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Topic of the Month October: Laser Medicine

Our genes determine the traces that stress leaves behind on our brains

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: The brain in our head [20/08/2014] Our individual genetic make-up determines the effect that stress has on our emotional centers. These are the findings of a group of researchers from the Medical University Vienna. Not every individual reacts in the same way to life events that produce the same degree of stress. Our genes determine the traces that stress leaves behind on our brains - Read more

Health at the workplace - also in old age

Health at the workplace - also in old age [17/06/2014] Burnout syndrome, nutritional disturbances, depression – job-related stress is becoming an increasingly frequent cause of long absences from work. Many employers are aware of this, and actively contribute in promoting the health of their employees. The City of Cologne, Germany, also noticed that it needs to promote the health of its employees. Health at the workplace - also in old age - Read more

Employment: Questionnaires Might Reveal More Than You Think

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medical questionnaire [17/03/2014] Your answers on psychological questionnaires, including some of the ones that some employers give their employees, might have a distinct biological signature. New research indeed demonstrates overlap between what workers feel and what their bodies actually manifest.Employment: Questionnaires Might Reveal More Than You Think - Read more

Resourcefulness: How Moms with Children on Life-Sustaining Devices Stay Healthy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Familiy with five children [19/02/2014] Moms of children on life-sustaining devices embrace tips for managing over-stressed lives, CWRU pilot study finds.Resourcefulness: How Moms with Children on Life-Sustaining Devices Stay Healthy - Read more

UK: Thatcher's Policies Condemned for Causing 'Unjust Premature Death'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Union Jack, Red Bus, Signs of London [13/02/2014] Dr Alex Scott-Samuel and colleagues from the Universities of Durham, West of Scotland, Glasgow and Edinburgh, sourced data from over 70 existing research papers, which concludes that the former prime minister's legacy "includes the unnecessary and unjust premature death of many British citizens, together with a substantial and continuing burden of suffering and loss of well-being."UK: Thatcher's Policies Condemned for Causing 'Unjust Premature Death' - Read more

Underestimated Psychological Burdens from Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood sugar measurement [08/10/2013] The OECD countries have 83 million people suffering from diabetes; by 2030 this figure will increase to 100 million. The massive psychosocial effects of the disease on diabetics and their families are largely underestimated.Underestimated Psychological Burdens from Diabetes - Read more

Pregnancy: Effect of Air Pollution and Psychological Distress

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnant Woman [07/10/2013] Maternal psychological distress combined with exposure to air pollution during pregnancy have an adverse impact on the child's behavioural development, according to researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health. Pregnancy: Effect of Air Pollution and Psychological Distress - Read more

Grandparents and Grandchildren: Strong Relationships Reduce Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Grandparents and grandchild [12/08/2013] A new study shows that grandparents and grandchildren have real, measurable effects on each other's psychological well-being long into grandchildren's adulthood.Grandparents and Grandchildren: Strong Relationships Reduce Depression - Read more

Well-Being: Positive Outlook Reduces Cardiac Events

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Happy couple [11/07/2013] People with cheerful temperaments are significantly less likely to suffer a coronary event such as a heart attack or sudden cardiac death, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.Well-Being: Positive Outlook Reduces Cardiac Events - Read more

Schizophrenia: New Findings on Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Head pain [22/01/2013] A new study from Lund University in Sweden and Stanford University in the United States shows that the average life expectancy of men and women with schizophrenia is 15 years and 12 years shorter respectively than for those who do not suffer from the disease.Schizophrenia: New Findings on Mortality - Read more

Blood Test: Identifying Trauma Patients at Risk of Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood test [18/01/2013] A simple, inexpensive blood test performed on trauma patients upon admission can help doctors easily identify patients at greatest risk of death, according to a new study by researchers at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City.Blood Test: Identifying Trauma Patients at Risk of Death - Read more

Women: Early Stress Linked to Later Anxiety

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Desperate girl [13/11/2012] High levels of family stress in infancy are linked to differences in everyday brain function and anxiety in teenage girls, according to new results of a long-running population study by University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists.Women: Early Stress Linked to Later Anxiety - Read more

