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Photo Galleries 2010

Pregnancy: Women Who Gain too Much Or too Little Weight at Risk for Having an Overweight Child

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with glasses [16/04/2014] Gaining both too much or too little weight during pregnancy appears to increase the risk of having an overweight or obese child, according to a Kaiser Permanente study.Pregnancy: Women Who Gain too Much Or too Little Weight at Risk for Having an Overweight Child - Read more

Hygiene: Mouth and Throat Cancer through Poor Oral Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tooth brushing [15/04/2014] Poor oral health and failure to have regular dental checks could increase the risk of mouth and throat cancer, according to a pan-European study.Hygiene: Mouth and Throat Cancer through Poor Oral Health - Read more

Liver: Viral Hepatitis More Deadly Than HIV in Europe

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Infectious Disease [14/04/2014] The mortality from viral hepatitis is significantly higher than from HIV/AIDS across EU countries, according to results from The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010).Liver: Viral Hepatitis More Deadly Than HIV in Europe - Read more

New Prediction Model: Patient Survival after Paracetamol-related Liver Failure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills [10/04/2014] In the UK paracetamol toxicity is the most common cause of ALF and has a high mortality rate. It is estimated that 150 to 200 deaths and 15 to 20 LTs occur as a result of poisoning each year in England and Wales. New Prediction Model: Patient Survival after Paracetamol-related Liver Failure - Read more

Epidemic in Europe: Researchers Map the Risks of New Virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word dengue from a newspaper [08/04/2014] The risk of dengue fever beginning to spread in Europe is imminent. According to researchers from Umeå University, this is no longer just an issue for the scientific community but also for politicians and policy makers, who need to be prepared and develop preventive measures.Epidemic in Europe: Researchers Map the Risks of New Virus - Read more

Breast Cancer: Increased Risk of Developing Lung Cancer after Radiotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two women smoking [07/04/2014] Women who have radiotherapy for breast cancer have a small but significantly increased risk of subsequently developing a primary lung tumour, and now research has shown that this risk increases with the amount of radiation absorbed by the tissue.Breast Cancer: Increased Risk of Developing Lung Cancer after Radiotherapy - Read more

Climate: Heat Waves Reduce Length of Pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnant woman in the sun [04/04/2014] When temperatures reach 32°C or higher over a period of four to seven days, the risk of early-term delivery is 27 percent higher than on typical summer days, according to a study led by Nathalie Auger of the University of Montreal’s Department of Social and Preventive Medicine.Climate: Heat Waves Reduce Length of Pregnancy - Read more

Hospital: Low ICU Staffing Levels Affect Patient Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: ICU [04/04/2014] Patients in Intensive Care have a better chance of survival if there are more doctors and nurses working on the unit, new research shows.Hospital: Low ICU Staffing Levels Affect Patient Survival - Read more

Asthma: Air Pollution from Traffic Increases Odds of Readmission

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl with asthma [03/04/2014] Higher exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) dramatically increases the odds of readmission to the hospital for asthma – but only for white children, according to a new Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center study.Asthma: Air Pollution from Traffic Increases Odds of Readmission - Read more

Diabetes: Good Self-Management Helps to Reduce Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Sugar face [01/04/2014] People with type 2 diabetes who report good self-management behavior have a reduced mortality risk. This was the result of a population-based study conducted by scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München emphasizing the great importance of patient behavior in the diabetes treatment process.Diabetes: Good Self-Management Helps to Reduce Mortality - Read more

RESCUER: “Crowds should take an active part in ensuring their own safety during major events”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/04/2014] Thousands of people push through a tight tunnel: 21 people died while several hundred people were injured this way during the Love Parade 2010 disaster in Duisburg, Germany. Today we know that such disasters could be prevented, if communication between event participants and rescue workers would be better.RESCUER: “Crowds should take an active part in ensuring their own safety during major events” - Read more

Training: “Participants do not have to experience every mistake they make at the simulator with the patient first”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/04/2014] In an emergency, every flick of the wrist has to be correct – the right treatment is time-critical and usually vital. Mistakes can be fatal, so emergency physicians and paramedics need to be seasoned and experienced. But they will not always know certain problems from their daily work. Using patient simulators, they are able to train for rare situations and learn possible solutions.Training: “Participants do not have to experience every mistake they make at the simulator with the patient first” - Read more

Menkes Disease: Using PET Scanning to Evaluate Therapies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: PET image [27/03/2014] Scientists at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies have used PET imaging to visualize the distribution in the body of copper, which is deregulated in Menkes disease, a genetic disorder, using a mouse model. This study lays the groundwork for PET imaging studies on human Menkes disease patients to identify new therapy options.Menkes Disease: Using PET Scanning to Evaluate Therapies - Read more

College Students: Risk of Alcohol-related Cancer Lowers Intention for Binge Drinking

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman vomiting [26/03/2014] Binge drinking for college students has proven to be a huge problem at many universities. The risk of DUI or even death makes it a public health concern that students and administrators need to face. College Students: Risk of Alcohol-related Cancer Lowers Intention for Binge Drinking - Read more

Physical Activity: When Mothers are Active So Are Their Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mother and child [24/03/2014] Parents are strong influences in the lives of young children, with patterns of behaviour established in the early years laying the foundation for future choices. A new study suggests that, when it comes to levels of physical activity, it is mothers who set (or don't set) the pace. Physical Activity: When Mothers are Active So Are Their Children - Read more

Transplantations: Detection of Chronic Graft-vs.-Host Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ventilation hose [20/03/2014] A simple questionnaire that rates breathing difficulties on a scale of 0 to 3 predicts survival in chronic graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD), according to a current study.Transplantations: Detection of Chronic Graft-vs.-Host Disease - Read more

Alzheimer’s: How a Small Worm May Help the Fight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blue Roundworm [19/03/2014] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Biology of Ageing in Cologne have found that a naturally occurring molecule has the ability to enhance defense mechanisms against neurodegenerative diseases. Feeding this particular metabolite to the small roundworm C. elegans helps clear toxic protein aggregates in the body and extends life span. Alzheimer’s: How a Small Worm May Help the Fight - Read more

Prostate Cancer: PSA-testing and Early Treatment Decrease Risk of Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Old patient and doctor [18/03/2014] Mortality in prostate cancer is lower in areas with frequent use of PSA testing compared with areas with little testing shows a study published online today in Journal of the National Cancer Institute by researchers from Umeå University, Sweden and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.Prostate Cancer: PSA-testing and Early Treatment Decrease Risk of Death - Read more

Fitness: Dyspnea Predicts All-cause Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Breathless man [24/02/2014] Dyspnea, a sensation of breathlessness, during light daily activities can be used as an indicator of exercise intolerance and low fitness. According to a study on Finnish twins, persistent or developing dyspnea reveals an increased risk of death.Fitness: Dyspnea Predicts All-cause Mortality - Read more

Resourcefulness: How Moms with Children on Life-Sustaining Devices Stay Healthy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Familiy with five children [19/02/2014] Moms of children on life-sustaining devices embrace tips for managing over-stressed lives, CWRU pilot study finds.Resourcefulness: How Moms with Children on Life-Sustaining Devices Stay Healthy - Read more

Implant: Metal in the Heart is Non-hazardous to Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An occluder [19/02/2014] Materials Scientists at the University of Jena examined implants made of nickel-titanium alloy in a long-term study.Implant: Metal in the Heart is Non-hazardous to Health - Read more

Medical Tourists: Oversea Treatment without Sufficient Knowledge

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Plane [05/02/2014] A team of researchers has found that British people travelling abroad for medical treatment are often unaware of the potential health and financial consequences they could face.Medical Tourists: Oversea Treatment without Sufficient Knowledge - Read more

Coaching: Researchers Motivate Diabetics to Adopt Healthy Lifestyle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mouth with toothbrush [28/01/2014] By means of so-called health coaching, researchers at the University of Copenhagen have helped a large group of diabetics to markedly improve their oral health. The patients assume responsibility for their own bodies and boost their self-efficacy through motivational health coaching, taking a different approach to conventional health campaigns and one-way communication. Coaching: Researchers Motivate Diabetics to Adopt Healthy Lifestyle - Read more

Nutrition: High-protein Diets Increase Risk of Kidney Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Soy products [22/01/2014] An experiment by scientists at the University of Granada, Spain, shows a high-protein diet increases the chance of developing kidney stones and other renal diseases in rats.Nutrition: High-protein Diets Increase Risk of Kidney Disease - Read more

Birth: How Much Does it Cost to Have a Baby in a Hospital?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby in a suit holding a dollar [17/01/2014] Women giving birth in California can face a huge cost difference in their hospital bills, according to a new UC San Francisco study. Birth: How Much Does it Cost to Have a Baby in a Hospital? - Read more

USA: Exposures to Some Phthalates Fall After Federal Ban

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby and baby bottle [15/01/2014] Americans are being exposed to significantly lower levels of some phthalates that were banned from children's articles in 2008, but exposures to other forms of these chemicals are rising steeply, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.USA: Exposures to Some Phthalates Fall After Federal Ban - Read more

Technical Devices: The Cyborgs Era Has Started

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Human hand touches robot hand [15/01/2014] Medical implants, complex interfaces between brain and machine or remotely controlled insects: Recent developments combining machines and organisms have great potentials, but also give rise to major ethical concerns.Technical Devices: The Cyborgs Era Has Started - Read more

Study: At-home Test Can Spot Early Alzheimer's

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Test [13/01/2014] The Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination (SAGE test), which takes less than 15 minutes to complete, is a reliable tool for evaluating cognitive abilities, say researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. Study: At-home Test Can Spot Early Alzheimer's - Read more

MRI: Contrast Agent Linked with Brain Abnormalities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain scans [10/01/2014] For the first time, researchers have confirmed an association between a common magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent and abnormalities on brain MRI, according to a new study.MRI: Contrast Agent Linked with Brain Abnormalities - Read more

Ear: Tubes Do Not Improve Long-term Development

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ear plug [09/01/2014] It is a decision faced by millions of families of children with recurrent or chronic otitis media with effusion (non-infected fluid in the middle ear) each year. Out of concern regarding long-term effects, about a million families choose ear tubes annually.Ear: Tubes Do Not Improve Long-term Development - Read more

Contagious Heart Disease: "The Virus Manipulates the Host Cell on Different Levels"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/01/2014] Heart diseases can be triggered by special viruses that affect the cardiac muscle. Preventive drugs could definitely be developed – if the virus does not mutate. Contagious Heart Disease: "The Virus Manipulates the Host Cell on Different Levels" - Read more

Clinical Trials: „Registry-embedded clinical trials are the way of the future“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2014] Even medical risk products are not always tested as thoroughly as would be necessary – be it because of criminal energy, lack of know-how or financial reasons. A revision of clinical trial procedures could not only fix loop holes and methodological flaws. Products and methods could also be brought into general medical care more quickly under new rules.Clinical Trials: „Registry-embedded clinical trials are the way of the future“ - Read more

Study Approach: Surgical Trials Mean More Safety in the Operating Room

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2014] Whether a surgical suture is better applied manually or with a surgical stapler can be determined through trial and error. Determining which method guarantees patient safety best should also not just be based on a surgeon’s experience. Controlled studies are the method of choice to assess both well-proven and new techniques in the operating room. Study Approach: Surgical Trials Mean More Safety in the Operating Room - Read more

Breast Cancer Risk: Angelina Jolie's Preventive Mastectomy Raised Awareness, But Not Knowledge

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Oliver Stone, Angelina Jolie and Colin Farrell [19/12/2013] Angelina Jolie heightened awareness about breast cancer when she announced in a New York Times op-ed that she had undergone a preventive double mastectomy. But a study led by researchers in the University of Maryland School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health reveals that Jolie's story did not unfortunately translate into increased understanding of breast cancer risk. Breast Cancer Risk: Angelina Jolie's Preventive Mastectomy Raised Awareness, But Not Knowledge - Read more

Cancer: Increased Attention to Risk from Silica

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Demolition work [12/12/2013] Action could help millions of Americans exposed to silica at work: A new review highlights new developments in understanding the health effects of silica, and calls for action to reduce illness and death from silica exposure at work.Cancer: Increased Attention to Risk from Silica - Read more

Diabetes: Certain Drugs Lower Women’s Cancer Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with pills [10/12/2013] Insulin sensitizers reduce risk of cancer: A Cleveland Clinic-led study shows that a specific type of diabetes drug can decrease the risk of cancer in female patients with type 2 diabetes by up to 32 percent.Diabetes: Certain Drugs Lower Women’s Cancer Risk - Read more

International Study: Heart Disease Similar in Men and Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart Monitor [03/12/2013] An analysis of data from an international multicenter study of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) reveals that men and women with mild coronary artery disease and similar cardiovascular risk profiles share similar prognoses. International Study: Heart Disease Similar in Men and Women - Read more

Living With Chronic Pain: The Daily Struggle With a ‘New self’

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man holding his neck in pain [03/12/2013] A new study, funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Services and Delivery Research (HS&DR) Programme, systematically searches for, and makes sense of, the growing body of qualitative research on musculoskeletal pain to help understand the experiences of patients suffering from chronic pain.Living With Chronic Pain: The Daily Struggle With a ‘New self’ - Read more

Children: Air Pollution and Genetics Combine to Increase Risk for Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Text Autism [02/12/2013] Exposure to air pollution appears to increase the risk for autism among people who carry a genetic disposition for the neurodevelopmental disorder, according to newly published research led by scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC).Children: Air Pollution and Genetics Combine to Increase Risk for Autism - Read more

Smoking: Effect of Graphic Warnings on Cigarette Packages

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cigarettes [27/11/2013] The U.S. would have several million fewer smokers if graphic warning labels similar to those introduced in Canada nearly a decade ago were required on cigarette packs, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Waterloo.Smoking: Effect of Graphic Warnings on Cigarette Packages - Read more

Diabetes: Add Bone Deterioration to Complications

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bonedensity [14/11/2013] Physicians have long thought of osteoporosis as an additional negative outcome of long-time diabetes, next to nerve damages or eye problems for example. Based on a Mayo Clinic study that is confirmed: You can definitely add skeletal problems to the list.Diabetes: Add Bone Deterioration to Complications - Read more

Osteoporosis: 22 Million Women Over 50 Affected in the EU

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: EU Flags [13/11/2013] A recent report issued by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) estimates that more than 22 million women aged between 50-84 years in the European Union (EU) have osteoporosis.Osteoporosis: 22 Million Women Over 50 Affected in the EU - Read more

Public Health: Better Tests Needed to Improve Patient Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Petri dishes [08/11/2013] Despite advances in diagnostic technology, there is an urgent need for tests that are easy to use, identify the bug causing an infection and provide results faster than current tests, according to a report from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). Public Health: Better Tests Needed to Improve Patient Care - Read more

Study: More Accurate Method to Diagnose Pancreatic Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tumor [08/11/2013] Researchers from the University of Missouri have found a more accurate laboratory method for diagnosing pancreatic cancer, the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The disease causes more than 38,000 deaths each year in the United States, and kills 94 percent of people with the illness within five years, according to the National Cancer Institute. Study: More Accurate Method to Diagnose Pancreatic Cancer - Read more

Genetic Pathway: Conduit to Pediatric Tumor Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with no hair smiling [07/11/2013] Investigators at Johns Hopkins have found a known genetic pathway to be active in many difficult-to-treat pediatric brain tumors called low-grade gliomas, potentially offering a new target for the treatment of these cancers.Genetic Pathway: Conduit to Pediatric Tumor Treatment - Read more

