Main content of this page

Anchor links to the different areas of information in this page:

You are here: MEDICA Portal. MediaCenter. Photo Galleries. Slideshow Archive.

Photo Galleries 2010

Children with autism are more sedentary than their peers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy with autism sitting and drawing [01/10/2014] A new Oregon State University (OSU) study of children with autism found that they are more sedentary than their typically-developing peers, averaging 50 minutes less a day of moderate physical activity and 70 minutes more each day sitting.Children with autism are more sedentary than their peers - Read more

Improving medicines for children in Canada

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mother with her child at the doctor [19/09/2014] A new expert panel report, Improving Medicines for Children in Canada, released today by the Council of Canadian Academies, addresses the importance of developing safe and effective medicines for children. Each year about half of Canada's seven million children use at least one prescription drug. Much of this prescribing is done off-label creating potential health risks. Improving medicines for children in Canada - Read more

Exercise before school may reduce ADHD symptoms in kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy riding a bike [12/09/2014] Paying attention all day in school as a kid isn't easy, especially for those who are at a higher risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A new study from Michigan State University and University of Vermont researchers shows that offering daily, before-school, aerobic activities to younger, at-risk children could help in reducing the symptoms of ADHD in the classroom and at home.Exercise before school may reduce ADHD symptoms in kids - Read more

Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Twins [11/09/2014] International research involving the University of Adelaide has found that the risk of preterm birth could be halved for a specific group of "super high-risk" twin pregnancies. The results could help to save babies' lives throughout the world and prevent serious health complications after birth.Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies - Read more

High levels of physical activity linked to better academic performance in boys

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children running [11/09/2014] A recent Finnish study shows that higher levels of physical activity are related to better academic achievement during the first three school years particularly in boys. The study was conducted in collaboration with the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study conducted at the University of Eastern Finland and the First Steps Study at the University of Jyväskylä.High levels of physical activity linked to better academic performance in boys - Read more

Mothers' responses to babies' crying: Benefiting from and getting over childhood experiences

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby with blue eyes [10/09/2014] A new study has found that mothers whose childhood experiences with caregivers was positive and those who have come to terms with negative experiences are more infant-oriented when they see videos of babies crying and respond more sensitively to their own babies' cries.Mothers' responses to babies' crying: Benefiting from and getting over childhood experiences - Read more

Pediatric Anesthesia: “I would object to a specialty medical training”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2014] When very young children already need to be in the operating room, it’s not just the parents that are concerned. This type of situation is a special challenge for the entire operating team, because children are always very special patients – especially since they are not just simply small grown-ups! Pediatric Anesthesia: “I would object to a specialty medical training” - Read more

Polio: mutated virus breaches vaccine protection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Polio vaccine with an injection [25/08/2014] Thanks to effective vaccination, polio is considered nearly eradicated. Each year only a few hundred people are stricken worldwide. However, scientists of the University of Bonn, together with colleagues from Gabon, are reporting alarming findings: a mutated virus that was able to resist the vaccine protection to a considerable extent was found in victims of an outbreak in the Congo in 2010. Polio: mutated virus breaches vaccine protection - Read more

Study maps EU school food policies for the first time

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: School children eating lunch together [17/07/2014] As part of the European Commission's efforts to help reduce childhood obesity, the Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre (JRC), has published the first comprehensive report on school food policies in Europe.Study maps EU school food policies for the first time - Read more

Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Parents playing with their daughter [02/07/2014] Parents who have a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are about one third less likely to have more children than families without an affected child, according to a study led by a UC San Francisco researcher.Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids - Read more

Bionic pancreas controls blood sugar levels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Components of the bionic pancreas [01/07/2014] The latest version of a bionic pancreas device has been successfully tested in two five-day clinical trials – one in adults, the other in adolescents – that imposed minimal restrictions on patient activities.Bionic pancreas controls blood sugar levels - Read more

Mediterranean diet: children less likely to be overweight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mediterranean fish dish [25/06/2014] A study of eight European countries shows that children consuming a diet more in line with the rules of the Mediterranean one are 15% less likely to be overweight or obese than those children who do not.Mediterranean diet: children less likely to be overweight - Read more

Caffeine affects boys and girls differently after puberty

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Different cups of coffee [16/06/2014] Caffeine intake by children and adolescents has been rising for decades, due in large part to the popularity of caffeinated sodas and energy drinks, which now are marketed to children as young as four. Despite this, there is little research on the effects of caffeine on young people. Caffeine affects boys and girls differently after puberty - Read more

Infant nutrition and development of type 1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A man feeding an infant with a bottle [13/06/2014] Splitting the cow’s milk proteins in a formula does not prevent the start-up of the disease process of type 1 diabetes in predisposed children, shows a large international study. However, these results do not exclude the possibility that the early dietary modification may affect the latter phase in the disease process and so prevent the actual illness.Infant nutrition and development of type 1 diabetes - Read more

Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging low for most children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician holding an infant and looking at X-rays [13/06/2014] Children with heart disease are exposed to low levels of radiation during X-rays, which do not significantly raise their lifetime cancer risk. However, children who undergo repeated complex imaging tests that deliver higher doses of radiation may have a slightly increased lifetime risk of cancer, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging low for most children - Read more

Infants: New Disease Gene for Early Infantile Epilepsy Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Structure of the HCN1 channel [30/04/2014] A severe form of epilepsy in infants is caused by hitherto unknown mutations of the HCN1 ion channel. The changes in the genetic material are de novo mutations, i. e. they are not present in the parents. This is reported by a German-French research team. Infants: New Disease Gene for Early Infantile Epilepsy Found - Read more

Infections: Impact of Whooping Cough Vaccination Revealed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Coughing girl [29/04/2014] Comprehensive study shows effect of vaccination on spread and diversification of Bordetella pertussis.Infections: Impact of Whooping Cough Vaccination Revealed - Read more

Physicians: Why Vitamin D Deficiency Diagnoses Surged

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vitamin D [17/04/2014] New research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center suggests that physicians are ordering vitamin D deficiency screening tests for preventive care purposes rather than after patients develop conditions caused by decreased bone density.Physicians: Why Vitamin D Deficiency Diagnoses Surged - Read more

Pregnancy: Women Who Gain too Much Or too Little Weight at Risk for Having an Overweight Child

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with glasses [16/04/2014] Gaining both too much or too little weight during pregnancy appears to increase the risk of having an overweight or obese child, according to a Kaiser Permanente study.Pregnancy: Women Who Gain too Much Or too Little Weight at Risk for Having an Overweight Child - Read more

Over a Lifetime: Childhood Obesity Costs $19,000 per Child

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Overweight parents kiss their child [08/04/2014] Childhood obesity comes with an estimated price tag of $19,000 per child when comparing lifetime medical costs to those of a normal weight child, according to an analysis led by researchers at the Duke Global Health Institute and Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore. Over a Lifetime: Childhood Obesity Costs $19,000 per Child - Read more

Asthma: Air Pollution from Traffic Increases Odds of Readmission

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl with asthma [03/04/2014] Higher exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) dramatically increases the odds of readmission to the hospital for asthma – but only for white children, according to a new Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center study.Asthma: Air Pollution from Traffic Increases Odds of Readmission - Read more

Youth: Burden of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Still Unacceptably High

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Diabetes [02/04/2014] Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a life-threatening but preventable condition, remains an important problem for youth with diabetes and their families. It is due to a severe lack of insulin and often the presenting symptom of type 1 diabetes. It can also be present at the onset of type 2 diabetes.Youth: Burden of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Still Unacceptably High - Read more

Educational Software: Developing Tactile-Friendly Learning Devices for Children with Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kids with a tablet [27/03/2014] New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and WebTeam Corporation, a New Jersey-based IT company, have signed an agreement to collaboratively design and develop a customizable learning device that will help children with autism spectrum disorder master a range of skills-building lessons contained in the device's embedded educational software.Educational Software: Developing Tactile-Friendly Learning Devices for Children with Autism - Read more

Menkes Disease: Using PET Scanning to Evaluate Therapies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: PET image [27/03/2014] Scientists at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies have used PET imaging to visualize the distribution in the body of copper, which is deregulated in Menkes disease, a genetic disorder, using a mouse model. This study lays the groundwork for PET imaging studies on human Menkes disease patients to identify new therapy options.Menkes Disease: Using PET Scanning to Evaluate Therapies - Read more

Physical Activity: When Mothers are Active So Are Their Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mother and child [24/03/2014] Parents are strong influences in the lives of young children, with patterns of behaviour established in the early years laying the foundation for future choices. A new study suggests that, when it comes to levels of physical activity, it is mothers who set (or don't set) the pace. Physical Activity: When Mothers are Active So Are Their Children - Read more

Long-Term Study: Long-Term Health of Childhood Cancer Survivors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Gap [20/03/2014] A long-term follow-up of adult survivors of childhood cancer reinforces need for lifelong health surveillance for childhood cancer survivors.Long-Term Study: Long-Term Health of Childhood Cancer Survivors - Read more

“Pediatric conditions often require pediatric-specific engineering”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/03/2014] Children are not just small adults and they cannot be treated as such. Physicians have recognized this but manufacturers of medical devices have a hard time here: the market for pediatric medical devices is very small and researchers have difficulties to turn their ideas into commercially successful products.“Pediatric conditions often require pediatric-specific engineering” - Read more

Teenagers: Energy Drinks Linked to Health Risks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A can [07/03/2014] The uplifting effects of energy drinks are well advertised, but a new report finds consumption among teenagers may be linked with poor mental health and substance use.Teenagers: Energy Drinks Linked to Health Risks - Read more

Autism: New Definition May Decrease Diagnosis by One-third

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Letters forming the word Autism [26/02/2014] New diagnosis guidelines for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) issued by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) may reduce by almost one third the total number of people being diagnosed, according to new research from Columbia University School of Nursing. Autism: New Definition May Decrease Diagnosis by One-third - Read more

Asthma: Passive Smoking Impairs Treatment Response

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child and mother [21/02/2014] Children exposed to cigarette smoke at home have lower levels of an enzyme that helps them respond to asthma treatment, a study has found.Asthma: Passive Smoking Impairs Treatment Response - Read more

