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Photo Galleries 2010

Research: Pharmocogenomics’ Promise to Developing Countries Unfulfilled

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Malaria risk areas [15/04/2014] From 1997 to 2010, despite promises made by the international scientific community, pharmacogenomic research produced few studies focusing on rare, orphan and tropical diseases prevalent in developing countries. Catherine Olivier, bioethics research at the University of Montreal’s School of Public Health, recently published these findings.Research: Pharmocogenomics’ Promise to Developing Countries Unfulfilled - Read more

Supplements: Chromium Helpful in Lowering Blood Sugar Levels?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Sign for Chromium [10/04/2014] As people approach old age, they generally become less outgoing. New research from the University of Gothenburg shows that this change in personality is amplified among people with impaired hearing. The findings emphasise the importance of acknowledging and treating hearing loss in the elderly population.Supplements: Chromium Helpful in Lowering Blood Sugar Levels? - Read more

Elderly : Hearing Loss Affects Old People's Personality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ear [09/04/2014] As people approach old age, they generally become less outgoing. New research from the University of Gothenburg shows that this change in personality is amplified among people with impaired hearing. The findings emphasise the importance of acknowledging and treating hearing loss in the elderly population.Elderly : Hearing Loss Affects Old People's Personality - Read more

Over a Lifetime: Childhood Obesity Costs $19,000 per Child

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Overweight parents kiss their child [08/04/2014] Childhood obesity comes with an estimated price tag of $19,000 per child when comparing lifetime medical costs to those of a normal weight child, according to an analysis led by researchers at the Duke Global Health Institute and Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore. Over a Lifetime: Childhood Obesity Costs $19,000 per Child - Read more

Epidemic in Europe: Researchers Map the Risks of New Virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word dengue from a newspaper [08/04/2014] The risk of dengue fever beginning to spread in Europe is imminent. According to researchers from Umeå University, this is no longer just an issue for the scientific community but also for politicians and policy makers, who need to be prepared and develop preventive measures.Epidemic in Europe: Researchers Map the Risks of New Virus - Read more

Occupational Health: “Employees, who like to contribute their talents, stay healthy”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/04/2014] Dr. Walter Kromm, Master of Public Health, is not just a general practitioner, but also a health advisor for management professionals. During his many years of practical experience, he kept realizing how important employee health is for the health of an entire company.Occupational Health: “Employees, who like to contribute their talents, stay healthy” - Read more

World Parkinson's Day - 04/11/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dopamine molecule [07/04/2014] In the beginning there is a shaking hand or rigidity of muscles that impedes movement in everyday life. Based on several other symptoms that occur over time, physicians finally diagnose Parkinson’s disease.World Parkinson's Day - 04/11/2014 - Read more

RESCUER: “Crowds should take an active part in ensuring their own safety during major events”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/04/2014] Thousands of people push through a tight tunnel: 21 people died while several hundred people were injured this way during the Love Parade 2010 disaster in Duisburg, Germany. Today we know that such disasters could be prevented, if communication between event participants and rescue workers would be better.RESCUER: “Crowds should take an active part in ensuring their own safety during major events” - Read more

HIV: Dealing with Lifelong Treatment in Africa

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: HIV in Africa [31/03/2014] Since 2004, the number of patients on antiretroviral drugs increased 24-fold in Sub-Saharan Africa to 6.9 million. HIV has become a chronic disease which demands lifelong strict adherence to treatment.HIV: Dealing with Lifelong Treatment in Africa - Read more

College Students: Risk of Alcohol-related Cancer Lowers Intention for Binge Drinking

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman vomiting [26/03/2014] Binge drinking for college students has proven to be a huge problem at many universities. The risk of DUI or even death makes it a public health concern that students and administrators need to face. College Students: Risk of Alcohol-related Cancer Lowers Intention for Binge Drinking - Read more

Health from Space: "The secrets of an astronaut's health and fitness"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/03/2014] He is kind of a "Bones" McCoy, since he keeps astronauts fit: Dr. Simon Evetts leads the Medical Projects and Technology team within the Medical Support Office of the European Astronauts Centre in Cologne, Germany. MEDICA.de talked to him about sports in universe, space technology and the benefits for us earthlings.Health from Space: "The secrets of an astronaut's health and fitness" - Read more

Physical Activity: When Mothers are Active So Are Their Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mother and child [24/03/2014] Parents are strong influences in the lives of young children, with patterns of behaviour established in the early years laying the foundation for future choices. A new study suggests that, when it comes to levels of physical activity, it is mothers who set (or don't set) the pace. Physical Activity: When Mothers are Active So Are Their Children - Read more

World Tuberculosis Day - 03/24/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: World Tuberculosis Day [20/03/2014] „Find. Treat. Cure.“ – This sounds simple, but describes the possible solution for a global healthcare burden: tuberculosis. It is intended to defeat the disease until 2050. This is especially difficult in South-East Asia and Africa, because the healthcare systems there “miss” a lot of the patients. The campaign “Find. Treat. Cure.” aims to raise awareness for them.World Tuberculosis Day - 03/24/2014 - Read more

Psychology: New Gene for Bipolar Disorder Discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: In the lab [13/03/2014] Under the direction of scientists from the University of Bonn Hospital, the Central Institute of Mental Health of Mannheim and the University of Basel Hospital, an international collaboration of researchers discovered two new gene regions which are connected with the prevalent disease.Psychology: New Gene for Bipolar Disorder Discovered - Read more

World Kidney Day - 03/13/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Official logo of World Kidney Day [12/03/2014] Up to 1 800 liters – this much blood flows through both human kidneys each day. As long as the organs are healthy, they filter metabolic end-products and toxic substances from the blood and control the body’s water balance. They also regulate the blood pressure this way.World Kidney Day - 03/13/2014 - Read more

Teenagers: Energy Drinks Linked to Health Risks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A can [07/03/2014] The uplifting effects of energy drinks are well advertised, but a new report finds consumption among teenagers may be linked with poor mental health and substance use.Teenagers: Energy Drinks Linked to Health Risks - Read more

Device: Image-guided Robot Targets Brain Tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: [04/03/2014] Researchers have developed a prototype for an MR imaging-compatible robot designed to enable neurosurgeons to remove brain tumors.Device: Image-guided Robot Targets Brain Tumors - Read more

Study: Seven New Genetic Regions Linked to Type 2 Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with syringe [10/02/2014] Seven new genetic regions associated with type 2 diabetes have been identified in the largest study to date of the genetic basis of the disease.Study: Seven New Genetic Regions Linked to Type 2 Diabetes - Read more

Drugs: Geranium Extracts Inhibit HIV-1

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pelargonium Sidoides [03/02/2014] Extracts of the geranium plant Pelargonium sidoides inactivate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and prevent the virus from invading human cells. Scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum München report that these extracts represent a potential new class of anti-HIV-1 agents for the treatment of AIDS.Drugs: Geranium Extracts Inhibit HIV-1 - Read more

World Cancer Day - 02/04/2014

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Official logo of World Cancer Day [29/01/2014] If it can’t get any better, you should stop – says a proverb. Yet, there are counterexamples. A successful health awareness campaign needs to be continued unconditionally, for example, even if many people already noticed it. World Cancer Day, taking place annually at February 4th, is one of these campaigns.World Cancer Day - 02/04/2014 - Read more

Particulate Air Pollution: Cause of Increased Heart Attack Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Exhaust fumes [24/01/2014] Long-term exposure to particulate matter is associated with an increased risk for heart attack. Moreover, this association can already be observed in levels of particulate exposure below the current specified European limit values.Particulate Air Pollution: Cause of Increased Heart Attack Risk - Read more

Eyes: Probability of Blindness from Glaucoma Nearly Halved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [23/01/2014] The probability of blindness due to the serious eye disease glaucoma has decreased by nearly half since 1980, according to a recent study.Eyes: Probability of Blindness from Glaucoma Nearly Halved - Read more

Cancer: Does Europe Have Enough Medical Oncologists?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cancer [20/01/2014] The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has welcomed a recent survey that shows the number of medical oncologists in Western Europe appears to be keeping pace with the rising toll of cancer.Cancer: Does Europe Have Enough Medical Oncologists? - Read more

Status: ADHD Linked to Social and Economic Disadvantage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children [16/01/2014] Scientists have found evidence of a link between social and economic status and childhood attention deficit disorder (ADHD) in the UK.Status: ADHD Linked to Social and Economic Disadvantage - Read more

USA: Exposures to Some Phthalates Fall After Federal Ban

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby and baby bottle [15/01/2014] Americans are being exposed to significantly lower levels of some phthalates that were banned from children's articles in 2008, but exposures to other forms of these chemicals are rising steeply, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.USA: Exposures to Some Phthalates Fall After Federal Ban - Read more

Safety in the Operating Room: “Switzerland is on the Cutting Edge”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2014] In the operating room, it is especially important for the used devices to be safe and tolerable to the human body. Switzerland also shares this point of view. MEDICA.de spoke with Dr. Christoph Röder from the University of Bern about approval procedures and regulations that are being pursued in Swiss operating rooms.Safety in the Operating Room: “Switzerland is on the Cutting Edge” - Read more

Breast Cancer Risk: Angelina Jolie's Preventive Mastectomy Raised Awareness, But Not Knowledge

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Oliver Stone, Angelina Jolie and Colin Farrell [19/12/2013] Angelina Jolie heightened awareness about breast cancer when she announced in a New York Times op-ed that she had undergone a preventive double mastectomy. But a study led by researchers in the University of Maryland School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health reveals that Jolie's story did not unfortunately translate into increased understanding of breast cancer risk. Breast Cancer Risk: Angelina Jolie's Preventive Mastectomy Raised Awareness, But Not Knowledge - Read more

Brain: Chemical Ratios Help Predict Developmental Delays in Preterm Infants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain of infant [17/12/2013] Researchers have identified a potential biomarker for predicting whether a premature infant is at high risk for motor development problems, according to a new study.Brain: Chemical Ratios Help Predict Developmental Delays in Preterm Infants - Read more

Sleeping Sickness: Silencing Signals Sent by Parasite Could Aid Fight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Image of parasite [16/12/2013] A new discovery by scientists could help combat the spread of sleeping sickness.Sleeping Sickness: Silencing Signals Sent by Parasite Could Aid Fight - Read more

Antibiotics: Resistant Typhoid Likely to Spread

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Water samples [11/12/2013] Restricting the use of antibiotics is unlikely to stop the spread of drug resistance in typhoid fever, according to a study funded by the Wellcome Trust.Antibiotics: Resistant Typhoid Likely to Spread - Read more

Cancer: Large Differences in Survival between European Countries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: People [10/12/2013] Cancer survival still varies widely between European countries despite major improvements in cancer diagnosis and treatment during the first decade of the 21st century, according to the latest EUROCARE-5 reports covering over 50% of the adult and 77% of the childhood population of Europe. Cancer: Large Differences in Survival between European Countries - Read more

South Africa: Study Highlights Massive Benefits of HIV Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Map of africa and pills [04/12/2013] Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the treatment of HIV infection has saved 2.8 million years of life in South Africa since 2004 and is projected to save an additional 15.1 million years of life by 2030, according to a new study. South Africa: Study Highlights Massive Benefits of HIV Treatment - Read more

Training Centers: “German medical technology is in demand worldwide, but there is often a lack of skilled personnel”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2013] Markus Kamann is CEO of Paderborn-based Society for Project and Service Management and he knows how high the demand for modern medical technology from Germany is abroad. But technology alone is not enough. It also has to be properly applied, maintained and repaired. It is this expertise which is taught in the gpdm’s technical training centers.Training Centers: “German medical technology is in demand worldwide, but there is often a lack of skilled personnel” - Read more

HIV: New Aggressive Strain Leads to Faster AIDS Development

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: AIDS [29/11/2013] A recently discovered HIV strain leads to significantly faster development of AIDS than currently prevalent forms, according to new research from Lund University in Sweden.HIV: New Aggressive Strain Leads to Faster AIDS Development - Read more

Public Health: Treatment Target Found for Waterborne Pathogen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tab water [27/11/2013] In the developing world, Cryptosporidium parvum has long been the scourge of freshwater. A decade ago, it announced its presence in the United States, infecting over 400,000 people – the largest waterborne-disease outbreak in the country’s history.Public Health: Treatment Target Found for Waterborne Pathogen - Read more

HIV: Computer Models Predict Patients’ Response to Drug

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Analysis [26/11/2013] New computer models predict how patients whose HIV therapy is failing will respond to any new combination of drugs, without the need for an HIV genotype.HIV: Computer Models Predict Patients’ Response to Drug - Read more

Influenza A: Lessons Four Years After the Public Alarm

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy with mask [25/11/2013] Paediatrician Eider Oñate analyzed how the H1N1 virus affected the paediatric population in Gipuzkoa in 2009.Influenza A: Lessons Four Years After the Public Alarm - Read more

Children: CHICA System Improves Autism Screening Rate

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Autism [19/11/2013] An automated system developed by researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University to help pediatricians focus on the specific health needs of each patient in the short time allotted for preventive care improves autism screening rates by identifying at-risk children at the 24-month visit. Nationwide children typically are not diagnosed with autism until age 4½ or 5 years.Children: CHICA System Improves Autism Screening Rate - Read more

Heart Patients: Researchers Develop Formula to Better Calculate 'Bad' Cholesterol

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Graphic of human body [18/11/2013] Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a more accurate way to calculate low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, the so-called "bad" form of blood fat that can lead to hardening of the arteries and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. Heart Patients: Researchers Develop Formula to Better Calculate 'Bad' Cholesterol - Read more

Games: Positive Effects On Young People’s Lives

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Playing Computer Games [15/11/2013] Researchers from Birmingham City University and Birmingham Children’s Hospital are exploring how computer games and game based learning can be applied in the healthcare sector in a bid to boost young people’s understandings of medical conditions that they may be living with and how to best to care for themselves.Games: Positive Effects On Young People’s Lives - Read more

Osteoporosis: 22 Million Women Over 50 Affected in the EU

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: EU Flags [13/11/2013] A recent report issued by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) estimates that more than 22 million women aged between 50-84 years in the European Union (EU) have osteoporosis.Osteoporosis: 22 Million Women Over 50 Affected in the EU - Read more

World Diabetes Day - 11/14/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: World Diabetes Day [11/11/2013] “Protect our Future!” –this is the slogan the International Diabetes Federation IDF chose for World Diabetes Day at November 14th, 2013. The day was established through an UN resolution. It is the second day the international community dedicated to a specific disease after the World AIDS Day.World Diabetes Day - 11/14/2013 - Read more

Type 2 Diabetes: Optimal Care with Obesity

Photo: Prof. Schepp Diabetes mellitus type 2 is among the so-called “lifestyle“ diseases. According to the World Health Organization WHO, 347 million people worldwide are living with diabetes. Ninety percent of them have type 2 diabetes.Type 2 Diabetes: Optimal Care with Obesity - Read more

DiMiMED: Military Medical Service meets the Medical Industry

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/11/2013] Military healthcare professionals often work under difficult conditions. Their equipment needs to be mobile and extremely resilient. Many medical technology manufacturers rise to these challenges, so their equipment meets the safety requirements of the military medical service.DiMiMED: Military Medical Service meets the Medical Industry - Read more

Older Adults: Delaying Age Rather Than Fighting Fatal Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Aging happily [15/10/2013] A new study shows that research to delay aging and the infirmities of old age would have better population health and economic returns than advances in individual fatal diseases such as cancer or heart disease.Older Adults: Delaying Age Rather Than Fighting Fatal Diseases - Read more

New Potential: Nutrient-rich Prairie Fruits

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fruits [10/10/2013] Researchers working at the University of Saskatchewan have discovered new potential in prairie fruits, in particular, buffaloberry, chokecherry and sea buckthorn, according to a new study published today in the Canadian Journal of Plant Science. New Potential: Nutrient-rich Prairie Fruits - Read more

World Arthritis Day - 10/12/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Rheumatism [07/10/2013] Rheumatic and muscosceletal diseases span a lot of different conditions that can have strongly differing forms. Still, most of these conditions have in common that they cause strong pain and reduce the functions of the affected limbs and organs.World Arthritis Day - 10/12/2013 - Read more

Personality: A Key Factor In Health Care Use

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Consulting [27/09/2013] Psychiatrists and psychologists have long understood that an individual's personality can define how he or she views the world around them, reacts to situations, and interacts with others. It now appears that personality traits can be linked to the frequency with which older adults use expensive health care services. Personality: A Key Factor In Health Care Use - Read more

Air Pollution: Death and Disability Down 35 Percent in the US

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Air pollution [24/09/2013] A new study by Arden Pope from Brigham Young University concludes that improvements in U.S. air quality since 1990 have sparked a 35 percent reduction in deaths and disability specifically attributable to air pollution.Air Pollution: Death and Disability Down 35 Percent in the US - Read more

Blood Pressure: Automated Telephone Calls Improve Control

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Telephone [17/09/2013] Patients who received automated telephone calls inviting them to get their blood pressure checked at a walk-in clinic were more likely to have controlled hypertension than patients who did not receive calls.Blood Pressure: Automated Telephone Calls Improve Control - Read more

World Alzheimer's Day - 09/21/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Dementia [16/09/2013] An advancing loss of cognitive abilities, of control about language and motor function and of the ability to master everyday life without help – 35 million people worldwide experience this as they suffer from a dementia illness. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease that has been described for the first time in 1906 by the German neurologist Alois Alzheimer.World Alzheimer's Day - 09/21/2013 - Read more

Drug Resistance: UK Is Not Funding Research Enough

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Research [13/09/2013] Study of funding awarded to antimicrobial resistance research projects in the UK calls for political leadership and sustained and targeted spending.Drug Resistance: UK Is Not Funding Research Enough - Read more

Bones: One-third of Populations Have Low Levels of Vitamin D

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bones [10/09/2013] A new systematic review is one of the first to focus on patterns of vitamin D status worldwide and in key population subgroups, using continuous values for 25(OH)D to improve comparisons.Bones: One-third of Populations Have Low Levels of Vitamin D - Read more

Urban Living: Education Protects Women From Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: woman [09/09/2013] Research into the rise in obesity associated with the burgeoning industrial and service sectors in low- and middle-income countries found that education is a key factor in reducing the negative impact on women’s health.Urban Living: Education Protects Women From Obesity - Read more

Tablet PC in the Operating Room: “With the tablet PC, we have the tools right at the operating table”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/09/2013] The liver is an organ interwoven with numerous blood vessels. Approximately one and a half liters of blood flow through it every minute. This is why it creates a big challenge for surgeons – especially if a tumor needs to be removed.Tablet PC in the Operating Room: “With the tablet PC, we have the tools right at the operating table” - Read more

Cataract: People After Surgery Live Longer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient [06/09/2013] People with cataract-related vision loss who have had cataract surgery to improve their sight are living longer than those with visual impairment who chose not to have the procedure, according to an Australian cohort study.Cataract: People After Surgery Live Longer - Read more

Mechanobiology: Understanding the Mechanics of Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cells [05/09/2013] University of Southampton researchers are at the forefront of research into mechanobiology, an emerging field of science combining biology and engineering, which investigates the influence of mechanical forces on cellular and molecular processes.Mechanobiology: Understanding the Mechanics of Cells - Read more

Finances: Chronic Illness and Food Insecurity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Salad [02/09/2013] Research findings provide direct evidence that people with chronic diseases are more likely to be food insecure - that is suffering from inadequate, insecure access to food as a result of financial constraints.Finances: Chronic Illness and Food Insecurity - Read more

HIV/AIDS: Growing Burden Shifts to Other Regions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: AIDS [30/08/2013] Patients attending clinical nurse specialist clinics do not get inferior treatment to that offered by consultant rheumatologists, the results of a major new clinical trial have revealed.HIV/AIDS: Growing Burden Shifts to Other Regions - Read more

Public Health: Well-being Not a Priority for Workaholics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Workaholic [27/08/2013] Working overtime may cost you your health, according to a Kansas State University doctoral researcher. Sarah Asebedo conducted a study using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979.Public Health: Well-being Not a Priority for Workaholics - Read more

Operation: Tablet PC Supports Liver Surgeons

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tablet PC in OR [20/08/2013] Until now, surgeons have had to memorize the precise location of important blood vessels in organs and where tumors could likely be found and need to be removed. A new app for tablet computers could support surgeons in the future and help them reduce the rate of complications during operations.Operation: Tablet PC Supports Liver Surgeons - Read more

Grandparents and Grandchildren: Strong Relationships Reduce Depression

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Grandparents and grandchild [12/08/2013] A new study shows that grandparents and grandchildren have real, measurable effects on each other's psychological well-being long into grandchildren's adulthood.Grandparents and Grandchildren: Strong Relationships Reduce Depression - Read more

Nutrition: Children Born Small Should Get Moving

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Baby [09/08/2013] Female mice who were growth restricted in the womb were born at a lower birth weight, but were less active and prone to obesity as adults, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital in a report.Nutrition: Children Born Small Should Get Moving - Read more

Biomedicine: Protein Profile of Tumor Cells Decoded

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Protein signatures [09/08/2013] Since proteins are responsible for converting somatic cells into tumor cells, scientists have now decoded the proteome of 59 tumor cell lines – and have found new ways to explain why cancer drugs do not have the same effect on all patients.Biomedicine: Protein Profile of Tumor Cells Decoded - Read more

Drugs: More Opioid Dependence Treatment Needed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drugs [08/08/2013] A new report from Simon Fraser University researcher Bohdan Nosyk calls for the expansion of heroin and opioid medical treatment to stem the increase of overdose deaths.Drugs: More Opioid Dependence Treatment Needed - Read more

Patients: New Tool Helps Detect Delirium

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor and patient [08/08/2013] Researchers have developed a two-minute assessment tool to help hospital staff predict a patient’s risk of delirium, a change in mental cognition characterized by severe confusion and disorientation that can prolong hospital stays.Patients: New Tool Helps Detect Delirium - Read more

Vein Treatment: “With the new method we can restore veins, instead of removing them”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/08/2013] Defective venous valves have long been surgically removed. For the patient this has not only been a major intervention, but it has also been associated with significant side effects. An Argentine medical team has now tested a new laser therapy: The internal valvuloplasty enables the restoration of veins’ function instead of removing them.Vein Treatment: “With the new method we can restore veins, instead of removing them” - Read more

Hypertension Patients: New Inhalable Gene Therapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Inhalation [06/08/2013] The deadly condition known as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which afflicts up to 150,000 Americans each year, may be reversible by using an inhalable gene therapy, report an international team of researchers led by investigators at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.Hypertension Patients: New Inhalable Gene Therapy - Read more

Biochemistry: Distinct Brain Disorders Biologically Linked

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genes [05/08/2013] A team of researchers have shown that schizophrenia and a disorder associated with autism and learning difficulties share a common biological pathway. This is one of the first times that researchers have uncovered genetic evidence for the underlying causes of schizophrenia.Biochemistry: Distinct Brain Disorders Biologically Linked - Read more

Tachycardia: Genetic Cause Discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart rate [01/08/2013] Ventricular fibrillation, loss of consciousness and death in seemingly healthy people: These are the characteristics of the so-called Brugada syndrome. In the search for the causes of this disease, an international team of scientists has now discovered a surprising fact.Tachycardia: Genetic Cause Discovered - Read more

Coronary Artery Disease: Continuously Neglected in Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Male and female [30/07/2013] Despite coronary artery disease (CAD) killing at least as many women as men each year, women are still today less likely to receive preventive recommendations than men at a similar risk level.Coronary Artery Disease: Continuously Neglected in Women - Read more

World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Three Monkeys [22/07/2013] „Hear no evil, speak no evil, see no evil” – this is a Buddhist maxim that is symbolized by the widely known image of the Three Wise Monkeys. While it means being good in Asia, it expresses the ignorance towards bad things in the western world.World Hepatitis Day - 07/28/2013 - Read more

