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Photo Galleries 2010

Breakthrough could resolve serious skin infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Bacterial infection on the skin [28/08/2014] Los Alamos National Laoratory and partners test ionic liquids to break bacterial biofilm layer and save lives. This work could have especially useful applications for military medical treatments where soldiers in the field can be exposed to bacterial infections that are particularly difficult to treat.Breakthrough could resolve serious skin infections - Read more

Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Illustration of the brain [20/08/2014] Investigators at the University of Southampton have discovered that two new vaccines can prevent the transmission of meningitis bacteria from person to person. The vaccines do this by reducing 'carriage' of the responsible bacteria in the nose and throats of the population.Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent - Read more

Keeping viruses at bay

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Viruses [13/08/2014] Previously, it was unclear how the immune system prevents viruses from simply donning molecular camouflage in order to escape detection. An international team of researchers from the University of Bonn Hospital and the London Research Institute have now discovered that our immunosensory system attacks viruses on a molecular level.Keeping viruses at bay - Read more

Malaria: chloroquine inhibits tumor growth and metastases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills and a clinical thermometer [12/08/2014] The anti-cancer effect of the antimalarial agent chloroquine when combined with conventional chemotherapy has been well documented in experimental animal models. To date, it was assumed that chloroquine increases the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapy by means of a direct effect on the cancer cells.Malaria: chloroquine inhibits tumor growth and metastases - Read more

New methods to identify MRSA in pigs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRSA culture in petri dish [06/08/2014] It is important to keep the number of MRSA infections at a low level. In a PhD project at the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, the latest technologies within whole genome sequencing were exploited to develop new methods to identify genes which are important for the survival of MRSA in pigs.New methods to identify MRSA in pigs - Read more

Hospitals: many small measures against infections and sepsis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2014] If neither the immune system nor antibiotics are able to control an infection, a sepsis can arise out of it – an infection that attacks several organs at the same time and causes the immune system to overreact. This is a life-threatening condition.Hospitals: many small measures against infections and sepsis - Read more

Hygiene: “The sensor applies the principle of so-called ‘photonic structures‘“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2014] Detecting infections quickly and reliably with the naked eye: This is what many doctors in hospitals and in the doctor's surgeries wish for. To make this dream come true, Prof. Dr. Holger Schönherr, a scientist from Siegen, is researching a sensor that should show an infection by a color change.Hygiene: “The sensor applies the principle of so-called ‘photonic structures‘“ - Read more

Multi-resistant bacteria want to conquer the world

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2014] Bacteria lurk everywhere: on the skin, in the intestines and in every puddle. Most of them that are hanging out in the human body are good bacteria. But not all of them. Those pathogens that exhibit resistance and are thus very hard to combat are the most dangerous kind. Their spread threatens people all over the world.Multi-resistant bacteria want to conquer the world - Read more

New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Piled up drugs [29/07/2014] About 100 drugs already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for other purposes can also prevent the growth of certain bacterial pathogens inside human cells, including those that cause Legionnaires' disease, brucellosis, and Mediterranean spotted fever. New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections - Read more

Preventing foodborne illness, naturally - with cinnamon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vials of yellow cinnamon oil [23/07/2014] Seeking ways to prevent some of the most serious foodborne illnesses caused by pathogenic bacteria, two Washington State University scientists have found promise in an ancient but common cooking spice: cinnamon.Preventing foodborne illness, naturally - with cinnamon - Read more

Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Helical trajectory followed by swimming bacterial cells [22/07/2014] When it comes to swimming, the bodies of some bacteria are more than just dead weight, according to new research from Brown University.Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers - Read more

Human platelets from next-generation bioreactor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A woman donating blood [22/07/2014] Scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have developed a scalable, next-generation platelet bioreactor to generate fully functional human platelets in vitro. The work is a major biomedical advancement that will help address blood transfusion needs worldwide.Human platelets from next-generation bioreactor - Read more

New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Depiction of a HIV virus [21/07/2014] The most critical barrier for curing HIV-1 infection is the presence of the viral reservoir, the cells in which the HIV virus can lie dormant for many years and avoid elimination by antiretroviral drugs. Very little has been known about when and where the viral reservoir is established during acute HIV-1 infection, or the extent to which it is susceptible to early antiretroviral therapy (ART).New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir - Read more

World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Face of a young woman [21/07/2014] Look twice first and then act! This year’s World Hepatitis Day takes place under the motto “Think again.” World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2014 - Read more

Antivirals underprescribed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Doctor who explains the use of medicine to her patient [18/07/2014] Patients likely to benefit the most from antiviral therapy for influenza were prescribed these drugs infrequently during the 2012-2013 influenza season, while antibiotics may have been overprescribed. The findings suggest more efforts are needed to educate clinicians about the appropriate use of antivirals and antibiotics in the outpatient setting.Antivirals underprescribed - Read more

Cases of superbug significantly rise in southeastern US

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nurse and patient at intensive care unit [17/07/2014] Cases of the highly contagious, drug-resistant bacteria, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), have increased fivefold in community hospitals in the Southeastern United States, according to a new study.Cases of superbug significantly rise in southeastern US - Read more

Injected vaccine could help eradicate polio

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: a syringe is filled with vaccine [14/07/2014] Re-introducing a type of polio vaccine that fell out of favor in the 1960s could hasten eradication of the disease, according to new research. The study suggests that the injected polio vaccine (IPV) could provide better and longer lasting protection against infection if used in combination with the more commonly used live oral polio vaccine (OPV). Injected vaccine could help eradicate polio - Read more

Study reveals protective role for specialized cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Professor David Lo with a student [11/07/2014] Research in the UCR School of Medicine laboratory of David Lo found that certain cells of the epithelium have a potentially important role in immune surveillance – creating an electrostatic repulsion field to microbial invasion.Study reveals protective role for specialized cells - Read more

Malaria: New details about an old pathogen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Mosquito stings and transfers malaria [10/07/2014] A previously unknown type of gene regulation involving the malaria pathogen has been discovered by an international team of researchers. Scientists from the University of Würzburg were among the party. It remains to be seen whether the discovery will lead to the development of new drugs. Malaria: New details about an old pathogen - Read more

eHealth may help prevent HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smartphone in the hands of a man [26/06/2014] While many HIV prevention interventions have traditionally been delivered face-to-face, a study from Columbia University School of Nursing suggests that digital outreach efforts delivered via text messages, interactive games, chat rooms, and social networks may be an effective way to reach at-risk younger men.eHealth may help prevent HIV - Read more

Immune system: not even cell death can stop the alarm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Confocal microscopy image of macrophages [26/06/2014] Even after a cell dies, components of the immune system remain active and continue to fuel inflammatory reactions. An international team of researchers under the direction of scientists from the Institute of Innate Immunity at the University Hospital of Bonn has discovered how this incredible form of communication works.Immune system: not even cell death can stop the alarm - Read more

Disinfection caps successful in CLABSI prevention

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand of a hospital patient with a central line [11/06/2014] Thanks to the simple use of an alcohol-impregnated cap, Loyola University Medical Center achieved a 68 percent decrease in the overall number of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) over a 12-month period.Disinfection caps successful in CLABSI prevention - Read more

Protein sharpens salmonella needle for attack

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Picture of tissue infected by salmonella [21/05/2014] A tiny nanoscale syringe is Salmonella’s weapon. Using this, the pathogen injects its molecular agents into the host cells and manipulates them to its own advantage.Protein sharpens salmonella needle for attack - Read more

Understanding aspirin's effect on wound healing offers hope for treating chronic wounds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor treats a wound on an arm [20/05/2014] In addition to its known capacity to promote bleeding events, aspirin also inhibits wound healing. New research now describes how aspirin acts on key skin cells called keratinocytes, delaying skin repair at wound sites. A better understanding of this process offers hope for the development of drugs to encourage wounds to heal.Understanding aspirin's effect on wound healing offers hope for treating chronic wounds - Read more

Wildlife: Increase in Rodent-borne Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Zebra [02/05/2014] Populations of large wildlife are declining around the world, while zoonotic diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans are on the rise.Wildlife: Increase in Rodent-borne Disease - Read more

Evolution: Development of HIV in North America

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: US flag and stethoscope [29/04/2014] A study tracing the evolution of HIV in North America involving researchers at Simon Fraser University has found evidence that the virus is slowly adapting over time to its human hosts. However, this change is so gradual that it is unlikely to have an impact on vaccine design.Evolution: Development of HIV in North America - Read more

Infections: Impact of Whooping Cough Vaccination Revealed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Coughing girl [29/04/2014] Comprehensive study shows effect of vaccination on spread and diversification of Bordetella pertussis.Infections: Impact of Whooping Cough Vaccination Revealed - Read more

Environment: Rural Microbes Could Boost City Dwellers' Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Harvest [28/04/2014] The greater prevalence of asthma, allergies and other chronic inflammatory disorders among people of lower socioeconomic status might be due in part to their reduced exposure to the microbes that thrive in rural environments, according to a new scientific paper.Environment: Rural Microbes Could Boost City Dwellers' Health - Read more

