Main content of this page

Anchor links to the different areas of information in this page:

You are here: MEDICA Portal. Magazine & More. MEDICA Magazine.

Articles

Complex pathogens

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: green Helicobacter pylori [09/02/2016] Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium colonising the stomach, has a bad reputation: It is said to cause gastritis, stomach ulcers and, in the long run, even cancer. And yet, it seems the bacterium could also have some positive effects. A team of scientists from Graz and New York examined the impact of a Helicobacter infection on the stomach, intestines and lungs over a period of six months. Complex pathogens - Read more

More detailed analysis of how cells react to stress

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: blue points with red spots on black background [09/02/2016] Stress in the body’s cells is both the cause and consequence of inflammatory diseases or cancer. The cells react to stress to protect themselves. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now developed a new technique that allows studying a fundamental response to stress in much more detail than previously possible: the ADP-ribosylation of chromatin. More detailed analysis of how cells react to stress - Read more

New target for the treatment of fatty liver disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: fatty liver [08/02/2016] Two proteins, p38 gamma and p38 delta, control the accumulation of fat in the liver, a process linked to the development of insulin resistance and diabetes, which are common outcomes of obesity. The study, led by Dr. Guadalupe Sabio, shows that inhibition of these proteins with specific inhibitors has potential as a treatment for fatty liver disease.New target for the treatment of fatty liver disease - Read more

Researchers uncover new piece of the HIV puzzle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: HIV-puzzle [08/02/2016] A research project headed by Henrik Kloeverpris, a postdoc at the Department of Immunology and Microbiology at the University of Copenhagen, shows that the so-called ILCs - a component of the immune system crucial to maintaining immune system balance - are destroyed in patients infected with HIV. This study highlights the importance of early treatment during an acute HIV infection. Researchers uncover new piece of the HIV puzzle - Read more

Biomolecule's behavior: artificial vs natural conditions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: RNA hairpin [05/02/2016] Researchers often analyse isolated biomolecules in test tubes, and it is doubtful if the results can be applied to densely-packed cells. A team from Bochum, Dortmund and Greifswald monitored the folding of an RNA structure in the living cell and compared the results with those of test tube analyses.Biomolecule's behavior: artificial vs natural conditions - Read more

Disruptions to embryonic reprogramming alter adult mouse behavior

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: One and two cell mouse embryos [05/02/2016] When the process of epigenetic reprogramming is defective in mouse development, the consequences in adulthood can include abnormal repetitive behaviors, scientists have shown.Disruptions to embryonic reprogramming alter adult mouse behavior - Read more

Novel nanoparticle may help keep tumor growth at bay

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Word Nanotechnology in blue [04/02/2016] Engineers at Washington University in St. Louis found a way to keep a cancerous tumor from growing by using nanoparticles of the main ingredient in common antacid tablets.Novel nanoparticle may help keep tumor growth at bay - Read more

Portable method to detect tainted medicines and supplements

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Soumyajit Mandal from Case Western Reserve University [04/02/2016] A researcher at Case Western Reserve University is developing a low-cost, portable prototype designed to detect tainted medicines and food supplements that otherwise can make their way to consumers. The technology can authenticate good medicines and supplements.Portable method to detect tainted medicines and supplements - Read more

Basic science is disappearing from medical journals

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Puzzle with missing piece [03/02/2016] A new study has found a steep decline in the number of scholarly papers about basic science published in leading medical journals in the last 20 years. Basic science is disappearing from medical journals - Read more

From mother to child: passing on disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child in Africa sitting on a bed [03/02/2016] University of Iowa researchers warn doctors about two vector-borne diseases that can be passed from mother to child.From mother to child: passing on disease - Read more

Robotic fingers with a gentle touch

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: roboter hand holding an egg [02/02/2016] EPFL scientists have invented a new soft gripper that uses electroadhesion: flexible electrode flaps that act like a thumb-index duo. It can pick up fragile objects of arbitrary shape and stiffness, like an egg, a water balloon or paper. Robotic fingers with a gentle touch - Read more

Schizophrenia: brains of patients vary

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Human Brain [02/02/2016] An international team, made up of researchers from the University of Granada, Washington University in St. Louis, and the University of South Florida, has linked the symptoms of schizophrenia with the anatomical characteristics of the brain, by employing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Schizophrenia: brains of patients vary - Read more

Imaging tool maps cells' composition in 3-D

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Researcher uses experimental instrument [01/02/2016] A one-of-a-kind instrument built at CSU lets scientists map cellular composition in three dimensions at the nanoscale, allowing researchers to watch how cells respond to new medications at the most minute level ever observed.Imaging tool maps cells' composition in 3-D - Read more

Nanosheet growth technique could revolutionize nanomaterial production

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Nanosheet image [01/02/2016] A group of University of Wisconsin-Madison materials scientists believe the tiny sheets of the semiconductor zinc oxide they're growing could have huge implications for the future of a host of electronic and biomedical devices.Nanosheet growth technique could revolutionize nanomaterial production - Read more