Virology: “It is critical to have networks to fight against viral diseases”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/07/2013] Many viral infections take a harmless course or can be prevented completely through vaccination. On the other hand, some infectious diseases that are known for a long time cannot be cured or prevented yet. Other viruses again just recently become focused by research as a potential health risk for humans since they have only been found in animals before.Virology: “It is critical to have networks to fight against viral diseases” - Read more

Good Vibrations: Mediating Mood Through Brain Ultrasound

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Stuart Hameroff tested the method [19/07/2013] Ultrasound vibrations applied to the brain may affect mood, University of Arizona researchers have discovered. The finding potentially could lead to new treatments for psychological and psychiatric disorders.Good Vibrations: Mediating Mood Through Brain Ultrasound - Read more

Influenza: Some H7N9 Strains Resistant to Antivirals

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Viruses [17/07/2013] Some strains of the avian H7N9 influenza that emerged in China this year have developed resistance to the only antiviral drugs available to treat the infection.Influenza: Some H7N9 Strains Resistant to Antivirals - Read more

Flu: Prior Exposure Dictates Future Immunity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Researcher [16/07/2013] A team of scientists, led by researchers at The Wistar Institute, has determined that it might be possible to stimulate the immune system against multiple strains of influenza virus.Flu: Prior Exposure Dictates Future Immunity - Read more

Donation: Eyes Are the Prize

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eye [15/07/2013] Far more people are willing to donate their eyes to research than actually are registered to donate, according to a study led by a Michigan State University student.Donation: Eyes Are the Prize - Read more

Disease Research: Stem Cell Clues Uncovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fruit fly testis [15/07/2013] Proper tissue function and regeneration is supported by stem cells, which reside in so-called niches. New work from Carnegie's Yixian Zheng and Haiyang Chen identifies an important component for regulating stem cell niches, with impacts on tissue building and function. The results could have implications for disease research.Disease Research: Stem Cell Clues Uncovered - Read more

Infectious Disease: New Class of Antimalarial Compunds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mosquito [11/07/2013] In a current work researchers at the Instituto de Medicina Molecular (IMM), in Lisbon, Portugal, report about the discovery of a new class of highly potent antimalarial compounds.Infectious Disease: New Class of Antimalarial Compunds - Read more

Cells: Technological Breakthrough for Better Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Path of drugs [08/07/2013] Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed the first method for directly measuring the extent to which drugs reach their targets in the cell. The method could make a significant contribution to the development of new, improved drug substances.Cells: Technological Breakthrough for Better Drugs - Read more

Pediatrics: Gene Therapy Cures Neurodegenerative Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child in a hospital [03/07/2013] A single session of a gene therapy developed by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) cures Sanfilippo Syndrome A in animal models. This syndrome is a neurodegenerative disease that affects between 1 and 9 out of every 100,000 children, and causes the death of the child on reaching adolescence.Pediatrics: Gene Therapy Cures Neurodegenerative Disease - Read more

DNA Helps: Speed Detection of Coronary Artery Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart [02/07/2013] DNA fragments in your blood may someday help doctors quickly learn if chest pain means you have narrowed heart arteries, according to a new study.DNA Helps: Speed Detection of Coronary Artery Disease - Read more

Medical Technology Exports: Demand Is Increasing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2013] Exports move all over the world. Countless goods – ranging from foods to technology – from hundreds of countries travel the world every day and supply the different markets. The medical technology sector is also a part of this. The demand for medical equipment keeps increasing and prompts more and more companies to offer their products in foreign markets.Medical Technology Exports: Demand Is Increasing - Read more

Training Centers: “German medical technology is in demand worldwide, but there is often a lack of skilled personnel”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/07/2013] Markus Kamann is CEO of Paderborn-based Society for Project and Service Management and he knows how high the demand for modern medical technology from Germany is abroad. But technology alone is not enough. It also has to be properly applied, maintained and repaired. It is this expertise which is taught in the gpdm’s technical training centers.Training Centers: “German medical technology is in demand worldwide, but there is often a lack of skilled personnel” - Read more

Antibiotics: Way of Delivery Could Mitigate Resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Medication [28/06/2013] New research suggests that the rapid rise of antibiotic resistance correlates with oral ingestion of antibiotics, raising the possibility that other routes of administration could reduce the spread of resistance.Antibiotics: Way of Delivery Could Mitigate Resistance - Read more

Liver: Drug-induced Injury Is on the Rise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Drugs [27/06/2013] More people are being affected by drug-induced liver injury (DILI) than ever before, according to a new study.Liver: Drug-induced Injury Is on the Rise - Read more

Cola and Honey: Exploring Food Riddles in Rhythm Disturbances

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Rhododendron and a bee [25/06/2013] Drinking excessive amounts of cola and eating honey made from the pollen of Rhododendrons can cause unusual syncope (fainting) and symptoms of arrhythmia, report two case studies.Cola and Honey: Exploring Food Riddles in Rhythm Disturbances - Read more

Heart Diseases: Gender Differences Among Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man und woman sleep [18/06/2013] Many women get too little sleep, despite considerable evidence showing the importance of sleep to overall health. Now a new study of the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) has discovered another reason why inadequate sleep may be harmful, especially to women and their hearts.Heart Diseases: Gender Differences Among Patients - Read more

Prostate Cancer: New Technology for Individualized Treatments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor and patient [18/06/2013] A research team have enhanced a device they developed to identify and "grab" circulating tumor cells, or CTCs, that break away from cancers and enter the blood, often leading to the spread of cancer to other parts of the body.Prostate Cancer: New Technology for Individualized Treatments - Read more

Neurology: Testing Method for Spinal Cord Injuries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Laboratory [17/06/2013] A medical test previously developed to measure a toxin found in tobacco smokers has been adapted to measure the same toxin in people suffering from spinal cord injuries and multiple sclerosis, offering a potential tool to reduce symptoms.Neurology: Testing Method for Spinal Cord Injuries - Read more

Oncology: Using Math to Kill Cancer Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Math [17/06/2013] Researchers outline how advanced mathematical modelling can be used in the fight against cancer. The technique predicts how different treatments and genetic modifications might allow cancer-killing, oncolytic viruses to overcome the natural defences that cancer cells use to stave off viral infection.Oncology: Using Math to Kill Cancer Cells - Read more

World Blood Donor Day - 06/14/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood types [11/06/2013] „Blood is a quite peculiar juice” is what Mephisto from Goethe’s “Faust” already knew and the vernacular says “Blood is thicker than water” to back him up. Both statements have a point from a medical perspective: The blood stream transports oxygen and nutrients through the body and sustains us this way. And nearly half of the blood is made of solid components, especially red blood cells.World Blood Donor Day - 06/14/2013 - Read more

Herpes: Virus Exploits Immune Response to Bolster Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Herpes virus on the lips [10/06/2013] Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and colleagues discovered that the herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1), which affects an estimated 50 to 80 percent of all American adults, exploits an immune system receptor to boost its infectivity and ability to cause disease.Herpes: Virus Exploits Immune Response to Bolster Infection - Read more

Infections: Malaria's Deadly Grip Revealed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood [07/06/2013] Researchers have identified how malaria parasites growing inside red blood cells stick to the sides of blood vessels in severe cases of malaria. The discovery may advance the development of vaccines or drugs to combat severe malaria by stopping the parasites attaching to blood vessels.Infections: Malaria's Deadly Grip Revealed - Read more

Antibiotics: New Hope Against Resistant Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Anthrax cells [05/06/2013] Diseases such as tuberculosis, anthrax, and shigellosis -- a severe food-borne illness -- eventually could be treated with an entirely new and more-effective kind of antibiotic.Antibiotics: New Hope Against Resistant Diseases - Read more

Multiple Sclerosis: Enhanced White Blood Cells Heal Mice

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Damaged cells [03/06/2013] Genetically engineered immune cells seem to promote healing in mice infected with a neurological disease similar to multiple sclerosis (MS), cleaning up lesions and allowing the mice to regain use of their legs and tails.Multiple Sclerosis: Enhanced White Blood Cells Heal Mice - Read more

Infection: Strategy to Help Vaccines Outsmart HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: HIV [28/05/2013] A new discovery at Oregon Health & Science University highlights an ingenious method to ensure the body effectively reacts when infected with the highly evasive HIV virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).Infection: Strategy to Help Vaccines Outsmart HIV - Read more

Children: Drug Targets in Genetic Tumor Disorder Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: DNA [27/05/2013] Two mutations central to the development of infantile myofibromatosis (IM) — a disorder characterized by multiple tumors involving the skin, bone, and soft tissue — may provide new therapeutic targets, according to researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.Children: Drug Targets in Genetic Tumor Disorder Identified - Read more

Catheter: Efficacy and Safety in Asian Patients Confirmed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Asian man and woman [27/05/2013] Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is effective and safe in Asian patients, according to early experience based on first results from a multicentre Asian registry.Catheter: Efficacy and Safety in Asian Patients Confirmed - Read more

World Multiple Sclerosis Day - 05/29/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Multiple Sclerosis Ribbon [24/05/2013] Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease. Its different manifestations cause progressive forms of disability that strongly vary in severity. More than two million people are affected worldwide. For their whole lifetime, they have to deal both with the disease itself and its effects, once it has emerged.World Multiple Sclerosis Day - 05/29/2013 - Read more

Cancer Research: New Molecule as a Tumour Killer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cells [22/05/2013] Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and Lund University, Sweden, have bioengineered a novel molecule which has been proven to successfully kill tumour cells.Cancer Research: New Molecule as a Tumour Killer - Read more

Diarrhea: Results in Developing Oral Vaccin

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with diarrhea [22/05/2013] The University of Gothenburg Vaccine Research Institute (GUVAX) announces successful results in a placebo controlled phase I study of an oral, inactivated Escherichia coli diarrhea vaccine.Diarrhea: Results in Developing Oral Vaccin - Read more

Infection: Leading Explanations for Whooping Cough's Resurgence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Girl and doctor [21/05/2013] Whooping cough has exploded in the United States and some other developed countries in recent decades, and many experts suspect ineffective childhood vaccines for the alarming resurgence.Infection: Leading Explanations for Whooping Cough's Resurgence - Read more

Public Health: 50 Percent Increase in ICU Admissions

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Patient hand [15/05/2013] A study of the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services (SPHHS) researchers offers an in-depth look at hospitals nationwide and admissions to intensive care units (ICU). The study finds a sharp increase — nearly 50 percent — in ICU admissions coming from United States’ emergency departments.Public Health: 50 Percent Increase in ICU Admissions - Read more

Cells: Tumor-activated Protein Promotes Cancer Spread

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Metastasis [15/05/2013] Researchers at the University of California report that cancers physically alter cells in the lymphatic system – a network of vessels that transports and stores immune cells throughout the body – to promote the spread of disease, a process called metastasis.Cells: Tumor-activated Protein Promotes Cancer Spread - Read more

Malaria: Tool Shows which Kids at Greatest Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with malaria with doctors [10/05/2013] Researchers at Michigan State University have identified a test that can determine which children with malaria are likely to develop cerebral malaria, a much more life-threatening form of the disease.Malaria: Tool Shows which Kids at Greatest Risk - Read more

Matrix: Cells Control Neuronal Connections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Neuron in the net [07/05/2013] Environment moulds behaviour - and not just that of people in society, but also at the microscopic level. This is because, for their function, neurons are dependent on the cell environment, the so-termed extracellular matrix. Matrix: Cells Control Neuronal Connections - Read more

Nanomaterial Toxicity: Stage for Policies to Address Health Risks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Laboratory [07/05/2013] For the first time, researchers from institutions around the United States have conducted an identical series of toxicology tests evaluating lung-related health impacts associated with widely used engineered nanomaterials (ENMs).Nanomaterial Toxicity: Stage for Policies to Address Health Risks - Read more

Healthcare: Toxic Metals Found in Lipstick

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lipstick [06/05/2013] Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley's School of Public Health tested 32 different lipsticks and lip glosses commonly found in drugstores and department stores. They detected lead, cadmium, chromium, aluminum and five other metals, some of which were found at levels that could raise potential health concerns.Healthcare: Toxic Metals Found in Lipstick - Read more

Stress: Persistent Pain Has a Neurobiological Basis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman has pain [03/05/2013] A new study led by University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers is the first to identify a genetic risk factor for persistent pain after traumatic events such as motor vehicle collision and sexual assault.Stress: Persistent Pain Has a Neurobiological Basis - Read more

Influenza: Potential Novel Treatment Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Virus [03/05/2013] An experimental drug has shown promise in treating influenza, preventing lung injury and death from the virus in preclinical studies, according to University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers. The scientists found that a drug called Eritoran can protect mice from death after they have been infected with a lethal dose of influenza virus.Influenza: Potential Novel Treatment Found - Read more

World Asthma Day - 05/07/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with asthma [03/05/2013] On May 7th, 2013, the World Asthma Day will take place under the motto „You Can Control Your Asthma“. It was initiated in 1998 by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). On this day, organizations and associations worldwide inform about the chronic respiratory disease and call on the affected persons to control it.World Asthma Day - 05/07/2013 - Read more

Genetics: The Many Faces of the Bacterial Defense System

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteria [02/05/2013] Even bacteria have a kind of immune system they use to defend themselves against unwanted intruders – in their case, viruses. Scientists at the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research (HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany, were now able to show that this defense system is much more diverse than previously thought and that it comes in multiple versions.Genetics: The Many Faces of the Bacterial Defense System - Read more

Health Insurance Survey: 84 Million People Were Uninsured

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Waiting room [26/04/2013] Eighty-four million people ― nearly half of all working-age adults in the United States ―went without health insurance for a time last year or had out-of-pocket costs that were so high relative to their income they were considered underinsured, according to the Commonwealth Fund 2012 Biennial Health Insurance Survey.Health Insurance Survey: 84 Million People Were Uninsured - Read more

Brain: Atrophy Associated with Multiple Sclerosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain [25/04/2013] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of atrophy in an important area of the brain are an accurate predictor of multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a new study. According to the researchers, these atrophy measurements offer an improvement over current methods for evaluating patients at risk for MS.Brain: Atrophy Associated with Multiple Sclerosis - Read more

Leukemia: New Drug Combination Therapy Developed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood clots [19/04/2013] A new, pre-clinical study by researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center suggests that a novel drug combination could lead to profound leukemia cell death by disrupting the function of two major pro-survival proteins.Leukemia: New Drug Combination Therapy Developed - Read more

World Malaria Day - 04/25/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: World Malaria Day logo 2013 [19/04/2013] About 219 million people around the world suffer from malaria; nearly one million of them die from it annually. Almost 90 percent of the victims are children under 5 years of age. For this reason, each year at April 25th the progress in the fight against malaria is highlighted.World Malaria Day - 04/25/2013 - Read more

Haiti: Cholera Mutations Could Lead to Severe Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Bacteria [17/04/2013] The cholera strain that transferred to Haiti in 2010 has multiple toxin gene mutations that may account for the severity of disease and is evolving to be more like a 1800s version of cholera, reports a new Northwestern University study.Haiti: Cholera Mutations Could Lead to Severe Disease - Read more

AIDS: Training Gives Kids of Patients a Leg Up

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Children [12/04/2013] A simple in-home training program for caregivers can give children of AIDS patients a better shot at prosperity by improving their early-childhood development, according to a study led by a Michigan State University (MSU) researcher.AIDS: Training Gives Kids of Patients a Leg Up - Read more

Dengue: Global Burden Is Triple Current Estimates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Globe and stethoscope [09/04/2013] The global burden of dengue infection is more than triple current estimates from the World Health Organization, according to a multinational study.Dengue: Global Burden Is Triple Current Estimates - Read more

World Health Day - 04/07/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart within globe [07/04/2013] The World Health Organization celebrates its founding April 7th in 1948 with the World Health Day. This day is dedicated to another current health topic each year. In 2013, the focus is on high blood pressure (hypertension).World Health Day - 04/07/2013 - Read more

New Device: Capture of Circulating Tumor Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Device [04/04/2013] A new system for isolating rare circulating tumor cells (CTCs) – living solid tumor cells found at low levels in the bloodstream – shows significant improvement over previously developed devices and does not require prior identification of tumor-specific target molecules.New Device: Capture of Circulating Tumor Cells - Read more

Directly in the Brain: New Nerve Cells Formed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain cells [28/03/2013] The field of cell therapy, which aims to form new cells in the body in order to cure disease, has taken another important step in the development towards new treatments. A new report from researchers at Lund University in Sweden shows that it is possible to re-programme other cells to become nerve cells, directly in the brain.Directly in the Brain: New Nerve Cells Formed - Read more

Diabetes: Insulin Pumps Impact Quality of Life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Insulin pump [27/03/2013] Being treated for diabetes with an insulin pump, an aid that is attached to the body to provide a continuous supply of insulin, has a strong impact on a person’s quality of life. The pump can be a lifeline, but also a bothersome shackle. This is shown in a unique long-term study performed at the Dalarna University, Sweden in collaboration with the Uppsala University and Umeå University.Diabetes: Insulin Pumps Impact Quality of Life - Read more

Multiple Sclerosis: The Thalamus Moves into the Spotlight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Thalamus [25/03/2013] A growing body of research by multiple sclerosis (MS) investigators at the University at Buffalo (UB) and international partners is providing powerful new evidence that the brain’s gray matter reflects important changes in the disease that could allow clinicians to diagnose earlier and to better monitor and predict how the disease will progress.Multiple Sclerosis: The Thalamus Moves into the Spotlight - Read more

Nurses: Key Role to Reduce Deaths

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Abilities of nurses [20/03/2013] A report by World Health Organization and University of California – Los Angeles (UCLA) School of Nursing shows that nursing and midwifery can have major impact on lifestyles changes and health outcomes.Nurses: Key Role to Reduce Deaths - Read more

Hip Implant Patients: Unexplained Pain by Tissue Damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hip implant [20/03/2013] The cause of unexplained pain among metal-on-metal hip implant patients is more likely to be tissue damage than wear of the implant, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) researchers have found.Hip Implant Patients: Unexplained Pain by Tissue Damage - Read more

HPV: Parents Won’t Vaccinate Their Daughters

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Teen at the doctor [18/03/2013] A rising percentage of parents say they won’t have their teen daughters vaccinated to protect against the human papilloma virus, even though physicians are increasingly recommending adolescent vaccinations, a study by Mayo Clinic and others shows.HPV: Parents Won’t Vaccinate Their Daughters - Read more

Flu: Predicting Hotspots for Future Outbreaks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Flu [18/03/2013] This year's unusually long and rocky flu season would be nothing compared to the pandemic that could occur if bird flu became highly contagious among humans, which is why researchers of the University of California – Los Angeles (UCLA) and their colleagues are creating new ways to predict where an outbreak could emerge.Flu: Predicting Hotspots for Future Outbreaks - Read more

Kidney Injury: Potential Early Indicator Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Researcher [15/03/2013] A guidance cue that helps kidneys form may also be a red flag that they are in danger, researchers of Georgia Regents University report.Kidney Injury: Potential Early Indicator Identified - Read more

World Kidney Day - 03/14/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Kidneys [14/03/2013] World Kidney Day is celebrated the second thursday in march since 2006. It is intended to raise awareness for the importance of our kidneys to overall health. “Kidneys for Life – Stop Kidney Attack!” – this is the slogan 2013.World Kidney Day - 03/14/2013 - Read more

Laser Scalpel: Current Research Promises Gentle Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/03/2013] [Intro:] The Picosecond Infrared Laser (PIRL), which was developed at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), is intended to precisely cut down to the cell when used as a laser scalpel. During surgery, it avoids injuries to nerves or blood vessels and barely leaves any scarring.Laser Scalpel: Current Research Promises Gentle Surgery - Read more

Acute Aortic Dissection: Mortality Near 1 Percent per Hour

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart [13/03/2013] The belief among medical professionals in the 1950s that the mortality rate for type A acute aortic dissection during the initial 24 hours was one to two percent per hour appears to hold true in the contemporary era of treatment, based on a review of the large-scale IRAD registry of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Scientific Sessions.Acute Aortic Dissection: Mortality Near 1 Percent per Hour - Read more

Surgical Robots: Development Sector with a Future

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/03/2013] These days, robot-assisted surgery is part of the daily routine in many operating rooms. High precision and gentle surgery speak in favor of robotic surgery. However, high costs not just for the equipment, but also for its maintenance argue against it. Nevertheless, this development sector has a promising future.Surgical Robots: Development Sector with a Future - Read more

National Health: UK Lags Behind Europe

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Health in UK [12/03/2013] A new paper reveals that UK lags behind much of Europe on key measures of health: British people spend more time with chronic illness and disability than most Europeans. Young adults are hit hard by alcohol and drug use.National Health: UK Lags Behind Europe - Read more

Children: Personalized Medicine Eliminates Need for Drug

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genes [01/02/2013] Using genome-wide analysis, investigators at the University of Montreal have potentially eliminated a lifetime drug prescription that two children with a previously unknown type of adrenal insufficiency had been receiving for 14 years. Children: Personalized Medicine Eliminates Need for Drug - Read more

Well Hidden: New Understanding of Latent Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung in X-Ray [31/01/2013] Forsyth scientists have gained new insight on how Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global epidemic. Although drugs have been available for 50 years, TB still infects nearly 2.2 billion people worldwide and causes 1.7 million annual deaths.Well Hidden: New Understanding of Latent Tuberculosis - Read more

World Cancer Day - 02/04/2013

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/01/2013] World Cancer Day 2013 will focus on Target 5 of the World Cancer Declaration by the Union of International Cancer Control (UICC): Until 2020, public attitudes towards cancer will improve. Under the tagline "Cancer - Did You Know?" damaging myths and misconceptions about the disease will be dispelled this year.World Cancer Day - 02/04/2013 - Read more

Neurology: Oxygen Chamber Can Boost Brain Repair

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Brain [24/01/2013] Doctor Shai Efrati of Tel Aviv University has found a way to restore a significant amount of neurological function in brain tissue thought to be chronically damaged — even years after initial injury.Neurology: Oxygen Chamber Can Boost Brain Repair - Read more

Hypertension: Black Patients Not Prescribed Diuretics Enough

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Measuring blood pressure [23/01/2013] A research study of more than 600 black patients with uncontrolled hypertension found that less than half were prescribed a diuretic drug with proven benefit that costs just pennies a day, report researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College.Hypertension: Black Patients Not Prescribed Diuretics Enough - Read more

Molecular Forces: Key to Proper Cell Division

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Chromokinesin [22/01/2013] Studies led by cell biologist Thomas Maresca at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are revealing new details about a molecular surveillance system that helps detect and correct errors in cell division that can lead to cell death or human diseases.Molecular Forces: Key to Proper Cell Division - Read more

Schizophrenia: New Findings on Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Head pain [22/01/2013] A new study from Lund University in Sweden and Stanford University in the United States shows that the average life expectancy of men and women with schizophrenia is 15 years and 12 years shorter respectively than for those who do not suffer from the disease.Schizophrenia: New Findings on Mortality - Read more

Blood Test: Identifying Trauma Patients at Risk of Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Blood test [18/01/2013] A simple, inexpensive blood test performed on trauma patients upon admission can help doctors easily identify patients at greatest risk of death, according to a new study by researchers at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City.Blood Test: Identifying Trauma Patients at Risk of Death - Read more

HIV: Treatment Strategy Could Save 1 Billion Dollars

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: HIV [16/01/2013] Replacing the combination of brand-name, antiretroviral drugs currently recommended for control of HIV infection with soon-to-be-available generic medications could be saved 1 billion Dollars a year but may diminish the effectiveness of HIV treatment.HIV: Treatment Strategy Could Save 1 Billion Dollars - Read more

Patients: Weight Gain After a Knee Replacement Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Knees [16/01/2013] Patients who undergo knee replacement surgery may be at risk of gaining more weight than their peers who have not had the surgery, according to a five-year study led by a Virginia Commonwealth University professor.Patients: Weight Gain After a Knee Replacement Surgery - Read more

