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You are here: MEDICA Portal. Our Topics in 2009.

Topic of the Month March: Blood

Chemical strategy hints at better drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man taking drops from a drug bottle [27/06/2014] By swapping replacement parts into the backbone of a synthetic hormone, UW–Madison graduate student Ross Cheloha and his mentor, Sam Gellman, have built a version of a parathyroid hormone that resists degradation in laboratory mice.Chemical strategy hints at better drugs - Read more

Endocrine disruptors impair human sperm function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman buying bottled water [16/05/2014] Ultraviolet filters, preservatives, and plasticizers may be responsible for fertility problems: A plethora of endocrine-disrupting chemicals interfere with human sperm function in a way that may have a negative impact on fertilization.Endocrine disruptors impair human sperm function - Read more

Prostate Cancer: PSA-testing and Early Treatment Decrease Risk of Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Old patient and doctor [18/03/2014] Mortality in prostate cancer is lower in areas with frequent use of PSA testing compared with areas with little testing shows a study published online today in Journal of the National Cancer Institute by researchers from Umeå University, Sweden and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.Prostate Cancer: PSA-testing and Early Treatment Decrease Risk of Death - Read more

Employment: Questionnaires Might Reveal More Than You Think

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medical questionnaire [17/03/2014] Your answers on psychological questionnaires, including some of the ones that some employers give their employees, might have a distinct biological signature. New research indeed demonstrates overlap between what workers feel and what their bodies actually manifest.Employment: Questionnaires Might Reveal More Than You Think - Read more

Asthma: Passive Smoking Impairs Treatment Response

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child and mother [21/02/2014] Children exposed to cigarette smoke at home have lower levels of an enzyme that helps them respond to asthma treatment, a study has found.Asthma: Passive Smoking Impairs Treatment Response - Read more

Cancer: Preventing Eggs' Death from Chemotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Egg [20/06/2013] Scientists discover cause of immature eggs' death from cancer drug and how to prevent it.Cancer: Preventing Eggs' Death from Chemotherapy - Read more

Gender Medicine: Women Suffer from the Male Patient Pattern

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/01/2013] Gender medicine was born in the U.S. in the 90s. Since 2003, German researchers have also been focusing on gender differences for therapies. When it comes to a heart attack for instance, men generally complain about chest pain. Women on the other hand describe several symptoms, which often results in a delayed diagnosis.Gender Medicine: Women Suffer from the Male Patient Pattern - Read more

Brain: How Social Isolation Disrupts Myelin Production

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Isolated man [15/11/2012] Animals that are socially isolated for prolonged periods make less myelin in the region of the brain responsible for complex emotional and cognitive behavior, researchers at the University at Buffalo say.Brain: How Social Isolation Disrupts Myelin Production - Read more

Nutrition: Limiting Carbs Reduces Risk for Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fastfood [15/11/2012] An experimental diet with carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinner could benefit people suffering from severe and morbid obesity, according to new research at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.Nutrition: Limiting Carbs Reduces Risk for Diabetes - Read more

Cancer: New Scanner Halves Radiation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physicists research [28/08/2012] Current cancer examinations involve high levels of radiation. Based on the Big Bang research in CERN, particle physicists at University in Oslo have created a brand new technology that combines the PET and MR medical imaging technologies. This combination involves much less radiation than current technology.Cancer: New Scanner Halves Radiation - Read more

Hormones: Therapeutic Avenues for Parkinson's Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Central nervous system [24/08/2012] Body's own hormone shows promise in protecting dopamine, leading to possible treatments. Now, scientists at the University of Houston (UH) have discovered what may possibly be a key ingredient in the fight against Parkinson's disease.Hormones: Therapeutic Avenues for Parkinson's Disease - Read more

Goal-directed Behaviour: Stress Hormones Switch Off Areas of The Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Stressed man [25/07/2012] Cognition psychologists at the Ruhr-Universität together with colleagues from the University Hospital Bergmannsheil have discovered why stressed persons are more likely to lapse back into habits than to behave goal-directed.Goal-directed Behaviour: Stress Hormones Switch Off Areas of The Brain - Read more

