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'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: (Example image) hand with plaster [30/09/2014] A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer, reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign study.'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health - Read more

Simple test can help detect Alzheimer's before dementia signs show

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elderly woman at the computer [30/09/2014] York University researchers say a simple test that combines thinking and movement can help to detect heightened risk for developing Alzheimer's disease in a person, even before there are any telltale behavioral signs of dementia.Simple test can help detect Alzheimer's before dementia signs show - Read more

Calming down immune cells could hold key to melanoma treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Melanoma [29/09/2014] Cancer Research UK scientists at The University of Manchester found that chemical signals produced by a type of immune cell, called macrophages, also act as a survival signal for melanoma cells.Calming down immune cells could hold key to melanoma treatment - Read more

First mouse model for ALS dementia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mouse [29/09/2014] The first animal model for ALS dementia, a form of ALS that also damages the brain, has been developed by Northwestern Medicine scientists. The advance will allow researchers to directly see the brains of living mice, under anesthesia, at the microscopic level. This will allow direct monitoring of test drugs to determine if they work.First mouse model for ALS dementia - Read more

Engineered proteins stick like glue even in water

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mussels at the beach [26/09/2014] Shellfish such as mussels and barnacles secrete very sticky proteins that help them cling to rocks or ship hulls, even underwater. Inspired by these natural adhesives, a team of MIT engineers has designed new materials that could be used to repair ships or help heal wounds and surgical incisions.Engineered proteins stick like glue even in water - Read more

Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman in bed, blowing her news [26/09/2014] Influenza infection can enhance the ability of the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae to cause ear and throat infections, according to research published ahead of print in the journal Infection and Immunity.Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection - Read more

Mechanism of Parkinson's spread demonstrated

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Neural cell that becomes erased [25/09/2014] An international, interdisciplinary group of researchers led by Gabor G. Kovacs from the Clinical Institute of Neurology at the MedUni Vienna has demonstrated, through the use of a new antibody, how Parkinson's disease spreads from cell to cell in the human brain.Mechanism of Parkinson's spread demonstrated - Read more

US: 34 percent of severely injured patients undertriaged

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman is treated in an ambulance [25/09/2014] According to the American College of Surgeons' Committee on Trauma, patients with severe injuries should be treated at level I or level II trauma centers. Those centers have the resources to provide the best care for those patients.US: 34 percent of severely injured patients undertriaged - Read more

Cancer: which patients are most likely to delay hospice enrollment?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an enrollment form [24/09/2014] The findings of a Penn Medicine study may influence national quality assessment programs and improve transitions from active treatment to hospice care sooner.Cancer: which patients are most likely to delay hospice enrollment? - Read more

Walking or cycling to work improves wellbeing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Commuter with bicycle [24/09/2014] Walking or cycling to work is better for people's mental health than driving to work, according to new research by health economists at the University of East Anglia and the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR).Walking or cycling to work improves wellbeing - Read more

Microfluidics: lab on a breathing chip

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Iconic human nose and pollutants [23/09/2014] Human nasal epithelial cells, cultured on a microchip, react to air pollutants just like they would in the upper airway.Microfluidics: lab on a breathing chip - Read more

Patients: 'just-in-time' management in the clinic

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patients in the waiting room [23/09/2014] Using a pain clinic as a testing ground, researchers at Johns Hopkins have shown that a management process first popularized by Toyota in Japan can substantially reduce patient wait times and possibly improve the teaching of interns and residents.Patients: 'just-in-time' management in the clinic - Read more

Battling superbugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteria colony [22/09/2014] In recent years, new strains of bacteria have emerged that resist even the most powerful antibiotics. Each year, these superbugs, including drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis and staphylococcus, infect more than 2 million people nationwide, and kill at least 23,000. MIT engineers have now turned a powerful new weapon on these superbugs.Battling superbugs - Read more

Cancer: palliative care denied to many patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an old patient's hand [22/09/2014] Many patients with advanced, incurable cancer do not receive any palliative care, reveals new research. The findings are astonishing as they come at the same time as 15 new oncology centres in Europe, Canada, South America and Africa are being awarded the prestigious title of 'ESMO Designated Centre of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care.'Cancer: palliative care denied to many patients - Read more

How stress tears us apart

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man under stress [19/09/2014] A team from the EPFL Brain Mind Institute has discovered an important synaptic mechanism: the activation of a cleaving enzyme, leading to behavioral problems connected to chronic stress.How stress tears us apart - Read more

Improving medicines for children in Canada

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mother with her child at the doctor [19/09/2014] A new expert panel report, Improving Medicines for Children in Canada, released today by the Council of Canadian Academies, addresses the importance of developing safe and effective medicines for children. Each year about half of Canada's seven million children use at least one prescription drug. Much of this prescribing is done off-label creating potential health risks. Improving medicines for children in Canada - Read more

'Pocket doctor' diagnosis for degenerative disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Smartphone with a white coat on its surface [18/09/2014] Smartphones will soon be able to perform the functions of a 'pocket doctor' and map Parkinson’s disease and other degenerative diseases, thanks to the work of an Aston University mathematician. With Smartphones now able to accurately record movement, activity, location and differences in vocal tone, extensive research is being conducted into their potential as a medical diagnostic tool. 'Pocket doctor' diagnosis for degenerative disease - Read more