Infectious Diseases: Space-Tested Fluid Flow Concept Advances Diagnoses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man in space [24/04/2014] A new medical-testing device is being prepped to enter the battle against infectious disease. This instrument could improve diagnosis of certain diseases in remote areas, thanks in part to knowledge gained from a series of investigations aboard the International Space Station on the behavior of liquids.Infectious Diseases: Space-Tested Fluid Flow Concept Advances Diagnoses - Read more

World Malaria Day - 04/25/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: World Malaria Day logo [22/04/2014] About 219 million people around the world suffer from malaria; nearly one million of them die from it annually. Almost 90 percent of the victims are children under 5 years of age. For this reason, each year at April 25th the progress in the fight against malaria is highlighted.World Malaria Day - 04/25/2014 - Read more

Infections: How the Kissing Disease Virus Hijacks Human Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lips [17/04/2014] University of Montreal researchers have discovered how a component of the Epstein Barr (EBV) virus takes over our cells gene regulating machinery, allowing the virus to replicate itself.Infections: How the Kissing Disease Virus Hijacks Human Cells - Read more

Research: Pharmocogenomics’ Promise to Developing Countries Unfulfilled

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Malaria risk areas [15/04/2014] From 1997 to 2010, despite promises made by the international scientific community, pharmacogenomic research produced few studies focusing on rare, orphan and tropical diseases prevalent in developing countries. Catherine Olivier, bioethics research at the University of Montreal’s School of Public Health, recently published these findings.Research: Pharmocogenomics’ Promise to Developing Countries Unfulfilled - Read more

Liver: Viral Hepatitis More Deadly Than HIV in Europe

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Infectious Disease [14/04/2014] The mortality from viral hepatitis is significantly higher than from HIV/AIDS across EU countries, according to results from The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010).Liver: Viral Hepatitis More Deadly Than HIV in Europe - Read more

Epidemic in Europe: Researchers Map the Risks of New Virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word dengue from a newspaper [08/04/2014] The risk of dengue fever beginning to spread in Europe is imminent. According to researchers from Umeå University, this is no longer just an issue for the scientific community but also for politicians and policy makers, who need to be prepared and develop preventive measures.Epidemic in Europe: Researchers Map the Risks of New Virus - Read more

Honey: New Approach to Antibiotic Resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Honeycomb [21/03/2014] Honey, that delectable condiment for breads and fruits, could be one sweet solution to the serious, ever-growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics.Honey: New Approach to Antibiotic Resistance - Read more

Hepatitis C: Gene Variants Protect Against Relapse

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hepatitis virus [14/03/2014] Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, have identified a gene, which explains why certain patients with chronic hepatitis C do not experience relapse after treatment. The discovery may contribute to more effective treatment.Hepatitis C: Gene Variants Protect Against Relapse - Read more

Gonorrhea: Infections Start from Exposure to Seminal Fluid

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteria [05/03/2014] Researchers have come a step closer to understanding how gonorrhea infections are transmitted. When Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacteria responsible for gonorrhea, are exposed to seminal plasma, the liquid part of semen containing secretions from the male genital tract, they can more easily move and start to colonize.Gonorrhea: Infections Start from Exposure to Seminal Fluid - Read more

Acetic Acid: Vinegar Kills Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vinegar pouring over a spoon [27/02/2014] The active ingredient in vinegar, acetic acid, can effectively kill mycobacteria, even highly drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an international team of researchers from Venezuela, France, and the US.Acetic Acid: Vinegar Kills Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacteria - Read more

Hygiene: Infection Control Strategies in Outpatient Cancer Clinics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Catheter [18/02/2014] Improper handling of intravenous saline at a West Virginia outpatient oncology clinic was linked with the first reported outbreak of Tsukamurella spp., gram-positive bacteria that rarely cause disease in humans, in a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).Hygiene: Infection Control Strategies in Outpatient Cancer Clinics - Read more

Infections: New Strategy to Combat Bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteria [07/02/2014] Alvin Lo and Han Remaut (VIB/Vrije Universiteit Brussel) have identified a chemical substance with the potential of acting as a new drug to treat bacterial infections, particularly urinary tract infections.Infections: New Strategy to Combat Bacteria - Read more

Probe: A Quicker, Cheaper Way to Detect Staph in the Body

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Staph detector [04/02/2014] Researchers at the University of Iowa have created a noninvasive chemical probe that detects a common species of staph bacteria in the body.Probe: A Quicker, Cheaper Way to Detect Staph in the Body - Read more

Immunology: „The immunosensory system goes beyond the actual immune cells“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/01/2014] It guards the body but can become its enemy: the immune system defends us from intruding pathogens; it is also able to cause severe diseases if it falsely recognizes the body itself as a threat. Molecular receptors in the whole body enable the immune system to “sense” what happens within.Immunology: „The immunosensory system goes beyond the actual immune cells“ - Read more

Contagious Heart Disease: "The Virus Manipulates the Host Cell on Different Levels"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/01/2014] Heart diseases can be triggered by special viruses that affect the cardiac muscle. Preventive drugs could definitely be developed – if the virus does not mutate. Contagious Heart Disease: "The Virus Manipulates the Host Cell on Different Levels" - Read more

Infection: Virus Grows Tube to Insert DNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tube-shaped Structure of a Virus [16/12/2013] Researchers have discovered a tube-shaped structure that forms temporarily in a certain type of virus to deliver its DNA during the infection process and then dissolves after its job is completed. Infection: Virus Grows Tube to Insert DNA - Read more

HIV: A Cause of Structural Heart Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart [12/12/2013] HIV causes structural heart disease according to research presented at EuroEcho-Imaging 2013 by Dr Nieves Montoro from Madrid, Spain. The findings support the introduction of cardiovascular screening in all HIV patients, particularly those with a positive blood viral load.HIV: A Cause of Structural Heart Disease - Read more

Antibiotics: Resistant Typhoid Likely to Spread

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Water samples [11/12/2013] Restricting the use of antibiotics is unlikely to stop the spread of drug resistance in typhoid fever, according to a study funded by the Wellcome Trust.Antibiotics: Resistant Typhoid Likely to Spread - Read more

HIV: New Aggressive Strain Leads to Faster AIDS Development

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: AIDS [29/11/2013] A recently discovered HIV strain leads to significantly faster development of AIDS than currently prevalent forms, according to new research from Lund University in Sweden.HIV: New Aggressive Strain Leads to Faster AIDS Development - Read more

Influenza A: Lessons Four Years After the Public Alarm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy with mask [25/11/2013] Paediatrician Eider Oñate analyzed how the H1N1 virus affected the paediatric population in Gipuzkoa in 2009.Influenza A: Lessons Four Years After the Public Alarm - Read more

Immune System: Bacterial Toxin Sets the Course for Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yersinia [12/11/2013] Every year gastro-intestinal diseases have lethal consequences for more than five million individuals. Researchers from Braunschweig have now discovered what makes a specific strain of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis–one of the main instigators for these infections–so dangerous.Immune System: Bacterial Toxin Sets the Course for Infection - Read more

Sore Throat: New Test Cuts Antibiotic Use by Nearly a Third

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sore throat [12/11/2013] A new 'clinical score' test for patients with sore throats could reduce the amount of antibiotics prescribed and result in patients feeling better more quickly.Sore Throat: New Test Cuts Antibiotic Use by Nearly a Third - Read more

Conversations Between Lovers: Talking about Sexually Transmitted Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man and a woman looking surprised in bed [06/11/2013] Having sex can be fun; and talking about sex can be fun. Talking about sexually transmitted infections with a sexual interest, however, is a totally different matter, according to new research from Indiana University's Center for Sexual Health Promotion.Conversations Between Lovers: Talking about Sexually Transmitted Infections - Read more

Copper: “The leap from scientific findings to use in daily clinical routine is supposed to be made”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/11/2013] Infections that are contracted during hospital stays claim a lot of lives each year and cause massive additional costs to healthcare systems. Thus, critical areas like intensive care units profit from the installation of contact surfaces made of copper in particular: The material reliably kills germs and makes the work of hygienists easier.Copper: “The leap from scientific findings to use in daily clinical routine is supposed to be made” - Read more

Hygiene: Education and Information Impact Compliance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand washing [30/10/2013] A study at Rhode Island Hospital observed staff on 161,526 occasions to monitor how often they cleaned their hands (i.e., hand hygiene) between July 2008 to December 2012 and found that hand hygiene compliance improved from 60 percent to 89 percent.Hygiene: Education and Information Impact Compliance - Read more

Cleaning and disinfection equipment: “The contamination from bedpans is a globally underestimated hazard potential“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/10/2013] In times of increased multi-resistant bacteria and nosocomial infections, particularly in hospitals, one question reigns supreme: How can comprehensive hygiene at a respective medical facility be ensured? Cleaning and disinfection equipment: “The contamination from bedpans is a globally underestimated hazard potential“ - Read more

Infections: Specialists Save Lives and Money

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cough [30/09/2013] Study finds patients benefit from improved outcomes and shorter hospital stays when a specialist for infectious diseases is involved in treatment for severe infections.Infections: Specialists Save Lives and Money - Read more

Laboratory: Test Accurately Sorts Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Testsheet [23/09/2013] A blood test developed by researchers at Duke Medicine showed more than 90-percent accuracy in distinguishing between viral and bacterial infections when tested in people with respiratory illnesses.Laboratory: Test Accurately Sorts Infections - Read more