Hormonal Balance: Feel-good Glass for Windows

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman; linked to [04/07/2012] Daylight acts on our body clock and stimulates the brain. Fraunhofer researchers have made use of this knowledge and worked with industry partners to develop a coating for panes of glass that lets through more light. Above all, it promotes the passage through the glass of those wavelengths of light that govern our hormonal balance.Hormonal Balance: Feel-good Glass for Windows - Read more

Personalized Medicine: Patients on the wrong path

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2012] While many physicians immediately think of biomarkers, genetic fingerprinting and new possibilities for cancer treatments when they hear the key words personalized medicine, most patients view the issue differently. They rightly assume that means they receive a treatment that places them in the center – and not just their genes. Personalized Medicine: Patients on the wrong path - Read more

Women: Treating Vitamin D Deficiency May Improve Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vitamin D [28/06/2012] Women with moderate to severe depression had substantial improvement in their symptoms of depression after they received treatment for their vitamin D deficiency, a new study finds.Women: Treating Vitamin D Deficiency May Improve Depression - Read more

Thyroid: Gene Expression Test Identifies Low-risk Nodules

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Thyroid [27/06/2012] A new test can be used to identify low-risk thyroid nodules, reducing unnecessary surgeries for people with thyroid nodules that have indeterminate results after biopsy – according to researchers of the University of Pennsylvania.Thyroid: Gene Expression Test Identifies Low-risk Nodules - Read more

Men: Low Testosterone Levels Could Raise Diabetes Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/05/2012] Scientists of the University of Edinburgh have found that low testosterone levels are linked to a resistance to insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar levels.Men: Low Testosterone Levels Could Raise Diabetes Risk - Read more

Gender Determination: “Intersexuality is not a disease“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/04/2012] Most people are clearly female or male. Nature however – human nature as well – also knows other gender types. Intersexuality has always been around in the world and now it is time for society and medical science to finally accept it.Gender Determination: “Intersexuality is not a disease“ - Read more

Bipolar Disorder: Body Clocks May Hold Key for Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Alarm clock [14/03/2012] Scientists have gained insight into why lithium salts are effective at treating bipolar disorder in what could lead to more targeted therapies with fewer side-effects.Bipolar Disorder: Body Clocks May Hold Key for Treatment - Read more

Diabetic Patients: Pancreatic Hormone Linked with Severe Heart Disease in Obese

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart and stethoscope [17/02/2012] Severe heart damage in people who are obese and diabetic is linked with a pancreatic hormone called amylin, University of California Davis researchers have found. In the failing hearts of patients who were obese and diabetic, the scientists discovered strings of proteins, small fibres and plaques made of amylin, the hormone that produces the feeling of being full after eating.Diabetic Patients: Pancreatic Hormone Linked with Severe Heart Disease in Obese - Read more

Overweight Adults: Diet Rich in Slowly Digested Carbs Reduces Markers of Inflammation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/01/2012] Among overweight and obese adults, a diet rich in slowly digested carbohydrates, such as whole grains, legumes and other high-fibre foods, significantly reduces markers of inflammation associated with chronic disease, according to a new study by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Centre.Overweight Adults: Diet Rich in Slowly Digested Carbs Reduces Markers of Inflammation - Read more

Memory Capacity: “During times of stress, our inner autopilot tTakes the lead“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2011] You are on the edge of your nerves and you can no longer think clearly - stress is a phenomenon that all of us have probably experienced at one point or another. The way individual people deal with stress may be different, but the body processes always work the same way.Memory Capacity: “During times of stress, our inner autopilot tTakes the lead“ - Read more

Brain: New Clues to Development of Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/11/2011] Neuroscientists at Stanford University School of Medicine have homed in on potential differences in autistic people's brain cells by studying brain like spheres grown in an elaborate process from skin cells.Brain: New Clues to Development of Autism - Read more