Risk of Suicide: Close Contact with Young People Has No Effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with depression [23/08/2012] Researchers, doctors and patients tend to agree that during the high-risk period after an attempted suicide, the treatment of choice is close contact, follow-up and personal interaction in order to prevent a tragic repeat. Now, however, new research shows that this strategy does not work.Risk of Suicide: Close Contact with Young People Has No Effect - Read more

Brain: Tool to Track Real-time Chemical Changes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain [16/07/2012] Mayo Clinic researchers have found a novel way to monitor real-time chemical changes in the brains of patients undergoing deep brain stimulation (DBS). The insight will help physicians more effectively use DBS to treat brain disorders such as Parkinson's disease, depression and Tourette syndrome.Brain: Tool to Track Real-time Chemical Changes - Read more

Women: Treating Vitamin D Deficiency May Improve Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vitamin D [28/06/2012] Women with moderate to severe depression had substantial improvement in their symptoms of depression after they received treatment for their vitamin D deficiency, a new study finds.Women: Treating Vitamin D Deficiency May Improve Depression - Read more

Post-stroke Patients: Depression Linked to Brain Impairment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with depression [05/06/2012] Researchers studying stroke patients have found a strong association between impairments in a network of the brain involved in emotional regulation and the severity of post-stroke depression.Post-stroke Patients: Depression Linked to Brain Impairment - Read more

Major Depression: Blood Test Measuring Genetic Marker

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl sad [18/04/2012] A Northwestern University scientist has developed the first blood test to diagnose major depression in teens, a breakthrough approach that allows an objective diagnosis by measuring a specific set of genetic markers found in a patient's blood. The current method of diagnosing depression is subjective.Major Depression: Blood Test Measuring Genetic Marker - Read more

Brain Pacemakers: Therapeutic Approach for Patients with Severe Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man with depression [05/04/2012] Brain pacemakers have a long-term effect in patients with the most severe depression. This has now been proven by scientists from the Bonn University Medical Centre. Eleven patients took part in the study over a period of two to five years. A lasting reduction in symptoms of more than 50 per cent was seen in nearly half of the subjects.Brain Pacemakers: Therapeutic Approach for Patients with Severe Depression - Read more

Psychology: Does the Brain 'Remember' Antidepressants?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain [28/03/2012] While the relationship between prior treatment and the brain's response to subsequent treatment is unknown, a new study by University of California – Los Angeles researchers suggests that how the brain responds to antidepressant medication may be influenced by its remembering of past antidepressant exposure.Psychology: Does the Brain 'Remember' Antidepressants? - Read more

Depression: Increasing of Death Risk in Coronary Stent Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/03/2012] After seven years of follow up, depressed patients were 1.5 times more likely to have died than non-depressed patients. The findings were independent of age, gender, clinical characteristics, anxiety and the distressed (Type D) personality.Depression: Increasing of Death Risk in Coronary Stent Patients - Read more

Bipolar Disorder: Body Clocks May Hold Key for Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Alarm clock [14/03/2012] Scientists have gained insight into why lithium salts are effective at treating bipolar disorder in what could lead to more targeted therapies with fewer side-effects.Bipolar Disorder: Body Clocks May Hold Key for Treatment - Read more

Asperger Syndrome: Depression Common Among Young Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/03/2012] Given that almost 70 per cent of young adults with Asperger syndrome have suffered from depression, it is vital that psychiatric care staff are aware of this so that patients are given the right treatment, reveals research from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Asperger Syndrome: Depression Common Among Young Adults - Read more

Depression: Hyperactivity in Brain May Explain Multiple Symptoms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/02/2012] University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers have shown for the first time that people with depression have increased connections among most brain areas. Indeed, their brains are widely hyper connected. The report sheds new light on the brain dysfunction that causes depression and its wide array of symptoms.Depression: Hyperactivity in Brain May Explain Multiple Symptoms - Read more