High-rise buildings: lower survival rates from cardiac arrest

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Staircase [29/01/2016] The number of people living in high-rise buildings in rising, but along with the convenience and panoramic views of a downtown condo comes a risk: a new study found that survival rates from cardiac arrest decrease the higher up the building a person lives.High-rise buildings: lower survival rates from cardiac arrest - Read more

Targeted drug delivery to fight tumors and local infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand in front of a red light lamp [29/01/2016] Some drug regimens, such as those designed to eliminate tumors, are notorious for nasty side effects. Unwanted symptoms are often the result of medicine going where it is not needed and harming healthy cells.Targeted drug delivery to fight tumors and local infections - Read more

Cells from cow knee joints to grow new cartilage tissue

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pink lump of cartilage [28/01/2016] In an effort to develop a method for cartilage tissue engineering, researchers at Umeå University in Sweden successfully used cartilage cells from cow knee joints. By creating a successful method with conditions conducive to growing healthy cartilage tissue, the findings could help lead to a new treatment cure for osteoarthritis using stem cell-based tissue engineering.Cells from cow knee joints to grow new cartilage tissue - Read more

Medical journals propose mandate on clinical data sharing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Finger presses [28/01/2016] The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) proposes new rules that will require authors to share clinical trial data as a prerequisite for their manuscripts to be considered for publication.Medical journals propose mandate on clinical data sharing - Read more

Guidelines for personalized cancer treatment plans

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The words [27/01/2016] A committee of national experts, led by a Cleveland Clinic researcher, has established first-of-its-kind guidelines to promote more accurate and individualized cancer predictions, guiding more precise treatment and leading to improved patient survival rates and outcomes.Guidelines for personalized cancer treatment plans - Read more

Melatonin could be of use for preventing sepsis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Word and formula of melatonin written on paper [27/01/2016] In a research work carried out in mice, researchers from the University of Granada have managed to decode the immune response present in sepsis and to identify the therapeutic targets of melatonin in it.Melatonin could be of use for preventing sepsis - Read more

Light-activated nanoparticles effective against superbugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Spherical MRSA bacteria [26/01/2016] In the ever-escalating evolutionary battle with drug-resistant bacteria, humans may soon have a leg up thanks to adaptive, light-activated nanotherapy developed by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder.Light-activated nanoparticles effective against superbugs - Read more

Linking nursing and dentistry

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smiling dentist from a patient's point of view [26/01/2016] Northeastern researchers are bringing nursing and dental students together to put into practice the role that oral health plays in overall health. A research team led by Maria Dolce, an associate professor in the School of Nursing at Northeastern, will make that idea a reality.Linking nursing and dentistry - Read more

Robotic arm for Duchenne patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young man with a robotic aid around his arm [25/01/2016] Researchers from the University of Twente's MIRA research centre, together with the VUmc, TU Delft and the Radboud umc, have developed the A-Gear: a robotic arm that can support the daily activities of people suffering the muscular disease Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.Robotic arm for Duchenne patients - Read more

USA: cancer death rate continues steady drop

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Outlines of USA filled with cigarettes [25/01/2016] Steady reductions in smoking combined with advances in cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment have resulted in a 23% drop in the cancer death rate since its peak in 1991. The drop translates to more than 1.7 million cancer deaths averted through 2012.USA: cancer death rate continues steady drop - Read more

53 genes responsible for kidney functionality discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Human kidney [22/01/2016] By analysing genetic data from 175,000 people, geneticists at the European Academy of Bolzano (EURAC) have now discovered and distinguished 53 genes related to kidney functionality and development. These findings represent an important step in creating an "ID card" for the organ responsible for purifying our blood, while opening up new perspectives for the treatment of kidney failure.53 genes responsible for kidney functionality discovered - Read more

Exact pol(e) position

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Polymerase [22/01/2016] Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München, working with colleagues from the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, have developed a method for the thorough analysis of protein modifications. They mapped the phosphorylation sites of the RNA polymerase II enzyme, which is responsible for expressing our genes. The results have now been published in the "Molecular Cell" scientific journal.Exact pol(e) position - Read more

New approach to tackle haemophilia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor is taking blood from patient [21/01/2016] Fighting haemophilia A, a bleeding disorder, with the body's own cells: That is the goal of a new international research consortium led by scientists from Würzburg. The EU funds the project with around 5.5 million euro. New approach to tackle haemophilia - Read more

Thwarting abnormal neural development with a new mutation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Kinesin Mutants [21/01/2016] Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered how to reverse the abnormal axonal development characteristic of CFEOM3, a congenital disease that affects the muscles that control eye movements. Published in "Nature Communications", the work shows how creating a specific mutation rescued abnormal axonal growth in the developing mouse brain.Thwarting abnormal neural development with a new mutation - Read more

Biophysicists measure "wriggle" of red blood cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Brown monitoring grid with directional arrows [20/01/2016] For the first time and using physical methods, scientists have demonstrated how red blood cells move. They recognized that fast molecules in the vicinity make the cell membrane in the blood cells wriggle but that the cells themselves also become active when they have enough reaction time. The study was published in "Nature Physics".Biophysicists measure "wriggle" of red blood cells - Read more