Prostate Cancer: Costs and Effectiveness of Therapies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man's investigation [08/01/2013] A study of researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), compares how the major types of prostate cancer treatments stack up to each other in terms of saving lives and cost effectiveness.Prostate Cancer: Costs and Effectiveness of Therapies - Read more

Health: Italian Immigrants Live Longer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Italian food [08/01/2013] Immigrants from Italy live longer than members of their host country. However, the risk of mortality is considerably higher for their offspring than their Swiss counterparts. More exposed to the influences of the host country, the second generation detaches itself from the healthy southern, as a study conducted by the University of Zurich’s Institute of Social and Preventative Medicine reveals.Health: Italian Immigrants Live Longer - Read more

The Pain Puzzle: How Morphine Increases Pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Morphine [07/01/2013] For individuals with agonizing pain, it is a cruel blow when the gold-standard medication actually causes more pain. Adults and children whose pain gets worse when treated with morphine may be closer to a solution, based on a research.The Pain Puzzle: How Morphine Increases Pain - Read more

Women: Low Wages Linked with Hypertension

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor and patient [04/01/2013] Workers earning the lowest wages have a higher risk of hypertension than workers with the highest wages, according to new research from University of California Davis.Women: Low Wages Linked with Hypertension - Read more

Genes: Heart Cells Become 'Biological Pacemakers'

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Heart cells [17/12/2012] Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute researchers have reprogrammed ordinary heart cells to become exact replicas of highly specialized pacemaker cells by injecting a single gene (Tbx18) – a major step forward in the search for a biological therapy to correct erratic heartbeats.Genes: Heart Cells Become 'Biological Pacemakers' - Read more

Age: Longevity Increases Not Benefitting Everybody

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Elderly people [17/12/2012] Global lifespans have risen dramatically in the past 40 years, but the increased life expectancy is not benefitting everybody equally, say University of Toronto researchers. In particular, adult males from low- and middle-income countries are losing ground.Age: Longevity Increases Not Benefitting Everybody - Read more

Report: Massive Shifts in the World Health Landscape

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: World Health [14/12/2012] Globally, health advances present most people with a devastating irony: avoid premature death but live longer and sicker. That is one of the main findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010).Report: Massive Shifts in the World Health Landscape - Read more

Physicians: One in Four Uses Social Media Daily

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician on computer [11/12/2012] A new survey shows that about one in four physicians uses social media daily or multiple times a day to scan or explore medical information, and 14 percent use social media each day to contribute new information, according to the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.Physicians: One in Four Uses Social Media Daily - Read more

Surgery: Checklist Can Reduce Costly Complications

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Surgical team [10/12/2012] As the nation grapples with surging health care costs, researchers have confirmed two simple cost-effective methods to reduce expensive postoperative complications — communications team training and a surgical checklist.Surgery: Checklist Can Reduce Costly Complications - Read more

Cancer: Drag-and-drop DNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Pharmaceutical molecules [07/12/2012] Using a simple "drag-and-drop" computer interface and DNA self-assembly techniques, researchers have developed a new approach for drug development that could drastically reduce the time required to create and test medications.Cancer: Drag-and-drop DNA - Read more

World-AIDS-Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/11/2012] UNAIDS, the AIDS-organization of the United Nations, reports a decline in new HIV infections by more than 50 percent. Yet AIDS is still a serious threat to people all over the world. For this reason, every year on the 1st of December, World AIDS Day takes place.World-AIDS-Day - Read more

World AIDS Day Report: 50 Percent Drop in New HIV Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Red ribbon and the earth [26/11/2012] A new World AIDS Day report: Results, by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), shows that unprecedented acceleration in the AIDS response is producing results for people.World AIDS Day Report: 50 Percent Drop in New HIV Infections - Read more

Influenza: Replication Machinery of Viruses Described

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Influenza virus [23/11/2012] Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made a major advance in understanding how flu viruses replicate within infected cells.Influenza: Replication Machinery of Viruses Described - Read more

Damaged Nerve Cells: Step Forward in Regenerating and Repairing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Nerve cells [23/11/2012] A team of researchers from the Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal (IRCM), led by Doctor Frédéric Charron, recently uncovered a nerve cell’s internal clock, used during embryonic development.Damaged Nerve Cells: Step Forward in Regenerating and Repairing - Read more

Tuberculosis: New Test Could Improve Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Man coughing [22/11/2012] A new rapid test for tuberculosis (TB) could substantially and cost-effectively reduce TB deaths and improve treatment in southern Africa — a region where both HIV and tuberculosis are common — according to a new study by Harvard School of Public researchers.Tuberculosis: New Test Could Improve Treatment - Read more

MEDICA 2012: „We are very pleased with the fair. We had lots of visitors at our stand every day”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/11/2012] CompuGroup Medical is one of the biggest exhibitors on MEDICA from the field of medical IT. In this year again, they have presented their products and solutions at a shared stand in hall 15. In the concluding interview from the last fair day, Volker Hess, Head of Marketing & Communications CER of CompuGroup Medical, told MEDICA.de that he is very pleased with the way the trade fair has gone.MEDICA 2012: „We are very pleased with the fair. We had lots of visitors at our stand every day” - Read more

Stroke: When Helper Cells Become Harmful

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: MRI-Images [19/11/2012] In case of strokes, the immune system contributes to the brain injury. Scientists of the Universities of Würzburg and Münster, Germany, now show for the first time in which way certain T helper cells are involved in the process.Stroke: When Helper Cells Become Harmful - Read more

Diabetes: Options for Leaders to Reduce Costs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Insulin test [16/11/2012] Alliance to Reduce Disparities in Diabetes calls for national decision makers to consider local experience in reducing disparities in diabetes as health reform implementation advances.Diabetes: Options for Leaders to Reduce Costs - Read more

Materials: Touch-sensitive Plastic Skin Heals Itself

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Skin with scar [13/11/2012] Professor Zhenan Bao and her team of he Stanford School of Engineering has succeeded in making the first material that can both sense subtle pressure and heal itself when torn or cut.Materials: Touch-sensitive Plastic Skin Heals Itself - Read more

Social Media: Physicians Fail to Disclose Conflicts of Interest

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Doctor on computer [12/11/2012] As the use of Twitter and other social media by physicians and patients rises, more and more physicians seem to forget to do what many consider crucial for building doctor-patient trust: disclose potential conflicts of interest.Social Media: Physicians Fail to Disclose Conflicts of Interest - Read more

Diagnostics: Collaboration for the Developing World

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Virus in sight [09/11/2012] The International Diagnostics Centre (IDC), a global research collaboration hub, at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) will to undertake innovative research on new diagnostic tests to diagnose patients faster, more accurately and cost effectively.Diagnostics: Collaboration for the Developing World - Read more

Smoking Bans: Fewer Hospitalizations and Deaths

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Smoking publicly [09/11/2012] Laws that end smoking at work and other public places result in significantly fewer hospitalizations for heart attacks, strokes, asthma and other respiratory conditions, a new analysis from the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) has found.Smoking Bans: Fewer Hospitalizations and Deaths - Read more

Autism: Early Treatment Sparks Striking Brain Changes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Child with autism [08/11/2012] When given early treatment, children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) made significant improvements in behavior, communication, and most strikingly, brain function, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study.Autism: Early Treatment Sparks Striking Brain Changes - Read more

More Effective Treatment: Cancer Data in The "Cloud"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Cancer graphic [07/11/2012] Storing music and photos on distant computers via "cloud" technology is nothing new. But Johns Hopkins researchers are now using this tactic to collect detailed information from thousands of cancer cell samples.More Effective Treatment: Cancer Data in The "Cloud" - Read more

Korean Men: Increased Risk for Death from Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Korean man [07/11/2012] Measuring blood levels of high-sensitive C-reactive protein, an important marker of inflammation, in apparently cancer-free men could potentially help identify those at increased risk for death from cancer, in particular lung cancer, according to a research.Korean Men: Increased Risk for Death from Cancer - Read more

CeramTec: “Every 30 seconds a hip joint prosthesis by CeramTec is implanted”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/11/2012] High quality ceramic products play an increasingly important role in medical technology. From lithotripters about hip prosthesis up to anesthesia devices – Advanced Ceramic is used in a variety of medical equipments, but also in the human body.CeramTec: “Every 30 seconds a hip joint prosthesis by CeramTec is implanted” - Read more

Cardiology: Softening Arteries, Protecting The Heart

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Collagen in cells [02/11/2012] Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Wistar Institute, and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have discovered that the protein apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays a major role in maintaining arterial softness by suppressing production of the extracellular matrix, a network of connective tissue in the body.Cardiology: Softening Arteries, Protecting The Heart - Read more

Europe: Improving Medical Research Education

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/10/2012] Fostering and improving medical research education is crucial to biomedical research and clinical patient treatment, and as such it has been identified as the main challenge in every joint European Science Foundation (ESF) - European Research Medical Councils (EMRC) strategy report. Europe: Improving Medical Research Education - Read more

Nanotechnology: Feeling the Force of Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/10/2012] The research group of Professor Roderick Lim in collaboration with Doctor Cora-Ann Schönenberger from the University of Basel, reveal how the unique nanomechanical properties of breast cancer cells are fundamental to the process of metastasis.Nanotechnology: Feeling the Force of Cancer - Read more

Health Care Services: Strategy for "Choosing Wisely"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/10/2012] Cutting the expenses associated with "low-value" medical tests and treatments – such as unnecessary imaging tests and antibiotics for viral infections that won't benefit from them – will require a multi-pronged plan targeting insurance companies, patients, and physicians, according to a study of the University of Pennsylvania.Health Care Services: Strategy for "Choosing Wisely" - Read more

Children: Electronic Devices Linked to Poor Sleep And Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/10/2012] Children who bask in the nighttime glow of a TV or computer do not get enough rest and suffer from poor lifestyle habits, new research from the University of Alberta has shown.Children: Electronic Devices Linked to Poor Sleep And Obesity - Read more

No Advantage: Blood Stem Cells Versus Bone Marrow

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/10/2012] Doctor Claudio Anasetti of the Department of Blood & Marrow Transplant at Moffitt Cancer Center, and colleagues from 47 research sites conducted a two-year clinical trial comparing two-year survival probabilities for patients transplanted with peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow stem cells from unrelated donors.No Advantage: Blood Stem Cells Versus Bone Marrow - Read more

Medical Textiles: Eliminating Infectious Bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/10/2012] Researchers of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) have improved the antimicrobial properties of medical textiles using an enzymatic pre-treatment combined with simultaneous deposition of nanoparticles and biopolymers under ultrasonic irradiation.Medical Textiles: Eliminating Infectious Bacteria - Read more

World Osteoporosis Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/10/2012] World Osteoporosis Day was observed annually on 20 October, and launches a year-long campaign dedicated to raising global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease.World Osteoporosis Day - Read more

Young People: Epidemic of Prescription Drug Abuse

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/10/2012] A new study by the University of Colorado Denver reveals that today's adolescents are abusing prescription pain medications like vicodin, valium and oxycontin at a rate 40 percent higher than previous generations.Young People: Epidemic of Prescription Drug Abuse - Read more

HIV: Decline in Deaths for Most Men and Women

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/10/2012] Overall death rates due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection declined over time between 1993 and 2007 for most men and women by race/ethnicity and educational levels, with the largest absolute decreases for nonwhites, but rates remain high among blacks, according to a study.HIV: Decline in Deaths for Most Men and Women - Read more

Canada: Fast-tracked Drug Approvals Can Put Public at Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/10/2012] Drugs streamed into Health Canada's accelerated review process are more likely to be withdrawn from the market or earn a serious safety warning than those that undergo the standard review, according to a study of York University.Canada: Fast-tracked Drug Approvals Can Put Public at Risk - Read more

Public Health: Superheroes Needed to Tackle Timebomb

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2012] The research, an international collaboration from the Universities of Leeds, Alberta and Wisconsin, calls for government and policy makers to recognise the role that public health leaders can play in addressing these significant health challenges.Public Health: Superheroes Needed to Tackle Timebomb - Read more

Multiple Sclerosis: Rebuilding in The Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/10/2012] In patients suffering from multiple sclerosis, the brain is capable of compensating for certain disorders to some extent. How it does this has been examined in detail by medics from Würzburg University Hospital. Their findings may help to improve treatment.Multiple Sclerosis: Rebuilding in The Brain - Read more

Breast Cancer: MRI Technique Could Reduce Biopsies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/10/2012] Water diffusion measurements with MRI could decrease false-positive breast cancer results and reduce preventable biopsies, according to a new study. Researchers said the technique also could improve patient management by differentiating high-risk lesions requiring additional workup from other non-malignant subtypes.Breast Cancer: MRI Technique Could Reduce Biopsies - Read more

Medicines: Should Aspirin Be Used to Prevent Cancer?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/10/2012] Aspirin, the everyday drug taken by countless people around the world to ward off pain and reduce their risk of developing heart disease, may have a new trick up its sleeve – preventing cancer.Medicines: Should Aspirin Be Used to Prevent Cancer? - Read more

Public Health: Messages Can Influence Infectious Disease Stigmas

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2012] Crafting public health messages about a disease may create stigmas that influence how likely people are to endorse certain interventions, such as isolating infected persons, forcing treatment on them and mapping their location, according to a Penn State researcher.Public Health: Messages Can Influence Infectious Disease Stigmas - Read more

Rehabilitation: Robots Uncover Stroke Disabilities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2012] When it comes to stroke rehabilitation, it takes a dedicated team to help a person regain as much independence as possible: physicians, nurses, physiotherapists and others. Now, a University of Calgary research team had added a robot to help identify and customize post-stroke therapy.Rehabilitation: Robots Uncover Stroke Disabilities - Read more

T-Systems: Making mobile medical rounds with Smartphones and tablets

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/10/2012] More and more hospital employees appreciate the potential of mobile working with Smartphones and tablets. Quick access to clinical data in day-to-day work life streamlines information search processes, can relieve physicians and supports the quality of medical care of patients. Deutsche (German)Telekom presents new solutions for healthcare. T-Systems: Making mobile medical rounds with Smartphones and tablets - Read more

Medicines: Making Headway on Beta-blockers and Sleep

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/09/2012] Over 20 million people in the United States take beta-blockers. Many of these same people also have trouble sleeping. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have found that melatonin supplementation significantly improved sleep in hypertensive patients taking beta-blockers.Medicines: Making Headway on Beta-blockers and Sleep - Read more

RNA Molecules: Scientists Prevent Heart Failure in Mice

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/09/2012] Cardiac stress, for example a heart attack or high blood pressure, frequently leads to pathological heart growth and subsequently to heart failure. Two tiny RNA molecules play a key role in this detrimental development in mice, as researchers have now discovered.RNA Molecules: Scientists Prevent Heart Failure in Mice - Read more

Appendicitis: Antibiotics Could Replace Surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2012] Although the standard approach to acute appendicitis is to remove the appendix, a study at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, reveals that treatment with antibiotics can be just as effective in many cases.Appendicitis: Antibiotics Could Replace Surgery - Read more

Viruses: How Immune Cells Defend Themselves Against HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2012] A team of scientists led by virologists Professor Oliver T. Fackler and Professor Oliver T. Keppler from Heidelberg University Hospital, Germany, have decoded a mechanism used by the human immune system to protect itself from HIV viruses.Viruses: How Immune Cells Defend Themselves Against HIV - Read more

Nanochains: Exposing Cancer's Lethal Couriers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2012] Malignant cells that leave a primary tumor, travel the bloodstream and grow out of control in new locations cause the vast majority of cancer deaths. New nanotechnology developed at Case Western Reserve University detects these metastases in mouse models of breast cancer far earlier than current methods, a step toward earlier, life-saving diagnosis and treatment.Nanochains: Exposing Cancer's Lethal Couriers - Read more

Asthma: Inner City and Suburbs Children Have Different Illnesses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2012] In a new study researchers from the University of Wisconsin in Madison investigated viral respiratory illnesses and their possible role in the development of asthma in urban versus suburban babies.Asthma: Inner City and Suburbs Children Have Different Illnesses - Read more

World Heart Day: Heart Health Starts Earlier than You Think

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/09/2012] On World Heart Day, 29th September, the World Heart Federation is calling for people – specifically mothers who are gatekeepers to the home – to take action now to protect their own heart health, as well as that of their children and families to safeguard future generations.World Heart Day: Heart Health Starts Earlier than You Think - Read more

USA: Pacific Islanders Have High Obesity and Smoking Rates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/09/2012] In the first study to detail the health of Pacific Islanders living in the United States, University of Michigan researchers have found alarmingly high rates of obesity and smoking.USA: Pacific Islanders Have High Obesity and Smoking Rates - Read more

Fasting: “People take a reserved stance towards naturopathic procedures"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/09/2012] When people talk about fasting, they often mean caloric restriction in terms of a dietary regimen. Yet medically supervised fasting is so much more than this. Fasting has a positive effect on the human body in many different ways and could provide new perspectives for chronically sick people in the future. What mechanisms are behind all this – what is psychology and what is scientifically proven?Fasting: “People take a reserved stance towards naturopathic procedures" - Read more

Blood Protein: Dramatically Effective Against Strokes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/09/2012] Every two minutes someone in Germany suffers a stroke, yet there are hardly any effective treatments. Scientists from the University of Würzburg are now pursuing a new approach: inhibiting a blood protein seems to mitigate the negative consequences of strokes quite dramatically.Blood Protein: Dramatically Effective Against Strokes - Read more

Global Trade: Economic Pressures Altering Disease Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/09/2012] The pressures of global trade may heighten disease incidence by dictating changes in land use. A boom in disease-carrying ticks and chiggers has followed the abandonment of rice cultivation in Taiwanese paddies, say ecologist Chi-Chien Kuo and colleagues, demonstrating the potential for global commodities pricing to drive the spread of infections.Global Trade: Economic Pressures Altering Disease Risk - Read more

Nanoparticles: Boosting Efficacy of Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/09/2012] Nanoparticles have shown great promise in the targeted delivery of drugs to cells, but researchers at the University of Georgia have refined the drug delivery process further by using nanoparticles to deliver drugs to a specific organelle within cells.Nanoparticles: Boosting Efficacy of Drugs - Read more

World Alzheimer’s Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/09/2012] Dementia diseases affect more and more people - there are currently about 35 million patients worldwide. By 2050 the number will rise to an estimated 115 million. In order to raise attention for the situation of Alzheimer's patients, every year on 21 September, the World Alzheimer's Day takes place.World Alzheimer’s Day - Read more

COPD: The Mystery of The Third Signal

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/09/2012] At least three protective mechanisms defend the lungs against erroneous attacks by the body's own immune system. This was discovered by the Immuneregulation research group of Professor Dunja Bruder at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany.COPD: The Mystery of The Third Signal - Read more

LED: The Dangers of Exposure to Light at Night

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/09/2012] A panel of world experts discussed “Light Pollution and its Ecophysiological Consequences” and shed light on the extent of the dangers and harm that night-time artificial lighting causes, emphasizing that it is the short wavelength illumination that we have come to know as “eco-friendly illumination” that is causing the most harm (primarily LED lighting).LED: The Dangers of Exposure to Light at Night - Read more

Children: Access to Care Differ by Parents' Immigrant Status

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/09/2012] Health is an important part of development, with links to how children do cognitively and academically, and it's a strong predictor of adult health and productivity. A new study of low-income families in the United States has found that children's health and access to health care services differ according to the immigrant status of their parents.Children: Access to Care Differ by Parents' Immigrant Status - Read more

Arrhythmia Treatment: Gaps Between Eastern and Western Europe

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/08/2012] The EHRA White Book by the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) reports on the current status of arrhythmia treatments in the 54 member of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) countries and has been published every year since 2008.Arrhythmia Treatment: Gaps Between Eastern and Western Europe - Read more

Infections: African Antimalarial Research Bears First Fruit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/08/2012] A recently discovered compound from the aminopyridine class, code named MMV390048, caused quite a stir at the Expert Scientific Advisory Committee (ESAC) of Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) meeting in Toulouse, France.Infections: African Antimalarial Research Bears First Fruit - Read more

USA: Medical Exemptions from School Vaccination Requirements

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/08/2012] In states where medical exemptions from vaccination requirements for kindergarten students are easier to get, exemption rates are higher, potentially compromising herd immunity and posing a threat to children and others who truly should not be immunized because of underlying conditions, according to a study.USA: Medical Exemptions from School Vaccination Requirements - Read more

Parkinson’s Disease: WalkMate System for Improving the Quality of Life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/08/2012] Tokyo Institut of Technology‘s researchers have developed an innovative, non-invasive therapeutic intervention that may improve the mobility, stability, and quality of life of Parkinson’s disease patients.Parkinson’s Disease: WalkMate System for Improving the Quality of Life - Read more

Cancer: New Scanner Halves Radiation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/08/2012] Current cancer examinations involve high levels of radiation. Based on the Big Bang research in CERN, particle physicists at University in Oslo have created a brand new technology that combines the PET and MR medical imaging technologies. This combination involves much less radiation than current technology.Cancer: New Scanner Halves Radiation - Read more

Hormones: Therapeutic Avenues for Parkinson's Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/08/2012] Body's own hormone shows promise in protecting dopamine, leading to possible treatments. Now, scientists at the University of Houston (UH) have discovered what may possibly be a key ingredient in the fight against Parkinson's disease.Hormones: Therapeutic Avenues for Parkinson's Disease - Read more

Risk of Suicide: Close Contact with Young People Has No Effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/08/2012] Researchers, doctors and patients tend to agree that during the high-risk period after an attempted suicide, the treatment of choice is close contact, follow-up and personal interaction in order to prevent a tragic repeat. Now, however, new research shows that this strategy does not work.Risk of Suicide: Close Contact with Young People Has No Effect - Read more

Overweight in Childhood: Antibiotic Use in Infants Before 6 Months

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2012] Treating very young infants with antibiotics may predispose them to being overweight in childhood, according to a study of more than 10,000 children by researchers at the New York University (NYU) School of Medicine.Overweight in Childhood: Antibiotic Use in Infants Before 6 Months - Read more

United Kingdom: Public Health Needs a Radical Shake Up

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2012] Professor Gerard Hastings from the Institute for Social Marketing at the University of Stirling argues that marketing by multinational corporations "threatens our mental wellbeing, exacerbates inequalities, and encourages unsustainable consumption."United Kingdom: Public Health Needs a Radical Shake Up - Read more

Lung Cancer Treatment: Bruce Lee helps us to fight lung tumors”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/08/2012] In many movies, Bruce Lee fights against different villains with Asian fighting methods. Even though scientists at the GSI Helmholz Center for Heavy Ion Research (GSI Helmholzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung) use other techniques to fight lung cancer, they work at least as effectively as the 70’s movie icon with their thorax model “Bruce Lee”.Lung Cancer Treatment: Bruce Lee helps us to fight lung tumors” - Read more

Children: Secondhand Smoke Impairs Vital Cough Reflex

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/08/2012] New research from the Monell Center reveals that exposure to secondhand smoke decreases sensitivity to cough-eliciting respiratory irritants in otherwise healthy children and adolescents.Children: Secondhand Smoke Impairs Vital Cough Reflex - Read more

Cartilage Repair: Nanoscale Scaffolds and Stem Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/08/2012] Johns Hopkins tissue engineers have used tiny, artificial fibre scaffolds thousands of times smaller than a human hair to help coax stem cells into developing into cartilage, the shock-absorbing lining of elbows and knees that often wears thin from injury or age.Cartilage Repair: Nanoscale Scaffolds and Stem Cells - Read more

Eyes: An Artificial Retina Restores Normal Vision

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/08/2012] Two researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College have deciphered a mouse's retina's neural code and coupled this information to a novel prosthetic device to restore sight to blind mice. The researchers say they have also cracked the code for a monkey retina and hope to quickly design and test a device that blind humans can use.Eyes: An Artificial Retina Restores Normal Vision - Read more

