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Photo Galleries 2010

Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman in bed, blowing her news [26/09/2014] Influenza infection can enhance the ability of the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae to cause ear and throat infections, according to research published ahead of print in the journal Infection and Immunity.Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection - Read more

Microfluidics: lab on a breathing chip

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Iconic human nose and pollutants [23/09/2014] Human nasal epithelial cells, cultured on a microchip, react to air pollutants just like they would in the upper airway.Microfluidics: lab on a breathing chip - Read more

Some lung cancer patients could live longer when treated with new radiotherapy strategy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor holding a X-ray image [17/09/2014] Treating advanced small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) with thoracic (or chest) radiation therapy in addition to standard treatment significantly prolongs long-term survival and reduces cancer recurrence in the chest by almost 50%, according to new research.Some lung cancer patients could live longer when treated with new radiotherapy strategy - Read more

Process damages lungs of donors with traumatic brain injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Human lung [05/09/2014] Few people would guess that some of the most detrimental damage from a traumatic brain injury is to the lungs, but transplant specialists are keenly aware of this phenomenon. Indiana University research sheds light on the potentially lethal process.Process damages lungs of donors with traumatic brain injury - Read more

Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy [29/08/2014] Manchester scientists are working out how to safely increase the radiotherapy dose given to lung cancer patients – potentially offering improved local control and survival.Research demonstrates potential method to better control lung cancer using radiotherapy - Read more

Model predicts COPD hospital readmission

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician listens to a patient's chest [15/08/2014] Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have identified predictors of early rehospitalization among patients hospitalized for complications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Model predicts COPD hospital readmission - Read more

Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: A dust mite [24/07/2014] If you’re allergic to dust mites (and chances are you are), help may be on the way. Researchers at the University of Iowa have developed a vaccine that can combat dust-mite allergies by naturally switching the body’s immune response. Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies - Read more

Study reveals protective role for specialized cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Professor David Lo with a student [11/07/2014] Research in the UCR School of Medicine laboratory of David Lo found that certain cells of the epithelium have a potentially important role in immune surveillance – creating an electrostatic repulsion field to microbial invasion.Study reveals protective role for specialized cells - Read more

TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medical Report Tuberculosis written on a typewriter [30/06/2014] Tuberculosis infection among people taking corticosteroid pills may be underestimated, new research suggests. Current guidelines for what constitutes a positive TB skin test among corticosteroid pill users may not be capturing all those who are infected, said Dr. Nicholas Vozoris, a respirologist in the Tuberculosis Program at St. Michael's Hospital. TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills - Read more

Air pollution controls linked to lower death rates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A powerplant during nighttime [27/06/2014] National and state air pollution controls that went into effect in the early 1990s coincide with decreasing death rates from emphysema, asthma and pneumonia among people in North Carolina, according to a study led by Duke University researchers.Air pollution controls linked to lower death rates - Read more

Immune system: not even cell death can stop the alarm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Confocal microscopy image of macrophages [26/06/2014] Even after a cell dies, components of the immune system remain active and continue to fuel inflammatory reactions. An international team of researchers under the direction of scientists from the Institute of Innate Immunity at the University Hospital of Bonn has discovered how this incredible form of communication works.Immune system: not even cell death can stop the alarm - Read more

Measuring fine dust concentration via smartphone

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand holding smartphone, cars in the background [27/05/2014] Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) are developing a sensor that can be connected easily to smartphones. In the future, users are to take part in drawing up a pollution map via participatory sensing. The precision of the map will be the higher, the more people will take part.Measuring fine dust concentration via smartphone - Read more

Researchers find new molecule to treat asthma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young woman using asthma spray [16/05/2014] Study identifies a novel molecule that prevents the symptoms associated with allergen-induced asthma.Researchers find new molecule to treat asthma - Read more

Infections: Impact of Whooping Cough Vaccination Revealed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Coughing girl [29/04/2014] Comprehensive study shows effect of vaccination on spread and diversification of Bordetella pertussis.Infections: Impact of Whooping Cough Vaccination Revealed - Read more

Tumor DNA: Blood Test Could Detect Solid Cancers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood [07/04/2014] A blood sample could one day be enough to diagnose many types of solid cancers, or to monitor the amount of cancer in a patient's body and responses to treatment. Previous versions of the approach, which relies on monitoring levels of tumor DNA circulating in the blood, have required cumbersome and time-consuming steps to customize it to each patient or have not been sufficiently sensitive.Tumor DNA: Blood Test Could Detect Solid Cancers - Read more

Breast Cancer: Increased Risk of Developing Lung Cancer after Radiotherapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two women smoking [07/04/2014] Women who have radiotherapy for breast cancer have a small but significantly increased risk of subsequently developing a primary lung tumour, and now research has shown that this risk increases with the amount of radiation absorbed by the tissue.Breast Cancer: Increased Risk of Developing Lung Cancer after Radiotherapy - Read more