Modified Antibiotic to Vanquish Resistant Bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills [18/09/2014] Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have devised a new antibiotic based on vancomycin that is powerfully effective against vancomycin-resistant strains of MRSA and other disease-causing bacteria.Modified Antibiotic to Vanquish Resistant Bacteria - Read more

Researchers debunk myth about Parkinson's disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Change of the brain at Parkinson's patients [17/09/2014] The defining symptoms of Parkinson's disease are slow movements, muscular stiffness and shaking. It is essential to conduct innovative research with the potential to shed some light on this disruption to the central nervous system. Using advanced computer models, neuroscience researchers at the University of Copenhagen have gained new knowledge about the complex processes.Researchers debunk myth about Parkinson's disease - Read more

Some lung cancer patients could live longer when treated with new radiotherapy strategy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor holding a X-ray image [17/09/2014] Treating advanced small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) with thoracic (or chest) radiation therapy in addition to standard treatment significantly prolongs long-term survival and reduces cancer recurrence in the chest by almost 50%, according to new research.Some lung cancer patients could live longer when treated with new radiotherapy strategy - Read more

Device developed for sepsis therapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genetically engineered protein-coated magnetic beads bound to S. aureus [16/09/2014] Things can go downhill fast when a patient has sepsis, a life-threatening condition in which bacteria or fungi multiply in a patient's blood - often too fast for antibiotics to help. A new device inspired by the human spleen and developed by a team at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering may radically transform the way doctors treat sepsis.Device developed for sepsis therapy - Read more

Schizophrenia not a single disease but multiple genetically distinct disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A labyrinth marked with schizophrenia [16/09/2014] New research shows that schizophrenia isn't a single disease but a group of eight genetically distinct disorders, each with its own set of symptoms. The finding could be a first step toward improved diagnosis and treatment for the debilitating psychiatric illness.Schizophrenia not a single disease but multiple genetically distinct disorders - Read more

World Alzheimer’s Day 2014: "Dementia – Everybody can do something"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Brain consisting of gear wheels dissolves [16/09/2014] For the 20th time the World Alzheimer's Day takes place on 21st September 2014. This day, people are invited to participate actively in perceiving and dealing with dementia. The everyday life of people with dementia should be designed livable in all relevant areas.World Alzheimer’s Day 2014: "Dementia – Everybody can do something" - Read more

Diabetes researchers find faster way to create insulin-producing cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman testing her insulin level [15/09/2014] University of British Columbia has published a study highlighting a protocol to convert stem cells into insulin-producing cells. The new procedure could be an important step in the fight against Type 1 diabetes. Diabetes researchers find faster way to create insulin-producing cells - Read more

Imaging technique improves tremor surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Deep deep brain stimulation of the tremor bundles [15/09/2014] A Freiburg research team at the Medical Center – University of Freiburg, has succeeded in more accurately determining the position of the particular bundle of nerve fibers in the brain that deep brain stimulation needs to activate.Imaging technique improves tremor surgery - Read more

Exercise before school may reduce ADHD symptoms in kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy riding a bike [12/09/2014] Paying attention all day in school as a kid isn't easy, especially for those who are at a higher risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A new study from Michigan State University and University of Vermont researchers shows that offering daily, before-school, aerobic activities to younger, at-risk children could help in reducing the symptoms of ADHD in the classroom and at home.Exercise before school may reduce ADHD symptoms in kids - Read more

Steroid hormone to fight age-related diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Caenorhabditis elegans [12/09/2014] Through the study of the roundworm, Caenorhabditis elegans, the team led by Hugo Aguilaniu has discovered a hormone that enhances longevity and reduces fertility, thus reproducing the effects of an extreme diet. Steroid hormone to fight age-related diseases - Read more

Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Twins [11/09/2014] International research involving the University of Adelaide has found that the risk of preterm birth could be halved for a specific group of "super high-risk" twin pregnancies. The results could help to save babies' lives throughout the world and prevent serious health complications after birth.Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies - Read more

High levels of physical activity linked to better academic performance in boys

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children running [11/09/2014] A recent Finnish study shows that higher levels of physical activity are related to better academic achievement during the first three school years particularly in boys. The study was conducted in collaboration with the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study conducted at the University of Eastern Finland and the First Steps Study at the University of Jyväskylä.High levels of physical activity linked to better academic performance in boys - Read more

Mothers' responses to babies' crying: Benefiting from and getting over childhood experiences

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby with blue eyes [10/09/2014] A new study has found that mothers whose childhood experiences with caregivers was positive and those who have come to terms with negative experiences are more infant-oriented when they see videos of babies crying and respond more sensitively to their own babies' cries.Mothers' responses to babies' crying: Benefiting from and getting over childhood experiences - Read more

Researchers identify a new target for treating heart failure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Picture: Heart Rate [10/09/2014] As a heart fails, losing its ability to squeeze blood through the circulatory system, the body releases a neurohormone that interferes with the heart's best chance to improve contractility, a team of Temple University School of Medicine researchers show in a study.Researchers identify a new target for treating heart failure - Read more

Milestone reached in work to build replacement kidneys in the lab

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Kidneys [09/09/2014] Regenerative medicine researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have addressed a major challenge in the quest to build replacement kidneys in the lab. Working with human-sized pig kidneys, the scientists developed the most successful method to date to keep blood vessels in the new organs open and flowing with blood. The work is reported in journal Technology.Milestone reached in work to build replacement kidneys in the lab - Read more