Pain Relief: Blocking Addiction of Heroin and Morphine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/08/2012] In a major breakthrough, an international team of scientists has proven that addiction to morphine and heroin can be blocked, while at the same time increasing pain relief.Pain Relief: Blocking Addiction of Heroin and Morphine - Read more

Genotype: Acute Stress Alters Control of Gene Activity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/08/2012] Acute stress alters the methylation of the DNA and thus the activity of certain genes. This is reported by researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany, together with colleagues from Basel, Trier and London for the first time.Genotype: Acute Stress Alters Control of Gene Activity - Read more

Cancer Therapies: New Method May Allow Personalized Clinical Trial

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/08/2012] An approach, developed by investigators at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, shows that erlotinib – a targeted therapy that acts on a growth factor receptor mutated in some lung, brain and other cancers – does not simply kill tumor cells as was previously assumed.Cancer Therapies: New Method May Allow Personalized Clinical Trial - Read more

Migraines: They Hurt Your Head but Not Your Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/08/2012] Migraines currently affect about 20 percent of the female population, and while these headaches are common, there are many unanswered questions surrounding this complex disease. According to new research from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), migraines are not associated with cognitive decline.Migraines: They Hurt Your Head but Not Your Brain - Read more

Anti-HIV Molecule: Small Change, Major Effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/08/2012] Researchers from Munich and Naples have shown that minimal modification of a synthetic peptide with anti-HIV activity results in a new compound with more than two orders of magnitude higher binding affinity to the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and greatly improved anti-HIV activity.Anti-HIV Molecule: Small Change, Major Effect - Read more

Bacteriology: New Method Unmasks Chronic Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/08/2012] With the aid of tiny silicon tubes, scientists have been able for the first time to observe directly bacteria in chronic infections. Researchers can now see precisely how bacteria and the immune system interact in living tissue.Bacteriology: New Method Unmasks Chronic Infections - Read more

Neurology: Risk of Stroke from Cardiac Catheterizations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/08/2012] When a patient undergoes a cardiac catheterization procedure such as a balloon angioplasty, there's a slight risk of a stroke or other neurological complications. While the risk is extremely small, neurologists nevertheless may expect to see catheterization-induced complications because so many procedures are performed, according to researchers of Loyola University.Neurology: Risk of Stroke from Cardiac Catheterizations - Read more

Diabetes: White Blood Cells Mediate Insulin Resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/08/2012] Researchers at the University of California, San Diego say neutrophils, an abundant type of white blood cell typically tasked with attacking bacteria and other foreign invaders, also plays an unexpected role in mediating insulin resistance – the central characteristic of type 2 diabetes, which afflicts an estimated 26 million Americans.Diabetes: White Blood Cells Mediate Insulin Resistance - Read more

Europe: Economic Development Does Not Eradicate Dysentry

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/08/2012] Researchers of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have found that a bacterium that emerged centuries ago in Europe has now been spreading globally into countries undergoing rapid development and industrialization.Europe: Economic Development Does Not Eradicate Dysentry - Read more

Liver: New Approach to Treat Acute Failure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/08/2012] Now the physicians of the Max Delbrück Center (MDC) Berlin, Germany, have developed a new treatment of liver failure approach based on a mouse model. In their current study the liver failure was reversed and the mice recovered completely. The researchers hope to soon be able to test their new approach in clinical trials.Liver: New Approach to Treat Acute Failure - Read more

Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/08/2012] In the United States, one in 10 children suffers from asthma. Researchers of the University of Cincinnati now report new evidence that exposure to three types of mold during infancy may have a direct link to asthma development during childhood.Mold: Infants Have Higher Asthma Risk - Read more

Uruguay: Tobacco Control Strategy is Delivering Results

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/08/2012] The International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (the ITC Project) launched a new report on the effectiveness of tobacco control policies in Uruguay.Uruguay: Tobacco Control Strategy is Delivering Results - Read more

Robotic Intelligence: Assistance for The Elderly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/08/2012] A team of EU-funded researchers has developed a robotic companion and intelligent home environment that could help elderly people live richer and more independent lives and reduce the burden placed on healthcare services.Robotic Intelligence: Assistance for The Elderly - Read more

Early Treatment: Earning Potential for People with HIV

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/08/2012] In a first-of-its-kind health campaign in Uganda, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show that adults with HIV who had less severe infections could work more hours per week, and their children were more likely to be enrolled in school.Early Treatment: Earning Potential for People with HIV - Read more

Dementia: Autoantibodies Damage Blood Vessels in The Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2012] The presence of specific autoantibodies of the immune system is associated with blood vessel damage in the brain. These findings were made by researchers of the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) Berlin, Germany, in studies on a rat model.Dementia: Autoantibodies Damage Blood Vessels in The Brain - Read more

Surgery: Kidney Removal and Erectile Dysfunction

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/07/2012] Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a link between patients who undergo total nephrectomy - complete kidney removal - and erectile dysfunction.Surgery: Kidney Removal and Erectile Dysfunction - Read more

Colorectal Operations: Safety Program Lowers Infections

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/07/2012] A surgical patient safety program that combines three components — accurate outcome measurement, support of hospital leadership, and engaged frontline providers — reduces surgical site infections (SSIs) by 33 per cent in patients who undergo colorectal procedures, according to a new study.Colorectal Operations: Safety Program Lowers Infections - Read more

Hot Asphalt: Higher Cancer Rates in Roofers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/07/2012] A University of Colorado Cancer Centre study shows that roofers have higher PAH blood-levels after working a shift and that these high levels of PAHs are linked with increased rates of DNA damage, and potentially with higher cancer risk.Hot Asphalt: Higher Cancer Rates in Roofers - Read more

World Hepatitis Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/07/2012] On 28 July 2012 was World Hepatitis Day. The topic of this year was: “This is hepatitis… It’s closer than you think.”World Hepatitis Day - Read more

Intestinal Diseases: How Malnutrition Leads to Inflamed Intestines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/07/2012] Researchers at the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology in Vienna, Austria, have uncovered how malnutrition, affecting millions of people, leads to diarrhoea, inflamed intestines and immune system disorders.Intestinal Diseases: How Malnutrition Leads to Inflamed Intestines - Read more

Celiac Disease: Medical Follow-up Is Less Than Optimal

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/07/2012] Follow-up exams for patients with celiac disease are often inadequate and highly variable, according to a new study of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA).Celiac Disease: Medical Follow-up Is Less Than Optimal - Read more

CVD: Half of Deaths Could Be Avoided with Regulation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/07/2012] Population level prevention produces greater impacts on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) than individualised approaches, according to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).CVD: Half of Deaths Could Be Avoided with Regulation - Read more

Cholesterol: New Lipid Screening Guidelines for Children

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/07/2012] Recent guidelines recommending cholesterol tests for children fail to weigh health benefits against potential harms and costs, according to three physician-researchers at University of California – San Francisco.Cholesterol: New Lipid Screening Guidelines for Children - Read more

Tropical Disease: Chagas – a Neglected Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/07/2012] Chagas disease is a deadly tropical illness. It is passed to humans by insects and contaminated blood transfusions, and can also be passed from mother to embryo. Around the world, almost 10 million people are infected with the disease.Tropical Disease: Chagas – a Neglected Disease - Read more

Neurology: Nerve Stimulation Can Help Reorganise Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/07/2012] University of Texas at Dallas researchers recently demonstrated how nerve stimulation paired with specific experiences, such as movements or sounds, can reorganise the brain. This technology could lead to new treatments for stroke, tinnitus, autism and other disorders.Neurology: Nerve Stimulation Can Help Reorganise Brain - Read more

Influenza: Botanical Compound Crucial to Healing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/07/2012] Building on previous work with the botanical abscisic acida, researchers in the Nutritional Immunology and Molecular Medicine Laboratory (NIMML) have discovered that abscisic acid has anti-inflammatory effects in the lungs as well as in the gut.Influenza: Botanical Compound Crucial to Healing - Read more

Medical Diagnostics: Identifying Viruses on The Spot

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/07/2012] Dengue fever is a disease passed to humans by mosquitoes. Millions of people every year are infected worldwide, and around 4,000–5,000 of these cases will suffer severe complications or death. Dengue fever most commonly affects young people.Medical Diagnostics: Identifying Viruses on The Spot - Read more

Stroke: Experimental Drug May Extend Therapeutic Window

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2012] A team led by a physician-scientist at the University of Southern California (USC) has created an experimental drug that reduces brain damage and improves motor skills among stroke-afflicted rodents when given with federally approved clot-busting therapy.Stroke: Experimental Drug May Extend Therapeutic Window - Read more

Kawasaki Disease: Increased Risk of Adult Heart Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/07/2012] Cedars-Sinai researchers have linked Kawasaki Disease, a serious childhood illness that causes inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body, with early-onset and accelerated atherosclerosis, a leading cause of heart disease in adults.Kawasaki Disease: Increased Risk of Adult Heart Disease - Read more

Ozone Standard: Reducing Mortality and Morbidity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/07/2012] Establishing a more stringent ozone standard in the United States would significantly reduce ozone-related premature mortality and morbidity, according to a new study.Ozone Standard: Reducing Mortality and Morbidity - Read more

Medicare: Revised Geographic Adjustments to Improve Payments

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/07/2012] Changing the way that Medicare payments are adjusted to account for regional variations in the cost of providing care as recommended by a previous report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) would result in payment increases for some hospitals and practitioners and decreases for others.Medicare: Revised Geographic Adjustments to Improve Payments - Read more

Web-based Tools: Cancer Drugs with Gene Targets

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/07/2012] A new study of NIH/National Cancer Institute details how a suite of web-based tools provides the research community with greatly improved capacity to compare data derived from large collections of genomic information against thousands of drugs.Web-based Tools: Cancer Drugs with Gene Targets - Read more

Genetic: New Insights into the Parkinson’s Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/07/2012] Scientists at the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research and the University Hospital of Tübingen have –as leaders of a large, international joint study – demonstrated the significance of new genetic risk factors for Parkinson’s disease in different population groups.Genetic: New Insights into the Parkinson’s Disease - Read more

Herpes: Virus Throws a Wrench in The Immune System

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/07/2012] The cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a member of the herpes virus family. Although most people carry CMV for life, it hardly ever makes them sick. Researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research and from the USA have now unveiled long term consequences of the on-going presence of CMV.Herpes: Virus Throws a Wrench in The Immune System - Read more

Non-slip Tracheal Implants: Relieving Respiratory Distress

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/07/2012] If a person‘s windpipe is constricted, an operation in which the surgeon inserts a stent to enlarge the trachea is often the only way to relieve their respiratory distress.Non-slip Tracheal Implants: Relieving Respiratory Distress - Read more

German Biobank Registry: “An overview for science and the public”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/07/2012] Every day, patients and test persons give blood or tissue samples. Every day this increases the material quantities and data volumes in biobanks. The German Biobank Registry (Das Deutsche Biobanken-Register) now gives scientists and the interested public an overall view of the national inventories.German Biobank Registry: “An overview for science and the public” - Read more

Study: Gene Mutation Lead to Enlarged Brain Size, Cancer, Autism, Epilepsy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/07/2012] A research team led by Seattle Children's Research Institute has discovered new gene mutations associated with markedly enlarged brain size, or megalencephaly. Mutations in three genes, AKT3, PIK3R2 and PIK3CA, were also found to be associated with a constellation of disorders including cancer, hydrocephalus, epilepsy, autism, vascular anomalies and skin growth disorders. Study: Gene Mutation Lead to Enlarged Brain Size, Cancer, Autism, Epilepsy - Read more

Computer Networks: "We can arrive considerably faster at the patient-specific mutations"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/07/2012] Some scientific problems cannot be solved by using simple means. They require a fast “superbrain“ to be able to process and draw conclusions from extremely complex data. Now scientists at the Charité in collaboration with the Hasso-Plattner-Institute have launched a high-performance computer that could become important for personalized medicine. Computer Networks: "We can arrive considerably faster at the patient-specific mutations" - Read more

New Development: Biodegradable Artery Graft to Enhance Bypass Surgeries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/06/2012] University of Pittsburgh’s cell-free, biodegradable artery graft results in a regenerated artery in 90 days, leaving behind no trace of synthetic graft materials in the body.New Development: Biodegradable Artery Graft to Enhance Bypass Surgeries - Read more

Oxygen Transport: Blue Blood of the Emperor Scorpion X-rayed

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/06/2012] Biologists from Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany, are the first to successfully crystallise the hemocyanin of the emperor scorpion to shed new light on the structure and active site of the giant oxygen transport protein.Oxygen Transport: Blue Blood of the Emperor Scorpion X-rayed - Read more

Cardiovascular Disease: Low Steroid Levels Linked to Increased Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/06/2012] Low levels of a naturally occurring steroid are associated with an increased risk of heart and blood-vessel disease in elderly men, a new study finds.Cardiovascular Disease: Low Steroid Levels Linked to Increased Risk - Read more

Women: Device Managed Effective Incontinence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/06/2012] A device developed by Loyola University Health System (LUHS) researchers used to prevent incontinence in women who undergo a common pelvic-floor surgery reduces symptoms but increases side effects in these patients.Women: Device Managed Effective Incontinence - Read more

Parkinson's Disease: Call for More Research

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/06/2012] When a neurologist and neurosurgeon believe deep brain stimulation may help a patient suffering from Parkinson’s disease they target either of two structures – the internal globus pallidus or the subthalamic nucleus – in an area of the brain that controls voluntary muscle movements.Parkinson's Disease: Call for More Research - Read more

Overweight Older Adults: Omega-3 Lowers Inflammation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/06/2012] New research shows that omega-3 fatty acid supplements can lower inflammation in healthy, but overweight, middle-aged and older adults, suggesting that regular use of these supplements could help protect against and treat certain illnesses.Overweight Older Adults: Omega-3 Lowers Inflammation - Read more

Skin Cancer: Cause of Pain in the Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/06/2012] Apply the ointment, light on, light off – that is how easy it is to cure various forms of non-melanoma skin cancer. However, the majority of patients suffer severe pain during the so-termed photodynamic therapy. Why the treatment can be so painful has now been uncovered.Skin Cancer: Cause of Pain in the Treatment - Read more

Europe: Time to Act on COPD

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/06/2012] The European COPD Coalition (ECC) is using the presence of a major international conference on lung health in Birmingham in England (COPD8) to call for lung testing to be a basic health right for all across Europe and better training for healthcare professionals.Europe: Time to Act on COPD - Read more

Skin Disease: Psoriasis Increases Risk of Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/06/2012] Psoriasis is an independent risk for Type 2 Diabetes, according to a new study by researchers of the University of Pennsylvania, with the greatest risk seen in patients with severe psoriasis.Skin Disease: Psoriasis Increases Risk of Diabetes - Read more

Antioxidant: Protection Against Cardiovascular Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/06/2012] University of Minnesota Medical School researchers discovered an enzyme that, when found at high levels and alongside low levels of HDL (good cholesterol), can dramatically reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.Antioxidant: Protection Against Cardiovascular Disease - Read more

Polyps: Virtual Colonoscopy Equals Standard

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/06/2012] Computed tomographic colonography (CTC), also known as virtual colonoscopy, administered without laxatives is as accurate as conventional colonoscopy in detecting clinically significant, potentially cancerous polyps, according to a study.Polyps: Virtual Colonoscopy Equals Standard - Read more

Leukaemia: Marker Distinguishes More-Aggressive Form

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/06/2012] People newly diagnosed with chronic leukaemia must often wait to learn if they have a faster- or slower-progressing form of the disease. This study identified a molecular marker that quickly helps to distinguish which form a patient has. The findings could enable patients with aggressive disease to start treatment sooner.Leukaemia: Marker Distinguishes More-Aggressive Form - Read more

Prosthetic Hands: Development Stagnated for Twenty Years

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/06/2012] The development of body-powered prosthetic hands has stagnated for over twenty years. That is the main conclusion of a study by researchers from Delft University of Technology and the University of Groningen into this type of prosthesis.Prosthetic Hands: Development Stagnated for Twenty Years - Read more

Treatment: Web-based Tool Helps Children with Asthma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/06/2012] New study results from Seattle Children's Research Institute found that parents who used an interactive website to track their child's usage of asthma controller medications, improved compliance with asthma controller medication use.Treatment: Web-based Tool Helps Children with Asthma - Read more

World Blood Donor Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/06/2012] On 14 June, countries worldwide celebrated World Blood Donor Day with events to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products and to thank voluntary unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood. The theme of the 2012 World Blood Donor Day campaign, “Every blood donor is a hero” focuses on the idea that every one of us can become a hero by giving blood.World Blood Donor Day - Read more

Inflammation: How Infection Can Lead to Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/06/2012] One of the biggest risk factors for liver, colon or stomach cancer is chronic inflammation of those organs, often caused by viral or bacterial infections. A new study from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) offers the most comprehensive look yet at how such infections provoke tissues into becoming cancerous.Inflammation: How Infection Can Lead to Cancer - Read more

Patients: Protected From Diabetic Eye Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/06/2012] Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Centre have completed a study of 158 people who have lived with type 1 diabetes (T1D) for 50 years or more with eye examinations and have concluded that a high proportion of this unique group of patients developed little to no diabetic eye disease over time.Patients: Protected From Diabetic Eye Disease - Read more

Sleeping Under 6 Hours: Risk of Stroke for Normal-weight Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/06/2012] Habitually sleeping less than six hours a night significantly increases the risk of stroke symptoms among middle-age to older adults who are of normal weight and at low risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to a study of 5,666 people followed for up to three years.Sleeping Under 6 Hours: Risk of Stroke for Normal-weight Adults - Read more

Cancer: Synthetic Vaccine Effective in Killing Tumours

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/06/2012] Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Centre have developed and tested in mice a synthetic vaccine and found it effective in killing human papillomavirus-derived cancer, a virus linked to cervical cancers among others.Cancer: Synthetic Vaccine Effective in Killing Tumours - Read more

Urban Centers: City Kids Have More Food Allergies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/06/2012] Children living in urban centres have a much higher prevalence of food allergies than those living in rural areas, according to a new study, which is the first to map children's food allergies by geographical location in the United States.Urban Centers: City Kids Have More Food Allergies - Read more

Large Waistlines: Increased Mortality Risk Older People

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/06/2012] Older people with large waistlines have a higher mortality rate than those with a slim waistline. This was shown in a new study conducted by the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Large Waistlines: Increased Mortality Risk Older People - Read more

Systems Biology: "There is an enormous automation in laboratory techniques"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2012] The function of systems biology is to treat organs and biological organisms as a whole. In doing so, researchers among other things examine interactions and different aspects of the human cell. This still young discipline creates interfaces to biology, mathematics and physics to be able to understand regulatory processes for cells, tissues and organisms and thus get an integrated idea.Systems Biology: "There is an enormous automation in laboratory techniques" - Read more

Health Risk: Air Pollution Linked to Chronic Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2012] Air pollution, a serious danger to the environment, is also a major health risk, associated with respiratory infections, lung cancer and heart disease. Now a Tel Aviv University researcher has concluded that not only does air pollution impact cardiac events such as heart attack and stroke, but it also causes repeated episodes over the long term.Health Risk: Air Pollution Linked to Chronic Disease - Read more

Huntington's Disease: Cell Contents for Controlling Toxicity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/06/2012] New research into the cell-damaging effects of Huntington's disease suggests a potentially new approach for identifying possible therapeutic targets for treating the nerve-destroying disorder.Huntington's Disease: Cell Contents for Controlling Toxicity - Read more

Nearsightedness: Hope for More Effective Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/06/2012] Research by an optometrist at the University of Houston (UH) supports the continued investigation of optical treatments that attempt to slow the progression of nearsightedness in children.Nearsightedness: Hope for More Effective Treatment - Read more

Colon Cancer: Worse Prognosis for Younger Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/06/2012] Younger patients with colorectal cancer were more likely to present advanced stage tumours at diagnosis and metastasize much sooner, yet had better than or equal survival to patients 50 and older, according to a study led by Doctor Edith Mitchell of Thomas Jefferson University.Colon Cancer: Worse Prognosis for Younger Patients - Read more

Health Apps: ”Interoperability is still not developed“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/06/2012] Exchanging medical topics through digital media is rapidly on the rise. Health apps in particular, offer interested people and patients a medical overall service package: whether it is measuring vital signs, the prevention of falling in patients with Parkinson’s disease or providing recommendations for healthy eating. Health Apps: ”Interoperability is still not developed“ - Read more

Microbes: Links Between Inflammation and Chronic Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/05/2012] A new Northwestern University study done in lowland Ecuador remarkably finds no evidence of chronic low-grade inflammation – associated with diseases of aging like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and dementia.Microbes: Links Between Inflammation and Chronic Disease - Read more

World MS Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/05/2012] Multiple sclerosis (MS) is called the disease of 1,000 faces. For each patient the neurological disease is different. In addition, it is often diagnosed as such very late: Doctors in Germany diagnose the illness three to four years after onset of symptoms in most cases. World MS Day (WMSD) on 30th Mai, 2012 is the only global awareness raising campaign for Multiple Sclerosis (MS).World MS Day - Read more

Mobile Technology: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Behaviour

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/05/2012] A new study, supported in part by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health, suggests that a combination of mobile technology and remote coaching holds promise in encouraging healthier eating and physical activity behaviour in adults. The study focused on the best way to change multiple health behaviours.Mobile Technology: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Behaviour - Read more

Age: "Personality Genes" May Help Account for Longevity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/05/2012] Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have found that personality traits like being outgoing, optimistic, easygoing, and enjoying laughter as well as staying engaged in activities may also be part of the longevity genes mix.Age: "Personality Genes" May Help Account for Longevity - Read more

Low Vitamin D: Diet Increases Stroke Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/05/2012] Japanese-American men who did not eat foods rich in vitamin D had a higher risk of stroke later in life, according to results of a 34-year study of the University of Hawaii in Honolulu.Low Vitamin D: Diet Increases Stroke Risk - Read more

From Stem Cell to Brain Cell: New Technique Mimics the Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/05/2012] A new technique that converts stem cells into brain cells has been developed by researchers at Lund University. The method is simpler, quicker and safer than previous research has shown and opens the doors to a shorter route to clinical cell transplants.From Stem Cell to Brain Cell: New Technique Mimics the Brain - Read more

Microfluidic Chip: TB Test Promises to Be Cheap and Fast

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/05/2012] Biomedical engineers at University of California Davis have developed a microfluidic chip to test for latent tuberculosis. They hope the test will be cheaper, faster and more reliable than current testing for the disease.Microfluidic Chip: TB Test Promises to Be Cheap and Fast - Read more

Partial Laryngectomy: Donor Aortic Graft Improves Reconstruction

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/05/2012] Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) surgeons have developed a new technique for reconstructing the larynx after surgery for advanced cancer.Partial Laryngectomy: Donor Aortic Graft Improves Reconstruction - Read more

Infections: New Discoveries About Severe Malaria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/05/2012] International researchers have uncovered new knowledge related to host-parasite interaction in severe malaria, concerning how malaria parasites are able to bind to cells in the brain and cause cerebral malaria – the most lethal form of the disease.Infections: New Discoveries About Severe Malaria - Read more

Microscope: Rainbow of Light to Image Blood Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/05/2012] Blood tests convey vital medical information, but the sight of a needle often causes anxiety and results take time. A new device developed by a team of researchers in Israel, however, can reveal much the same information as a traditional blood test in real-time, simply by shining a light through the skin.Microscope: Rainbow of Light to Image Blood Cells - Read more

Doctor Visits: To Dictate or Not to Dictate?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/05/2012] Could the quality of care you receive be affected by how your doctor takes notes? According to a new study by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), doctors who dictated their patient notes appeared to have worse quality of care than those who used structured documentation.Doctor Visits: To Dictate or Not to Dictate? - Read more

