014] Researchers report that they have developed a "self-fitting" material that expands with warm salt water to precisely fill bone defects, and also acts as a scaffold for new bone growth.'Shape-shifting' material could help reconstruct faces - Read more

England: Community pharmacies could help tackle poor health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman and pharmacist [14/08/2014] Community pharmacies could play a vital role in tackling major public health concerns such as obesity and smoking because the vast majority of people in England live within easy walking distance, say researchers.England: Community pharmacies could help tackle poor health - Read more

Keeping viruses at bay

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Viruses [13/08/2014] Previously, it was unclear how the immune system prevents viruses from simply donning molecular camouflage in order to escape detection. An international team of researchers from the University of Bonn Hospital and the London Research Institute have now discovered that our immunosensory system attacks viruses on a molecular level.Keeping viruses at bay - Read more

Pioneering online treatment for people with Bipolar Disorder

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Person using a laptop outside [13/08/2014] The first effective web-based treatment for Bipolar Disorder based on the latest research evidence has been developed by psychologists.Pioneering online treatment for people with Bipolar Disorder - Read more

Malaria: chloroquine inhibits tumor growth and metastases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills and a clinical thermometer [12/08/2014] The anti-cancer effect of the antimalarial agent chloroquine when combined with conventional chemotherapy has been well documented in experimental animal models. To date, it was assumed that chloroquine increases the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapy by means of a direct effect on the cancer cells.Malaria: chloroquine inhibits tumor growth and metastases - Read more

Natural light in office boosts health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Offices with large windows [12/08/2014] Office workers with more light exposure at the office had longer sleep duration, better sleep quality, more physical activity and better quality of life compared to office workers with less light exposure in the workplace, reports a new study from Northwestern Medicine and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Natural light in office boosts health - Read more

Postmenopausal breast cancer risk decreases rapidly after starting physical activity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman and a man doing sports [11/08/2014] Postmenopausal women who in the past four years had undertaken regular physical activity equivalent to at least four hours of walking per week had a lower risk for invasive breast cancer compared with women who exercised less during those four years.Postmenopausal breast cancer risk decreases rapidly after starting physical activity - Read more

Target identified for rare inherited neurological disease in men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Target with arrows [11/08/2014] Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified the mechanism by which a rare, inherited neurodegenerative disease causes often crippling muscle weakness in men, in addition to reduced fertility.Target identified for rare inherited neurological disease in men - Read more

Earlier intervention for common form of heart attack linked to improved survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man holding his breast [08/08/2014] Changes in the treatment of the most common form of heart attack over the past decade have been associated with higher survival rates for men and women regardless of age, race and ethnicity, according to a University of California (UCLA) led analysis. But the study also suggests that there is room for improvement in how current treatment guidelines are applied among specific patient groups.Earlier intervention for common form of heart attack linked to improved survival - Read more

Link between vitamin D and dementia risk confirmed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vitamin D capsules [08/08/2014] In the largest study of its kind, researchers suggest that in older people not getting enough vitamin D may double the risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Link between vitamin D and dementia risk confirmed - Read more

Aspirin: Scientists believe cancer prevention benefits outweigh harms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aspirin [07/08/2014] New research reveals taking aspirin can significantly reduce the risk of developing – and dying from – the major cancers of the digestive tract. For the first time, scientists have reviewed all the available evidence from many studies and clinical trials assessing both the benefits and harms of preventive use of aspirin. Aspirin: Scientists believe cancer prevention benefits outweigh harms - Read more

New prosthetic arm controlled by neural messages

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Prosthesis [07/08/2014] Controlling a prosthetic arm by just imagining a motion may be possible through the work of Mexican scientists at the Centre for Research and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV), who work in the development of an arm replacement to identify movement patterns from brain signals.New prosthetic arm controlled by neural messages - Read more

Nearly 10 percent of patients with cancer still smoke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man smoking [06/08/2014] Nine years after diagnosis, 9.3 percent of U.S. cancer survivors were current smokers and 83 percent of these individuals were daily smokers who averaged 14.7 cigarettes per day, according to a report in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR). Nearly 10 percent of patients with cancer still smoke - Read more