Important Regulator of Immune System Decoded

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Cross section through a plasma cell [20/01/2016] Plasma cells play a key role in our immune system. Now scientists at the Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) in Vienna, Austria, and at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute (WEHI) in Melbourne, Australia, succeeded in characterizing a central regulator of plasma cell function. The results of both teams are published in two back-to-back papers in "Nature Immunology" today.Important Regulator of Immune System Decoded - Read more

Easier diagnosis for fungal infection of the lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: female doctor with the scan of a lung [19/01/2016] A new clinical imaging method developed in collaboration with a University of Exeter academic may enable doctors to tackle one of the main killers of patients with weakened immune systems sooner and more effectively. The spores of the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus are tiny, everywhere in the air and breathed in by humans every day. Easier diagnosis for fungal infection of the lungs - Read more

Weekend catch-up sleep can reduce diabetes risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: sleep study in process [19/01/2016] Two consecutive nights of extended sleep, a typical weekend occurrence, appears to counteract the increased risk of diabetes associated with short-term sleep restriction during the work week, at least in lean, healthy, young men eating a controlled diet. Weekend catch-up sleep can reduce diabetes risk - Read more

Atrial fibrillation ablation: Gap-AF trial published

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: electrocardiogram [18/01/2016] Using catheter ablation to create complete linear lesions around pulmonary veins, proved more effective than the creation of incomplete lesions in preventing recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF). This is the result of Gap-AF – AFNET 1, the first controlled clinical trial that compared directly the two ablation strategies in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.Atrial fibrillation ablation: Gap-AF trial published - Read more

Changes in brain connectivity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Functional MRI scans [18/01/2016] Many negative consequences are linked to growing up poor, and researchers at Washington University St. Louis have identified one more: altered brain connectivity.Changes in brain connectivity - Read more

Regrowing functional joints in frogs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: European green tree frog [15/01/2016] In a first, Japanese researchers have regenerated functional joints in frogs by activating a newly-found "reintegration" mechanism. Further understanding of this process may help transplanted tissues integrate with the original organs and limbs after surgical removal or amputation.Regrowing functional joints in frogs - Read more

Tracking the path of chemotherapy in real time

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: man having chemotherapy [15/01/2016] Tracking the path of chemotherapy drugs in real time and at a cellular level could revolutionize cancer care and help doctors sort out why two patients might respond differently to the same treatment.Tracking the path of chemotherapy in real time - Read more

Lung cell acting as sensor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: pulmonary neuroendocrine cells in red [14/01/2016] An uncommon and little-studied type of cell in the lungs has been found to act like a sensor, linking the pulmonary and central nervous systems to regulate immune response in reaction to environmental cues.Lung cell acting as sensor - Read more

The cellular trash bag

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Atg9-vesicles [14/01/2016] In autophagy, the process responsible for recycling waste in cells, molecular waste bags are produced. As now reported scientists have identified a molecular glue that sticks small lipid vesicles, the building blocks for the waste bags, together. Autophagy helps cancer cells survive chemotherapy treatment. The cellular trash bag - Read more

Squeezing cells into stem cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: scheme of a cell emerging in a 3-D gel [13/01/2016] École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) scientists have developed a new method that turns cells into stem cells by "squeezing" them. The method paves the way for large-scale production of stem cells for medical purposes.Squeezing cells into stem cells - Read more

Why nerve cells die

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: protein aggregates under the microscope [13/01/2016] For many years researchers have observed protein deposits, also called aggregates, in the brains of patients with Alzheimer’s or Huntington’s disease. These aggregates are suspected to contribute to the death of nerve cells. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried have now shown that the location of aggregates influences the survival of cells. Why nerve cells die - Read more

Biomarker can predict risk of preterm birth from first half of pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: fetus in the uterus [12/01/2016] Offering a standard biomarker test earlier in pregnancy could potentially help doctors to better identify women at risk of giving birth prematurely, thus enabling health services to focus treatments on women at highest risk, according to a new study led by King's College London.Biomarker can predict risk of preterm birth from first half of pregnancy - Read more

Reducing radiation risk from digital screening mammography

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: physician holding x-ray image of a breast [12/01/2016] In a comprehensive modeling study, researchers from UC Davis and other institutions have found that breast cancer screening with digital mammography poses only a small risk of radiation-induced breast cancer for most women. However, the research showed increased risk for women with large breasts or breast implants, who must often receive extra screening views, increasing their radiation exposure. Reducing radiation risk from digital screening mammography - Read more

Injectable agent illuminates cancer during surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: syringe is filled with agent [11/01/2016] Doctors at the Duke University School of Medicine have tested a new injectable agent that causes cancer cells in a tumor to fluoresce, potentially increasing a surgeon’s ability to locate and remove all of a cancerous tumor on the first attempt. The imaging technology was developed through collaboration with scientists at Duke, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Lumicell Inc.Injectable agent illuminates cancer during surgery - Read more