Transplantations: Detection of Chronic Graft-vs.-Host Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ventilation hose [20/03/2014] A simple questionnaire that rates breathing difficulties on a scale of 0 to 3 predicts survival in chronic graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD), according to a current study.Transplantations: Detection of Chronic Graft-vs.-Host Disease - Read more

World Tuberculosis Day - 03/24/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: World Tuberculosis Day [20/03/2014] „Find. Treat. Cure.“ – This sounds simple, but describes the possible solution for a global healthcare burden: tuberculosis. It is intended to defeat the disease until 2050. This is especially difficult in South-East Asia and Africa, because the healthcare systems there “miss” a lot of the patients. The campaign “Find. Treat. Cure.” aims to raise awareness for them.World Tuberculosis Day - 03/24/2014 - Read more

Environment: Research Links Body Clocks to Chronic Lung Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Clock in the chest [19/03/2014] The body clock’s natural rhythm could be utilized to improve current therapies to delay the onset of chronic lung diseases. Scientists at the University of Manchester have discovered a rhythmic defense pathway in the lung controlled by our body clocks, which is essential to combat daily exposure to toxins and pollutants.Environment: Research Links Body Clocks to Chronic Lung Diseases - Read more

Lung Regeneration: Research on 3D Scaffolds Sets New Bar

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung [10/03/2014] In end-stage lung disease, transplantation is sometimes the only viable therapeutic option, but organ availability is limited and rejection presents an additional challenge. Innovative research efforts in the field of tissue regeneration, including pioneering discoveries by University of Vermont (UVM) Prof. Daniel Weiss and colleagues, holds promise for this population.Lung Regeneration: Research on 3D Scaffolds Sets New Bar - Read more

Particulate Air Pollution: Cause of Increased Heart Attack Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Exhaust fumes [24/01/2014] Long-term exposure to particulate matter is associated with an increased risk for heart attack. Moreover, this association can already be observed in levels of particulate exposure below the current specified European limit values.Particulate Air Pollution: Cause of Increased Heart Attack Risk - Read more

Nutrition: Dietary Fibers Protect Against Asthma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fruit and vegetables [07/01/2014] The Western diet probably has more to do with the asthma epidemic than has been assumed so far because developing asthma is related to the amount of fruit and vegetables consumed.Nutrition: Dietary Fibers Protect Against Asthma - Read more

Smoking: Total Bans Work Best

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smoking ban [06/01/2014] Completely banning tobacco use inside the home – or more broadly in the whole city – measurably boosts the odds of smokers either cutting back or quitting entirely, report University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers.Smoking: Total Bans Work Best - Read more

Cancer: Increased Attention to Risk from Silica

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Demolition work [12/12/2013] Action could help millions of Americans exposed to silica at work: A new review highlights new developments in understanding the health effects of silica, and calls for action to reduce illness and death from silica exposure at work.Cancer: Increased Attention to Risk from Silica - Read more

Transplant: Lungs Preserved for 11 Hours Outside Body

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Organs [16/10/2013] A multidisciplinary transplant team at University Hospitals Leuven successfully preserved a set of donor lungs for over eleven hours with the help of a machine, the longest period ever reported.Transplant: Lungs Preserved for 11 Hours Outside Body - Read more

Fungal Lung Infections: New Drug Candidate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two people in a garden [07/10/2013] Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have discovered a new compound that could be developed as an antifungal drug to treat histoplasmosis and cryptococcosis, two types of fungal infections that are naturally drug-resistant. Fungal Lung Infections: New Drug Candidate - Read more

Air Pollution: Death and Disability Down 35 Percent in the US

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Air pollution [24/09/2013] A new study by Arden Pope from Brigham Young University concludes that improvements in U.S. air quality since 1990 have sparked a 35 percent reduction in deaths and disability specifically attributable to air pollution.Air Pollution: Death and Disability Down 35 Percent in the US - Read more

Antibiotics: New Strategy Could Reduce Inappropriate Use

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Antibiotics [10/09/2013] Researchers have developed a new strategy for prescribing antibiotics that could reduce patient harm and help combat the rise in antibiotic resistance.Antibiotics: New Strategy Could Reduce Inappropriate Use - Read more

Surgery: New Tool May Help Sleep Apnea Sufferers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sleep Apnea [29/08/2013] A Wayne State University researcher's novel use of a new tool may make surgery a more viable option for sufferers of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).Surgery: New Tool May Help Sleep Apnea Sufferers - Read more

Blood: Risk Calculator for Venous Thromboses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood [19/08/2013] A venous thrombosis, the occlusion of a vein, can result in a pulmonary embolism. Researchers at the Medical University Vienna have now developed a “risk calculator” that enables doctors to estimate this risk more accurately.Blood: Risk Calculator for Venous Thromboses - Read more