Nerve Cell Production: “We can convert skin cells into nerve cells more efficiently”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/05/2012] Until now, curing neurological disorders has been a vision of the future. Scientists at the LIFE & BRAIN Centre in Bonn, Germany, however have come a bit closer to achieving this with a new procedure and are now able to convert skin cells into nerve cells.Nerve Cell Production: “We can convert skin cells into nerve cells more efficiently” - Read more

Breast Cancer: Hybrid Vaccine Can Prevent Recurrence

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/05/2012] A breast cancer vaccine already shown to elicit a powerful immune response in women with varying levels of HER2 expression has the ability to improve recurrence rates and is well tolerated in an adjuvant setting, according to new research from The University of Texas.Breast Cancer: Hybrid Vaccine Can Prevent Recurrence - Read more

Microscope: Tiny Tool Can Play Big Role Against Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/05/2012] A tiny filter could have a big impact around the world in the fight against tuberculosis. Using the traditional microscope-based diagnosis method as a starting point, University of Florida lung disease specialists have devised a way to detect more cases of the bacterial infection.Microscope: Tiny Tool Can Play Big Role Against Tuberculosis - Read more

World Hypertension Day

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/05/2012] May the 17th 2012 was World Hypertension Day. Every year the World Hypertension League calls for this special campaign day in order to raise public awareness for hypertension and its health consequences.World Hypertension Day - Read more

Cancer: Growth Regulator mTORC2 Linked to Diabetes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/05/2012] Scientists of the University of Basel show how inhibition of the protein mTOR signalling can impair carbohydrate metabolism and potentially lead to diabetes.Cancer: Growth Regulator mTORC2 Linked to Diabetes - Read more

Neurotransmission: Powerful Function of Single Protein

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/05/2012] Scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College have discovered that the single protein – alpha 2 delta – exerts a spigot-like function, controlling the volume of neurotransmitters and other chemicals that flow between the synapses of brain neurons.Neurotransmission: Powerful Function of Single Protein - Read more

Blindness: Retinal Prosthesis Could Better Restore Sight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/05/2012] Using tiny solar-panel-like cells surgically placed underneath the retina, scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have devised a system that may someday restore sight to people who have lost vision because of certain types of degenerative eye diseases.Blindness: Retinal Prosthesis Could Better Restore Sight - Read more

Benefits and Risks: Direct-to-consumer Genetics Tests

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/05/2012] Patients see potential benefits from direct-to-consumer genetic testing, but are also concerned about how the test results will be used, and generally are unwilling to pay more than 10 or 20 Dollars for them, according to focus groups conducted by researchers at Loyola University Chicago.Benefits and Risks: Direct-to-consumer Genetics Tests - Read more

Nerve Fibres: Glial Cells Pass on Metabolites to Neurons

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/05/2012] Klaus Armin and his research group from the Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine in Göttingen, Germany, have now discovered possible mechanisms by which these glial cells in the brain can support their associated axons and keep them alive in the long term.Nerve Fibres: Glial Cells Pass on Metabolites to Neurons - Read more

Postnatal Depression: Blood Test Could Show Womens' Risks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/05/2012] Researchers at Warwick Medical School have discovered a way of identifying which women are most at risk of postnatal depression (PND) by checking for specific genetic variants. The findings could lead to the development of a simple, accurate blood test which checks for the likelihood of developing the condition.Postnatal Depression: Blood Test Could Show Womens' Risks - Read more

Fibrosis: Scarring Cells Revert to Inactive State as Liver Heals

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/05/2012] An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, show that significant numbers of myofibroblasts – cells that produce the fibrous scarring in chronic liver injury – revert to an inactive phenotype as the liver heals.Fibrosis: Scarring Cells Revert to Inactive State as Liver Heals - Read more

Stomach: Biomarkers Can Reveal Irritable Bowel Syndrome

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/05/2012] Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is hard to diagnose as well as treat, but researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have discovered a way of confirming the disorder using stool samples.Stomach: Biomarkers Can Reveal Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Read more

Men: Low Testosterone Levels Could Raise Diabetes Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/05/2012] Scientists of the University of Edinburgh have found that low testosterone levels are linked to a resistance to insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar levels.Men: Low Testosterone Levels Could Raise Diabetes Risk - Read more

Brain: New Understanding of Alzheimer's Trigger

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/05/2012] A highly toxic beta-amyloid – a protein that exists in the brains of Alzheimer's disease victims – has been found to greatly increase the toxicity of other more common and less toxic beta-amyloids, serving as a possible "trigger" for the advent and development of Alzheimer's, researchers at the University of Virginia have discovered.Brain: New Understanding of Alzheimer's Trigger - Read more

World Laughter Day: Laugh for your health!

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/05/2012] May, the 06th 2012, was World Laughter Day. On this occasion thousands of people met in different cities across the world in order to laugh at that special day together. Laughter is not only fun - it's healthy too! According to a U.S. study, laughter boosts the distribution of health by releasing hormones. He who laughs a lot also has a lower risk of cardiovascular diseases.World Laughter Day: Laugh for your health! - Read more

COPD: Comorbidities Increase Risk of Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/05/2012] Comorbidities are common among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and a number of these comorbidities are independently associated with an increased mortality risk, according to a new study.COPD: Comorbidities Increase Risk of Mortality - Read more

Higher Prices: US Spends Far More for Health Care Than 12 Industrialised Nations

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/05/2012] The United States spends more on health care than 12 other industrialised countries yet does not provide "notably superior" care, according to a new study from The Commonwealth Fund. Higher Prices: US Spends Far More for Health Care Than 12 Industrialised Nations - Read more

Haemodialysis: Fish Oil Capsule May Provide Kidney-related Benefits

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/05/2012] Over the past decade, there has been a steady stream of information promoting the health benefits of fish oil capsules. According to Doctor Louise Moist, a Scientist at Lawson Health Research Institute, fish oil may also improve outcomes for kidney patients undergoing haemodialysis.Haemodialysis: Fish Oil Capsule May Provide Kidney-related Benefits - Read more

Parkinson’s Disease: Strong Support for Once-Marginalised Theory

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/04/2012] University of California, San Diego (UCSD) scientists have used powerful computational tools and laboratory tests to discover new support for a once-marginalised theory about the underlying cause of Parkinson’s disease.Parkinson’s Disease: Strong Support for Once-Marginalised Theory - Read more

Hidden Cost: Breastfeeding is not free

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/04/2012] Paediatricians often encourage new mothers to breastfeed their babies for at least the first six months of their infants' lives. Many breastfeeding proponents argue that breastfeeding has financial advantages over formula-feeding — breastfeeding is free, they say. But, according to a new study, it is patently untrue.Hidden Cost: Breastfeeding is not free - Read more

Kras Gene: Pancreatic Tumours Depend on Oncogene Activity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/04/2012] Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have shown that advanced pancreatic cancers in mice cannot survive without continued expression of a mutant oncogene that "rewires" key metabolic pathways to fuel the cancer cells.Kras Gene: Pancreatic Tumours Depend on Oncogene Activity - Read more

Blood Clots: Outpatient Surgery Patients also at Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/04/2012] A University of Michigan Health System study examined who is having outpatient surgery in the United States today, and showed 1 in 84 highest-risk patients suffers a dangerous blood clot after surgery.Blood Clots: Outpatient Surgery Patients also at Risk - Read more

Alzheimer's Disease: Single-neuron Observations Mark Steps

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/04/2012] Studying a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease, neuroscientists at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM), Germany, have observed correlations between increases in both soluble and plaque-forming beta-amyloid – a protein implicated in the disease process – and dysfunctional developments on several levels: individual cortical neurons, neuronal circuits, sensory cognition, and behaviour.Alzheimer's Disease: Single-neuron Observations Mark Steps - Read more

Mitochondria: Breakthrough for Degenerative Vision Disorder

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/04/2012] A research team, led by Doctor John Guy of Bascom Palmer Eye Institute of the University of Miami, has pioneered a novel technological treatment for Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON), an inherited genetic defect that causes rapid, permanent, and bilateral loss of vision in people of all ages, but primarily males ages 20-40.Mitochondria: Breakthrough for Degenerative Vision Disorder - Read more

Blood: Wide Variation in Transfusion Use in Operating Rooms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/04/2012] Citing the lack of clear guidelines for ordering blood transfusions during surgery, Johns Hopkins researchers say a new study confirms there is still wide variation in the use of transfusions and frequent use of transfused blood in patients who do not need it.Blood: Wide Variation in Transfusion Use in Operating Rooms - Read more

New Technique May Help: Regrow of Severely Damaged Nerves

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/04/2012] Engineers at the University of Sheffield have developed a method of assisting nerves damaged by traumatic accidents to repair naturally, which could improve the chances of restoring sensation and movement in injured limbs.New Technique May Help: Regrow of Severely Damaged Nerves - Read more

Unique Device Identification: "Global interconnectedness makes uniform traceability systems necessary"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/04/2012] In order to design safety standards and traceability of medical devices more professionally in the future, international committees are currently working on a new identification system that could apply worldwide in the future. In doing so, products could be identified during their entire life cycle.Unique Device Identification: "Global interconnectedness makes uniform traceability systems necessary" - Read more

Parkinson's Disease: 19th Century Therapy May Help Patients Today

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/04/2012] In the 19th century, Jean-Martin Charcot, the celebrated neurologist, developed a “vibration chair,” to relieve symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Now, a group of neurological researchers at Rush University Medical Centre have replicated his work in a study to see if Charcot’s observation holds true against modern scientific testing.Parkinson's Disease: 19th Century Therapy May Help Patients Today - Read more

Neurology: Brain-Machine Interface Moves a Paralysed Hand

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/04/2012] A new Northwestern Medicine brain-machine technology delivers messages from the brain directly to the muscles - bypassing the spinal cord - to enable voluntary and complex movement of a paralysed hand. The device could eventually be tested on, and perhaps aid, paralysed patients.Neurology: Brain-Machine Interface Moves a Paralysed Hand - Read more

Effective Drug Treatments: Kidney Stone Mystery Solved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/04/2012] New research by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis provides evidence to explain why some people are more prone to develop the condition than others. Their discovery opens the door to finding effective drug treatments and a test that could assess a person's risk of kidney stones.Effective Drug Treatments: Kidney Stone Mystery Solved - Read more

Lung: Positive Results in Trial for New Asthma Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/04/2012] Scientists from the University of Southampton and Synairgen can announce positive data from its Phase II clinical trial, into the effectiveness of the drug SNG001 – inhaled interferon beta – for asthma patients.Lung: Positive Results in Trial for New Asthma Treatment - Read more

Differences of the Nervous System: Knee Injuries in Women Linked to Motion

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/04/2012] Women are more prone to knee injuries than men, and the findings of a new study of Oregon State University suggest this may involve more than just differences in muscular and skeletal structure – it shows that males and females also differ in the way they transmit the nerve impulses that control muscle force.Differences of the Nervous System: Knee Injuries in Women Linked to Motion - Read more

HIV-related Cancer Virus: New Trigger for Alternate Reproduction Pathway

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/04/2012] A research team led by Children’s National Medical Centre has identified a trigger that causes latent Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV) to rapidly replicate itself. KSHV causes Kaposi’s sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and other cancers that commonly affect immunocompromised patients, including those with AIDS.HIV-related Cancer Virus: New Trigger for Alternate Reproduction Pathway - Read more

Major Depression: Blood Test Measuring Genetic Marker

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/04/2012] A Northwestern University scientist has developed the first blood test to diagnose major depression in teens, a breakthrough approach that allows an objective diagnosis by measuring a specific set of genetic markers found in a patient's blood. The current method of diagnosing depression is subjective.Major Depression: Blood Test Measuring Genetic Marker - Read more

Sex Differences: Science of Sleep Disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/04/2012] Sleep problems are more widely reported in women than men, and women are 1.4 times more likely to experience insomnia than men. To address the specifics of sex differences in sleep disorders, the Society for Women's Health Research (SWHR) hosted the congressional briefing, "Sleep Disorders and You: How challenges to sleep impact every aspect of your life".Sex Differences: Science of Sleep Disorders - Read more

Diabetes Patients: Cause of Fatty Deposits in the Hearts Settled

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/04/2012] The impaired substrate metabolism of diabetes patients is often expressed in an increase in fatty deposits in the cells of the heart muscle. Until now, the exact cause of this was unknown. Now, researchers at the Medical University Vienna have shown that high blood sugar in combination with high levels of insulin – not an influx of fats – results in such deposits within a few hours.Diabetes Patients: Cause of Fatty Deposits in the Hearts Settled - Read more

Heart: Fibre Protects Against Cardiovascular Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/04/2012] Foods high in fibre provide good protection against cardiovascular disease, and the effect is particularly marked in women. This is shown in a new study from Lund University in Sweden. Heart: Fibre Protects Against Cardiovascular Disease - Read more

Viruses: Unexpected Partnership Drives Immunity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/04/2012] New research of Harvard Medical School (HMS) challenges a well-established theory about antiviral immunity and may lead to a new understanding of the best way to help protect those exposed to potentially lethal viruses, such as rabies.Viruses: Unexpected Partnership Drives Immunity - Read more

Autism: Web-based Tool Produces Accurate Diagnosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/04/2012] The process of diagnosing autism is complex, subjective, and often limited to only a segment of the population in need. With the recent rise in incidence to 1 in 88 children, the need for accurate and widely deployable methods for screening and diagnosis is substantial. Dennis Wall of the Centre for Biomedical Informatics at Harvard Medical School has been working to address this problem.Autism: Web-based Tool Produces Accurate Diagnosis - Read more

Chromosome: Sequencing Technology Decodes DNA Folding Pattern

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/04/2012] Using a powerful DNA sequencing methodology, researchers at the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research have now investigated the three-dimensional structure of DNA folds in the nucleus of a chromosome. The findings provide scientists with a greater understanding about the basic principles of DNA folding and its role in gene regulation.Chromosome: Sequencing Technology Decodes DNA Folding Pattern - Read more

Heart Failure: Patients with Diabetes Benefit from Higher Glucose Levels

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/04/2012] Lowering glucose levels for people with diabetes is normally critical to improving health outcomes. But for diabetes patients with heart failure, that might not always be the case, say University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers. A new study found that for advanced heart failure patients with diabetes, having higher blood glucose levels may actually help improve survival rates.Heart Failure: Patients with Diabetes Benefit from Higher Glucose Levels - Read more

COPD: Marker for Early Detection of Lung Damage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/04/2012] Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a widespread disease. Around ninety per cent of cases are the result of smoking. Now a research team from the University Department of Surgery at MedUni Vienna has discovered a protein marker in the blood that can already indicate lung damage during the early stages of COPD, before a decrease in lung volume is detected by a pulmonary function test.COPD: Marker for Early Detection of Lung Damage - Read more

Cancer Diagnosis: Risk of Suicide Immediately Following

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/04/2012] People who are diagnosed with cancer have a markedly increased risk of suicide and cardiovascular death during the period immediately after being given the diagnosis. This has been shown in a new study from Karolinska Institutet.Cancer Diagnosis: Risk of Suicide Immediately Following - Read more

Veins and Lungs: Infection Linked to Dangerous Blood Clots

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/04/2012] Older adults who get infections of any kind – such as urinary, skin, or respiratory tract infections – are nearly three times more likely to be hospitalised for a dangerous blood clot in their deep veins or lungs, University of Michigan Health System research shows.Veins and Lungs: Infection Linked to Dangerous Blood Clots - Read more

Babies: Caloric Moderation Can Reverse Low Birth Weight and Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/04/2012] Babies who are born small have a tendency to put on weight during childhood and adolescence if allowed free access to calories. However, a new animal model study at University of California Los Angeles found when small babies were placed on a diet of moderately regulated calories during infancy, the propensity of becoming obese decreased.Babies: Caloric Moderation Can Reverse Low Birth Weight and Obesity - Read more

Heart Patients: Traumatic Stress Linked with Inflammation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/04/2012] Greater lifetime exposure to the stress of traumatic events was linked to higher levels of inflammation in a study of almost 1,000 patients with cardiovascular disease led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Centre (SFVAMC) and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).Heart Patients: Traumatic Stress Linked with Inflammation - Read more

Cancer Operation: Walking Can Help Alleviate Fatigue

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/04/2012] Researchers have affirmed that pancreatic cancer patients can take a step-by-step approach to combat fatigue. A study reports that patients who underwent an operation as part of their cancer treatment and then started a regular walking regimen experienced less fatigue than cancer survivors who did not do the walking program.Cancer Operation: Walking Can Help Alleviate Fatigue - Read more

Asthma: Children Have Lung Function Deficits as Neonates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] Children who develop asthma by age seven have deficits in lung function and increased bronchial responsiveness as neonates, a new study from researchers in Denmark suggests.Asthma: Children Have Lung Function Deficits as Neonates - Read more

Indoor Tanning Bed: Dramatic Rise in Skin Cancer in Young Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] Even as the rates of some cancers are falling, Mayo Clinic is seeing an alarming trend: the rise of skin cancer, especially among people under 40. According to a study by Mayo Clinic researchers, the incidence of melanoma has escalated, and young women are the hardest hit.Indoor Tanning Bed: Dramatic Rise in Skin Cancer in Young Adults - Read more

The Slightly Different Kind of Flu: Pneumonia as reflected in modern medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/04/2012] Pneumonia is a classic among infectious diseases. Hippocrates already described an illness whose symptoms included coughing followed by pneumonia but today would more resemble an influenza virus. Sir William Osler, considered to be the father of modern medicine, characterized it as “Captain of the Men of Death“ at the start of the 20th century. And what about today?The Slightly Different Kind of Flu: Pneumonia as reflected in modern medicine - Read more

Biomedicine: Culprit Behind Unchecked Angiogenesis Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/03/2012] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine were able to demonstrate that defective Notch signalling enables strong and deregulated vessel growth even when VEGF or VEGFR2 are inhibited. In this case, a different VEGF family receptor, VEGFR3, is strongly up regulated, promoting angiogenesis.Biomedicine: Culprit Behind Unchecked Angiogenesis Identified - Read more

Diagnosis: Paramedics Skilled in Identifying Strokes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/03/2012] Researchers of Loyola University Medical Centre examined the records of 5,300 patients who were brought to Loyola's emergency room by emergency medical services (EMS). Paramedics were able to identify stroke patients with a 99.3 per cent specificity. In diagnosing disease, a high specificity rate indicates there's a high probability the patient actually has the disease.Diagnosis: Paramedics Skilled in Identifying Strokes - Read more

Proteins: Hot on the Trail of Metabolic Diseases and Resistance to Antibiotics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/03/2012] Proteins belonging to the large and important family of ABC transporters have been associated with metabolic diseases and can cause resistance to antibiotics. Biochemists from the University of Zurich have succeeded in determining the atomic structure of a new ABC transporter. The insights gained could give rise to new therapies to treat multi-resistant bacteria, cystic fibrosis or gout.Proteins: Hot on the Trail of Metabolic Diseases and Resistance to Antibiotics - Read more

Excess Insulin Levels: Unlikely Cause of Atherosclerosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/03/2012] A number of studies have shown that excess insulin circulating in the bloodstream is a major independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, a new study from Joslin Diabetes Centre finds that this condition, called hyperinsulinemia, is itself not a cause of atherosclerosis.Excess Insulin Levels: Unlikely Cause of Atherosclerosis - Read more

Medical Technology: BVMed Annual Report 2011/12

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/03/2012] The German Medical Technology Association BVMed advocates for a better coordination and promotion of advances in medical technology. "The comprehensive and coordinated cooperation of governmental departments must be further advanced”, states BVMed chairman Doctor Meinrad Lugan in the newly published Annual Report 2011/12.Medical Technology: BVMed Annual Report 2011/12 - Read more

CT Screening: Growth Rates of Lung Cancers Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/03/2012] According to the latest report from the International Early Lung Cancer Action Program (I-ELCAP), lung cancers diagnosed in annual repeat rounds of CT screening are similar — both in volume doubling time and cell-type distribution — to those found in clinical practice.CT Screening: Growth Rates of Lung Cancers Found - Read more

Infections: Novel Pathway for T-cell Activation in Leprosy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/03/2012] University of California – Los Angeles researchers pinpointed a new mechanism that potently activates T-cells, the group of white blood cells that play a major role in fighting infections. The team specifically studied how dendritic cells, immune cells located at the site of infection, become more specialised to fight the leprosy pathogen known as Mycobacterium leprae.Infections: Novel Pathway for T-cell Activation in Leprosy - Read more

Microbiota: Body´s Bacteria Affect Intestinal Blood Vessel Formation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/03/2012] Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have discovered a previously unknown mechanism which helps intestinal bacteria to affect the formation of blood vessels. The results may provide future treatments of intestinal diseases and obesity.Microbiota: Body´s Bacteria Affect Intestinal Blood Vessel Formation - Read more

Advanced Breast Cancer: Cancer Drugs Improves Bone Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/03/2012] Results from a phase III clinical trial evaluating a new treatment for breast cancer in post-menopausal women show that the combination of two cancer drugs, everolimus and exemestane, significantly improves bone strength and reduces the chances of cancer spreading, metastasising, in the bone.Advanced Breast Cancer: Cancer Drugs Improves Bone Health - Read more

Blood Pressure: Insight into Pregnancy-induced Hypertension

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/03/2012] Researchers of Cleveland Clinic have identified an enzyme linked to pregnancy-induced hypertension – also known as pre-eclampsia – a pregnancy complication characterised by high blood pressure and swelling due to fluid retention. The findings could be used to better screen for – and treat – this condition.Blood Pressure: Insight into Pregnancy-induced Hypertension - Read more

Viruses: Insight into Treating Viral Stomach Flu

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/03/2012] Twenty million Americans get sick from norovirus each year according to data by the Centres for Disease Control (CDC). Often called vomiting illness, it can spread rapidly on cruise ships, and in dormitories and hospitals. Recent data from the CDC shows deaths from gastrointestinal infections have more than doubled and have become a particular threat to the elderly.Viruses: Insight into Treating Viral Stomach Flu - Read more

Hypertension: Pain Relievers Could be Spiking Your Blood Pressure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/03/2012] According to Professor Ehud Grossman of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine and the Sheba Medical Centre, many common over-the-counter and prescription medications are underlying causes of hypertension, which is a major risk factor for stroke, heart attack, and aneurisms. Hypertension: Pain Relievers Could be Spiking Your Blood Pressure - Read more

Multiple Health Problems: Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates High

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/03/2012] A study by University of Kentucky researchers showed that in Appalachia, colorectal cancer screening rates were higher in the population with multiple morbidities or diseases compared to those who had no morbidities at all.Multiple Health Problems: Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates High - Read more

Viruses: Blueprint for New Drugs That Can Inhibit Hepatitis C Virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/03/2012] The molecule prompts the Hepatitis C’s viral RNA to open up a portion of its hinge-like structure and encapsulate the inhibitor like a perfectly fit glove. Chemists at the University of California, San Diego have produced the first high resolution structure of a molecule that when attached to the genetic material of the hepatitis C virus prevents it from reproducing.Viruses: Blueprint for New Drugs That Can Inhibit Hepatitis C Virus - Read more

Rett Syndrome: Bone Marrow Transplant Arrests Symptoms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/03/2012] The Organisation Rett Syndrome Research Trust describes the results of using bone marrow transplant (BMT) to replace faulty immune system cells in models of Rett Syndrome. The procedure arrested many severe symptoms of the childhood disorder, including abnormal breathing and movement, and significantly extended the lifespan of Rett mouse models.Rett Syndrome: Bone Marrow Transplant Arrests Symptoms - Read more

Air Contamination: Air Emissions Near Fracking Sites May Impact Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/03/2012] In a new study, researchers from the Colorado School of Public Health have shown that air pollution caused by hydraulic fracturing or fracking may contribute to acute and chronic health problems for those living near natural gas drilling sites.Air Contamination: Air Emissions Near Fracking Sites May Impact Health - Read more