Resourcefulness: How Moms with Children on Life-Sustaining Devices Stay Healthy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Familiy with five children [19/02/2014] Moms of children on life-sustaining devices embrace tips for managing over-stressed lives, CWRU pilot study finds.Resourcefulness: How Moms with Children on Life-Sustaining Devices Stay Healthy - Read more

Training: Helping Teachers Promote Healthy Lifestyles

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children and teacher eating [14/02/2014] Research by the University of Southampton suggests new teachers could be better trained to help them promote health and lifestyle issues to children in schools.Training: Helping Teachers Promote Healthy Lifestyles - Read more

Study: Detection of Down Syndrome during Pregnancy Improves for Younger Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl with Down Syndrome [12/02/2014] New figures from the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register (NDSCR) based at Queen Mary University of London, reveal the proportion of Down syndrome cases diagnosed antenatally has increased in younger women. Furthermore, Down syndrome diagnoses are occurring earlier in pregnancy for women of all ages.Study: Detection of Down Syndrome during Pregnancy Improves for Younger Women - Read more

Birth: How Much Does it Cost to Have a Baby in a Hospital?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby in a suit holding a dollar [17/01/2014] Women giving birth in California can face a huge cost difference in their hospital bills, according to a new UC San Francisco study. Birth: How Much Does it Cost to Have a Baby in a Hospital? - Read more

Status: ADHD Linked to Social and Economic Disadvantage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children [16/01/2014] Scientists have found evidence of a link between social and economic status and childhood attention deficit disorder (ADHD) in the UK.Status: ADHD Linked to Social and Economic Disadvantage - Read more

USA: Exposures to Some Phthalates Fall After Federal Ban

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby and baby bottle [15/01/2014] Americans are being exposed to significantly lower levels of some phthalates that were banned from children's articles in 2008, but exposures to other forms of these chemicals are rising steeply, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.USA: Exposures to Some Phthalates Fall After Federal Ban - Read more

Ear: Tubes Do Not Improve Long-term Development

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ear plug [09/01/2014] It is a decision faced by millions of families of children with recurrent or chronic otitis media with effusion (non-infected fluid in the middle ear) each year. Out of concern regarding long-term effects, about a million families choose ear tubes annually.Ear: Tubes Do Not Improve Long-term Development - Read more

Cancer: Large Differences in Survival between European Countries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: People [10/12/2013] Cancer survival still varies widely between European countries despite major improvements in cancer diagnosis and treatment during the first decade of the 21st century, according to the latest EUROCARE-5 reports covering over 50% of the adult and 77% of the childhood population of Europe. Cancer: Large Differences in Survival between European Countries - Read more

Anatomy: Brain Shape Affects Children's Learning Capacities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child learning [06/12/2013] The anatomy of the brain affects cognitive control, an essential skill for learning and academic success. This is the result of studies performed by the Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Education de l'Enfant (CNRS/Université Paris Descartes/Université de Caen Basse-Normandie), in collaboration with the NeuroSpin Center (CEA). Anatomy: Brain Shape Affects Children's Learning Capacities - Read more

Children: Air Pollution and Genetics Combine to Increase Risk for Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Text Autism [02/12/2013] Exposure to air pollution appears to increase the risk for autism among people who carry a genetic disposition for the neurodevelopmental disorder, according to newly published research led by scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC).Children: Air Pollution and Genetics Combine to Increase Risk for Autism - Read more

Influenza A: Lessons Four Years After the Public Alarm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy with mask [25/11/2013] Paediatrician Eider Oñate analyzed how the H1N1 virus affected the paediatric population in Gipuzkoa in 2009.Influenza A: Lessons Four Years After the Public Alarm - Read more

Young Children: Size, Connectivity of Brain Region Linked to Anxiety Level

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Screaming Child [20/11/2013] Prolonged stress and anxiety during childhood is a risk factor for developing anxiety disorders and depression later in life. Young Children: Size, Connectivity of Brain Region Linked to Anxiety Level - Read more

Children: Researchers Identify Main Genes Responsible for Asthma Attacks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with asthma [18/11/2013] An international team has identified the genes that put some children at particularly high risk of serious asthma attacks, including one not previously suspected of being implicated in the disease. In the long term, these new findings are expected to help improve treatment options for the disease, which represents a high cost for families and society alike.Children: Researchers Identify Main Genes Responsible for Asthma Attacks - Read more

Games: Positive Effects On Young People’s Lives

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Playing Computer Games [15/11/2013] Researchers from Birmingham City University and Birmingham Children’s Hospital are exploring how computer games and game based learning can be applied in the healthcare sector in a bid to boost young people’s understandings of medical conditions that they may be living with and how to best to care for themselves.Games: Positive Effects On Young People’s Lives - Read more

Genetic Pathway: Conduit to Pediatric Tumor Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with no hair smiling [07/11/2013] Investigators at Johns Hopkins have found a known genetic pathway to be active in many difficult-to-treat pediatric brain tumors called low-grade gliomas, potentially offering a new target for the treatment of these cancers.Genetic Pathway: Conduit to Pediatric Tumor Treatment - Read more

New EU Project: Late Side-effects of the Treatment of Childhood Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with child talking to a doctor [07/11/2013] Is it possible to predict the likelihood of subsequent complications following cancer treatment on the basis of genetic tests? This is the main question to be addressed by an EU-wide research project that is being coordinated by the German Childhood Cancer Registry at the Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics (IMBEI) of the Mainz University Medical Center. New EU Project: Late Side-effects of the Treatment of Childhood Cancer - Read more

Childhood Obesity: Kids need more Sleep

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kid sleeping on grass [04/11/2013] It seems everyone is looking for a culprit when it comes to childhood obesity: fast food, sugary drinks, super-sized everything. But it turns out part of the blame may lie with the simple matter of turning out the lights and rolling into bed. Childhood Obesity: Kids need more Sleep - Read more

Portable Vision Screening Devices: Accurately Identify Vision Problems in Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Infant with glasses [25/10/2013] Portable screening devices allow pediatricians to successfully screen children for vision problems, including amblyopia, according to an abstract presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference and Exhibition.Portable Vision Screening Devices: Accurately Identify Vision Problems in Children - Read more

Pertussis: Teen Vaccinations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with doctor [21/10/2013] Widespread vaccination of adolescents for pertussis was associated with lower rates of infant hospitalizations for the respiratory infection than would have been expected had teens not been inoculated according to new research.Pertussis: Teen Vaccinations - Read more

Immunization: No Serious Adverse Reactions to HPV Vaccination

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl vaccinated [17/10/2013] Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and their Danish colleagues have monitored HPV-vaccinated girls via patient data registries. Their results show no significant increase of the examined diseases in the vaccinated girls relative to their unvaccinated peers.Immunization: No Serious Adverse Reactions to HPV Vaccination - Read more

Online Health Tools: Well-child Visits More Likely

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mother, child and doctor [14/10/2013] Young children whose parents used an integrated personal health record were more likely to attend six or more of the nationally recommended well-child care visits by 15 months of age, according to a Kaiser Permanente study.Online Health Tools: Well-child Visits More Likely - Read more

Study: Brain Development Differs in Children Who Stutter

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kindergarten [11/10/2013] A new study by a University of Alberta researcher shows that children who stutter have less grey matter in key regions of the brain responsible for speech production than children who do not stutter. Study: Brain Development Differs in Children Who Stutter - Read more

Emergency Room: Visits for Kids with Concussions Skyrocket

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Football [30/09/2013] Researchers report a skyrocketing increase in the number of visits to the emergency department for kids with sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBI), such as concussions.Emergency Room: Visits for Kids with Concussions Skyrocket - Read more

Drugs: First Real-Time Detector For IV Delivery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Detector [26/09/2013] Today, computerized smart systems can deliver drugs intravenously in exact volumes to hospital patients. However, these systems cannot recognize which medications are in the tubing nor can they determine the concentration of the drug in the tubing.Drugs: First Real-Time Detector For IV Delivery - Read more

Stress: Great Strain for Parents with Chronically Ill Child

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Foto: Ill Child [25/09/2013] The extra demands on parents of chronically ill children cause stress that affects the whole family, according to a systematic review conducted by Case Western Reserve University researchers that also explored what factors in the child's care most contribute to the added strain.Stress: Great Strain for Parents with Chronically Ill Child - Read more

Infections: Protecting Patients in Pediatric Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child care [20/09/2013] New pediatric infection prevention guidelines aim to protect patient and family guests in pediatric residential facilities.Infections: Protecting Patients in Pediatric Care - Read more

Plastics: Body Automatically Breaks Down Implants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child Fracture [19/09/2013] Researchers from Graz University of Technology, together with colleagues from the Medical University of Graz, Vienna University of Technology and the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, have managed to develop absorbable implants to promote bone healing which are broken down by the body. Plastics: Body Automatically Breaks Down Implants - Read more

Hospital Performance: Readmission Rates Are Not the Indicator

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Emergency sign [27/08/2013] Readmission rates of adult patients to the same hospital within 30 days are an area of national focus and a potential indicator of clinical failure and unnecessary expenditures.Hospital Performance: Readmission Rates Are Not the Indicator - Read more

Children: 'Virtual Heart' Guides Defibrillator Placement

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart monitor [23/08/2013] John Hopkins researchers combined MRI images with sophisticated computer analysis to take the guesswork out of a difficult, lifesaving surgery: the placement of a defibrillator for children born with heart defects.Children: 'Virtual Heart' Guides Defibrillator Placement - Read more

Heart Attacks: Drug Dosing for Older Patients Should Differ

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pills [20/08/2013] Older heart patients present unique challenges for determining the optimal dosages of medications. A new study from researchers at Duke Medicine offers some clarity about the use of drugs that are used to treat patients with heart attacks.Heart Attacks: Drug Dosing for Older Patients Should Differ - Read more

Grandparents and Grandchildren: Strong Relationships Reduce Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Grandparents and grandchild [12/08/2013] A new study shows that grandparents and grandchildren have real, measurable effects on each other's psychological well-being long into grandchildren's adulthood.Grandparents and Grandchildren: Strong Relationships Reduce Depression - Read more