Motion recognition method successful for 10 years

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Figure celebrates a price [09/09/2014] Nils Papenberg, research scientist at Fraunhofer Institute for Medical Image Computing MEVIS, is receiving one of the most prestigious awards in the field of machine vision. The 36-year-old is accepting the Koenderink award with three colleagues in Zurich on September 8th. Motion recognition method successful for 10 years - Read more

EUR 750,000 in funding for new Competence Center for HPC in the Natural Sciences at Mainz University

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man working with a microscope [08/09/2014] Planned center for High Performance Computing (HPC) at the Institute of Computer Science will bring together various research projects and will provide an improved level of HPC Services.EUR 750,000 in funding for new Competence Center for HPC in the Natural Sciences at Mainz University - Read more

Researchers discover a key to making new muscles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Muscles [08/09/2014] A new study finds that cyclic bursts of a STAT3 inhibitor can replenish muscle stem cells and promote their differentiation into muscle fibers. The findings are an important step toward developing and maintaining new muscle to treat muscle diseases.Researchers discover a key to making new muscles - Read more

Healthy sleep duration linked to less sick time from work

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man switching off alarm clock [05/09/2014] New research suggests that sleeping 7 to 8 hours per night is associated with the lowest risk of absence from work due to sickness. The results underscore the importance of the “Sleep Well, Be Well” campaign of the National Healthy Sleep Awareness Project.Healthy sleep duration linked to less sick time from work - Read more

Process damages lungs of donors with traumatic brain injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Human lung [05/09/2014] Few people would guess that some of the most detrimental damage from a traumatic brain injury is to the lungs, but transplant specialists are keenly aware of this phenomenon. Indiana University research sheds light on the potentially lethal process.Process damages lungs of donors with traumatic brain injury - Read more

'In body' muscle regeneration

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: White rat [04/09/2014] What if repairing large segments of damaged muscle tissue was as simple as mobilizing the body's stem cells to the site of the injury? New research in mice and rats, conducted at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center's Institute for Regenerative Medicine, suggests that "in body" regeneration of muscle tissue might be possible by harnessing the body's natural healing powers.'In body' muscle regeneration - Read more

More than one third of booked operations are re-booked

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Calender sheet with days marked off [04/09/2014] More than one third of all planned orthopaedic surgery procedures are re-booked, postponed or cancelled completely. The most common reasons are cancellation at the patient’s own request or emergency cases having to be prioritized. These are the findings of a study carried out by the Sahlgrenska Academy in association with Sahlgrenska University Hospital.More than one third of booked operations are re-booked - Read more

A prescription for better stroke care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drug prescription form and stethoscope [03/09/2014] Stroke patients are 70 per cent more likely to continue taking their stroke prevention medications one year later if they have a prescription in hand when discharged – according to researchers at St. Michael's Hospital and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES).A prescription for better stroke care - Read more

Batteryless cardiac pacemaker based on automatic wristwatch

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cardiac pacemaker in an X-ray image [03/09/2014] A new batteryless cardiac pacemaker based on an automatic wristwatch and powered by heart motion was presented at ESC Congress 2014 by Adrian Zurbuchen from Switzerland. The prototype device does not require battery replacement.Batteryless cardiac pacemaker based on automatic wristwatch - Read more

'Electronic nose' sniffs C. diff infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mass spectrometer and research team [02/09/2014] A fast-sensitive "electronic-nose" for sniffing the highly infectious bacteria C. diff, that causes diarrhea, temperature and stomach cramps, has been developed by a team at the University of Leicester.'Electronic nose' sniffs C. diff infection - Read more

Education and dog-friendly neighborhoods against obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman and dog at a walk [02/09/2014] A study from the University of Liverpool has recommended investing in dog owner education and facilities as a strategy to target physical inactivity and problems such as obesity in both people and their pets.Education and dog-friendly neighborhoods against obesity - Read more

Health and migration

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Passport in a hand [01/09/2014] Migration has a significant influence on the health sector, including in Austria. The healthcare sector faces challenges due to migrants' different social status, background and gender, according to Christine Binder-Fritz and Anita Rieder from the Institute of Social Medicine at the Centre for Public Health at the Medical University of Vienna Vienna.Health and migration - Read more

ICD home monitoring: cost compares, reimbursement lags

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician talking to an elderly patient [01/09/2014] Roughly a decade since the start of telemonitoring capabilities in implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs), the first financial assessment of the impact of home monitored follow-up estimates the cost to physicians, hospitals and insurance providers is the same as traditional in-office monitoring, according to a new study.ICD home monitoring: cost compares, reimbursement lags - Read more

Arthritis patients failing to take effective medication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Pain places in joints caused by arhtritis [29/08/2014] Large numbers of people with severe rheumatoid arthritis are failing to take expensive medication as prescribed, according to a new multi-centre study led by researchers in Manchester.Arthritis patients failing to take effective medication - Read more

Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy [29/08/2014] Manchester scientists are working out how to safely increase the radiotherapy dose given to lung cancer patients – potentially offering improved local control and survival.Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy - Read more

Breakthrough could resolve serious skin infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bacterial infection on the skin [28/08/2014] Los Alamos National Laoratory and partners test ionic liquids to break bacterial biofilm layer and save lives. This work could have especially useful applications for military medical treatments where soldiers in the field can be exposed to bacterial infections that are particularly difficult to treat.Breakthrough could resolve serious skin infections - Read more