Using skin to save the heart

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: red heart cells [11/01/2016] Following a heart attack or other heart trauma, the heart is unable to replace its dead cells. Patients are often left with little option other than heart transplants, which are rarely available, or more recently cell therapies that transplant heart cells into the patient's heart.Using skin to save the heart - Read more

Children's ADHD symptoms and peer relationships influence each other over time

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy being bullyied by other kids [08/01/2016] Children with ADHD are often restless, inattentive, and impulsive, and they have difficulty with social functioning, often having fewer friends and being rejected more than children without ADHD. In a new longitudinal study from Norway, researchers investigated the bidirectional relationship between the development of ADHD symptoms in young children and rejection by peers.Children's ADHD symptoms and peer relationships influence each other over time - Read more

DNA research offers clues on cell mutation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yeast Cells [08/01/2016] A team of researchers from Colorado State University has been studying DNA damage in living cells to learn more about how genetic abnormalities arise.DNA research offers clues on cell mutation - Read more

Quickly identifying tumors by using antibodies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand holding smartphone [07/01/2016] Antibodies combat viruses and bacteria. They also attach themselves to cancer cells – in a typical, characteristic way. Fraunhofer scientists are using this property to detect cancer cells in tissue samples. Such rapid tests can already be applied by surgeons during operations – within a few minutes and without expensive equipment.Quickly identifying tumors by using antibodies - Read more

USA: medical specialties and payments from manufacturers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician with dollar bills in her pocket [07/01/2016] The Physician Payments Sunshine Act, passed under the Affordable Care Act, requires all pharmaceutical and medical device companies to report payments to physicians, including consulting fees, gifts, speaking fees, meals, travel and research grants.USA: medical specialties and payments from manufacturers - Read more

Mainz University installs a new particle accelerator

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Insertion of the zyklotron [06/01/2016] New cyclotron produces radioactive isotopes for nuclear chemistry to be applied in basic research and the development of clinical applications.Mainz University installs a new particle accelerator - Read more

Parkinson’s Disease: New Insights into a Traveling Protein

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: blueprint of human alpha-synuclein [06/01/2016] A laboratory study indicates that one of the main proteins involved in Parkinson’s disease pathology does not behave as a "prion". Researchers led by Prof. Donato Di Monte report on this in the journal "Brain".Parkinson’s Disease: New Insights into a Traveling Protein - Read more

High frequency of spontaneous mutation in Ebola virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Ebola virus in the blood [05/01/2016] In late December, nearly two years after the epidemic began, the World Health Organization has declared the African country of Guinea to be free of Ebola virus infections. But, the race to find a cure and therapies to combat the disease are forging ahead as officials warn that inattention could lead to another epidemic.High frequency of spontaneous mutation in Ebola virus - Read more

Solving the mystery of defective embryos

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mouse embryo [05/01/2016] In a study published today in the journal "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", a Team led by Greg FritzHarris, researcher at CRCHUM and Professor at University of Montreal discovered a new mechanism that may explain why some embryos are not useful for fertility treatment.Solving the mystery of defective embryos - Read more

Genomic mapping with time-series data

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: DNA molecules extended in nano channels [04/01/2016] Researchers at the University of Minnesota and BioNano Genomics have used the physics of DNA in nanochannels to improve genome mapping. Genomic mapping with time-series data - Read more

Strong and flawless 3-D printed ceramics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: this image shows a ceramic spiral created by the additive manufacturing process [04/01/2016] Researchers have developed a way to create ceramics using 3D printing that results in a strong material with little tendency to crack that can be fabricated into complex, curved and porous shapes. Strong and flawless 3-D printed ceramics - Read more

Prostate cancer discovery may make it easier to kill cancer cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: physician explains results to his patient [23/12/2015] A newly discovered connection between two common prostate cancer treatments may soon make prostate cancer cells easier to destroy. Drugs that could capitalize on the discovery are already in the pipeline, and a clinical trial to test whether the finding could improve treatments for prostate cancer patients could be only a few years away.Prostate cancer discovery may make it easier to kill cancer cells - Read more

Telemedicine effective for patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: physician is video chatting with his patient [23/12/2015] More than 50 million Americans live in rural areas, and many have limited access to health care. For someone living far from an urban area, local specialty care for complex health issues is difficult, if not impossible, to obtain. For years, telemedicine programs across the country have connected rural patients to specialists in urban settings. Telemedicine effective for patients - Read more

Cancer rates in high- and low-income countries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Globe surrounded by coin stacks [22/12/2015] Improved screening and detection efforts, combined with decreases in risk factors like smoking, have reduced the incidence and mortality rates from several common types of cancer in many high-income countries.Cancer rates in high- and low-income countries - Read more

New generation of synthetic bone grafts created

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cross section of a bone [22/12/2015] Scientists led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) have developed a new type of synthetic bone graft that boosts the body’s own ability to regenerate bone tissue and could produce better outcomes for patients.New generation of synthetic bone grafts created - Read more

Exceptional care requires patient-driven education

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician explains something to patient [21/12/2015] We have all been there: Sitting in a consultation with a doctor or nurse, jargon gets thrown around, time with the health-care provider is short and, soon after the conversation concludes, you forget half of what you were told.Exceptional care requires patient-driven education - Read more