Infections: Protecting Patients in Pediatric Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child care [20/09/2013] New pediatric infection prevention guidelines aim to protect patient and family guests in pediatric residential facilities.Infections: Protecting Patients in Pediatric Care - Read more

Immun Defense: Novel Mechanism Discovered In First Line

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medicine [12/09/2013] A discovery by Scientists from A*STAR’s Singapore Immunology Network (SIgN) opens doors to developing new therapies to eradicate tumour cells and combat infections.Immun Defense: Novel Mechanism Discovered In First Line - Read more

HIV/AIDS: Growing Burden Shifts to Other Regions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: AIDS [30/08/2013] Patients attending clinical nurse specialist clinics do not get inferior treatment to that offered by consultant rheumatologists, the results of a major new clinical trial have revealed.HIV/AIDS: Growing Burden Shifts to Other Regions - Read more

Infections: Microneedle Patch for Tuberculosis Skin Test

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Microneedle Patch [28/08/2013] A team led by University of Washington engineers has created a patch with tiny, biodegradable needles that can penetrate the skin and precisely deliver a tuberculosis test. Infections: Microneedle Patch for Tuberculosis Skin Test - Read more

Transplantation Medicine: Rapid Test Checks the Immune System

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2013] Patients often wait years for an organ transplant. Even when they finally receive an organ, it is still not certain whether it is going to be rejected by the patient’s own immune system or becomes threatened by infection.Transplantation Medicine: Rapid Test Checks the Immune System - Read more

Vaccines: New Design Combines Existing Technologies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Samples [31/07/2013] A new method of vaccine design, called the Multiple Antigen Presentation System (MAPS), may result in vaccines that bring together the benefits of whole-cell and acellular or defined subunit vaccination.Vaccines: New Design Combines Existing Technologies - Read more

HIV: Platelets Protect Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cell and virus [25/07/2013] Scientists of the German Primate Center (DPZ) have shown that platelet activation inhibits the host cell entry of HIV.HIV: Platelets Protect Cells - Read more

Pneumonia: Factor for Impaired Immune Response Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung [23/07/2013] Scientists from the Medical University of Vienna found out that a protein hampers the body’s immune response in cases pneumonia.Pneumonia: Factor for Impaired Immune Response Found - Read more

Public Health: Electronic Records Support Immunization

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Folder [22/07/2013] The structured, timely sharing of records enables more accurate care and more cohesive data for informing public health policy.Public Health: Electronic Records Support Immunization - Read more

World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Three Monkeys [22/07/2013] „Hear no evil, speak no evil, see no evil” – this is a Buddhist maxim that is symbolized by the widely known image of the Three Wise Monkeys. While it means being good in Asia, it expresses the ignorance towards bad things in the western world.World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2013 - Read more

Virology: “It is critical to have networks to fight against viral diseases”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/07/2013] Many viral infections take a harmless course or can be prevented completely through vaccination. On the other hand, some infectious diseases that are known for a long time cannot be cured or prevented yet. Other viruses again just recently become focused by research as a potential health risk for humans since they have only been found in animals before.Virology: “It is critical to have networks to fight against viral diseases” - Read more

Hospital: Bacteriophages Battle Superbugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteriophage [19/07/2013] IFR microbiologists are reinvigorating a way of battling C. difficile infections that they hope will help overcome the growing problem of antibiotic resistant superbugs in hospitals.Hospital: Bacteriophages Battle Superbugs - Read more

Genomics: Rapidly Identifying Specific Strains of Illness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genomics [12/07/2013] Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and George Washington University (GWU) have developed a method to rapidly identify pathogenic species and strains causing illnesses, such as pneumonia.Genomics: Rapidly Identifying Specific Strains of Illness - Read more

Children: Vaccination Protects Older Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccinating [12/07/2013] Children who receive a vaccine to prevent blood and ear infections, appear to be reducing the spread of pneumonia to the rest of the population, especially their grandparents and other older adults.Children: Vaccination Protects Older Adults - Read more

Infectious Disease: New Class of Antimalarial Compunds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mosquito [11/07/2013] In a current work researchers at the Instituto de Medicina Molecular (IMM), in Lisbon, Portugal, report about the discovery of a new class of highly potent antimalarial compounds.Infectious Disease: New Class of Antimalarial Compunds - Read more

Infections: The Body Aids and Abets Cancer Spread

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cancer cells [04/07/2013] A current study, led by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC), reveal that white blood cells play a role in activating cancer cells and facilitating their spread to secondary tumors.Infections: The Body Aids and Abets Cancer Spread - Read more

Infections: Holding Multi-Resistant Bacteria in Check

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elisabeth Memmel and Jürgen Seibel [03/07/2013] In the fight against multi-resistant bacteria, University of Würzburg chemists may have achieved a major breakthrough. With a trick, they induced the bacteria to change their cell surface. This reduced the risk of infection dramatically.Infections: Holding Multi-Resistant Bacteria in Check - Read more

Social Media: Infectious Disease Research Gets a Boost

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Coronavirus [02/07/2013] While public health officials around the world are on alert about the pandemic potential of new disease threats, a team from Penn State University is developing innovative new systems and techniques to track the spread of infectious diseases, with the help of news websites, blogs, and social media.Social Media: Infectious Disease Research Gets a Boost - Read more

Malaria: New Approach Does Not Work Everywhere

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood test [01/07/2013] Researchers at the Antwerp Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) conclude that a new approach to test for Malaria is unreliable and that the costs outweigh the benefits in areas where the disease is highly endemic.Malaria: New Approach Does Not Work Everywhere - Read more

Salmonella: Bacteria Battle in the Gut

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Salmonella infection [28/06/2013] A new study that examined food poisoning infection in mice revealed harmful bacteria, such as a common type of Salmonella, takes over beneficial bacteria within the gut amid previously unseen changes to the gut environment. Salmonella: Bacteria Battle in the Gut - Read more

Antibiotics: Way of Delivery Could Mitigate Resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medication [28/06/2013] New research suggests that the rapid rise of antibiotic resistance correlates with oral ingestion of antibiotics, raising the possibility that other routes of administration could reduce the spread of resistance.Antibiotics: Way of Delivery Could Mitigate Resistance - Read more

Intensive Care: Reducing Airway Infection in Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Breathing apparatus [19/06/2013] An initiative that combines a multidisciplinary health care approach with a range of preventive measures could cut the rate of a common airway infection among children in intensive care by more than half, a new study suggests.Intensive Care: Reducing Airway Infection in Children - Read more

Infections: Malaria's Deadly Grip Revealed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood [07/06/2013] Researchers have identified how malaria parasites growing inside red blood cells stick to the sides of blood vessels in severe cases of malaria. The discovery may advance the development of vaccines or drugs to combat severe malaria by stopping the parasites attaching to blood vessels.Infections: Malaria's Deadly Grip Revealed - Read more

Antibiotics: New Hope Against Resistant Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Anthrax cells [05/06/2013] Diseases such as tuberculosis, anthrax, and shigellosis -- a severe food-borne illness -- eventually could be treated with an entirely new and more-effective kind of antibiotic.Antibiotics: New Hope Against Resistant Diseases - Read more

Physics: Supercomputer Shows HIV Capsid

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: HIV capsid [31/05/2013] Researchers report that they have determined the precise chemical structure of the HIV capsid, a protein shell that protects the virus's genetic material and is a key to its virulence.Physics: Supercomputer Shows HIV Capsid - Read more

Infection: Strategy to Help Vaccines Outsmart HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: HIV [28/05/2013] A new discovery at Oregon Health & Science University highlights an ingenious method to ensure the body effectively reacts when infected with the highly evasive HIV virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).Infection: Strategy to Help Vaccines Outsmart HIV - Read more

Bloodstream: Hospitals Profit from Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Central line [23/05/2013] Johns Hopkins researchers report that hospitals may be reaping enormous income for patients whose hospital stays are complicated by preventable bloodstream infections contracted in their intensive care units.Bloodstream: Hospitals Profit from Infections - Read more

Diarrhea: Results in Developing Oral Vaccin

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with diarrhea [22/05/2013] The University of Gothenburg Vaccine Research Institute (GUVAX) announces successful results in a placebo controlled phase I study of an oral, inactivated Escherichia coli diarrhea vaccine.Diarrhea: Results in Developing Oral Vaccin - Read more

Infection: Leading Explanations for Whooping Cough's Resurgence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl and doctor [21/05/2013] Whooping cough has exploded in the United States and some other developed countries in recent decades, and many experts suspect ineffective childhood vaccines for the alarming resurgence.Infection: Leading Explanations for Whooping Cough's Resurgence - Read more

Malaria: Tool Shows which Kids at Greatest Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with malaria with doctors [10/05/2013] Researchers at Michigan State University have identified a test that can determine which children with malaria are likely to develop cerebral malaria, a much more life-threatening form of the disease.Malaria: Tool Shows which Kids at Greatest Risk - Read more

Influenza: Potential Novel Treatment Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Virus [03/05/2013] An experimental drug has shown promise in treating influenza, preventing lung injury and death from the virus in preclinical studies, according to University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers. The scientists found that a drug called Eritoran can protect mice from death after they have been infected with a lethal dose of influenza virus.Influenza: Potential Novel Treatment Found - Read more