New method opens door to therapy with human muscle stem cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Muscle fiber fragment with human muscle stem cells [28/08/2014] Stem cells are essential for the repair of muscle damage, but all attempts to manipulate human muscle stem cells for therapy have thus far failed. Now reseachers have shown how this might work. They developed a method in which they did not isolate the muscle stem cells, but rather cultivated, proliferated and transplanted them along with their muscle fibers. New method opens door to therapy with human muscle stem cells - Read more

Eating disorders increases risk of autoimmune diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring tape around the belly [27/08/2014] Finnish researchers have observed an association between eating disorders and several autoimmune diseases with different genetic backgrounds. These findings support the link between immune-mediated mechanisms and development of eating disorders.Eating disorders increases risk of autoimmune diseases - Read more

Widespread adoption of robot-assisted cancer surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Endoscopic surgery [27/08/2014] A new study reveals that the US has experienced widespread adoption of robot-assisted prostate removal surgery to treat prostate cancer in recent years. The BJU International study also found that while such surgeries are more expensive than traditional surgeries, their costs are decreasing over time.Widespread adoption of robot-assisted cancer surgery - Read more

Cutting the liver piece by piece

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Laparoscopy of the liver [26/08/2014] New surgical methods give hope to patients with cancer that has spread from the intestine to the liver. The disease can be changed from terminal to chronic by cutting the liver piece by piece using keyhole surgery.Cutting the liver piece by piece - Read more

Medicaid reimbursements may affect cancer screening rates among beneficiaries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor is talking to a patient [26/08/2014] A recent study has found that in states with higher Medicaid payments for office visits, Medicaid beneficiaries were more likely to be screened for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer. The findings may help policy makers address barriers to access to care and improve the use of recommended cancer screening services.Medicaid reimbursements may affect cancer screening rates among beneficiaries - Read more

Neuroscience and big data

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Neural pathways in the brain [25/08/2014] Scientists can now monitor and record the activity of hundreds of neurons concurrently in the brain, and ongoing technology developments promise to increase this number manifold. However, simply recording the neural activity does not automatically lead to a clearer understanding of how the brain works.Neuroscience and big data - Read more

Polio: mutated virus breaches vaccine protection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Polio vaccine with an injection [25/08/2014] Thanks to effective vaccination, polio is considered nearly eradicated. Each year only a few hundred people are stricken worldwide. However, scientists of the University of Bonn, together with colleagues from Gabon, are reporting alarming findings: a mutated virus that was able to resist the vaccine protection to a considerable extent was found in victims of an outbreak in the Congo in 2010. Polio: mutated virus breaches vaccine protection - Read more

A novel pathway for prevention of heart attack and stroke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Different words like stroke and heart [22/08/2014] A recent study could pave the way for preventing brain and cardiac ischemia induced by atherosclerosis. Finnish researchers have found that the low-expression variant of fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), which is particularly common among Finns, reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke. The finding revealed a new way to customise a potentially preventive drug for atherosclerosis.A novel pathway for prevention of heart attack and stroke - Read more

Relaxing DNA strands by using nano-channels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Nano Channel [22/08/2014] With the widespread use of methods for DNA analysis and manipulation, it's certainly useful to find a way to unravel and relax the strands of this molecule that tends to form tangles spontaneously. One way is to use channels, or rather nano-channels, as Cristian Micheletti, SISSA research scientist, and Enzo Orlandini, of Padua University, did in a study.Relaxing DNA strands by using nano-channels - Read more

Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman using an isulin pen [21/08/2014] Scientists from The University of Manchester have discovered that insulin can protect the cells of the pancreas from acute pancreatitis – a disease for which there is currently no treatment. Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis - Read more

Pain treatments less effective for those with irritable bowel

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bowel [21/08/2014] Researchers have discovered that the immune system is defective in people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome, which is a major reason why sufferers have ongoing issues with pain.Pain treatments less effective for those with irritable bowel - Read more

Our genes determine the traces that stress leaves behind on our brains

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: The brain in our head [20/08/2014] Our individual genetic make-up determines the effect that stress has on our emotional centers. These are the findings of a group of researchers from the Medical University Vienna. Not every individual reacts in the same way to life events that produce the same degree of stress. Our genes determine the traces that stress leaves behind on our brains - Read more

Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the brain [20/08/2014] Investigators at the University of Southampton have discovered that two new vaccines can prevent the transmission of meningitis bacteria from person to person. The vaccines do this by reducing 'carriage' of the responsible bacteria in the nose and throats of the population.Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent - Read more

Increased rates of preventable deaths after urologic procedures

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgery team during operation [19/08/2014] In recent years, a shift from inpatient to outpatient surgery in the U.S. for commonly performed urologic procedures has coincided with increasing deaths following complications that were potentially recognizable or preventable. The finding indicates the importance of monitoring urologic surgery patients for potential complications.Increased rates of preventable deaths after urologic procedures - Read more

Risks of postoperative cognitive side effects

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Anesthetist working on a monitor [19/08/2014] Postsurgical cognitive side effects can have major implications for the level of care, length of hospital stay, and the patient's perceived quality of care, especially in elderly and fragile patients. A nationwide survey of Swedish anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists has found there is low awareness of the risks of cognitive side effects following surgery. Risks of postoperative cognitive side effects - Read more

Novel treatment strengthens bones

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Calcified bone under microscope [18/08/2014] An enzyme therapy may prevent skeletal abnormalities associated with the genetic disorder neurofibromatosis type-1, Vanderbilt investigators have discovered. The findings “suggest that we can make bone stronger and better by injecting this drug, and possibly prevent fractures in patients with neurofibromatosis.” Novel treatment strengthens bones - Read more