Nutrition: Children Born Small Should Get Moving

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby [09/08/2013] Female mice who were growth restricted in the womb were born at a lower birth weight, but were less active and prone to obesity as adults, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital in a report.Nutrition: Children Born Small Should Get Moving - Read more

Children: Vaccination Protects Older Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccinating [12/07/2013] Children who receive a vaccine to prevent blood and ear infections, appear to be reducing the spread of pneumonia to the rest of the population, especially their grandparents and other older adults.Children: Vaccination Protects Older Adults - Read more

Pediatrics: Gene Therapy Cures Neurodegenerative Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child in a hospital [03/07/2013] A single session of a gene therapy developed by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) cures Sanfilippo Syndrome A in animal models. This syndrome is a neurodegenerative disease that affects between 1 and 9 out of every 100,000 children, and causes the death of the child on reaching adolescence.Pediatrics: Gene Therapy Cures Neurodegenerative Disease - Read more

Children: Fiber-optic Pen Helps See Inside Brains

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fiber-optic pen demonstration [24/06/2013] For less than 100 Dollar, University of Washington researchers have designed a computer-interfaced drawing pad that helps scientists see inside the brains of children with learning disabilities while they read and write.Children: Fiber-optic Pen Helps See Inside Brains - Read more

Intensive Care: Reducing Airway Infection in Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Breathing apparatus [19/06/2013] An initiative that combines a multidisciplinary health care approach with a range of preventive measures could cut the rate of a common airway infection among children in intensive care by more than half, a new study suggests.Intensive Care: Reducing Airway Infection in Children - Read more

Children: Reducing Unnecessary CT Scans

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: CT [11/06/2013] A study examining X-ray computed tomography (CT) use in children has found that reducing unnecessary scans and lowering the doses for the highest-dose scans could lower the overall lifetime risk of future imaging-related cancers.Children: Reducing Unnecessary CT Scans - Read more

Flu: School-located Vaccination Programs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccination [07/06/2013] Offering flu vaccines at elementary schools could expand vaccination rates and reduce costs, according to a new study.Flu: School-located Vaccination Programs - Read more

Children: Drug Targets in Genetic Tumor Disorder Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: DNA [27/05/2013] Two mutations central to the development of infantile myofibromatosis (IM) — a disorder characterized by multiple tumors involving the skin, bone, and soft tissue — may provide new therapeutic targets, according to researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.Children: Drug Targets in Genetic Tumor Disorder Identified - Read more

Infection: Leading Explanations for Whooping Cough's Resurgence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl and doctor [21/05/2013] Whooping cough has exploded in the United States and some other developed countries in recent decades, and many experts suspect ineffective childhood vaccines for the alarming resurgence.Infection: Leading Explanations for Whooping Cough's Resurgence - Read more

Malaria: Tool Shows which Kids at Greatest Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with malaria with doctors [10/05/2013] Researchers at Michigan State University have identified a test that can determine which children with malaria are likely to develop cerebral malaria, a much more life-threatening form of the disease.Malaria: Tool Shows which Kids at Greatest Risk - Read more

Children: Local Laws Reduce Dangers of Lead

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lead Sign [08/05/2013] A new study catalogues community-based efforts to develop strategies and policies that – by targeting high risk housing – may hold the key to reducing lead hazards in children's homes.Children: Local Laws Reduce Dangers of Lead - Read more

Children: Detecting Autism from Brain Activity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain [19/04/2013] Neuroscientists from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and the University of Toronto have developed an efficient and reliable method of analyzing brain activity to detect autism in children.Children: Detecting Autism from Brain Activity - Read more

Smoking: Teenagers Influenced by Friends and Parents

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cigarette [16/04/2013] The company you keep in junior high school may have more influence on your smoking behavior than your high school friends, according to newly published research from the University of Southern California (USC).Smoking: Teenagers Influenced by Friends and Parents - Read more

AIDS: Training Gives Kids of Patients a Leg Up

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children [12/04/2013] A simple in-home training program for caregivers can give children of AIDS patients a better shot at prosperity by improving their early-childhood development, according to a study led by a Michigan State University (MSU) researcher.AIDS: Training Gives Kids of Patients a Leg Up - Read more

Copper: The New Building Block in Hospital Hygiene

Germs can be easily transmitted from person to person in hospitals. This is especially dangerous for patients when their immune system is weakened by an existing disease or not yet fully developed, as is the case with children.Copper: The New Building Block in Hospital Hygiene - Read more

Children: Household Income Affects Diabetes Control

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cookies [10/04/2013] Researchers at the University of Montreal have found that the glycated hemoglobin levels of children with type 1-diabetes are correlated linearly and negatively with household income.Children: Household Income Affects Diabetes Control - Read more

Diabetes Type 1: Health Risk of Youth

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl with diabetes [28/03/2013] Adolescent type 1 diabetes patients face greater risk for heart attacks, strokes, blindness and kidney failure later in life if their transition from pediatric to adult care is not carefully managed, two researchers at the University of Colorado have found.Diabetes Type 1: Health Risk of Youth - Read more

Tuberculosis Patients: Vitamin D Benefits Breathing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vitamin D [27/03/2013] Maintaining adequate levels of vitamin D can help people breathe better and may even protect against tuberculosis (TB), according to a study.Tuberculosis Patients: Vitamin D Benefits Breathing - Read more

Infections: Revolutionary Dressing To Save Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dressing on an arm [26/03/2013] Chemists at the University have developed a prototype medical dressing that detects the first signs of the lethal Toxic Shock Syndrome along with other burn wound infections and could potentially save the lives of children with serious burns.Infections: Revolutionary Dressing To Save Children - Read more

Children: Personalized Medicine Eliminates Need for Drug

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genes [01/02/2013] Using genome-wide analysis, investigators at the University of Montreal have potentially eliminated a lifetime drug prescription that two children with a previously unknown type of adrenal insufficiency had been receiving for 14 years. Children: Personalized Medicine Eliminates Need for Drug - Read more

Rotavirus: Vaccinating Children Protects Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccination [24/01/2013] Pediatric rotavirus vaccination also indirectly protects unvaccinated adults from the highly contagious cause of severe diarrhea and vomiting, suggests a new study. The findings suggest pediatric immunization against the virus may be more cost effective than previously thought, given rotavirus-related health care costs among adults.Rotavirus: Vaccinating Children Protects Adults - Read more

USA: Children’s Flu Vaccination Rates Are Low

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Vaccination [14/01/2013] This year's flu season is in full swing with 41 states now reporting widespread illness. Unfortunately, not enough children are getting the flu shot even though health officials recommend that all children 6 months and older get the vaccine.USA: Children’s Flu Vaccination Rates Are Low - Read more

Cancer Patients: Relapse Through Drug Shortage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drugs in the USA [02/01/2013] A national drug shortage has been linked to a higher rate of relapse among children, teenagers and young adults with Hodgkin lymphoma enrolled in a national clinical trial, according to research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.Cancer Patients: Relapse Through Drug Shortage - Read more

US Hospitals: Study Reports Racial Disparities in Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl in Hospital [02/01/2013] When researchers investigated the link between racial disparities and appendicitis outcomes in children, they found that the type of hospital —community, children's or county— affects the patients’ odds of developing a perforated appendix.US Hospitals: Study Reports Racial Disparities in Treatment - Read more

Children: Unique Treatment for Neurological Disorder

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The treatment device and laptop [26/11/2012] An Indiana University study proposes an innovative treatment for developmental coordination disorder (DCD), a potentially debilitating neurological disorder in which the development of a child's fine or gross motor skills is impaired.Children: Unique Treatment for Neurological Disorder - Read more

Children: Daycare Linked with Overweight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children [20/11/2012] Young children who attend daycare on a regular basis are 50 percent more likely to be overweight compared to those who stayed at home with their parents, according to a study by researchers at the University of Montreal. Children: Daycare Linked with Overweight - Read more

Obesity: Epidemic Threatens Health of All Social Groups

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Obese woman [16/11/2012] A new thesis shows that obesity is increasing across all social groups and that we need to look at factors other than socioeconomic status to understand and solve one of the major public health concerns of the Western world.Obesity: Epidemic Threatens Health of All Social Groups - Read more

Autism: Early Treatment Sparks Striking Brain Changes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with autism [08/11/2012] When given early treatment, children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) made significant improvements in behavior, communication, and most strikingly, brain function, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study.Autism: Early Treatment Sparks Striking Brain Changes - Read more

Children with Cancer: Hispanic Caregivers Impacting Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with cancer [29/10/2012] Language barriers and the immigration status of caregivers appear to impact the care of Hispanic children with cancer and affect the experience of the families within the medical system, according to a study.Children with Cancer: Hispanic Caregivers Impacting Care - Read more

Nanotechnology: Feeling the Force of Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/10/2012] The research group of Professor Roderick Lim in collaboration with Doctor Cora-Ann Schönenberger from the University of Basel, reveal how the unique nanomechanical properties of breast cancer cells are fundamental to the process of metastasis.Nanotechnology: Feeling the Force of Cancer - Read more

Children: Electronic Devices Linked to Poor Sleep And Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/10/2012] Children who bask in the nighttime glow of a TV or computer do not get enough rest and suffer from poor lifestyle habits, new research from the University of Alberta has shown.Children: Electronic Devices Linked to Poor Sleep And Obesity - Read more

Childhood Cancer: More Effective Treatment Through DNA Method

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/10/2012] A thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, has studied a DNA method which is now used for all cases of neuroblastoma in Sweden. It has led to more effective treatment at individual level.Childhood Cancer: More Effective Treatment Through DNA Method - Read more

Asthma: Inner City and Suburbs Children Have Different Illnesses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2012] In a new study researchers from the University of Wisconsin in Madison investigated viral respiratory illnesses and their possible role in the development of asthma in urban versus suburban babies.Asthma: Inner City and Suburbs Children Have Different Illnesses - Read more