New EU Project: Late Side-effects of the Treatment of Childhood Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with child talking to a doctor [07/11/2013] Is it possible to predict the likelihood of subsequent complications following cancer treatment on the basis of genetic tests? This is the main question to be addressed by an EU-wide research project that is being coordinated by the German Childhood Cancer Registry at the Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics (IMBEI) of the Mainz University Medical Center. New EU Project: Late Side-effects of the Treatment of Childhood Cancer - Read more

African Sleeping Sickness: New Treatment Comes Closer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Graphic [06/11/2013] Researchers at Umeå University have identified drugs targeting infections of the parasite Trypanosoma brucei and are thereby well on the way to find a cure against African sleeping sickness.African Sleeping Sickness: New Treatment Comes Closer - Read more

Conversations Between Lovers: Talking about Sexually Transmitted Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man and a woman looking surprised in bed [06/11/2013] Having sex can be fun; and talking about sex can be fun. Talking about sexually transmitted infections with a sexual interest, however, is a totally different matter, according to new research from Indiana University's Center for Sexual Health Promotion.Conversations Between Lovers: Talking about Sexually Transmitted Infections - Read more

Colon Cancer: Microbes in the Gut Help Determine Risk of Tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mice [05/11/2013] Transferring the gut microbes from a mouse with colon tumors to germ-free mice makes those mice prone to getting tumors as well. The work has implications for human health because it indicates the risk of colorectal cancer may well have a microbial component.Colon Cancer: Microbes in the Gut Help Determine Risk of Tumors - Read more

Childhood Obesity: Kids need more Sleep

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kid sleeping on grass [04/11/2013] It seems everyone is looking for a culprit when it comes to childhood obesity: fast food, sugary drinks, super-sized everything. But it turns out part of the blame may lie with the simple matter of turning out the lights and rolling into bed. Childhood Obesity: Kids need more Sleep - Read more

Immunization: No Serious Adverse Reactions to HPV Vaccination

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl vaccinated [17/10/2013] Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and their Danish colleagues have monitored HPV-vaccinated girls via patient data registries. Their results show no significant increase of the examined diseases in the vaccinated girls relative to their unvaccinated peers.Immunization: No Serious Adverse Reactions to HPV Vaccination - Read more

Complex Diseases: New Genetic Map

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Complex Diseases [02/10/2013] Now, scientists from the University of Chicago have created one of the most expansive analyses to date of the genetic factors at play in complex diseases—by using diseases with known genetic causes to guide them.Complex Diseases: New Genetic Map - Read more

Infections: Specialists Save Lives and Money

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cough [30/09/2013] Study finds patients benefit from improved outcomes and shorter hospital stays when a specialist for infectious diseases is involved in treatment for severe infections.Infections: Specialists Save Lives and Money - Read more

Men's Health: "To promote the health of a target group, we have to address their interests and resources"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/09/2013] Medicine considers the difference in treating men and women with gender medicine. Health promotion and prevention also carefully factor in target group specific characteristics. The Men’s Health Portal of the German Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) is a point of contact for specific health questions and information about men on the internet.Men's Health: "To promote the health of a target group, we have to address their interests and resources" - Read more

Implants: Novel Device to Treat High Blood Pressure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood Pressure [23/09/2013] Researchers at the University of Leicester and Glenfield Hospital have successfully used a novel “paper-clip” sized vascular coupling device to tackle resistant high blood pressure.Implants: Novel Device to Treat High Blood Pressure - Read more

Infections: Protecting Patients in Pediatric Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child care [20/09/2013] New pediatric infection prevention guidelines aim to protect patient and family guests in pediatric residential facilities.Infections: Protecting Patients in Pediatric Care - Read more

Age: Weight Change Is More Important Than Starting Point

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Weighing [20/09/2013] Some overweight older adults do not need to lose weight to extend their lives, but they could risk an earlier death if they pack on more pounds. People who are slightly overweight in their 50s but keep their weight relatively stable are the most likely to survive over the next 16 years.Age: Weight Change Is More Important Than Starting Point - Read more

Bones: One-third of Populations Have Low Levels of Vitamin D

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bones [10/09/2013] A new systematic review is one of the first to focus on patterns of vitamin D status worldwide and in key population subgroups, using continuous values for 25(OH)D to improve comparisons.Bones: One-third of Populations Have Low Levels of Vitamin D - Read more

Liver: Cancer in Peru is Like No Other

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgery [04/09/2013] Researchers have identified a geographical area in the Andes where dangerous liver cancer affects young people in high numbers.Liver: Cancer in Peru is Like No Other - Read more

Thyroid Cancer: Biopsy Guidelines Should Be Simplified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Thyroid examination [28/08/2013] A team led by UC San Francisco researchers has called for simplified guidelines on when to biopsy thyroid nodules for cancer, which they say would result in fewer unnecessary biopsies.Thyroid Cancer: Biopsy Guidelines Should Be Simplified - Read more

Drug Delivery: Less Therapeutic Eye Injections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye injection [22/08/2013] Johns Hopkins biomedical engineers have teamed up with clinicians to create a new drug-delivery strategy for a type of central vision loss caused by blood vessel growth at the back of the eye, where such growth should not occur.Drug Delivery: Less Therapeutic Eye Injections - Read more

Genetics: “The procedure with as few additional findings as possible should be chosen for analysis”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2013] Genome analysis is able to reveal risks for the development of specific diseases like cancer or Alzheimer’s. But if an analysis shows dispositions that are relevant to health and that originally were not searched for, both physicians and patients face a problem. They might not know how to evaluate the impact of this knowledge and how to deal with it.Genetics: “The procedure with as few additional findings as possible should be chosen for analysis” - Read more

Heart Attacks: Drug Dosing for Older Patients Should Differ

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills [20/08/2013] Older heart patients present unique challenges for determining the optimal dosages of medications. A new study from researchers at Duke Medicine offers some clarity about the use of drugs that are used to treat patients with heart attacks.Heart Attacks: Drug Dosing for Older Patients Should Differ - Read more

Blood: Risk Calculator for Venous Thromboses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood [19/08/2013] A venous thrombosis, the occlusion of a vein, can result in a pulmonary embolism. Researchers at the Medical University Vienna have now developed a “risk calculator” that enables doctors to estimate this risk more accurately.Blood: Risk Calculator for Venous Thromboses - Read more

Women: MRI Leading to More Breast Cancer Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRI image [16/08/2013] Heavy use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be leading to unnecessary breast removal in older women with breast cancer, according to a study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.Women: MRI Leading to More Breast Cancer Surgery - Read more

Antibiotics: Risk of Severe Blood Sugar Swings

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood sugar [15/08/2013] Diabetic patients taking oral fluoroquinolones, a class of antibiotics, were found to have a higher risk of severe blood sugar-related problems than diabetic patients taking other kinds of antibiotics.Antibiotics: Risk of Severe Blood Sugar Swings - Read more

Coronary Artery Disease: Continuously Neglected in Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Male and female [30/07/2013] Despite coronary artery disease (CAD) killing at least as many women as men each year, women are still today less likely to receive preventive recommendations than men at a similar risk level.Coronary Artery Disease: Continuously Neglected in Women - Read more

Virology: “It is critical to have networks to fight against viral diseases”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/07/2013] Many viral infections take a harmless course or can be prevented completely through vaccination. On the other hand, some infectious diseases that are known for a long time cannot be cured or prevented yet. Other viruses again just recently become focused by research as a potential health risk for humans since they have only been found in animals before.Virology: “It is critical to have networks to fight against viral diseases” - Read more

Algorithm: Accurate Prognosis for Epilepsy Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Algorithm [18/07/2013] Researchers at Bonn University Hospital and at the Max Planck Institute (MPI) Cologne predict chances of success of a surgical procedure to help epilepsy patients.Algorithm: Accurate Prognosis for Epilepsy Patients - Read more

Pain: New Compound Promising as Opioid Alternative

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Formula [17/07/2013] A drug targeting a protein complex containing two different types of opioid receptors may be an effective alternative to morphine and other opioid pain medications.Pain: New Compound Promising as Opioid Alternative - Read more

Well-Being: Positive Outlook Reduces Cardiac Events

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Happy couple [11/07/2013] People with cheerful temperaments are significantly less likely to suffer a coronary event such as a heart attack or sudden cardiac death, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.Well-Being: Positive Outlook Reduces Cardiac Events - Read more

Hospitals: Boosting Medical Safety Innovation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Data sheet [10/07/2013] As health care personnel race to improve the quality of their care to save lives and prevent unneeded harm, a new study indicates there is more they can do to learn about what errors are occurring and why.Hospitals: Boosting Medical Safety Innovation - Read more

Spinal Cord Stimulation: “We were able to restore motor function in paraplegic rats”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/07/2013] Spinal cord injuries are dangerous and often end in paraplegia. The severed nerve connections between the brain and musculoskeletal system lead to paralysis and thus restrict many patients. Current treatment options are limited to surgical intervention and subsequent rehabilitation.Spinal Cord Stimulation: “We were able to restore motor function in paraplegic rats” - Read more

Dietary Supplements: Improving Doctor-patient Communication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Supplements [04/07/2013] Dietary supplements like vitamins, minerals or herbs carry risks, including potentially adverse interactions with prescription drugs, and some people may even use them in place of conventional medications. Primary care physicians should communicate pros and cons to patients.Dietary Supplements: Improving Doctor-patient Communication - Read more

Liver: Drug-induced Injury Is on the Rise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drugs [27/06/2013] More people are being affected by drug-induced liver injury (DILI) than ever before, according to a new study.Liver: Drug-induced Injury Is on the Rise - Read more

Environment: Urban Trees Make Cities Healthier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Central Park [21/06/2013] An U.S. Forest Service and Davey Institute study found that urban trees are saving an average of one life every year per city as they reduce fine particulate pollution. In New York City, trees save an average of eight lives every year.Environment: Urban Trees Make Cities Healthier - Read more

Medication: Virtual "Pillbox" Increases Safety

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tablet [13/06/2013] Researchers at the Universidad Miguel Hernández (UMH) in Elche have designed an application for mobile devices that helps elderly people with multiple illnesses improve medication management.Medication: Virtual "Pillbox" Increases Safety - Read more

Nerves: A Path to Lower-risk Painkillers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills [11/06/2013] New findings provide vital step towards exploring pain medications that may lower risks of prescription drug abuse and side effects of painkillers.Nerves: A Path to Lower-risk Painkillers - Read more

Children: Reducing Unnecessary CT Scans

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: CT [11/06/2013] A study examining X-ray computed tomography (CT) use in children has found that reducing unnecessary scans and lowering the doses for the highest-dose scans could lower the overall lifetime risk of future imaging-related cancers.Children: Reducing Unnecessary CT Scans - Read more

IT & Security: “The use of mobile devices in hospitals is grossly negligent”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/06/2013] By now, mobile devices are constant companions for many people. However, we often do not consider that cell phones or tablets send signals that may impact other technical devices in their operation. This can have fatal consequences for patients in a hospital.IT & Security: “The use of mobile devices in hospitals is grossly negligent” - Read more

Surgery: More Deaths Closer to the Weekend

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Friday [29/05/2013] Patients undergoing planned surgery appear more likely to die if they have their operation at the end of the week. Researchers at Imperial College London looked at over four million elective procedures conducted in NHS hospitals in England between 2008 and 2011.Surgery: More Deaths Closer to the Weekend - Read more

Hospitals: Management of High Blood Glucose

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring blood glucose [24/05/2013] High blood glucose is associated with poor outcomes in hospitalized patients, and use of intensive insulin therapy (IIT) to control hyperglycemia is a common practice. Recent evidence does not show a consistent benefit, but even shows harm associated with IIT.Hospitals: Management of High Blood Glucose - Read more

Bloodstream: Hospitals Profit from Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Central line [23/05/2013] Johns Hopkins researchers report that hospitals may be reaping enormous income for patients whose hospital stays are complicated by preventable bloodstream infections contracted in their intensive care units.Bloodstream: Hospitals Profit from Infections - Read more

Operating Room: Distraction from Background Noises

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Operating room [13/05/2013] A new study finds that high levels of operating room (OR) noise can have a disruptive effect on a surgeon's auditory processing abilities.Operating Room: Distraction from Background Noises - Read more

Children: Local Laws Reduce Dangers of Lead

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lead Sign [08/05/2013] A new study catalogues community-based efforts to develop strategies and policies that – by targeting high risk housing – may hold the key to reducing lead hazards in children's homes.Children: Local Laws Reduce Dangers of Lead - Read more

Usability Engineering: Patient-Centered Product Development

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/05/2013] Developers of medical devices have to ensure a good usability of their devices, because mistakes in handling can endanger a human life. This is especially true for equipment used by patients or family members autonomously. This is where usability engineering that involves users and their needs into the development process comes in: From the early concept right up to product testing.Usability Engineering: Patient-Centered Product Development - Read more

Aging: Study Suggests Reduced Risk of Dementia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dementia [22/04/2013] A new Swedish study shows the risk of developing dementia may have declined over the past 20 years, in direct contrast to what many previously assumed. The result is based on data from the SNAC-K, an ongoing study on aging and health started in 1987.Aging: Study Suggests Reduced Risk of Dementia - Read more

Haiti: Cholera Mutations Could Lead to Severe Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteria [17/04/2013] The cholera strain that transferred to Haiti in 2010 has multiple toxin gene mutations that may account for the severity of disease and is evolving to be more like a 1800s version of cholera, reports a new Northwestern University study.Haiti: Cholera Mutations Could Lead to Severe Disease - Read more

Lung Cancer: Three Risk Factors Combined

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Asbestos warning [15/04/2013] The chances of developing lung cancer associated with asbestos exposure, asbestosis and smoking are dramatically increased when these three risk factors are combined.Lung Cancer: Three Risk Factors Combined - Read more

Diabetes: Higher Mercury Levels May Increase Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Salmon [08/04/2013] A new study found that higher levels of mercury exposure in young adults increased their risks for type 2 diabetes later in life by 65 percent. The study is the first to establish the link between mercury and diabetes in humans.Diabetes: Higher Mercury Levels May Increase Risk - Read more

Hospitals: Fighting Pathogens with Modern Means

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2013] Associations of medical professionals assume that each year about 730 000 patients suffer an infection connected to stationary or ambulatory treatment. Presumably 30 00 cases are fatal. Thus, the most important areas of work in a hospital are hygiene and infection prevention.Hospitals: Fighting Pathogens with Modern Means - Read more

Medical Textiles: “Most germs are spread through hand contact, not through textiles”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2013] Whether it’s implants, medical drape sheets or surgeons’ attire – medicine relies on textiles every day. Their main task is to protect patients and physicians from infection. Even though most germs are not transmitted through textiles, they have to meet hygiene requirements.Medical Textiles: “Most germs are spread through hand contact, not through textiles” - Read more

Diabetes Type 1: Health Risk of Youth

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl with diabetes [28/03/2013] Adolescent type 1 diabetes patients face greater risk for heart attacks, strokes, blindness and kidney failure later in life if their transition from pediatric to adult care is not carefully managed, two researchers at the University of Colorado have found.Diabetes Type 1: Health Risk of Youth - Read more