New test for cancer and diabetes biomarkers 1000x more detailed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Target hit by arrows [21/12/2015] A new test for detecting biomarkers for cancer and diabetes is more than 1000x more detailed and 100% faster than existing methods, new research by the University of Warwick suggests.New test for cancer and diabetes biomarkers 1000x more detailed - Read more

Architecture of mTOR Protein Complex Solved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: mTORC1 [18/12/2015] For a long time it has been known that the protein TOR – Target of Rapamycin – controls cell growth and is involved in the development of diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Researchers at the University of Basel’s Biozentrum together with scientists from ETH Zurich have now examined the structure of mammalian TOR complex 1 (mTORC1) in more detail. Architecture of mTOR Protein Complex Solved - Read more

UZH scientists predict activity of human genes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: double helix [18/12/2015] Genetically identical sibling cells do not always behave the same way. So far this has been attributed to random molecular reactions. Now systems biologists of the University of Zurich have discovered an overlooked consequence of the spatial separation of cells into a nucleus and a cytoplasm. Building on top of this insight they could predict the activity of genes in individual human cells.UZH scientists predict activity of human genes - Read more

Homing treatment could aid recovery for brain damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: green brain [17/12/2015] Cardiff University scientists believe they may have found a way to aid recovery and minimise the risk of life-threatening infections in patients with traumatic brain injuries.Homing treatment could aid recovery for brain damage - Read more

Regenerate neurons in damaged areas of the brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two persons in a labor [17/12/2015] This activator has proved a capacity to generate an important increase in neurogenesis and represents a first step for future medicine for patients suffering from certain neurology diseases. Regenerate neurons in damaged areas of the brain - Read more

Brain circuitry fails to connect in children with autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: pictures of brains with TD and with ASD [16/12/2015] The holidays can be difficult for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly because of new or different social situations. One reason scientists believe ASD causes impairment in social interactions is due to an inability to effectively infer other's thoughts and feelings through "theory of mind," or ToM -- the ability to understand the mental states of others and oneself. Brain circuitry fails to connect in children with autism - Read more

First serotonin neurons made from human stem cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Serotonin-producing neurons [16/12/2015] Su-Chun Zhang, a pioneer in developing neurons from stem cells at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has created a specialized nerve cell that makes serotonin, a signaling chemical with a broad role in the brain.First serotonin neurons made from human stem cells - Read more

Metabolic pathway makes breast tumors more aggressive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mammography [15/12/2015] Researchers from the University of Würzburg have revealed a metabolic pathway that seems to make breast tumors more aggressive. The study will also identify possible targets for new cancers drugs. It will appear shortly in the renowned journal "Cancer Cell".Metabolic pathway makes breast tumors more aggressive - Read more

Suicide gene therapy kills prostate tumor cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: prostate metastases [15/12/2015] Results from a long-term clinical trial conducted by cancer researchers at Houston Methodist Hospital show that combining radiation treatment with "suicide gene therapy," a technique in which prostate cancer cells are genetically modified so they signal a patient's immune system to attack them, provides a safe and effective one-two punch against the disease.Suicide gene therapy kills prostate tumor cells - Read more

Complex cocktail in white blood cells has regenerative effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood test [14/12/2015] Hendrik Jan Ankersmit’s research group has successfully shown that irradiated white blood cells release substances that reduce the severity of the damage caused by a heart attack or stroke and in spinal injuries and have a positive effect upon tissue repair. However, up until now it wasn't known exactly which particular substances were responsible for these beneficial effects.Complex cocktail in white blood cells has regenerative effect - Read more

Fallopian tube organoids: understanding of ovarian cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fallopian Tube Organoid [14/12/2015] A new way of growing Fallopian tube cells in culture is expected to give a boost to our understanding and prevention of female genital diseases, such as infertility, inflammatory disease, and ovarian cancer.Fallopian tube organoids: understanding of ovarian cancer - Read more

Blood test that could predict arthritis risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood test [11/12/2015] Scientists have found a marker that can indicate your likelihood of suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) even sixteen years before the condition takes effect. A team from the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology at Oxford University found that a blood test that looks for antibodies that recognize the protein tenascin-C could reliably show those who will contract the condition.Blood test that could predict arthritis risk - Read more

Safer, faster heart scans in view

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Image: MRT pictures [11/12/2015] A team of Oxford University researchers has developed a technique that could improve heart scans for patients, giving more information about the heart than traditional scans and without any injections, making them safer and faster.Safer, faster heart scans in view - Read more

Monoclonal antibody increases survival with breast cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Image: Woman with breast cancer [10/12/2015] Giving a monoclonal antibody (denosumab) as adjuvant therapy with aromatase inhibitors in postmenopausal, hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer patients reduces the relapse rate by 18 percent. This is the central finding of the ABCSG 18 breast cancer study regarding disease-free survival.Monoclonal antibody increases survival with breast cancer - Read more