Autism: Disorder of Neuronal Circuits is Reversible

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/09/2012] People with autism suffer from a pervasive developmental disorder of the brain that becomes evident in early childhood. Peter Scheiffele and Kaspar Vogt, Professors at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel, have identified a specific dysfunction in neuronal circuits that is caused by autism. The scientists also report about their success in reversing these neuronal changes.Autism: Disorder of Neuronal Circuits is Reversible - Read more

Stem Cells: Mending Kids' Broken Hearts

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/09/2012] Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, who are exploring novel ways to treat serious heart problems in children, have conducted the first direct comparison of the regenerative abilities of neonatal and adult-derived human cardiac stem cells.Stem Cells: Mending Kids' Broken Hearts - Read more

Children: Access to Care Differ by Parents' Immigrant Status

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/09/2012] Health is an important part of development, with links to how children do cognitively and academically, and it's a strong predictor of adult health and productivity. A new study of low-income families in the United States has found that children's health and access to health care services differ according to the immigrant status of their parents.Children: Access to Care Differ by Parents' Immigrant Status - Read more

Preeclampsia: A Significant Long-term Health Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/09/2012] Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers have determined that preeclampsia is a significant risk factor for long-term health issues, such as chronic hypertension and hospitalizations later in life.Preeclampsia: A Significant Long-term Health Risk - Read more

Drug Addiction: Traumatic Childhood may Increase the Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/09/2012] Research from the University of Cambridge examines the link between a traumatic upbringing and personality traits which increase the risk of addiction. Drug Addiction: Traumatic Childhood may Increase the Risk - Read more

USA: Medical Exemptions from School Vaccination Requirements

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/08/2012] In states where medical exemptions from vaccination requirements for kindergarten students are easier to get, exemption rates are higher, potentially compromising herd immunity and posing a threat to children and others who truly should not be immunized because of underlying conditions, according to a study.USA: Medical Exemptions from School Vaccination Requirements - Read more

Overweight in Childhood: Antibiotic Use in Infants Before 6 Months

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2012] Treating very young infants with antibiotics may predispose them to being overweight in childhood, according to a study of more than 10,000 children by researchers at the New York University (NYU) School of Medicine.Overweight in Childhood: Antibiotic Use in Infants Before 6 Months - Read more

Children: Secondhand Smoke Impairs Vital Cough Reflex

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/08/2012] New research from the Monell Center reveals that exposure to secondhand smoke decreases sensitivity to cough-eliciting respiratory irritants in otherwise healthy children and adolescents.Children: Secondhand Smoke Impairs Vital Cough Reflex - Read more

Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/08/2012] In the United States, one in 10 children suffers from asthma. Researchers of the University of Cincinnati now report new evidence that exposure to three types of mold during infancy may have a direct link to asthma development during childhood.Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk - Read more

Gene Discovery: Mysterious Paralysis of Childhood

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/07/2012] Researchers at Duke University Medical Centre have now discovered that mutations in one gene cause the disease in the majority of patients with a diagnosis of Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC), and because of the root problem they discovered, a treatment may become possible.Gene Discovery: Mysterious Paralysis of Childhood - Read more

Cholesterol: New Lipid Screening Guidelines for Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/07/2012] Recent guidelines recommending cholesterol tests for children fail to weigh health benefits against potential harms and costs, according to three physician-researchers at University of California – San Francisco.Cholesterol: New Lipid Screening Guidelines for Children - Read more

Kawasaki Disease: Increased Risk of Adult Heart Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2012] Cedars-Sinai researchers have linked Kawasaki Disease, a serious childhood illness that causes inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body, with early-onset and accelerated atherosclerosis, a leading cause of heart disease in adults.Kawasaki Disease: Increased Risk of Adult Heart Disease - Read more

Help: Guidance for Pediatric Electronic Health Records

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/07/2012] The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released a guide to help improve the design of electronic health records for pediatric patients so that the design focus is on the users—the doctors, nurses and other clinicians who treat children.Help: Guidance for Pediatric Electronic Health Records - Read more

Autism: Brain Scans Detect Early Signs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/07/2012] A new study shows significant differences in brain development in high-risk infants who develop autism starting as early as age 6 months. The findings reveal that this abnormal brain development may be detected before the appearance of autism symptoms in an infant's first year of life. Autism is typically diagnosed around the age of 2 or 3.Autism: Brain Scans Detect Early Signs - Read more

HPV Vaccine: Reducing Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/07/2012] The HPV vaccine not only has resulted in a decrease in human papillomavirus infection in immunized teens but also in teens who were not immunized. The study lead by the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center is believed to be the first to show a substantial decrease in HPV infection in a community setting as well as herd.HPV Vaccine: Reducing Infection - Read more

Kids with Behaviour Problems: Tendency to be Bullied

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/07/2012] Students receiving special-education services for behavioural disorders and those with more obvious disabilities are more likely to be bullied than their general-education counterparts – and are also more likely to bully other students, a new study shows.Kids with Behaviour Problems: Tendency to be Bullied - Read more

Study: Gene Mutation Lead to Enlarged Brain Size, Cancer, Autism, Epilepsy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/07/2012] A research team led by Seattle Children's Research Institute has discovered new gene mutations associated with markedly enlarged brain size, or megalencephaly. Mutations in three genes, AKT3, PIK3R2 and PIK3CA, were also found to be associated with a constellation of disorders including cancer, hydrocephalus, epilepsy, autism, vascular anomalies and skin growth disorders. Study: Gene Mutation Lead to Enlarged Brain Size, Cancer, Autism, Epilepsy - Read more

Premature Babies: Antioxidant Can Reduce Blindness Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/06/2012] A study by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital suggests that the antioxidant, rhSOD (recombinant human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase), reduces the risk of developing Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely low gestational age newborns.Premature Babies: Antioxidant Can Reduce Blindness Risk - Read more

Treatment: Web-based Tool Helps Children with Asthma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/06/2012] New study results from Seattle Children's Research Institute found that parents who used an interactive website to track their child's usage of asthma controller medications, improved compliance with asthma controller medication use.Treatment: Web-based Tool Helps Children with Asthma - Read more

Urban Centers: City Kids Have More Food Allergies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/06/2012] Children living in urban centres have a much higher prevalence of food allergies than those living in rural areas, according to a new study, which is the first to map children's food allergies by geographical location in the United States.Urban Centers: City Kids Have More Food Allergies - Read more

Nearsightedness: Hope for More Effective Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/06/2012] Research by an optometrist at the University of Houston (UH) supports the continued investigation of optical treatments that attempt to slow the progression of nearsightedness in children.Nearsightedness: Hope for More Effective Treatment - Read more

Genetic: Mutations Impair Childhood Growth

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/05/2012] Researchers at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia studying rare genetic disorders have uncovered insights into those diseases in biological structures that regulate chromosomes when cells divide.Genetic: Mutations Impair Childhood Growth - Read more

Prenatal Medicine - Safely Through Pregnancy

Providing the best conditions for the unborn life - that is the goal of prenatal medicine. However, a lot of questions have to be considered, because a diagnosis does not always offer an opportunity for therapy.Prenatal Medicine - Safely Through Pregnancy - Read more

Cardiac Death: Costs of Screening Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/05/2012] A study by Doctor Laurel K. Leslie from the Tufts Clinical and colleagues has evaluated the lifesaving benefits and costs of screening programs for the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in children and adolescents. The authors found that screening can save lives.Cardiac Death: Costs of Screening Children - Read more

Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Training Program: ”It was and is our aspiration to structure residency training and education“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/05/2012] What can future medical specialists expect during the time of their training and education, which areas will they have gotten to know and what quality is attached to the apprenticeship. Depending on the hospital and location in Germany, this question has to be answered differently. Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Training Program: ”It was and is our aspiration to structure residency training and education“ - Read more

Autism: Web-based Tool Produces Accurate Diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/04/2012] The process of diagnosing autism is complex, subjective, and often limited to only a segment of the population in need. With the recent rise in incidence to 1 in 88 children, the need for accurate and widely deployable methods for screening and diagnosis is substantial. Dennis Wall of the Centre for Biomedical Informatics at Harvard Medical School has been working to address this problem.Autism: Web-based Tool Produces Accurate Diagnosis - Read more

Children's Immune System: Resistance Against Influenza

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/04/2012] Scientists found out that there may be a connection between age and susceptibility to the influenza virus. But this phenomenon cannot be explained by frailty in general, because it is not obvious that very small children and the very old are the biggest risk groups. Children's Immune System: Resistance Against Influenza - Read more

Gender Determination: “Intersexuality is not a disease“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/04/2012] Most people are clearly female or male. Nature however – human nature as well – also knows other gender types. Intersexuality has always been around in the world and now it is time for society and medical science to finally accept it.Gender Determination: “Intersexuality is not a disease“ - Read more

Children: ADHD Is Over-diagnosed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/04/2012] What experts and the public have already long suspected is now supported by representative data collected by researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB), Germany, and University of Basel: ADHD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is over-diagnosed.Children: ADHD Is Over-diagnosed - Read more

Asthma: Children Have Lung Function Deficits as Neonates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] Children who develop asthma by age seven have deficits in lung function and increased bronchial responsiveness as neonates, a new study from researchers in Denmark suggests.Asthma: Children Have Lung Function Deficits as Neonates - Read more

Preemies: “The anatomical maturation of the lung makes a gas exchange possible after the 22nd week of pregnancy at the earliest“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] In the event of a premature delivery, the lung of a newborn child is often not able to assume its function. One reason for this: it lacks a tenside called surfactant (surface active agent), that makes sure that the lungs don’t stick together during the breathing process. MEDICA.de spoke to Professor Peter Bartmann, Director of Neonatology at University Hospital Bonn, on how preemies can be helped.Preemies: “The anatomical maturation of the lung makes a gas exchange possible after the 22nd week of pregnancy at the earliest“ - Read more

Blood Pressure: Insight into Pregnancy-induced Hypertension

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/03/2012] Researchers of Cleveland Clinic have identified an enzyme linked to pregnancy-induced hypertension – also known as pre-eclampsia – a pregnancy complication characterised by high blood pressure and swelling due to fluid retention. The findings could be used to better screen for – and treat – this condition.Blood Pressure: Insight into Pregnancy-induced Hypertension - Read more