New methods to identify MRSA in pigs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRSA culture in petri dish [06/08/2014] It is important to keep the number of MRSA infections at a low level. In a PhD project at the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, the latest technologies within whole genome sequencing were exploited to develop new methods to identify genes which are important for the survival of MRSA in pigs.New methods to identify MRSA in pigs - Read more

Computer simulation forecasts favorable trends in eradicating hepatitis C

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of hepatits C virus [05/08/2014] Effective new drugs and screening would make hepatitis C a rare disease by 2036, according to a computer simulation conducted by The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. Computer simulation forecasts favorable trends in eradicating hepatitis C - Read more

Weakness of leukemic stem cells discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Petri dish with a tube of blood [05/08/2014] Despite improved therapy, only one out of every two adult patients survive acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). A team of Frankfurt-based researchers discovered that these cells do have a weakness: The enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) plays a significant role in the survival of leukaemic AML stem cells. Weakness of leukemic stem cells discovered - Read more

New genetic risk markers in pancreatic cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of a pancreas [04/08/2014] A large DNA analysis of people with and without pancreatic cancer has identified several new genetic markers that signal increased risk of developing the highly lethal disease, report scientists from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.New genetic risk markers in pancreatic cancer - Read more

Quick blood test for malaria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood samples in a ADVIA lab automation [04/08/2014] Siemens is working on a procedure that would allow blood to be routinely tested for malaria. Physicians normally diagnose the tropical disease by using a microscope to search for parasites in blood samples. Quick blood test for malaria - Read more

Booming mobile health app market needs more consumer confidence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Smartphone measures cardiac frequency [01/08/2014] Smart phones and mobile devices are on the cusp of revolutionizing health care, armed with mobile health ("mHealth") apps capable of providing everything from cardiac measurements to sonograms.Booming mobile health app market needs more consumer confidence - Read more

Reducing kidney injury using a quality improvement method

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of a kidney [01/08/2014] Using quality improvement measures in eight of the 10 hospitals in the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group, researchers have found a way to reduce kidney injury in patients undergoing a procedure with contrast dye.Reducing kidney injury using a quality improvement method - Read more

$15 billion annual public funding system for doctor training needs overhaul

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: stethoscope lying on a book [31/07/2014] The U.S. should significantly reform the federal system for financing physician training and residency programs to ensure that the public's $15 billion annual investment is producing the doctors that the nation needs, says a new report by the Institute of Medicine. $15 billion annual public funding system for doctor training needs overhaul - Read more

Acupuncture improves quality of life for breast cancer patients using aromatase inhibitors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Needles in a doll head [31/07/2014] Use of electroacupuncture (EA) – a form of acupuncture where a small electric current is passed between pairs of acupuncture needles – produces significant improvements in fatigue, anxiety and depression in as little as eight weeks for early stage breast cancer patients experiencing joint pain related to the use of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) to treat breast cancer.Acupuncture improves quality of life for breast cancer patients using aromatase inhibitors - Read more

Mysterious esophagus disease is autoimmune after all

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Man holding his chest [30/07/2014] Achalasia is a rare disease – it affects 1 in 100,000 people – characterized by a loss of nerve cells in the esophageal wall. While its cause remains unknown, a new study by a team of researchers at KU Leuven in Belgium, the University of Bonn in Germany and other European institutions confirms for the first time that achalasia is autoimmune in origin. Mysterious esophagus disease is autoimmune after all - Read more

Potential biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: old man thinking [30/07/2014] Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) report variants in a new gene, PLXNA4, which may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The discovery of this novel genetic association may lead to new drug treatment options that target PLXNA4 specifically. Potential biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease - Read more

New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Piled up drugs [29/07/2014] About 100 drugs already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for other purposes can also prevent the growth of certain bacterial pathogens inside human cells, including those that cause Legionnaires' disease, brucellosis, and Mediterranean spotted fever. New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections - Read more