Genetics: The Many Faces of the Bacterial Defense System

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteria [02/05/2013] Even bacteria have a kind of immune system they use to defend themselves against unwanted intruders – in their case, viruses. Scientists at the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research (HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany, were now able to show that this defense system is much more diverse than previously thought and that it comes in multiple versions.Genetics: The Many Faces of the Bacterial Defense System - Read more

World Malaria Day - 04/25/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: World Malaria Day logo 2013 [19/04/2013] About 219 million people around the world suffer from malaria; nearly one million of them die from it annually. Almost 90 percent of the victims are children under 5 years of age. For this reason, each year at April 25th the progress in the fight against malaria is highlighted.World Malaria Day - 04/25/2013 - Read more

Antibiotics: Development Progresses Slowly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills [18/04/2013] Despite the desperate need for new antibiotics to combat increasingly deadly resistant bacteria, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have approved only one new systemic antibiotic since 2010. That drug was approved two and a half years ago.Antibiotics: Development Progresses Slowly - Read more

Haiti: Cholera Mutations Could Lead to Severe Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteria [17/04/2013] The cholera strain that transferred to Haiti in 2010 has multiple toxin gene mutations that may account for the severity of disease and is evolving to be more like a 1800s version of cholera, reports a new Northwestern University study.Haiti: Cholera Mutations Could Lead to Severe Disease - Read more

Dengue: Global Burden Is Triple Current Estimates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Globe and stethoscope [09/04/2013] The global burden of dengue infection is more than triple current estimates from the World Health Organization, according to a multinational study.Dengue: Global Burden Is Triple Current Estimates - Read more

Hospitals: Fighting Pathogens with Modern Means

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2013] Associations of medical professionals assume that each year about 730 000 patients suffer an infection connected to stationary or ambulatory treatment. Presumably 30 00 cases are fatal. Thus, the most important areas of work in a hospital are hygiene and infection prevention.Hospitals: Fighting Pathogens with Modern Means - Read more

Medical Textiles: “Most germs are spread through hand contact, not through textiles”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2013] Whether it’s implants, medical drape sheets or surgeons’ attire – medicine relies on textiles every day. Their main task is to protect patients and physicians from infection. Even though most germs are not transmitted through textiles, they have to meet hygiene requirements.Medical Textiles: “Most germs are spread through hand contact, not through textiles” - Read more

Tuberculosis Patients: Vitamin D Benefits Breathing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vitamin D [27/03/2013] Maintaining adequate levels of vitamin D can help people breathe better and may even protect against tuberculosis (TB), according to a study.Tuberculosis Patients: Vitamin D Benefits Breathing - Read more

Infections: Revolutionary Dressing To Save Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dressing on an arm [26/03/2013] Chemists at the University have developed a prototype medical dressing that detects the first signs of the lethal Toxic Shock Syndrome along with other burn wound infections and could potentially save the lives of children with serious burns.Infections: Revolutionary Dressing To Save Children - Read more

HPV: Parents Won’t Vaccinate Their Daughters

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Teen at the doctor [18/03/2013] A rising percentage of parents say they won’t have their teen daughters vaccinated to protect against the human papilloma virus, even though physicians are increasingly recommending adolescent vaccinations, a study by Mayo Clinic and others shows.HPV: Parents Won’t Vaccinate Their Daughters - Read more

Flu: Predicting Hotspots for Future Outbreaks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Flu [18/03/2013] This year's unusually long and rocky flu season would be nothing compared to the pandemic that could occur if bird flu became highly contagious among humans, which is why researchers of the University of California – Los Angeles (UCLA) and their colleagues are creating new ways to predict where an outbreak could emerge.Flu: Predicting Hotspots for Future Outbreaks - Read more

Rotavirus: Vaccinating Children Protects Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccination [24/01/2013] Pediatric rotavirus vaccination also indirectly protects unvaccinated adults from the highly contagious cause of severe diarrhea and vomiting, suggests a new study. The findings suggest pediatric immunization against the virus may be more cost effective than previously thought, given rotavirus-related health care costs among adults.Rotavirus: Vaccinating Children Protects Adults - Read more

Superbugs: Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor Enhances Disinfection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Superbugs [03/01/2013] Infection control experts at The Johns Hopkins Hospital have found that a combination of robot-like devices that disperse a bleaching agent into the air and then detoxify the disinfecting chemical are highly effective at killing and preventing the spread of multiple-drug-resistant bacteria, or so-called hospital superbugs.Superbugs: Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor Enhances Disinfection - Read more

Prosthetic Joints: Guidelines to Fight Infections after Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hip prothesis [13/12/2012] Multispecialty physician teams need to work together to reduce disability, death and costs associated with the ever-growing number of prosthetic joint infections, note the first guidelines on the topic being released by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA).Prosthetic Joints: Guidelines to Fight Infections after Surgery - Read more

World-AIDS-Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/11/2012] UNAIDS, the AIDS-organization of the United Nations, reports a decline in new HIV infections by more than 50 percent. Yet AIDS is still a serious threat to people all over the world. For this reason, every year on the 1st of December, World AIDS Day takes place.World-AIDS-Day - Read more

World AIDS Day Report: 50 Percent Drop in New HIV Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Red ribbon and the earth [26/11/2012] A new World AIDS Day report: Results, by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), shows that unprecedented acceleration in the AIDS response is producing results for people.World AIDS Day Report: 50 Percent Drop in New HIV Infections - Read more

Influenza: Replication Machinery of Viruses Described

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Influenza virus [23/11/2012] Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made a major advance in understanding how flu viruses replicate within infected cells.Influenza: Replication Machinery of Viruses Described - Read more

Hepatitis C: A ‘Finger’ Pointing the Way to New Medication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: HCV-infected cells [12/11/2012] Researchers at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany, have discovered new drug leads that are efficient against resistant virus like HCV.Hepatitis C: A ‘Finger’ Pointing the Way to New Medication - Read more

Diagnostics: Collaboration for the Developing World

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Virus in sight [09/11/2012] The International Diagnostics Centre (IDC), a global research collaboration hub, at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) will to undertake innovative research on new diagnostic tests to diagnose patients faster, more accurately and cost effectively.Diagnostics: Collaboration for the Developing World - Read more

Hospital Hygiene: “Hands are playing the most important role in conveying pathogens“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/10/2012] According to the German Federal Ministry of Health (Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, BMG) there are around 600,000 hospital infections every year in Germany alone, which result in 15,000 deaths. According to the Federal Ministry of Health, 20 to 30 percent of the infections and deaths would be preventable by adhering to well-known rules of hygiene.Hospital Hygiene: “Hands are playing the most important role in conveying pathogens“ - Read more

Medical Textiles: Eliminating Infectious Bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/10/2012] Researchers of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) have improved the antimicrobial properties of medical textiles using an enzymatic pre-treatment combined with simultaneous deposition of nanoparticles and biopolymers under ultrasonic irradiation.Medical Textiles: Eliminating Infectious Bacteria - Read more

Infections: Antibiotic Resistance Is a Growing Concern

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/10/2012] As a result of concerns about antibiotic resistance, doctors in the United States are increasingly prescribing newer, more costly and more powerful antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections, one of the most common illnesses in women.Infections: Antibiotic Resistance Is a Growing Concern - Read more

HIV: Decline in Deaths for Most Men and Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/10/2012] Overall death rates due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection declined over time between 1993 and 2007 for most men and women by race/ethnicity and educational levels, with the largest absolute decreases for nonwhites, but rates remain high among blacks, according to a study.HIV: Decline in Deaths for Most Men and Women - Read more

Public Health: Messages Can Influence Infectious Disease Stigmas

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2012] Crafting public health messages about a disease may create stigmas that influence how likely people are to endorse certain interventions, such as isolating infected persons, forcing treatment on them and mapping their location, according to a Penn State researcher.Public Health: Messages Can Influence Infectious Disease Stigmas - Read more

Viruses: How Immune Cells Defend Themselves Against HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2012] A team of scientists led by virologists Professor Oliver T. Fackler and Professor Oliver T. Keppler from Heidelberg University Hospital, Germany, have decoded a mechanism used by the human immune system to protect itself from HIV viruses.Viruses: How Immune Cells Defend Themselves Against HIV - Read more

Global Trade: Economic Pressures Altering Disease Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/09/2012] The pressures of global trade may heighten disease incidence by dictating changes in land use. A boom in disease-carrying ticks and chiggers has followed the abandonment of rice cultivation in Taiwanese paddies, say ecologist Chi-Chien Kuo and colleagues, demonstrating the potential for global commodities pricing to drive the spread of infections.Global Trade: Economic Pressures Altering Disease Risk - Read more

Sleeping Sickness: Bacterium Transforms into Weapon

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/08/2012] Scientists of the Antwerp Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITG) opened a new front against the cause of sleeping sickness. This parasite is transmitted between humans by tsetse flies. The researchers learned a bacterium how to produce antibodies against the parasite.Sleeping Sickness: Bacterium Transforms into Weapon - Read more

Infections: African Antimalarial Research Bears First Fruit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/08/2012] A recently discovered compound from the aminopyridine class, code named MMV390048, caused quite a stir at the Expert Scientific Advisory Committee (ESAC) of Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) meeting in Toulouse, France.Infections: African Antimalarial Research Bears First Fruit - Read more