Biomedicine: Protein Profile of Tumor Cells Decoded

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Protein signatures [09/08/2013] Since proteins are responsible for converting somatic cells into tumor cells, scientists have now decoded the proteome of 59 tumor cell lines – and have found new ways to explain why cancer drugs do not have the same effect on all patients.Biomedicine: Protein Profile of Tumor Cells Decoded - Read more

Hypertension Patients: New Inhalable Gene Therapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Inhalation [06/08/2013] The deadly condition known as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which afflicts up to 150,000 Americans each year, may be reversible by using an inhalable gene therapy, report an international team of researchers led by investigators at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.Hypertension Patients: New Inhalable Gene Therapy - Read more

Transplants: Bigger Lungs May Be Better

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lungs [02/08/2013] When it comes to lung transplants, bigger may be better. That is the main finding from a University of Iowa study, which found that oversized lungs lead to improved survival following lung transplants, particularly among patients receiving double-lung transplants.Transplants: Bigger Lungs May Be Better - Read more

Heart Failure: New Treatment Makes Heart "Softer"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart and lung [24/07/2013] The cardiologist Diana Bonderman from the Department of Internal Medicine II at the Medical University of Vienna has demonstrated the effectiveness of a substance that and makes the heart "softer".Heart Failure: New Treatment Makes Heart "Softer" - Read more

Pneumonia: Factor for Impaired Immune Response Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung [23/07/2013] Scientists from the Medical University of Vienna found out that a protein hampers the body’s immune response in cases pneumonia.Pneumonia: Factor for Impaired Immune Response Found - Read more

Environment: Study Highlights Hidden Dangers of Heat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sun Flowers [23/07/2013] During heat waves – when ozone production rises – plants’ ozone absorption is curtailed, leaving more pollution in the air, and costing an estimated 460 lives in the UK in the hot summer of 2006.Environment: Study Highlights Hidden Dangers of Heat - Read more

Environment: Urban Trees Make Cities Healthier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Central Park [21/06/2013] An U.S. Forest Service and Davey Institute study found that urban trees are saving an average of one life every year per city as they reduce fine particulate pollution. In New York City, trees save an average of eight lives every year.Environment: Urban Trees Make Cities Healthier - Read more

Intensive Care: Reducing Airway Infection in Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Breathing apparatus [19/06/2013] An initiative that combines a multidisciplinary health care approach with a range of preventive measures could cut the rate of a common airway infection among children in intensive care by more than half, a new study suggests.Intensive Care: Reducing Airway Infection in Children - Read more

Nanomaterial Toxicity: Stage for Policies to Address Health Risks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Laboratory [07/05/2013] For the first time, researchers from institutions around the United States have conducted an identical series of toxicology tests evaluating lung-related health impacts associated with widely used engineered nanomaterials (ENMs).Nanomaterial Toxicity: Stage for Policies to Address Health Risks - Read more

World Asthma Day - 05/07/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with asthma [03/05/2013] On May 7th, 2013, the World Asthma Day will take place under the motto „You Can Control Your Asthma“. It was initiated in 1998 by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). On this day, organizations and associations worldwide inform about the chronic respiratory disease and call on the affected persons to control it.World Asthma Day - 05/07/2013 - Read more

Lung Cancer: Models Predict Treatment Outcome

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor viewing X-ray [22/04/2013] Mathematical prediction models are better than doctors at predicting the outcomes and responses of lung cancer patients to treatment. This applies even after the doctor has seen the patient and knows what treatment plan and radiation dose will be.Lung Cancer: Models Predict Treatment Outcome - Read more

Lung Cancer: Three Risk Factors Combined

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Asbestos warning [15/04/2013] The chances of developing lung cancer associated with asbestos exposure, asbestosis and smoking are dramatically increased when these three risk factors are combined.Lung Cancer: Three Risk Factors Combined - Read more

Lung Cancer: Doctors Do Not Assist Tobacco Cessation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tabacco Cessation [02/04/2013] Physicians who care for lung cancer patients recognize the importance of tobacco cessation, but often do not provide cessation assistance to their patients according to a recent study.Lung Cancer: Doctors Do Not Assist Tobacco Cessation - Read more

Viruses: Device Kills Airborne Pathogens

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pathogens [01/02/2013] A new device called a soft x-ray electrostatic precipitator protected immunocompromised mice from airborne pathogenic bacteria, viruses, ultrafine particles, and allergens. This device, known for short as a SXC ESP, is highly versatile, with multiple potential uses, and Washington University is working on licensing the technology.Viruses: Device Kills Airborne Pathogens - Read more

Well Hidden: New Understanding of Latent Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung in X-Ray [31/01/2013] Forsyth scientists have gained new insight on how Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global epidemic. Although drugs have been available for 50 years, TB still infects nearly 2.2 billion people worldwide and causes 1.7 million annual deaths.Well Hidden: New Understanding of Latent Tuberculosis - Read more