Hip Surgery: More Complications Than Previously Reported

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hip damage [26/03/2013] Outcomes after surgery have always been difficult to determine. Now a new case study on more than 500 hip procedures highlights that complication rates may be even higher than previous reports, researchers say.Hip Surgery: More Complications Than Previously Reported - Read more

Research Advances: Preventing Dangerous Blood Clots

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood clots [22/03/2013] New research from the University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center may help clinicians determine which patients are at highest risk for post-surgical blood clots in the legs or lungs.Research Advances: Preventing Dangerous Blood Clots - Read more

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Connection of Lifestyle and Risk?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand bones [19/03/2013] Researchers in Manchester have found a link between several lifestyle factors and pre-existing conditions, including smoking cigarettes and diabetes, and an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.Rheumatoid Arthritis: Connection of Lifestyle and Risk? - Read more

Medical Devices: Proposal for New Regulation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: European flags [14/03/2013] In a position paper, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) welcomes the European Commission’s (EC’s) proposals for a new regulation to govern the evaluation and approval of medical devices as an important step towards improving patient safety.Medical Devices: Proposal for New Regulation - Read more

Electric Cars: No Effect on Implanted Cardiac Devices

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Plug of an electric car [13/03/2013] A Mayo Clinic study has concluded that patients with implanted cardiac devices such as pacemakers and defibrillators can safely drive or ride in an electric car without risk of electromagnetic interference (EMI).Electric Cars: No Effect on Implanted Cardiac Devices - Read more

National Health: UK Lags Behind Europe

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Health in UK [12/03/2013] A new paper reveals that UK lags behind much of Europe on key measures of health: British people spend more time with chronic illness and disability than most Europeans. Young adults are hit hard by alcohol and drug use.National Health: UK Lags Behind Europe - Read more

Cardiologists: Simple Steps Lower Risk of Heart Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Walking in the office [31/01/2013] February is American Heart Month, a perfect time to remind people that small steps can reduce their risk of heart disease, the main death cause of men and women. Mayo Clinic cardiologists offer several simple tips to reduce the risk.Cardiologists: Simple Steps Lower Risk of Heart Disease - Read more

Kidney Failure: Irregular Heart Beat Elevates Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kidney [21/01/2013] Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research have found that the risk of kidney failure is greater for people with chronic kidney disease who also have atrial fibrillation, one of the most common forms of irregular heart rhythm in adults.Kidney Failure: Irregular Heart Beat Elevates Risk - Read more

Influenza: Pandemic Vaccine No Danger to Unborn

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pregnancy [17/01/2013] Pregnant women who were vaccinated against pandemic influenza in 2009 were not at increased risk of experiencing fetal death. However, pregnant women who contracted influenza had an increased risk of fetal death.Influenza: Pandemic Vaccine No Danger to Unborn - Read more

Vaccination: Why Americans Rather Risk Flu Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Flu risk [15/01/2013] With 41 states having reported widespread and severe outbreaks of flu this season, timely new research sheds light on why less than half of the American population has gotten a flu shot.Vaccination: Why Americans Rather Risk Flu Infection - Read more

Genomics: Costs of Bringing Research Into Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genomics [09/01/2013] Genomic research is widely expected to transform medicine, but progress has been slower than expected. Critics argue that the genomics "promise" has been broken – and that money might be better spent elsewhere.Genomics: Costs of Bringing Research Into Care - Read more

Prostate Cancer: Costs and Effectiveness of Therapies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man's investigation [08/01/2013] A study of researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), compares how the major types of prostate cancer treatments stack up to each other in terms of saving lives and cost effectiveness.Prostate Cancer: Costs and Effectiveness of Therapies - Read more

Health: Italian Immigrants Live Longer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Italian food [08/01/2013] Immigrants from Italy live longer than members of their host country. However, the risk of mortality is considerably higher for their offspring than their Swiss counterparts. More exposed to the influences of the host country, the second generation detaches itself from the healthy southern, as a study conducted by the University of Zurich’s Institute of Social and Preventative Medicine reveals.Health: Italian Immigrants Live Longer - Read more

Seeing: Specific Protein Essential for Healthy Eyes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [07/01/2013] Researchers have found that a specific protein is essential not only for maintaining a healthy retina in the eye, but also may have implications for understanding and possibly treating other conditions in the immune, reproductive, vascular and nervous systems and in various cancers.Seeing: Specific Protein Essential for Healthy Eyes - Read more

Shift Work: Reducing Workplace Accidents and Illnesses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sleeping workers [05/12/2012] An international team of sleep researchers has developed the world's first screening tool to help reduce workplace accidents and illnesses, including cardiovascular disease and cancer, caused by shift work.Shift Work: Reducing Workplace Accidents and Illnesses - Read more

OR Distractions: Young Surgeons Face Special Concerns

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Operation [03/12/2012] A study has found that young, less-experienced surgeons made major surgical mistakes almost half the time during a "simulated" gall bladder removal when they were distracted by noises, questions, conversation or other commotion in the operating room.OR Distractions: Young Surgeons Face Special Concerns - Read more

Obesity: Men With Belly Fat at Risk for Osteoporosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Belly [29/11/2012] Visceral, or deep belly, obesity is a risk factor for bone loss and decreased bone strength in men, according to a new study.Obesity: Men With Belly Fat at Risk for Osteoporosis - Read more

Bone Density: New Method Shows Risk of Hip Fracture

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand X-Ray [20/11/2012] A new study from Karolinska Institutet shows that a technique for measuring bone density called digital X-ray radio- grammetry used on standard hand radiographs can help to identify patients with a higher risk of hip fracture.Bone Density: New Method Shows Risk of Hip Fracture - Read more

Obesity: Epidemic Threatens Health of All Social Groups

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Obese woman [16/11/2012] A new thesis shows that obesity is increasing across all social groups and that we need to look at factors other than socioeconomic status to understand and solve one of the major public health concerns of the Western world.Obesity: Epidemic Threatens Health of All Social Groups - Read more

Nutrition: Limiting Carbs Reduces Risk for Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fastfood [15/11/2012] An experimental diet with carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinner could benefit people suffering from severe and morbid obesity, according to new research at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.Nutrition: Limiting Carbs Reduces Risk for Diabetes - Read more

Migraine Research: "Migraine is a complex disorder"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/11/2012] A global collaboration of scientists with participation by a team of researchers from the Headache and Pain Center Kiel (“Schmerzklinik Kiel”) has decoded four new gene locations whose changes significantly increase the risk of migraines. Recently in the world’s largest migraine study, the genes of more than 5,000 migraine patients were being examined and compared to 7,000 control persons. Migraine Research: "Migraine is a complex disorder" - Read more

Cardiology: Softening Arteries, Protecting The Heart

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Collagen in cells [02/11/2012] Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Wistar Institute, and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have discovered that the protein apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays a major role in maintaining arterial softness by suppressing production of the extracellular matrix, a network of connective tissue in the body.Cardiology: Softening Arteries, Protecting The Heart - Read more

Breast Cancer: Epigenetic Difference Explains the Different Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/10/2012] The research team led by Manel Esteller of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) has identified an epigenetic change in the twin who will develop breast cancer but not in the healthy one.Breast Cancer: Epigenetic Difference Explains the Different Risk - Read more

Kidney Transplant Patients: Readmitted to Hospital Within 30 Days

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/10/2012] Three in 10 patients receiving a kidney transplant require readmission to the hospital within 30 days of discharge following surgery, according to a Johns Hopkins analysis of six years of national data.Kidney Transplant Patients: Readmitted to Hospital Within 30 Days - Read more

Infections: Antibiotic Resistance Is a Growing Concern

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/10/2012] As a result of concerns about antibiotic resistance, doctors in the United States are increasingly prescribing newer, more costly and more powerful antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections, one of the most common illnesses in women.Infections: Antibiotic Resistance Is a Growing Concern - Read more

Dialysis: Quiz Could Determine Patients' Death Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/10/2012] A simple six-question quiz, typically used to assess disabilities in the elderly, could help doctors determine which kidney dialysis patients of any age are at the greatest risk of death, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.Dialysis: Quiz Could Determine Patients' Death Risk - Read more

Type 2 Diabetes: 14 New Biomarkers Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/10/2012] A German research team has identified 14 novel biomarkers for type 2 diabetes. They can become the basis for new methods of treatment and prevention. Furthermore, they can also be used to determine diabetes risk very early and to shed more light on the mechanisms of the disease.Type 2 Diabetes: 14 New Biomarkers Identified - Read more

T-Systems: Making mobile medical rounds with Smartphones and tablets

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2012] More and more hospital employees appreciate the potential of mobile working with Smartphones and tablets. Quick access to clinical data in day-to-day work life streamlines information search processes, can relieve physicians and supports the quality of medical care of patients. Deutsche (German)Telekom presents new solutions for healthcare. T-Systems: Making mobile medical rounds with Smartphones and tablets - Read more

Immune Cells: Puzzle of B-Cell Lymphoma Development Solved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/09/2012] Doctor Dinis Pedro Calado and Doctor Klaus Rajewsky of the Max Delbrück Center (MDC) have identified subgroups of B cells in germinal centers in which the proto-oncogene Myc, a critical regulator of cellular proliferation, is highly activated.Immune Cells: Puzzle of B-Cell Lymphoma Development Solved - Read more

Global Trade: Economic Pressures Altering Disease Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/09/2012] The pressures of global trade may heighten disease incidence by dictating changes in land use. A boom in disease-carrying ticks and chiggers has followed the abandonment of rice cultivation in Taiwanese paddies, say ecologist Chi-Chien Kuo and colleagues, demonstrating the potential for global commodities pricing to drive the spread of infections.Global Trade: Economic Pressures Altering Disease Risk - Read more

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Minimally Invasive Surgery Works Well

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/09/2012] A minimally invasive procedure known as endovascular repair used for abdominal aortic aneurysms has a low rate of complications, even in high-risk patients such as those with kidney, heart or lung problems, a Mayo Clinic study shows.Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Minimally Invasive Surgery Works Well - Read more

Arthritis: Biologic Therapies Not Associated with Cancer Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/09/2012] Biologic therapies developed in the last decade for rheumatoid arthritis are not associated with an increased risk of cancer when compared with traditional treatments for the condition, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.Arthritis: Biologic Therapies Not Associated with Cancer Risk - Read more

Warning: E-cigarettes Can Damage the Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/09/2012] New research has shown that despite electronic cigarettes being marketed as a potentially safer alternative to normal cigarettes, they are still causing harm to the lungs. A new study has added new evidence to the debate over the safety of alternative nicotine-delivery products.Warning: E-cigarettes Can Damage the Lungs - Read more

Drug Addiction: Traumatic Childhood may Increase the Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/09/2012] Research from the University of Cambridge examines the link between a traumatic upbringing and personality traits which increase the risk of addiction. Drug Addiction: Traumatic Childhood may Increase the Risk - Read more

Nutrition: Improved Sperm DNA Quality in Older Men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/08/2012] A new study led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) found that a healthy intake of micronutrients is strongly associated with improved sperm DNA quality in older men. In younger men, however, a higher intake of micronutrients did not improve their sperm DNA.Nutrition: Improved Sperm DNA Quality in Older Men - Read more

Neurology: Risk of Stroke from Cardiac Catheterizations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/08/2012] When a patient undergoes a cardiac catheterization procedure such as a balloon angioplasty, there's a slight risk of a stroke or other neurological complications. While the risk is extremely small, neurologists nevertheless may expect to see catheterization-induced complications because so many procedures are performed, according to researchers of Loyola University.Neurology: Risk of Stroke from Cardiac Catheterizations - Read more

Project Artificial Heart: ”An absolutely reliable function has to be guaranteed over a long period of time“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/08/2012] It is the dream of those who are on the waiting list for a donor heart: an artificial heart that can be immediately implanted as needed and thus saves lives. ReinHeart is the name of the artificial heart system that is currently being developed at the Institute for Applied Medical Technology at RWTH Aachen University (AME). Project Artificial Heart: ”An absolutely reliable function has to be guaranteed over a long period of time“ - Read more

Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/08/2012] In the United States, one in 10 children suffers from asthma. Researchers of the University of Cincinnati now report new evidence that exposure to three types of mold during infancy may have a direct link to asthma development during childhood.Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk - Read more

Colorectal Operations: Safety Program Lowers Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/07/2012] A surgical patient safety program that combines three components — accurate outcome measurement, support of hospital leadership, and engaged frontline providers — reduces surgical site infections (SSIs) by 33 per cent in patients who undergo colorectal procedures, according to a new study.Colorectal Operations: Safety Program Lowers Infections - Read more

Hot Asphalt: Higher Cancer Rates in Roofers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/07/2012] A University of Colorado Cancer Centre study shows that roofers have higher PAH blood-levels after working a shift and that these high levels of PAHs are linked with increased rates of DNA damage, and potentially with higher cancer risk.Hot Asphalt: Higher Cancer Rates in Roofers - Read more

Genetic: New Insights into the Parkinson’s Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/07/2012] Scientists at the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research and the University Hospital of Tübingen have –as leaders of a large, international joint study – demonstrated the significance of new genetic risk factors for Parkinson’s disease in different population groups.Genetic: New Insights into the Parkinson’s Disease - Read more

Weight Gain: High-fat Diet Increases Sleep Fragmentation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/07/2012] Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB) finds that prolonged exposure to a high-fat diet reduces the quality of sleep in rats.Weight Gain: High-fat Diet Increases Sleep Fragmentation - Read more

New Insights: Stress and Pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/07/2012] Expectant mothers who dealt with the strain of a hurricane or major tropical storm passing nearby during their pregnancy had children who were at elevated risk for abnormal health conditions at birth, according to a study led by a Princeton University researcher that offers new insights into the effects of stress on pregnancy. New Insights: Stress and Pregnancy - Read more

Computer Networks: "We can arrive considerably faster at the patient-specific mutations"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2012] Some scientific problems cannot be solved by using simple means. They require a fast “superbrain“ to be able to process and draw conclusions from extremely complex data. Now scientists at the Charité in collaboration with the Hasso-Plattner-Institute have launched a high-performance computer that could become important for personalized medicine. Computer Networks: "We can arrive considerably faster at the patient-specific mutations" - Read more

Thyroid: Gene Expression Test Identifies Low-risk Nodules

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/06/2012] A new test can be used to identify low-risk thyroid nodules, reducing unnecessary surgeries for people with thyroid nodules that have indeterminate results after biopsy – according to researchers of the University of Pennsylvania.Thyroid: Gene Expression Test Identifies Low-risk Nodules - Read more

Cardiovascular Disease: Low Steroid Levels Linked to Increased Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/06/2012] Low levels of a naturally occurring steroid are associated with an increased risk of heart and blood-vessel disease in elderly men, a new study finds.Cardiovascular Disease: Low Steroid Levels Linked to Increased Risk - Read more

Patients: Protected From Diabetic Eye Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/06/2012] Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Centre have completed a study of 158 people who have lived with type 1 diabetes (T1D) for 50 years or more with eye examinations and have concluded that a high proportion of this unique group of patients developed little to no diabetic eye disease over time.Patients: Protected From Diabetic Eye Disease - Read more

Sleeping Under 6 Hours: Risk of Stroke for Normal-weight Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/06/2012] Habitually sleeping less than six hours a night significantly increases the risk of stroke symptoms among middle-age to older adults who are of normal weight and at low risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to a study of 5,666 people followed for up to three years.Sleeping Under 6 Hours: Risk of Stroke for Normal-weight Adults - Read more