USA: Medical Exemptions from School Vaccination Requirements

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/08/2012] In states where medical exemptions from vaccination requirements for kindergarten students are easier to get, exemption rates are higher, potentially compromising herd immunity and posing a threat to children and others who truly should not be immunized because of underlying conditions, according to a study.USA: Medical Exemptions from School Vaccination Requirements - Read more

Anti-HIV Molecule: Small Change, Major Effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/08/2012] Researchers from Munich and Naples have shown that minimal modification of a synthetic peptide with anti-HIV activity results in a new compound with more than two orders of magnitude higher binding affinity to the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and greatly improved anti-HIV activity.Anti-HIV Molecule: Small Change, Major Effect - Read more

Bacteriology: New Method Unmasks Chronic Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/08/2012] With the aid of tiny silicon tubes, scientists have been able for the first time to observe directly bacteria in chronic infections. Researchers can now see precisely how bacteria and the immune system interact in living tissue.Bacteriology: New Method Unmasks Chronic Infections - Read more

Europe: Economic Development Does Not Eradicate Dysentry

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/08/2012] Researchers of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have found that a bacterium that emerged centuries ago in Europe has now been spreading globally into countries undergoing rapid development and industrialization.Europe: Economic Development Does Not Eradicate Dysentry - Read more

Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/08/2012] In the United States, one in 10 children suffers from asthma. Researchers of the University of Cincinnati now report new evidence that exposure to three types of mold during infancy may have a direct link to asthma development during childhood.Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk - Read more

Early Treatment: Earning Potential for People with HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/08/2012] In a first-of-its-kind health campaign in Uganda, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show that adults with HIV who had less severe infections could work more hours per week, and their children were more likely to be enrolled in school.Early Treatment: Earning Potential for People with HIV - Read more

Nurse Staffing: Burnout Linked to Hospital Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2012] Nurse burnout leads to higher healthcare-associated infection rates (HAIs) and costs hospitals millions of additional dollars annually, according to a study of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.Nurse Staffing: Burnout Linked to Hospital Infections - Read more

Colorectal Operations: Safety Program Lowers Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/07/2012] A surgical patient safety program that combines three components — accurate outcome measurement, support of hospital leadership, and engaged frontline providers — reduces surgical site infections (SSIs) by 33 per cent in patients who undergo colorectal procedures, according to a new study.Colorectal Operations: Safety Program Lowers Infections - Read more

Intestinal Diseases: How Malnutrition Leads to Inflamed Intestines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/07/2012] Researchers at the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology in Vienna, Austria, have uncovered how malnutrition, affecting millions of people, leads to diarrhoea, inflamed intestines and immune system disorders.Intestinal Diseases: How Malnutrition Leads to Inflamed Intestines - Read more

Tropical Disease: Chagas – a Neglected Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/07/2012] Chagas disease is a deadly tropical illness. It is passed to humans by insects and contaminated blood transfusions, and can also be passed from mother to embryo. Around the world, almost 10 million people are infected with the disease.Tropical Disease: Chagas – a Neglected Disease - Read more

Influenza: Botanical Compound Crucial to Healing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/07/2012] Building on previous work with the botanical abscisic acida, researchers in the Nutritional Immunology and Molecular Medicine Laboratory (NIMML) have discovered that abscisic acid has anti-inflammatory effects in the lungs as well as in the gut.Influenza: Botanical Compound Crucial to Healing - Read more

Medical Diagnostics: Identifying Viruses on The Spot

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/07/2012] Dengue fever is a disease passed to humans by mosquitoes. Millions of people every year are infected worldwide, and around 4,000–5,000 of these cases will suffer severe complications or death. Dengue fever most commonly affects young people.Medical Diagnostics: Identifying Viruses on The Spot - Read more

Herpes: Virus Throws a Wrench in The Immune System

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/07/2012] The cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a member of the herpes virus family. Although most people carry CMV for life, it hardly ever makes them sick. Researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research and from the USA have now unveiled long term consequences of the on-going presence of CMV.Herpes: Virus Throws a Wrench in The Immune System - Read more

Lung: Pathogens in Biofilm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/06/2012] People with the hereditary disease "cystic fibrosis" usually die as a result of chronic pulmonary infections. Scientists of the University of Basel have discovered that genetic modifications in a pathogen causing pneumonia help it to persist life-long in the lungs of a patient.Lung: Pathogens in Biofilm - Read more

Inflammation: How Infection Can Lead to Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/06/2012] One of the biggest risk factors for liver, colon or stomach cancer is chronic inflammation of those organs, often caused by viral or bacterial infections. A new study from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) offers the most comprehensive look yet at how such infections provoke tissues into becoming cancerous.Inflammation: How Infection Can Lead to Cancer - Read more

Surgical Site Infections: Rehospitalisations Add Costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/06/2012] Preventing further complications in patients who develop infections after surgery to replace a knee or hip could save the United States healthcare system as much as 65 million Dollars annually, according to an analysis of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.Surgical Site Infections: Rehospitalisations Add Costs - Read more

Microbes: Links Between Inflammation and Chronic Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/05/2012] A new Northwestern University study done in lowland Ecuador remarkably finds no evidence of chronic low-grade inflammation – associated with diseases of aging like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and dementia.Microbes: Links Between Inflammation and Chronic Disease - Read more

Ear Infection: Device Sees Bacteria Behind the Eardrum

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/05/2012] Doctors can now get a peek behind the eardrum to better diagnose and treat chronic ear infections, thanks to a new medical imaging device invented by University of Illinois researchers.Ear Infection: Device Sees Bacteria Behind the Eardrum - Read more

Infections: New Discoveries About Severe Malaria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/05/2012] International researchers have uncovered new knowledge related to host-parasite interaction in severe malaria, concerning how malaria parasites are able to bind to cells in the brain and cause cerebral malaria – the most lethal form of the disease.Infections: New Discoveries About Severe Malaria - Read more

Quorum Sensing: Fighting Bacteria's Strength in Numbers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/05/2012] Scientists at The University of Nottingham have opened the way for more accurate research into new ways to fight dangerous bacterial infections by proving a long-held theory about how bacteria communicate with each other.Quorum Sensing: Fighting Bacteria's Strength in Numbers - Read more

Microscope: Tiny Tool Can Play Big Role Against Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/05/2012] A tiny filter could have a big impact around the world in the fight against tuberculosis. Using the traditional microscope-based diagnosis method as a starting point, University of Florida lung disease specialists have devised a way to detect more cases of the bacterial infection.Microscope: Tiny Tool Can Play Big Role Against Tuberculosis - Read more

Genetic Tests: Nano Nod for Lab on a Chip

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/05/2012] You would not know it from appearances, but a metal cube the size of a toaster, created at the University of Alberta, is capable of performing the same genetic tests as most fully equipped modern laboratories — and in a fraction of the time.Genetic Tests: Nano Nod for Lab on a Chip - Read more

HIV-related Cancer Virus: New Trigger for Alternate Reproduction Pathway

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/04/2012] A research team led by Children’s National Medical Centre has identified a trigger that causes latent Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV) to rapidly replicate itself. KSHV causes Kaposi’s sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and other cancers that commonly affect immunocompromised patients, including those with AIDS.HIV-related Cancer Virus: New Trigger for Alternate Reproduction Pathway - Read more

Viruses: Unexpected Partnership Drives Immunity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/04/2012] New research of Harvard Medical School (HMS) challenges a well-established theory about antiviral immunity and may lead to a new understanding of the best way to help protect those exposed to potentially lethal viruses, such as rabies.Viruses: Unexpected Partnership Drives Immunity - Read more

Children's Immune System: Resistance Against Influenza

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/04/2012] Scientists found out that there may be a connection between age and susceptibility to the influenza virus. But this phenomenon cannot be explained by frailty in general, because it is not obvious that very small children and the very old are the biggest risk groups. Children's Immune System: Resistance Against Influenza - Read more

Veins and Lungs: Infection Linked to Dangerous Blood Clots

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/04/2012] Older adults who get infections of any kind – such as urinary, skin, or respiratory tract infections – are nearly three times more likely to be hospitalised for a dangerous blood clot in their deep veins or lungs, University of Michigan Health System research shows.Veins and Lungs: Infection Linked to Dangerous Blood Clots - Read more

Infections: Novel Pathway for T-cell Activation in Leprosy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/03/2012] University of California – Los Angeles researchers pinpointed a new mechanism that potently activates T-cells, the group of white blood cells that play a major role in fighting infections. The team specifically studied how dendritic cells, immune cells located at the site of infection, become more specialised to fight the leprosy pathogen known as Mycobacterium leprae.Infections: Novel Pathway for T-cell Activation in Leprosy - Read more

Viruses: Insight into Treating Viral Stomach Flu

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/03/2012] Twenty million Americans get sick from norovirus each year according to data by the Centres for Disease Control (CDC). Often called vomiting illness, it can spread rapidly on cruise ships, and in dormitories and hospitals. Recent data from the CDC shows deaths from gastrointestinal infections have more than doubled and have become a particular threat to the elderly.Viruses: Insight into Treating Viral Stomach Flu - Read more