Smoking Bans: Fewer Hospitalizations and Deaths

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smoking publicly [09/11/2012] Laws that end smoking at work and other public places result in significantly fewer hospitalizations for heart attacks, strokes, asthma and other respiratory conditions, a new analysis from the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) has found.Smoking Bans: Fewer Hospitalizations and Deaths - Read more

Korean Men: Increased Risk for Death from Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Korean man [07/11/2012] Measuring blood levels of high-sensitive C-reactive protein, an important marker of inflammation, in apparently cancer-free men could potentially help identify those at increased risk for death from cancer, in particular lung cancer, according to a research.Korean Men: Increased Risk for Death from Cancer - Read more

Lung Disease: Antibody Could Reverse Fatal Condition

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/10/2012] Scientists from the University of Sheffield have found an antibody treatment that not only stops pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) from getting worse, but also reverses the condition in mice and rats. Their research is paving the way for new treatments.Lung Disease: Antibody Could Reverse Fatal Condition - Read more

Diagnosis: New Way of Imaging Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2012] A new approach to lung scanning could improve the diagnosis and treatment of a lung disease that affects approximately 24 million Americans and is the country's third-highest cause of death.Diagnosis: New Way of Imaging Lungs - Read more

Asthma: Inner City and Suburbs Children Have Different Illnesses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2012] In a new study researchers from the University of Wisconsin in Madison investigated viral respiratory illnesses and their possible role in the development of asthma in urban versus suburban babies.Asthma: Inner City and Suburbs Children Have Different Illnesses - Read more

Smartphone: App Lets You Monitor Lung Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/09/2012] A new tool from researchers at the University of Washington, UW Medicine and Seattle Children's hospital lets people monitor their lung function at home or on the go simply by blowing into their smartphones.Smartphone: App Lets You Monitor Lung Health - Read more

COPD: The Mystery of The Third Signal

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/09/2012] At least three protective mechanisms defend the lungs against erroneous attacks by the body's own immune system. This was discovered by the Immuneregulation research group of Professor Dunja Bruder at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany.COPD: The Mystery of The Third Signal - Read more

T Cells in The Lung: License for Self-destruction

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/09/2012] A research team of the University Medical Center Göttingen could now show that the Multiple Sclerosis-causing immune cells are programmed in the lung to be more motile and to efficiently break through blood vessel barriers.T Cells in The Lung: License for Self-destruction - Read more

Warning: E-cigarettes Can Damage the Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/09/2012] New research has shown that despite electronic cigarettes being marketed as a potentially safer alternative to normal cigarettes, they are still causing harm to the lungs. A new study has added new evidence to the debate over the safety of alternative nicotine-delivery products.Warning: E-cigarettes Can Damage the Lungs - Read more

Lung Cancer Treatment: Bruce Lee helps us to fight lung tumors”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2012] In many movies, Bruce Lee fights against different villains with Asian fighting methods. Even though scientists at the GSI Helmholz Center for Heavy Ion Research (GSI Helmholzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung) use other techniques to fight lung cancer, they work at least as effectively as the 70’s movie icon with their thorax model “Bruce Lee”.Lung Cancer Treatment: Bruce Lee helps us to fight lung tumors” - Read more

Children: Secondhand Smoke Impairs Vital Cough Reflex

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/08/2012] New research from the Monell Center reveals that exposure to secondhand smoke decreases sensitivity to cough-eliciting respiratory irritants in otherwise healthy children and adolescents.Children: Secondhand Smoke Impairs Vital Cough Reflex - Read more

Europe: Time to Act on COPD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/06/2012] The European COPD Coalition (ECC) is using the presence of a major international conference on lung health in Birmingham in England (COPD8) to call for lung testing to be a basic health right for all across Europe and better training for healthcare professionals.Europe: Time to Act on COPD - Read more

Lung: Pathogens in Biofilm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/06/2012] People with the hereditary disease "cystic fibrosis" usually die as a result of chronic pulmonary infections. Scientists of the University of Basel have discovered that genetic modifications in a pathogen causing pneumonia help it to persist life-long in the lungs of a patient.Lung: Pathogens in Biofilm - Read more

Brain Cancer: Treating Drug-resistant Tumour Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/06/2012] New research from the University of Wisconsin-Madison explains why the incurable brain cancer, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is highly resistant to current chemotherapies.Brain Cancer: Treating Drug-resistant Tumour Cells - Read more

Microfluidic Chip: TB Test Promises to Be Cheap and Fast

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/05/2012] Biomedical engineers at University of California Davis have developed a microfluidic chip to test for latent tuberculosis. They hope the test will be cheaper, faster and more reliable than current testing for the disease.Microfluidic Chip: TB Test Promises to Be Cheap and Fast - Read more

Microscope: Tiny Tool Can Play Big Role Against Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/05/2012] A tiny filter could have a big impact around the world in the fight against tuberculosis. Using the traditional microscope-based diagnosis method as a starting point, University of Florida lung disease specialists have devised a way to detect more cases of the bacterial infection.Microscope: Tiny Tool Can Play Big Role Against Tuberculosis - Read more