Large Waistlines: Increased Mortality Risk Older People

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/06/2012] Older people with large waistlines have a higher mortality rate than those with a slim waistline. This was shown in a new study conducted by the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Large Waistlines: Increased Mortality Risk Older People - Read more

Health Risk: Air Pollution Linked to Chronic Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2012] Air pollution, a serious danger to the environment, is also a major health risk, associated with respiratory infections, lung cancer and heart disease. Now a Tel Aviv University researcher has concluded that not only does air pollution impact cardiac events such as heart attack and stroke, but it also causes repeated episodes over the long term.Health Risk: Air Pollution Linked to Chronic Disease - Read more

Low Vitamin D: Diet Increases Stroke Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/05/2012] Japanese-American men who did not eat foods rich in vitamin D had a higher risk of stroke later in life, according to results of a 34-year study of the University of Hawaii in Honolulu.Low Vitamin D: Diet Increases Stroke Risk - Read more

Cannabis Use: Brain Regions Associated with Schizophrenia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/05/2012] New research from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) has shown physical changes to exist in specific brain areas implicated in schizophrenia following the use of cannabis during adolescence. The research has shown how cannabis use during adolescence can interact with a gene, called the COMT gene, to cause physical changes in the brain.Cannabis Use: Brain Regions Associated with Schizophrenia - Read more

COPD: Comorbidities Increase Risk of Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/05/2012] Comorbidities are common among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and a number of these comorbidities are independently associated with an increased mortality risk, according to a new study.COPD: Comorbidities Increase Risk of Mortality - Read more

Blood Clots: Outpatient Surgery Patients also at Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/04/2012] A University of Michigan Health System study examined who is having outpatient surgery in the United States today, and showed 1 in 84 highest-risk patients suffers a dangerous blood clot after surgery.Blood Clots: Outpatient Surgery Patients also at Risk - Read more

Blood: Wide Variation in Transfusion Use in Operating Rooms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/04/2012] Citing the lack of clear guidelines for ordering blood transfusions during surgery, Johns Hopkins researchers say a new study confirms there is still wide variation in the use of transfusions and frequent use of transfused blood in patients who do not need it.Blood: Wide Variation in Transfusion Use in Operating Rooms - Read more

Prostate Cancer: Fewer Complications with Robot-assisted Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/04/2012] Robot-assisted surgery is now both more common and far more successful than radical "open" surgery to treat prostate cancer in the United States, according to a new Henry Ford Hospital study. The research is the first to compare in a nationwide population sample the results of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) to the standard surgical procedure, open radical prostatectomy (ORP).Prostate Cancer: Fewer Complications with Robot-assisted Surgery - Read more

Diabetes Patients: Cause of Fatty Deposits in the Hearts Settled

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/04/2012] The impaired substrate metabolism of diabetes patients is often expressed in an increase in fatty deposits in the cells of the heart muscle. Until now, the exact cause of this was unknown. Now, researchers at the Medical University Vienna have shown that high blood sugar in combination with high levels of insulin – not an influx of fats – results in such deposits within a few hours.Diabetes Patients: Cause of Fatty Deposits in the Hearts Settled - Read more

Children's Immune System: Resistance Against Influenza

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/04/2012] Scientists found out that there may be a connection between age and susceptibility to the influenza virus. But this phenomenon cannot be explained by frailty in general, because it is not obvious that very small children and the very old are the biggest risk groups. Children's Immune System: Resistance Against Influenza - Read more

Cancer Diagnosis: Risk of Suicide Immediately Following

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/04/2012] People who are diagnosed with cancer have a markedly increased risk of suicide and cardiovascular death during the period immediately after being given the diagnosis. This has been shown in a new study from Karolinska Institutet.Cancer Diagnosis: Risk of Suicide Immediately Following - Read more

Asthma: Children Have Lung Function Deficits as Neonates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] Children who develop asthma by age seven have deficits in lung function and increased bronchial responsiveness as neonates, a new study from researchers in Denmark suggests.Asthma: Children Have Lung Function Deficits as Neonates - Read more

The Slightly Different Kind of Flu: Pneumonia as reflected in modern medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] Pneumonia is a classic among infectious diseases. Hippocrates already described an illness whose symptoms included coughing followed by pneumonia but today would more resemble an influenza virus. Sir William Osler, considered to be the father of modern medicine, characterized it as “Captain of the Men of Death“ at the start of the 20th century. And what about today?The Slightly Different Kind of Flu: Pneumonia as reflected in modern medicine - Read more

Brain and Body: Loss of Appetite Deciphered in Brain Cell Circuit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/03/2012] The meal is pushed way, untouched. Loss of appetite can be a fleeting queasiness or continue to the point of emaciation. While it's felt in the gut, more is going on inside the head. New findings are emerging about brain and body messaging pathways that lead to loss of appetite, and the systems in place to avoid starvation.Brain and Body: Loss of Appetite Deciphered in Brain Cell Circuit - Read more

Enzyme: Progression of Gastrointestinal Tumours

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/03/2012] Gastrointestinal stroma tumours (GIST) are a very particular challenge for cancer research. For once the tumours, which are mostly located in the stomach, are relatively rare and hence are difficult to research.Enzyme: Progression of Gastrointestinal Tumours - Read more

Bipolar Disorder: Body Clocks May Hold Key for Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/03/2012] Scientists have gained insight into why lithium salts are effective at treating bipolar disorder in what could lead to more targeted therapies with fewer side-effects.Bipolar Disorder: Body Clocks May Hold Key for Treatment - Read more

Astronauts: Prolonged Space Travel Causes Brain and Eye Abnormalities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/03/2012] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the eyes and brains of 27 astronauts who have spent prolonged periods of time in space revealed optical abnormalities similar to those that can occur in intracranial hypertension of unknown cause, a potentially serious condition in which pressure builds within the skull. Astronauts: Prolonged Space Travel Causes Brain and Eye Abnormalities - Read more

Guideline: Monitoring Spinal Cord During Surgery May Help Prevent Paralysis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/03/2012] The American Academy of Neurology is issuing an updated guideline that recommends monitoring the spinal cord during spinal surgery and certain chest surgeries to help prevent paralysis, or loss of muscle function, related to the surgeries.Guideline: Monitoring Spinal Cord During Surgery May Help Prevent Paralysis - Read more

New Study: More Children Living with 'Life-limiting' Conditions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/03/2012] The number of children with conditions such as muscular dystrophy, neurodegenerative disorders or severe cerebral palsy who are surviving into adulthood has been underestimated, a new study led from the University of Leeds shows.New Study: More Children Living with 'Life-limiting' Conditions - Read more

Product development: “If you fail early, you will reach your goal faster“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/03/2012] Medical devices are becoming increasingly complex and develop faster and faster technically. Modern medicine would be unthinkable without the use of new and more delicate equipment. But there can also be risks to patients, since a comprehensible handling cannot be guaranteed in all cases – it can’t even be excluded in experienced medical specialists. Product development: “If you fail early, you will reach your goal faster“ - Read more

Heart Patients: Statins Linked with Lower Depression Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/02/2012] Patients with heart disease who took cholesterol-lowering statins were significantly less likely to develop depression than those who did not, in a study by Doctor Mary Whooley of the San Francisco VA Medical Centre and the University of California, San Francisco.Heart Patients: Statins Linked with Lower Depression Risk - Read more

Liver Transplantation: Math Can Save Tylenol Overdose Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/02/2012] University of Utah mathematicians developed a set of calculus equations to make it easier for doctors to save Tylenol overdose patients by quickly estimating how much painkiller they took, when they consumed it and whether they will require a liver transplant to survive.Liver Transplantation: Math Can Save Tylenol Overdose Patients - Read more

Obesity and Liver Disease: Faulty Fat Sensor Implicated

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/02/2012] Defects in a protein that functions as a dietary fat sensor may be a cause of obesity and liver disease, according to a study led by researchers at Imperial College London. The findings highlight a promising target for new drugs to treat obesity and metabolic disorders.Obesity and Liver Disease: Faulty Fat Sensor Implicated - Read more

Septic Shock Patients: Fever Control Using External Cooling Reduces Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/02/2012] Fever control using external cooling in sedated patients with septic shock is safe and decreases vasopressor requirements and early mortality, according to a new study from researchers in France.Septic Shock Patients: Fever Control Using External Cooling Reduces Mortality - Read more

Heart Attack and Early Death: Cellular Aging Increases Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/02/2012] Researchers have long speculated that the shortening of telomeres increases the risk of heart attack and early death. Now a large-scale population study in Denmark involving nearly 20,000 people shows that there is in fact a direct link, and has also given physicians a future way to test the actual cellular health of a person.Heart Attack and Early Death: Cellular Aging Increases Risk - Read more

Bones: Exercise in Early Twenties May Lower Risk of Osteoporosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/02/2012] Physical exercise in the early twenties improves bone development and may reduce the risk of fractures later in life, reveals a study of more than 800 Swedish men carried out at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Bones: Exercise in Early Twenties May Lower Risk of Osteoporosis - Read more

Health Care: Tell Me How You Are – and I Know How Long You Will Live

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/02/2012] The way people rate their health determines their probability of survival in the following decades. Researchers from the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine at the University of Zurich demonstrate that for ratings ranging from “excellent”, “good”, “fair” and “poor” to “very poor”, the risk of mortality increases steadily.Health Care: Tell Me How You Are – and I Know How Long You Will Live - Read more

Healthcare: Diabetes Rates Vary Widely in Developing Countries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/02/2012] Rates of diabetes vary widely across developing countries worldwide, according to a new analysis led by Doctor Longjian Liu of Drexel University’s School of Public Health.Healthcare: Diabetes Rates Vary Widely in Developing Countries - Read more

Discovery: Processes Leading to Acute Myeloid Leukaemia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/01/2012] Researchers at UC Santa Barbara have discovered a molecular pathway that may explain how a particularly deadly form of cancer develops. The discovery may lead to new cancer therapies that reprogram cells instead of killing them. Discovery: Processes Leading to Acute Myeloid Leukaemia - Read more

Men: Brachytherapy Reduced Death Rates in High-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/01/2012] Brachytherapy for high-risk prostate cancers patients has historically been considered a less effective modality, but a new study from radiation oncologists at the Kimmel Cancer Centre at Jefferson suggests otherwise.Men: Brachytherapy Reduced Death Rates in High-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients - Read more

Intensive-Care Medicine: ECMO as a Bridge to Lung Transplantation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/01/2012] Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in awake, non-intubated patients may be an effective strategy for bridging patients to lung transplantation, according to a new study of the Hannover Medical School in Hannover, Germany.Intensive-Care Medicine: ECMO as a Bridge to Lung Transplantation - Read more

Hypersensitivity: Why Do Smells Make Some People Sick

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/01/2012] Do you get a headache from the perfume of the lady next to you at the table? Do cleaning solutions at work make your nose itch? If you have symptoms prompted by everyday smells, it does not necessarily mean you are allergic but rather that you suffer from chemical intolerance. According to a scientist at Umea University this hypersensitivity can be the result of an inability to get used to smells.Hypersensitivity: Why Do Smells Make Some People Sick - Read more

Drug Research: Fewer Animal Experiments Thanks to Nanosensors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/01/2012] Experiments on animals have been the subject of criticism for decades. The number of tests involving laboratory animals has in fact gone up. Now, researchers of the Fraunhofer Research Institution for Modular Solid State Technologies EMFT in Munich, Germany have found an alternative approach: they hope sensor nanoparticles will reduce the need for animal testing.Drug Research: Fewer Animal Experiments Thanks to Nanosensors - Read more

Monkey pox: Novel Compound to Halt Virus Replication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/01/2012] Scientists of Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have identified a novel compound that inhibits viruses from replicating. The findings could lead to the development of highly targeted compounds to block the replication of poxviruses, such as the emerging infectious disease Monkey pox.Monkey pox: Novel Compound to Halt Virus Replication - Read more

Children: Gestational Diabetes and Low Socioeconomic Status Raise Risk of ADHD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/01/2012] In the first study of its kind, researchers at Queens College and Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that low socioeconomic status (SES) and maternal gestational diabetes together may cause a 14-fold increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in six year olds.Children: Gestational Diabetes and Low Socioeconomic Status Raise Risk of ADHD - Read more

Anorexia Therapy: Allowing yourself to enjoy food again

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/01/2012] There is no drug to treat anorexia nervosa. This complex mental illness that goes along with severe physical impairments requires intense therapy that has one final goal in mind: the affected person is supposed to relearn healthy eating patterns to avoid becoming dangerously underweight. Anorexia Therapy: Allowing yourself to enjoy food again - Read more

Eye Diseases: Outside Temperatures, Sun Exposure and Gender May Trigger Glaucoma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/01/2012] When it comes to whether or not you will develop exfoliation syndrome (ES) – an eye condition that is a leading cause of secondary open-angle glaucoma and increased risk of cataract as well as cataract surgery complications – age, gender and where you live does matter, according to a study of Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary.Eye Diseases: Outside Temperatures, Sun Exposure and Gender May Trigger Glaucoma - Read more

Full Face Transplants: An Inside Look at Face Transplantation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/12/2011] In March 2011, a surgical team at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) performed the first full face transplantation (FFT) in the United States and went on to complete a total of three FFTs this year. Full Face Transplants: An Inside Look at Face Transplantation - Read more

Psychology: Childhood Hypersensitivity Linked to OCD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/12/2011] In childhood, rituals like regular schedules for meal, bath, and bed times are a healthy part of behavioural development. But combined with oral and tactile sensitivities, such as irritation caused by specific fabrics, these rituals could be an early warning sign of adult Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Psychology: Childhood Hypersensitivity Linked to OCD - Read more

Emotional Relationship: Study Links Quality of Mother-toddler Relationship to Teen Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/12/2011] The quality of the emotional relationship between a mother and her young child could affect the potential for that child to be obese during adolescence, a new study by Ohio State University suggests.Emotional Relationship: Study Links Quality of Mother-toddler Relationship to Teen Obesity - Read more

Barely Noticed: Creating Awareness of Rare Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/12/2011] “Rare diseases”, by their very definition, occur in no more than 5 people out of every 10,000 inhabitants. Barely noticed by the general public, only around 1,000 of the currently 6,000 or so different rare diseases currently listed on the Internet platform Orphanet are treatable nowadays.Barely Noticed: Creating Awareness of Rare Diseases - Read more

Improvement: Benefits of Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy in Heart Failure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/12/2011] Large-scale clinical trials have highlighted the beneficial effect of cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) in the improvement of symptoms and reduction of mortality, and CRT is now recommended in the major European and American guidelines for the treatment and prevention of heart failure. Improvement: Benefits of Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy in Heart Failure - Read more

Statins: Cholesterol-Lowering Medication Accelerates Depletion of Plaque in Arteries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/12/2011] In a new study, NYU Langone Medical Centre researchers have discovered how cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins promote the breakdown of plaque in the arteries. The findings support a large clinical study that recently showed patients taking high-doses of the cholesterol-lowering medications not only reduced their cholesterol levels but also reduced the amount of plaque in their arteries.Statins: Cholesterol-Lowering Medication Accelerates Depletion of Plaque in Arteries - Read more