American Children: Diagnosis of ADHD on the Rise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/03/2012] The number of American children leaving doctors’ offices with an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis has risen 66 per cent in 10 years, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study. Over this same timeframe, specialists, instead of primary care physicians, have begun treating an increasing number of these young patients, the study found.American Children: Diagnosis of ADHD on the Rise - Read more

Rett Syndrome: Bone Marrow Transplant Arrests Symptoms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/03/2012] The Organisation Rett Syndrome Research Trust describes the results of using bone marrow transplant (BMT) to replace faulty immune system cells in models of Rett Syndrome. The procedure arrested many severe symptoms of the childhood disorder, including abnormal breathing and movement, and significantly extended the lifespan of Rett mouse models.Rett Syndrome: Bone Marrow Transplant Arrests Symptoms - Read more

Batten Disease: Promise for Fatal Neurological Disorder in Kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/03/2012] Working in mice with the infantile form of Batten disease, a rare but fatal neurological disorder, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Kings College London have discovered dramatic improvements in life span and motor function by treating the animals with gene therapy and bone marrow transplants.Batten Disease: Promise for Fatal Neurological Disorder in Kids - Read more

Study: Better Diagnosis of Language Impairments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/03/2012] Doctor Christine Dollaghan, The University of Texas at Dallas Callier Center for Communication Disorders and the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences evaluated data collected from a large sample of about 600 children. Some of the participants had specific language impairments, or SLI. She wanted to determine whether SLI should be regarded as a discrete diagnostic category.Study: Better Diagnosis of Language Impairments - Read more

New Study: More Children Living with 'Life-limiting' Conditions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/03/2012] The number of children with conditions such as muscular dystrophy, neurodegenerative disorders or severe cerebral palsy who are surviving into adulthood has been underestimated, a new study led from the University of Leeds shows.New Study: More Children Living with 'Life-limiting' Conditions - Read more

Children: Brain-Imaging Differences in Infants who Develop Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/02/2012] A new study led by the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill found significant differences in brain development starting at age 6 months in high-risk infants who later develop autism, compared to high-risk infants who did not develop autism.Children: Brain-Imaging Differences in Infants who Develop Autism - Read more

Children with Sleep Apnea: Sleep Breathing Machine Shows Benefits

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/02/2012] Children's Hospital of Philadelphia researchers find improvements in sleep, attention, quality of life: Children and adolescents with obstructive sleep apnea had substantial improvements in attention, anxiety and quality of life after treatment with positive airway pressure (PAP) — a nighttime therapy in which a machine delivers a stream of air through a mask into the nose.Children with Sleep Apnea: Sleep Breathing Machine Shows Benefits - Read more

Children: Positive Parenting During Early Childhood May Prevent Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/02/2012] Programs that support parents during their child's early years hold promise for obesity prevention, according to a new study of New York University.Children: Positive Parenting During Early Childhood May Prevent Obesity - Read more

Adolescents: High Fructose Consumption May Put at Cardiovascular Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/01/2012] Evidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk is present in the blood of adolescents who consume a lot of fructose, a scenario that worsens in the face of excess belly fat, researchers of Georgia Health Sciences University report.Adolescents: High Fructose Consumption May Put at Cardiovascular Risk - Read more

Children: Google Seek Answers for Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/01/2012] Researchers at the University of Utah have created a program that helps kids with autism focus on building their skills and utilising an aptitude for visual-spatial thinking, computers and other electronic media.Children: Google Seek Answers for Autism - Read more

Accidents: Headphone-Distracted Pedestrians face Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/01/2012] Listen up, pedestrians wearing headphones. Can you hear the trains or cars around you? Many probably cannot, especially young adult males. Serious injuries to pedestrians listening to headphones have more than tripled in six years, according to new research from the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the University of Maryland Medical Centre in Baltimore.Accidents: Headphone-Distracted Pedestrians face Death - Read more

Children: Hospitalisation Following Drowning-Related Incidents

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/01/2012] Fewer children required hospitalisation following a drowning incident over the last two decades, according to a new study from the Johns Hopkins Centre for Injury Research and Policy.Children: Hospitalisation Following Drowning-Related Incidents - Read more

Children: Gestational Diabetes and Low Socioeconomic Status Raise Risk of ADHD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/01/2012] In the first study of its kind, researchers at Queens College and Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that low socioeconomic status (SES) and maternal gestational diabetes together may cause a 14-fold increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in six year olds.Children: Gestational Diabetes and Low Socioeconomic Status Raise Risk of ADHD - Read more

Psychology: Childhood Hypersensitivity Linked to OCD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/12/2011] In childhood, rituals like regular schedules for meal, bath, and bed times are a healthy part of behavioural development. But combined with oral and tactile sensitivities, such as irritation caused by specific fabrics, these rituals could be an early warning sign of adult Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Psychology: Childhood Hypersensitivity Linked to OCD - Read more

Emotional Relationship: Study Links Quality of Mother-toddler Relationship to Teen Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/12/2011] The quality of the emotional relationship between a mother and her young child could affect the potential for that child to be obese during adolescence, a new study by Ohio State University suggests.Emotional Relationship: Study Links Quality of Mother-toddler Relationship to Teen Obesity - Read more

Sexualised Violence in War: “We offer traumatised women holistic support“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/12/2011] Sexual violence against women is a taboo subject in many countries around the world. Especially in war zones and regions of conflict, violence and rape is a part of the horrific and traumatizing every day experience of women and girls. The victims are being ignored in society and rarely find support and sympathy for their situation.Sexualised Violence in War: “We offer traumatised women holistic support“ - Read more

Children: New Approach to Management of Overeating

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/12/2011] Current methods to treat overeating in youth focus on therapies that restrict what kids may eat, requiring them to track their food intake and engage in intensive exercise. But for most children, such behavioural therapy techniques do not work long term, according to Doctor Kerri Boutelle from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.Children: New Approach to Management of Overeating - Read more

ADHD: Gene Study of Defects in Brain Signalling Pathways

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/12/2011] Paediatric researchers analysing genetic influences in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have found alterations in specific genes involved in important brain signalling pathways. The study raises the possibility that drugs acting on those pathways might offer a new treatment option for patients with ADHD who have those gene variants — potentially, half a million American children.ADHD: Gene Study of Defects in Brain Signalling Pathways - Read more

Widespread Diseases: Fighting Fat with Fat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/11/2011] Coordinated by the German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ), a European research consortium is searching for ways to use brown fat tissue for combating widespread diseases such as type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.Widespread Diseases: Fighting Fat with Fat - Read more

Influenza: Enzymes That Could Help Fight Flu

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/11/2011] The influenza virus remains a worldwide threat to humans, causing an average of 36,000 deaths and 200,000 hospitalisations each year in the United States alone. As health care professionals prepare for another flu season, a University of Missouri scientist is studying how two enzymes could be used to stop the virus in its tracks.Influenza: Enzymes That Could Help Fight Flu - Read more

Autism Spectrum Disorders: Diagnoses Vary Widely Across Clinics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/11/2011] Archives of General Psychiatry study suggests common diagnostic subcategories like Asperger syndrome are flawed and provides questionable value.Autism Spectrum Disorders: Diagnoses Vary Widely Across Clinics - Read more

USA: Guns in the Home Part of Comprehensive Preventive Health Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/11/2011] This June, a law took effect in the state of Florida limiting physicians' ability to ask patients about firearm ownership. In September, a federal judge granted a preliminary injunction preventing enforcement of the law, citing that the law impeded doctors' Constitutional right to freedom of speech. Now researchers analysed available data around firearm injuries and prevention.USA: Guns in the Home Part of Comprehensive Preventive Health Care - Read more

Children: Spinal Bleeding with Brain Injury May Suggest Abuse

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/11/2011] According to the researchers of Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), abusive head trauma is the leading cause of significant traumatic brain injury in infants, with a 20 to 38 per cent mortality rate and significant neurological and developmental impairment in 30 to 78 per cent of survivors.Children: Spinal Bleeding with Brain Injury May Suggest Abuse - Read more

Children: Body Weight, Sleep-disordered Breathing and Cognition Linked

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/11/2011] Researchers at the University of Chicago have found important new relationships between obesity, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and cognitive processing among elementary school children. Children: Body Weight, Sleep-disordered Breathing and Cognition Linked - Read more

Brain Damage in Newborns: Enzyme Controlling Cell Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/10/2011] Brain damage due to birth asphyxia – where the brain is starved of oxygen around the time of delivery – is normally treated by cooling the infant, but this only helps one baby in nine. New research from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, could now pave the way for new ways of treating brain damage in newborns.Brain Damage in Newborns: Enzyme Controlling Cell Death - Read more

Children: Autistic Brains Develop More Slowly Than Healthy Brains

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/10/2011] Researchers at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have found a possible explanation for why autistic children act and think differently than their peers. For the first time, they've shown that the connections between brain regions that are important for language and social skills grow much more slowly in boys with autism than in non-autistic children.Children: Autistic Brains Develop More Slowly Than Healthy Brains - Read more

Brain Study: How Overcome Students Successful Math Anxiety?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/10/2011] Using brain-imaging technology for the first time with people experiencing mathematics anxiety, University of Chicago scientists have gained new insights into how some students are able to overcome their fears and succeed in math.Brain Study: How Overcome Students Successful Math Anxiety? - Read more

Heart Defects: Heart Test Saves Lives of Newborns

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/10/2011] The United States Secretary of Health recently supported a recommendation that all babies born in the US are to be screened for critical heart defects, before leaving hospital. Behind this decision is a study from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden which shows that a simple test can save the lives of newborns with these heart defects.Heart Defects: Heart Test Saves Lives of Newborns - Read more

Wake-Sleep Patterns: Lack of Sleep Affects Brain Synapses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2011] An ongoing lack of sleep during adolescence could lead to more than dragging, foggy teens, a University of Wisconsin-Madison study suggests. Researchers have found that short-term sleep restriction in adolescent mice prevented the balanced growth and depletion of brain synapses, connections between nerve cells where communication occurs.Wake-Sleep Patterns: Lack of Sleep Affects Brain Synapses - Read more