Potential drug therapy for kidney stones

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kidney stones [18/08/2014] A new study suggests that a class of drugs approved to treat leukemia and epilepsy also may be effective against kidney stones, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report. The drugs are histone deacetylase inhibitors, or HDAC inhibitors for short. Potential drug therapy for kidney stones - Read more

Model predicts COPD hospital readmission

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician listens to a patient's chest [15/08/2014] Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have identified predictors of early rehospitalization among patients hospitalized for complications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Model predicts COPD hospital readmission - Read more

New tool to evaluate doctor's bedside manner

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician with patient and relative [15/08/2014] The best way to improve a doctor's bedside manner may lie in a new tool that evaluates and helps medical residents improve their communication and other soft skills to become better doctors, according to a new study led by Women's College Hospital's Dr. Tim Dwyer.New tool to evaluate doctor's bedside manner - Read more

'Shape-shifting' material could help reconstruct faces

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Shape-shifting material [14/08/2014] Researchers report that they have developed a "self-fitting" material that expands with warm salt water to precisely fill bone defects, and also acts as a scaffold for new bone growth.'Shape-shifting' material could help reconstruct faces - Read more

England: Community pharmacies could help tackle poor health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman and pharmacist [14/08/2014] Community pharmacies could play a vital role in tackling major public health concerns such as obesity and smoking because the vast majority of people in England live within easy walking distance, say researchers.England: Community pharmacies could help tackle poor health - Read more

Keeping viruses at bay

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Viruses [13/08/2014] Previously, it was unclear how the immune system prevents viruses from simply donning molecular camouflage in order to escape detection. An international team of researchers from the University of Bonn Hospital and the London Research Institute have now discovered that our immunosensory system attacks viruses on a molecular level.Keeping viruses at bay - Read more

Pioneering online treatment for people with Bipolar Disorder

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Person using a laptop outside [13/08/2014] The first effective web-based treatment for Bipolar Disorder based on the latest research evidence has been developed by psychologists.Pioneering online treatment for people with Bipolar Disorder - Read more

Malaria: chloroquine inhibits tumor growth and metastases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills and a clinical thermometer [12/08/2014] The anti-cancer effect of the antimalarial agent chloroquine when combined with conventional chemotherapy has been well documented in experimental animal models. To date, it was assumed that chloroquine increases the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapy by means of a direct effect on the cancer cells.Malaria: chloroquine inhibits tumor growth and metastases - Read more

Natural light in office boosts health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Offices with large windows [12/08/2014] Office workers with more light exposure at the office had longer sleep duration, better sleep quality, more physical activity and better quality of life compared to office workers with less light exposure in the workplace, reports a new study from Northwestern Medicine and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Natural light in office boosts health - Read more

Postmenopausal breast cancer risk decreases rapidly after starting physical activity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman and a man doing sports [11/08/2014] Postmenopausal women who in the past four years had undertaken regular physical activity equivalent to at least four hours of walking per week had a lower risk for invasive breast cancer compared with women who exercised less during those four years.Postmenopausal breast cancer risk decreases rapidly after starting physical activity - Read more

Target identified for rare inherited neurological disease in men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Target with arrows [11/08/2014] Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified the mechanism by which a rare, inherited neurodegenerative disease causes often crippling muscle weakness in men, in addition to reduced fertility.Target identified for rare inherited neurological disease in men - Read more

Earlier intervention for common form of heart attack linked to improved survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man holding his breast [08/08/2014] Changes in the treatment of the most common form of heart attack over the past decade have been associated with higher survival rates for men and women regardless of age, race and ethnicity, according to a University of California (UCLA) led analysis. But the study also suggests that there is room for improvement in how current treatment guidelines are applied among specific patient groups.Earlier intervention for common form of heart attack linked to improved survival - Read more

Link between vitamin D and dementia risk confirmed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vitamin D capsules [08/08/2014] In the largest study of its kind, researchers suggest that in older people not getting enough vitamin D may double the risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Link between vitamin D and dementia risk confirmed - Read more

Aspirin: Scientists believe cancer prevention benefits outweigh harms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aspirin [07/08/2014] New research reveals taking aspirin can significantly reduce the risk of developing – and dying from – the major cancers of the digestive tract. For the first time, scientists have reviewed all the available evidence from many studies and clinical trials assessing both the benefits and harms of preventive use of aspirin. Aspirin: Scientists believe cancer prevention benefits outweigh harms - Read more

New prosthetic arm controlled by neural messages

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Prosthesis [07/08/2014] Controlling a prosthetic arm by just imagining a motion may be possible through the work of Mexican scientists at the Centre for Research and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV), who work in the development of an arm replacement to identify movement patterns from brain signals.New prosthetic arm controlled by neural messages - Read more

Nearly 10 percent of patients with cancer still smoke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man smoking [06/08/2014] Nine years after diagnosis, 9.3 percent of U.S. cancer survivors were current smokers and 83 percent of these individuals were daily smokers who averaged 14.7 cigarettes per day, according to a report in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR). Nearly 10 percent of patients with cancer still smoke - Read more

New methods to identify MRSA in pigs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRSA culture in petri dish [06/08/2014] It is important to keep the number of MRSA infections at a low level. In a PhD project at the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, the latest technologies within whole genome sequencing were exploited to develop new methods to identify genes which are important for the survival of MRSA in pigs.New methods to identify MRSA in pigs - Read more