Diabetes: Hormonal Role in Glucose and Fat Metabolism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/10/2011] Hormone researchers at the University of Houston (UH) have their sights set on providing long-term treatment options for diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular diseases by better understanding estradiol, the most potent naturally occurring oestrogen.Diabetes: Hormonal Role in Glucose and Fat Metabolism - Read more

Women: Breast Cancer Patients with BRCA Gene Diagnosed Earlier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drawing of Woman touches her breast; linked to [13/09/2011] Women with a deleterious gene mutation are diagnosed with breast cancer almost eight years earlier than relatives of the previous generation who also had the disease and/or ovarian cancer, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.Women: Breast Cancer Patients with BRCA Gene Diagnosed Earlier - Read more

Kidney Patients: Hormone That Predicts Premature Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kidney-schematic; linked to [12/09/2011] Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have found that high levels of a specific hormone can predict which kidney patients will develop heart problems, require dialysis or die prematurely.Kidney Patients: Hormone That Predicts Premature Death - Read more

Studies: Treatments for Breast and Colon Cancers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/08/2011] University of Houston (UH) researchers have their sights set on developing possible treatments for breast and colon cancer. In two separate, yet related, studies professor Cecilia Williams and her team at the Center for Nuclear Receptors and Cell Signaling (CNRCS) explored the role of estrogen hormones in potentially treating and preventing these cancers.Studies: Treatments for Breast and Colon Cancers - Read more

Pituitary Cells: Unexpected Discovery on Hormone Secretion

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/07/2011] A team of geneticists at the Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal (IRCM), directed by Doctor Jacques Drouin, made an unexpected discovery on hormone secretion. Contrary to common belief, the researchers found that pituitary cells are organized in structured networks. Pituitary Cells: Unexpected Discovery on Hormone Secretion - Read more

Hormones: Testosterone Protects against Inflammation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man's arm [27/07/2011] It’s all down to the testosterone: men are usually more muscular than women, they have deeper voices and more body hair. And – men are less susceptible to inflammatory diseases and allergies than women. This is also due to the male sex hormones as pharmacists at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena in Germany have shown in a recent study.Hormones: Testosterone Protects against Inflammation - Read more

Hormone Leptin: High Amounts Linked to Decreased Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2011] Women who have higher levels of the appetite-controlling hormone leptin have fewer symptoms of depression, and this apparent inverse relationship is not related to body mass index (BMI), a new study finds.Hormone Leptin: High Amounts Linked to Decreased Depression - Read more

Other-directed or self-directed? - Man under the influence of hormones

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/06/2011] When in doubt, hormones are to be blamed. When you are in a bad mood, act too hastily or strangely the chemical messengers are listed as a popular cause – and this affects men the same way as women.Other-directed or self-directed? - Man under the influence of hormones - Read more

Breast Cancer: Oestrogen Reduces Aggression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/02/2011] A team of researchers has revealed that oestrogen can reduce the risk of breast cancer. Their work shows that oestrogen is capable of reducing the number of breast cancer stem cells, which may explain the lower aggression of the tumour and, as a consequence, the possibility of a better prognosis. Breast Cancer: Oestrogen Reduces Aggression - Read more

Cancer: Estrogen May Help Precancerous Cells Spread in Oral Cavity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2011] Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common type of cancer and is on the rise in some demographic groups, including young women without any known risk factors. Now, researchers report that estrogen may increase the movement of precancerous cells in the mouth and thus promote the spread of the disease within the oral cavity.Cancer: Estrogen May Help Precancerous Cells Spread in Oral Cavity - Read more

Too Much of a Good Thing: Important Mechanism in Hormone-Sensitive Breast Cancer Uncovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Important Mechanism in Hormone-Sensitive Breast Cancer Uncovered [25/11/2010] In two out of three breast tumors, extraordinarily high levels of the estrogen receptor ERá are found. Scientists of the German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ) have now uncovered a mechanism which causes this overproduction. Too Much of a Good Thing: Important Mechanism in Hormone-Sensitive Breast Cancer Uncovered - Read more