Batten Disease: Promise for Fatal Neurological Disorder in Kids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/03/2012] Working in mice with the infantile form of Batten disease, a rare but fatal neurological disorder, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Kings College London have discovered dramatic improvements in life span and motor function by treating the animals with gene therapy and bone marrow transplants.Batten Disease: Promise for Fatal Neurological Disorder in Kids - Read more

Brain and Body: Loss of Appetite Deciphered in Brain Cell Circuit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/03/2012] The meal is pushed way, untouched. Loss of appetite can be a fleeting queasiness or continue to the point of emaciation. While it's felt in the gut, more is going on inside the head. New findings are emerging about brain and body messaging pathways that lead to loss of appetite, and the systems in place to avoid starvation.Brain and Body: Loss of Appetite Deciphered in Brain Cell Circuit - Read more

Enzyme: Progression of Gastrointestinal Tumours

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/03/2012] Gastrointestinal stroma tumours (GIST) are a very particular challenge for cancer research. For once the tumours, which are mostly located in the stomach, are relatively rare and hence are difficult to research.Enzyme: Progression of Gastrointestinal Tumours - Read more

Cells: Influence of Nanoparticles on Nutrient Absorption

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/03/2012] Nanoparticles are everywhere. From cosmetics and clothes, to soda and snacks. But as versatile as they are, nanoparticles also have a downside, say researchers at Binghamton University and Cornell University. These tiny particles, even in low doses, could have a big impact on our long-term health.Cells: Influence of Nanoparticles on Nutrient Absorption - Read more

Improved Outcomes: Surgery After Traumatic Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/03/2012] Researchers at the Rothman Institute at Jefferson have shown that patients who receive surgery less than 24 hours after a traumatic cervical spine injury suffer less neural tissue destruction and improved clinical outcomes.Improved Outcomes: Surgery After Traumatic Cervical Spinal Cord Injury - Read more

USA: One in Four HIV Patients Do Not Stay in Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/03/2012] Only about 75 per cent of HIV/AIDS patients in the United States remain in care consistently, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The study of patients across the USA is the first to provide a comprehensive national estimate of HIV care retention and information about patients who are most likely to continue their treatment over time.USA: One in Four HIV Patients Do Not Stay in Care - Read more

Asperger Syndrome: Depression Common Among Young Adults

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/03/2012] Given that almost 70 per cent of young adults with Asperger syndrome have suffered from depression, it is vital that psychiatric care staff are aware of this so that patients are given the right treatment, reveals research from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.Asperger Syndrome: Depression Common Among Young Adults - Read more

Sweden: Web-Based Support Helps Women with Breast Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/03/2012] Every day 18 Swedish women are diagnosed with breast cancer. Although there is a real need for support and information, many women struggle and get lost in the deluge of information. In a study of 227 women, researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have developed a web-based programme to guide patients all the way from diagnosis to rehabilitation.Sweden: Web-Based Support Helps Women with Breast Cancer - Read more

Heart Failure and Diabetes: Cocoa May Enhance Skeletal Muscle Function

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/03/2012] A small clinical trial led by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found that patients with advanced heart failure and type 2 diabetes showed improved mitochondrial structure after three months of treatment with epicatechin-enriched cocoa.Heart Failure and Diabetes: Cocoa May Enhance Skeletal Muscle Function - Read more

Where Pain Lives: Race and Neighborhood Status Linked with Chronic Pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/03/2012] Living in a poor neighborhood was linked with worse chronic pain for young adults, according to a study by the University of Michigan Health System, but young black patients faced difficulties with pain management no matter where they lived.Where Pain Lives: Race and Neighborhood Status Linked with Chronic Pain - Read more

Severe Flu: Cause of Lung Injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/03/2012] While some scientists report engineering a super virulent strain of the H5N1 influenza virus, which could potentially wipe out a significant percentage of the human population, another group of researchers from the United Kingdom now reports a discovery that may one day help mitigate the deadly effects of all flu strains.Severe Flu: Cause of Lung Injury - Read more

Autophagy: Protein Identified that Can Lengthen Our Life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/03/2012] Cells use various methods to break down and recycle worn-out components – autophagy is one of them. Karin Håberg of the Umeå University, Sweden, shows that the protein SNX18 is required for cells to be able to perform autophagy.Autophagy: Protein Identified that Can Lengthen Our Life - Read more

“Labor der Zukunft”: Tomorrow’s Laboratory Technology

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/03/2012] Biomedical laboratories have to be safe, ergonomic and flexible. At the same time, labs need to be able to deal with a high throughput of samples while reliably documenting each step in the testing process. Fraunhofer researchers are working to fully automate the processing of samples in tomorrow’s laboratories.“Labor der Zukunft”: Tomorrow’s Laboratory Technology - Read more

Neurodegenerative Disease: View on Causal Mechanism in ALS

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/03/2012] In a study Munich-based researchers refute a widely accepted hypothesis about a causative step in neurodegenerative conditions. These results deal specifically with animal models of human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, aka Lou Gehrig's disease) but also raise questions for research on other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's or Huntington's disease.Neurodegenerative Disease: View on Causal Mechanism in ALS - Read more

Depression: Hyperactivity in Brain May Explain Multiple Symptoms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/02/2012] University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers have shown for the first time that people with depression have increased connections among most brain areas. Indeed, their brains are widely hyper connected. The report sheds new light on the brain dysfunction that causes depression and its wide array of symptoms.Depression: Hyperactivity in Brain May Explain Multiple Symptoms - Read more

Cancer: How to Rescue the Immune System

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/02/2012] In a study Loyola researchers report on a promising new technique that potentially could turn immune system killer T cells into more effective weapons against infections and possibly cancer.Cancer: How to Rescue the Immune System - Read more

Heart Patients: Statins Linked with Lower Depression Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/02/2012] Patients with heart disease who took cholesterol-lowering statins were significantly less likely to develop depression than those who did not, in a study by Doctor Mary Whooley of the San Francisco VA Medical Centre and the University of California, San Francisco.Heart Patients: Statins Linked with Lower Depression Risk - Read more

Multiple Sclerosis: Damaged Myelin Not the Trigger

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/02/2012] Damaged myelin in the brain and spinal cord does not cause the autoimmune disease Multiple sclerosis (MS), neuroimmunologists from the University of Zurich have now demonstrated in collaboration with researchers from Berlin, Leipzig, Mainz and Munich.Multiple Sclerosis: Damaged Myelin Not the Trigger - Read more

Liver Transplantation: Math Can Save Tylenol Overdose Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/02/2012] University of Utah mathematicians developed a set of calculus equations to make it easier for doctors to save Tylenol overdose patients by quickly estimating how much painkiller they took, when they consumed it and whether they will require a liver transplant to survive.Liver Transplantation: Math Can Save Tylenol Overdose Patients - Read more

DNA: Genome Sequencing Finds Unknown Cause of Epilepsy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/02/2012] Only 10 years ago, deciphering the genetic information from one individual in a matter of weeks to find a certain disease-causing genetic mutation would have been written off as science fiction. Now researchers of the University of Arizona applied Next Generation Genome Sequencing to decipher the entire DNA from a patient who had died from sudden unexplained epileptic death.DNA: Genome Sequencing Finds Unknown Cause of Epilepsy - Read more

Heart Attack: Injectable Gel Could Repair Tissue

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/02/2012] University of California, San Diego researchers have developed a new injectable hydrogel that could be an effective and safe treatment for tissue damage caused by heart attacks.Heart Attack: Injectable Gel Could Repair Tissue - Read more

Mammography: Breast Cancer in 40-49 Year-Olds Has Better Prognosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/02/2012] Based on a study of nearly 2,000 breast cancer patients, researchers at the Swedish Cancer Institute in Seattle say that, in women between the ages of 40 and 49, breast cancers detected by mammography have a better prognosis.Mammography: Breast Cancer in 40-49 Year-Olds Has Better Prognosis - Read more

Adults over 65: Virtual Colonoscopy Effective Screening Tool

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/02/2012] Computed tomography (CT) colonography can be used as a primary screening tool for colorectal cancer in adults over the age of 65, according to a new study. Some previous medical studies have found no significant difference in the diagnostic accuracy of CT colonography, also known as "virtual colonoscopy," and traditional optical colonoscopy.Adults over 65: Virtual Colonoscopy Effective Screening Tool - Read more

Home Visits for Asthma: A Win for Both Patients and Payers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/02/2012] Nearly 1 in 10 children have asthma, according to government statistics, and in low-income parts of Boston, nearly 16 per cent of children are affected. A program called the Community Asthma Initiative (CAI), developed and implemented in 2005 by clinicians at Children's Hospital Boston, demonstrates the potential to dramatically reduce hospitalisation and emergency department visits for asthma.Home Visits for Asthma: A Win for Both Patients and Payers - Read more

Patients with MS: Cognitive Rehabilitation Improves Brain Performance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/02/2012] In a new study functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) shows that cognitive rehabilitation changes brain function and improves cognitive performance in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS).Patients with MS: Cognitive Rehabilitation Improves Brain Performance - Read more

Excessive Crying Problem: Babies' Colic Linked to Mothers' Migraines

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/02/2012] A study of mothers and their young babies by neurologists at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) has shown that mothers who suffer migraine headaches are more than twice as likely to have babies with colic as mothers without a history of migraines.Excessive Crying Problem: Babies' Colic Linked to Mothers' Migraines - Read more

Obesity and Liver Disease: Faulty Fat Sensor Implicated

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/02/2012] Defects in a protein that functions as a dietary fat sensor may be a cause of obesity and liver disease, according to a study led by researchers at Imperial College London. The findings highlight a promising target for new drugs to treat obesity and metabolic disorders.Obesity and Liver Disease: Faulty Fat Sensor Implicated - Read more

Children: Brain-Imaging Differences in Infants who Develop Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/02/2012] A new study led by the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill found significant differences in brain development starting at age 6 months in high-risk infants who later develop autism, compared to high-risk infants who did not develop autism.Children: Brain-Imaging Differences in Infants who Develop Autism - Read more

Septic Shock Patients: Fever Control Using External Cooling Reduces Mortality

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/02/2012] Fever control using external cooling in sedated patients with septic shock is safe and decreases vasopressor requirements and early mortality, according to a new study from researchers in France.Septic Shock Patients: Fever Control Using External Cooling Reduces Mortality - Read more

Heart Attack and Early Death: Cellular Aging Increases Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/02/2012] Researchers have long speculated that the shortening of telomeres increases the risk of heart attack and early death. Now a large-scale population study in Denmark involving nearly 20,000 people shows that there is in fact a direct link, and has also given physicians a future way to test the actual cellular health of a person.Heart Attack and Early Death: Cellular Aging Increases Risk - Read more

Diabetic Patients: Pancreatic Hormone Linked with Severe Heart Disease in Obese

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/02/2012] Severe heart damage in people who are obese and diabetic is linked with a pancreatic hormone called amylin, University of California Davis researchers have found. In the failing hearts of patients who were obese and diabetic, the scientists discovered strings of proteins, small fibres and plaques made of amylin, the hormone that produces the feeling of being full after eating.Diabetic Patients: Pancreatic Hormone Linked with Severe Heart Disease in Obese - Read more

Psychology: Taking Depression to Heart

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/02/2012] Mental state can play a crucial role in physical health — medical professionals have long known about the connection between anxiety and the immune system, for example. Now researchers at Tel Aviv University have found that mental health can also interfere with the heart.Psychology: Taking Depression to Heart - Read more

Ovarian Cancer: Vulnerable to Anti-Angiogenic Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/02/2012] Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified a subtype of ovarian cancer able to build its own blood vessels, suggesting that such tumours might be especially susceptible to "anti-angiogenic" drugs that block blood vessel formation.Ovarian Cancer: Vulnerable to Anti-Angiogenic Drugs - Read more

Tumour: Antibodies to Intracellular Cancer Antigens Enhance Immunity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/02/2012] An international team of scientists in Japan, Switzerland, and the United States has confirmed that combining chemotherapy and immunotherapy in cancer treatment enhances the immune system's ability to find and eliminate cancer cells, even when the cancer-associated proteins targeted by the immune system are hidden behind the cancer cell membrane.Tumour: Antibodies to Intracellular Cancer Antigens Enhance Immunity - Read more

Cancer: New Software Key for Personalised Medicine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/02/2012] DNA Sequencing technologies provide massive amounts of data that are not easily processed and translated by scientists. That is why Georgia Tech has created a new data analysis algorithm that quickly transforms complex RNA sequence data into usable content for biologists and clinicians.Cancer: New Software Key for Personalised Medicine - Read more

AIDS: Protein Protects Cells from HIV Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/02/2012] A novel discovery by researchers at New York University Langone Medical Centre and colleagues reveals a mechanism by which the immune system tries to halt the spread of HIV. Harnessing this mechanism may open up new paths for therapeutic research aimed at slowing the virus' progression to AIDS.AIDS: Protein Protects Cells from HIV Infection - Read more

Children with Sleep Apnea: Sleep Breathing Machine Shows Benefits

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/02/2012] Children's Hospital of Philadelphia researchers find improvements in sleep, attention, quality of life: Children and adolescents with obstructive sleep apnea had substantial improvements in attention, anxiety and quality of life after treatment with positive airway pressure (PAP) — a nighttime therapy in which a machine delivers a stream of air through a mask into the nose.Children with Sleep Apnea: Sleep Breathing Machine Shows Benefits - Read more

Health Care: Tell Me How You Are – and I Know How Long You Will Live

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/02/2012] The way people rate their health determines their probability of survival in the following decades. Researchers from the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine at the University of Zurich demonstrate that for ratings ranging from “excellent”, “good”, “fair” and “poor” to “very poor”, the risk of mortality increases steadily.Health Care: Tell Me How You Are – and I Know How Long You Will Live - Read more

Osteoporosis Drug Use: Lower Risk for Additional Atypical Femur Fracture

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/02/2012] While the risk for suffering an atypical femur fracture while taking bisphosphonates is still very small – just 1 in 1,000 patients after six years of treatment – research of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) found that discontinuing bisphosphonate use following an atypical femur fracture can significantly lower the risk for a subsequent atypical fracture.Osteoporosis Drug Use: Lower Risk for Additional Atypical Femur Fracture - Read more

Lung: Treatment of Tuberculosis Can Be Guided by Patients' Genetics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/02/2012] A gene that influences the inflammatory response to infection may also predict the effectiveness of drug treatment for a deadly form of tuberculosis. That shows a study of an international collaboration between researchers at the University of Washington in Seattle, Duke University, Harvard University, the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Vietnam and Kings College London.Lung: Treatment of Tuberculosis Can Be Guided by Patients' Genetics - Read more

Orthopaedic: New Procedure Bests Standard of Care for Fixing Damaged Cartilage

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/02/2012] A new study has demonstrated that a procedure wherein healthy cartilage is transplanted to fix an area of damaged cartilage (osteoarticular cartilage transplantation or OATS procedure) is superior to the standard of care for repairing cartilage defects.Orthopaedic: New Procedure Bests Standard of Care for Fixing Damaged Cartilage - Read more

Eyes: Sound Rather than Sight Can Activate ‘Seeing’ for the Blind

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/02/2012] Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have tapped onto the visual cortex of the congenitally blind by using sensory substitution devices (SSDs), enabling the blind in effect to “see” and even describe objects.Eyes: Sound Rather than Sight Can Activate ‘Seeing’ for the Blind - Read more

Cardiovascular Disease: Obesity Surgery Cuts Heart Attacks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/02/2012] Obese patients, who undergo bariatric surgery run a 30 per cent lower risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke, reveal researchers from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, who believe that the priorities for bariatric surgery need to be revised.Cardiovascular Disease: Obesity Surgery Cuts Heart Attacks - Read more

Healthcare: Diabetes Rates Vary Widely in Developing Countries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/02/2012] Rates of diabetes vary widely across developing countries worldwide, according to a new analysis led by Doctor Longjian Liu of Drexel University’s School of Public Health.Healthcare: Diabetes Rates Vary Widely in Developing Countries - Read more

Children: Positive Parenting During Early Childhood May Prevent Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/02/2012] Programs that support parents during their child's early years hold promise for obesity prevention, according to a new study of New York University.Children: Positive Parenting During Early Childhood May Prevent Obesity - Read more

Asthma: Breastfeeding is Good for the lungs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/02/2012] Breastfeeding is associated with improved lung function at school age, particularly in children of asthmatic mothers, according to a new study from researchers in Switzerland and the United Kingdom.Asthma: Breastfeeding is Good for the lungs - Read more

Cytoskeleton: Small Molecules at the Cell’s Membrane Enable Cell Movement

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/02/2012] Cell biologists at Johns Hopkins have identified key steps in how certain molecules alter a cell’s skeletal shape and drive the cell’s movement. Results of their research have implications for figuring out what triggers the metastatic spread of cancer cells and wound-healing.Cytoskeleton: Small Molecules at the Cell’s Membrane Enable Cell Movement - Read more

Facing Forgetfulness: Recognising the Early Stages of Alzheimer‘s Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2012] Diagnosing advanced Alzheimer‘s nowadays is no longer difficult. And yet, to detect the so-called “progressive neurodegenerative brain disease with memory loss as the leading symptom“ early on, basic diagnostic methods are not sufficient. Facing Forgetfulness: Recognising the Early Stages of Alzheimer‘s Disease - Read more

Music: Training Has Biological Impact on Aging Process

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/01/2012] Age-related delays in neural timing are not inevitable and can be avoided or offset with musical training, according to a new study from Northwestern University. The study is the first to provide biological evidence that lifelong musical experience has an impact on the aging process. Music: Training Has Biological Impact on Aging Process - Read more

Blood Cancer: Leukaemia Cells Are “Bad to the Bone”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/01/2012] University of Rochester Medical Centre researchers have discovered new links between leukaemia cells and cells involved in bone formation, offering a fresh perspective on how the blood cancer progresses and raising the possibility that therapies for bone disorders could help in the treatment of leukaemia.Blood Cancer: Leukaemia Cells Are “Bad to the Bone” - Read more

Cancer Patients: Radiation Therapy Improves Patients' Quality of Life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/01/2012] Patients with head and neck cancers who have been treated with newer, more sophisticated radiation therapy technology enjoy a better quality of life than those treated with older radiation therapy equipment, a study by UC Davis researchers has found.Cancer Patients: Radiation Therapy Improves Patients' Quality of Life - Read more

Men: Brachytherapy Reduced Death Rates in High-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/01/2012] Brachytherapy for high-risk prostate cancers patients has historically been considered a less effective modality, but a new study from radiation oncologists at the Kimmel Cancer Centre at Jefferson suggests otherwise.Men: Brachytherapy Reduced Death Rates in High-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients - Read more

Health and Costs: Traffic-Related Air Pollution

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/01/2012] A research team led by University of Massachusetts Amherst with colleagues in California and Switzerland have revised the cost burden sharply upward for childhood asthma and for the first time include the number of cases attributable to air pollution, in a study.Health and Costs: Traffic-Related Air Pollution - Read more

Leukaemia: Drug Kills Cancerous T-Cells While Sparing Normal Immunity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/01/2012] Leukemic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (L-CTCL) is a leukaemia arising from T-cells, a type of white blood cell. This cancer can involve the skin and other organs, and patients often die within three years. Researchers of Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) report a new study that low-dose Campath not only treats patients with L-CTCL but does so without increasing their risk of infections.Leukaemia: Drug Kills Cancerous T-Cells While Sparing Normal Immunity - Read more

Adolescents: High Fructose Consumption May Put at Cardiovascular Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/01/2012] Evidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk is present in the blood of adolescents who consume a lot of fructose, a scenario that worsens in the face of excess belly fat, researchers of Georgia Health Sciences University report.Adolescents: High Fructose Consumption May Put at Cardiovascular Risk - Read more

Diabetics: Biochip Measures Glucose in Saliva, Not Blood

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/01/2012] Engineers at Brown University have designed a biological device that can measure glucose concentrations in human saliva. The technique could eliminate the need for diabetics to draw blood to check their glucose levels.Diabetics: Biochip Measures Glucose in Saliva, Not Blood - Read more

Cholesterol: Entry Point for Hepatitis C Infection Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/01/2012] A molecule embedded in the membrane of human liver cells that aids in cholesterol absorption also allows the entry of hepatitis C virus, the first step in hepatitis C infection, according to research at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine.Cholesterol: Entry Point for Hepatitis C Infection Identified - Read more

Preoperative MRI: Lower Risk of Nerve Damage in Prostate Cancer Surgeries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/01/2012] Preoperative MRI helps surgeons make more informed decisions about nerve-sparing procedures in men with prostate cancer, according to a new study of the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA).Preoperative MRI: Lower Risk of Nerve Damage in Prostate Cancer Surgeries - Read more

Genetic Analysis: Rare Disease and Mechanism of Hypertension

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/01/2012] Analysing all the genes of dozens of people suffering from a rare form of hypertension, Yale University researchers have discovered a new mechanism that regulates the blood pressure of all humans.Genetic Analysis: Rare Disease and Mechanism of Hypertension - Read more

Intensive-Care Medicine: ECMO as a Bridge to Lung Transplantation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/01/2012] Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in awake, non-intubated patients may be an effective strategy for bridging patients to lung transplantation, according to a new study of the Hannover Medical School in Hannover, Germany.Intensive-Care Medicine: ECMO as a Bridge to Lung Transplantation - Read more

Dimethylsphingosine: New Understanding of Chronic Pain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/01/2012] Millions of people worldwide suffer from a type of chronic pain called neuropathic pain, which is triggered by nerve damage. Precisely how this pain persists has been a mystery, and current treatments are largely ineffective. But a team led by scientists from The Scripps Research Institute, using a new approach known as metabolomics, has now discovered a major clue: dimethylsphingosine (DMS).Dimethylsphingosine: New Understanding of Chronic Pain - Read more

Children: Google Seek Answers for Autism

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/01/2012] Researchers at the University of Utah have created a program that helps kids with autism focus on building their skills and utilising an aptitude for visual-spatial thinking, computers and other electronic media.Children: Google Seek Answers for Autism - Read more

Hypersensitivity: Why Do Smells Make Some People Sick

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/01/2012] Do you get a headache from the perfume of the lady next to you at the table? Do cleaning solutions at work make your nose itch? If you have symptoms prompted by everyday smells, it does not necessarily mean you are allergic but rather that you suffer from chemical intolerance. According to a scientist at Umea University this hypersensitivity can be the result of an inability to get used to smells.Hypersensitivity: Why Do Smells Make Some People Sick - Read more

Drug-Cost: Anti-Malaria Drug Synthesised with Oxygen and Light

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/01/2012] It will be possible to provide medication for the 225 million malaria patients in developing countries at an affordable price. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces in Potsdam have developed a very simple process for the synthesis of artemisinin, the active ingredient that pharmaceutical companies could only obtain from plants up to now.Drug-Cost: Anti-Malaria Drug Synthesised with Oxygen and Light - Read more

Accidents: Headphone-Distracted Pedestrians face Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/01/2012] Listen up, pedestrians wearing headphones. Can you hear the trains or cars around you? Many probably cannot, especially young adult males. Serious injuries to pedestrians listening to headphones have more than tripled in six years, according to new research from the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the University of Maryland Medical Centre in Baltimore.Accidents: Headphone-Distracted Pedestrians face Death - Read more

Older Adults: "Exergames" May Provide Cognitive Benefit

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/01/2012] Virtual reality-enhanced exercise, or "exergames," combining physical exercise with computer-simulated environments and interactive videogame features, can yield a greater cognitive benefit for older adults than traditional exercise alone, according to a new study.Older Adults: "Exergames" May Provide Cognitive Benefit - Read more