Sensor Mat: Lying and Sitting More Comfortably

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/12/2011] People who have to sit at work often have back pain. People permanently confined to bed are even worse off – they frequently develop bed sores. New smart cushioning is intended to eliminate the discomforts of lying and sitting. An integrated sensor system equalises pressure selectively.Sensor Mat: Lying and Sitting More Comfortably - Read more

Hospital Room Cleaning: New Disinfection Technique

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/12/2011] A Queen’s University infectious disease expert has collaborated in the development of a disinfection system that may change the way hospital rooms all over the world are cleaned as well as stop bed bug outbreaks in hotels and apartments.Hospital Room Cleaning: New Disinfection Technique - Read more

Cancer Diagnosis: PSA Testing Can Reduce Unnecessary Prostate Biopsies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/12/2011] Prostate cancer screening that combines an adjusted blood test with other factors including the size of the gland, the patient’s overall weight and family history, can help up to one-quarter of men avoid biopsies and the risks associated with them, a Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre-led research team says.Cancer Diagnosis: PSA Testing Can Reduce Unnecessary Prostate Biopsies - Read more

Children: New Approach to Management of Overeating

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/12/2011] Current methods to treat overeating in youth focus on therapies that restrict what kids may eat, requiring them to track their food intake and engage in intensive exercise. But for most children, such behavioural therapy techniques do not work long term, according to Doctor Kerri Boutelle from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.Children: New Approach to Management of Overeating - Read more

Heart Attacks: Stopping Dangerous Cell Regrowth Reduces Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/12/2011] Like Yin and Yang, the two proteins have opposite effects in the walls of blood vessels. AIF-1 stimulates undesirable formation of new cells after a vascular injury, and IRT-1 has the opposite effect. It is the latter, IRT-1, that researcher of Lund University in Sweden and Temple University in the USA want to use to stop a dangerous development in the artery.Heart Attacks: Stopping Dangerous Cell Regrowth Reduces Risk - Read more

Neuroendocrine Tumours: Everolimus Prolongs Progression-Free Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2011] Combination treatment with everolimus, an inhibitor of the mammalian target rapamycin (mTOR), and octreotide has shown to improve progression-free survival for patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumours and a history of carcinoid syndrome, according to researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Centre.Neuroendocrine Tumours: Everolimus Prolongs Progression-Free Survival - Read more

Abdominal Pain: Use of Opioid Painkillers Has More than Doubled

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2011] Across United States outpatient clinics between 1997 and 2008, opioid prescriptions for chronic abdominal pain more than doubled, according to a new study of the American Gastroenterological Association.Abdominal Pain: Use of Opioid Painkillers Has More than Doubled - Read more

Teacher Burnout: “The goal is to help the affected person in solving problems“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2011] In the mornings you are always right and in the afternoons you have time off – this prejudice about teachers is always quoted when teachers describe the struggles of their jobs. And yet it’s this profession in particular that’s acutely threatened by stress-related diseases such as burnout for instance. Teacher Burnout: “The goal is to help the affected person in solving problems“ - Read more

Implants: Cobblestones Fool Innate Immunity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/11/2011] Coating the surface of an implant such as a new hip or pacemaker with nanosized metallic particles reduces the risk of rejection, and researchers at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, can now explain why: they fool the innate immune system.Implants: Cobblestones Fool Innate Immunity - Read more

Resuscitation: Sharp Decrease in Deaths from Sudden Cardiac Arrest

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/11/2011] Only a few decades ago, sudden cardiac arrest was a death sentence. Today, a victim of sudden cardiac arrest is saved roughly once every six hours in Sweden, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, reviewing all cases of sudden cardiac arrest over a 30-year period.Resuscitation: Sharp Decrease in Deaths from Sudden Cardiac Arrest - Read more

Damaged Nerves: Improved Method of Electrical Stimulation Could Help Treat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/11/2011] Earlier this fall, a plastic surgery research team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre (BIDMC) found a new method of nerve stimulation that reduces the device's electrical threshold by 40 per cent, compared with traditional FES therapy. The findings could help researchers develop a safer, more efficient functional electrical stimulation (FES) therapy with fewer side effects.Damaged Nerves: Improved Method of Electrical Stimulation Could Help Treat - Read more

Haemoglobin: Protection from Severe Malaria Explained

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/11/2011] Why do people with a hereditary mutation of the red blood pigment haemoglobin (as is the case with sickle-cell anaemia prevalent in Africa) not contract severe malaria? Scientists in the group headed by Professor Michael Lanzer of the Department of Infectious Diseases at Heidelberg University Hospital (Germany) have now solved this mystery.Haemoglobin: Protection from Severe Malaria Explained - Read more

Epilepsy: Ultrathin Flexible Brain Implant Offers Unique Look at Seizures

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/11/2011] Researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed a flexible brain implant that could one day be used to treat epileptic seizures. In animal studies, the researchers used the device – a type of electrode array that conforms to the brain's surface – to take an unprecedented look at the brain activity underlying seizures. Epilepsy: Ultrathin Flexible Brain Implant Offers Unique Look at Seizures - Read more

USA: Guns in the Home Part of Comprehensive Preventive Health Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/11/2011] This June, a law took effect in the state of Florida limiting physicians' ability to ask patients about firearm ownership. In September, a federal judge granted a preliminary injunction preventing enforcement of the law, citing that the law impeded doctors' Constitutional right to freedom of speech. Now researchers analysed available data around firearm injuries and prevention.USA: Guns in the Home Part of Comprehensive Preventive Health Care - Read more

Study: Stroke Prevention Clinics Reduce 1-Year Mortality Rates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/11/2011] Research led by Doctor Vladimir Hachinski of The University of Western Ontario reveals just how important it is for patients to be referred to a stroke prevention clinic following either a mild stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA). The study showed a 26 per cent reduction in one-year mortality rates among those referred to a stroke prevention clinic.Study: Stroke Prevention Clinics Reduce 1-Year Mortality Rates - Read more

Drugs: Increased Risk of Schizophrenia in Heavy Methamphetamine Users

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/11/2011] In a study, scientists from Toronto's Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) found evidence that heavy methamphetamine users might have a higher risk of developing schizophrenia. This finding was based on a large study comparing the risk among methamphetamine users not only to a group that did not use drugs, but also to heavy users of other drugs.Drugs: Increased Risk of Schizophrenia in Heavy Methamphetamine Users - Read more

Children: Body Weight, Sleep-disordered Breathing and Cognition Linked

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/11/2011] Researchers at the University of Chicago have found important new relationships between obesity, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and cognitive processing among elementary school children. Children: Body Weight, Sleep-disordered Breathing and Cognition Linked - Read more

Gene Therapy: Hemophilia Treatment in Animal Studies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/11/2011] For the first time, researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center's Institute for Regenerative Medicine have combined gene therapy and stem cell transplantation to successfully reverse the severe, crippling bleeding disorder hemophilia A in large animals, opening the door to the development of new therapies for human patients.Gene Therapy: Hemophilia Treatment in Animal Studies - Read more

Chronic Wounds: "Among experts we focus far too little on the basics"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/11/2011] If a wound does not heal within four to twelve weeks after emergence, doctors call it a chronic wound. In many cases underlying diseases such as venous or vascular disease or diabetes mellitus are the cause. A successful therapy, however, still presents a challenge and requires an interdisciplinary cooperation.Chronic Wounds: "Among experts we focus far too little on the basics" - Read more

Better Living: A well-cared for and lovingly furnished home also benefits your health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/11/2011] Few people likely wonder whether their apartment and its furnishings are also good for their health. At best, such questions are normally asked when mold and mildew ruin the walls or water runs down the windows on the inside.Better Living: A well-cared for and lovingly furnished home also benefits your health - Read more

Health Care: Poorer Countries Have Worse Stroke Outcomes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/11/2011] People living in poor countries or countries that spend proportionately less on health-care are about 30 per cent more likely to have a stroke, a new study shows. They are also more likely to die from a stroke within 30 days, have a stroke at a younger age or have a hemorrhagic stroke – a more severe type caused by a burst blood vessel bleeding in or near the brain.Health Care: Poorer Countries Have Worse Stroke Outcomes - Read more

Sexuality: First Evidence That Anal Cancer Is Preventable

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/10/2011] An international clinical trial led by scientists at the University of California, San Francisco indicates that a vaccine to prevent anal cancer is safe and effective. Though anal cancer is less common than other forms of the disease in the United States, the number of cases has increased in recent years, and is particularly common among men who have sex with men and HIV-infected individuals.Sexuality: First Evidence That Anal Cancer Is Preventable - Read more

Cardiology: New Pathway Critical to Heart Arrhythmia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/10/2011] University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers have uncovered a previously unknown molecular pathway that is critical to understanding cardiac arrhythmia and other heart muscle problems. Understanding the basic science of heart and muscle function could open the door to new treatments.Cardiology: New Pathway Critical to Heart Arrhythmia - Read more

Diabetes: World’s Largest Study Targeting Foot Ulcers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/10/2011] What’s crucial for a diabetic’s foot sore to heal is that the ulcer is superficial, blood circulation is normal, and the person has had diabetes for short time. This is shown in the world’s largest diabetes study regarding foot ulcers, which have been carried out by the researcher Magdalena Annersten Gershater at Malmö University in Sweden.Diabetes: World’s Largest Study Targeting Foot Ulcers - Read more

Body Weight: Diet May Be Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/10/2011] Body weight in young adulthood and diet appeared to be associated with the risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. "The causes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are poorly understood, and unfortunately, we do not know very much about specific ways to prevent or lower the risk for this disease," said Doctor Kimberly Bertrand of the Harvard School of Public Health.Body Weight: Diet May Be Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - Read more

Tropical Medicine: “You must not underestimate the capability of these viruses“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/10/2011] Tropical diseases used to appear almost exclusively in remote countries – hence the name. The mosquito bite was annoying, but nevertheless harmless in European regions. But the flying pests keep spreading and spreading. And they carry tiny, but dangerous pathogens. Scientists now found out that these viruses are now settling down in Europe. They are called Sindbis, Batai or Usutu. Tropical Medicine: “You must not underestimate the capability of these viruses“ - Read more

New Method: Drug Tracked in Tissue

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/10/2011] When a new drug is developed, the manufacturer must be able to show that it reaches its intended goal in the body’s tissue, and only that goal. Such studies could be made easier with a new method now established at Lund University in Sweden.New Method: Drug Tracked in Tissue - Read more

Hygiene: One in Six Mobile Phones Is Contaminated with Faecal Bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/10/2011] One in six mobile phones in Britain is contaminated with faecal matter, according to new research released ahead of Global Handwashing Day. Experts say the most likely reason for the potentially harmful bacteria festering on so many gadgets is people failing to wash their hands properly with soap after going to the toilet.Hygiene: One in Six Mobile Phones Is Contaminated with Faecal Bacteria - Read more

Breastfeeding: Reducing Risk of Suffering Allergy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/10/2011] Today, about one in four European children suffer from allergy, which makes this disease the non-infectious epidemic of the 21st century. Evidence suggests that lifestyle factors and nutritional patterns, such as breastfeeding, help to reduce the early symptoms of allergy.Breastfeeding: Reducing Risk of Suffering Allergy - Read more

New Study: Falls Prevention in Parkinson's Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/10/2011] A study carried out by the Primary Care Research Group at the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and NIHR PenCLAHRC, has analysed the results of an exercise programme to prevent falls in those with Parkinson's disease.New Study: Falls Prevention in Parkinson's Disease - Read more

Canadians': Skin Colour Matters When it Comes to Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/10/2011] A new University of British Columbia study finds that Black Canadians with darker skin are more likely to report poorer health than Black Canadians with lighter skin. The study also suggests that a mismatched racial identity can negatively affect health.Canadians': Skin Colour Matters When it Comes to Health - Read more

Restless Legs Syndrome: Raising High Blood Pressure Risk?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/10/2011] If you're a middle-aged woman with Restless Legs Syndrome, you may have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure.Restless Legs Syndrome: Raising High Blood Pressure Risk? - Read more

Heart Defects: Heart Test Saves Lives of Newborns

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/10/2011] The United States Secretary of Health recently supported a recommendation that all babies born in the US are to be screened for critical heart defects, before leaving hospital. Behind this decision is a study from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden which shows that a simple test can save the lives of newborns with these heart defects.Heart Defects: Heart Test Saves Lives of Newborns - Read more

Wake-Sleep Patterns: Lack of Sleep Affects Brain Synapses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2011] An ongoing lack of sleep during adolescence could lead to more than dragging, foggy teens, a University of Wisconsin-Madison study suggests. Researchers have found that short-term sleep restriction in adolescent mice prevented the balanced growth and depletion of brain synapses, connections between nerve cells where communication occurs.Wake-Sleep Patterns: Lack of Sleep Affects Brain Synapses - Read more

Maternal Mortality: “Every mother who dies due to pregnancy or giving birth is one too many”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2011] Celebrities like Victoria Beckham and Heidi Klum show us how it’s done: Pregnancy and birth are celebrated like a lifestyle event. Pregnancy while working 60 hours a week? No problem. Return directly after birth lithe and lissom to work? Not only for models a must.Maternal Mortality: “Every mother who dies due to pregnancy or giving birth is one too many” - Read more

Stroke: Innovative Technology Improves Care and Reduces Costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/10/2011] The use of long-distance video and data hook-ups to link remote community hospitals with stroke neurologists in large centres provides the same level of care as having everyone in the same room, according to a new study of Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada.Stroke: Innovative Technology Improves Care and Reduces Costs - Read more

Down Syndrome: New Findings Validate the Accuracy of Autism Diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/10/2011] New findings from a 16-year study confirm that the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the gold-standard for the classification of mental health conditions, can be used to accurately identify autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children with Down syndrome, according to research from Kennedy Krieger Institute.Down Syndrome: New Findings Validate the Accuracy of Autism Diagnosis - Read more

Soldiers: A Shot of Cortisone Stops Traumatic Stress

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/10/2011] As soldiers return home from tours in Afghanistan and Iraq, America must cope with the toll that war takes on mental health. But the treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is becoming increasingly expensive, and promises to escalate as yet another generation of veterans tries to heal its psychological wounds.Soldiers: A Shot of Cortisone Stops Traumatic Stress - Read more

Blood Vessel: Circadian Clock May Impact Organ Transplant Success

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/10/2011] Health care providers assess blood and tissue type as well as organ size and health to enhance transplant success. New research indicates that checklist might also need to include the circadian clock.Blood Vessel: Circadian Clock May Impact Organ Transplant Success - Read more

Toxicology: Single Dose of Hallucinogen May Create Lasting Personality Change

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/09/2011] A single high dose of the hallucinogen psilocybin, the active ingredient in so-called "magic mushrooms," was enough to bring about a measureable personality change lasting at least a year in nearly 60 per cent of the 51 participants in a new study, according to the Johns Hopkins researchers who conducted it.Toxicology: Single Dose of Hallucinogen May Create Lasting Personality Change - Read more

Epidemiology: Tracing an Elusive Killer Parasite in Peru

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/09/2011] Doctor Michael Levy of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, along with other collaborators from Penn and Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia in Peru, are in the trenches combining tried-and-true epidemiological approaches with new statistical methods to learn more about the course of a dangerous, contagious disease epidemic. Epidemiology: Tracing an Elusive Killer Parasite in Peru - Read more

Children: Prescribed Stimulant Use for ADHD Continues to Rise Steadily

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/09/2011] The prescribed use of stimulant medications to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rose slowly but steadily from 1996 to 2008, according to a study conducted by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).Children: Prescribed Stimulant Use for ADHD Continues to Rise Steadily - Read more