Using "big data" to fight flu

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with flu [10/12/2015] Thanks to "big data", researchers have identified new molecules that are instrumental in the replication of the flu virus. If these host proteins are blocked, influenza viruses are unable to multiply as effectively. The international study therefore makes a significant contribution towards the development of new treatments and flu drugs. Using "big data" to fight flu - Read more

Molecular shift stops stem cells in Drosophila making tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eyeless enzyme [09/12/2015] These precisely timed changes in aging stem cells could provide a path to identifying some cancers and targeting therapies, say University of Oregon scientists. They studying neural stem cells in the fruit fly Drosophila have uncovered a molecular change experienced by stem cells as they age. During development of the central nervous system, a protein is expressed that blocks tumor formation.Molecular shift stops stem cells in Drosophila making tumors - Read more

Researchers create World’s first ibuprofen patch

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: ibuprofen patch [09/12/2015] Researchers at the University of Warwick have worked with Coventry-based Medherant, a Warwick spinout company, to produce and patent the World’s first ever ibuprofen patch delivering the drug directly through skin to exactly where it is needed at a consistent dose rate.Researchers create World’s first ibuprofen patch - Read more

Dangerous chemicals in e-cigarettes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: e-cigarette [08/12/2015] Diacetyl, a flavoring chemical linked to cases of severe respiratory disease, was found in more than 75 percent of flavored electronic cigarettes and refill liquids tested by researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Two other potentially harmful related compounds were also found in many of the tested flavors.Dangerous chemicals in e-cigarettes - Read more

NUS researchers discover gene against “chemobrain”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Image: Three scientists [08/12/2015] A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has established that variation of a gene may have a role in protecting cancer patients from developing chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment, commonly known as "chemofog" or "chemobrain".NUS researchers discover gene against “chemobrain” - Read more

Big hand to brain research

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hippocampus [07/12/2015] A new detailed map of the hippocampal region of the brain, compiled by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital-The Neuro at McGill University, is helping the scientific community accelerate research and develop better treatments for patients suffering from epilepsy and other neurological and psychiatric disorders.Big hand to brain research - Read more

Signaling pathway suppresses brain tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Image: human gliomas [07/12/2015] Researchers at the University of Basel took a close look at a signaling pathway present in most organisms and found that it suppresses the formation of specific types of brain tumor. Their results have been published by the journal "Cancer Cell".Signaling pathway suppresses brain tumors - Read more

Detecting empathy in therapy sessions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Therapist with young girl [04/12/2015] "And how does that make you feel? Empathy is the foundation of therapeutic intervention. But how can you know if your therapist is or will be empathetic? Technology developed by researchers from USC, University of Washington, and the University of Utah can tell you. Detecting empathy in therapy sessions - Read more

Researchers use ovarian follicles to preserve fertility

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dr. Jacqueline Jeruss [04/12/2015] Researchers at the University of Michigan have identified a potential new approach to fertility preservation for young cancer patients that addresses concerns about beginning cancer treatment immediately and the possibility of reintroducing cancer cells during the fertility preservation process.Researchers use ovarian follicles to preserve fertility - Read more

A cheap, disposable device for diagnosing diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Disposable Tweezer [03/12/2015] The development of a reusable microfluidic device for sorting and manipulating cells and other micro/nano meter scale objects will make biomedical diagnosis of diseases cheaper and more convenient in regions where medical facilities are sparse or cost is prohibitive. Researchers at Penn State have recently filed a patent to develop such a device.A cheap, disposable device for diagnosing diseases - Read more

Popping microbubbles help focus light inside the body

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microbubbles under an optical microscope [03/12/2015] A new technique developed at Caltech that uses gas-filled microbubbles for focusing light inside tissue could one day provide doctors with a minimally invasive way of destroying tumors with lasers, and lead to improved diagnostic medical imaging.Popping microbubbles help focus light inside the body - Read more

Blood levels of Ebola virus are predictive of death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic:  The way of Ebola [02/12/2015] The levels of virus in the blood (viremia) for patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) are strong predictors of fatality, according to a study published in PLOS Medicine this week.Blood levels of Ebola virus are predictive of death - Read more

Physicians and burnout: It's getting worse

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Board with writing [02/12/2015] Burnout among U.S. physicians is getting worse. An update from a three-year study evaluating burnout and work-life balance shows that American physicians are worse off today than they were three years earlier. Physicians and burnout: It's getting worse - Read more

DNA repair protein BRCA1 implicated in cognitive function and dementia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: BRCA1 in Neurons [01/12/2015] Researchers from the Gladstone Institutes have shown for the first time that the protein BRCA1 is required for normal learning and memory and is depleted by Alzheimer's disease.DNA repair protein BRCA1 implicated in cognitive function and dementia - Read more

How anxiety can kill your social status

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: mitochondria in the Nucleus Accumbens [01/12/2015] Neuroscientists at EPFL identify a brain region that links anxious temperament to low social status. The researchers were able to tweak social hierarchy in animals using a regular vitamin.How anxiety can kill your social status - Read more