Fibrosis: Scarring Cells Revert to Inactive State as Liver Heals

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/05/2012] An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, show that significant numbers of myofibroblasts – cells that produce the fibrous scarring in chronic liver injury – revert to an inactive phenotype as the liver heals.Fibrosis: Scarring Cells Revert to Inactive State as Liver Heals - Read more

COPD: Comorbidities Increase Risk of Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/05/2012] Comorbidities are common among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and a number of these comorbidities are independently associated with an increased mortality risk, according to a new study.COPD: Comorbidities Increase Risk of Mortality - Read more

Dementia - Understanding the Patient Brings Better Care

Patients suffering from dementia often cannot articulate themselves clearly. If they constantly shout out incomprehensible words or even react aggressively towards their surrounding, it can be a difficult situation for the people caring for them. Scientists are therefore researching support possibilities to unburden the interaction for both parties.Dementia - Understanding the Patient Brings Better Care - Read more

Lung: Positive Results in Trial for New Asthma Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/04/2012] Scientists from the University of Southampton and Synairgen can announce positive data from its Phase II clinical trial, into the effectiveness of the drug SNG001 – inhaled interferon beta – for asthma patients.Lung: Positive Results in Trial for New Asthma Treatment - Read more

COPD: Marker for Early Detection of Lung Damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/04/2012] Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a widespread disease. Around ninety per cent of cases are the result of smoking. Now a research team from the University Department of Surgery at MedUni Vienna has discovered a protein marker in the blood that can already indicate lung damage during the early stages of COPD, before a decrease in lung volume is detected by a pulmonary function test.COPD: Marker for Early Detection of Lung Damage - Read more

Veins and Lungs: Infection Linked to Dangerous Blood Clots

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/04/2012] Older adults who get infections of any kind – such as urinary, skin, or respiratory tract infections – are nearly three times more likely to be hospitalised for a dangerous blood clot in their deep veins or lungs, University of Michigan Health System research shows.Veins and Lungs: Infection Linked to Dangerous Blood Clots - Read more

Asthma: Children Have Lung Function Deficits as Neonates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] Children who develop asthma by age seven have deficits in lung function and increased bronchial responsiveness as neonates, a new study from researchers in Denmark suggests.Asthma: Children Have Lung Function Deficits as Neonates - Read more

The Slightly Different Kind of Flu: Pneumonia as reflected in modern medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] Pneumonia is a classic among infectious diseases. Hippocrates already described an illness whose symptoms included coughing followed by pneumonia but today would more resemble an influenza virus. Sir William Osler, considered to be the father of modern medicine, characterized it as “Captain of the Men of Death“ at the start of the 20th century. And what about today?The Slightly Different Kind of Flu: Pneumonia as reflected in modern medicine - Read more

Preemies: “The anatomical maturation of the lung makes a gas exchange possible after the 22nd week of pregnancy at the earliest“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] In the event of a premature delivery, the lung of a newborn child is often not able to assume its function. One reason for this: it lacks a tenside called surfactant (surface active agent), that makes sure that the lungs don’t stick together during the breathing process. MEDICA.de spoke to Professor Peter Bartmann, Director of Neonatology at University Hospital Bonn, on how preemies can be helped.Preemies: “The anatomical maturation of the lung makes a gas exchange possible after the 22nd week of pregnancy at the earliest“ - Read more

CT Screening: Growth Rates of Lung Cancers Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/03/2012] According to the latest report from the International Early Lung Cancer Action Program (I-ELCAP), lung cancers diagnosed in annual repeat rounds of CT screening are similar — both in volume doubling time and cell-type distribution — to those found in clinical practice.CT Screening: Growth Rates of Lung Cancers Found - Read more

Product Development - The Long Road to the Medical Device

Often, years pass from the first idea to the finished medical product, as medical devices are only allowed to be released onto the market and can be implanted into humans after sufficient research and a sometimes tedious search for the right cooperation with different disciplines, as well strict control on the part of the legislator. Product Development - The Long Road to the Medical Device - Read more

Air Contamination: Air Emissions Near Fracking Sites May Impact Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/03/2012] In a new study, researchers from the Colorado School of Public Health have shown that air pollution caused by hydraulic fracturing or fracking may contribute to acute and chronic health problems for those living near natural gas drilling sites.Air Contamination: Air Emissions Near Fracking Sites May Impact Health - Read more

Severe Flu: Cause of Lung Injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/03/2012] While some scientists report engineering a super virulent strain of the H5N1 influenza virus, which could potentially wipe out a significant percentage of the human population, another group of researchers from the United Kingdom now reports a discovery that may one day help mitigate the deadly effects of all flu strains.Severe Flu: Cause of Lung Injury - Read more

