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Photo Galleries 2010

Co-payments tied to drug resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A dollar note showing from a jeans pocket [14/07/2015] The high out-of-pocket costs for antimicrobial drugs in many developing countries are leading to an increase in drug-resistant pathogens, according to a study by Stanford University researchers.Co-payments tied to drug resistance - Read more

Dye could prevent infection during bone-repair surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: An OR nurse directs a lamp [15/05/2015] A green dye that sticks to bone grafts becomes antimicrobial with the flick of a light switch and could help reduce the risk of infections during bone-reconstruction surgeries.Dye could prevent infection during bone-repair surgery - Read more

Rapid method for typing of C. difficile could limit outbreaks

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A petri dish with bacterial colonies [04/05/2015] The Public Health Agency of Sweden has developed a method of typing that can allow laboratories to faster establish the presence of hospital outbreaks of the intestinal bacterium Clostridium difficile.Rapid method for typing of C. difficile could limit outbreaks - Read more

Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics?

Photo: A green maple leaf [21/04/2015] A concentrated extract of maple syrup makes disease-causing bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics, according to laboratory experiments by researchers at McGill University.Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics? - Read more

MRSA can linger in homes, spreading among its inhabitants

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand holding a petri dish with bacterial cultures [13/03/2015] Households can serve as a reservoir for transmitting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).MRSA can linger in homes, spreading among its inhabitants - Read more

Cellular scissors chop up HIV virus

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: A group of 7 researchers in a lab [11/03/2015] Imagine a single drug that could prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, treat patients who have already contracted HIV, and even remove all the dormant copies of the virus from those with the more advanced disease.Cellular scissors chop up HIV virus - Read more

Molecular trigger of IBD discovered

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Zebrafish fluorescing in green and red [20/02/2015] Cells lining the intestinal tract form a critical barrier, protecting our bodies from the billions of bacteria living in the gut. Breaches in this barrier are driven largely by a single signaling molecule called tumor necrosis factor (TNF), elevated amounts of which are associated with inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.Molecular trigger of IBD discovered - Read more

Tracking parasites with satellites

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Prof Archie Clements [17/02/2015] Scientists are teaming up to use satellite data to target deadly parasites to help predict patterns of parasitic diseases such as malaria, worms and hydatids.Tracking parasites with satellites - Read more

HIV: Persistent adaptability

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: The word [29/01/2015] Drug-resistant HIV viruses can spread rapidly. This is the conclusion of a study conducted as part of the SWISS HIV Cohort Study, which is supported by the SNSF. Only the continuous introduction of new drugs can stop the virus from getting the upper hand.HIV: Persistent adaptability - Read more

Do viruses make us smarter?

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Young female student with a laptop and a book [13/01/2015] A new study from Lund University in Sweden indicates that inherited viruses that are millions of years old play an important role in building up the complex networks that characterize the human brain.Do viruses make us smarter? - Read more

Fecal microbiota transplantation: A stranger’s stool heals inflammatory bowel disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[05/01/2015] It sounds strange: During fecal microbiota transplantation, the stool of a healthy donor is transferred into the intestines of a diseased patient to restore his or her damaged gut flora. This is an entirely normal process in the animal kingdom. Now the stool transplant has established itself as the standard for treating Clostridium difficile.Fecal microbiota transplantation: A stranger’s stool heals inflammatory bowel disease - Read more

New class of synthetic molecules mimics antibodies

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Function of Syams [19/12/2014] A Yale University lab has crafted the first synthetic molecules that have both the targeting and response functions of antibodies.New class of synthetic molecules mimics antibodies - Read more

Imaging reveals: Bacterial biofilms associated with colon cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fluorescent image of biofilms on cancer tissue [17/12/2014] Since the first "catalog" of the normal bacterial makeup of the human body was published in 2012, numerous connections between illness and disturbances in the human microbiota have been found. Now scientists report yet another: Cancerous tumors in the ascending colon are characterized by biofilms, which are dense clumps of bacterial cells encased in a self-produced matrix.Imaging reveals: Bacterial biofilms associated with colon cancer - Read more

Patients do not understand risks of unnecessary antibiotics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician informs a patient about his description [16/12/2014] Over prescription of antibiotics is a major factor driving one of the biggest public health concerns today: antibiotic resistance. In a first-of-its-kind study, research led by the George Washington University suggests that public health educational materials may not address the misconceptions that shape why patients expect antibiotics, driving doctors to prescribe them more.Patients do not understand risks of unnecessary antibiotics - Read more