Hospital-to-home transitions can stress out family caregivers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: child with mouthguard [30/11/2015] Bringing acutely ill children home from the hospital can overwhelm family caregivers and affect a child's recovery and long-term health, according to research in the journal Pediatrics.Hospital-to-home transitions can stress out family caregivers - Read more

Scientists create malaria-blocking mosquitoes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Anopheles Stephensi Mosquito [30/11/2015] A new insect model may help eradicate disease that sickens millions annually.Scientists create malaria-blocking mosquitoes - Read more

High frequency stimulation in pain medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand with two attached electrodes [27/11/2015] Due to disease-related changes in their brain, pain patients often suffer from an impaired tactile ability in their hands. In a pilot study conducted by scientists at the Ruhr-University Bochum, high frequency repetitive stimulation was investigated as a therapeutic approach for these patients.High frequency stimulation in pain medicine - Read more

Military damage control resuscitation in civilian practice

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bags with packed blood cells and plasma [27/11/2015] A new study that surveyed Trauma Medical Directors (TMD's) at 245 trauma centers has found that damage control resuscitation (DCR) practices that originated in military settings have been widely adapted in civilian practices across the United States.Military damage control resuscitation in civilian practice - Read more

World AIDS Day: Solidarity for a positive togetherness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hands with red bows form a circle [27/11/2015] AIDS is a disease that faces us all. Not only those affected, but also those who fear becoming infected with the virus. However, many do not know that, especially with the right medication, the risk of infection is close to zero. The World AIDS Day aims to inform people and to show them that one can also lead a normal life with AIDS.World AIDS Day: Solidarity for a positive togetherness - Read more

Better blood pressure control - by mobile phone

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood pressure control with smartphone [26/11/2015] An interactive web system with the help of your mobile phone can be an effective tool for better blood pressure control. Test persons lowered their blood pressure, were better able to understand how their lifestyle affects their blood pressure and actively participated in follow-up discussions.Better blood pressure control - by mobile phone - Read more

Infrared thermography supports orthopedic diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Thermografic images of a patient's legs [26/11/2015] Researchers at UPM confirm the usefulness of infrared thermography (IRT) for detection and early diagnosis of orthopedic injuries.Infrared thermography supports orthopedic diagnosis - Read more

Blood test may predict how quickly patients recover from surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drop of blood is taken from a patient [25/11/2015] A simple blood test taken before surgery may predict how quickly patients recover from their procedure, suggests a new study in the December issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).Blood test may predict how quickly patients recover from surgery - Read more

Complex hospital infection data confuses consumers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Little confused man between numbers [25/11/2015] Patients have difficulty deciphering complex numeric data on healthcare-associated infections used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to help consumers choose hospitals, according to a new study published online today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA).Complex hospital infection data confuses consumers - Read more

Mini-intestine grown in a test tube

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Artificially grown mini-intestine [24/11/2015] The ability to grow three-dimensional precursors of an organ from stem cells in a Petri dish has brought about a revolution in the field of biomedicine. But exactly what can be researched on such an organoid in vitro?Mini-intestine grown in a test tube - Read more

One-step test for hepatitis C virus infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood vial and syringe [24/11/2015] UC Irvine Health researchers have developed a cost-effective one-step test that screens, detects and confirms hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Current blood-based HCV testing requires two steps and can be expensive, inconvenient and is not widely available or affordable globally.One-step test for hepatitis C virus infection - Read more

Combining dermatologists' opinions improves skin cancer diagnostic

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dermatologist examines a patient [23/11/2015] The accuracy of skin cancer diagnoses can be improved by combining the independent opinions of multiple dermatologists. These findings have emerged from a collaborative study among researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries.Combining dermatologists' opinions improves skin cancer diagnostic - Read more

Ethical issues with social media and healthcare

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse and patient take selfie [23/11/2015] Social media has become engrained into almost every area of our life, but should patients really be Facebook friends with their doctor?Ethical issues with social media and healthcare - Read more

An easy pill to swallow

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: capsules [20/11/2015] An insulin pill being developed by researchers at UC Santa Barbara may in the near future give another blood sugar management option to those who suffer from diabetes. The novel drug delivery technology may also apply to a wide spectrum of other therapies.An easy pill to swallow - Read more

Sound deprivation leads to irreversible hearing loss

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mouse in a labaratory [20/11/2015] Massachusetts Eye and Ear investigators have shown that sound deprivation in adult mice causes irreversible damage to the inner ear. The findings, published in PLOS ONE, suggest that chronic conductive hearing loss, such as that caused by recurrent ear infections, leads to permanent hearing impairment if it remains untreated.Sound deprivation leads to irreversible hearing loss - Read more

HIV prevention: safe spaces play important role

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: man smiling [19/11/2015] The creation and sustainment of "safe spaces" may play a critical role in community-based HIV prevention efforts by providing social support and reducing environmental barriers for vulnerable populations, a new study from an Oregon State University researcher has found. HIV prevention: safe spaces play important role - Read more

Horst Giesen - Project manager MEDICA for 25 years

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Horst Giesen [19/11/2015] On 1.8.1990 Horst Giesen had his first working day at the Messe Düsseldorf. That means 25 years MEDICA. We congratulate.Horst Giesen - Project manager MEDICA for 25 years - Read more