Lung: Treatment of Tuberculosis Can Be Guided by Patients' Genetics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/02/2012] A gene that influences the inflammatory response to infection may also predict the effectiveness of drug treatment for a deadly form of tuberculosis. That shows a study of an international collaboration between researchers at the University of Washington in Seattle, Duke University, Harvard University, the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Vietnam and Kings College London.Lung: Treatment of Tuberculosis Can Be Guided by Patients' Genetics - Read more

Asthma: Breastfeeding is Good for the lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/02/2012] Breastfeeding is associated with improved lung function at school age, particularly in children of asthmatic mothers, according to a new study from researchers in Switzerland and the United Kingdom.Asthma: Breastfeeding is Good for the lungs - Read more

Health and Costs: Traffic-Related Air Pollution

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/01/2012] A research team led by University of Massachusetts Amherst with colleagues in California and Switzerland have revised the cost burden sharply upward for childhood asthma and for the first time include the number of cases attributable to air pollution, in a study.Health and Costs: Traffic-Related Air Pollution - Read more

Intensive-Care Medicine: ECMO as a Bridge to Lung Transplantation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/01/2012] Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in awake, non-intubated patients may be an effective strategy for bridging patients to lung transplantation, according to a new study of the Hannover Medical School in Hannover, Germany.Intensive-Care Medicine: ECMO as a Bridge to Lung Transplantation - Read more

Hygiene: Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak Linked to Hospital's Decorative Fountain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/01/2012] A 2010 outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in Wisconsin has been linked to a decorative fountain in a hospital lobby, according to a study of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.Hygiene: Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak Linked to Hospital's Decorative Fountain - Read more

Smokers: Statins May Increase Risk of Interstitial Lung Abnormalities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2012] Use of statins may influence susceptibility to or the progression of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in smokers, according to a new study of Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston.Smokers: Statins May Increase Risk of Interstitial Lung Abnormalities - Read more

Respiratory: Link Between Pulmonary Inflammation, Diesel Exhaust, House Dust

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/12/2011] A study conducted by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has found that diesel exhaust particulates (DEP) and house dust extract (HDE) causes pulmonary inflammation that aggravates asthma.Respiratory: Link Between Pulmonary Inflammation, Diesel Exhaust, House Dust - Read more

Advance: Breath Test to Diagnose Multiple Sclerosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/11/2011] Scientists are reporting the development and successful tests in humans of a sensor array that can diagnose multiple sclerosis (MS) from exhaled breath.Advance: Breath Test to Diagnose Multiple Sclerosis - Read more

Better Living: A well-cared for and lovingly furnished home also benefits your health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/11/2011] Few people likely wonder whether their apartment and its furnishings are also good for their health. At best, such questions are normally asked when mold and mildew ruin the walls or water runs down the windows on the inside.Better Living: A well-cared for and lovingly furnished home also benefits your health - Read more

Cambodia: Early HIV Treatment Increases Survival in Patients with Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/10/2011] Timing is everything when treating patients with both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB). Starting HIV therapy in such patients within two weeks of TB treatment, rather than two months as is the current practice, increases survival by 33 per cent, according to a large-scale clinical trial in Cambodia led by researchers at Children's Hospital Boston.Cambodia: Early HIV Treatment Increases Survival in Patients with Tuberculosis - Read more

COPD Therapy: Why Is Steroid Treatment Ineffective for COPD?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/10/2011] A new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, found why corticosteroids do not work well for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and how additional treatment with sulforaphane - an ingredient of broccoli and other vegetables - can improve the effectiveness of corticosteroids.COPD Therapy: Why Is Steroid Treatment Ineffective for COPD? - Read more

New Metabolic Pathway: Dioxin-like Chemical Messenger Makes Brain Tumours More Aggressive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/10/2011] A research alliance of Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Centre (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ), jointly with colleagues of the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Leipzig, have discovered a new metabolic pathway which makes malignant brain tumours (gliomas) more aggressive and weakens patients’ immune systems.New Metabolic Pathway: Dioxin-like Chemical Messenger Makes Brain Tumours More Aggressive - Read more

Manipulated Gatekeeper: How Viruses Find Their Way Into the Cell Nucleus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/10/2011] Adenoviruses cause respiratory diseases and are more dangerous for humans than previously assumed. They manipulate gatekeeper molecules and infiltrate the cell nucleus with the aid of the host cell. A team of researchers have succeeded in demonstrating this mechanism in detail for the first time.Manipulated Gatekeeper: How Viruses Find Their Way Into the Cell Nucleus - Read more

Negative Effects: Lung Function of Moderately Premature Babies Reduced

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2011] The negative effects that premature birth can have on the lungs of babies could be as severe in moderately premature babies as those born extremely prematurely but may be reversed in their teenage years, according to a new study.Negative Effects: Lung Function of Moderately Premature Babies Reduced - Read more