Psychology: Taking Depression to Heart

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart [16/02/2012] Mental state can play a crucial role in physical health — medical professionals have long known about the connection between anxiety and the immune system, for example. Now researchers at Tel Aviv University have found that mental health can also interfere with the heart.Psychology: Taking Depression to Heart - Read more

Breast Cancer Survivors: Practicing Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Helps

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/01/2012] Previous research reports as many as 50 per cent of breast cancer survivors are depressed. Now, University of Missouri researchers say a meditation technique can help breast cancer survivors improve their emotional and physical well-being.Breast Cancer Survivors: Practicing Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Helps - Read more

Diagnosis and Treatment: Depression Among Elderly Depend on Racial, Cultural Factors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sad looking man [21/12/2011] Despite improvements to diagnostic tools and therapies in the two last decades, significant disparities in the diagnosis and treatment of depression remain, according to Rutgers University (USA) research.Diagnosis and Treatment: Depression Among Elderly Depend on Racial, Cultural Factors - Read more

Teacher Burnout: “The goal is to help the affected person in solving problems“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2011] In the mornings you are always right and in the afternoons you have time off – this prejudice about teachers is always quoted when teachers describe the struggles of their jobs. And yet it’s this profession in particular that’s acutely threatened by stress-related diseases such as burnout for instance. Teacher Burnout: “The goal is to help the affected person in solving problems“ - Read more

Psychology: Depression and Chronic Stress Accelerates Aging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/11/2011] People with recurrent depressions or those exposed to chronic stress exhibits shorter telomeres in white blood cells. This is shown by a research team at Umeå University (Sweden) in a coming issue of Biological Psychiatry.Psychology: Depression and Chronic Stress Accelerates Aging - Read more

Depression: Therapy via Internet Yields Good Results

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/09/2011] Treatment via the Internet enables many more patients to get help with their depression. This has been established by the psychologist Fredrik Holländare, who has studied the effects of Internet-based CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) both on ongoing depression and for preventing relapses.Depression: Therapy via Internet Yields Good Results - Read more

Living in a foreign land: “So far different countries have responded quite differently to the psychosocial needs of immigrants“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2011] Those who leave their home country to live in another one always take a part of their own culture with them – even in a global community that appears more and more linked to us. But how much does our native country still affect us in foreign lands and how do we handle it if professional or everyday situations lead us to feeling stressed out? Living in a foreign land: “So far different countries have responded quite differently to the psychosocial needs of immigrants“ - Read more

Mind in distress: Mental afflictions are the new civilization disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2011] The illness of depression affects about 121 million people worldwide and is among the most common causes of impending work incapacity. According to a WHO forecast, the number of affected people in the industrial nations will actually continue to rise – in the same way four other mental diseases will increase: alcohol addiction, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and dementia. Mind in distress: Mental afflictions are the new civilization disease - Read more

Good Sleepers: Better Quality of Life and Less Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/06/2011] Getting six to nine hours of sleep per night is associated with higher ratings for quality of life and lower ratings for depression. Good Sleepers: Better Quality of Life and Less Depression - Read more

Hormone Leptin: High Amounts Linked to Decreased Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2011] Women who have higher levels of the appetite-controlling hormone leptin have fewer symptoms of depression, and this apparent inverse relationship is not related to body mass index (BMI), a new study finds.Hormone Leptin: High Amounts Linked to Decreased Depression - Read more

Depression: Researchers Identify DNA Region

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/05/2011] Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and King’s College London have independently identified DNA on chromosome 3 that appears to be related to depression.Depression: Researchers Identify DNA Region - Read more

Side-effect: Depression in a Positive Light

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/05/2011] Sadness, apathy, preoccupation. These traits come to mind when people think about depression, the world's most frequently diagnosed mental disorder. Yet, forthcoming research, provides evidence that depression has a positive side-effect.Side-effect: Depression in a Positive Light - Read more

Brain: New Target for Developing Effective Anti-depressants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/04/2011] For the first time in a human model, scientists have discovered how anti-depressants make new brain cells. This means that researchers can now develop better and more efficient drugs to combat depression.Brain: New Target for Developing Effective Anti-depressants - Read more