High Stress Hormone: More Cardiovascular Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/09/2010] Study suggests high cortisol levels may be harmful to cardiovascular system.High Stress Hormone: More Cardiovascular Mortality - Read more

Guideline: Screening of Newborns for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/09/2010] The Endocrine Society (USA) released a new clinical practice guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The guideline features a series of evidence-based clinical recommendations developed by an expert task force.Guideline: Screening of Newborns for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia - Read more

Obesity: Hormone Increases Desire for High-calorie Foods

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Burger [22/06/2010] The "hunger" hormone ghrelin, which acts in the brain to stimulate hunger and increase food intake, heightens the appeal of high-calorie foods over low-calorie foods, according to a new study.Obesity: Hormone Increases Desire for High-calorie Foods - Read more

Higher Anxiety: Depression Among Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with drepression [17/06/2010] Researchers found out that stress signals function differently in female brains and male brains. There may be a biological reason why depression and other stress-related psychiatric disorders are more common among women compared to men.Higher Anxiety: Depression Among Women - Read more

Emotions: Hormone Spray Improves Male Sensitivity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Hormone Spray Improves Male Sensitivity [11/05/2010] The neuropeptide oytocin enhances male empathy. This substance also increases sensitivity to so-called “social multipliers”, such as approving or disapproving looks.Emotions: Hormone Spray Improves Male Sensitivity - Read more

Heart: Cortisol Levels Influence Death Rate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Cortisol Levels Influence Death Rate [30/04/2010] High blood cortisol levels significantly increases death rate in patients with acute coronary syndrome, researchers have found.Heart: Cortisol Levels Influence Death Rate - Read more

Diabetes: Artificial Pancreas Controls Blood Sugar

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/04/2010] An artificial pancreas system that mimics the body's blood sugar control mechanism was able to maintain near-normal glucose levels without causing hypoglycemia in a small group of patients, according to researchers.Diabetes: Artificial Pancreas Controls Blood Sugar - Read more

Ageing: Estrogen not Cause of Osteoporosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Estrogen not Cause of Osteoporosis [04/03/2010] Marking a shift in decades of thought on the cause of osteoporosis, researchers have identified an age-related mechanism – not a decrease of the hormone estrogen – as the primary culprit.Ageing: Estrogen not Cause of Osteoporosis - Read more

Asperger Syndrome: Autism Linked To Stress Hormones

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Autism Linked To Stress Hormones [03/04/2009] Some of the symptoms of the autistic condition Asperger Syndrome, such as a need for routine and resistance to change, could be linked to levels of the stress hormone cortisol, suggests new research.Asperger Syndrome: Autism Linked To Stress Hormones - Read more

Biomarkers: Hormones Can Predict Menopause

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Hormones Can Predict Menopause [28/10/2008] Investigators have provided new information about hormonal biomarkers that can address the beginning of the menopause transition.Biomarkers: Hormones Can Predict Menopause - Read more

Hormone Replacement Therapy: „Those Affected Fall Ill in Younger Age“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2008] The discussion about breast cancer and hormone replacement therapy started in the USA years ago. Back then, a study stated that hormones raised the risk of falling ill. Critics pointed out flaws of the investigation. Hence, German researchers took up the subject once again. Hormone Replacement Therapy: „Those Affected Fall Ill in Younger Age“ - Read more

Bladder: Pregnancy May Shield From Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Pregnancy May Shield From Cancer [02/07/2008] Pregnancy seems to confer some protection against bladder cancer in mice, scientists have found. Bladder: Pregnancy May Shield From Cancer - Read more

Gynaecology: 'Dry Eye' May be Linked to Sex Hormones

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/02/2004] Women whose ovaries prematurely cease functioning may be at a greater risk for dry eye symptoms, according to a large study carried out at the National Eye Institute, Bethesda.Gynaecology: 'Dry Eye' May be Linked to Sex Hormones - Read more

 
 

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