Potential 'universal' blood test for cancer discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood dropping on a test strip [29/07/2014] Researchers from the University of Bradford, UK, have devised a simple blood test that can be used to diagnose whether people have cancer or not. The test will enable doctors to rule out cancer in patients presenting with certain symptoms, saving time and preventing costly and unnecessary invasive procedures such as colonoscopies and biopsies being carried out.Potential 'universal' blood test for cancer discovered - Read more

Breaking down cancer's barrier against treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A cancer cell [28/07/2014] Canser Research UK scientists at Barts Cancer Institute have found that targeting a molecule in blood vessels can make cancer therapy significantly more effective, according to a new research. Breaking down cancer's barrier against treatment - Read more

One step closer to cell therapy for multiple sclerosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Old man in a wheelchair [28/07/2014] Scientists at The New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) Research Institute are one step closer to creating a viable cell replacement therapy for multiple sclerosis from a patient's own cells.One step closer to cell therapy for multiple sclerosis - Read more

Monitoring pulse after stroke may prevent second stroke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Person measuring another one's pulse [25/07/2014] New research suggests that regularly monitoring your pulse after a stroke or the pulse of a loved one who has experienced a stroke may be a simple and effective first step in detecting irregular heartbeat, a major cause of having a second stroke.Monitoring pulse after stroke may prevent second stroke - Read more

Statement by Joachim Schäfer, Managing Director of Messe Düsseldorf, concerning COMPAMED 2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/07/2014] Medical technology still is among the fastest growing industries worldwide. However, the growth of the demand volume even in emerging markets is less based on volume expansion but more driven by targeted investments in modern systems and procedures. It seems that especially innovation-driven medical technology companies have an advantage here. Statement by Joachim Schäfer, Managing Director of Messe Düsseldorf, concerning COMPAMED 2014 - Read more

Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older couple cycling [25/07/2014] Medicine focuses almost entirely on fighting chronic diseases in a piecemeal fashion as symptoms develop. Instead, more efforts should be directed to promoting interventions that have the potential to prevent multiple chronic diseases and extend healthy lifespans.Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging - Read more

Gene variant: heart disease risk factor for women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Woman holding her heart [24/07/2014] Historically, it was thought that heart disease was a men's-only disease, however, data has shown that post-menopausal women are just as likely as men to get heart disease and are less likely to be adequately diagnosed and treated. New research from Western University brings to light a genetic basis for heart disease in women and helps to identify which women are more prone to heart disease.Gene variant: heart disease risk factor for women - Read more

Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A dust mite [24/07/2014] If you’re allergic to dust mites (and chances are you are), help may be on the way. Researchers at the University of Iowa have developed a vaccine that can combat dust-mite allergies by naturally switching the body’s immune response. Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies - Read more

Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: Sign advertizing organ donation [23/07/2014] Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles - Read more

Preventing foodborne illness, naturally - with cinnamon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of yellow cinnamon oil [23/07/2014] Seeking ways to prevent some of the most serious foodborne illnesses caused by pathogenic bacteria, two Washington State University scientists have found promise in an ancient but common cooking spice: cinnamon.Preventing foodborne illness, naturally - with cinnamon - Read more

Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Helical trajectory followed by swimming bacterial cells [22/07/2014] When it comes to swimming, the bodies of some bacteria are more than just dead weight, according to new research from Brown University.Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers - Read more

Human platelets from next-generation bioreactor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A woman donating blood [22/07/2014] Scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have developed a scalable, next-generation platelet bioreactor to generate fully functional human platelets in vitro. The work is a major biomedical advancement that will help address blood transfusion needs worldwide.Human platelets from next-generation bioreactor - Read more

More people in the UK complaining about their doctors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A man is throwing a complaint in a box [21/07/2014] Report analyses the rise in doctor fitness to practice complaints made by the public to the General Medical Council.More people in the UK complaining about their doctors - Read more

New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of a HIV virus [21/07/2014] The most critical barrier for curing HIV-1 infection is the presence of the viral reservoir, the cells in which the HIV virus can lie dormant for many years and avoid elimination by antiretroviral drugs. Very little has been known about when and where the viral reservoir is established during acute HIV-1 infection, or the extent to which it is susceptible to early antiretroviral therapy (ART).New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir - Read more