Neural Balls and Strikes: Where Categories Live in the Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/01/2012] Hundreds of times during a baseball game, the home plate umpire must instantaneously categorise a fast-moving pitch as a ball or a strike. In new research from the University of Chicago, scientists have pinpointed an area in the brain where these kinds of visual categories are encoded.Neural Balls and Strikes: Where Categories Live in the Brain - Read more

T Cells Therapy: How Immune Cells Destroy Cancer Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/01/2012] Doctor Kathleen Anders and Professor Thomas Blankenstein of the Max Delbrück Centre (MDC) Berlin-Buch and researchers of the Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope Cancer Centre in Duarte, California, USA showed that drug-based cancer treatment and adoptive T cell therapy are both highly effective against large tumours.T Cells Therapy: How Immune Cells Destroy Cancer Cells - Read more

Drug Safety: Novel Way to Prevent Drug-Induced Liver Injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/01/2012] Rutgers University and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators have developed a novel strategy to protect the liver from drug-induced injury and improve associated drug safety.Drug Safety: Novel Way to Prevent Drug-Induced Liver Injury - Read more

Women: Educating About Heart Attacks Could Save Lives

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/01/2012] Heart attacks in women go largely unrecognised 30 to 55 per cent of the time and those who miss the warning signs and fail or delay getting help, run the risk of death or grave disability. But researchers at Binghamton University and SUNY Upstate Medical University have developed an educational program they believe will shorten the time to treatment and ultimately, save lives.Women: Educating About Heart Attacks Could Save Lives - Read more

Children: Hospitalisation Following Drowning-Related Incidents

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/01/2012] Fewer children required hospitalisation following a drowning incident over the last two decades, according to a new study from the Johns Hopkins Centre for Injury Research and Policy.Children: Hospitalisation Following Drowning-Related Incidents - Read more

Overweight Adults: Diet Rich in Slowly Digested Carbs Reduces Markers of Inflammation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/01/2012] Among overweight and obese adults, a diet rich in slowly digested carbohydrates, such as whole grains, legumes and other high-fibre foods, significantly reduces markers of inflammation associated with chronic disease, according to a new study by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Centre.Overweight Adults: Diet Rich in Slowly Digested Carbs Reduces Markers of Inflammation - Read more

Cryo-Electron Microscopy: Novel Approach to View Inner Workings of Viruses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/01/2012] Since the discovery of the microscope, scientists have tried to visualise smaller and smaller structures to provide insights into the inner workings of human cells, bacteria and viruses. Now, researchers at the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) have developed a new way to see structures within viruses that were not clearly seen before.Cryo-Electron Microscopy: Novel Approach to View Inner Workings of Viruses - Read more

Cirrhosis: High Rates of Disability and Health Care

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/01/2012] Older patients with cirrhosis have significant functional disability, require twice the amount of informal care giving, and contribute added strain on the health care system, according to University of Michigan research. Given the increase in obesity and aging of those with hepatitis C (HCV), researchers expect the prevalence of cirrhosis to climb among older Americans.Cirrhosis: High Rates of Disability and Health Care - Read more

High-Risk Patients: Stenting for Stroke Prevention Becoming Safer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/01/2012] Placing a stent in a key artery in the neck is safer than ever in patients ineligible for the standard surgical treatment of carotid artery disease, according to a new study of University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health.High-Risk Patients: Stenting for Stroke Prevention Becoming Safer - Read more

Hygiene: Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak Linked to Hospital's Decorative Fountain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/01/2012] A 2010 outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in Wisconsin has been linked to a decorative fountain in a hospital lobby, according to a study of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.Hygiene: Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak Linked to Hospital's Decorative Fountain - Read more

Prostate: New Strategy to Deliver Chemotherapy to Cancer Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/01/2012] Honing chemotherapy delivery to cancer cells is a challenge for many researchers. Getting the cancer cells to take the chemotherapy "bait" is a greater challenge. But perhaps such a challenge has not been met with greater success than by the nanotechnology research team of Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH).Prostate: New Strategy to Deliver Chemotherapy to Cancer Cells - Read more

Diagnosis: Alzheimer’s damage occurs early

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/01/2012] The first changes in the brain of a person with Alzheimer’s disease can be observed as much as ten years in advance – ten years before the person in question has become so ill that he or she can be diagnosed with the disease. This is what a new study from Lund University in Sweden has found.Diagnosis: Alzheimer’s damage occurs early - Read more

Cardiovascular Disease: Unique Protein Organisation in Arteries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/01/2012] Human arteries stiffen as a person ages. This stiffening is a factor in cardiovascular disease because it contributes to the circulatory complications in disorders such as high blood pressure and diabetes. University of Missouri researchers have now used advanced 3-D microscopic imaging technology to identify and monitor the proteins involved in this stiffening process.Cardiovascular Disease: Unique Protein Organisation in Arteries - Read more

Diabetes: Controlling Blood Pressure is Crucial, but Not Urgent

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/01/2012] A new study of University of Chicago suggests that middle-aged adults recently diagnosed with diabetes and hypertension have time to try to learn how to control their high blood pressure without medications, but not too much time.Diabetes: Controlling Blood Pressure is Crucial, but Not Urgent - Read more

Mucopolysaccharidoses: New Test Spots Early Signs of Inherited Metabolic Disorders

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/01/2012] A team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, have developed a simple, reliable test for identifying biomarkers for mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS), a group of inherited metabolic disorders that are currently diagnosed in patients only after symptoms have become serious and the damage possibly irreversible.Mucopolysaccharidoses: New Test Spots Early Signs of Inherited Metabolic Disorders - Read more

Prostata Cancer: Proton Therapy an Effective Treatment?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2012] Proton therapy, a type of external beam radiation therapy, is a safe and effective treatment for prostate cancer, according to two new American studies.Prostata Cancer: Proton Therapy an Effective Treatment? - Read more

Smokers: Statins May Increase Risk of Interstitial Lung Abnormalities

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/01/2012] Use of statins may influence susceptibility to or the progression of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in smokers, according to a new study of Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston.Smokers: Statins May Increase Risk of Interstitial Lung Abnormalities - Read more

Cholesterol: Benefits of Statin Therapy May Extend Beyond Lowering Lipids

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/01/2012] A study led by researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, has identified a molecular pathway that leads to this abnormal blood clotting and turned it off using a popular class of cholesterol-lowering drugs, statins.Cholesterol: Benefits of Statin Therapy May Extend Beyond Lowering Lipids - Read more

Metabolism: New Gene that Regulates Body Weight

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/01/2012] Abraham Kovoor of the University of Rhode Island's College of Pharmacy was studying a brain protein, called RGS9 2, that he had previously related to the involuntary, random and repetitive body movements that are side effects of drugs used to treat Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia.Metabolism: New Gene that Regulates Body Weight - Read more

Drug Research: Fewer Animal Experiments Thanks to Nanosensors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/01/2012] Experiments on animals have been the subject of criticism for decades. The number of tests involving laboratory animals has in fact gone up. Now, researchers of the Fraunhofer Research Institution for Modular Solid State Technologies EMFT in Munich, Germany have found an alternative approach: they hope sensor nanoparticles will reduce the need for animal testing.Drug Research: Fewer Animal Experiments Thanks to Nanosensors - Read more

Monkey pox: Novel Compound to Halt Virus Replication

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/01/2012] Scientists of Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have identified a novel compound that inhibits viruses from replicating. The findings could lead to the development of highly targeted compounds to block the replication of poxviruses, such as the emerging infectious disease Monkey pox.Monkey pox: Novel Compound to Halt Virus Replication - Read more

Cells: Hepatitis C Virus Hijacks Liver MicroRNA

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/01/2012] Scientists at the University of North Carolina, working with colleagues from the University of Colorado, have shown for the first time how a small RNA molecule that regulates gene expression in human liver cells has been hijacked by the hepatitis C virus to ensure its own survival – helping medical scientists understand why a new antiviral drug appears to be effective against the virus.Cells: Hepatitis C Virus Hijacks Liver MicroRNA - Read more

Eye Diseases: Outside Temperatures, Sun Exposure and Gender May Trigger Glaucoma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/01/2012] When it comes to whether or not you will develop exfoliation syndrome (ES) – an eye condition that is a leading cause of secondary open-angle glaucoma and increased risk of cataract as well as cataract surgery complications – age, gender and where you live does matter, according to a study of Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary.Eye Diseases: Outside Temperatures, Sun Exposure and Gender May Trigger Glaucoma - Read more

Breast Cancer Survivors: Practicing Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Helps

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/01/2012] Previous research reports as many as 50 per cent of breast cancer survivors are depressed. Now, University of Missouri researchers say a meditation technique can help breast cancer survivors improve their emotional and physical well-being.Breast Cancer Survivors: Practicing Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Helps - Read more

Lightning Fast Genome Analysis: “Our findings are especially interesting for cancer research”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/01/2012] Today, genome analyses can take up to 30 days. A new database technology is meant to help in analyzing and evaluating vast amounts of medical data in real-time. Doctor Matthieu-P. Schapranow from the Hasso Plattner Institute for Software Systems Engineering (HPI) explains how in-memory technology works and how it benefits personalized medicine.Lightning Fast Genome Analysis: “Our findings are especially interesting for cancer research” - Read more

Emotional Relationship: Study Links Quality of Mother-toddler Relationship to Teen Obesity

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/12/2011] The quality of the emotional relationship between a mother and her young child could affect the potential for that child to be obese during adolescence, a new study by Ohio State University suggests.Emotional Relationship: Study Links Quality of Mother-toddler Relationship to Teen Obesity - Read more

Vegetables and Fish: Mediterranean Diet Gives Longer Life

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/12/2011] A Mediterranean diet with large amounts of vegetables and fish gives a longer life. This is the unanimous result of four studies to be published by the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg. Vegetables and Fish: Mediterranean Diet Gives Longer Life - Read more

Immunological Defense Mechanism: Malaria Patients Vulnerable to Deadly Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/12/2011] The link between malaria and salmonella infections has been explained for the first time, opening the way to more effective treatments.Immunological Defense Mechanism: Malaria Patients Vulnerable to Deadly Infection - Read more

Respiratory: Link Between Pulmonary Inflammation, Diesel Exhaust, House Dust

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/12/2011] A study conducted by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has found that diesel exhaust particulates (DEP) and house dust extract (HDE) causes pulmonary inflammation that aggravates asthma.Respiratory: Link Between Pulmonary Inflammation, Diesel Exhaust, House Dust - Read more

Statins: Cholesterol-Lowering Medication Accelerates Depletion of Plaque in Arteries

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/12/2011] In a new study, NYU Langone Medical Centre researchers have discovered how cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins promote the breakdown of plaque in the arteries. The findings support a large clinical study that recently showed patients taking high-doses of the cholesterol-lowering medications not only reduced their cholesterol levels but also reduced the amount of plaque in their arteries.Statins: Cholesterol-Lowering Medication Accelerates Depletion of Plaque in Arteries - Read more

Diagnostics: Measurements Towards Earlier Diagnosis in Alzheimer's Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/12/2011] European PredictAD project, lead by Principal Scientist Jyrki Lötjönen from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, has developed a decision support tool for objective diagnostics of Alzheimer's disease.Diagnostics: Measurements Towards Earlier Diagnosis in Alzheimer's Disease - Read more

Cells: Protection Against Early Stages of Atherosclerosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/12/2011] Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have identified for the first time the A2b adenosine receptor (A2bAR) as a possible new therapeutic target against atherosclerosis resulting from a diet high in fat and cholesterol. The findings may have significant public health implications.Cells: Protection Against Early Stages of Atherosclerosis - Read more

Control by the Matrix: Role of Proteins in the Cell Environment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/12/2011] How astrocytes, certain cells of the nervous system, are generated was largely unknown up to now. Researchers of Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany) have now investigated what influence the cell environment, known as the extracellular matrix, has on this process.Control by the Matrix: Role of Proteins in the Cell Environment - Read more

Gene Therapy: Early Success Against Hereditary Bleeding Disorder

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/12/2011] Symptoms improved significantly in adults with the bleeding disorder haemophilia B following a single treatment with gene therapy developed by researchers at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis and demonstrated to be safe in a clinical trial conducted at the University College London (UCL) in the United Kingdom.Gene Therapy: Early Success Against Hereditary Bleeding Disorder - Read more

Hospital Room Cleaning: New Disinfection Technique

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/12/2011] A Queen’s University infectious disease expert has collaborated in the development of a disinfection system that may change the way hospital rooms all over the world are cleaned as well as stop bed bug outbreaks in hotels and apartments.Hospital Room Cleaning: New Disinfection Technique - Read more

Children: New Approach to Management of Overeating

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/12/2011] Current methods to treat overeating in youth focus on therapies that restrict what kids may eat, requiring them to track their food intake and engage in intensive exercise. But for most children, such behavioural therapy techniques do not work long term, according to Doctor Kerri Boutelle from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.Children: New Approach to Management of Overeating - Read more

Heart Attacks: Stopping Dangerous Cell Regrowth Reduces Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/12/2011] Like Yin and Yang, the two proteins have opposite effects in the walls of blood vessels. AIF-1 stimulates undesirable formation of new cells after a vascular injury, and IRT-1 has the opposite effect. It is the latter, IRT-1, that researcher of Lund University in Sweden and Temple University in the USA want to use to stop a dangerous development in the artery.Heart Attacks: Stopping Dangerous Cell Regrowth Reduces Risk - Read more

Infectious Disease: Unconventional Approach to Control HIV Epidemics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/12/2011] Because PrEP is based on the same drugs used to treat HIV-infected individuals, the big public health fear is that the dual use of these drugs will lead to skyrocketing levels of drug resistance. But in a new study, researchers of University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) say the exact opposite is likely to happen.Infectious Disease: Unconventional Approach to Control HIV Epidemics - Read more

Central Nervous System: How Brain Corrects Bumps to Body

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/12/2011] Researchers of the Queen’s University have identified the area of the brain that controls our ability to correct our movement after we have been hit or bumped — a finding that may have implications for understanding why subjects with stroke often have severe difficulties moving.Central Nervous System: How Brain Corrects Bumps to Body - Read more

DNA: Video Game Players Advancing Genetic Research

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/12/2011] Thousands of video game players have helped significantly advance our understanding of the genetic basis of diseases such as Alzheimer’s, diabetes and cancer over the past year. They are the users of a web-based video game developed by Doctor Jérôme Waldispuhl of the McGill School of Computer Science.DNA: Video Game Players Advancing Genetic Research - Read more

Lymphedema Patients: Exercise for Breast Cancer Survivors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/12/2011] Lymphedema, a chronic swelling condition common in breast cancer survivors, affects three million people in the United States. In the past, most people believed that exercise might induce or worsen lymphedema. After reviewing the literature, University of Missouri researchers say the benefits of exercise outweigh the risks for breast cancer survivors and patients with lymphedema.Lymphedema Patients: Exercise for Breast Cancer Survivors - Read more

Orthopaedics: 3-D Printer to Make Bone-Like Material

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/12/2011] Washington State University researchers have used a 3D printer to create a bone-like material and structure that can be used in orthopaedic procedures, dental work, and to deliver medicine for treating osteoporosis. Paired with actual bone, it acts as a scaffold for new bone to grow on and ultimately dissolves with no apparent ill effects.Orthopaedics: 3-D Printer to Make Bone-Like Material - Read more

Biochip: Recognising Blood Poisoning Quickly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/12/2011] Is the patient suffering from blood poisoning? To answer this question, the doctor draws a blood sample and sends it to a central laboratory for testing. In future, physicians will be able to analyse blood there and then and have the results within twenty minutes. This is made possible by a biochip, developed by scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques IPM.Biochip: Recognising Blood Poisoning Quickly - Read more

Neuroendocrine Tumours: Everolimus Prolongs Progression-Free Survival

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2011] Combination treatment with everolimus, an inhibitor of the mammalian target rapamycin (mTOR), and octreotide has shown to improve progression-free survival for patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumours and a history of carcinoid syndrome, according to researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Centre.Neuroendocrine Tumours: Everolimus Prolongs Progression-Free Survival - Read more

Abdominal Pain: Use of Opioid Painkillers Has More than Doubled

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2011] Across United States outpatient clinics between 1997 and 2008, opioid prescriptions for chronic abdominal pain more than doubled, according to a new study of the American Gastroenterological Association.Abdominal Pain: Use of Opioid Painkillers Has More than Doubled - Read more

Teacher Burnout: “The goal is to help the affected person in solving problems“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2011] In the mornings you are always right and in the afternoons you have time off – this prejudice about teachers is always quoted when teachers describe the struggles of their jobs. And yet it’s this profession in particular that’s acutely threatened by stress-related diseases such as burnout for instance. Teacher Burnout: “The goal is to help the affected person in solving problems“ - Read more

Widespread Diseases: Fighting Fat with Fat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/11/2011] Coordinated by the German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ), a European research consortium is searching for ways to use brown fat tissue for combating widespread diseases such as type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.Widespread Diseases: Fighting Fat with Fat - Read more

Metformin: Diabetes Drug Shows Promise in Reducing Risk of Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/11/2011] An inexpensive drug that treats Type-2 diabetes has been shown to prevent a number of natural and man-made chemicals from stimulating the growth of breast cancer cells, according to a study by a Michigan State University researcher.Metformin: Diabetes Drug Shows Promise in Reducing Risk of Cancer - Read more

Surgery: Integrated 3-D Imaging Facilitates Human Face Transplantation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/11/2011] By combining conventional medical imaging with some of the same 3-D modelling techniques used in Hollywood blockbusters, researchers of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre (UPMC) are offering new hope to victims of serious facial injuries.Surgery: Integrated 3-D Imaging Facilitates Human Face Transplantation - Read more

Neurobiology: Researchers Decode a Puzzling Movement Disorder

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/11/2011] Neurodegenerative diseases represent one of the greatest challenges of our aging society. However, investigation into these diseases is made particularly difficult due to the limited availability of human brain tissue. Scientists from the Life and Brain Research Centre and Neurology Clinic of Bonn University (Germany) have now taken a roundabout path.Neurobiology: Researchers Decode a Puzzling Movement Disorder - Read more

Joint Disease: Better Dealing with Osteoarthritis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/11/2011] A step towards better understanding of the biological mechanism involved in the onset of osteoarthritis (OA), which affects millions of people around the world, has been shown in research carried out at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and in the United States.Joint Disease: Better Dealing with Osteoarthritis - Read more

Resuscitation: Sharp Decrease in Deaths from Sudden Cardiac Arrest

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/11/2011] Only a few decades ago, sudden cardiac arrest was a death sentence. Today, a victim of sudden cardiac arrest is saved roughly once every six hours in Sweden, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, reviewing all cases of sudden cardiac arrest over a 30-year period.Resuscitation: Sharp Decrease in Deaths from Sudden Cardiac Arrest - Read more

Damaged Nerves: Improved Method of Electrical Stimulation Could Help Treat

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/11/2011] Earlier this fall, a plastic surgery research team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre (BIDMC) found a new method of nerve stimulation that reduces the device's electrical threshold by 40 per cent, compared with traditional FES therapy. The findings could help researchers develop a safer, more efficient functional electrical stimulation (FES) therapy with fewer side effects.Damaged Nerves: Improved Method of Electrical Stimulation Could Help Treat - Read more

Blood Vessels: Substance in Cancer Medicine Could Prevent Heart Attacks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/11/2011] A substance in medicines for cancer and epilepsy could also prevent heart attacks, according to researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, who have been using it to stimulate the body’s own defence system against blood clots.Blood Vessels: Substance in Cancer Medicine Could Prevent Heart Attacks - Read more

Global Life Science: Hiring Index Reverses Growth Trend

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/11/2011] Global challenges in the general markets seem to have impacted hiring in the life sciences and health care sectors as the ZRG Partners GLSI index posted a 17.3 per cent decrease in overall hiring for the third quarter.Global Life Science: Hiring Index Reverses Growth Trend - Read more

Cells: New Class of Drugs for the Reversible Inhibition of Proteasomes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/11/2011] As the “recycling plant” of the cell, the proteasome regulates vitally important functions. Cancer cells, in particular, are very sensitive because they need the proteasome for their uncontrolled growth. Biochemists at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) have now identified the lead structure of a new class of drugs that attacks the proteasome in an unusual way.Cells: New Class of Drugs for the Reversible Inhibition of Proteasomes - Read more

Abdominal Cancers: Probiotic Protects Intestine from Radiation Injury

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/11/2011] Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that taking a probiotic before radiation therapy can protect the intestine from damage — at least in mice. The new study suggests that taking a probiotic also may help cancer patients avoid intestinal injury, a common problem in those receiving radiation therapy for abdominal cancers.Abdominal Cancers: Probiotic Protects Intestine from Radiation Injury - Read more

Haemoglobin: Protection from Severe Malaria Explained

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/11/2011] Why do people with a hereditary mutation of the red blood pigment haemoglobin (as is the case with sickle-cell anaemia prevalent in Africa) not contract severe malaria? Scientists in the group headed by Professor Michael Lanzer of the Department of Infectious Diseases at Heidelberg University Hospital (Germany) have now solved this mystery.Haemoglobin: Protection from Severe Malaria Explained - Read more

Parkinson's: Parkinsonian Worms May Hold the Key to Identifying Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/11/2011] Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have devised a simple test, using dopamine-deficient worms, for identifying drugs that may help people with Parkinson's disease. The worms are able to evaluate as many as 1,000 potential drugs a year. The researchers have received federal funding that could increase that to one million drug tests a year.Parkinson's: Parkinsonian Worms May Hold the Key to Identifying Drugs - Read more

Bypass Surgery: Cangrelor Provides Effective Maintenance of Platelet Inhibition

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/11/2011] Data from the BRIDGE clinical trial demonstrate that intravenous use of the drug cangrelor was effective at maintaining platelet inhibition in patients on thienopyridines who required bypass surgery. Trial results were presented at the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium.Bypass Surgery: Cangrelor Provides Effective Maintenance of Platelet Inhibition - Read more

Duesseldorf: MEDICA 2011 + COMPAMED 2011 Start with a Record Number of Participants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/11/2011] In the week ahead, from 16 - 19 November 2011, the attention of health and medical care professionals from around the world will once again focus on Düsseldorf, as the world's largest medical trade fair, MEDICA 2011, World Forum for Medicine, and COMPAMED 2011, High tech solutions for medical technology, the leading trade fair for the suppliers market in medical manufacturing, get underway.Duesseldorf: MEDICA 2011 + COMPAMED 2011 Start with a Record Number of Participants - Read more

Diabetes: Brain Plays Role in Regulating Blood Sugar

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/11/2011] Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have demonstrated for the first time that the brain is a key player in regulating glucose metabolism in humans. The findings suggest that drugs targeting the brain and central nervous system could be a novel approach to treating diabetes.Diabetes: Brain Plays Role in Regulating Blood Sugar - Read more

HCV: Experimental Drug Suppresses Rebound in Liver Transplant Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/11/2011] A human monoclonal antibody developed of the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) given to patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection undergoing liver transplantation significantly suppressed the virus for at least a week after transplant and delayed the time to viral rebound.HCV: Experimental Drug Suppresses Rebound in Liver Transplant Patients - Read more

Vaccine: Polio Still a Threat to Public Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/11/2011] Health professionals and researchers across the globe believe they are on the verge of eradicating polio, a devastating virus which can lead to paralysis and death. Despite successful eradication in most countries, there are still four countries where the virus is considered endemic — and many more in which the virus still lurks.Vaccine: Polio Still a Threat to Public Health - Read more

Study: Stroke Prevention Clinics Reduce 1-Year Mortality Rates

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/11/2011] Research led by Doctor Vladimir Hachinski of The University of Western Ontario reveals just how important it is for patients to be referred to a stroke prevention clinic following either a mild stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA). The study showed a 26 per cent reduction in one-year mortality rates among those referred to a stroke prevention clinic.Study: Stroke Prevention Clinics Reduce 1-Year Mortality Rates - Read more