Viruses: Blueprint for New Drugs That Can Inhibit Hepatitis C Virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/03/2012] The molecule prompts the Hepatitis C’s viral RNA to open up a portion of its hinge-like structure and encapsulate the inhibitor like a perfectly fit glove. Chemists at the University of California, San Diego have produced the first high resolution structure of a molecule that when attached to the genetic material of the hepatitis C virus prevents it from reproducing.Viruses: Blueprint for New Drugs That Can Inhibit Hepatitis C Virus - Read more

HIV-Infected Patients: Diabetes Drug Halts Atherosclerosis Progression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/03/2012] Treatment with the common diabetes drug metformin appears to prevent progression of coronary atherosclerosis in patients infected with HIV, according to Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers.HIV-Infected Patients: Diabetes Drug Halts Atherosclerosis Progression - Read more

USA: One in Four HIV Patients Do Not Stay in Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/03/2012] Only about 75 per cent of HIV/AIDS patients in the United States remain in care consistently, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The study of patients across the USA is the first to provide a comprehensive national estimate of HIV care retention and information about patients who are most likely to continue their treatment over time.USA: One in Four HIV Patients Do Not Stay in Care - Read more

Severe Flu: Cause of Lung Injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/03/2012] While some scientists report engineering a super virulent strain of the H5N1 influenza virus, which could potentially wipe out a significant percentage of the human population, another group of researchers from the United Kingdom now reports a discovery that may one day help mitigate the deadly effects of all flu strains.Severe Flu: Cause of Lung Injury - Read more

AIDS: Protein Protects Cells from HIV Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/02/2012] A novel discovery by researchers at New York University Langone Medical Centre and colleagues reveals a mechanism by which the immune system tries to halt the spread of HIV. Harnessing this mechanism may open up new paths for therapeutic research aimed at slowing the virus' progression to AIDS.AIDS: Protein Protects Cells from HIV Infection - Read more

Diagnosis Sepsis: “The risk of patients dying from sepsis increases the longer the diagnosis takes”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2012] On the website of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft) you can find the following definition for the disease called sepsis: A modern definition of sepsis was published in 1989 by Bone. He wrote: Sepsis is defined as an invasion of microorganisms and / or their toxins into the blood stream along with the reaction of the organism to the invasion.Diagnosis Sepsis: “The risk of patients dying from sepsis increases the longer the diagnosis takes” - Read more

Cholesterol: Entry Point for Hepatitis C Infection Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/01/2012] A molecule embedded in the membrane of human liver cells that aids in cholesterol absorption also allows the entry of hepatitis C virus, the first step in hepatitis C infection, according to research at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine.Cholesterol: Entry Point for Hepatitis C Infection Identified - Read more

Drug-Cost: Anti-Malaria Drug Synthesised with Oxygen and Light

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/01/2012] It will be possible to provide medication for the 225 million malaria patients in developing countries at an affordable price. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces in Potsdam have developed a very simple process for the synthesis of artemisinin, the active ingredient that pharmaceutical companies could only obtain from plants up to now.Drug-Cost: Anti-Malaria Drug Synthesised with Oxygen and Light - Read more

Hygiene: Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak Linked to Hospital's Decorative Fountain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/01/2012] A 2010 outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in Wisconsin has been linked to a decorative fountain in a hospital lobby, according to a study of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.Hygiene: Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak Linked to Hospital's Decorative Fountain - Read more

Monkey pox: Novel Compound to Halt Virus Replication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/01/2012] Scientists of Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have identified a novel compound that inhibits viruses from replicating. The findings could lead to the development of highly targeted compounds to block the replication of poxviruses, such as the emerging infectious disease Monkey pox.Monkey pox: Novel Compound to Halt Virus Replication - Read more

Infection and Immunoregulating Role: Discovered the Existence of Neutrophils in the Spleen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/12/2011] For the first time, it has been discovered that neutrophils exist in the spleen without there being an infection. This important finding made by the research group on the Biology of B Cells of IMIM (Hospital del Mar Research Institute) in collaboration with researchers from Mount Sinai in New York, has also made it possible to determine that these neutrophils have an immunoregulating role. Infection and Immunoregulating Role: Discovered the Existence of Neutrophils in the Spleen - Read more

Respiratory: Link Between Pulmonary Inflammation, Diesel Exhaust, House Dust

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/12/2011] A study conducted by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has found that diesel exhaust particulates (DEP) and house dust extract (HDE) causes pulmonary inflammation that aggravates asthma.Respiratory: Link Between Pulmonary Inflammation, Diesel Exhaust, House Dust - Read more

Hospital Room Cleaning: New Disinfection Technique

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/12/2011] A Queen’s University infectious disease expert has collaborated in the development of a disinfection system that may change the way hospital rooms all over the world are cleaned as well as stop bed bug outbreaks in hotels and apartments.Hospital Room Cleaning: New Disinfection Technique - Read more

Infectious Disease: Unconventional Approach to Control HIV Epidemics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/12/2011] Because PrEP is based on the same drugs used to treat HIV-infected individuals, the big public health fear is that the dual use of these drugs will lead to skyrocketing levels of drug resistance. But in a new study, researchers of University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) say the exact opposite is likely to happen.Infectious Disease: Unconventional Approach to Control HIV Epidemics - Read more

Haemoglobin: Protection from Severe Malaria Explained

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/11/2011] Why do people with a hereditary mutation of the red blood pigment haemoglobin (as is the case with sickle-cell anaemia prevalent in Africa) not contract severe malaria? Scientists in the group headed by Professor Michael Lanzer of the Department of Infectious Diseases at Heidelberg University Hospital (Germany) have now solved this mystery.Haemoglobin: Protection from Severe Malaria Explained - Read more

HCV: Experimental Drug Suppresses Rebound in Liver Transplant Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/11/2011] A human monoclonal antibody developed of the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) given to patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection undergoing liver transplantation significantly suppressed the virus for at least a week after transplant and delayed the time to viral rebound.HCV: Experimental Drug Suppresses Rebound in Liver Transplant Patients - Read more

Vaccine: Polio Still a Threat to Public Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/11/2011] Health professionals and researchers across the globe believe they are on the verge of eradicating polio, a devastating virus which can lead to paralysis and death. Despite successful eradication in most countries, there are still four countries where the virus is considered endemic — and many more in which the virus still lurks.Vaccine: Polio Still a Threat to Public Health - Read more

Tropical Medicine: “You must not underestimate the capability of these viruses“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/10/2011] Tropical diseases used to appear almost exclusively in remote countries – hence the name. The mosquito bite was annoying, but nevertheless harmless in European regions. But the flying pests keep spreading and spreading. And they carry tiny, but dangerous pathogens. Scientists now found out that these viruses are now settling down in Europe. They are called Sindbis, Batai or Usutu. Tropical Medicine: “You must not underestimate the capability of these viruses“ - Read more

Cambodia: Early HIV Treatment Increases Survival in Patients with Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/10/2011] Timing is everything when treating patients with both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB). Starting HIV therapy in such patients within two weeks of TB treatment, rather than two months as is the current practice, increases survival by 33 per cent, according to a large-scale clinical trial in Cambodia led by researchers at Children's Hospital Boston.Cambodia: Early HIV Treatment Increases Survival in Patients with Tuberculosis - Read more

HIV and HPV: Earlier Circumcision May Be Effective Intervention

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2011] According to Doctor Anna R. Giuliano, program leader in cancer epidemiology at Moffitt Cancer Centre in Tampa, and colleagues in the Netherlands, earlier circumcision of males in South Africa may be a positive step in slowing the spread of both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the human papillomavirus (HPV).HIV and HPV: Earlier Circumcision May Be Effective Intervention - Read more

Manipulated Gatekeeper: How Viruses Find Their Way Into the Cell Nucleus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/10/2011] Adenoviruses cause respiratory diseases and are more dangerous for humans than previously assumed. They manipulate gatekeeper molecules and infiltrate the cell nucleus with the aid of the host cell. A team of researchers have succeeded in demonstrating this mechanism in detail for the first time.Manipulated Gatekeeper: How Viruses Find Their Way Into the Cell Nucleus - Read more

Epidemiology: Tracing an Elusive Killer Parasite in Peru

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/09/2011] Doctor Michael Levy of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, along with other collaborators from Penn and Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia in Peru, are in the trenches combining tried-and-true epidemiological approaches with new statistical methods to learn more about the course of a dangerous, contagious disease epidemic. Epidemiology: Tracing an Elusive Killer Parasite in Peru - Read more

Antibiotics: Common Treatments Can Lead to Resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/09/2011] Overexposure to antibiotics has long been a concern in the medical community – most specifically the development of antibiotic resistant infections as a result of repeated use. According to a study, ophthalmologic antibiotics promote antimicrobial resistance too, prompting a call from Vanderbilt Eye Institute physicians to be more judicial in the administration of certain classes of antibiotics.Antibiotics: Common Treatments Can Lead to Resistance - Read more

HCV: Breakthrough Opens New Avenues for Hepatitis C Vaccine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/09/2011] Hopes for an effective vaccine and treatment against the potentially fatal hepatitis C virus (HCV) have received a major boost following the discovery of two 'Achilles' heels' within the virus. A team of medical researchers from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) studied individuals at high risk of HCV infection, including a number identified within a few weeks of the onset of infection.HCV: Breakthrough Opens New Avenues for Hepatitis C Vaccine - Read more