World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Face of a young woman [21/07/2014] Look twice first and then act! This year’s World Hepatitis Day takes place under the motto “Think again.” World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2014 - Read more

Antivirals underprescribed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Doctor who explains the use of medicine to her patient [18/07/2014] Patients likely to benefit the most from antiviral therapy for influenza were prescribed these drugs infrequently during the 2012-2013 influenza season, while antibiotics may have been overprescribed. The findings suggest more efforts are needed to educate clinicians about the appropriate use of antivirals and antibiotics in the outpatient setting.Antivirals underprescribed - Read more

Death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Look inside an ambulance [18/07/2014] When a medical emergency strikes, our gut tells us to get to the nearest hospital quickly. But a new study suggests that busier emergency centers may actually give the best chance of surviving – especially for people suffering life-threatening medical crises.Death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers - Read more

Cases of superbug significantly rise in southeastern US

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse and patient at intensive care unit [17/07/2014] Cases of the highly contagious, drug-resistant bacteria, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), have increased fivefold in community hospitals in the Southeastern United States, according to a new study.Cases of superbug significantly rise in southeastern US - Read more

Study maps EU school food policies for the first time

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: School children eating lunch together [17/07/2014] As part of the European Commission's efforts to help reduce childhood obesity, the Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre (JRC), has published the first comprehensive report on school food policies in Europe.Study maps EU school food policies for the first time - Read more

3D printed anatomy marks a new era for medical training

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Anatomy of the upper part of the body [16/07/2014] The creators of a unique kit containing anatomical body parts produced by 3D printing say it will revolutionize medical education and training, especially in countries where cadaver use is problematical. 3D printed anatomy marks a new era for medical training - Read more

Teaching the brain to reduce pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A foot about to step on needles [16/07/2014] People can be conditioned to feel less pain when they hear a neutral sound, new research from the University of Luxembourg has found. This lends weight to the idea that we can learn to use mind-over-matter to beat pain.Teaching the brain to reduce pain - Read more

Researchers invent nanotech microchip to diagnose type-1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Woman who syringes insulin [15/07/2014] An inexpensive, portable, microchip-based test for diagnosing type-1 diabetes could improve patient care worldwide and help researchers better understand the disease, according to the device's inventors at the Stanford University School of Medicine.Researchers invent nanotech microchip to diagnose type-1 diabetes - Read more

Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood under microscope [15/07/2014] The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step further. A group led by University of Wisconsin-Madison stem cell researcher Igor Slukvin reports the discovery of two genetic programs responsible for taking blank-slate stem cells and turning them into both red and the array of white cells that make up human blood.Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood - Read more

Electronic health records make clinical trials less expensive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A medical team using electronic health records [14/07/2014] Using electronic health records to understand the best available treatment for patients, from a range of possible options, is more efficient and less costly for taxpayers than the existing clinical trial process, a new study shows.Electronic health records make clinical trials less expensive - Read more

Injected vaccine could help eradicate polio

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: a syringe is filled with vaccine [14/07/2014] Re-introducing a type of polio vaccine that fell out of favor in the 1960s could hasten eradication of the disease, according to new research. The study suggests that the injected polio vaccine (IPV) could provide better and longer lasting protection against infection if used in combination with the more commonly used live oral polio vaccine (OPV). Injected vaccine could help eradicate polio - Read more

Protein pushes breast cancer cells to metastasize

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Precaution against breastcancer with mammography [11/07/2014] Using an innovative tool that captures heretofore hidden ways that cells are regulated, scientists at Rockefeller University have identified a protein that makes breast cancer cells more likely to metastasize.Protein pushes breast cancer cells to metastasize - Read more

Study reveals protective role for specialized cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Professor David Lo with a student [11/07/2014] Research in the UCR School of Medicine laboratory of David Lo found that certain cells of the epithelium have a potentially important role in immune surveillance – creating an electrostatic repulsion field to microbial invasion.Study reveals protective role for specialized cells - Read more