China: Climate change will slow fight against infectious diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Ricefields filled with muddy water [28/11/2014] China has made significant progress increasing access to tap water and sanitation services, and has sharply reduced the burden of waterborne and water-related infectious diseases over the past two decades. However, researchers from Emory University found that climate change will blunt China's efforts at further reducing these diseases in the decades to come.China: Climate change will slow fight against infectious diseases - Read more

Protein sharpens salmonella needle for attack

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Picture of tissue infected by salmonella [21/05/2014] A tiny nanoscale syringe is Salmonella’s weapon. Using this, the pathogen injects its molecular agents into the host cells and manipulates them to its own advantage.Protein sharpens salmonella needle for attack - Read more

Hands: Human Microbiome More Diverse than Previously Thought

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hand with compost [13/05/2014] Microbial samples taken from populations in the U.S. and Tanzania reveal that the microbiome of the human hand is more varied than previously thought, according to new research. The findings suggest that the microbiome varies depending on location and lifestyle.Hands: Human Microbiome More Diverse than Previously Thought - Read more

Wildlife: Increase in Rodent-borne Disease

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Zebra [02/05/2014] Populations of large wildlife are declining around the world, while zoonotic diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans are on the rise.Wildlife: Increase in Rodent-borne Disease - Read more

Evolution: Development of HIV in North America

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: US flag and stethoscope [29/04/2014] A study tracing the evolution of HIV in North America involving researchers at Simon Fraser University has found evidence that the virus is slowly adapting over time to its human hosts. However, this change is so gradual that it is unlikely to have an impact on vaccine design.Evolution: Development of HIV in North America - Read more

Environment: Rural Microbes Could Boost City Dwellers' Health

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Harvest [28/04/2014] The greater prevalence of asthma, allergies and other chronic inflammatory disorders among people of lower socioeconomic status might be due in part to their reduced exposure to the microbes that thrive in rural environments, according to a new scientific paper.Environment: Rural Microbes Could Boost City Dwellers' Health - Read more

Honey: New Approach to Antibiotic Resistance

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Honeycomb [21/03/2014] Honey, that delectable condiment for breads and fruits, could be one sweet solution to the serious, ever-growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics.Honey: New Approach to Antibiotic Resistance - Read more

Public Health: Treatment Target Found for Waterborne Pathogen

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Tab water [27/11/2013] In the developing world, Cryptosporidium parvum has long been the scourge of freshwater. A decade ago, it announced its presence in the United States, infecting over 400,000 people – the largest waterborne-disease outbreak in the country’s history.Public Health: Treatment Target Found for Waterborne Pathogen - Read more

Immune System: Bacterial Toxin Sets the Course for Infection

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Yersinia [12/11/2013] Every year gastro-intestinal diseases have lethal consequences for more than five million individuals. Researchers from Braunschweig have now discovered what makes a specific strain of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis–one of the main instigators for these infections–so dangerous.Immune System: Bacterial Toxin Sets the Course for Infection - Read more

Drug Resistance: UK Is Not Funding Research Enough

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Research [13/09/2013] Study of funding awarded to antimicrobial resistance research projects in the UK calls for political leadership and sustained and targeted spending.Drug Resistance: UK Is Not Funding Research Enough - Read more

Pneumonia: Factor for Impaired Immune Response Found

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Lung [23/07/2013] Scientists from the Medical University of Vienna found out that a protein hampers the body’s immune response in cases pneumonia.Pneumonia: Factor for Impaired Immune Response Found - Read more

Genomics: Rapidly Identifying Specific Strains of Illness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Genomics [12/07/2013] Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and George Washington University (GWU) have developed a method to rapidly identify pathogenic species and strains causing illnesses, such as pneumonia.Genomics: Rapidly Identifying Specific Strains of Illness - Read more

Copper: The New Building Block in Hospital Hygiene

Germs can be easily transmitted from person to person in hospitals. This is especially dangerous for patients when their immune system is weakened by an existing disease or not yet fully developed, as is the case with children.Copper: The New Building Block in Hospital Hygiene - Read more

Type 2 Diabetes: 14 New Biomarkers Identified

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[09/10/2012] A German research team has identified 14 novel biomarkers for type 2 diabetes. They can become the basis for new methods of treatment and prevention. Furthermore, they can also be used to determine diabetes risk very early and to shed more light on the mechanisms of the disease.Type 2 Diabetes: 14 New Biomarkers Identified - Read more