New insights in the search for treatments for neurological diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Neurons [19/11/2015] A team of researchers led by professor Patrik Verstreken (VIB/KU Leuven) has exposed the fine details of a mechanism that provides more insight in the communication between neurons.New insights in the search for treatments for neurological diseases - Read more

Blood sample new way of detecting cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: drop of blood on a finger [18/11/2015] A new RNA test of blood platelets can be used to detect, classify and pinpoint the location of cancer by analysing a sample equivalent to one drop of blood. Using this new method for blood-based RNA tests of blood platelets, researchers have been able to identify cancer with 96 per cent accuracy.Blood sample new way of detecting cancer - Read more

Parkinson's disease: tool aims to improve diagnosis and advance treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Disorder in brain causes Parkinson [18/11/2015] A group of experts working under the umbrella of the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS), have developed a new tool for healthcare professionals that they hope will mark a significant advancement in the diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson's disease, especially in its early stages. Parkinson's disease: tool aims to improve diagnosis and advance treatment - Read more

Establishing bereavement programs in hospitals

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: People in a self-help group [17/11/2015] Backed by a growing body of research, investigators at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute are calling for all hospitals to establish bereavement programs for families of deceased patients.Establishing bereavement programs in hospitals - Read more

Thyroid cancer biomarker assays may show inaccurate readings

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Three researchers in the lab [17/11/2015] Protein biomarkers are used to test for cancer before and after surgeries to remove tumors. To test thyroid malignancy, many biomarkers are tested separately to confirm cancer. However, new research from Michigan Technological University shows that the detection tests that measure two major biomarkers to diagnose thyroid cancer may be inaccurate.Thyroid cancer biomarker assays may show inaccurate readings - Read more

MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015 opens: many interdisciplinary and international program highlights offered

[16/11/2015] 168 speakers and 56 events over 4 days: until 19 November, the MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015 is taking place in Düsseldorf. At today`s opening press conference, conference president Dr. med. Dr. h.c. Hendrik Lehnert emphasized the unique character of the interdisciplinary advanced training event that focuses on the connection between science and medical technology. MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE 2015 opens: many interdisciplinary and international program highlights offered - Read more

Roadblocks to lab-grown stem cells' maturation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lab mouse [16/11/2015] Johns Hopkins researchers report that a new study of mouse cells has revealed reasons why attempts to grow stem cells to maturity in the laboratory often fail, and provided a possible way to overcome such "developmental arrest."Roadblocks to lab-grown stem cells' maturation - Read more

Too much foot traffic in and out of operating rooms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A surgeon performing [16/11/2015] Opening doors too often can interfere with airflow systems that reduce infection risk: A "secret shopper" style study by researchers at Johns Hopkins analyzing foot traffic in and out of operating rooms suggests that for the sake of patient safety, OR teams may want to stay put more often.Too much foot traffic in and out of operating rooms - Read more

Antibiotics may worsen drug-resistant bacterial infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: pills in a pillbox [13/11/2015] In recent decades, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, has evolved from a controllable nuisance into a serious public health concern. A pre-clinical study reveals that treatment with first-line antibiotics may actually make MRSA skin infections worse, ironically by activating the body's own pathogen-defense system. The next step will be to obtain human data.Antibiotics may worsen drug-resistant bacterial infections - Read more

Mechanical heart valve prosthesis superior to biological

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: heart operation [13/11/2015] A mechanical valve prosthesis has a better survival record than a biological valve prosthesis, according to a large registry study from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet. The finding, which is published in the European Heart Journal, can be highly significant, since the use of biological valve prostheses has increased in all age groups in recent years.Mechanical heart valve prosthesis superior to biological - Read more

Novel stem cell line avoids risk of introducing transplanted tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: micrograph, embryonic rat kidney cell [12/11/2015] Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC) can become any type of cell in the adult body, offering great potential in disease modeling, drug discovery and creating replacement cells for conditions ranging from cardiovascular to Alzheimer's disease.Novel stem cell line avoids risk of introducing transplanted tumors - Read more

The end of stethoscope?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: doctor using HeartBud [12/11/2015] The iconic stethoscope we've become accustomed to seeing draped around the necks of doctors and healthcare providers may someday be replaced by smartphones and a new portable device, called HeartBuds, that is slightly larger than a quarter. The end of stethoscope? - Read more

Strangled cells condense their DNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: DNA in a cell [11/11/2015] Scientists at the Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB) have been able to see, for the first time, the dramatic changes that occur in the DNA of cells that are starved of oxygen and nutrients. The findings provide new insight into the damage these diseases cause and may help researchers to discover new ways of treating them.Strangled cells condense their DNA - Read more

Transplantation model for 3-D printed constructs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman holding a plate [11/11/2015] Using sugar, silicone and a 3-D printer, a team of bioengineers at Rice University and surgeons at the University of Pennsylvania have created an implant with an intricate network of blood vessels that points toward a future of growing replacement tissues and organs for transplantation.Transplantation model for 3-D printed constructs - Read more