Blocking cells' movement to stop the spread of cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: cell [10/07/2014] Insights into how cells move through the body could lead to innovative techniques to stop cancer cells from spreading and causing secondary tumors, according to new UCL research. Scientists discovered that cells can change into an invasive, liquid-like state to readily navigate the narrow channels in our body. Blocking cells' movement to stop the spread of cancer - Read more

Malaria: New details about an old pathogen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Mosquito stings and transfers malaria [10/07/2014] A previously unknown type of gene regulation involving the malaria pathogen has been discovered by an international team of researchers. Scientists from the University of Würzburg were among the party. It remains to be seen whether the discovery will lead to the development of new drugs. Malaria: New details about an old pathogen - Read more

Metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: a microscope with which DNA is examined [09/07/2014] A research team at the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta have discovered a new way by which metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA, the basis of our genetic code. The findings may have important implications for the understanding of many common diseases, including cancer.Metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA - Read more

Parkinson‘s disease: genetic defect triggers damages in neurons

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Change of the brain at Parkinson's patients [09/07/2014] Genetic variants in a gene referred to as GBA1 (glucocerebrosidase) are associated to an increased risk for Parkinson’s. Researchers of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) and the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research have now pinpointed the consequences that genetic variations in GBA1 have on neurons.Parkinson‘s disease: genetic defect triggers damages in neurons - Read more

Finding real value in big data for public health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: An asian woman holding Big Data in her hands [08/07/2014] Media reports of public health breakthroughs made possible by big data have been largely oversold, according to a new study.Finding real value in big data for public health - Read more

Regular nutrition screenings in geriatric health assessment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man eating a pear [08/07/2014] As older adults typically have one or more chronic health conditions that can affect dietary intake, malnutrition has been identified as a serious problem. This has given rise to the recommendation that nutrition screenings be a mandatory part of the comprehensive geriatric analysis (CGA).Regular nutrition screenings in geriatric health assessment - Read more

'Nanojuice' could improve how doctors examine the gut

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of coloured nanjuice [07/07/2014] It may help diagnose irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease and other gastrointestinal illnesses.'Nanojuice' could improve how doctors examine the gut - Read more

Researchers uncover new knowledge about our intestines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the interstines and small intestines [07/07/2014] Researchers from DTU Systems Biology have mapped 500 previously unknown microorganisms in human intestinal flora as well as 800 also unknown bacterial viruses, also called bacteriophages, which attack intestinal bacteria.Researchers uncover new knowledge about our intestines - Read more

New health services needed for rise in 100-year-olds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Old Asian woman smiling [04/07/2014] Over 35,000 people lived to 100 years or more in England over the last ten years, with a large proportion subsequently dying from frailty exacerbated by pneumonia, according to a new study by King's College London. With the number of centenarians set to grow, end-of-life care needs to be tailored to the increasing frailty in this age group, warn the King's palliative care researchers.New health services needed for rise in 100-year-olds - Read more

New tool helps guide brain cancer surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mass spectrometer [04/07/2014] A tool to help brain surgeons test and more precisely remove cancerous tissue was successfully used during surgery, according to a Purdue University and Brigham and Women's Hospital study.New tool helps guide brain cancer surgery - Read more

Hepatitis C may help transplant patients adapt to new liver

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:  Liver [03/07/2014] Transplant patients can develop tolerance to new livers even if they have hepatitis C, according to a new study led by King’s College London and the University of Barcelona. Contrary to what was previously thought, infected patients are not at greater risk of organ rejection and their heightened immune response may actually help the body to adapt to a new liver. Hepatitis C may help transplant patients adapt to new liver - Read more

Seeing your true colors: standards for hyperspectral imaging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hyperspectral imaging [03/07/2014] Today, doctors who really want to see if a wound is healing have to do a biopsy or some other invasive technique that can really only offer information about a small area. A technology called hyperspectral imaging offers doctors a noninvasive, painless way to discriminate between healthy and diseased tissue.Seeing your true colors: standards for hyperspectral imaging - Read more

Efforts to cut unnecessary blood testing bring major decreases in health care spending