Computer simulation forecasts favorable trends in eradicating hepatitis C

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of hepatits C virus [05/08/2014] Effective new drugs and screening would make hepatitis C a rare disease by 2036, according to a computer simulation conducted by The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. Computer simulation forecasts favorable trends in eradicating hepatitis C - Read more

Weakness of leukemic stem cells discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Petri dish with a tube of blood [05/08/2014] Despite improved therapy, only one out of every two adult patients survive acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). A team of Frankfurt-based researchers discovered that these cells do have a weakness: The enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) plays a significant role in the survival of leukaemic AML stem cells. Weakness of leukemic stem cells discovered - Read more

New genetic risk markers in pancreatic cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of a pancreas [04/08/2014] A large DNA analysis of people with and without pancreatic cancer has identified several new genetic markers that signal increased risk of developing the highly lethal disease, report scientists from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.New genetic risk markers in pancreatic cancer - Read more

Quick blood test for malaria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood samples in a ADVIA lab automation [04/08/2014] Siemens is working on a procedure that would allow blood to be routinely tested for malaria. Physicians normally diagnose the tropical disease by using a microscope to search for parasites in blood samples. Quick blood test for malaria - Read more

Booming mobile health app market needs more consumer confidence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Smartphone measures cardiac frequency [01/08/2014] Smart phones and mobile devices are on the cusp of revolutionizing health care, armed with mobile health ("mHealth") apps capable of providing everything from cardiac measurements to sonograms.Booming mobile health app market needs more consumer confidence - Read more

Reducing kidney injury using a quality improvement method

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of a kidney [01/08/2014] Using quality improvement measures in eight of the 10 hospitals in the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group, researchers have found a way to reduce kidney injury in patients undergoing a procedure with contrast dye.Reducing kidney injury using a quality improvement method - Read more

$15 billion annual public funding system for doctor training needs overhaul

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: stethoscope lying on a book [31/07/2014] The U.S. should significantly reform the federal system for financing physician training and residency programs to ensure that the public's $15 billion annual investment is producing the doctors that the nation needs, says a new report by the Institute of Medicine. $15 billion annual public funding system for doctor training needs overhaul - Read more

Acupuncture improves quality of life for breast cancer patients using aromatase inhibitors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Needles in a doll head [31/07/2014] Use of electroacupuncture (EA) – a form of acupuncture where a small electric current is passed between pairs of acupuncture needles – produces significant improvements in fatigue, anxiety and depression in as little as eight weeks for early stage breast cancer patients experiencing joint pain related to the use of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) to treat breast cancer.Acupuncture improves quality of life for breast cancer patients using aromatase inhibitors - Read more

Mysterious esophagus disease is autoimmune after all

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Man holding his chest [30/07/2014] Achalasia is a rare disease – it affects 1 in 100,000 people – characterized by a loss of nerve cells in the esophageal wall. While its cause remains unknown, a new study by a team of researchers at KU Leuven in Belgium, the University of Bonn in Germany and other European institutions confirms for the first time that achalasia is autoimmune in origin. Mysterious esophagus disease is autoimmune after all - Read more

Potential biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: old man thinking [30/07/2014] Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) report variants in a new gene, PLXNA4, which may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The discovery of this novel genetic association may lead to new drug treatment options that target PLXNA4 specifically. Potential biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease - Read more

New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Piled up drugs [29/07/2014] About 100 drugs already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for other purposes can also prevent the growth of certain bacterial pathogens inside human cells, including those that cause Legionnaires' disease, brucellosis, and Mediterranean spotted fever. New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections - Read more

Potential 'universal' blood test for cancer discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood dropping on a test strip [29/07/2014] Researchers from the University of Bradford, UK, have devised a simple blood test that can be used to diagnose whether people have cancer or not. The test will enable doctors to rule out cancer in patients presenting with certain symptoms, saving time and preventing costly and unnecessary invasive procedures such as colonoscopies and biopsies being carried out.Potential 'universal' blood test for cancer discovered - Read more

Breaking down cancer's barrier against treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A cancer cell [28/07/2014] Canser Research UK scientists at Barts Cancer Institute have found that targeting a molecule in blood vessels can make cancer therapy significantly more effective, according to a new research. Breaking down cancer's barrier against treatment - Read more

One step closer to cell therapy for multiple sclerosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Old man in a wheelchair [28/07/2014] Scientists at The New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) Research Institute are one step closer to creating a viable cell replacement therapy for multiple sclerosis from a patient's own cells.One step closer to cell therapy for multiple sclerosis - Read more

Monitoring pulse after stroke may prevent second stroke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Person measuring another one's pulse [25/07/2014] New research suggests that regularly monitoring your pulse after a stroke or the pulse of a loved one who has experienced a stroke may be a simple and effective first step in detecting irregular heartbeat, a major cause of having a second stroke.Monitoring pulse after stroke may prevent second stroke - Read more

Statement by Joachim Schäfer, Managing Director of Messe Düsseldorf, concerning COMPAMED 2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/07/2014] Medical technology still is among the fastest growing industries worldwide. However, the growth of the demand volume even in emerging markets is less based on volume expansion but more driven by targeted investments in modern systems and procedures. It seems that especially innovation-driven medical technology companies have an advantage here. Statement by Joachim Schäfer, Managing Director of Messe Düsseldorf, concerning COMPAMED 2014 - Read more

Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older couple cycling [25/07/2014] Medicine focuses almost entirely on fighting chronic diseases in a piecemeal fashion as symptoms develop. Instead, more efforts should be directed to promoting interventions that have the potential to prevent multiple chronic diseases and extend healthy lifespans.Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging - Read more

Gene variant: heart disease risk factor for women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Woman holding her heart [24/07/2014] Historically, it was thought that heart disease was a men's-only disease, however, data has shown that post-menopausal women are just as likely as men to get heart disease and are less likely to be adequately diagnosed and treated. New research from Western University brings to light a genetic basis for heart disease in women and helps to identify which women are more prone to heart disease.Gene variant: heart disease risk factor for women - Read more

Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A dust mite [24/07/2014] If you’re allergic to dust mites (and chances are you are), help may be on the way. Researchers at the University of Iowa have developed a vaccine that can combat dust-mite allergies by naturally switching the body’s immune response. Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies - Read more

Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: Sign advertizing organ donation [23/07/2014] Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles - Read more

Preventing foodborne illness, naturally - with cinnamon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of yellow cinnamon oil [23/07/2014] Seeking ways to prevent some of the most serious foodborne illnesses caused by pathogenic bacteria, two Washington State University scientists have found promise in an ancient but common cooking spice: cinnamon.Preventing foodborne illness, naturally - with cinnamon - Read more

Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Helical trajectory followed by swimming bacterial cells [22/07/2014] When it comes to swimming, the bodies of some bacteria are more than just dead weight, according to new research from Brown University.Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers - Read more

Human platelets from next-generation bioreactor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A woman donating blood [22/07/2014] Scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have developed a scalable, next-generation platelet bioreactor to generate fully functional human platelets in vitro. The work is a major biomedical advancement that will help address blood transfusion needs worldwide.Human platelets from next-generation bioreactor - Read more

More people in the UK complaining about their doctors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A man is throwing a complaint in a box [21/07/2014] Report analyses the rise in doctor fitness to practice complaints made by the public to the General Medical Council.More people in the UK complaining about their doctors - Read more

New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of a HIV virus [21/07/2014] The most critical barrier for curing HIV-1 infection is the presence of the viral reservoir, the cells in which the HIV virus can lie dormant for many years and avoid elimination by antiretroviral drugs. Very little has been known about when and where the viral reservoir is established during acute HIV-1 infection, or the extent to which it is susceptible to early antiretroviral therapy (ART).New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir - Read more

World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Face of a young woman [21/07/2014] Look twice first and then act! This year’s World Hepatitis Day takes place under the motto “Think again.” World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2014 - Read more

Antivirals underprescribed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Doctor who explains the use of medicine to her patient [18/07/2014] Patients likely to benefit the most from antiviral therapy for influenza were prescribed these drugs infrequently during the 2012-2013 influenza season, while antibiotics may have been overprescribed. The findings suggest more efforts are needed to educate clinicians about the appropriate use of antivirals and antibiotics in the outpatient setting.Antivirals underprescribed - Read more

Death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Look inside an ambulance [18/07/2014] When a medical emergency strikes, our gut tells us to get to the nearest hospital quickly. But a new study suggests that busier emergency centers may actually give the best chance of surviving – especially for people suffering life-threatening medical crises.Death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers - Read more

Cases of superbug significantly rise in southeastern US

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse and patient at intensive care unit [17/07/2014] Cases of the highly contagious, drug-resistant bacteria, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), have increased fivefold in community hospitals in the Southeastern United States, according to a new study.Cases of superbug significantly rise in southeastern US - Read more

Study maps EU school food policies for the first time

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: School children eating lunch together [17/07/2014] As part of the European Commission's efforts to help reduce childhood obesity, the Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre (JRC), has published the first comprehensive report on school food policies in Europe.Study maps EU school food policies for the first time - Read more

3D printed anatomy marks a new era for medical training

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Anatomy of the upper part of the body [16/07/2014] The creators of a unique kit containing anatomical body parts produced by 3D printing say it will revolutionize medical education and training, especially in countries where cadaver use is problematical. 3D printed anatomy marks a new era for medical training - Read more

Teaching the brain to reduce pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A foot about to step on needles [16/07/2014] People can be conditioned to feel less pain when they hear a neutral sound, new research from the University of Luxembourg has found. This lends weight to the idea that we can learn to use mind-over-matter to beat pain.Teaching the brain to reduce pain - Read more

Researchers invent nanotech microchip to diagnose type-1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Woman who syringes insulin [15/07/2014] An inexpensive, portable, microchip-based test for diagnosing type-1 diabetes could improve patient care worldwide and help researchers better understand the disease, according to the device's inventors at the Stanford University School of Medicine.Researchers invent nanotech microchip to diagnose type-1 diabetes - Read more

Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Blood under microscope [15/07/2014] The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step further. A group led by University of Wisconsin-Madison stem cell researcher Igor Slukvin reports the discovery of two genetic programs responsible for taking blank-slate stem cells and turning them into both red and the array of white cells that make up human blood.Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood - Read more

Electronic health records make clinical trials less expensive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A medical team using electronic health records [14/07/2014] Using electronic health records to understand the best available treatment for patients, from a range of possible options, is more efficient and less costly for taxpayers than the existing clinical trial process, a new study shows.Electronic health records make clinical trials less expensive - Read more