Lung: Risk of Comorbidities for COPD Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2011] A new study has shown that people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or people with reduced lung function are at a serious risk of developing cardiovascular disease.Lung: Risk of Comorbidities for COPD Patients - Read more

Low-fat Yogurt: Intake When Pregnant may Lead to Child Asthma and Hay Fever

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/09/2011] Eating low-fat yoghurt whilst pregnant can increase the risk of your child developing asthma and allergic rhinitis (hay fever), according to recent findings.Low-fat Yogurt: Intake When Pregnant may Lead to Child Asthma and Hay Fever - Read more

Identification: Molecular Pathway Leads to Inflammation in Asthma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/08/2011] Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have identified a molecular pathway that helps explain how an enzyme elevated in asthma patients can lead to increased mucus production and inflammation that is characteristic of the lung condition. Their findings reveal unique interactions between biological molecules that could be targeted to develop new asthma treatments.Identification: Molecular Pathway Leads to Inflammation in Asthma - Read more

Identified: Key Component in Lethal Lung Cancer Complication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/06/2011] A protein previously thought not to exist in adult human lungs not only is present in normal and cancerous lung tissue, scientists have found, but it also has a major role in the development of a lethal complication of some lung cancers. Identified: Key Component in Lethal Lung Cancer Complication - Read more

Virally-Induced Asthma Attacks: Study Suggests New Therapeutic Targets

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/05/2011] When children with asthma get the flu, they often land in the hospital gasping for air. Researchers have found a previously unknown biological pathway explaining why influenza induces asthma attacks. Studies in a mouse model reveal that influenza activates a newly recognized group of immune cells called natural helper cells – presenting a completely new set of drug targets for asthma.Virally-Induced Asthma Attacks: Study Suggests New Therapeutic Targets - Read more

Pneumonia: Aging and Obsolete Cells Prime The Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/05/2011] Community-acquired pneumonia is the leading cause of infectious death among the elderly. Newly published research suggests why older people are vulnerable and offers a possible defense.Pneumonia: Aging and Obsolete Cells Prime The Lungs - Read more

Lung Cells: Carbon Black Nanoparticles Can Cause Cell Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/05/2011] Researchers have found that inhaled carbon black nanoparticles create a double source of inflammation in the lungs.Lung Cells: Carbon Black Nanoparticles Can Cause Cell Death - Read more

Dementia: Research for Oral Hygiene in Nursing Homes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/05/2011] People with dementia may soon have improved oral hygiene because of a National Institutes of Health 1.4 million dollars, four-year grant to an assistant professor of nursing, Penn State for a new study.Dementia: Research for Oral Hygiene in Nursing Homes - Read more

Gene Expressions: Smokers Undergo the Same Changes as Patients with COPD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/05/2011] 'Healthy' smokers experience changes in the gene expression of their lungs similar to that suffered by smokers who have developed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Gene Expressions: Smokers Undergo the Same Changes as Patients with COPD - Read more

Hypertension: When the Lungs Come Under Pressure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/05/2011] Max Planck scientists find a way of treating pulmonary arterial hypertension. Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension struggle with severe symptoms, which include shortness of breath, exhaustion and a lack of vitality. Hypertension: When the Lungs Come Under Pressure - Read more

Enzyme: Essential for Healthy Lung Development

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/03/2011] Investigators have provided the first evidence that Eya1 protein phosphatase is a crucial regulator of the development of embryonic lung epithelial stem cells. Enzyme: Essential for Healthy Lung Development - Read more

Blood Test: Detecting Early Emphysema in Smokers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/03/2011] During a regular annual physical exam, blood is usually drawn to check the health of a person's heart, kidneys and liver. Now, say a blood test that detects the early development of emphysema -- well before symptoms occur -- may someday also be offered.Blood Test: Detecting Early Emphysema in Smokers - Read more

Spontaneous Smoking Cessation: Early Symptom of Lung Cancer?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/03/2011] Many longtime smokers quit spontaneously with little effort shortly before their lung cancer is diagnosed, leading some researchers to speculate that sudden cessation may be a symptom of lung cancer.Spontaneous Smoking Cessation: Early Symptom of Lung Cancer? - Read more

Lung Injury: Gene Protects Lung from Damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/02/2011] Lung injury is a common cause of death among patients with pneumonia, sepsis or trauma and in those who have had lung transplants. The damage often occurs suddenly and can cause life-threatening breathing problems and rapid lung failure.Lung Injury: Gene Protects Lung from Damage - Read more

New Study: High Levels of Circulating DNA May Signal Faster Progression of Lung Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2011] High levels of circulating DNA may indicate faster progression of lung cancer and lower overall survival, according to a new study.New Study: High Levels of Circulating DNA May Signal Faster Progression of Lung Cancer - Read more

Lung Societies: New International Classification of Lung Adenocarcinoma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2011] Three of the world's top lung associations have published a new international multidisciplinary classification of lung adenocarcinoma, the first revision to the classification in six years. Lung Societies: New International Classification of Lung Adenocarcinoma - Read more