Humans: Why Carbon Nanotubes Spell Trouble for Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/09/2011] It's been long known that asbestos spells trouble for human cells. But scientists had been unable to understand why cells would be interested in asbestos fibers and other materials at the nanoscale that are too long to be fully ingested. Now a group of researchers at Brown University explains what happens. Humans: Why Carbon Nanotubes Spell Trouble for Cells - Read more

Health Prevention: “It is an investment in our economic development“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/09/2011] Prevention is the best medicine, according to the proverb. To internalise this wisdom into as many people as possible is the most important goal of the health prevention. With a view to rising illnesses such as diabetes, mental disorders or adiposity, it is becoming more and more important. Health Prevention: “It is an investment in our economic development“ - Read more

Alcohol: People Born After World War II Are More Likely to Binge Drink

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/09/2011] Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health looked generational and gender differences in alcohol consumption, alcohol disorders, and mortality. Findings indicate that people born after World War II are more likely to binge drink and develop alcohol use disorders.Alcohol: People Born After World War II Are More Likely to Binge Drink - Read more

Cells: Separating a Cancer Prevention Drug from Heart Disease Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/09/2011] Several clinical studies have shown that taking the anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib can reduce the risk of developing polyps that lead to colon cancers, at the cost of increasing the risk of heart disease. Researchers at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University have identified a way that celecoxib pushes cancer cells into suicide, separately from its known effects.Cells: Separating a Cancer Prevention Drug from Heart Disease Risk - Read more

Kidney Patients: Hormone That Predicts Premature Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/09/2011] Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have found that high levels of a specific hormone can predict which kidney patients will develop heart problems, require dialysis or die prematurely.Kidney Patients: Hormone That Predicts Premature Death - Read more

Radiation Sickness: "There is no specific treatment"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/09/2011] Many years ago in Chernobyl, now Fukushima (Japan) - when it comes to nuclear accidents, human lives are in danger. Not only in the moment of the accident, but for many years later. Because the disease-causing rays have a life-long effect on our health and can be the cause of cancer even in the following generation.Radiation Sickness: "There is no specific treatment" - Read more

EurSafety Health-net: "You can learn a lot in many different areas from each other"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2011] To be able to fight resistant hospital bacteria effectively and for the long term, it is getting more and more important to collaborate throughout Europe and internationally with different stakeholders of medical facilities. Now one European project is making this its primary goal. The German-Dutch collaboration is meant to strengthen patient safety and protection against infections.EurSafety Health-net: "You can learn a lot in many different areas from each other" - Read more

Global Study in 17 Countries: Huge Gaps in Use of Simple, Cheap and Proven Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2011] A global study in 17 countries led by McMaster University researchers has found too few patients are using drugs proven to give significant benefits in warding off a heart attack or stroke.Global Study in 17 Countries: Huge Gaps in Use of Simple, Cheap and Proven Drugs - Read more

Attack of the microorganisms: Medical Science and Technology against hospital-acquired Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2011] Time and again it sweeps through the media and we hear of serious diseases, like for instance MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), which attack patients in hospitals. Needless to say these diseases happen, but they have long ago come to the forefront of hygiene experts, who fight with a vengeance to prevent essentially “man-made” infections in clinics and hospital facilities.Attack of the microorganisms: Medical Science and Technology against hospital-acquired Infections - Read more

It's Official: Chocolate Linked to Heart Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/08/2011] High levels of chocolate consumption might be associated with a one-third reduction in the risk of developing heart disease, finds a study published on bmj.com. It's Official: Chocolate Linked to Heart Health - Read more

Poloxamer Gel: Sutureless Method for Joining Blood Vessels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/08/2011] Reconnecting severed blood vessels is mostly done the same way today — with sutures — as it was 100 years ago, when the French surgeon Alexis Carrel won a Nobel Prize for advancing the technique. Now, a team of researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine has developed a sutureless method that appears to be a faster, safer and easier alternative.Poloxamer Gel: Sutureless Method for Joining Blood Vessels - Read more

Therapies: Why HIV Infection Rates Are On the Rise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/08/2011] A new study in Israel reveals that the number of new HIV cases diagnosed each year in the last decade saw a startling increase of almost 500 percent compared to the previous decade, and similar trends have been reported in a number of other developed nations, including the U.S. Therapies: Why HIV Infection Rates Are On the Rise - Read more

Personalised Cancer Therapies: "Currently things progress in major steps"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2011] The goal of personalised medicine is to be able to provide an individual disease forecast and to implement an accurate and fast treatment. Today new genetic and molecular findings, as well as the analysis of individual patient characteristics, already make first conclusions on the individual course of disease possible. Personalised Cancer Therapies: "Currently things progress in major steps" - Read more

Study: New Risk Score Spots Patients at High Risk of Serious Blood Clots

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/08/2011] A new risk prediction tool can identify patients at high risk of serious blood clots who might need preventative treatment. The tool is based on simple variables which the patient is likely to know and could be easily integrated into GP computer systems to risk assess patients prior to hospital admission, long haul flights, or starting medications that carry an increased clotting risk.Study: New Risk Score Spots Patients at High Risk of Serious Blood Clots - Read more

Cell Behaviour: Salmonella Stays Deadly with a 'Beta' Version

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/08/2011] Scientists say that these bacteria have modified what has long been considered typical cell behavior by using a beta form of an amino acid – as opposed to an alpha form – during the act of making proteins.Cell Behaviour: Salmonella Stays Deadly with a 'Beta' Version - Read more

Warning Signs: Predict Kidney Injury After Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/08/2011] Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common – but preventable complication after surgery that can lead to other complications or even death. The use and development of biomarkers will help physicians diagnose and treat acute kidney injury. Three protein measurements indicate who has a high risk of developing kidney injury after heart surgery, according to two studies.Warning Signs: Predict Kidney Injury After Surgery - Read more

Dementia: An underestimated problem

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2011] Dementia is a disorder caused by malfunctions in brain performance, from which in Germany alone approximately 1.2 million people are suffering from. Since dementia mostly appears in the third phase in one’s life and the number of affected people is increasing constantly, all industrial nations are facing entirely new challenges.Dementia: An underestimated problem - Read more

Too High: Fructose Increases Risk Factors for Heart Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/07/2011] A recent study found that adults who consumed high fructose corn syrup for two weeks as 25 percent of their daily calorie requirement had increased blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, which have been shown to be indicators of increased risk for heart disease.Too High: Fructose Increases Risk Factors for Heart Disease - Read more

Hepatitis C: Unprotected Sex Between HIV-Infected Men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/07/2011] Sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus, HCV, is considered rare. But a new study by researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, provides substantial evidence that men with HIV who have sex with other men, MSM, are at increased risk for contracting HCV through sex.Hepatitis C: Unprotected Sex Between HIV-Infected Men - Read more

Hearing Loss: Another Danger of Secondhand Smoke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2011] NYU School of Medicine researchers report in a new study that exposure to tobacco smoke nearly doubles the risk of hearing loss among adolescents. Hearing Loss: Another Danger of Secondhand Smoke - Read more

Mosquitoes: Making Blood-Sucking Deadly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2011] Mosquitoes die soon after a blood meal if certain protein components are experimentally disrupted, a team of biochemists at the University of Arizona has discovered.Mosquitoes: Making Blood-Sucking Deadly - Read more

Premature Infants: Brain Ultrasounds Indicate Risk of Psychiatric Disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/07/2011] Infants born prematurely are at risk for injuries to the white and gray matter of the brain that affect cortical development and neural connectivity. Certain forms of these injuries can be detected in the neonatal period using ultrasound, according to Columbia University Medical Center researchers.Premature Infants: Brain Ultrasounds Indicate Risk of Psychiatric Disorders - Read more

Study in Africa: HIV Medications Prevent HIV Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/07/2011] An international study led by the University of Washington's International Clinical Research Center has demonstrated that individuals at high risk for HIV infection who took a daily tablet containing an HIV medication experienced significantly fewer HIV infections than those who received a placebo pill. Study in Africa: HIV Medications Prevent HIV Infection - Read more

Discovery: DNA Regions Influencing Prostate Cancer Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/07/2011] Scientists of the German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ) are taking part in an international research consortium studying the genetic risks for prostate cancer. The researchers have discovered seven DNA regions for which an association with an increased prostate cancer risk has now been established for the first time.Discovery: DNA Regions Influencing Prostate Cancer Risk - Read more

Global Epidemics: “There is a worldwide advance”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2011] Despite continuing technological and pharmacological advances, physicians are still faced with several medical mysteries. Oftentimes however there is no time to intensely devote to the research for innovative possible solutions of modern diseases. Global Epidemics: “There is a worldwide advance” - Read more

New Strategies: Helping Preterm Babies Get the Best Start

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/06/2011] Babies born prematurely could be at greater risk of developing kidney diseases later in life according to a landmark study investigating the impacts of preterm birth on kidney development.New Strategies: Helping Preterm Babies Get the Best Start - Read more

Endocarditis: How Cavity-causing Microbes Invade Heart

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/06/2011] Scientists have discovered the tool that bacteria normally found in our mouths use to invade heart tissue, causing a dangerous and sometimes lethal infection of the heart known as endocarditis. Endocarditis: How Cavity-causing Microbes Invade Heart - Read more

The Biggest Killer: Heart Disease Beats Breast Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/06/2011] New research has found that two thirds of women with breast cancer died from other causes and that over the length of the study cardiovascular disease was the leading cause of death.The Biggest Killer: Heart Disease Beats Breast Cancer - Read more

New Results: BPA Accumulates More Rapidly Within The Body Than Thought

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/06/2011] A new University of Missouri study shows that the exposure to the controversial chemical Bisphenol A (BPA) through diet has been underestimated by previous lab tests. New Results: BPA Accumulates More Rapidly Within The Body Than Thought - Read more

Stress: No Major Risk Factor for Developing Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/06/2011] Stressful life events have shown to increase the risk of MS episodes. But: Do these stressors actually lead to developing the disease itself? A new study found that severe stress at home did not increase the risk of developing MS.Stress: No Major Risk Factor for Developing Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Read more

Gestational Diabetes: Weight Gain Between First and Second Pregnancies Increases Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/06/2011] Compared with women whose weight remained stable, body mass index gains between the first and second pregnancy were associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in the second pregnancy. But losing weight between the first and second pregnancies appeared to reduce GDM risk in a second pregnancy, particularly for women who were overweight or obese to begin with.Gestational Diabetes: Weight Gain Between First and Second Pregnancies Increases Risk - Read more

Abuse: Heredity Behind Subjective Effects of Alcohol

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/05/2011] Scientists have long known that people who have a close relative with alcohol problems themselves run an increased risk of starting to abuse alcohol. The reason for this has not been known, but a study from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, provides part of the answer. The study shows that people who have a close relative who is an alcoholic react more positively to alcohol than other people.Abuse: Heredity Behind Subjective Effects of Alcohol - Read more

New Way: Breast Cancer Cells Adapt to Environmental Stress

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/05/2011] An international research team has discovered a new aspect of “metabolic transformation”, the process whereby tumour cells adapt and survive under conditions that would kill normal cells.New Way: Breast Cancer Cells Adapt to Environmental Stress - Read more

"Bad" Cholestero: LDL Not as Bad as People Think

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/05/2011] The so-called “bad cholesterol”– low-density lipoprotein commonly called LDL – may not be so bad after all, shows a Texas A&M University study that casts new light on the cholesterol debate, particularly among adults who exercise."Bad" Cholestero: LDL Not as Bad as People Think - Read more

Dyshidrosis: “A diagnosis and classification is still difficult“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/05/2011] Multifaceted clinical patterns hide behind skin blistering. The different types of skin rashes can be caused by infections, allergies as well as internal diseases and are often beyond a reliable diagnosis. Dyshidrosis: “A diagnosis and classification is still difficult“ - Read more

Children With Inherited Disorder: Immunisation Not Linked to Increased Hospitalisation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/04/2011] Children with inborn errors of metabolism received vaccines on the same immunization schedule as did healthy infants, according to Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center scientists. In addition, immunization was not associated with significant increases in emergency room visits or hospitalizations during the month following vaccination, according to Doctor Nicola Klein, lead author of the study. Children With Inherited Disorder: Immunisation Not Linked to Increased Hospitalisation - Read more

Hypertension: Decreasing Blood Pressure During Exercise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/04/2011] UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified one reason people with hypertension experience an even greater increase in their blood pressure when they exercise, and they’ve learned how to prevent the rise.Hypertension: Decreasing Blood Pressure During Exercise - Read more

Fetuses: Why some children are harmed by mother's alcohol, but others aren't

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/04/2011] Exposure to alcohol in the womb doesn't affect all fetuses equally. Why does one woman who drinks alcohol during pregnancy give birth to a child with physical, behavioural or learning problems - known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder - while another woman who also drinks has a child without these problems?Fetuses: Why some children are harmed by mother's alcohol, but others aren't - Read more

Countryside: Prevention Is Better Than Cure for Zoonotic Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/03/2011] The risk of contracting zoonotic diseases that pass from animals to humans appears to be on the increase in the UK, but encouraging countryside users to take simple precautions to protect themselves is the best response, according to research undertaken by the UK research councils’ Rural Economy and Land Use Programme.Countryside: Prevention Is Better Than Cure for Zoonotic Diseases - Read more

Frequent CT Scanning: Testicular Cancer Surveillance Associated With Secondary Malignancies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/03/2011] Cancer researchers have found that older men with early-stage testicular cancer who opt for surveillance with regular CT scans over lymph node removal are at greater risk for secondary cancers. The findings indicate that physicians should consider the risk of new cancers with surveillance when discussing treatment options with their patients. Frequent CT Scanning: Testicular Cancer Surveillance Associated With Secondary Malignancies - Read more

Elderly Men: Unnecessary PSA Screenings

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/03/2011] A new study on the use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based prostate cancer screening in the United States found that many elderly men may be undergoing unnecessary prostate cancer screenings. Elderly Men: Unnecessary PSA Screenings - Read more

Infant Hearing Loss: Early Detection and Intervention Key to Rehabilitation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/03/2011] Early intervention and close follow-up are key to rehabilitating hearing loss in children, says Doctor Paul R. Kileny, director of the University of Michigan’s Audiology and Electrophysiology program.Infant Hearing Loss: Early Detection and Intervention Key to Rehabilitation - Read more

Reducing Risks: Outcomes Improved by Longer Delays Between Heart Attacks and Elective Surgeries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/03/2011] Before undergoing elective surgery, patients should consider waiting longer after a heart attack than is currently recommended.Reducing Risks: Outcomes Improved by Longer Delays Between Heart Attacks and Elective Surgeries - Read more

Trauma Patients: Protection From Worse Outcomes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/03/2011] Patients who've been hurt in car or bike crashes, been shot or stabbed, or suffered other injuries are more likely to live if they arrive at the hospital on the weekend than during the week, according to new University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.Trauma Patients: Protection From Worse Outcomes - Read more

Metabolite Levels: May Be able to Improve Diabetes Risk Prediction

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/03/2011] Type 2 diabetes: In a report receiving a team led by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers describes finding that levels of five amino acids not only indicated increased diabetes risk in a general population but also could differentiate, among individuals with traditional risk factors such as obesity, those most likely to actually develop diabetes. Metabolite Levels: May Be able to Improve Diabetes Risk Prediction - Read more