Down Syndrome: New Findings Validate the Accuracy of Autism Diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/10/2011] New findings from a 16-year study confirm that the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the gold-standard for the classification of mental health conditions, can be used to accurately identify autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children with Down syndrome, according to research from Kennedy Krieger Institute.Down Syndrome: New Findings Validate the Accuracy of Autism Diagnosis - Read more

Children: Dyslexia Isn’t a Matter of IQ

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/09/2011] Historically, the label has been assigned to kids who are bright, even verbally articulate, but who struggle with reading—in short, whose high intelligence quotient (IQ) mismatch their low reading scores. When children are not as bright, however, their reading troubles have been chalked up to their general intellectual limitations.Children: Dyslexia Isn’t a Matter of IQ - Read more

Children: Prescribed Stimulant Use for ADHD Continues to Rise Steadily

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/09/2011] The prescribed use of stimulant medications to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rose slowly but steadily from 1996 to 2008, according to a study conducted by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).Children: Prescribed Stimulant Use for ADHD Continues to Rise Steadily - Read more

Negative Effects: Lung Function of Moderately Premature Babies Reduced

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2011] The negative effects that premature birth can have on the lungs of babies could be as severe in moderately premature babies as those born extremely prematurely but may be reversed in their teenage years, according to a new study.Negative Effects: Lung Function of Moderately Premature Babies Reduced - Read more

Low-fat Yogurt: Intake When Pregnant may Lead to Child Asthma and Hay Fever

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/09/2011] Eating low-fat yoghurt whilst pregnant can increase the risk of your child developing asthma and allergic rhinitis (hay fever), according to recent findings.Low-fat Yogurt: Intake When Pregnant may Lead to Child Asthma and Hay Fever - Read more

Newborns: Newest Screen Will Indicate Heart Problems

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2011] Now a group of physicians and scientists of Duke University Medical Center has developed strategies for national screening for critical CHD, using a simple, noninvasive test called pulse oximetry that measures oxygen in blood. Low oxygen levels would trigger further investigation.Newborns: Newest Screen Will Indicate Heart Problems - Read more

Hearing Loss: Another Danger of Secondhand Smoke

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2011] NYU School of Medicine researchers report in a new study that exposure to tobacco smoke nearly doubles the risk of hearing loss among adolescents. Hearing Loss: Another Danger of Secondhand Smoke - Read more

Premature Infants: Brain Ultrasounds Indicate Risk of Psychiatric Disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/07/2011] Infants born prematurely are at risk for injuries to the white and gray matter of the brain that affect cortical development and neural connectivity. Certain forms of these injuries can be detected in the neonatal period using ultrasound, according to Columbia University Medical Center researchers.Premature Infants: Brain Ultrasounds Indicate Risk of Psychiatric Disorders - Read more

Trend: Urban Children in Canada are Healthier Commuters

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/07/2011] The children most likely to walk or cycle to school live in urban areas, with a single parent, and in an economically disadvantaged home. These are the survey results by Doctor Roman Pabayo of the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre and the university's Department of Social and preventive medicine. Trend: Urban Children in Canada are Healthier Commuters - Read more

Global Epidemics: “There is a worldwide advance”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2011] Despite continuing technological and pharmacological advances, physicians are still faced with several medical mysteries. Oftentimes however there is no time to intensely devote to the research for innovative possible solutions of modern diseases. Global Epidemics: “There is a worldwide advance” - Read more

New Immunization Campaigns: Fall in Cases of Meningitis A in Africa After Vaccine Introduction

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/06/2011] Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger report the lowest number of confirmed meningitis A cases ever recorded during an epidemic season this year following the successful introduction of a new vaccine that could eliminate the primary cause of the deadly disease from Africa's meningitis belt, announced the Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP) today. New Immunization Campaigns: Fall in Cases of Meningitis A in Africa After Vaccine Introduction - Read more

Fetal Programming: Disease Risk Depends on Parental Gender

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/06/2011] Overexposure to stress hormones in the womb can program the potential for adverse health effects in those children and the next generation, but effects vary depending on whether the mother or father transmits them, a new animal study suggests. Fetal Programming: Disease Risk Depends on Parental Gender - Read more

Children: Surgical Removal of the Tonsils Increased Relative Risk of Early Heart Attack

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/06/2011] The surgical removal of the appendix and tonsils before the age of 20 was associated with an increased risk of premature heart attack in a large population study performed in Sweden. Tonsillectomy increased the risk by 44 percent (hazard ratio 1.44) and appendectomy by 33 percent (HR 1.33). Children: Surgical Removal of the Tonsils Increased Relative Risk of Early Heart Attack - Read more

Virally-Induced Asthma Attacks: Study Suggests New Therapeutic Targets

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/05/2011] When children with asthma get the flu, they often land in the hospital gasping for air. Researchers have found a previously unknown biological pathway explaining why influenza induces asthma attacks. Studies in a mouse model reveal that influenza activates a newly recognized group of immune cells called natural helper cells – presenting a completely new set of drug targets for asthma.Virally-Induced Asthma Attacks: Study Suggests New Therapeutic Targets - Read more

Autism: Taking Prenatal Vitamins Reduces Risks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/05/2011] Women who reported not taking a daily prenatal vitamin immediately before and during the first month of pregnancy were nearly twice as likely to have a child with an autism spectrum disorder as women who did take the supplements — and the associated risk rose to seven times as great when combined with a high-risk genetic make-up, a study has found.Autism: Taking Prenatal Vitamins Reduces Risks - Read more

Two Distinct Disease-causing Mutations: Serendipity Leads To Lifesaving Discovery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/05/2011] About two years ago, Doctor Philippe Gros, McGill University/Department of Biochemistry, described a mouse mutant that was immunodeficient and hypersensitive to the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine and to tuberculosis (TB). In this model, Gros's team had found that the immunodeficiency was caused by a mutation in a regulatory protein of the immune system named IRF8. Two Distinct Disease-causing Mutations: Serendipity Leads To Lifesaving Discovery - Read more

Comprehensive Study: Prevalence of Autism in South Korea Estimated

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/05/2011] Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in South Korea affect an estimated 2.64 percent of the population of school-age children, equivalent to 1 in 38 children, according to the first comprehensive study of autism prevalence using a total population sample. Comprehensive Study: Prevalence of Autism in South Korea Estimated - Read more

Large Study: CT Scans Are Frequently Unnecessary After Head Injury in Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/05/2011] Roughly, half of U.S. children taken to hospital emergency departments for a head injury receive a head CT scan. Yet true traumatic brain injury is uncommon. A multi-center study of more than 40,000 children with minor blunt head trauma, led by Children's Hospital Boston and UC Davis, shows that allowing a period of observation can reduce the use of head CT by as much as half without compromising.Large Study: CT Scans Are Frequently Unnecessary After Head Injury in Children - Read more

Early Nutrition: Long-term Metabolic Impact

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/05/2011] Nutrition during the first days or weeks of life may have long-term consequences on health, potentially via a phenomenon known as the metabolic programming effect.Early Nutrition: Long-term Metabolic Impact - Read more

Adult Allergic Asthma: Eczema and Hay Fever in Childhood

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/04/2011] Children who have eczema, particularly when occurring with hay fever, are nine times more likely to develop allergic asthma in their 40s, a new study reveals.Adult Allergic Asthma: Eczema and Hay Fever in Childhood - Read more

Children With Inherited Disorder: Immunisation Not Linked to Increased Hospitalisation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/04/2011] Children with inborn errors of metabolism received vaccines on the same immunization schedule as did healthy infants, according to Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center scientists. In addition, immunization was not associated with significant increases in emergency room visits or hospitalizations during the month following vaccination, according to Doctor Nicola Klein, lead author of the study. Children With Inherited Disorder: Immunisation Not Linked to Increased Hospitalisation - Read more

Early Signs: Heart disease in preadolescent children with type 1 diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/04/2011] Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with diabetes. Patients with type 1diabetes have a 200 percent to 400 percent greater chance of developing cardiovascular disease than those without diabetes. Early Signs: Heart disease in preadolescent children with type 1 diabetes - Read more

Orphans of Medical Science: When a reliable diagnosis becomes rare

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/04/2011] There are childhood diseases which are not actually defined as this. Rare diseases just don’t belong in the list of classic infectious diseases. Nevertheless, in over 50 percent of cases they still occur in infancy and during childhood. In most cases it is difficult to put the disease symptoms of these types of illnesses in children into a clear medical category. Orphans of Medical Science: When a reliable diagnosis becomes rare - Read more

Countryside: Prevention Is Better Than Cure for Zoonotic Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/03/2011] The risk of contracting zoonotic diseases that pass from animals to humans appears to be on the increase in the UK, but encouraging countryside users to take simple precautions to protect themselves is the best response, according to research undertaken by the UK research councils’ Rural Economy and Land Use Programme.Countryside: Prevention Is Better Than Cure for Zoonotic Diseases - Read more

United Kingdom: Today's Children Do Engage in Active Play

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/03/2011] New research suggests that promoting active play in children's leisure time could increase the physical activity of today's children, but that such strategies might need to be tailored according to gender.United Kingdom: Today's Children Do Engage in Active Play - Read more

Vitamin D level: Link to Allergies in Kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/02/2011] A study shows that low vitamin D levels are associated with increased likelihood that children will develop allergies. Vitamin D level: Link to Allergies in Kids - Read more

Diabetes in Children: Convenient Blood Test Not Effective Enough for Diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/02/2011] Doctors are increasingly using a convenient blood glucose test for diagnosing diabetes and pre-diabetes, but a study by the University of Michigan's C.S. Mott Children's Hospital shows it's not the best way to diagnose diabetes in children. Diabetes in Children: Convenient Blood Test Not Effective Enough for Diagnosis - Read more

Children's Skin Wounds: Careful Cleaning Is Key to Healing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/02/2011] When it comes to curing skin infected with the antibiotic-resistant bacterium MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), timely and proper wound cleaning and draining may be more important than the choice of antibiotic.Children's Skin Wounds: Careful Cleaning Is Key to Healing - Read more