New Discovery: Cause of Weight Problems in Huntingon’s Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Model of a brain [07/04/2011] Huntington’s disease has long been linked to jerky movements. Now, researchers in Lund, Sweden, have shown that the metabolism can also be seriously affected by the hereditary disease. New Discovery: Cause of Weight Problems in Huntingon’s Disease - Read more

Mice: Nurturing Newborn Neurons Sharpens Mind

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Newborn Neurons in Mice [04/04/2011] Researchers, for the first time, pinpointed the effects of enhanced adult neurogenesis by creating mice lacking a gene required for programmed cell death of newborn neurons in the adult hippocampus. Mice: Nurturing Newborn Neurons Sharpens Mind - Read more

Sjögren’s Syndrome: “It Is Not Very Well Known”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

“It Is Not Very Well Known” [01/02/2011] A dry mouth, the feeling of sand in the eyes, fatigue - almost everyone has had one of these symptoms before. But even if all symptoms occur together, almost no one thinks of the possibility that a disease with the awkward name Sjögren's Syndrome could be behind it. Sjögren’s Syndrome: “It Is Not Very Well Known” - Read more

Nutrition: A Deficiency of Dietary Omega-3 may Explain Depressive Behaviors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/01/2011] How maternal essential fatty acid deficiency impact on its progeny is poorly understood. Dietary insufficiency in omega-3 fatty acid has been implicated in many disorders. Researchers from Inserm and INRA and their collaborators in Spain collaboration, have studied mice fed on a diet low in omega-3 fatty acid. Nutrition: A Deficiency of Dietary Omega-3 may Explain Depressive Behaviors - Read more

Cortisol: Biological Changes in Suicidal Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2010] Depressed and suicidal individuals have low levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their blood and saliva. They also have substances in their spinal fluid that suggest there is increased inflammation in the brain. These findings could help to develop new methods for diagnosing and treating suicidal patients.Cortisol: Biological Changes in Suicidal Patients - Read more

Under Suspicion: Painkiller Could Increase Suicidal Ideation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Painkiller Could Increase Suicidal Ideation [24/11/2010] The active agent ziconotide, the synthetic toxin of the cone snail (Conus magus), was acclaimed a safe alternative to morphine when it was introduced six years ago. Now it is increasingly suspected of causing patients to commit suicide. Under Suspicion: Painkiller Could Increase Suicidal Ideation - Read more

Occupational Image: Every fifth physician is suffering from burnout!

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Every fifth physician is suffering from burnout! [01/11/2010] More and more doctors suffer from burnout during the course of their professional career. According to the report titled “Mental health at the work place“, currently already every fifth physicians is affected and the trend continues. Occupational Image: Every fifth physician is suffering from burnout! - Read more

Better Cognitive Function: With the Help of Moderate Drinking?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/08/2010] A large prospective study of 5033 men and women in the Tromsø Study in northern Norway has reported that moderate wine consumption is independently associated with better performance on cognitive tests. Better Cognitive Function: With the Help of Moderate Drinking? - Read more

The Psychology of Healing: Mind over Matter?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/08/2010] People suffering from diabetes-related foot ulcers show different rates of healing according to the way they cope and their psychological state of mind, according to new research by a health psychologist at The University of Nottingham.The Psychology of Healing: Mind over Matter? - Read more

Intoxicating Fragrance: Jasmine as Valium Substitute

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Jasmine flower [09/07/2010] Researchers discover unexpected effect of scents. The effect is comparable to potent psychotropic drugs. Instead of a sleeping pill or a mood enhancer, a nose full of jasmine from Gardenia jasminoides could also help.Intoxicating Fragrance: Jasmine as Valium Substitute - Read more

Postpartum Depression: More Than Just the Baby Blues

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Woman in a drepressive mood [18/06/2010] Within the first week after giving birth, up to 70 percent of all women experience symptoms of the baby blues. While most women recover quickly, up to 13 percent of all new mothers suffer from symptoms of a clinical-level postpartum depression.Postpartum Depression: More Than Just the Baby Blues - Read more