Injected vaccine could help eradicate polio

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: a syringe is filled with vaccine [14/07/2014] Re-introducing a type of polio vaccine that fell out of favor in the 1960s could hasten eradication of the disease, according to new research. The study suggests that the injected polio vaccine (IPV) could provide better and longer lasting protection against infection if used in combination with the more commonly used live oral polio vaccine (OPV). Injected vaccine could help eradicate polio - Read more

Protein pushes breast cancer cells to metastasize

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Precaution against breastcancer with mammography [11/07/2014] Using an innovative tool that captures heretofore hidden ways that cells are regulated, scientists at Rockefeller University have identified a protein that makes breast cancer cells more likely to metastasize.Protein pushes breast cancer cells to metastasize - Read more

Study reveals protective role for specialized cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Professor David Lo with a student [11/07/2014] Research in the UCR School of Medicine laboratory of David Lo found that certain cells of the epithelium have a potentially important role in immune surveillance – creating an electrostatic repulsion field to microbial invasion.Study reveals protective role for specialized cells - Read more

Blocking cells' movement to stop the spread of cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: cell [10/07/2014] Insights into how cells move through the body could lead to innovative techniques to stop cancer cells from spreading and causing secondary tumors, according to new UCL research. Scientists discovered that cells can change into an invasive, liquid-like state to readily navigate the narrow channels in our body. Blocking cells' movement to stop the spread of cancer - Read more

Malaria: New details about an old pathogen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Mosquito stings and transfers malaria [10/07/2014] A previously unknown type of gene regulation involving the malaria pathogen has been discovered by an international team of researchers. Scientists from the University of Würzburg were among the party. It remains to be seen whether the discovery will lead to the development of new drugs. Malaria: New details about an old pathogen - Read more

Metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: a microscope with which DNA is examined [09/07/2014] A research team at the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta have discovered a new way by which metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA, the basis of our genetic code. The findings may have important implications for the understanding of many common diseases, including cancer.Metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA - Read more

Parkinson‘s disease: genetic defect triggers damages in neurons

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Change of the brain at Parkinson's patients [09/07/2014] Genetic variants in a gene referred to as GBA1 (glucocerebrosidase) are associated to an increased risk for Parkinson’s. Researchers of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) and the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research have now pinpointed the consequences that genetic variations in GBA1 have on neurons.Parkinson‘s disease: genetic defect triggers damages in neurons - Read more

Finding real value in big data for public health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: An asian woman holding Big Data in her hands [08/07/2014] Media reports of public health breakthroughs made possible by big data have been largely oversold, according to a new study.Finding real value in big data for public health - Read more

Regular nutrition screenings in geriatric health assessment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man eating a pear [08/07/2014] As older adults typically have one or more chronic health conditions that can affect dietary intake, malnutrition has been identified as a serious problem. This has given rise to the recommendation that nutrition screenings be a mandatory part of the comprehensive geriatric analysis (CGA).Regular nutrition screenings in geriatric health assessment - Read more

'Nanojuice' could improve how doctors examine the gut

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of coloured nanjuice [07/07/2014] It may help diagnose irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease and other gastrointestinal illnesses.'Nanojuice' could improve how doctors examine the gut - Read more

Researchers uncover new knowledge about our intestines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the interstines and small intestines [07/07/2014] Researchers from DTU Systems Biology have mapped 500 previously unknown microorganisms in human intestinal flora as well as 800 also unknown bacterial viruses, also called bacteriophages, which attack intestinal bacteria.Researchers uncover new knowledge about our intestines - Read more

New health services needed for rise in 100-year-olds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Old Asian woman smiling [04/07/2014] Over 35,000 people lived to 100 years or more in England over the last ten years, with a large proportion subsequently dying from frailty exacerbated by pneumonia, according to a new study by King's College London. With the number of centenarians set to grow, end-of-life care needs to be tailored to the increasing frailty in this age group, warn the King's palliative care researchers.New health services needed for rise in 100-year-olds - Read more

New tool helps guide brain cancer surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mass spectrometer [04/07/2014] A tool to help brain surgeons test and more precisely remove cancerous tissue was successfully used during surgery, according to a Purdue University and Brigham and Women's Hospital study.New tool helps guide brain cancer surgery - Read more

Hepatitis C may help transplant patients adapt to new liver

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:  Liver [03/07/2014] Transplant patients can develop tolerance to new livers even if they have hepatitis C, according to a new study led by King’s College London and the University of Barcelona. Contrary to what was previously thought, infected patients are not at greater risk of organ rejection and their heightened immune response may actually help the body to adapt to a new liver. Hepatitis C may help transplant patients adapt to new liver - Read more

Seeing your true colors: standards for hyperspectral imaging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hyperspectral imaging [03/07/2014] Today, doctors who really want to see if a wound is healing have to do a biopsy or some other invasive technique that can really only offer information about a small area. A technology called hyperspectral imaging offers doctors a noninvasive, painless way to discriminate between healthy and diseased tissue.Seeing your true colors: standards for hyperspectral imaging - Read more

Efforts to cut unnecessary blood testing bring major decreases in health care spending

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo:  Glass tube filled with blood [02/07/2014] Researchers at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center used two relatively simple tactics to significantly reduce the number of unnecessary blood tests to assess symptoms of heart attack and chest pain and to achieve a large decrease in patient charges.Efforts to cut unnecessary blood testing bring major decreases in health care spending - Read more

Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Parents playing with their daughter [02/07/2014] Parents who have a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are about one third less likely to have more children than families without an affected child, according to a study led by a UC San Francisco researcher.Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids - Read more