Turner Syndrome: New Test Shows Promise for Accurate Diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/02/2011] As a child grows, a short stature is not usually cause for concern, but it is often the only sign of a condition called Turner syndrome. Turner Syndrome: New Test Shows Promise for Accurate Diagnosis - Read more

Teens and Young Adults: Home Test Kits for Sexually Transmitted Infections Proves Effective

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/02/2011] Infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins say new research clearly shows that screening teens and young adults for sexually transmitted infections may best be achieved by making free, confidential home-kit testing available over the Internet. From a public health standpoint, the project is a clear winner, the experts say.Teens and Young Adults: Home Test Kits for Sexually Transmitted Infections Proves Effective - Read more

The UK: A Nation of Happy Couples

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/02/2011] Whether you are married or cohabiting with your partner, the vast majority of couples in the UK are happy in their relationship. Initial findings, from Understanding Society, show that around 90 percent of individuals who are living with a partner are happy with their relationship.The UK: A Nation of Happy Couples - Read more

Key-Protein: New Treatment in a Childhood Cancer?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/02/2011] After analyzing hundreds of proteins produced by the DNA of tumor cells, researchers have identified one protein that may be central to a new treatment for the often-fatal childhood cancer neuroblastoma.Key-Protein: New Treatment in a Childhood Cancer? - Read more

Fetal Surgery: Huge Step Forward in Treating Children with Spina Bifida

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/02/2011] Performing delicate surgery in the womb, months before birth, can substantially improve outcomes for children with a common, disabling birth defect of the spine.Fetal Surgery: Huge Step Forward in Treating Children with Spina Bifida - Read more

New Study: Lead Exposure May Affect Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/02/2011] Even minute amounts of lead may take a toll on pregnant women. Although the levels of lead in the women’s blood remained far below thresholds set by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, women carrying more lead had significantly higher blood pressure. New Study: Lead Exposure May Affect Blood Pressure during Pregnancy - Read more

EU Project: Tackle Complications of Childhood Cancer Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/02/2011] An increasing number of children survive cancer. However, many of them pay a high price. The harsh treatment can lead to hormone imbalances that affect sexual and physical development. Others are affected by infertility, cardiovascular or kidney problems or reduced cognitive function.EU Project: Tackle Complications of Childhood Cancer Treatment - Read more

Children with Asthma: Premature Loss of Lung Function During Adolescence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/01/2011] Severe asthma in early childhood may lead to premature loss of lung function during adolescence and more serious disease during adulthood, researchers at Emory University School of Medicine report. Early identification and treatment of children with severe asthma is important to help stem asthma progressionChildren with Asthma: Premature Loss of Lung Function During Adolescence - Read more

Medical Imaging: Kids Frequently Exposed to Radiation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/01/2011] The rapid growth in use of medical diagnostic imaging, such as CT scans, has led to widespread concern about radiation exposure in adults and the potential for future cancer risk in patients undergoing these tests.Medical Imaging: Kids Frequently Exposed to Radiation - Read more

Therapy: Increasing Life Expectance and Quality for Incurable Childhood Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/12/2010] Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare childhood disease which causes symptoms such as mental retardation or hearing loss and is linked to a lower life expectancy. Therapy: Increasing Life Expectance and Quality for Incurable Childhood Diseases - Read more

Development: Molecular Switch in the Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/11/2010] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists report new details about mechanisms regulating a crucial step in brain development, offering insight into the origins of epilepsy, mental retardation and possibly brain tumour metastasis.Development: Molecular Switch in the Brain - Read more

Children: Effective Gene Therapy for Wiskott-Aldrich-Syndrome

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/11/2010] A Severe Inborn Immunodeficiency Disease: In a first application of gene therapy for the treatment of Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome, blood forming bone marrow cells have been corrected by gene transfer. Children: Effective Gene Therapy for Wiskott-Aldrich-Syndrome - Read more

Childhood Asthma: Paracetamol Use in Pregnancy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/11/2010] Evidence suggesting that the risk of childhood asthma associated with prenatal paracetamol exposure may depend on antioxidant genes in the mother has been found by a team of UK scientists. Childhood Asthma: Paracetamol Use in Pregnancy - Read more

High Blood Pressure: Children More Likely to Have Learning Disabilities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/11/2010] Children who have hypertension are much more likely to have learning disabilities than children with normal blood pressure, according to a new University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) study.High Blood Pressure: Children More Likely to Have Learning Disabilities - Read more

Child-mother Interactions: Helpful for Robots with Social Skills

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/10/2010] University of Miami psychologist finds patterns of nonverbal emotional communication between infants and mothers to help develop a baby robot that learnsChild-mother Interactions: Helpful for Robots with Social Skills - Read more

Breast Cancer: Study Offers Hope for Women with ER-Negative

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/10/2010] Women who have estrogen (ER)-negative breast cancer may have more drug-treatment options than previously thought, a Creighton University study suggests. Breast Cancer: Study Offers Hope for Women with ER-Negative - Read more

Psychological Problems in Children: Linked to Screen Time?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/10/2010] Children who spend longer than two hours in front of a computer or television screen are more likely to suffer psychological difficulties, regardless of how physically active they are.Psychological Problems in Children: Linked to Screen Time? - Read more

Study: Video Games Can Cause Injuries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/10/2010] Interactive gaming devices can cause a broad range of injuries, from abrasions and sprains to shoulder, ankle and foot injuries, according to research. Study: Video Games Can Cause Injuries - Read more

X-rays: Linked to Increased Childhood Leukemia Risk?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/10/2010] Diagnostic X-rays may increase the risk of developing childhood leukemia, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley's School of Public Health. X-rays: Linked to Increased Childhood Leukemia Risk? - Read more

First Study Of Its Kind: Children With Food Allergies Are Often Victims Of Bullying

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/09/2010] In the first-ever study to assess the social impact of food allergies in children, Mount Sinai researchers have found that approximately 35 percent of children with food allergies, who are over the age of five, were reported to have experienced bullying, teasing, or harassment as a result of their allergies. First Study Of Its Kind: Children With Food Allergies Are Often Victims Of Bullying - Read more

Daycare: Children With Lung Disease at Risk for Serious Illness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2010] Exposure to common viruses in daycare puts children with a chronic lung condition caused by premature birth at risk for serious respiratory infections, according to a study from Johns Hopkins Children's Center. Daycare: Children With Lung Disease at Risk for Serious Illness - Read more

Study: Smoking During Pregnancy May Harm the Child's Coordination

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/09/2010] Women who smoke during pregnancy run the risk of adversely affecting their children's coordination and physical control according to a new study from Örebro University, Sweden.Study: Smoking During Pregnancy May Harm the Child's Coordination - Read more

AD36: Childhood Viral Infection May Be a Cause of Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/09/2010] The emerging idea that obesity may have an infectious origin gets new support in a cross-sectional study by University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers who found that children exposed to a particular strain of adenovirus were significantly more likely to be obese. AD36: Childhood Viral Infection May Be a Cause of Obesity - Read more

Missing DNA: Link to Autism in Boys

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/09/2010] New research provides further clues as to why Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects four times more males than females. Missing DNA: Link to Autism in Boys - Read more

Infants: Iron Supplements Contribute To An Effective Effort

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/09/2010] Giving iron supplements to children with marginally low birth weights (2000-2500 grams) dramatically reduces the risk of developing iron deficiency and anemia.Infants: Iron Supplements Contribute To An Effective Effort - Read more

Guideline: Screening of Newborns for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/09/2010] The Endocrine Society (USA) released a new clinical practice guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The guideline features a series of evidence-based clinical recommendations developed by an expert task force.Guideline: Screening of Newborns for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia - Read more

Low Bone Mineral Density: Common in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/08/2010] A thesis from the University of Gothenburg (Sweden) is the first in Scandinavia to study the occurrence of low bone mineral density in children and teenagers with inflammatory bowel disease. Half of the patients in the study showed signs of low bone mineral density. Low Bone Mineral Density: Common in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Read more

Obesity: Rates Decline for Many Adolescents But Disparities Worsen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/08/2010] Obesity rates have started to decline and level off for many adolescents, but continue to increase for certain racial and ethnic minorities, according to a new study led by University of California – San Francisco. Obesity: Rates Decline for Many Adolescents But Disparities Worsen - Read more

Tuberculosis: Test for Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/07/2010] An international team of researchers comparing recently-developed methods for diagnosing tuberculosis in children in resource-poor countries has concluded that the best test for high-risk children is the microscopic-observation drug-susceptibility (MODS) technique.Tuberculosis: Test for Children - Read more

Heart Bypass: Surgery Does Not Reduce Neurocognitive Function In Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/07/2010] Children who undergo cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during surgery for less complicated congenital heart defects do not appear to suffer any impairments in neurocognitive abilities. Heart Bypass: Surgery Does Not Reduce Neurocognitive Function In Children - Read more

Sports: Diabetes Shouldn't Deter Young Athletes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/07/2010] A new study led by York University researchers finds that young athletes with Type 1 diabetes may experience a marked decrease in performance as a result of their blood sugar levels.Sports: Diabetes Shouldn't Deter Young Athletes - Read more

Biomarker: Prediction of asthma in children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/07/2010] Researchers found that children with elevated levels of exhaled nitric oxide (Fraction of Exhaled Nitric Oxide, FeNO) are at increased risk for developing asthma, particularly among children without a parental history of the disease.Biomarker: Prediction of asthma in children - Read more

Osteoporosis: Binge Drinkers at Risk?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/07/2010] Binge-drinking teenagers may be putting themselves at risk for future osteoporosis and bone fractures, according to researchers at Loyola University Health System.Osteoporosis: Binge Drinkers at Risk? - Read more

Obese Children: Higher Risk of Reflux Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/07/2010] Extremely obese children have a 40 percent higher risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and children who are moderately obese have a 30 percent higher risk of GERD compared to normal weight children, according to a Kaiser Permanente.Obese Children: Higher Risk of Reflux Disease - Read more

Postpartum Depression: More Than Just the Baby Blues

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/06/2010] Within the first week after giving birth, up to 70 percent of all women experience symptoms of the baby blues. While most women recover quickly, up to 13 percent of all new mothers suffer from symptoms of a clinical-level postpartum depression.Postpartum Depression: More Than Just the Baby Blues - Read more