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:  Glass tube filled with blood [02/07/2014] Researchers at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center used two relatively simple tactics to significantly reduce the number of unnecessary blood tests to assess symptoms of heart attack and chest pain and to achieve a large decrease in patient charges.Efforts to cut unnecessary blood testing bring major decreases in health care spending - Read more

Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Parents playing with their daughter [02/07/2014] Parents who have a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are about one third less likely to have more children than families without an affected child, according to a study led by a UC San Francisco researcher.Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids - Read more

Bionic pancreas controls blood sugar levels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Components of the bionic pancreas [01/07/2014] The latest version of a bionic pancreas device has been successfully tested in two five-day clinical trials – one in adults, the other in adolescents – that imposed minimal restrictions on patient activities.Bionic pancreas controls blood sugar levels - Read more

Most people with type 1 diabetes do not use diabetes devices to get long-term data

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring blood sugar [01/07/2014] Almost 70 percent of adults with Type 1 diabetes never use their blood glucose self-monitoring devices or insulin pumps to download historical data about their blood sugar levels and insulin doses – information that likely would help them manage their disease better. These new survey results show that only 12 percent of patients regularly review their past glucose and insulin pump data at home.Most people with type 1 diabetes do not use diabetes devices to get long-term data - Read more

MEDICA 2014: “Live-cell therapy” for the conference program is continuing - preview report

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/06/2014] The planning for the world’s largest medical trade show, MEDICA 2014 (November 12 – 15), in Düsseldorf is already running at “full power”. The course of exhibitor registrations shows once again that more than 4,500 exhibitors from around 65 nations will be expected to participate. MEDICA 2014: “Live-cell therapy” for the conference program is continuing - preview report - Read more

Researchers call for patients who receive home nutritional care to have emergency plans

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two men lock a window with wood [30/06/2014] On the heels of the 2014 hurricane season, researchers are calling for home parenteral and enteral nutrition (HPEN) consumers and their homecare providers to have a comprehensive emergency preparedness plan (EPP) to ensure that special needs are met during the time of a disaster. Researchers call for patients who receive home nutritional care to have emergency plans - Read more

TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medical Report Tuberculosis written on a typewriter [30/06/2014] Tuberculosis infection among people taking corticosteroid pills may be underestimated, new research suggests. Current guidelines for what constitutes a positive TB skin test among corticosteroid pill users may not be capturing all those who are infected, said Dr. Nicholas Vozoris, a respirologist in the Tuberculosis Program at St. Michael's Hospital. TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills - Read more

Air pollution controls linked to lower death rates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A powerplant during nighttime [27/06/2014] National and state air pollution controls that went into effect in the early 1990s coincide with decreasing death rates from emphysema, asthma and pneumonia among people in North Carolina, according to a study led by Duke University researchers.Air pollution controls linked to lower death rates - Read more

Chemical strategy hints at better drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man taking drops from a drug bottle [27/06/2014] By swapping replacement parts into the backbone of a synthetic hormone, UW–Madison graduate student Ross Cheloha and his mentor, Sam Gellman, have built a version of a parathyroid hormone that resists degradation in laboratory mice.Chemical strategy hints at better drugs - Read more

eHealth may help prevent HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphone in the hands of a man [26/06/2014] While many HIV prevention interventions have traditionally been delivered face-to-face, a study from Columbia University School of Nursing suggests that digital outreach efforts delivered via text messages, interactive games, chat rooms, and social networks may be an effective way to reach at-risk younger men.eHealth may help prevent HIV - Read more

Immune system: not even cell death can stop the alarm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Confocal microscopy image of macrophages [26/06/2014] Even after a cell dies, components of the immune system remain active and continue to fuel inflammatory reactions. An international team of researchers under the direction of scientists from the Institute of Innate Immunity at the University Hospital of Bonn has discovered how this incredible form of communication works.Immune system: not even cell death can stop the alarm - Read more

Dementia: long-term care must be improved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an older patient's hand [25/06/2014] As millions of Americans struggle to help loved ones with dementia, policymakers should consider more ways to improve long-term services and supports for the soaring numbers of people with the debilitating condition and their caregivers, a new RAND Corporation study says.Dementia: long-term care must be improved - Read more