Drugs: Increased Risk of Schizophrenia in Heavy Methamphetamine Users

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/11/2011] In a study, scientists from Toronto's Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) found evidence that heavy methamphetamine users might have a higher risk of developing schizophrenia. This finding was based on a large study comparing the risk among methamphetamine users not only to a group that did not use drugs, but also to heavy users of other drugs.Drugs: Increased Risk of Schizophrenia in Heavy Methamphetamine Users - Read more

Tumour Cell Formation and Growth: Metabolic Protein Plays Unexpected Role

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/11/2011] The embryonic enzyme pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) has a well-established role in metabolism and is highly expressed in human cancers. Now, a team led by researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Centre reports that PKM2 has important non-metabolic functions in cancer formation.Tumour Cell Formation and Growth: Metabolic Protein Plays Unexpected Role - Read more

Pharmacology: Nano-Technology Makes Medicine Greener

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/11/2011] Researchers at the University of Copenhagen are behind the development of a new method that will make it possible to develop drugs faster and greener. This will lead to cheaper medicine for consumers.Pharmacology: Nano-Technology Makes Medicine Greener - Read more

Children: Body Weight, Sleep-disordered Breathing and Cognition Linked

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/11/2011] Researchers at the University of Chicago have found important new relationships between obesity, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and cognitive processing among elementary school children. Children: Body Weight, Sleep-disordered Breathing and Cognition Linked - Read more

Deficiency May Hinder Recovery: Low Vitamin D Common in Spine Surgery Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[03/11/2011] A new study indicates that many patients undergoing spine surgery have low levels of vitamin D, which may delay their recovery. In the study of 313 patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery, orthopaedic surgeons at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that more than half had inadequate levels of vitamin D, including one-fourth who were more severely deficient.Deficiency May Hinder Recovery: Low Vitamin D Common in Spine Surgery Patients - Read more

Health Care: Poorer Countries Have Worse Stroke Outcomes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/11/2011] People living in poor countries or countries that spend proportionately less on health-care are about 30 per cent more likely to have a stroke, a new study shows. They are also more likely to die from a stroke within 30 days, have a stroke at a younger age or have a hemorrhagic stroke – a more severe type caused by a burst blood vessel bleeding in or near the brain.Health Care: Poorer Countries Have Worse Stroke Outcomes - Read more

Human Genes: “Junk DNA” May Give Rise to Evolutionary Innovation

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[02/11/2011] The vast majority of the human genome consists of DNA without any apparent function, so-called “junk DNA”. A study of Heidelberg University's Centre for Organismal Studies now highlights this “dark matter” of the genome as a resource for evolutionary novelty.Human Genes: “Junk DNA” May Give Rise to Evolutionary Innovation - Read more

Early Detection of Disease: New Top-Down Strategy of Identifying Proteins

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/10/2011] The human genome has been mapped. Now, it's on to proteins, a much more daunting task. There are 20,300 genes, but there are millions of distinct protein molecules in our bodies. Many of these hold keys to understanding disease and targeting treatment. A team led by Northwestern University has developed a new "top-down" method that can separate and identify thousands of protein molecules quickly.Early Detection of Disease: New Top-Down Strategy of Identifying Proteins - Read more

Inherited Kidney Disease: Strides Toward Drug Therapy

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[31/10/2011] Scientists at University of California, Santa Barbara have discovered that patients with an inherited kidney disease may be helped by a drug that is currently available for other uses.Inherited Kidney Disease: Strides Toward Drug Therapy - Read more

Sexuality: First Evidence That Anal Cancer Is Preventable

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/10/2011] An international clinical trial led by scientists at the University of California, San Francisco indicates that a vaccine to prevent anal cancer is safe and effective. Though anal cancer is less common than other forms of the disease in the United States, the number of cases has increased in recent years, and is particularly common among men who have sex with men and HIV-infected individuals.Sexuality: First Evidence That Anal Cancer Is Preventable - Read more

Cardiology: New Pathway Critical to Heart Arrhythmia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/10/2011] University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers have uncovered a previously unknown molecular pathway that is critical to understanding cardiac arrhythmia and other heart muscle problems. Understanding the basic science of heart and muscle function could open the door to new treatments.Cardiology: New Pathway Critical to Heart Arrhythmia - Read more

Diabetes: World’s Largest Study Targeting Foot Ulcers

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/10/2011] What’s crucial for a diabetic’s foot sore to heal is that the ulcer is superficial, blood circulation is normal, and the person has had diabetes for short time. This is shown in the world’s largest diabetes study regarding foot ulcers, which have been carried out by the researcher Magdalena Annersten Gershater at Malmö University in Sweden.Diabetes: World’s Largest Study Targeting Foot Ulcers - Read more

Body Weight: Diet May Be Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/10/2011] Body weight in young adulthood and diet appeared to be associated with the risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. "The causes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are poorly understood, and unfortunately, we do not know very much about specific ways to prevent or lower the risk for this disease," said Doctor Kimberly Bertrand of the Harvard School of Public Health.Body Weight: Diet May Be Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - Read more

Children: Autistic Brains Develop More Slowly Than Healthy Brains

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/10/2011] Researchers at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have found a possible explanation for why autistic children act and think differently than their peers. For the first time, they've shown that the connections between brain regions that are important for language and social skills grow much more slowly in boys with autism than in non-autistic children.Children: Autistic Brains Develop More Slowly Than Healthy Brains - Read more

Tropical Medicine: “You must not underestimate the capability of these viruses“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/10/2011] Tropical diseases used to appear almost exclusively in remote countries – hence the name. The mosquito bite was annoying, but nevertheless harmless in European regions. But the flying pests keep spreading and spreading. And they carry tiny, but dangerous pathogens. Scientists now found out that these viruses are now settling down in Europe. They are called Sindbis, Batai or Usutu. Tropical Medicine: “You must not underestimate the capability of these viruses“ - Read more

Preeclampsia: Early Detection and Immediate Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/10/2011] A blood test can help to assess whether a pregnant woman who suffers from pregnancy-induced hypertension, so-called preeclampsia, is at risk for an imminent delivery. This knowledge can be used to determine the due date as well as avoid complications for mother and child. This report scientists at Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin.Preeclampsia: Early Detection and Immediate Treatment - Read more

Cambodia: Early HIV Treatment Increases Survival in Patients with Tuberculosis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/10/2011] Timing is everything when treating patients with both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB). Starting HIV therapy in such patients within two weeks of TB treatment, rather than two months as is the current practice, increases survival by 33 per cent, according to a large-scale clinical trial in Cambodia led by researchers at Children's Hospital Boston.Cambodia: Early HIV Treatment Increases Survival in Patients with Tuberculosis - Read more

COPD Therapy: Why Is Steroid Treatment Ineffective for COPD?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/10/2011] A new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, found why corticosteroids do not work well for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and how additional treatment with sulforaphane - an ingredient of broccoli and other vegetables - can improve the effectiveness of corticosteroids.COPD Therapy: Why Is Steroid Treatment Ineffective for COPD? - Read more

New Method: Drug Tracked in Tissue

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/10/2011] When a new drug is developed, the manufacturer must be able to show that it reaches its intended goal in the body’s tissue, and only that goal. Such studies could be made easier with a new method now established at Lund University in Sweden.New Method: Drug Tracked in Tissue - Read more

Drug Delivery: Gene Therapy Without a Needle

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/10/2011] For the first time, researchers of Ohio State University have found a way to inject a precise dose of a gene therapy agent directly into a single living cell without a needle. The technique uses electricity to “shoot” bits of therapeutic bio molecules through a tiny channel and into a cell in a fraction of a second.Drug Delivery: Gene Therapy Without a Needle - Read more

Prostate and Breast Cancer: Same Gene Has Opposite Effects

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/10/2011] Researchers at Cleveland Clinic have discovered that a gene – known as an androgen receptor (AR) – is found in both prostate and breast cancers yet has opposite effects on these diseases.Prostate and Breast Cancer: Same Gene Has Opposite Effects - Read more

Hygiene: One in Six Mobile Phones Is Contaminated with Faecal Bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/10/2011] One in six mobile phones in Britain is contaminated with faecal matter, according to new research released ahead of Global Handwashing Day. Experts say the most likely reason for the potentially harmful bacteria festering on so many gadgets is people failing to wash their hands properly with soap after going to the toilet.Hygiene: One in Six Mobile Phones Is Contaminated with Faecal Bacteria - Read more

Diabetes: Older Beta Cells Act Young Again

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/10/2011] Now, long-time by Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International (JDRF)-funded researchers at Stanford University have identified a pathway responsible for the age-related decline, and have shown that they can tweak it to get older beta cells to act young again - and start dividing.Diabetes: Older Beta Cells Act Young Again - Read more

Neurology: Aging's Effect on the Brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[11/10/2011] Research by biologists at the University of York and Hull York Medical School has revealed important new information about the way the brain is affected by age. Working with scientists at the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry in Plymouth, they have studied responses to stress in synapses - neuronal connections.Neurology: Aging's Effect on the Brain - Read more

HIV and HPV: Earlier Circumcision May Be Effective Intervention

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2011] According to Doctor Anna R. Giuliano, program leader in cancer epidemiology at Moffitt Cancer Centre in Tampa, and colleagues in the Netherlands, earlier circumcision of males in South Africa may be a positive step in slowing the spread of both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the human papillomavirus (HPV).HIV and HPV: Earlier Circumcision May Be Effective Intervention - Read more

Wake-Sleep Patterns: Lack of Sleep Affects Brain Synapses

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[10/10/2011] An ongoing lack of sleep during adolescence could lead to more than dragging, foggy teens, a University of Wisconsin-Madison study suggests. Researchers have found that short-term sleep restriction in adolescent mice prevented the balanced growth and depletion of brain synapses, connections between nerve cells where communication occurs.Wake-Sleep Patterns: Lack of Sleep Affects Brain Synapses - Read more

New Metabolic Pathway: Dioxin-like Chemical Messenger Makes Brain Tumours More Aggressive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/10/2011] A research alliance of Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Centre (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ), jointly with colleagues of the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Leipzig, have discovered a new metabolic pathway which makes malignant brain tumours (gliomas) more aggressive and weakens patients’ immune systems.New Metabolic Pathway: Dioxin-like Chemical Messenger Makes Brain Tumours More Aggressive - Read more

Blood Vessel: Circadian Clock May Impact Organ Transplant Success

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/10/2011] Health care providers assess blood and tissue type as well as organ size and health to enhance transplant success. New research indicates that checklist might also need to include the circadian clock.Blood Vessel: Circadian Clock May Impact Organ Transplant Success - Read more

Manipulated Gatekeeper: How Viruses Find Their Way Into the Cell Nucleus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/10/2011] Adenoviruses cause respiratory diseases and are more dangerous for humans than previously assumed. They manipulate gatekeeper molecules and infiltrate the cell nucleus with the aid of the host cell. A team of researchers have succeeded in demonstrating this mechanism in detail for the first time.Manipulated Gatekeeper: How Viruses Find Their Way Into the Cell Nucleus - Read more

Children: Dyslexia Isn’t a Matter of IQ

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/09/2011] Historically, the label has been assigned to kids who are bright, even verbally articulate, but who struggle with reading—in short, whose high intelligence quotient (IQ) mismatch their low reading scores. When children are not as bright, however, their reading troubles have been chalked up to their general intellectual limitations.Children: Dyslexia Isn’t a Matter of IQ - Read more

Epidemiology: Tracing an Elusive Killer Parasite in Peru

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[29/09/2011] Doctor Michael Levy of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, along with other collaborators from Penn and Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia in Peru, are in the trenches combining tried-and-true epidemiological approaches with new statistical methods to learn more about the course of a dangerous, contagious disease epidemic. Epidemiology: Tracing an Elusive Killer Parasite in Peru - Read more

Depression: Therapy via Internet Yields Good Results

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[28/09/2011] Treatment via the Internet enables many more patients to get help with their depression. This has been established by the psychologist Fredrik Holländare, who has studied the effects of Internet-based CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) both on ongoing depression and for preventing relapses.Depression: Therapy via Internet Yields Good Results - Read more

Study: Alzheimer's Disease Rises During Day and Falls with Sleep

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/09/2011] A marker for Alzheimer's disease rises and falls in the spinal fluid in a daily pattern that echoes the sleep cycle, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis have found. The pattern is strongest in healthy young people and reinforces a link between increased Alzheimer's risk and inadequate sleep that had been discovered in animal models.Study: Alzheimer's Disease Rises During Day and Falls with Sleep - Read more

Sexuality: Couples Counseling Improves Sexual Intimacy After Prostate Treatment

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2011] Prostate cancer survivors and their partners experience improved sexual satisfaction and function after couples counseling, according to research at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Researchers revealed both Internet-based sexual counseling and traditional sex therapy are equally effective in improving sexual outcomes. Couples on a waiting list for counseling did not improve.Sexuality: Couples Counseling Improves Sexual Intimacy After Prostate Treatment - Read more

Lung: Risk of Comorbidities for COPD Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2011] A new study has shown that people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or people with reduced lung function are at a serious risk of developing cardiovascular disease.Lung: Risk of Comorbidities for COPD Patients - Read more

DNA: Genetic Factors Behind High Blood Pressure

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/09/2011] High blood pressure is a well-known risk factor for heart disease. Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have participated in an international study of 200,000 Europeans which has identified 16 new genetic variations that affect blood pressure. The discovery is an important step towards better diagnostics and treatment.DNA: Genetic Factors Behind High Blood Pressure - Read more

Humans: Why Carbon Nanotubes Spell Trouble for Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[23/09/2011] It's been long known that asbestos spells trouble for human cells. But scientists had been unable to understand why cells would be interested in asbestos fibers and other materials at the nanoscale that are too long to be fully ingested. Now a group of researchers at Brown University explains what happens. Humans: Why Carbon Nanotubes Spell Trouble for Cells - Read more

Surgery Patients: Catching a Breath – Wirelessly

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/09/2011] University of Utah engineers who built wireless networks that see through walls now are aiming the technology at a new goal: noninvasively measuring the breathing of surgery patients, adults with sleep apnoea and babies at risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).Surgery Patients: Catching a Breath – Wirelessly - Read more

Breakthrough: New Combination Treatment for Prostate Cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/09/2011] Scientists at Queen’s University Belfast have pioneered a new combination treatment for prostate cancer. The treatment, which has been successful in phase one of trials, will now be tested for efficacy in a second phase.Breakthrough: New Combination Treatment for Prostate Cancer - Read more

Health Prevention: “It is an investment in our economic development“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[22/09/2011] Prevention is the best medicine, according to the proverb. To internalise this wisdom into as many people as possible is the most important goal of the health prevention. With a view to rising illnesses such as diabetes, mental disorders or adiposity, it is becoming more and more important. Health Prevention: “It is an investment in our economic development“ - Read more

World Alzheimer's Day 2011: "Faces of Dementia"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/09/2011] The theme for World Alzheimer's Day 2011 is 'Faces of dementia'. In much different materials and activities Alzheimer's Disease International (ADI) and Alzheimer associations across the world will focus on the many issues surrounding the 'Faces of dementia'.World Alzheimer's Day 2011: "Faces of Dementia" - Read more

Antibiotics: Common Treatments Can Lead to Resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[21/09/2011] Overexposure to antibiotics has long been a concern in the medical community – most specifically the development of antibiotic resistant infections as a result of repeated use. According to a study, ophthalmologic antibiotics promote antimicrobial resistance too, prompting a call from Vanderbilt Eye Institute physicians to be more judicial in the administration of certain classes of antibiotics.Antibiotics: Common Treatments Can Lead to Resistance - Read more

Alcohol: People Born After World War II Are More Likely to Binge Drink

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[20/09/2011] Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health looked generational and gender differences in alcohol consumption, alcohol disorders, and mortality. Findings indicate that people born after World War II are more likely to binge drink and develop alcohol use disorders.Alcohol: People Born After World War II Are More Likely to Binge Drink - Read more

HCV: Breakthrough Opens New Avenues for Hepatitis C Vaccine

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/09/2011] Hopes for an effective vaccine and treatment against the potentially fatal hepatitis C virus (HCV) have received a major boost following the discovery of two 'Achilles' heels' within the virus. A team of medical researchers from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) studied individuals at high risk of HCV infection, including a number identified within a few weeks of the onset of infection.HCV: Breakthrough Opens New Avenues for Hepatitis C Vaccine - Read more

Cells: Separating a Cancer Prevention Drug from Heart Disease Risk

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[15/09/2011] Several clinical studies have shown that taking the anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib can reduce the risk of developing polyps that lead to colon cancers, at the cost of increasing the risk of heart disease. Researchers at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University have identified a way that celecoxib pushes cancer cells into suicide, separately from its known effects.Cells: Separating a Cancer Prevention Drug from Heart Disease Risk - Read more

Toxicology: Polonium Poisoning Case Sheds Light on Infection Control Practices

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[14/09/2011] A new study uses a famous case of international intrigue and murder to shed new light on the risks health care workers face while treating patients with radiation poisoning.Toxicology: Polonium Poisoning Case Sheds Light on Infection Control Practices - Read more

Women: Breast Cancer Patients with BRCA Gene Diagnosed Earlier

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/09/2011] Women with a deleterious gene mutation are diagnosed with breast cancer almost eight years earlier than relatives of the previous generation who also had the disease and/or ovarian cancer, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.Women: Breast Cancer Patients with BRCA Gene Diagnosed Earlier - Read more

Genes: New Strategy to Fight AIDS and Other Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/09/2011] Mayo Clinic researchers have developed a genome-based immunization strategy to fight feline AIDS and illuminate ways to combat human HIV/AIDS and other diseases. The goal is to create cats with intrinsic immunity to the feline AIDS virus.Genes: New Strategy to Fight AIDS and Other Diseases - Read more

Kidney Patients: Hormone That Predicts Premature Death

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/09/2011] Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have found that high levels of a specific hormone can predict which kidney patients will develop heart problems, require dialysis or die prematurely.Kidney Patients: Hormone That Predicts Premature Death - Read more

Protein: New 'Bouncer' Molecule Halts Rheumatoid Arthritis

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/09/2011] Researchers at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine have discovered why the immune cells of people with rheumatoid arthritis become hyperactive and attack the joints and bones. The immune cells have lost their bouncer, the burly protein that keeps them in line the same way a bouncer in a nightclub controls rowdy patrons.Protein: New 'Bouncer' Molecule Halts Rheumatoid Arthritis - Read more

Study: Aerobic Exercise May Reduce the Risk of Dementia

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/09/2011] Any exercise that gets the heart pumping may reduce the risk of dementia and slow the condition's progression once it starts, reported a Mayo Clinic study. Researchers examined the role of aerobic exercise in preserving cognitive abilities and concluded that it should not be overlooked as an important therapy against dementia.Study: Aerobic Exercise May Reduce the Risk of Dementia - Read more

Radiation Sickness: "There is no specific treatment"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/09/2011] Many years ago in Chernobyl, now Fukushima (Japan) - when it comes to nuclear accidents, human lives are in danger. Not only in the moment of the accident, but for many years later. Because the disease-causing rays have a life-long effect on our health and can be the cause of cancer even in the following generation.Radiation Sickness: "There is no specific treatment" - Read more

Medicines: Cheap Drugs Could Save Thousands of Lives

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/09/2011] A major new international study involving researchers from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg and Sahlgrenska University Hospital has revealed that aspirin, statins, beta blockers and ACE inhibitors are prescribed far too infrequently.Medicines: Cheap Drugs Could Save Thousands of Lives - Read more

Probiotics Industry: New Polymer Research

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/09/2011] A protective delivery vehicle that shuttles friendly bacteria safely through the stomach to the intestines could provide a major boost for the probiotics industry. The new technology could also be used for the delivery of certain drugs and even increase calcium absorption, according to research at the University of York.Probiotics Industry: New Polymer Research - Read more

Leukaemia: Researchers Found Mechanism That Can Help Design Future Therapies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/09/2011] An international team of researchers has found a group of mutations involved in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL), and showed that certain drugs, already in clinical use to treat other diseases, can eliminate the cells carrying these mutations.Leukaemia: Researchers Found Mechanism That Can Help Design Future Therapies - Read more

EurSafety Health-net: "You can learn a lot in many different areas from each other"

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2011] To be able to fight resistant hospital bacteria effectively and for the long term, it is getting more and more important to collaborate throughout Europe and internationally with different stakeholders of medical facilities. Now one European project is making this its primary goal. The German-Dutch collaboration is meant to strengthen patient safety and protection against infections.EurSafety Health-net: "You can learn a lot in many different areas from each other" - Read more

Global Study in 17 Countries: Huge Gaps in Use of Simple, Cheap and Proven Drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/09/2011] A global study in 17 countries led by McMaster University researchers has found too few patients are using drugs proven to give significant benefits in warding off a heart attack or stroke.Global Study in 17 Countries: Huge Gaps in Use of Simple, Cheap and Proven Drugs - Read more

Therapies: Why HIV Infection Rates Are On the Rise

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/08/2011] A new study in Israel reveals that the number of new HIV cases diagnosed each year in the last decade saw a startling increase of almost 500 percent compared to the previous decade, and similar trends have been reported in a number of other developed nations, including the U.S. Therapies: Why HIV Infection Rates Are On the Rise - Read more

New Method: Improvement of Drugs and Other Compounds

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[18/08/2011] Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have devised a much easier technique for performing a chemical modification used widely in the synthesis of drugs and other products.New Method: Improvement of Drugs and Other Compounds - Read more

Study: New Role for Protein in Hearing

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[17/08/2011] A protein involved in sound sensing in the inner ear may also play a role in transmitting sound information to the brain; the protein - harmonin - is mutated in Usher syndrome, one of the most common forms of deaf-blindness in humans.Study: New Role for Protein in Hearing - Read more

Extranodal Lymphoma: IMRT Improves Outcomes in Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[16/08/2011] In a subtype of the disease called extranodal lymphoma, tumors arise in non-lymphoid organs, such as the tongue and tonsils. Patients with extranodal lymphoma of the head and neck often undergo radiation therapy, but this treatment frequently damages the salivary glands and causes dry mouth, which can lead to problems with eating, speaking and swallowing. Extranodal Lymphoma: IMRT Improves Outcomes in Patients - Read more

Robotic device: Recovery of the Hand Functions of Stroke Patients

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/08/2011] Scientists have developed a hand robotic training device to recover the hand functions of stroke patients. Robotic device: Recovery of the Hand Functions of Stroke Patients - Read more

Radiology: Safety Checks Could Reduce Radiotherapy Errors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[04/08/2011] A combination of several well-known safety procedures could greatly reduce patient-harming errors in the use of radiation to treat cancer, according to a new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers.Radiology: Safety Checks Could Reduce Radiotherapy Errors - Read more

Dementia: An underestimated problem

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2011] Dementia is a disorder caused by malfunctions in brain performance, from which in Germany alone approximately 1.2 million people are suffering from. Since dementia mostly appears in the third phase in one’s life and the number of affected people is increasing constantly, all industrial nations are facing entirely new challenges.Dementia: An underestimated problem - Read more

The Fight Against Cancer: “In 30 countries of the world there is no equipment at all for treatment“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2011] Whether it’s India, Japan or France – Cancer doesn’t care about country borders. According to the World Health Organization, until 2030 the annual death toll will be 17 million. This means the number would more than double. Increasing tobacco consumption in developing nations plays a primary role in this case.The Fight Against Cancer: “In 30 countries of the world there is no equipment at all for treatment“ - Read more

Living in a foreign land: “So far different countries have responded quite differently to the psychosocial needs of immigrants“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/08/2011] Those who leave their home country to live in another one always take a part of their own culture with them – even in a global community that appears more and more linked to us. But how much does our native country still affect us in foreign lands and how do we handle it if professional or everyday situations lead us to feeling stressed out? Living in a foreign land: “So far different countries have responded quite differently to the psychosocial needs of immigrants“ - Read more