Toxicology: Polonium Poisoning Case Sheds Light on Infection Control Practices

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/09/2011] A new study uses a famous case of international intrigue and murder to shed new light on the risks health care workers face while treating patients with radiation poisoning.Toxicology: Polonium Poisoning Case Sheds Light on Infection Control Practices - Read more

Genes: New Strategy to Fight AIDS and Other Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/09/2011] Mayo Clinic researchers have developed a genome-based immunization strategy to fight feline AIDS and illuminate ways to combat human HIV/AIDS and other diseases. The goal is to create cats with intrinsic immunity to the feline AIDS virus.Genes: New Strategy to Fight AIDS and Other Diseases - Read more

EHEC: Researchers Investigate the Attachment of the Bacteria in Detail

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/09/2011] Scientists from the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung, HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany, have now in cooperation with German and American colleagues uncovered new details of how canonical "entero-hemorrhagic Escherichia coli" bacteria (EHEC), serotype O157:H7, attach to intestinal cells. They deciphered at the atomic level how this binding works.EHEC: Researchers Investigate the Attachment of the Bacteria in Detail - Read more

Attack of the microorganisms: Medical Science and Technology against hospital-acquired Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2011] Time and again it sweeps through the media and we hear of serious diseases, like for instance MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), which attack patients in hospitals. Needless to say these diseases happen, but they have long ago come to the forefront of hygiene experts, who fight with a vengeance to prevent essentially “man-made” infections in clinics and hospital facilities.Attack of the microorganisms: Medical Science and Technology against hospital-acquired Infections - Read more

Cell Behaviour: Salmonella Stays Deadly with a 'Beta' Version

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/08/2011] Scientists say that these bacteria have modified what has long been considered typical cell behavior by using a beta form of an amino acid – as opposed to an alpha form – during the act of making proteins.Cell Behaviour: Salmonella Stays Deadly with a 'Beta' Version - Read more

Virus-Battle: 'Good' Prion-Like Proteins Boost Immune Response

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/08/2011] A person's ability to battle viruses at the cellular level remarkably resembles the way deadly infectious agents called prions misfold and cluster native proteins to cause disease, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report.Virus-Battle: 'Good' Prion-Like Proteins Boost Immune Response - Read more

Hepatitis C: Unprotected Sex Between HIV-Infected Men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/07/2011] Sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus, HCV, is considered rare. But a new study by researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, provides substantial evidence that men with HIV who have sex with other men, MSM, are at increased risk for contracting HCV through sex.Hepatitis C: Unprotected Sex Between HIV-Infected Men - Read more

Discovery: Key to Help Women Fight Infections During Pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/07/2011] By manipulating an immune suppressive cell type, researchers believe women will be able to more efficiently fight off prenatal infections.Discovery: Key to Help Women Fight Infections During Pregnancy - Read more

Mosquitoes: Making Blood-Sucking Deadly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2011] Mosquitoes die soon after a blood meal if certain protein components are experimentally disrupted, a team of biochemists at the University of Arizona has discovered.Mosquitoes: Making Blood-Sucking Deadly - Read more

Interactions: When Viruses Infect Bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/07/2011] Looking in vivo at virus-bacterium associations sets stage for better understanding of such interactions in human health.Interactions: When Viruses Infect Bacteria - Read more

Lyme Disease: Bacteria Take Cover in Lymph Nodes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/06/2011] The bacteria that cause Lyme disease, one of the most important emerging diseases in the United States, appear to hide out in the lymph nodes, triggering a significant immune response, but one that is not strong enough to rout the infection, report researchers at the University of California, Davis.Lyme Disease: Bacteria Take Cover in Lymph Nodes - Read more

Super Microscope: To Pinpoint Body’s Immunity 'Switch'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/06/2011] Using the only microscope of its kind in Australia, medical scientists have been able for the first time to see the inner workings of T-cells, the front-line troops that alert our immune system to go on the defensive against germs and other invaders in our bloodstream.Super Microscope: To Pinpoint Body’s Immunity 'Switch' - Read more

Virally-Induced Asthma Attacks: Study Suggests New Therapeutic Targets

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/05/2011] When children with asthma get the flu, they often land in the hospital gasping for air. Researchers have found a previously unknown biological pathway explaining why influenza induces asthma attacks. Studies in a mouse model reveal that influenza activates a newly recognized group of immune cells called natural helper cells – presenting a completely new set of drug targets for asthma.Virally-Induced Asthma Attacks: Study Suggests New Therapeutic Targets - Read more

Malaria: Scientists Find Genetic Basis for Key Parasite Function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/05/2011] Snug inside a human red blood cell, the malaria parasite hides from the immune system and fuels its growth by digesting hemoglobin, the cell's main protein. The parasite, however, must obtain additional nutrients from the bloodstream via tiny pores in the cell membrane. Now, investigators have found the genes that malaria parasites use to create these feeding pores.Malaria: Scientists Find Genetic Basis for Key Parasite Function - Read more

Malaria: Risk Reduced by Genetic Predisposition for Cell Suicide

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/05/2011] A human genetic variant associated with an almost 30 percent reduced risk of developing severe malaria has been identified. Scientists reveal that a variant at the FAS locus can prevent an excessive and potentially hazardous immune response in infected children. Malaria: Risk Reduced by Genetic Predisposition for Cell Suicide - Read more

Countryside: Prevention Is Better Than Cure for Zoonotic Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/03/2011] The risk of contracting zoonotic diseases that pass from animals to humans appears to be on the increase in the UK, but encouraging countryside users to take simple precautions to protect themselves is the best response, according to research undertaken by the UK research councils’ Rural Economy and Land Use Programme.Countryside: Prevention Is Better Than Cure for Zoonotic Diseases - Read more

Toxoplasmosis: The Strain Explains Severity of Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/03/2011] Providing clues into why the severity of a common parasitic infection can vary greatly from person to person, a new Johns Hopkins study shows that each one of three strains of the cat-borne parasite Toxoplasma gondii sets off a unique reaction in the nerve cells it invades.Toxoplasmosis: The Strain Explains Severity of Infection - Read more

Injection Drug Users: Little Decline in Hepatitis C Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/01/2011] A recent 20-year study of injection drug users (IDUs) in Baltimore found a significant decline in new cases of HIV infection but only a slight decline in new cases of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Injection Drug Users: Little Decline in Hepatitis C Infections - Read more

New Description: Measles Viral Protein Movement

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/01/2011] Researchers have shown that proteins on the surface of a cell twist a viral protein into position, allowing the virus to start infection and cause disease, all in a movement as graceful as a ballroom dance. New Description: Measles Viral Protein Movement - Read more

Malaria: A New Vaccine Strategy?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/12/2010] There is no efficient vaccine against malaria, although nasal and oral vaccination seems to be the most promising and suitable solution in countries where the parasite Plasmodium, which causes the disease, is rife. Malaria: A New Vaccine Strategy? - Read more

E-Coli: Fusion Strategy to Improve Vaccines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2010] South Dakota State University research is exploring a “fusion strategy” for making improved vaccines to protect pigs and humans against some strains of E. coli.E-Coli: Fusion Strategy to Improve Vaccines - Read more

Gonorrhoeae Bacteria: Waiting For The Right Moment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/08/2010] Pathogens make themselves feel at home in the human body, invading cells and living off the plentiful amenities on offer. Gonorrhoeae Bacteria: Waiting For The Right Moment - Read more

H1N1 Flu Outbreak: Employers Took Many Measures to Protect Employees

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/06/2010] In response to the H1N1 flu, most employees at U.S. businesses say their company took measures to protect them from illness, such as encouraging sick employees to stay home, according to a national poll of employees by researchers from the Harvard Opinion Research Program at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). H1N1 Flu Outbreak: Employers Took Many Measures to Protect Employees - Read more

'Flying Vaccinator': Genetically Engineered Mosquitoes Against Malaria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Genetically Engineered Mosquitoes Against Malaria [01/05/2010] Mosquitoes transmit infectious diseases to millions of people every year, including malaria. New research reveals that mosquito genetic engineering may turn the transmitter into a natural 'flying vaccinator'.'Flying Vaccinator': Genetically Engineered Mosquitoes Against Malaria - Read more

Fungus: Athlete's Foot in the Laundry Basket

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/03/2010] Lower washing temperatures in domestic washing machines are not sufficient to ensure the reliable and effective removal of skin fungi, researchers report.Fungus: Athlete's Foot in the Laundry Basket - Read more

Diagnosis: 3-in-1 Detection of Parasitic Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/03/2010] A new three-in-one test to diagnose a trio of parasitic diseases – namely Chagas' disease, leishmaniasis, and "sleeping sickness" or African trypanosomiasis - is passing preliminary tests, scientists reported.Diagnosis: 3-in-1 Detection of Parasitic Diseases - Read more

Screening: Infrared System Detects Fever

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/03/2010] Researchers found an infrared thermal detection system (ITDS) to be a fast and effective fever screening tool in clinical settings during the H1N1 influenza pandemic. Screening: Infrared System Detects Fever - Read more