Mediterranean diet: children less likely to be overweight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mediterranean fish dish [25/06/2014] A study of eight European countries shows that children consuming a diet more in line with the rules of the Mediterranean one are 15% less likely to be overweight or obese than those children who do not.Mediterranean diet: children less likely to be overweight - Read more

Nanoscale composites improve MRI

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Silicon mesoporous particles, aka SiMPS [24/06/2014] Submicroscopic particles that contain even smaller particles of iron oxide could make magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a far more powerful tool to detect and fight disease.Nanoscale composites improve MRI - Read more

New hybrid circuit for future electronics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hybrid CNT/IGZO circuits [24/06/2014] A new flexible and energy-efficient hybrid circuit using carbon nanotubes has big implications for the future of electronics.New hybrid circuit for future electronics - Read more

Automating laboratory-on-a-chip to cut health-care costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Digital Microfluidic BioChip [23/06/2014] Computer programming language automates "laboratory-on-a-chip" technologies and has potential to improve and reduce cost of healthcare.Automating laboratory-on-a-chip to cut health-care costs - Read more

For cancer patients, new tool predicts financial pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Empty pockets [23/06/2014] Cancer care has a new side effect. Along with the distress that comes with a cancer diagnosis and the discomforts of treatment, more patients now have to deal with "financial toxicity," the expense, anxiety and loss of confidence confronting those who face large, unpredictable costs, often compounded by decreased ability to work.For cancer patients, new tool predicts financial pain - Read more

Hope for medical imaging? With light echoes, the invisible becomes visible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Images of a MRI [20/06/2014] Scientists at the University of Bonn and the University of British Columbia (Vancouver, Canada) have developed a novel camera system which can see around the corner without using a mirror. Using diffusely reflected light, it reconstructs the shape of objects outside of the field of view. Hope for medical imaging? With light echoes, the invisible becomes visible - Read more

Monitor for glaucoma: Sensor in eye could track pressure changes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the final device [20/06/2014] University of Washington engineers have designed a low-power sensor that could be placed permanently in a person’s eye to track hard-to-measure changes in eye pressure. The sensor would be embedded with an artificial lens during cataract surgery and would detect pressure changes instantaneously, then transmit the data wirelessly using radio frequency waves.Monitor for glaucoma: Sensor in eye could track pressure changes - Read more

Combining treatments boosts some smokers' ability to quit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hands breaking a cigarette [18/06/2014] Combining two smoking cessation therapies is more effective than using just one for male and highly nicotine-dependent smokers who weren't initially helped by the nicotine patch, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.Combining treatments boosts some smokers' ability to quit - Read more

Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bowel [18/06/2014] Fecal microbiota transplantation --- the process of delivering stool bacteria from a healthy donor to a patient suffering from intestinal infection with the bacterium Clostridium difficile --- works by restoring healthy bacteria and functioning to the recipient's gut, according to a study published this week.Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions - Read more

Blood product sterilization taken too far?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of blood [17/06/2014] Certain processes used to sterilize blood products could potentially cause serious health issues in transfusion recipients, according to an international study led by Dr. Patrick Provost of Université Laval's Faculty of Medicine and the CHU de Québec Research Center.Blood product sterilization taken too far? - Read more

Right rehabilitation lets paralyzed rats grip again

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Grasping sequence of rats in comparison [17/06/2014] After a large stroke, motor skills barely improve, even with rehabilitation. An experiment conducted on rats demonstrates that a course of therapy combining the stimulation of nerve fiber growth with drugs and motor training can be successful.Right rehabilitation lets paralyzed rats grip again - Read more

Caffeine affects boys and girls differently after puberty

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Different cups of coffee [16/06/2014] Caffeine intake by children and adolescents has been rising for decades, due in large part to the popularity of caffeinated sodas and energy drinks, which now are marketed to children as young as four. Despite this, there is little research on the effects of caffeine on young people. Caffeine affects boys and girls differently after puberty - Read more