Diagnosis Sepsis: “The risk of patients dying from sepsis increases the longer the diagnosis takes”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/02/2012] On the website of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft) you can find the following definition for the disease called sepsis: A modern definition of sepsis was published in 1989 by Bone. He wrote: Sepsis is defined as an invasion of microorganisms and / or their toxins into the blood stream along with the reaction of the organism to the invasion.Diagnosis Sepsis: “The risk of patients dying from sepsis increases the longer the diagnosis takes” - Read more

Fungus: Athlete's Foot in the Laundry Basket

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[30/03/2010] Lower washing temperatures in domestic washing machines are not sufficient to ensure the reliable and effective removal of skin fungi, researchers report.Fungus: Athlete's Foot in the Laundry Basket - Read more

Diagnosis: 3-in-1 Detection of Parasitic Diseases

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[24/03/2010] A new three-in-one test to diagnose a trio of parasitic diseases – namely Chagas' disease, leishmaniasis, and "sleeping sickness" or African trypanosomiasis - is passing preliminary tests, scientists reported.Diagnosis: 3-in-1 Detection of Parasitic Diseases - Read more

Liver: New Screening System for Hepatitis C

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/02/2010] A newly designed system of identifying molecules for treating hepatitis C might enable scientists to discover novel and effective therapies for the disease of the liver, according to a researcher.Liver: New Screening System for Hepatitis C - Read more

Hospital Infections: Safety Checklist Shows Effect

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[08/02/2010] The state of Michigan, which used a five-step checklist to virtually eliminate bloodstream infections in its hospitals' intensive care units, has been able to keep the number of these infections near zero during a period of three years.Hospital Infections: Safety Checklist Shows Effect - Read more

Infection: Viruses Can Spread Faster Than Thought

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[25/01/2010] New video footage of a virus infecting cells is challenging what researchers have long believed about how viruses spread, suggesting that scientists may be able to create new drugs to tackle some viruses.Infection: Viruses Can Spread Faster Than Thought - Read more

Sleeping Sickness: Making Parasites Destruct Themselves

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[19/01/2010] In an article, scientists are reporting their successful attempt at determining the structure of an enzyme essential to the survival of the protozoan parasites that cause sleeping sickness, Chagas disease and leishmaniasis.Sleeping Sickness: Making Parasites Destruct Themselves - Read more

Metabolism: How Bacteria Talk to One Another

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[12/11/2009] Using imaging mass spectrometry, researchers have developed tools that will enable scientists to visualize how different cell populations of cells communicate.Metabolism: How Bacteria Talk to One Another - Read more

Blood Diagnosis: Chip-based and Mobile

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[13/10/2009] The blood analysis takes just a few minutes: An improved marker-free technique might provide the basis for faster analysis, whether in a hospital or for mobile blood donations.Blood Diagnosis: Chip-based and Mobile - Read more

Implants: Building Better Bone Replacements with Bacteria

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/10/2009] Bacteria that manufacture hydroxyapatite (HA) could be used to make stronger, more durable bone implants. Implants: Building Better Bone Replacements with Bacteria - Read more

Imaging: Discovery to Aid Study of Molecules

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[07/09/2009] Researchers in the United States and Spain have discovered that a tool widely used in nanoscale imaging works differently in watery environments, a step toward better using the instrument to study biological molecules and structures.Imaging: Discovery to Aid Study of Molecules - Read more

Microfluidics: Painting Clearer Pictures of Biological Processes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[06/08/2009] The masterpieces that spring from the talents of Rubens and others often begin with the creation of a gradient of colors on a palette. In a similar manner, researchers have created an innovative device. Microfluidics: Painting Clearer Pictures of Biological Processes - Read more

Bacteria: Lab-on-a-Chip Measures Mechanics of Biofilms

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[27/07/2009] Researchers at the University of Michigan have devised a microscale tool to help them understand the mechanical behavior of biofilms, slimy colonies of bacteria involved in most human infectious diseases. Bacteria: Lab-on-a-Chip Measures Mechanics of Biofilms - Read more

Food Safety: Detecting Bacteria With Fish Cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[26/09/2008] Microbiologists have developed a possible new way to detect illness-causing bacteria. The approach builds on the colour changes in pigment-bearing cells from Siamese fighting fishes. Food Safety: Detecting Bacteria With Fish Cells - Read more

 
 

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