'Pre-Baby Blues': Due to Lack of Support From Partner

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/03/2011] Pregnancy is meant to be a joyous time however some women experience overwhelming 'baby blues' before the birth of their child. Anxiety and depression during pregnancy can result in premature birth, or low birth weight, and impact the child's health into early school years. New research shows that a bad relationship is the strongest predictor of maternal emotional distress.'Pre-Baby Blues': Due to Lack of Support From Partner - Read more

Blood Test: Detecting Early Emphysema in Smokers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/03/2011] During a regular annual physical exam, blood is usually drawn to check the health of a person's heart, kidneys and liver. Now, say a blood test that detects the early development of emphysema -- well before symptoms occur -- may someday also be offered.Blood Test: Detecting Early Emphysema in Smokers - Read more

Awareness: “The risk varies depending on the research“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/03/2011] As a patient about to go under general anesthesia for surgery, you are understandably nervous. Although complications in anesthetics have become rare, patients still fear two things in particular – to not wake up again after the surgery or to wake up during the surgery, respectively. The latter phenomenon is called awareness or also intra-operative awareness. Awareness: “The risk varies depending on the research“ - Read more

Discovery: Genetic Switch Increases Muscle Blood Supply

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/03/2011] Many people suffer from a devastating condition known as critical limb ischemia (CLI) that can lead to muscle wasting and even amputation. The disease is linked to the blockage of blood flow to the skeletal muscle and current treatment options include rehabilitative exercise and surgical bypass of blood vessels. Discovery: Genetic Switch Increases Muscle Blood Supply - Read more

Complication by Medication Reactions: Tanning Bed Exposure Can Be Deadly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/03/2011] Tanning bed exposure can produce more than some tanners may bargain for, especially when they self-diagnose and use the radiation to treat skin eruptions, according to research conducted by the Indiana University School of Medicine Department of Dermatology. Complication by Medication Reactions: Tanning Bed Exposure Can Be Deadly - Read more

Emergency: Detection systems for senior citizens

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/03/2011] Ms. K. is vision-impaired and cannot get around very well any more. Still, the 80-year-old, who lives alone, has no intention whatsoever of moving to a retirement home. Most elderly people think the same way. Emergency: Detection systems for senior citizens - Read more

Simple Spit and Blood Tests: Detect Burnout Before It Happens

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/02/2011] Your blood and the level of a hormone in your spit could reveal if you're on the point of burnout, according to research undertaken at the Centre for Studies on Human Stress of Louis-H. Lafontaine Hospital and the University of Montreal.Simple Spit and Blood Tests: Detect Burnout Before It Happens - Read more

Teens and Young Adults: Home Test Kits for Sexually Transmitted Infections Proves Effective

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/02/2011] Infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins say new research clearly shows that screening teens and young adults for sexually transmitted infections may best be achieved by making free, confidential home-kit testing available over the Internet. From a public health standpoint, the project is a clear winner, the experts say.Teens and Young Adults: Home Test Kits for Sexually Transmitted Infections Proves Effective - Read more

Fetal Surgery: Huge Step Forward in Treating Children with Spina Bifida

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/02/2011] Performing delicate surgery in the womb, months before birth, can substantially improve outcomes for children with a common, disabling birth defect of the spine.Fetal Surgery: Huge Step Forward in Treating Children with Spina Bifida - Read more

Preservation: Fluorescent Peptides Help Nerves Glow in Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/02/2011] Accidental damage to thin or buried nerves during surgery can have severe consequences, from chronic pain to permanent paralysis. Scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine may have found a remedy: injectable fluorescent peptides that cause hard-to-see peripheral nerves to glow, alerting surgeons to their location even before the nerves are encountered.Preservation: Fluorescent Peptides Help Nerves Glow in Surgery - Read more

Statistic: Lifetime Risk of Adult Rheumatoid Arthritis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2011] Researchers have determined the lifetime risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis and six other autoimmune rheumatic diseases for both men and women. Statistic: Lifetime Risk of Adult Rheumatoid Arthritis - Read more

Sjögren’s Syndrome: “It Is Not Very Well Known”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2011] A dry mouth, the feeling of sand in the eyes, fatigue - almost everyone has had one of these symptoms before. But even if all symptoms occur together, almost no one thinks of the possibility that a disease with the awkward name Sjögren's Syndrome could be behind it. Sjögren’s Syndrome: “It Is Not Very Well Known” - Read more

Injection Drug Users: Little Decline in Hepatitis C Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/01/2011] A recent 20-year study of injection drug users (IDUs) in Baltimore found a significant decline in new cases of HIV infection but only a slight decline in new cases of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Injection Drug Users: Little Decline in Hepatitis C Infections - Read more

Mechanism Revealed: Protein Related to Aging Holds Breast Cancer Clues

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/01/2011] The most common type of breast cancer in older women — estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER/PR) positive breast cancer — has been linked to a protein that fends off aging-related cellular damage.Mechanism Revealed: Protein Related to Aging Holds Breast Cancer Clues - Read more

Early Antibiotic Use: Increased Risk of Childhood Asthma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/01/2011] When babies are given antibiotics, their risk of developing asthma by age 6 may increase by 50 percent. Early Antibiotic Use: Increased Risk of Childhood Asthma - Read more

Culprit Found: Increased Stroke Injury with Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/01/2011] Strokes are a leading cause of mortality and adult disability. Those that involve intracerebral hemorrhage are especially deadly, and there are no effective treatments to control such bleeding. Culprit Found: Increased Stroke Injury with Diabetes - Read more

Research: Germ Reducing Implants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/01/2011] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research develop materials that will reduce the risk of inflammations after operations or in wounds. To this end, the scientists work in cooperation with nine other research centers and industrial partners in the EMBEK1 project. The project is designed for three years and is funded with 2.8 Million Euro by the European Union.Research: Germ Reducing Implants - Read more

Prostate Cancer: Exercise May Lower Risk of Death for Men

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/01/2011] A new study finds that physical activity is associated with a lower risk of overall mortality and of death due to prostate cancer. Researchers also found that men who did more vigorous activity had the lowest risk of dying from the disease.Prostate Cancer: Exercise May Lower Risk of Death for Men - Read more

Colon Cancer: Consistent Exercise Associated with lower Risk of Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/01/2011] Consistent exercise is associated with a lower risk of dying from colon cancer, according to a new study led by researchers. The study is among the first to show that physical activity can make the disease less deadly.Colon Cancer: Consistent Exercise Associated with lower Risk of Death - Read more

A Journey into Adventure: A ship’s surgeon in the 17th century

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/01/2011] Discovering foreign countries, getting to know new civilizations. What’s possible for many today, in the 17th century was an adventure few dared to embark on. Back then, moving from one continent to another was only possible by ship. But journeys that often lasted many months were often also very perilous – and generally no trained physicians were on board the ship. A Journey into Adventure: A ship’s surgeon in the 17th century - Read more

Pregnancy: Perinatal Bisphenol-A Exposure May Affect Fertility

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/12/2010] Exposure to a ubiquitous environmental chemical during pregnancy may impair reproductive capacity of female offspring, according to a study. Pregnancy: Perinatal Bisphenol-A Exposure May Affect Fertility - Read more

Sleep Medicine: Loud Snoring And Insomnia Symptoms Predict Metabolic Syndrome

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/12/2010] Study provides the first prospective evidence to support a directional link between common sleep complaints and incident metabolic syndromeSleep Medicine: Loud Snoring And Insomnia Symptoms Predict Metabolic Syndrome - Read more

Cortisol: Biological Changes in Suicidal Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2010] Depressed and suicidal individuals have low levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their blood and saliva. They also have substances in their spinal fluid that suggest there is increased inflammation in the brain. These findings could help to develop new methods for diagnosing and treating suicidal patients.Cortisol: Biological Changes in Suicidal Patients - Read more

Belly Fat: Women At Risk for Osteoporosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/11/2010] For years, it was believed that obese women were at lower risk for developing osteoporosis, and that excess body fat actually protected against bone loss. However, a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) found that having too much internal abdominal fat may, in fact, have a damaging effect on bone health.Belly Fat: Women At Risk for Osteoporosis - Read more

Under Suspicion: Painkiller Could Increase Suicidal Ideation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/11/2010] The active agent ziconotide, the synthetic toxin of the cone snail (Conus magus), was acclaimed a safe alternative to morphine when it was introduced six years ago. Now it is increasingly suspected of causing patients to commit suicide. Under Suspicion: Painkiller Could Increase Suicidal Ideation - Read more

Study: Poor Sleep Quality Increases Inflammation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/11/2010] People who sleep poorly or do not get enough sleep have higher levels of inflammation, a risk factor for heart disease and stroke, researchers have found.Study: Poor Sleep Quality Increases Inflammation - Read more

MRSA: First Battle Won With Antibodies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/11/2010] Bacteria that are resistant to antibodies pose a threat, particularly to people who are sick or feeble. In the search for new drugs, scientists from the University of Würzburg have made a breakthrough.MRSA: First Battle Won With Antibodies - Read more

Psychological Problems in Children: Linked to Screen Time?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/10/2010] Children who spend longer than two hours in front of a computer or television screen are more likely to suffer psychological difficulties, regardless of how physically active they are.Psychological Problems in Children: Linked to Screen Time? - Read more

Neurological Disorders: Effective Methods for Detecting Early Signs of Tremor

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/10/2010] Sensitive new quantitive methods could be used to detect small signs of increased tremor and impaired motor skills caused by exposure to certain metals, and to follow up the treatment of neurological disorders, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Neurological Disorders: Effective Methods for Detecting Early Signs of Tremor - Read more

Daycare: Children With Lung Disease at Risk for Serious Illness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2010] Exposure to common viruses in daycare puts children with a chronic lung condition caused by premature birth at risk for serious respiratory infections, according to a study from Johns Hopkins Children's Center. Daycare: Children With Lung Disease at Risk for Serious Illness - Read more

Study: Smoking During Pregnancy May Harm the Child's Coordination

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/09/2010] Women who smoke during pregnancy run the risk of adversely affecting their children's coordination and physical control according to a new study from Örebro University, Sweden.Study: Smoking During Pregnancy May Harm the Child's Coordination - Read more

Stroke: Study Publicizes New Measure to Prevent Blood Clots

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/09/2010] Treating hospital patients with thigh-length surgical stockings can reduce life threatening blood clots, a new study suggests. The CLOTS study from the University of Edinburgh highlights that the clot rate in stroke patients was higher among those fitted with the shorter stockings than for those with longer stockings.Stroke: Study Publicizes New Measure to Prevent Blood Clots - Read more

Nearsightedness: Gene Discovery Could Yield Treatments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/09/2010] Scientists at Duke University Medical Center, in conjunction with several other groups, have uncovered a gene associated with myopia (nearsightedness) in Caucasian people from several different regions, including Dutch, British and Australian subjects. Nearsightedness: Gene Discovery Could Yield Treatments - Read more

High Stress Hormone: More Cardiovascular Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/09/2010] Study suggests high cortisol levels may be harmful to cardiovascular system.High Stress Hormone: More Cardiovascular Mortality - Read more

Medication for Insomnia or Anxiety: Increasing Mortality Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/09/2010] Taking medications to treat insomnia and anxiety increases mortality risk by 36 per cent, according to a study conducted by the School of Psychology at Université Laval. Medication for Insomnia or Anxiety: Increasing Mortality Risk - Read more

Shoulder Problems: Physiotherapy After Surgery Is The Best Solution

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/08/2010] Most patients who receive physiotherapy after surgery experience that pain is reduced by a half within a few months. Most of them are free of pain after one to two years. This is the conclusion of a thesis presented at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Shoulder Problems: Physiotherapy After Surgery Is The Best Solution - Read more

Cigarette: Smoke Causes Changes In the Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/08/2010] Casual smokers may think that smoking a few cigarettes a week is "no big deal." But according to new research from physician-scientists at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, having an infrequent smoke, or being exposed to secondhand smoke, may be doing more harm than people may think. Cigarette: Smoke Causes Changes In the Lungs - Read more

Patients: Dysphagia Found to Increase Length of Hospital Stay And Mortality Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/08/2010] Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that patients with dysphagia averaged a 40 percent longer hospital stay than patients without the condition. They also had a poorer prognosis. . Patients: Dysphagia Found to Increase Length of Hospital Stay And Mortality Risk - Read more

Premature Children: Mothers Run Risk of Suffering Stress Which May Affect Child Development

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/08/2010] The incidence of premature babies has been stable or even increased over time. The phenomenon brings with it the possibility of neurological, sensorial, cognitive or psychomotor consequences for the child. Premature Children: Mothers Run Risk of Suffering Stress Which May Affect Child Development - Read more

Summer: Beach Umbrellas Do Not Block Out All Solar Radiation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/07/2010] A team of researchers from the University of Valencia has proven that 34 percent of ultraviolet radiation filters through under beach umbrellas. Summer: Beach Umbrellas Do Not Block Out All Solar Radiation - Read more

Parkinson’s Medication: New Findings on Troubling Side Effects

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/07/2010] One in every 100 elderly people suffers from Parkinson’s disease. The standard medication used to treat Parkinson’s is Levodopa, a drug that initially has major benefits but can later also produce serious side effects. Parkinson’s Medication: New Findings on Troubling Side Effects - Read more

Wood Smoke: Increase Risk of COPD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/07/2010] Smokers who are exposed to wood smoke, either through home heating and cooking or through ambient neighborhood pollution, are not only at increased risk of COPD, but are also more likely to have epigenetic changes in the DNA that further increase their risk of COPD and related pulmonary problems. Wood Smoke: Increase Risk of COPD - Read more

Chronic Leukemia: Successful Using Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/07/2010] The transplantation of stem cellsf (allogeneic) offers the chance of cure for patients with an aggressive form of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), irrespective of genetic prognostic factors. The German CLL Study Group proved this in a multicentric clinical phase II study. Chronic Leukemia: Successful Using Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplation - Read more

Intensively Lowering Glucose: Possible Benefits Must Be Weighed Against Risks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/06/2010] In an analysis from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial, results show that the benefits of intensive therapy need to be balanced against the increase in total and cardiovascular disease-related death, increased weight gain, and high risk for severe low blood sugar. Intensively Lowering Glucose: Possible Benefits Must Be Weighed Against Risks - Read more

Male Desire: Preventing Suicides

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/06/2010] Masculine ideals of strength coupled with strong family ties can help men combat depression and overcome thoughts of suicide. Male Desire: Preventing Suicides - Read more

Health: Drinking Coffee May Reduce Diabetes Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/06/2010] Scientists are reporting new evidence that drinking coffee may help prevent diabetes and that caffeine may be the ingredient largely responsible for this effect. Health: Drinking Coffee May Reduce Diabetes Risk - Read more

Strokes: Decreasing Among Whites, But Not Blacks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/05/2010] Tracking 1.3 million people in the USA, researchers found that stroke incidence fell significantly in whites between 1999 and 2005, but not among blacks.Strokes: Decreasing Among Whites, But Not Blacks - Read more

Pain: Traits Associated with Drug Disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/05/2010] Researchers have identified clinical characteristics associated with prescription drug use disorder (PDUD) in primary care patients with chronic pain.Pain: Traits Associated with Drug Disorders - Read more