Children with Asthma: Premature Loss of Lung Function During Adolescence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/01/2011] Severe asthma in early childhood may lead to premature loss of lung function during adolescence and more serious disease during adulthood, researchers at Emory University School of Medicine report. Early identification and treatment of children with severe asthma is important to help stem asthma progressionChildren with Asthma: Premature Loss of Lung Function During Adolescence - Read more

Study: Increased Lung Cancer Risk Among Tuberculosis Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/01/2011] China Medical University study shows higher incidence of cancer in those who have had tuberculosis.Study: Increased Lung Cancer Risk Among Tuberculosis Patients - Read more

Daycare: Children With Lung Disease at Risk for Serious Illness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2010] Exposure to common viruses in daycare puts children with a chronic lung condition caused by premature birth at risk for serious respiratory infections, according to a study from Johns Hopkins Children's Center. Daycare: Children With Lung Disease at Risk for Serious Illness - Read more

Diagnostic: Blood Test Can Identify Rare Lung Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/07/2010] Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have found that a certain blood test can successfully identify lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) in some patients, eliminating the need for surgical lung biopsy to make a diagnosis.Diagnostic: Blood Test Can Identify Rare Lung Disease - Read more

Diet: High-Fat a No-No For Asthma Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/05/2010] People with asthma may be well-advised to avoid high-fat meals: individuals with asthma who consumed a high-fat meal showed increased airway inflammation just hours after the binge, according to a new study.Diet: High-Fat a No-No For Asthma Patients - Read more

Environment: How Dangerous Are Air Pollutants?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/04/2010] With a new system, researchers say, it will be possible to channel substances from the air under controlled conditions through the lung or skin cells, and simultaneously observe the reactions of the cells under the microscope.Environment: How Dangerous Are Air Pollutants? - Read more

Lungs: Pulmonary Disease Limits Heart Function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/01/2010] A common lung condition, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) diminishes the heart's ability to pump effectively even when the disease has no or mild symptoms, according to new research.Lungs: Pulmonary Disease Limits Heart Function - Read more

Asthma: Quitting Smoking Can Reverse Symptoms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/12/2009] Asthmatic smokers may be able to reverse some of the damage to their lungs just by putting down their cigarettes, according to new research. Asthma: Quitting Smoking Can Reverse Symptoms - Read more

Pneumonia: Ultrasound as Useful as Chest CT

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/11/2009] Chest ultrasound can serve as a viable alternative to chest CT in the evaluation of pediatric patients with complicated pneumonia and parapneumonic effusion (a build-up of fluid between the lung and chest wall), according to a new study. Pneumonia: Ultrasound as Useful as Chest CT - Read more

Nanotechnology: Carbon Nanotubes Can Affect Lining of the Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/11/2009] A new study shows that inhaling carbon nanotubes can affect the outer lining of the lung, though the effects of long-term exposure remain unclear. Nanotechnology: Carbon Nanotubes Can Affect Lining of the Lungs - Read more

Special Organ Donation Tasks: „They Are not less Important for Saving Human Lives“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/10/2009] 80 per cent of all Germans would donate organs after their death, but only 17 per cent possess an organ donation pass with the consequence that kidney, heart and liver for transplants are scarce goods. Special Organ Donation Tasks: „They Are not less Important for Saving Human Lives“ - Read more

Organ Care System: „A Cost-Benefit Analysis Has Not Been Prepared Yet”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/09/2009] If one needs a goldfish for its aquarium, one needs a plastic bag full of water for transport. This is similar to the medical procedure involved when heart, kidney or liver from organ donors need to get to the intensive care patient. However, there is one serious problem limiting transport: the time. Organ Care System: „A Cost-Benefit Analysis Has Not Been Prepared Yet” - Read more

Lung Cancer: High-Dose Radiation Improves Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/04/2009] Higher doses of radiation combined with chemotherapy improve survival in patients with stage III lung cancer, according to a new study. Lung Cancer: High-Dose Radiation Improves Survival - Read more

The world's smallest heart-lung machine saves lives

Each year in Germany between 400 and 550 people fall victim to fires. In most cases the actual cause of death is not the blaze itself but smoke inhalation. Now a mobile heart-lung machine helps to save lives in situations like these. The world's smallest heart-lung machine saves lives - Read more

Lung: New Study Finds that COPD on the Rise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2008] Doctors and federations warn to underestimate the chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). A new report verifies these concerns: more people as assumed until now are affected.Lung: New Study Finds that COPD on the Rise - Read more

New Treatment: Ultrasound Seals Punctured Lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/09/2007] The first experiment using ultrasound to treat lung injuries shows promising results: a newly developed high-intensity ultrasound device stopped air and blood leaks in punctured lungs.New Treatment: Ultrasound Seals Punctured Lungs - Read more

 
 

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