Recreational soccer can treat type 2 diabetes patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older men playing soccer [16/06/2014] Studies show that 24 weeks of twice-weekly recreational soccer training sessions lower blood pressure and improves heart function in men with high blood pressure and men with type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, men with type 2 diabetes lost 12 percent of their abdominal fat and reduced their blood sugar 20 percent more than inactive control subjects.Recreational soccer can treat type 2 diabetes patients - Read more

Infant nutrition and development of type 1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man feeding an infant with a bottle [13/06/2014] Splitting the cow’s milk proteins in a formula does not prevent the start-up of the disease process of type 1 diabetes in predisposed children, shows a large international study. However, these results do not exclude the possibility that the early dietary modification may affect the latter phase in the disease process and so prevent the actual illness.Infant nutrition and development of type 1 diabetes - Read more

Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging low for most children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an infant and looking at X-rays [13/06/2014] Children with heart disease are exposed to low levels of radiation during X-rays, which do not significantly raise their lifetime cancer risk. However, children who undergo repeated complex imaging tests that deliver higher doses of radiation may have a slightly increased lifetime risk of cancer, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging low for most children - Read more

A paralyzed person to kick off the World Cup

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Gordon Cheng with CellulARSkin [12/06/2014] According to researchers in the Walk Again Project, all systems are go for a bold demonstration of neuroscience and cognitive technology in action: On June 12, during the opening of the FIFA 2014 World Cup in Brazil, a paralyzed person wearing a brain-controlled robotic exoskeleton is expected to make the first kick of the football championship.A paralyzed person to kick off the World Cup - Read more

How to make statewide health campaigns more effective

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Scales with a stethoscope [12/06/2014] Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found that adding evidence-based weight loss strategies to a statewide wellness campaign improves weight loss outcomes among participants.How to make statewide health campaigns more effective - Read more

Disinfection caps successful in CLABSI prevention

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand of a hospital patient with a central line [11/06/2014] Thanks to the simple use of an alcohol-impregnated cap, Loyola University Medical Center achieved a 68 percent decrease in the overall number of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) over a 12-month period.Disinfection caps successful in CLABSI prevention - Read more

Multiple sclerosis: new description and understanding

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A tablet showing the words [11/06/2014] Multiple sclerosis manifests itself in many different ways and different courses. A recent effort to fine-tune descriptions – or phenotypes – of MS was undertaken by an international team of leaders in MS research and clinical care.Multiple sclerosis: new description and understanding - Read more

Appeal of well-being applications often short-lived

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphone and three small meals [10/06/2014] According to a doctoral thesis by Kirsikka Kaipainen from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, online and mobile applications for stress management and healthy eating reach a large number of users but their appeal tends to be short-lived.Appeal of well-being applications often short-lived - Read more

Making artificial vision look more natural

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye overlaid with transparent images [10/06/2014] In laboratory tests, researchers have used electrical stimulation of retinal cells to produce the same patterns of activity that occur when the retina sees a moving object. Although more work remains, this is a step toward restoring natural, high-fidelity vision to blind people, the researchers say.Making artificial vision look more natural - Read more

Night owls may be more sedentary, less motivated to exercise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Owl at night [06/06/2014] A new study suggests that night owls are more sedentary and feel that they have a harder time maintaining an exercise schedule.Night owls may be more sedentary, less motivated to exercise - Read more

Researchers move small-molecule drugs through blood-brain barrier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Head made of jigsaws [06/06/2014] Researchers at Mayo Clinic have demonstrated in a mouse model that their recently developed synthetic peptide carrier is a potential delivery vehicle for brain cancer chemotherapy drugs and other neurological medications.Researchers move small-molecule drugs through blood-brain barrier - Read more

Relief to glaucoma patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [05/06/2014] Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and the Singapore Eye Research Institute (SERI) have jointly developed a new nanomedicine that will allow glaucoma patients to do away with daily eye drops.Relief to glaucoma patients - Read more

Saturated fat intake may influence a person's expression of genetic obesity risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Butter [05/06/2014] Limiting saturated fat could help people whose genetic make-up increases their chance of being obese. Saturated fat intake may influence a person's expression of genetic obesity risk - Read more