Influenza: Face Masks and Hand Hygiene Can Help Limit Spread

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/02/2010] Ordinary face masks and hand hygiene can effectively reduce the transmission of influenza-like illness during flu season.Influenza: Face Masks and Hand Hygiene Can Help Limit Spread - Read more

Liver: New Screening System for Hepatitis C

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/02/2010] A newly designed system of identifying molecules for treating hepatitis C might enable scientists to discover novel and effective therapies for the disease of the liver, according to a researcher.Liver: New Screening System for Hepatitis C - Read more

Hospital Infections: Safety Checklist Shows Effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/02/2010] The state of Michigan, which used a five-step checklist to virtually eliminate bloodstream infections in its hospitals' intensive care units, has been able to keep the number of these infections near zero during a period of three years.Hospital Infections: Safety Checklist Shows Effect - Read more

HIV Infected: New Vaccine to Prevent Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2010] Investigators have reported results of a clinical trial showing that a new vaccine against tuberculosis is effective in preventing tuberculosis (TB) in people with HIV infection.HIV Infected: New Vaccine to Prevent Tuberculosis - Read more

Infection: Viruses Can Spread Faster Than Thought

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/01/2010] New video footage of a virus infecting cells is challenging what researchers have long believed about how viruses spread, suggesting that scientists may be able to create new drugs to tackle some viruses.Infection: Viruses Can Spread Faster Than Thought - Read more

Surgery: How Clean Is Your Knife?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/01/2010] A new fast-acting disinfectant that is effective against bacteria, viruses, fungi and prions could help to reduce the spread of deadly infections in hospitals, according to research.Surgery: How Clean Is Your Knife? - Read more

Sleeping Sickness: Making Parasites Destruct Themselves

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/01/2010] In an article, scientists are reporting their successful attempt at determining the structure of an enzyme essential to the survival of the protozoan parasites that cause sleeping sickness, Chagas disease and leishmaniasis.Sleeping Sickness: Making Parasites Destruct Themselves - Read more

Nanoparticles: Big Improvement to Medical Imaging

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2010] A joint research team has discovered a method of using nanoparticles to illuminate the cellular interior to reveal the slow processes inside of cells. Nanoparticles: Big Improvement to Medical Imaging - Read more

Infection Prevention: Sharing a Hospital Room Increases Risk of 'Super Bugs'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2010] Staying in a multi-bed hospital room dramatically increases the risk of acquiring a serious infectious disease, researchers have discovered.Infection Prevention: Sharing a Hospital Room Increases Risk of 'Super Bugs' - Read more

Virus: Weekness of the Swine Flu

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/12/2009] Researchers have found what they believe is a weakness in H1N1's method for evading detection by the immune system. Virus: Weekness of the Swine Flu - Read more

Flu: Mandatory Vaccinations for Hospital Employees

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/09/2009] Even though the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) strongly recommends that all healthcare workers receive seasonal flu shots, only about 40 percent do so. Now some infectious diseases experts and hospitals say flu shots should be mandatory. Flu: Mandatory Vaccinations for Hospital Employees - Read more

MRSA: Seek and You Will Find

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2009] German experts estimate that about 50,000 people each year contract MRSA that are immune against conventional antibiotics. They estimate since nobody really knows the real number. A new obligation to inform is supposed to provide more transparency which in turn should help to systematically fight the dangerous germs. MRSA: Seek and You Will Find - Read more

Swine Flu Vaccination: „We Do Not Expect Heavy Side-Effects“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/08/2009] More and more people contract the swine flu virus every day. In Germany, over 9000 patients have been registered until now. Thus, over 25 million Germans are supposed to be vaccinated this autumn. However, critics worry about potential side-effects. Swine Flu Vaccination: „We Do Not Expect Heavy Side-Effects“ - Read more

Swine Flu: Health Departments Get Mixed Marks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/07/2009] State and local health departments get mixed marks for efforts to convey information about the H1N1 virus to the public using their Web sites immediately after U.S. officials declared a public health emergency in April. Swine Flu: Health Departments Get Mixed Marks - Read more

Lab-on-a-Chip: Integrated Optical Trap Holds Particles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/07/2009] A new type of optical particle trap can be used to manipulate bacteria, viruses and other particles on a chip as part of an integrated optofluidic platform. Lab-on-a-Chip: Integrated Optical Trap Holds Particles - Read more

Nanotechnology: Particles Destroy Drug-Resistant Germs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/07/2009] Doctors may get a new arsenal for meningitis treatment and the war on drug-resistant bacteria and fungal infections with novel peptide nanoparticles developed by scientists at the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) of Singapore. Nanotechnology: Particles Destroy Drug-Resistant Germs - Read more

Imaging: Structural Biology Scores with Protein Snapshot

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/07/2009] Investigators in the Vanderbilt Center for Structural Biology have used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods to determine the structure of the largest membrane-spanning protein to date. Imaging: Structural Biology Scores with Protein Snapshot - Read more

Viral Infections: Detector Promises Improved Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2009] Researchers developed a virus detector that is sensitive enough to detect an infection at an early stage and takes only a few minutes to return a result. Viral Infections: Detector Promises Improved Treatment - Read more

Vaccination: The Controversial Prick (Part 1)

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/05/2009] by Wiebke Heiss/MEDICA.de The opinions regarding vaccinations are very different: They cover a wide spectrum reaching from people totally opposing vaccines to those advocating it in any situation. However, who is right? A guideline could be true to the motto: As much as necessary, as little as possible.Vaccination: The Controversial Prick (Part 1) - Read more

Mathematics: Model Explains Viral Extinction

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/04/2009] Two researchers have developed a mathematical model which demonstrates that a mild increase in the mutation rate of some viruses can reduce their infectivity, driving them to extinction.Mathematics: Model Explains Viral Extinction - Read more

Dialysis: Anti-microbial Catheter Cuts Infection Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/03/2009] Medical experts have shown that an innovative anti-microbial catheter could vastly improve treatment and the quality of life for many community-based dialysis patients. Dialysis: Anti-microbial Catheter Cuts Infection Risk - Read more

Diagnostics: Novel Blood Test For Hepatitis C

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/02/2009] A novel blood test for hepatitis C offers a cheaper alternative to the normal commercial tests, whilst maintaining equal sensitivity, according to researchers. This might especially help poorer countries. Diagnostics: Novel Blood Test For Hepatitis C - Read more

Plague Containment: "With Protective Masks and Gloves"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2009] Lots of people think plague belongs to the Middle Ages. In industrial countries the epidemic plague is nearly forgotten, but for many people in developing countries the disease is daily routine. Plague Containment: "With Protective Masks and Gloves" - Read more

Spanish Flu: Old Virus as Friend and Helper

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Old Virus as Friend and Helper [01/02/2009] In 1918, the Spanish flu raged. The disease is said to have killed between 20 and 50 millions of people – more than the First World War. Researchers in the USA reconstructed the virus and now analyse its properties. The research with the old genetic material might turn out as a gold mine if it should come to an avian flu pandemic. Spanish Flu: Old Virus as Friend and Helper - Read more

Diseases: Out of Sight, out of Mind

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2009] Diseases from long ago are slowly disappearing from our minds. Wrongly, however, as only one deadly disease, smallpox, has been eradicated throughout the world. Diseases: Out of Sight, out of Mind - Read more

Disease Control: „In Long Years of Detail Work“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

„In Long Years of Detail Work“ [01/02/2009] Just as Don Quixote tilts at windmills, so do countries, health organisations, epidemiologists and physicians fight against tiny disease agents. The noble aim: eradicating the pathogens and making them sink into oblivion. They succeed only in the rarest of cases.Disease Control: „In Long Years of Detail Work“ - Read more

Birth: Hepatitis C Not Reduced by C-Section

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/11/2008] Planned caesarean sections do not help to reduce the chances of a pregnant mother with Hepatitis C (HCV) transmitting the infection to her unborn baby, according to new scientific findings.Birth: Hepatitis C Not Reduced by C-Section - Read more

Risk: Hepatitis B Linked to Pancreatic Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/09/2008] A new study suggests that exposure to the hepatitis B virus (HBV) may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer. Plus: patients with the cancer treated with chemotherapy may face danger of reactivation of their HBV. Risk: Hepatitis B Linked to Pancreatic Cancer - Read more

High-level Security Labs: "The Safety Arrangements Are Sufficient at the Moment"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2008] Ebola or Lassa - these deadly and highly contagious viruses can only be examined safety in labs with the highest possible security level. Now the Robert -Koch Institute in Berlin builds a lab with the protection level 4 (S-4) as the first federal institute.High-level Security Labs: "The Safety Arrangements Are Sufficient at the Moment" - Read more

Chronic Infection: Hepatitis B Virus Triggers Cell ‘Suicide’

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/04/2008] Scientists from the University College London (UCL) have identified a key difference between people who can fight the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) off successfully and those who fail to do so.Chronic Infection: Hepatitis B Virus Triggers Cell ‘Suicide’ - Read more

Transplantation: Hepatitis C Associated With Decreased Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/10/2006] Heart transplant patients who receive a donor heart from a person with hepatitis C have a lower rate of survival, according to a study. Transplantation: Hepatitis C Associated With Decreased Survival - Read more

 
 

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