Cardiovascular Disease: Dramatic Increase in China by 2030

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/05/2010] Annual heart disease and stroke rates in China will rise by up to 73 percent by 2030, given an aging population and other increased risk factors, according to research.Cardiovascular Disease: Dramatic Increase in China by 2030 - Read more

Seniors: Intentional Weight Loss Is Not Harmful

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/05/2010] A new study refutes the widely held belief that intentional weight loss in older adults leads to increased risk of death.Seniors: Intentional Weight Loss Is Not Harmful - Read more

Legs: Unequal Length Tied to Osteoarthritis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/05/2010] A new study shows that arthritis in the knee is linked to the common trait of having one leg that is longer than the other.Legs: Unequal Length Tied to Osteoarthritis - Read more

Medical Care: Children's Health Suffers Due to Bills

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/05/2010] When the high cost of health care forces families to forgo paying for basic household expenses, such as rent, utilities or food, children's health suffers, according to new research.Medical Care: Children's Health Suffers Due to Bills - Read more

Heart: Cortisol Levels Influence Death Rate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/04/2010] High blood cortisol levels significantly increases death rate in patients with acute coronary syndrome, researchers have found.Heart: Cortisol Levels Influence Death Rate - Read more

Screening: Calculating Prostate Cancer Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/04/2010] Researchers found: The more of a man's direct relatives are affected, the higher is his personal risk to develop prostate cancer himself. The personal risk is the higher the younger affected relatives were at the time of diagnosis.Screening: Calculating Prostate Cancer Risk - Read more

Opioids: Little Addiction Risk if Rightly Taken

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/04/2010] Many hesitate to take opioids for fear of addiction. A new review finds that taking opioids long term is associated with clinically significant pain relief in some patients with a very small risk of addition. Opioids: Little Addiction Risk if Rightly Taken - Read more

Diagnose: Kidney Disease Hides in Diabetes Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/03/2010] Millions of Americans may have chronic kidney disease (CKD) and not know it, according to a new study.Diagnose: Kidney Disease Hides in Diabetes Patients - Read more

Shift Workers: Higher Risk for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/03/2010] Nurses participating in shift work face a significantly increased risk of developing Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and abdominal pain compared to those working a standard day-time schedule, according to new research.Shift Workers: Higher Risk for Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Read more

Transplantation: Donating Kidney No Long-Term Health Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/03/2010] An analysis of outcomes for live kidney donors in the U.S. over a 15 year period finds they have similar long-term survival rates compared to healthy individuals who were not kidney donors.Transplantation: Donating Kidney No Long-Term Health Risk - Read more

Heart: Obese Toddlers Show Warning Signs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/03/2010] A new study found that obese children as young as three years old have elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation that in adults is considered an early warning sign for possible future heart disease.Heart: Obese Toddlers Show Warning Signs - Read more

Breast Cancer: Radiation Should Start Soon After Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/03/2010] Delaying post-surgical radiation increases risk of breast cancer recurrence in older women, scientists report.Breast Cancer: Radiation Should Start Soon After Surgery - Read more

Attending Physicians: “Learning Early on that Everybody Makes Mistakes”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

“Learning Early on that Everybody Makes Mistakes” [01/03/2010] “A man, who has made a mistake and doesn't correct it, just made another mistake.” This quote from Confucius also applies to doctors, since only being open-minded and dealing with mistakes prevents them. Matthias Schrappe is the Director of the Institute for Patient Safety in Bonn – the first facility of its kind in Germany. MEDICA.de talked with him about forgotten swabs, students and pilots. Attending Physicians: “Learning Early on that Everybody Makes Mistakes” - Read more

Training: Reducing Stillbirths By Up to One Million?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/02/2010] New findings in a study show that training birth attendants in essential newborn-care techniques reduced stillbirths by more than 30 percent - and potentially could save as many as one million lives worldwide each year.Training: Reducing Stillbirths By Up to One Million? - Read more

Elderly: Untreated Poor Vision Linked to Dementia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/02/2010] Elderly people with visual disorders that are left untreated are significantly more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease - the most common form of dementia, according to a new study.Elderly: Untreated Poor Vision Linked to Dementia - Read more

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Differences Analysed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/02/2010] Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis have distinct demographic profiles, researchers found. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Differences Analysed - Read more

Pancreatic Cancer: Soft Drink Consumption May Increase Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/02/2010] Consuming two or more soft drinks per week increased the risk of developing pancreatic cancer by nearly twofold compared to individuals who did not consume soft drinks, according to a new report.Pancreatic Cancer: Soft Drink Consumption May Increase Risk - Read more

Surgeons: Injuries from Minimally Invasive Techniques

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/02/2010] Surgeons who engage in minimally invasive, laparoscopic surgery are providing great benefits to their patients, but possibly to their own detriment, found a new survey.Surgeons: Injuries from Minimally Invasive Techniques - Read more

Cesarean Section: Sutures Better Than Staples

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/02/2010] In a new study, researchers present findings that there were less complications for women, after having a cesarean delivery, if sutures were used instead of staples to close the wound.Cesarean Section: Sutures Better Than Staples - Read more

Stroke: Recent Immigrants May Have Lower Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/02/2010] New immigrants to North America may be less likely to have a stroke at a young age than long-time residents, according to a new study.Stroke: Recent Immigrants May Have Lower Risk - Read more

Knee Replacement: Most Patients Gain Weight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/02/2010] People who have had knee replacement surgery - finally able to walk and exercise without pain – do not lose weight but put on pounds, according to a new study.Knee Replacement: Most Patients Gain Weight - Read more

Children: Mixed-handed More Likely to Have Problems

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/01/2010] Children who are mixed-handed, or ambidextrous, are more likely to have mental health, language and scholastic problems in childhood than right- or left-handed children. Children: Mixed-handed More Likely to Have Problems - Read more

Cardiac Arrest: Chances of Surviving Unchanged in 30 Years

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/12/2009] The chance of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has not improved since the 1950s, according to a new report. Cardiac Arrest: Chances of Surviving Unchanged in 30 Years - Read more

Security: Intelligent Blood Bags

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/12/2009] Have the blood supplies got too warm? Do they match the patient’s blood group? In the future, these kinds of questions will be answered by intelligent radio nodes attached to blood bags. Security: Intelligent Blood Bags - Read more

Cell Phones: No Change in Brain Tumour Incidence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/12/2009] There was no substantial change in brain tumour incidence among adults five to ten years after cell phone usage sharply increased, according to a new brief communication. This does not mean, however, that there is no risk.Cell Phones: No Change in Brain Tumour Incidence - Read more

Cancer: Mortality Declines Unequally

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/12/2009] New figures on cancer in Europe show a steady decline in mortality but big variations, between countries and between men and women.Cancer: Mortality Declines Unequally - Read more

Medical Students: Stuck by Needles, yet Often Fail to Report

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/12/2009] Medical students are commonly stuck by needles — putting them at risk of contracting potentially dangerous blood-borne diseases. Many of them fail to report the injuries to hospital authorities, according to a new study.Medical Students: Stuck by Needles, yet Often Fail to Report - Read more

Webpage: Risk of Dying in US and Europe Compared

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/11/2009] A new web site, DeathriskRankings.com, allows users to explore differences in the probability of dying across European countries and U.S. states for men and women of different ages and races. Webpage: Risk of Dying in US and Europe Compared - Read more

Sports: Specialization Means Higher Risk of Injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/11/2009] Gifted young athletes are under increasing pressure to play only one sport year round. Yet a new study found: young tennis players who play only one sport are more prone to injuries.Sports: Specialization Means Higher Risk of Injury - Read more

Pregnancy: Blocking Folic Acid Doubles Risk of Malformations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/10/2009] A new study warns that taking medications that reduce or block the actions of folic acid during the first trimester of pregnancy increase the risk that the growing baby will develop abnormalities. Pregnancy: Blocking Folic Acid Doubles Risk of Malformations - Read more

Ear Infection: Surgery Best for Organ Transplant Recipients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/10/2009] Organ transplant recipients benefit significantly when they are monitored and receive prompt diagnosis and treatment for otitis media, a common inner ear infection, according to a new study. Ear Infection: Surgery Best for Organ Transplant Recipients - Read more

Health Risk: TV Watching Before Bedtime Can Lead to Sleep Debt

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/06/2009] According to a research abstract, television watching may be an important determinant of bedtime, and may contribute to chronic sleep debt. Health Risk: TV Watching Before Bedtime Can Lead to Sleep Debt - Read more

Cancer Screening: Little Certainty with Risks (Part 1)

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/06/2009] by Wiebke Heiss/MEDICA.de Screenings for cervical, breast, colorectal and skin cancer are all part of public health insurance in Germany, millions of healthy people go routinely to the doctor. Despite the fact, that the benefit for most measures has not yet been proven. Even worse: Most patients do not get proper information about the risks.Cancer Screening: Little Certainty with Risks (Part 1) - Read more

Drugs: Warnings Skipped By Consumers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2009] Medicine packages barrage consumers with information. Marketing claims and brand names still overshadow critical fine print on non-prescription medications, researchers found.Drugs: Warnings Skipped By Consumers - Read more

Hospital: Respiratory Risk From Cleaning Fluids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/03/2009] Cleaning fluids used in hospitals may pose a health risk to both staff and patients. A pilot study has found that potentially hazardous chemicals are contained in a selection of agents used in several different hospitals.Hospital: Respiratory Risk From Cleaning Fluids - Read more

Birth: Hepatitis C Not Reduced by C-Section

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/11/2008] Planned caesarean sections do not help to reduce the chances of a pregnant mother with Hepatitis C (HCV) transmitting the infection to her unborn baby, according to new scientific findings.Birth: Hepatitis C Not Reduced by C-Section - Read more

Transplant Tourism: Getting Kidney Abroad Seems Risky

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/10/2008] People travelling to other countries to receive kidney transplants experience more severe post-transplant complications with a higher incidence of acute rejection and severe infections, according to a new study. Transplant Tourism: Getting Kidney Abroad Seems Risky - Read more

Risk: Hepatitis B Linked to Pancreatic Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/09/2008] A new study suggests that exposure to the hepatitis B virus (HBV) may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer. Plus: patients with the cancer treated with chemotherapy may face danger of reactivation of their HBV. Risk: Hepatitis B Linked to Pancreatic Cancer - Read more

Diagnosis: 3-D MRI Finds High-Risk Carotid Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/09/2008] Researchers have used three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (3-D MRI) to accurately detect bleeding within the walls of diseased carotid arteries, a condition that may lead to a stroke. Diagnosis: 3-D MRI Finds High-Risk Carotid Disease - Read more

HPV: After Vaccination Early Diagnosis Still Necessary

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2008] The recommendations to vaccinate girls and young women against cervical cancer have been in action for two years. The discussions if this measure makes sense continues since vaccinated women still need early stage diagnosis. HPV: After Vaccination Early Diagnosis Still Necessary - Read more

Breast Cancer Prevention and Risk Groups: In the End a Matter of Feeling

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2008] Each country has its special customs - this sometimes also applies to medicine. International data concerned with high genetic breast cancer risk show that more Dutch women opt for a preventive removal of both breasts than German women. The reason: It is still not clear how to best prevent breast cancer in high risk groups.Breast Cancer Prevention and Risk Groups: In the End a Matter of Feeling - Read more

Cesarean Section: Surgery - Only If Absolutely Necessary

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2008] More and more children are being born through a Cesarean section. Although this can have advantages for mothers and hospitals, experts believe that a surgery imposes higher risks than a natural birth.Cesarean Section: Surgery - Only If Absolutely Necessary - Read more

Heart Attack: Ultrasound Used to Predict Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/08/2008] Repeat exams using widely available and inexpensive ultrasound imaging could help identify patients at high risk for a heart attack or other adverse cardiovascular events, according to a new study.Heart Attack: Ultrasound Used to Predict Risk - Read more

Prostate Cancer: About Sense and Nonsense of the PSA Test

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2008] The PSA test is the only approved test for the early diagnosis of prostate cancer and, at the same time, it is a controversial topic among experts. Therefore, the need to elucidate the patient on the weaknesses and strengths of this method is even more important – before the test is taken. Prostate Cancer: About Sense and Nonsense of the PSA Test - Read more

Online Tests: Checking the Genotype through Click and Buy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2008] Genetic tests offer big potential in the fight against illnesses – if they are used sensible. However, a few years ago the first tests appeared on the internet and now everybody can determine his personal risk to fall ill one day with osteoporosis, high blood pressure or Parkinson - so it seems. It rather is an expensive and unreliable glimpse in the future.Online Tests: Checking the Genotype through Click and Buy - Read more

Bladder: Pregnancy May Shield From Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2008] Pregnancy seems to confer some protection against bladder cancer in mice, scientists have found. Bladder: Pregnancy May Shield From Cancer - Read more

Osteoporosis: Heel Ultrasound May Predict Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/06/2008] An ultrasound exam of the heel may be able to predict if a woman is at heightened risk for osteoporosis. Along with certain risk factors, radiation-free ultrasound of the heel may be used to better select women who need further bone density testing. Osteoporosis: Heel Ultrasound May Predict Risk - Read more

Children: Road Pollution and Allergy Risk Correlated

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/06/2008] New evidence blames traffic-related pollution for increasing the risk of allergy and atopic diseases among children by more than fifty percent. Children: Road Pollution and Allergy Risk Correlated - Read more

Breast Cancer: Obese Women More Likely to Die

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/05/2008] Women who are obese when they are diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer are at a greater risk of dying of their disease than women of normal weight. Breast Cancer: Obese Women More Likely to Die - Read more

Water, Air and Soil: Pollution Causes 4 of 10 Deaths

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/08/2007] About 40 percent of deaths worldwide are caused by water, air and soil pollution, concludes a US research.Water, Air and Soil: Pollution Causes 4 of 10 Deaths - Read more

Heart Attack: Obese Patients More Likely To Survive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2007] Amongst patients who had received initial treatment for a specific type of heart attack, those that were obese were less likely to die during the following three years than normal weight patients.Heart Attack: Obese Patients More Likely To Survive - Read more

Birth: Uterus Contracts Poorly in Obese Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/04/2007] Scientists have uncovered the reason why overweight women have more Caesarean sections; they are at significant risk of their uterus contracting poorly in childbirth. Birth: Uterus Contracts Poorly in Obese Women - Read more

Transplantation: Hepatitis C Associated With Decreased Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/10/2006] Heart transplant patients who receive a donor heart from a person with hepatitis C have a lower rate of survival, according to a study. Transplantation: Hepatitis C Associated With Decreased Survival - Read more

Endorphins: People Can Become Addicted to Tanning

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/03/2006] Frequent users of tanning beds may be getting more out of the experience than darker skin. New evidence suggests that ultraviolet light has "feel-good" effects that may be similar to those of some addictive drugs.Endorphins: People Can Become Addicted to Tanning - Read more

Trauma: Obese Patients More Likely to Die of Their Injuries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/10/2004] Critically injured obese trauma patients have higher rates of death than nonobese trauma patients, according to an article in the September issue of The Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.Trauma: Obese Patients More Likely to Die of Their Injuries - Read more

Transplants: Excellent Survival Rates for Liver Cancer Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/10/2003] More than 60 percent of liver transplant patients with advanced liver cancer are still alive after five years, compared to nearly zero survival for those patients who did not undergo transplant, according to a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.Transplants: Excellent Survival Rates for Liver Cancer Patients - Read more

 
 

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