Male Desire: Preventing Suicides

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/06/2010] Masculine ideals of strength coupled with strong family ties can help men combat depression and overcome thoughts of suicide. Male Desire: Preventing Suicides - Read more

Higher Anxiety: Depression Among Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with drepression [17/06/2010] Researchers found out that stress signals function differently in female brains and male brains. There may be a biological reason why depression and other stress-related psychiatric disorders are more common among women compared to men.Higher Anxiety: Depression Among Women - Read more

Depression: Positive Outcomes Following Behavioural Therapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man and a woman talking [14/06/2010] Researchers based at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz have been able to demonstrate both the efficacy and the extent of the beneficial effect of routine psychotherapeutic treatment for depression. Depression: Positive Outcomes Following Behavioural Therapy - Read more

Pregnancy: Antidepressants increase risk of miscarriage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Antidepressants increase risk of miscarriage [02/06/2010] A new study found a 68 percent increase in the overall risk of miscarriage in pregnant women using antidepressants. Antidepressants are widely used in pregnancy and up to 3.7 percent of women will use them at some point during the first trimester. Pregnancy: Antidepressants increase risk of miscarriage - Read more

Routine Screening: For Postnatal Depression not Cost Effective

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/01/2010] Routine screening for postnatal depression in primary care - as recommended in recent guidance from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) - does not appear to represent value for money for the National Health Service (NHS). Routine Screening: For Postnatal Depression not Cost Effective - Read more

Eckart von Hirschhausen: “It’s Easy to Be Happy”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

“It’s Easy to Be Happy” [01/12/2009] Christmas is the celebration of love – actually. But for many people, it remains only a celebration of gifts. There is hardly anyone who knows better why this does not make us happy than the German “Happiness Doctor” Eckart von Hirschhausen. MEDICA.de spoke with the medical cabaret artist about good moods, van Gogh and medal winners. Eckart von Hirschhausen: “It’s Easy to Be Happy” - Read more

ADHD: What Stirs Up The Kid?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

What Stirs Up The Kid? [01/07/2009] If a child continuously disrupts class, always fidgets and annoys everybody, the diagnosis ADHD will be obvious in the eyes of many doctors. The reason of the disease is still unknown. Although it is also unclear how Ritalin works, a lot of little patients are medicated with this drug. ADHD: What Stirs Up The Kid? - Read more

Alzheimer's: When One Forgets That One Forgets

( Source: MEDICA.de )

When One Forgets That One Forgets [01/06/2009] Early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is important because drugs can decelerate the process in the beginning of the disease. However, the problem is that patients do not recognise their illness. And even medical staff often does not react if the first symptoms appear. Alzheimer's: When One Forgets That One Forgets - Read more

Heart Disease: Depression More Influential Than Genes Or Environment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/03/2009] A history of major depression increases the risk of heart disease over and above any genetic risks common to depression and heart disease, according to researchers. Heart Disease: Depression More Influential Than Genes Or Environment - Read more

Neuroprosthetics: „There Is no Need to Outline any Horror Scenarios“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/01/2009] Juice in the head: Neuroprosthetics which are connected to nerve endings in the brain electrically stimulate certain brain regions. Thus, the implants are supposed to reduce the effects of Parkinson’s or to help with depressions or the Tourette syndrome. Nevertheless, many people feel uneasy about the idea that a machine perches in their head possibly influencing their behaviour. Neuroprosthetics: „There Is no Need to Outline any Horror Scenarios“ - Read more

Transplant Psychology: Is It Really Mine?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2008] Transplantations are complex operations. Trying to cope psychologically with the intervention is almost as complicated as the surgery itself. Before the body part of a stranger is accepted as one’s own, patients often have to cope with an emotional rollercoaster. Transplant Psychology: Is It Really Mine? - Read more

Self-Management Program Beneficial for AMD Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Self-Management Program Beneficial for AMD Patients [10/12/2002] Individuals with vision loss caused by age-related macular degeneration (AMD), especially those who suffer from depression associated with their blinding condition, benefit significantly from a relatively simple six-week self-management program, according to new research.Self-Management Program Beneficial for AMD Patients - Read more

 
 

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