Children: Incidental Findings – Dilemma for Doctors and Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/06/2010] Paediatricians whose patients undergo "routine" brain MRIs need a plan to deal with findings that commonly reveal unexpected-but-benign anomalies that are unlikely to cause any problem, reports a research team led by Johns Hopkins Children's Centre investigators. Children: Incidental Findings – Dilemma for Doctors and Patients - Read more

Childhood Cancer: Increased risk for having a malignant tumour in later life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2010] Childhood cancer survivors diagnosed later with non-melanoma skin cancer may be at increased risk for having a malignant tumor within 15 years, according to research led by St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital investigators.Childhood Cancer: Increased risk for having a malignant tumour in later life - Read more

Children: Regular bedtimes linked to better language, reading and math skills

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/06/2010] Study highlights the importance of a consistent bedtime reinforced by intentional parenting practices for a child's overall cognitive development. Children: Regular bedtimes linked to better language, reading and math skills - Read more

Surgery: New Option for Patients with Cancer in Abdomen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/05/2010] A new study shows that an adult surgery adapted for use in young patients increased the survival of children with rare tumors in the abdomen.Surgery: New Option for Patients with Cancer in Abdomen - Read more

Medical Care: Children's Health Suffers Due to Bills

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/05/2010] When the high cost of health care forces families to forgo paying for basic household expenses, such as rent, utilities or food, children's health suffers, according to new research.Medical Care: Children's Health Suffers Due to Bills - Read more

Children: High Blood Pressure Hard to Recognize

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/05/2010] A study of 2,500 patient records suggests that medical staff fails to check a child’s blood pressure a fifth of the time, and is not recognizing what constitutes an abnormal reading in those whose blood pressure they do check.Children: High Blood Pressure Hard to Recognize - Read more

Tobacco Industry: Misleading Candy-Like Nicotine Products

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/04/2010] A tobacco company's new, dissolvable nicotine pellet - which is being sold as a tobacco product, but which in some cases resembles popular candies - could lead to accidental nicotine poisoning in children, according to a new study.Tobacco Industry: Misleading Candy-Like Nicotine Products - Read more

Clinical Trials: Children Need Clearer Communication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/04/2010] A small study of children with cancer enrolled in clinical trials shows that they don't fully understand what physicians and parents tell them about their participation, nor do they feel genuinely involved in the choice to take part.Clinical Trials: Children Need Clearer Communication - Read more

Heart: Obese Toddlers Show Warning Signs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/03/2010] A new study found that obese children as young as three years old have elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation that in adults is considered an early warning sign for possible future heart disease.Heart: Obese Toddlers Show Warning Signs - Read more

Children: Anaesthesia Can Affect Ability to Learn

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/03/2010] There is a link between repeated anaesthesia in children and memory impairment, though physical activity can help to form new cells that improve memory, new research reveals.Children: Anaesthesia Can Affect Ability to Learn - Read more

Children: Mixed-handed More Likely to Have Problems

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/01/2010] Children who are mixed-handed, or ambidextrous, are more likely to have mental health, language and scholastic problems in childhood than right- or left-handed children. Children: Mixed-handed More Likely to Have Problems - Read more

Autism: Early Intervention for Toddlers Effective

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/12/2009] A novel early intervention programme for very young children with autism is effective for improving the IQ, language ability, and social interaction, a new study has found.Autism: Early Intervention for Toddlers Effective - Read more

Pneumonia: Ultrasound as Useful as Chest CT

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/11/2009] Chest ultrasound can serve as a viable alternative to chest CT in the evaluation of pediatric patients with complicated pneumonia and parapneumonic effusion (a build-up of fluid between the lung and chest wall), according to a new study. Pneumonia: Ultrasound as Useful as Chest CT - Read more

Autism: Children More Likely to Have Handwriting Problems

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/11/2009] Children with autism may have lower quality handwriting and trouble forming letters compared to children without autism, according to a study published by the American Academy of Neurology.Autism: Children More Likely to Have Handwriting Problems - Read more

Kidney Disease: High Blood Pressure Often Undetected

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/11/2009] Many children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who show normal blood pressure readings at the doctor’s office have high blood pressure when tested at home, according to a study. Kidney Disease: High Blood Pressure Often Undetected - Read more

Neurology: Brain-Damaged Children Often Have Cold Feet

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/11/2009] Many wheelchair-using children with neurological disorders have much colder hands and feet than other children, according to a new study. Most receive no special help even though they have had these problems for a long time.Neurology: Brain-Damaged Children Often Have Cold Feet - Read more

Childhood Cancer: Survivors Less Likely to Marry

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/10/2009] Childhood cancer survivors typically suffer from the long-term effects of cancer treatment on physical health, and results of a new study suggest that social implications also exist, which may affect their chance of an "I do" at the altar. Childhood Cancer: Survivors Less Likely to Marry - Read more

Eye Disease: New Device Finds Early Signs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/10/2009] Tell-tale signs of a condition that can blind premature babies are being seen for the first time using a new handheld device in a study at Duke University Medical Center. Eye Disease: New Device Finds Early Signs - Read more

Heart: Americans Concerned, but not Proactive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/10/2009] The Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association (PCNA) has released findings from a consumer survey. It revealed that 61 percent of Americans incorrectly believe that the processes related to heart disease do not begin until adulthood. Heart: Americans Concerned, but not Proactive - Read more

Health Care: Web Site Offers Newborn Screening Data

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/09/2009] The National Library of Medicine (NLM) launched the Newborn Screening Coding and Terminology Guide, an important step toward efficient electronic exchange of standard newborn screening data. Health Care: Web Site Offers Newborn Screening Data - Read more

Sick Children: Pain-Relief Needs not always Met

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/08/2009] Despite great effort to reduce anxiety, fear and pain, related to health care, children still considered “being in pain” as the worst aspect of their procedure, according to a Swedish research.Sick Children: Pain-Relief Needs not always Met - Read more

Air Pollution: A Child's IQ Can Be Affected

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/07/2009] A mother's exposure to urban air pollutants known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can adversely affect a child's intelligence quotient, a study reports. Air Pollution: A Child's IQ Can Be Affected - Read more

Viral Infections: Detector Promises Improved Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2009] Researchers developed a virus detector that is sensitive enough to detect an infection at an early stage and takes only a few minutes to return a result. Viral Infections: Detector Promises Improved Treatment - Read more

Preventing Allergy: Cow Dung Makes the Difference

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Cow Dung Makes the Difference [01/07/2009] In spring and summer, many people suffer from allergies. They often take drugs to alleviate the symptoms. There may be better help for it, yet, as researchers have found special bacteria in cowsheds which are able to immunize children against hay fever and asthma. Preventing Allergy: Cow Dung Makes the Difference - Read more

Sleep Research: Irregularities Are Largely Underdiagnosed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2009] Primary care pediatricians may be underdiagnosing sleep disorders in children and teens, according to a research abstract of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Sleep Research: Irregularities Are Largely Underdiagnosed - Read more

Sleep Research: Irregularities Are Largely Underdiagnosed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2009] Primary care pediatricians may be underdiagnosing sleep disorders in children and teens, according to a research abstract of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Sleep Research: Irregularities Are Largely Underdiagnosed - Read more

ADHD: Pills instead of a Beating

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2009] If a child continuously disrupts classes, always fidgets and annoys everybody, the diagnosis ADHD will be obvious in the eyes of many doctors. The reason of the disease is still unknown. Although it is also unclear how Ritalin works, a lot of little patients are medicated with this drug. ADHD: Pills instead of a Beating - Read more

ADHD: What Stirs Up The Kid?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

What Stirs Up The Kid? [01/07/2009] If a child continuously disrupts class, always fidgets and annoys everybody, the diagnosis ADHD will be obvious in the eyes of many doctors. The reason of the disease is still unknown. Although it is also unclear how Ritalin works, a lot of little patients are medicated with this drug. ADHD: What Stirs Up The Kid? - Read more

Type 2 Diabetes: „You Can Achieve a Lot Only by Changing Drinks”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

„You Can Achieve a Lot Only by Changing Drinks” [01/07/2009] 20 years ago type 2 diabetes was unknown in paediatrics. In the beginning of the nineties the first cases of the disease appeared in children and teenagers. Today there are about 500 cases of illnesses in Germany – and the rising trend continues. Type 2 Diabetes: „You Can Achieve a Lot Only by Changing Drinks” - Read more

Health Insurance: Economic Benefits Would Outweigh Costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/06/2009] Extending health insurance coverage to all children in the U.S. would be relatively inexpensive and would yield economic benefits that are greater than the costs, according to new research conducted at Rice University's Baker Institute. Health Insurance: Economic Benefits Would Outweigh Costs - Read more

Cognition: Toddlers Do Not Learn By Viewing TV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/03/2009] Researchers found that TV viewing before the age of two does not improve a child's language and visual motor skills. Maternal, child and household characteristics seem more influential to a child's brain development. Cognition: Toddlers Do Not Learn By Viewing TV - Read more

HPV: After Vaccination Early Diagnosis Still Necessary

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2008] The recommendations to vaccinate girls and young women against cervical cancer have been in action for two years. The discussions if this measure makes sense continues since vaccinated women still need early stage diagnosis. HPV: After Vaccination Early Diagnosis Still Necessary - Read more

Bedroom: TV Influences Healthy Habits

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/04/2008] Researchers have found that older adolescents who have a bedroom television are less likely to engage in healthy activities such as exercising, eating fruits or vegetables, and enjoying family meals. Bedroom: TV Influences Healthy Habits - Read more

Media: Most Small Infants Regularly Watch TV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/05/2007] Forty percent of three-month-old infants are regularly watching TV, DVDs or videos and that number jumps to 90 percent by age two, according to a research.Media: Most Small Infants Regularly Watch TV - Read more

 
 

More informations and functions

Volume Archives

Foto: Buchstaben

Please click on one of the links to view MEDICA's online photo galleries.

2010 Photo Galleries

2009 Photo Galleries

2008 Photo Galleries